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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - January 7, 1938, Abilene, Texas VOL. LVII. I'. OK .WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE WW VOl'K WORLD EXACTLY AS )l ABILENE; TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 7, PAGES Unit.d [UP] NUMBER 235 Hearing On Rates Brings Rail, RanchMen To Grips Fighi To Survive Say Cattlemen Shippers Get In Licks On Existing Differentials EL PASO, Jan, western ranchers came to grips with attorneys for the railroad in- dustry here today at an I. C. C. hearing on carriers' request (or a general 15 per cent increase in freight rates. Cattlemen, opposing the propos- ed Increases, declared their light was of survival. o At the same hearing, shippers o[ New Mexico and West Texas opened a fight against what was termed unfair freight differentials, allegedly giving other southwestern shippers competitive .advantages over shippers from the El Paso railroad center. Although (he hearing was not scheduled to take up the matter of existing" differentials, shippers got In their protests any way. Tlie hearings were before Claude R. Porter of Iowa, I. C. C. exami- ner. Silting with him were Col. Ernest O. Thompson of the Texas railroad commission; C. R.H Mc- Namee, assistant chief examiner of the Texas commission; and Robert Valdez, New Mexico state corpora- lion commissioner. Representing the railroads was the carriers' general law commit- R. Bell of Washington, counsel for the Southern Pacific; S. W. Outlaw of Chicago, for the Santa Fe lines; and M. G. Rob- erts of St. Louis. High Structure Cited By Carswell The Interstate Commerce com- mission was asked to "take into account the high rate structure already in effect in West Texas" at yesterday's hearing In El Paso. T. N. Carswell, secretary-man- ager of the Abilene chamber of commerce, presented "Ih'at request. He left Wednesday to attend the hearing anrt did not expect to re- turn before Saturday. Also representing West Texas in- terests at Ihe hearing was B. R. Tanner of El Paso, traffic manager of the West Texas Chamber of Commerce. Carswell advised officials at the gathering that the Abilene cham- ber of commerce had, by formal resolution of its board of directors, petitioned the ICC to "grant and authorize such rate increases as are found necessary to the end that the carriers may be enabled to continue to function as at present and to improve the existing serv- ices and facilities." Carswell continued: "Freight rates In West Texas are already high. The rate on cot- ton from West Texas points was recently increased. We ask the commission, therefore, to take in- to account the high rate structure already- in effect in West Texas, should ft general increase in freight rates be found necessary and made applicable." Labor Board To Courts With Ford WASHINGTON', Jan. 6. Tiie labor relations board took the first step today inCwhat promised to be 3 prolonged court battle with the Ford Motor company. The board mailed to the sixth federal circuit court of appeals at Covington, Ky., a petition for p.n order to enforce the board's recent decision against the Ford company. Youths Cleared Of Guil! In Slaying Of Pirate Yachtsman ANGELES, Jan. federal grand jury today freed Robert Home, 27, and George Speniak, 19, of guilt In their con- fessed parts In endlnj the pirati- cal career of "Marl Jack'' Morgan after five days of terror aboard the luxurious yacht Aafje. Morgan, who had chartered the yacht last Dec. 20 for an announc- ed two-day pleasure trip to Cata- lina Island, was declared by the survivors lo have killed the owner, Faulding, Santa Barbara hotelman, the first night out Arrmd, he forced Home and to lower Fauldlng's body weighted with the ship's anchor, and continued on toward the un- known destination, which federal agents learned might have been a south seas island. five days of terror In which Ihe seven remaining passengers said they were In constant tear of their lives, Home said, he felled Morgan with a marlin spike and tSpsrnak's aid, tossed him overboard, in wes', Mexican NEW SENATOR Hep. Lister Hill of Alabama was elected to the senate to fill the vacancy left by Justice Hugo Black. Hill defeated former Senator Tom Heflin. 'Certain Rich' lax Targets Bili Framers To Retain Surplus Levy On Some WASHINGTON, Jan. s Congressional lax bill drafters have decided to continue taking a vir- tually undimlnished slice of the in- corporated wealth of certain rich men, it was announced today. Practically no relief should be given, the house sub-committee on taxes agreed, to certain "closely yornorations, although ,the iftw revenue Bii'l was described'-as easing the burden of others. Chairman Vinson (D-Ky) explain- ed some corporations whose owner- ship is centered in a few persons are used by these Individuals to escape high individual income taxes. Some 5DO to companies re- taining profits instead of declaring out dividends on which surtaxes would be paid would be affected, Vinson said. They would pay a proposed 16 to 20 per- cent undistributed profits tax to which all comparatively large corporations would be subjected But after deducting or 30 per cent, whichever was great- er, from income remaining after paying lhat levy, they would pay another flat 20 per cent tax on the balance. Approximatrly of the 200 000 corporations which have taxable income would receive more favor- able treatment under the revision program, Vinson said Picture Of Teruel Front Unchanged HENDAYE, Pranco Spanish Frontier, Jan. insur- gent and government armies at- tacked simultaneously today In the Teruel sector where both tides claimed advances, although (lie main outline of the 15 mile front remained unchanged. The renewed olfensivc the in- surgents began two days ago ap- parently had made little, if any, progress against, the reinforced government lines. Control of the important provincial capital Is at stake.' Travelers Group To Hear Bandeen In a long distance call from Sweetwater last night, L. B. Jack- son, president of Hie Abilene Trav- eling Men's association said D. A Bandeen would be principal speak- er for the first session of 1938, Sat- urday at Hotel Woolen. Jackson will be in Abilene in time for Ihe meet Ing he said. Paxton, Mayor Swap Retorts Airport Wrangle Incites Exchange Of Statements Words still were flying last night in the verbal bout of Mayor W. W. Hair and George L. Paxton over Im- provements to Abllcne's municipal airport. The controversy arose with a statement issued Wednesday, by Paxton, chairman of the cAamber of commerce aviation committee. He charged the mayor with "high- handed, arbitrary, dilatory" tactics and with personal responsibility for delaying Improvements to the air- port. Yesterday Mayor Hair replied, ex- pressing himself: "If I have been1 to blame for any delay in the comple- tion of the airport, I gladly shoul- der that responsibility, but I do not deserve the caustic criticism" con- tained In Paxton's' first statement. INTRA-COMMITTEE DISCORD At the same time, three members of the aviation committee disavowed Chairman Paxlon's heated remarks. They were Max Bentley, Dr. T. M. Ramsey and W. G. Swenson, air- port conferees with Paxton over a nf period. Last night it was the. aviation chairman's turn again. He insisted, at some length, that the mayor "has not assured the city of these improvements in time to remotely approach a possibility of securing another air mail and passenger stop." Earlier in the day, Mayor Hair had said: "The citizens may rest assured that the airport will be completed by the city just as fast as the city can HtMI) rMtrr rtd.. north ifirthtuM wtnd. iTw OKLAHOMA: S.iferitar fair. xr.w ar.xirn AMI .IRIMINA: u S Jl 1 2 M M s: jaon P. m. 71 KM Smiwl nitKt lod s. r dale THE 'ROBINSONS' ARE RUBENSES This man and woman are central figures in the involved International mystery of the 'and Rubenses. Yesterday the woman. was definitely Identified In.Moscow 'as' Mrs. Marie Rubens, after she had posed as Mrs. Edward Robinson. She is the wife of Adolph Arnold Rubens, shown in the picture, who ftauderitly obiaimd a passport to Russia under the name Robinson.- rvSoviet Mystery Thpught To Be Missing Link In 'Robinson' Cose NEW YORK, Jan. Intriguing mystery of "Mr. and Mrs. Donald U Robinson" and the fraud- ulently obtained passoprts they car- ried when they vanished in Moscow last month deepened today with as- sertion by federal agents a key man In the case was a cleric "in the Egyptaln consulate here. He was identified by the agents as Asron Sharfln. Russia-bom resi- dent of the Bronx, and as the mys- erious "Mr. D." who helped obtain the passports of the Robinsons and of Randolph Arnold Rubens through the office of Tammany county Clerk Albert Marinelli April 3, 1936. LIGHT MOUTHED A. Dahab, vice consul In charge of the Egyptian consulate, said Shar- Iln was In his late 20's and a trusted worker. He described him as an "office bey' who stamped and de- livered passports, carried money to the bank and sometimes operated the telephone switchboard, Sharfln himself declined to talk and he gave his name only after sixteen hours of questioning. Dahab said Sharfin was born In the United states, not Russia, as Ihe federal agents said. Throughout the long grilling Sharfin apparently maintained a stubborn silence. The federal men were certain, however, they had the key man who could supply the ma- jor missing links in the puzzling International intrigue. The Investigation s'.arted when it See MYSTERY, Tg. S. Col. e A-tii Leaders Fear Session May Be Prolonged Speechmakers Paced By Texas Senator Connally WASHINGTON, 6 The controversal ai'ti-lyiiching bill came up for senate debate today and drew a blast of old-fashioned southern orators'. A prolonged fili- buster seemed in prospect. Leaders expressed concern lest de- lay on the measure toe up the heavy and push farther Into tile future administration legislative program the scheduled May adjounmment of congress. A band of southerners resorted to tactics of delay from the very beginning of today's session. They demanded numerous quorum calls.' Senator Connally lead- ing the southern speechmakers, sought to force a senate adjourn- ment In mid-afternoon, but failed by a vole of 52 to 18. Adjournment would have given southern talkers a rest. TALKS tVORiD PROBLEMS After preliminary jabs at tile bill by half a dozen southerners. Sena- tor Reynolds (D-NC) took the iloor. He launched a long discussion oJ world problems, Including the eco- nomic development of chbia and Japan, the war between the slates In this country, evidences of "com- munistic" Influences in Spain, like- lihood of war betiveen Japan and Russia and cotton production in. India. Earlier, Senator Lewis' (D-Ill) said he would seek approval of his amendment fo the anll-Jyrichlng- bill to make it apply to gang wars and labor., violence: At', the re- quest of Senator JTorris however, hp. agreed to revise'the amendment so..the bill would have no Is Speaker Here Movernent Knows No Creed, Racial Head "Scouting Is. no respecter of per- sons, nor creed, nor said Wal- ter W. Head, president of the na- tional council. Boy Scouts of Amer- ica, last night at the Chisholm Trail banquet. "As equals before God we should do everything in our power to ed- vance the cause." Over 300 Boy Scouts of all ages and ranks attended the banquet last night at the First Methodist church honoring their national executive. Tribute was paid Head by both speakers andsc outs for his iong years of service and active support of the scouting movement in the United States. WORDWIDE IN SCOPE Taking his keynote from i pre- vious announcement that the first negro Boy Scout troop was organ- ized In Abilene yesterday, Head spoke of scouting as a worldwide organization and not Just national Illustrating his address with many examples garnered in his world travels, he told of a troop in Hawaii with 17 boys enrolled and each with a different nationalltv. He spoke of the oldest son of" the crown prince of Sweden and how he was setting an example for the youth of that country by being a scout. Then he looked at his subject from the viewpoint of the parent. "No father or mother can teach a boy or girl x x .v x without getting some good out of the lesson them- he Said. "The scout oath and law should mean as much to See BOY SCOUT. Tf. 8, Col. Senators Van would'provide, for fining .sheriffs and other peace officers who'fail- ed to protect prisoners and .would, make counties in which lynchlngs occurred liable to payments to the lynching victim's family. In a statement, Connally assert- ed the antiy-lynching bill was _ purely a political gesture" and 'an insult" to the southern states. West Outpost lest Indicates Pay From Third Horizon In Avoca Field Iron Mountain Oil company and Humble No. 3 Jones A: west outpost to the Avoca fic.'d. struck a showing of oil estimated at about <0 barrels per day natural In lime Thursday, but prepared to drill ahead and care off the horizon. The test topped Ihe free oil at 2.377 feet, drilling ciRht