Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 6, 1944, Abilene, Texas
WAR BOND SCORE
Fourth War Loan quota $3,245,000.00 sfts Wednesday 6,330.00
Soles this month 32,998.75
J0DL. LX1II, NO. 203Che gHrilene Reporter-Bettie FINAL
WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES SKF CII YOUR WORLD EX \CTLY AS GOES’-Bvron
A TEXAS ammu, NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY 6, 1944 -FOURTEEN PAGES Associated Pre** fapI United Press (V.P.)
PRICE FIVE CENTSIDR Lists Lease Aid at 18 Billions, Sees 1944 as Decisive Year
Credits Fund With Stepup Of Offensive
Washington, Jan. 6 —
(AP) — President Roosevelt, in a report placing total lend-lease aid to America's allies at $18,608,000,000 through Nov. 3® declared today that 1944 “will be a year of decisive actions in the war.
He declared the United Nations had increased their pow-
frs to defeat the Axis and had beaten back our enemies on every front.”
At Allied war councils at Teheran and Cairo a few weeks ago. the
Allies Lunge Into halo Line
President said, plans were made for rjor offensives which
will speed victory.
"With the closer unity there achieved.” he asserted, "we shall be able to strike every increasing blows i^il the unconditional surrender (W,he Nazis and Japanese."
He credited lend-lea.se with increasing the power of Allied offensives. emphasizing tremendous increases in shipments of munitions.
It was his thirteenth report on lflid-lease since the program began in March, 1941. and it was transmitted to the secretary of the Senate and clerk of the House.
Up to the end of November, the program, winch was described as essential element of United Nations strategy,” took 13.5 cents out
EM) OF A JAP TORPEDO PLANE—The mortally wounded
of every dollar of American war ex- japanese torpedo plane, its wing stub blazing (above) rapid*
ly lost*'; altitude and plunges into the sea, leaving only a dense cloud of smoke (below) as a U. S. destroyer (right background) speeds to the spot.
(AP Wirephoto from U. S. Navy newsreel)
pend I tules. Although months of
the first eleven 1943 accounted for
San Vitfore Tottering in Fierce Fight
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Jan. 6—(UP)—A massive Allied offensive roared into its second day in the mountains of central Italy today as American and British infantrymen opened a 10-mile gap in the German defense barring the road to Rome and crashed into the enemy stronghold of San Vittore.
Striking down the mountain slopes on either side of the Rome road, the Allied troops smashed head-on into the heart of the German defenses Tuesday night at the height of a driving hail and sleet st rm.
In 36 hours of bloody, close quarters fighting they hacked out a one-mile advance all along the 10-mile assault front, running roughly five miles north of the inland road tc Rome and the same distance to the south of that highway.
Bad weather grounded the Allies’ heavy bombing fleets and robbed them of part of their expected
MARINE FLIER BAGS No. 26 TO TIE JOE FOSS' RECORD
GUADALCANAL, Jan 6 — ITI _ Major Gregory Boyington of Okanogan, Wash., was officially credited today with sheeting down his 26th Japanese plane to tie the record set by a fellow Marine. Major Joe Foss. Boyington. a former member of the “Flying Tigers” in China, got his 26th in a raid on Ra-baul. New Britain, three da>s ago. More than 50 fighters participating in the sweep over the Rapopo airdrome shot down six of 23 intercepting Zeros, with five more listed as probables. Two Corsairs were lost. The 30 year old flier, leading ace
Pacific sectors, brought down his the South Pacific in January, 1943.
^10.356,000.000 of the total of ^Bmd-leasr aid. compared with
S*.OOO.000.000 in all of 194”. a table in the report showed that the flow had been lessening every month since a peak was reached last August.
^The total includes money spent * tW such service* as training combat pilots end repairing ship*, as tydl aa the value of goods to which title was transferred.
•EXPORTS AT 13 BILLIONS
Exports, the assistance actively ! driveled to recipient nations, ad-neri up to S13 844.000.000 through October—more than ane and a half times the sam for all of 1942. Munitions accounted for $4,674,000,000. an increase of 142 percent over the corresponding IO mouths of 194J £ Russia got S3,550 000.000 of the exports and the * nited Kingdom S5.980.000.000.
A considerable part of the report apparently was designed to answer criticism—some of it bv members of wglobe-circlin* committee of five aBhators who visited major war theaters.
* • *
One section, for instance, complete with reproductions of labels, hammered at the theme that lcnd-lAsr item' are wc',1 marked to show tW'v originated in the U. S. A Some critics had said that the British were redistributing lcnd-lease goods under their own labels.
Only a minute fraction of one
£>e LEND-LEASE, Pg. 14. Col. 3
Report Holds Scant Ijjope for More Gas
WASHINGTON. Jail. 6 — P> — A post war international agreement to accord all nations “equal acces.V’ to the world oil supply, based on the needs of each, was foreseen in the Wkh lend-lease report forwarded to progress todaj bv President Roosevelt.
25th plane Dec. 26 over Rabaul. On D:c. 28. he hit a Japanese plane but it was listed only as a probable since it was not seen to crash.
Other members of his “Black-sheep” squadron have expressed belief that Boyington destroyed 40 Zeroes in all. However, only those seen to crash, explode*or burn have been listed on his confirmed score.
Boyington first Joined the Marines as an aviation cadet in 1935, a year after his graduation from the University of Washington where he was a wrestling champion. He re-
Tlie first time he led his Marine squadron into action, he shot down five Zeros in a single fight.
Another time, while leading a flight of fighter planes over Bougainville, he ran Into 50 Japanese planes. Itoyington’s half-dozen took on the 50 and,
In the ensuing dogfight, Pappy knocked down three by himself —in HO seconds.
As a result of thus foray, Boyington returned several days later with a doz n planes, circled mockingly over the Kahili airdrome un
signed his Marine commission in j til 20 Japanese planes came up to 1941 to join the American Volun-1 fight. Twelve were shot down;
in both the south and Southwest | terr Group in China. He arrived in * Boyington’s share again was three. I MAJ. GREGORY BOYINGTON
Bessarabia in Panic
RAF Lays Waste to German Baltic Port
LONDON. Jar.. 6—< Ti—Stettin, Germany's biggest port on the Baltic was blasted by the RAF's heavy wreckers last night and Berlin was bombed by Mosquito raiders in a double-edged assault calculated to disrupt the emergency supply system of the battered capital and shatter an important maritime lifeline to the Russian front.
The air ministry, in announcing the Stettin attack, said the assault was carried out in bright moonlight on a heavy scale with the storm of bombs well concentrated on the objectives.
Besides hitting Berlin for the second night in a row. thus allowing the bomb-pitted capital but one night's surcease since Sunday, the Mosquitos directed other blows at tar- i-——
gets iii western Germany and northern Franco.
Fifteen aircraft were lost in the assorted attacks which included tho 1,300-mile round trip raid on Stettin.
The latter port, a city of 260.000 which is 75 miles northeast of Berlin, was last hit on April 20 when 90 buildings of a 51-acre chemical factor were destroyed and severe damage done to edible oil factories, bar-
LONDON. Jan. 6.—(UP) — Royal Air Force light bombers and fighter bombers in small formations attacked military objectives in northern France today.
3S'wa1er Men Hurt in Action
racks, military depots Hon stories.
With extensive damage in the last few weeks to communications into
The report held out little hope for Berlin and the disruption of the
more liberal gasoline rations for American civ iii* us. While asserting a -much laiger part” of Mediterranean war theater oil needs in 1944 will come from British-controlled sources, I said the increased over-all needs for greater offensives” will not therefore result in reducing the rimlands of our own Cjgroleum resources.'
Pin the future, as in the past, the petroleum resources of each of the United Nations will be utilized in its own direct *ar effort and the combined war r*fort, in proportion to the maximun ability of each to maaluce and efficiently deliver the pProleum products needed in the prosecution of <he war.”
Evacuees Jam Trains-
BERLIN INFERNO BURNS 3 DAYS
STOCK HOL,!, Jan. 6 — Zip) — Fires still buried in Berlin at 4 )0i. Wednesdiy from the RAF's Monday raid and thousands of evacuees, carding their meager belongings, jammed trains and hign-ways out of vie city, the newspaper Aftontidningei said today.
t Three huidred persons were eported to have been extricated from anair raid shelter beneath Hitler damaged Reich-rhancellery afer they had been trapped for ii hours.
SWEETWATER, Jan. 6— <Spl> — At least three Sweetwater families have been notified this week that their sons were wounded in early December engagements of the 36th Division in Italy. All three men were members of Sweetwater's National Guard company E, w hich | was mobilized in November, 1940. Reported by the War department as “seriously wounded" were Pvt. Allen L. King, son of Mr. ami Mrs. ll. L. King, and Pvt. Winifred N. Woodard, son of Mr. and Mrs. J.
H. Woodard. Pvt, King received his wounds on December 7. and P\t. Woodard was wounded on December 9, according to the War department messages.
Pvt. larlan Hanks, son of Mr. and Mrs. M. B. Hanks, was reported as “slightly wounded" in action on December 3.
Cpl. L. T. Bell, another member of the Sweetwater National Guard and reported as "missing in action” soon alter the 36th landed at Salerno, has been reported the International Red Cross as a prisoner of Germany. He is said to be imj isoned at Camp Stalag No. 2, Germany His wife, the former Jessie Ray Hughes, lives in Sweetwater. They have an eight - month - old son, Tommy, whom Corporal Bell has never seen.
Critics of FSA Temper Blasts
Dispatches to the Stockholm newspaper said also that a Nazi; WASHINGTON, Jan. 6 — it —
navy shipyards, wharves and an The hot breath of congressional
commercial center of Leipzig to the south recently, it was likely, too, that much emergency traffic—including the shipment of bread—into Berlin had been diverted to routes j through Stettin.
Reports from Switzerland yesterday said the German capital was now hall destroyed and that another 25 percent of the city was badly damaged.
The RAF's thundering night fleet took off early in the evening for the long journey and did not get back until dawn. But the losses were appreciably less than last April when Stettin and Rostock were raided and 31 bombers were lost in the joint attack.
See eyewitness story on page ll
aerial support, but swarms of American attack planes swarmed in at dawn Wednesday and laid down a concentrated rolling barrage of bombs and machine gun file m the patch of the adducing ground troops.
Wave after wave of the divebombing invaders roared in on the startled Germans at zero altitude, threading their way through the cloud-capped mountains at mure than 300 miles an hour to blast the enemy's gun positions, ammunition dumps and front-line troops.
American infantrymen striking from the north side of the Rome road spearheaded the offensive, the fury of their initial attack carrying them halfway through San Vittore by Wednesday night.
The Americans, who had oeen perched on the hills 1,000 yards outside San Vittore for three days before the attack, punched their way through a maze of German defenses outside the town, including barbed wire, pillboxes and thousands of mines and booby traps.
Inside San Vittore, they fought with bayonet and grenade a German garrison apparently committed to a death battle for the shell-pockcd town.
Front reports Indicated that the offensive was gaining momentum hourly and that the Germans, caught off-guard by the attack, were beginning to crack.
As the 5th Army struck. Canadian units of the British 8th Army lashed out along the Adriatic coast, hurling stubborn German rear guards from a 180-foot ridge overlooking the tiny coastal village of Torre Mucchio.
Units of the .Royal Navy also went back into action for the first time in a month, turning their big guns on the German railroad supply line at Pesaro almost 130 miles up the Adriatic coast from the 8th Army front.
The destroyers Jervis and Janus slipped close to shore Monday night and sent 200 to 300 rounds of shell fire into the startled enemy ripping up highway and railroad facilities.
CHILDREN FOUND IN PARTIALLY FLOODED FLAT — A two-year-old girl cries and shies from a toy dog in the hands of a nine-month-old boy at New York Foundling Hospital after the children were taken there by a policeman who found them lying in bed in a partially-flooded flat. The mother of the two babies was questioned by authorities who identified her as Mrs. Frank Jiro.
ARGENTINA PUTS PRESS UNDER STRINGENT RULES
BUENOS AIRES, Jan. 6—— Strong new curbs brought the Argentine press and foreign correspondents under strict control today of the government of President Gen. Pedro Ramirez, who seized power in last June s military revolt.
A decree issued yesterday specifically prohibited news, editorials and advertising which
ammunition factory had been destroyed during tie two-day American heavy bomber assault on Kiel.
A thousand persons were killed Tuesday and 800 more died in Wednesday’s follow-up, the newspaper said.
criticism which once scorched the Farm Security administration has been tempered to a gentle zephyr. Rep. Wickerham (D-Oklai said today.
He attributed the change in the “weather,” especially among mein-
». DI l*\IU MIM OI COM MI,IU I. AAI Alinit HI in: Al
ABILKNE and Vicinity: Partly «ioui> thi* afternoon, tonight And H riday: no!
quite ,*o cold tonight; warmer Friday Highest tempera tun- ytat*'day: City of-fl r IS; Airport. 47.
l,owr»t this morning: City office. 32,
KAST TEXAS -Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Friday becoming
cloudy with *■ Altered light rains aoutn-vveat and extreme eouth portions Friday;
not quite bo cold tonight; temperatures near freezing in the extreme northeast portion; warmer Friday.
AVEsT TEXAS Partly cloudy this afternoon. and tonight; allghtly warmer
< xcept little dialist in temperature ti ttie Panhandle tonight; Friday mostly cloudy, light rain in the Del Rio-Eag.t Pa as area.
Thur-Wed Tkus-Wed A M
The American precision bombers bels of the House agriculture corn-located their targets accurately de- ■ mittee. to a change in administra-spite a smake screen the Nazie laid tive heads for FSA. which provides in a futile attempt to hide the port housing and equipment for low in-city. come farmers at easy terms.
33—42 32 39
33—37 35—34 38—32 35—30 BONDS 34-29 35-29 38—29 38—32 40—35 44 38
Sundae thi* morning: 8:41. SUOMI tonight; 6 19.
40-58 43 5*
At-.HH 4 4 81
48—fit 48—80 42-54 3»
Sheriff Drops DeWoody Quiz
LAKE CHARLES, La., Jan. 6— fspi—Sheriff Henry A. Reid said here this morning that he had authorized the release of Jerry De-Woody, being held at Abilene, Tex., authorities in connection witn the Christmas Eve robbery of the Sulphur branch of the Calcasieu Marine National bank.
Reid and Deputy Cody Varnado went to Abilene last week to question the suspect and said this morning they did not have sufficient evidence to return him to Louisiana.
The release of this man left local
authorities without any suspect* in
custody in connection with the $20,-
500 robbery of the bank.
# • •
Jerry DeWoody’s attorney Letcher King said here today that he would continue w itll habeas corpus proceedings set for this afternoon. The attorney said he wished a permm-ent record of witnesses which he would present in an attempt to establish his client's alibi.
Judge M. S. Long this morning postponed the hearing a few hours because of the illness of the court reporter, Harvey Brown. A court reporter is scheduled to arrive from Haskell.
may “endanger public order”, “disturb the good relations the nation maintains with friendly countries", or contain statements “prejudicial to public officials, private institutions and private citizens generally.''
At the same time newspapers were directed to publish all governmental communiques, and a separate decree required all motion picture theaters to devote at least eight minutes of each program to Argentine propaganda reels.
Enrollment in an official register is required of all persons engaged in any phase of news gathering and publishing, with registry barred to those convicted of crimes or who “repeatedly violated the provisions of this decree."
Four degrees of punishment for infractions were set up—•*warning, suspension of the publication, removal from the official register of all concerned, closure and seizure of the fixtures of the offending publication or news agency
The decree specifically included correspondents foi foreign newspapers and press associations.
Issued under the signatures of President Ramirez and Gen. Luis Perlinger, minister of the interior, the decree affects*the pres.* in all; its forms—newspapers, pcrioch<als, pamphlets, handbills, news agencies —and all persons engage d in its manifold activities from publish**! to printers.
Business and mechanical employes must list themselves on the official register as well as editors and reporters.
LONDON, Jan. 6—(UP) -1 The Red army drove south-westward through the Uk- J raine to within 65 miles of: Bessarabia today and middle ,
(eastern advices said the Ru- j martian government, panicstricken Vj,- the Soviet surge, had Ordered the civilian ovac-j uation of that disputed border I province.
1) E FE NS ES II A M M ERF D Gen. Ion Antonescu, Rumanian chief of state, was reported by reliable diplomatic sources in Cairo to have ordered the mass flight from Bessarabia, which lies in the i path of Russian forces hammering at the Bug river defense line, the last formidable fortifications short of the Dniester.
The Russian drive, its main weight now swung against the border zones of the Ukraine, threatened to explode the simmering Balkan situation.
Nervous Nazi propagandists reported that the Russians had launched a powerful new offensive inside the Dnieper bend, where I,*00,600 German were threatened with encirclement.
The Nazis were reoorted from .southern Poland or Galicia, a "di-southcrn oPiand or Galicia, a “direct war zone," calling for the evacuation of the civil administration from the vast region.
A United Press dispatch from Cairo reporting the evacuation of Bes.1 arabia said Antonescu had sent his wife to Istanbul “for safety.” Unofficial reports had told of a voluntary flight from Bessarabia, the pre-war Rumanian province occupied latex by the Russians, ut tens of thousands of peasants terrified by the Red army approach
Actors in Britain
LONDON, Jan. 6~<zP> — George j Landis and George Raft, film stars, j arrived in Great Britain today ii j where they will join the USO in 42 entertaining American troops sta-I Honed here.
Japan Admits Her Forces 'Inferior'
LONDON, Jan. 6 —T —A Tokyo broadcast heard today by Reuters said “our forces in New Britain now are inferior to enemy forces which have landed on the island.”
American troops are steadily pushing inland after winning two bridgeheads on the western end of this island. At the opposite end is the important Japanese base of Rabaul.
Ruslan forces were reported from Moscow to be battering down the desperate counter-blows of the last German reserves thrown into the battle of the Ukraine and driving forward some 20 miles from the Odessa-Warsaw railroad, the last main line of retreat lrom the Dnieper pocket.
Russia, however, maintained silence on the military situation .it tin Polish border. So far Moscow had made no report of Soviet operations beyond the pre-war boundary. Instead, the official reports dwelt on a swing of the Red army southward against the Dnieper bend.
A German communique revealed that the Russians had gone into action after a long lull in the areas of Krivoi Rog, keystone of the Nazi defenses in the heart of the Dnieper bend, on a front stretching northwestward some 50 miles to the Kirovograd region
The Nazis acknowledged that Gen. Nikolai F. Vatutin’s forces were attacking with “unabated violence’’ at the southwest arc of the Kiev salient in the area of Bcrdi-chev, rail junction which the Russians captured yesterday.
Aussies Landing on New Guinea, Report
LONDON, Jan. 6—I AP)—The Berlin radio broadcast a dispatch today by DNB. German official news agency, from Tokyo, that Australian troops had made a jiew landing at Cape Gumbi on the north coast of New Guinea.
WAR AT A GLANCE
By the Associated Press ITALY—Fifth army opens offensive. advances mile on 10-mile front.
RUSSIA—Germans reform for stand along pre-war Polish frontier.
El ROPE—R AI blasts Stettin. Germany's biggest Baltio port.
SOITHWEM PACIFIC—Allies step up pressure on New Britain. Japs admit their forces inferior to those of enemy on tly* island. *
4 Plead Guilty, Get Pen Terms
Sentences of live years were assessed on eac!' of 14 indictment* to which four men pleaded guilty this morning in Judge Milburn S. Long’s 42d district court. The charges were on burglaries in Ovalo, Tuscola and Merkel.
L. C. Grant and J. T. Kelley were sentenced cm- «VL four charges involving two jobs at Oval1', one at Tuscola and one at Merkel. The other twro, J.
V. Thomason and W. E. Mansfield, were sentenced on three charges, ti-e two at Ovalo and the Tuscola Job.
Indictments against the four were brought Monday by a Taylor county grand Jury as part of a series of charges they have faced for burglaries over West Texas since being arrested Dec. 7 following the Tub* cola burglary.
Witnesses brought b?Tore the court included the four store owners. Tom Vaughn of Tuscola, W. J. William* of Ovalo, Jap Bur h of Ovalo, all of whose stores were burglarized the night of De* . 6. and George Wood-rum of Merkel whose lining station was broken into in the latter part of November.
Letcher King was appointed by the court as attorney for the four. District Attorney J. R. Black represented the state.
In pas'ing sentence, Judge Long said he would not enter order as to how the sentence* » would run, but would leave that to penitentiary authorities.
The three will be taken to Anson tomorrow for trial on charge growing out of robbery of the We t Texas Utilities office there.
Fort Worth Service For Church Leader
Funeral services will be held at the G. H. Connell Memorial Baptist church in Fort Worth Friday aftei -noon for Mrs. G. H. Connell. 86, a guiding spirit in the building ct many Baptist churches, known as “Mother" Connell.
Mrs. Connell was the widow c the late G. H Connell, who began his career as a West T. xas cow be and became a cattleman, banker and church leader in Brownwood. Sweetwater, Buffalo Gap and Midland before the family moved to Fort Worth in 1889. She was a cousin of Mrs. Clare ne* Cowden of lene.
Sandefer's Arrival In India Announced
WASHINGTON, Jan. 6—* "P—The American Red Cross today announced the safe arrival rn India of Gilbert Bryan Sandeter of Abilene, Tex., one of its program directors. Sandefer was manager of the Hardin-Simmons University Cowboy band before joining the Red Cro65 a .sear ago.