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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 4, 1944, Abilene, Texas Knox Indicates Marshall Islands Being Softened Up fcBM Che Abilene Reporter-flew eve™ FIP'J'T IM U/MT TEXAS    ^ SEE STORY IN COLUMN FIVE ^OL. LXIII, NO. 201WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE, 'IO FRIENDS OR DOLS WE SKEICH YOUR W ORLD I X \CTLY AS I1 GO! S"-Byron A TEXAS 2~u, NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 4, 1944 —TEN PAGES Associated Pres* (AP) United Pre ss (U.P ) PRICE FIVE CENTS Reds in Poland on Wide Front . -  .....■— -    ■ ■ ■    ■ Ports Kayo Italian Bearing Plant 5th Probes Defenses of Thorne Road A L v * - '<.. ' . *;•; .v:-< • i\ Z" x* * I WST V -ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, algiers. Jan. 4— (AP)—U. S. Flying Fortresses knocked out the bearing plant at Villa Pcr-osa in northern Italy yesterday and battered the Turin taxiway yards, it was an- RECEIVES AWARD nounced today, while aground Kenneth Fuqua. USMC. has been awarded the Purple U.S. Mediums Batter French nvasion Area WAR AT A GLANCE Pvt Eighth army Indian troops seized a hill and advanced inland from the Adriatic. * Soggy terrain stymied largess scale land fighting, hut American troops probed defenses of San Vittore guarding the Rome road, and other patrols also stirred up the Nazis. Allied fliers wrecked or damaged ^jMzens out oi hundreds of German ^cr ^ Niniitz, cominander-in supply trucks found snow bound in mountain passes, and bombed the Yugoslav ports of Split and Sibenik. The Fortresses of the 15th air force, soaring out for the first time #ader command of Maj.-Gen. Na-lan Twining, wrecked the main building of the Villa Perosa plant producing eight percent of th* Nazis’ output of bearings. Villa Pe-rosa is 23 miles southwest of Turin. Heart medal for wounds received in action during the Gilbert islands occupation in November, 1942, his parents. Mr. and Mrs. J. L 1152 1-2 North Second, have been informed. Official notice came from Admiral Ches- chief of the Pacific fleet. Open Poll Tax Payment Drive a On the Eighth army front. Indian Torres captured a hill a mile and a A chamber of commerce committee today began laying plans for a half from recently-won Tomasso. drive which is hoped to boost Tay- and advanced up the road from Or-tona almost to Tollo. five miles inland. The Nazis replied to American patrol stabs on the Fifth army sector with a shelling of Mig llano. The main Fortress blow was delivered against Villa Perosa. and photographs showed the main building. 600 by 1.200 feet, at the bearing ^jlant was hit directly. Other hits Tkf'ie scored on nearby buildings apparently housing worker.- lor county's voting strength to ap proximately 18.000. The committee, under the title of public affairs and poll tax payments, will meet at the chamber of commerce building Wednesday afternoon at 3:30 o'clock for foundation work on LONDON, Jan. 4—(AP) United States Marauder medium bombers heavily attacked military objectives in the Pas de Calais area of France today in the wake of RAE Mosquito forays into western Germany. All planes returned from both operations. OSLO LEAVES AIR Tile Marauders were escorted by RAF, Dominion and Allied fighters. As the day advanced the Gern.an-eontrolled Danish radio left the air Fuqua, followed by the Norwegian long-range transmitters at Oslo and Tromso*. This sometimes is an indication that British or American aircraft are overhead in those areas. The attack on western Germany last night by the speedy Mosquito formations was the second successive night raid on this general area by these planes and was carried out without loss, Hie Ail- ministry said. Fires, meanwhile, were reported still burning in Berlin from the two previous night assaults on the German capital anil advices relayed from neutral Sweden said that traffic within the city remained virtually paralyzed. Two fires were raging yesterday in Hitler’s Rcichschancellory, and hundreds ol persons were believed | trapped In shelters beneath the ruined building, these advices said. I The main administration building at Berlin's great Tempelhof airdrome also was reported damaged heavily by fire and destruction was said to be widespread in factory districts in Bv the Associated Press RUSSIA—Germans retreating into Poland. ITALY—Fortresses blast plant at Villa Perosa. KI ROPP AN AERIAL—United States bombers attack Pas de Calais. SOUTHWEST P ALISE IC — Navy planes set afire two Jap cruisers, one destroyer. Abilenians Safe In Arawe Action Nippon Air Arm Weak, Press Told WASHINGTON, Jan. 4 -(UP) -Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox said today that American airmen arc contin-I uing to “soften up" the Marshall islands, indicating that preparations are being made for invasion of those Japanese held islands. JAPS ON DEFENSIVE He also told newsmen that the enemy had been strictly on the defensive throughout the South Pacific and Southwest Pacific areas. Relief came to worried families and friends yesterday with letters from Abilene men believed to be with the American Sixth Army! which smashed ashore at Arawe on the southeast coast of New Britain in mid-December. S-Sgt. E. H. Babe ' Meeks, in a letter to his parents. Constable and Mrs. Marvin Meeks dated Dec. 23. eight days after the landing, said "we are all well..” Mentioning several of his buddies of Troop G. 112th Calvary, he asked j his parents ‘‘to tell the mothers! around there they can be proud ofi»> their boys and that they arc ,§11 I tops.”    *    J Ile named Rudolph Plowman; ygt. I heron Lewis, son of Mrs. G. C. Dunlap; Cpl. Jake Zab-loudil, son of Mrs. Lera Zab-loudil; and Jack Taylor, son of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Taylor. Capt. Landon Hill, in a letter written Dec. 23 to his motlier, Mrs. P. H. Hill Sr., now' visiting two other sons at Long Beach, Cal., said he was all right Mrs. Hill wired his father in Abilene yesterday of the news. Captain Hill is regimental Intelligence officer for the 112th Cavalry. WHERE REDS CROSS BOEDER — Russ an forces crossed the pre-war Polish frontier on a 50-mile front at Olevsk and The Japanese air arm, he added, Novograd-Volynski (top arrows), front line reports indicate    WO lr ,„H *hlted loday 0;her Sovict forces were threatening Berdichev while a fourth Red army column, heading toward the Rumanian border, was near Zhnicrinka, junction of the important Odessa-Warsaw railway. seems particularly weak and “such action as it has taken has been defensive,'’ It was the first time that Kno\ ha* used the phrase “soften up" in connection with the sustained aerial blows against the enemy's bases in the Marshalls—a phrase usually connected with pre-invasion operations. We’ve put the enemy on the defensive throughout the region,", the region." Knox said. American plane losses have been vfery slight, he said. “The most interesting development of the past week,” he said, “was the carrier based at-fck on N-’w Year* 'lay on ><z c naval forces just outside of Kavieng, New Ireland ” He said that two Japanes heavy | cruisers were hit by 1000 pounds hulk See Story on Page 3 the drive. Over 15.000 poll tax payments will the southeastern part of the city. be sought in the dri\e, Jack Sim- The Air ministry announced that cons, chamber of commerce mana- RAF, Dominion and Allied fighters Abilene, Stamford Soldiers Wounded was little doubt the plant making bearings for airplanes, tanks, submarines and other would be out of operation for some ^.me. TTwo waves of bombers struck Villa Perosa, meeting fairly heavy cast Simmons said anti-aircraft fire, but no fighters. Tho other formations simultaneously pounded the rail ^ yards at Turin, meeting nearly ™ 30 German fighters. A good concentration of bombs hit the vards, sidings, warehouses, and industrial objectives, starling fires, and severing the main line railroad. £ Medium bombers ranged across the Adriatic to blast docks and railway Installations at Split and Sibenik on the Dalmatian coast, while Other raiders attacked a "large concentration" of troops at Prtjedor in Yugoslavia. Two West Texans, one from Abilene, were among the names of 441 United States .soldiers, wounded in There ser< sa^- Additional voteis will bo and lighter bombers had been ac-over or under tax paying age.    tive over northern France yesterday, A Sunray of Taylor county has re-    bombing military objectives and car- war vehicles vealcci the Potential voting strength    eying out extensive patrols. Two en-! adion,    released by the War Depart at 27,000. but average balloting    emy aircraft' were shot down and    ment    today, reaches only about 8.200.    seven Allied planes were missing in Last general election year, 1942.    t these operations, saw a record vote with 9,400 ballots I_ bombs and torpedoes and set afaire at Kavieng. Both of these, he added were believed sunk or beached. In addition, two enemy destroyers were bombed and strafed. One of these was set afire and probably sunk and the other w as badly damaged A force of from 20 to 30 enemy lighters sought to intercept and ll of them were shot down and four probably destroyed, Knox said. A Japanese medium bomber also was downed. The whole cost to Allies Near Victory In Sky-Gen. Arnold *..7»fciiHNGTON, Jail- 4--(UP' - Allied air forces now .smashing German cities and blasting an invasion path into western Europe are nearing victory in an epic battle for sky supremacy which will be "a major turning point in the war,” Gen. H. H. Arnold asserted today. In a triumphant report to Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, the U. S. Army Air Forces chief promised crushing aerial offensives against all enemies on every front. He did not as others have done recently —say when he believed final victory would be achieved, but he stated: “It is now plain that for us the beginning has ended: for our enemies, -----  —    the end has begun " Rites Pend for I Mishap Victims LONDON, Jan. I.— i un — Premier Jo*rf Stalin announced today that the Red Army his raptured the Ukrainian highway junction of Belava Tserkov, 50 miles south of Kiev. LONDON. Jan. 4 — (UP) — Russian forces were reported to have broken across the prewar Polish border on a 50-mile front today in a triumphant westwart surge opening the broad plains before Germany and crumpling the last major defense line east of Rumania. BATTLES RAGE United Press dispatches from Moscow announced the arrival of Gen. Nikolui Vatutin's vanguard at the 1939 frontier after a sensational rash through the northwest Ukraine, and supplementary advices said the Red army had forced the frontier i at several points. Soviet front report* said the German* were fleeing westward through the swamps and forests j in the border region, abandoning their gun*, equipment and supplies in the disorganized retreat. Nazi accounts relayed through Stockholm told of bloody battles along the frontier, fought iu miserable w eal her on the rim of the Polish plain across which the German Invaders of Poland swept at blitzkrieg pace in 1939. WW* Tile Red army advance to tho frontier in the Ole Vs k area of the northW( st Ukraine put the Russians 160 miles from German-held Poland at the Bug river line and 250 miles from German soil in East COLEMAN, Jan. 5 Funeral ar- In off years the average sags to around 6,200. With 1944 a banner election year, including political races from presidential down to the smallest precinct, the chamber of commerce sees an opportunity to inert* ase greatly Taylor county's voting strength. Former 8th Corps Head to New Post Winter Opening New Onslaught Wounded in tile Mediterranean area were Sgt. Everett D. Conner, who.", wife, Mrs. Eugenia I. Conner, lives at 1646 North First, and FL Frank Acosta, brother of Fred Acosta of Stamford American forces, lie said, was two rangements for Mr. and Mrs Jim fighters and one dive bomber. | Batson, who were killed in a head- WW * , ,    „    „    .,_____, ~rr    on    automobile    crash    four    miles    uni t h Meanwhile, Knox continued, PT    ‘ boats and planes were raising havoc ; | h incomplete pending word with    Japanese barges, a    type of i    *    relatives craft    on which the enemy    has been    daughter".    Ma    bit    and forced to place heavy reliance for    who    were    with    their    par- transport because of their heavy merchant shipping losses. Immediate Aid for New Vets Favored Pay-as-Go Natural Gas Tax Proposed By United Press The Panhandle and South Plains section of Texas prepared today for a renewed onslaught of winter as AUSTIN, Jan. 4.—(Th—A pay-as-you-go method of taxing natural gas production in Texas with the dual purpose of aiding industry and the state was recommended to ld Early Start Urged For'44 Campaign WASHINGTON. Jan. 4 U An .earlv start for the presidential campaign with June conventions for both major parties was advocated today by Senator Vandenberg <R-^Slich> to facilitate absentee voting “y members of the armed forces. Vandenberg, who supported the Senate-rejerted Green-Lucas federal ballot bill, told a reporter he is convinced that lf service men are to vote in N’ov-ember, presidential nominations ^ must be made by July I at the latest. "Tne idea of late national conventions and a short campaign, which has been advocated by some persons as a wartime measure, collides squarely with the whole theory of soldier voting,” the Michigan senator declared. NEW DELHI, Jan. 4.—(J?)—A vet elan of 36 years in the regular sections moved out Army. May Gen Daniel Isom Iul- mountains, tan. 53, has been appointed deputy commander in chief of the U. S. Army forces in China, Burma and India, under L’.. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell. AUSTIN. Jan. 4.—Rep. Lyndon Johnson <D-Tex> told a meeting oi World War II veterans here last night that an act taking care of .    veterans returning    to civil    life a cold wave expect cl to bring 15-20    ^guld be put on the    statutes    books    day by Dr. E. P. Schoch, Universl- degcee wether and snow-j*> ^those    immediately.    tjr ol Texas chemical expert. He said he approved of the pro- i Dr. Schoch, testifying before the gram outlined by veterans organi-1 senate’s general investigating com-zations for the benefit and protection of lighting men. of the Rocky General Sultan was commander of the Eighth Army corps with headquarters in Brownwood while the 90th motorized division was stationed at Camp Barkeley. He visited Cloudy and colder was the forecast for most of West Texas today except for tile Del Rio-Eagle Pass arca and the Pre os valley w here it i called for partly cloudy weather and little change in temperature. Tile cold wave was exp cled to bring freezing weather or below to all but the Del Rio-Eagle Pass sections during the night. East Texas was not expected to feel the new frigid blasts until late Salvage Queen NEW YORK. Jan. 4.—t/Pi—Char- i lotte Harris, 14-year-old St. Petersburg. Fla., high school girl, was titled ■ today "Salvage Queen” of the country after it was reported to liead-Camp Barkeley early last year to in- tonight and then only in the ex- quarters of the U. S. victory waste spect the Doth under his command trcme northwest section. Ligiit paper campaign that she had col-just before it took off for the wan rains and colder weather was the lected 8,952 pounds of old news-zonc.    !    East Texas forecast for tomorrow, papers and magazines. adequate tax on natural gas could be used by the state to finance research in development of processing to the end that methods dI covered should encourage industry to use gas for chemical pur- u    w poses at home and make Its export sob. both of May Lex. for fuel purpose unprofitable. onts were seriously injured. Killed In the crash also was Sgt James O. Lancaster of Camp Hood, Tex., and Injured were Mrs. Maggie Simon of Killeen, Grace D. Watson and two Camp Hood soldiers, Pvt. James Armstrong and hts brother, Edward Armstrong. The Camp Hood soldiers and Miss Jones were in one car and the Watson family in the other, investigating officers said. Mi Watson, 52, who had been employed at the Piggie Wiggly store in Coleman for a number of years, and Mrs. Warson were both natives of Coleman county. Surviving them are the twin daughters, who ape employed at Camp Hood; a son. Vernon, stationed in the Army at Washington: another daughter, Mrs, Orville Sewell of San Antonio; a brother, Jess and Mr. Watson’s father. John Wat- IHE WEATHER Soldiers Work CHICAGO. Jar,. 4 opt The sd Arnold, whose 54-page report covered U. S. air force organization and Prussia. ,    ,    „    ,    .    The    border    crossing    came    as    a    re aper a lions to Jan. I, promised early elimination of the German luftwaffe as an effective air force and ultl-Justry by American planes swarming over the enemy’s home islands from bases in China. W rn W Detailing the triumphs of Amor-1 lean air pow'er from the start of the war—when it was called on to stop the tide of Japanese invasion then swei ping tow ard Australia—to the bn cahing of Hitler's European fort-re"-s at Salerno and the beginning of Allied offensives in the Pacific, Arnold summed up tile essence of aortal warfare in one word: "Offense.” Hines 1939, Arnold said. America has done “what Adolf Hitler was sure that an unregimented people could not do: nut-think, outwork and outbuild his robots." As a result, he asserted, the luftwaffe is on the way out. “In view of the high rate of attrition of German fighter aircraft on the western front,” he said, "tile near future appears likely to be a crucial period which may determine the survival or destruction of the luftwaffe as an effective air force . . “The United Nations have mounted and are about to mount greater crushing aerial offensives on every front. Tilt Army Air Forces are now in the process of fulfilling a historic and decisive mission." In view of the obvious fate in store for them, the Germans conceivably might follow the suit of those picked Nazi troops in Tunisia who, Arnold said, “gave up at once" of 175 .soldiers horn nearby when i became clear to them that sounding climax to a Russian offensive waged unremittingly for nearly six months which carried westward from Orel and the Denets line in the lower Ukraine, To the south on the rim of Vatutin's fast expanding salient, the Russians were reported smashing through the last German strong points in the main defenses guarding the approaches to Bessarabia, See RUSSIA, Pg. 3. Col. 4 Diplomats Fear Poles’ Reaction WASHINGTON. Jan. 4 — (TPI — Diplomatic observers here watched the Russian army's westward drive today with fingers crossed in the hope that no border incidents will arise to snap the tension between Russia and the Polish government In exile. The question of whether the smoldering feeling between Poland and Russia, which do not have diplomatic relations, will flare up depends on actions taken by the Polish underground. the conduct of the Red army, and the attitude of the Polish government in London. ... Jan Kwapin: Id, Polish deputy premier who attended the United Nations Relief conference in Atlantic City, said in Chicago three weeks ago that Instructions had be n issued to the Polish underground and that they had been sub- Here's something FREE and no strings attached . . , Attractive One, Two, and Three Star Service Emblems, printed on book paper, are obtainblc at the Reporter-New* business office w-thouf cost.. They will be mailed to any address in the U. S. for 5c i * linum mi st oi commerce WE VMI! It 111 REA! ABILENE and Vicinity:    Mostly cloudy I th:" afternoon, tonight and Wednesday ; colder tonight and Wednesday with tem-pe nitur* slightly below freeing tonight. KAST TEXAS; Mostly cloudy this afternoon. tonight and Wednesday; iolder In northwest and extreme v.est-rentra! portion with temperatures slightly below freeman* tonight; colder In west and north portions Wednesday; scattered light rain In east and south portions Wednesday. Fresh wind* on the oast VV EST TEXAS: Cloudy; colder except In Hi Rio-Eagle Ha. area and east of the    Ry    1    hc Associated press Peoa river this afternoon, colder tonight; I    .-.    . lowest temperatures tonight 15 to 2o de I    Russia.6    First Ukfllhf HI int ll Et." frees In Panhandle, 20 to 2.*» In South j plunged aCfOSS th " Old Polish f roil - K'.rt,”™ 7*.'.E5S" SS" VST! lier—but in Moscow'.- view ''Poland' w, mesday partly cloudy aid colder, ne- apparently lies 150 miles beyond ca- .rial snow flurries in the Panhandle an* South Plains thla afternoon and to- j night. yesterday:    City    I vices Fort Sheridan were    enlisted yes-    they would lose    the    battle." This nutted to the    British    and Amorite rd ny to help stock    yard    workers    he said, "might    well    I told signifi- can high command, handle a heavv volume of    hogs at    ranee tor the not too distant fu-; He did not    indicate    whether the the Chicago yards.    lure.”    I chiefs of staff    approved, however. WARTIME TRACTOR HAS PUNCH, TOO—This high-speed artillery tractor (left), with a .50-caliber machine gun to defend delivery of heavy weapons (right), has seen successful front-line action, according to an announcement by the manufacturers. Allis-Chalmers Mfg. Co., of Springfield, 111. The 18-ton tank-type military tractor is designed as the M-4 prime mover    (AP    Wirephoto) As Result of Partition in 1939— 'POLAND' 150 MILES WEST ON MOSCOW'S MAPS lf ghcst temperature office. *4; airport. eat thin morning airport. CY I'E-MPER ATI HE.** T "-Mon Mon Sun A M Hour r M City office, 43, 4'f 4* 47 47 46 46 46 46 46 47 37 37 37 - 36 36 36- 36- 36- 36 40—10-50 16 ll M 54 12 Sui *e th ie m iming Sunset tonight ... At the old border, the Red arm\ is 370 miles from Germany itself and 780 miles west of Stalingrad, scene of a great Nazi debacle in January 1943. Soviet offensives then already underway farther west, since have travelled more than 500 miles, toppling Kharkov, Kursk, and Kiev. Red army troops crossed the pre-1 nearly to Moscow war Polish-Russian frontier after her Polish front!* r back In a Jag- part of Bessarabia between the sed line ranging generally from IOO ■ Dnieper and Prut rivers, a strip va-to 210 miles farther west. The So- I tying from 50 to JOO miles wide, virus have indicated hi various ways I Once reaching the Dnieper. Mos-that they consider this new tern-! cow may consider her true border tory as ••Russian," and still to be I lies those distances west to the lib rated.    I    Prut. Much of the Polish territory tak- Far to the north, rn the swirling • -I by Russia formerly had been I battles near Vitebsk and Novel, Russian under earlier partitions oi Russian forces are about 70 miles Poland, but was Incorporated into; from the former Polish and Lat-an independent Poland after the: Vian borders, and are still closer to Firs* World War Hitler's Invasion Latvia above the Kevil area. of Russia wa" sprung in June, 1941,1 Along with Poland, the Russians from th? new border, carrying took over Lithuania. Latvia, and _________ Estonia, in 1939, subsequently mak- The Russians' also are within 80 i mg them republics of the U. S. S. R. formerly the! These acquisitions pushed the bord- 6 18 racing IO miles beyond the town of miles of B> sarabia. .........,    th.    nW Oievsk    boundary line between Rumania    cr    some 280 miles west from the old But in    September.    1939. by mill-    and Russia But Russia established    frontiers. tary and    political partition    of Po-    a new frontier with Rumania land with Germany,    Russia    pushed    1940 by ultimatum, taking or all the way acrosa in Lithuania and Latvia to the Baltic that I shore. ;