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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 3, 1944, Abilene, Texas -m=M    Wk Abilene    Sporter r / PCT I KI TI/ PCT TrViC    ___*    ...    ____.    .    .    ,    ^    ^    .    x    .>    *    i    x    •    .    * EVENING FINAL FIRST IN WEST TFXAS WITHOUT OR WUU OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES \\ E SKL I CI I YOUR WORLD EX VCT LY AS IT GOES’-Byron fcVOL. LXU I, NO. 200 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 3, 1944 -TEN PAGES Associated, Press ( AP) United Press (U.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTSReds May Enter Poland Today Hitler's Hideout Bombed^?! OAF DUMPS 1,000 IONS IN SECOND RAID OF 1944 LONDON, Jan. 3. (UP)—Hundreds of British bombers ripped blazing Berlin with more than 1,000 tons of explosives early today for the second consecutive morning and Swedish fpports said Adolf Hitler's Reichschancellery was hit. The Air Ministry said the 1,000 tons of bombs dropped on Berlin in the second raid of the new year boosted the total weight of explosives delivered to the Nazi capital since Nov. 18 to more than 14,000 tons. The extent of damage to Hitler’s headquarters was not determined immediately, a Stockholm dispatch said, but the mausoleum-like structure had nine-foot thick concrete roof calculated to withstand anything except a super block-buster. Wave after wave of Britain’s biggest bombers crashed two and four-ton block-busters and thousands of incendiaries down on Berlin in the pre-dawn raid, stoking old fires and sending new conflagrations racing through the 0orld’s most-bombed city. WAR AT A GLANCE MOSCOW — Russian troops, last reported only IO miles from border, expected to cross into Poland today. LONDON — British bombers cascade 1.000 more tons of explosives on Berlin:    Hitler's chaleellory reported hit. BERLIN—Jittery Nazis report Allies massing invasion fleet in channel; Sweden says Allies seize inlands in Adriatic for Balkan thrust. ALGIERS — Bitter fighting continues, as Nazis show signs of exhaustion.    • SOUTHWEST PACIFIC — General MacArthur', third invasion traps Jap forces south of Madang on New Britain. er Goes Down In NY Bay Poyaski Ten s From Frontier Falls; Entire German Ukraine Front Crumbling NEW YORK, Jan. 3.—(AP) —A United States destroyer sank in lower New York bay I today after an explosion of undetermined origin which I shook many sections of the metropolitan area and awak-?ned thousands before dawn. 163 SURVIVE There were at least 163 known survivors, including 108 injured.' miles from the border. Fifty-four of them, many with third I LONDON, Jon. 3. (AP)—Russia's triumphant First Ukraine army sped on today virtually in sight of old Poland following the capture of Poyaski, lost moin fortified strongpoinf on the Kiev-Warsaw railway IO miles from the border.    ,    ,    ,    D    , The latest communique, announcing the capture of Poyaski, northwest of Korosten, placed the Red army only IO miles from the old frontier and disclosed that Gen. Nikolai Vatutinis First Ukrainian Ormy had made a spurt of 17 miles in a doy in some places—a pace if continued in the Poyaski sector wou put it inside old Poland today.    .__..    ■    e#1 A second column of the victorious First army today captured Vogograd Volynsk, removing laior obstacle between the old frontier in the Zhitomir region, south of Poyaski. Vogograd Volynsk is 15 Although the main targets appetent Iv lay in the city's industrial cftskirU, some bombs were dropped in the already devastated center of the capital. Swedish reports said. The Reichschancellery fronts on «Vilhelmsplat7, not far from the pattered Wilhelstrasse and Under den Lin ten. Other reports originating in Fiance said the German government had ordered the evacuation of another 1,000.000 women, children find aged from Berlin, virtually completing the removal of non-essential civilians from the city. The Allied fomrr.and now appeared committed to the methodical blasting of Berlin at the fastest possible pare until it has $ been eliminated as the economic and political nerve center of the German war effort, preferably hefore the opening of a second front. ( a Berlin broadcast admitted fires w ere started and damage caused to •some districts" of Berlin in a British "terror raid" last night ! The bombing was described officially as "most effective.' leaving Berlin aglow with flames visible IOO miles. * The RAF s four-engined heavyweights delaved their takeoff until after midnight for the second straight night to avoid the light of the waning moon, wiliest set at 2 30 a. rn., and sent their cargoes crash Invasion Traps Japs in Guinea By UNITED PRESS Thousands of Japanese faced death or surrender in the jungles of northeastern New Guinea today after a surprise invasion by Gen. Douglas MacArthur^ forces that pinned the enemy in the jaws of an Australian-American pincers and opened the way for a full-scale American naval thrust into the Bismarck sea. Striking unexpectedly under cover Nazis Weakening On Italian Front only few ing dow*n on Berlin •ours before dawn. Twenty-eight bombers were Sec AIR WAR. Pg. IO. Col. 8 Church Leader Succumbs Here ^ Mrs. R M White, prominent churchwoman and president of the district Baptist Women’s Missionary union, died at Hendrick Memorial hospital at 3:30 a rn. today after a few days’ Illness. lf Funeral has been set tentatively for 3 p.m. Tuesday at the University Baptist church with the Rev. W. O.. Vaught Jr., pastor, and the Rev. CJ A. Powell, former pastor now of Rule officiating. Mrs. White, whose only brother ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Algiers. Jan. 3—*/Pi—Heavy fighting raged north of Ortons where Canadian troops have fought their way to within nine miles and arltillen range of the strategic Adriatic port of Pescara, Allied headquarters announced today. Rain, snow and high winds limited ground operations elsewhere in Italy to patrolling, but strong forces of medium bombers attacked ral1 communications at Taggia. Ventimiglia and Arma Riva on the Italian Riviera yesterday, while other medium bombers attacked the rail yards al Ternl 49 miles northeast of Rome, causing explosions and fires. An air communique said fighters and fighter bombers earned "widespread damage" in sweeps against motor transports and rolling stock on roads in the battle area. As an official Allied statement said the Germans were showing signs of exhaustion after throwing divisions piecemeal Into the battle for Italy, (he Allied Fifth army gathered strength for a drive on Cassino and the road to Rome. British troops of the Fifth army it was announced, made a new bold foray across the Gariglano river, penetrating to (astel Forte and then withdrawing. The Germans “are waging a w ar of attrition, but the attrition has been heavier on their side." said an official review of the fighting in Italy. " Some German divisions have suffered such heavy, casualties sometimes up to 50 percent, that they have been unable to stay in the line more than two weeks.” As one of the worst snow, wind and sleet storms of the Italian campaign raged on the Eighth army front. Canadian troops captured San Tommaso, two miles west of Or* ona. it was announced yesterday. of a furious air and sea bombardment, veteran U. S. 6th army troops swarmed ashore early Sunday at Saidor, 55 miles below Madang and 115 males northwest of Finschhafen, and seized the harbor and air field without loss.    • The landing trapped a big Japanese force between Saidor and an advancing Australian column mov- j Ing northward from Nuzen 75 miles I to the southeast, and MacArthur an- ; Bounced triumphantly that the enemy troops are doomed to “disinte- j gralion and destruction." The invaders widened and deepened their beachheads all day Sunray without meeting even aerial retaliation from the stunned Japanese, who now face a two-pronged a'sault on their important coastal base at Madang. already threatened by Australian units closing in from the Ramu river valley. The landing, Hie third invasion thrust launched bv MacArthur In as many w'ceks, effectively cut the Japanese supply route from northeastern New' Guinea to Rabaul and other New Britain bases. Coupled with the Marine occupation of Cape. Gloucester, on the northwestern tip* of New Britain, it placed the Allies in firm control of the Vitiaz straits and promised free passage for big American warships into the Bismarck sea—hitherto firmly controlled by Japan's navy. Marine forces in the Cape Gloucester area continued to extend their positions around the captured airdromes, while Allied planes battered enemy positions along the island degree burns, were at the army hospital at Fort Hancock, N. J. There was no announcement regarding loss of life. The wartime complement of a destroyer, depend-j ing on the type, varies from 150 to : 300 men. The explosion, which occurred at 6:18 a. rn. (EWT), as the ship, which anchored three hours earlier six miles northeast of Sandy Hook, N. J., was preparing to move, was so terrific, the navy said, that men I were blown oversides. Tile Navy announced that 108 of the known survivors were injured, some * critically. Fifty-four were in the army hospital at Fort Hancock, 39 were being treated for bums, shock, and immersion at the section base at pier 6 of Staten Island, and ll were in the Marine hospital on Staten Island. Four were admitted to the Marine hospital Brooklyn. Fifty-five uninjured survivors were being cared for by the Red Cross at the coast guard station on Sandy Hook. All of the M in the army hospital at Fort Hancock had third degree burns. The Navy offered no explanation of the explosion which shook parts of New York City iu the hours just before dawn.** The announced location of the sinking, six miles northeast of j Sandy Hook, would place It only I two miles south of Rockaway point, the long island promontory marking the northern entrance to New York harbor. Fort Tilden .occupies the northern point, w'hile Fort Hancock sprawls along Sandy Hook. The whole German line from Korosten south to Berdichcv appeared to be crumbly beforeMhe Fritz von Mannstcins once imposing army of 22 divisions were being siasn a onslaught and the exhausted remnants of Gen. The Russian communique told of tremendous stores of Nazi war material being abandoned field guns, armored carriers, trucks, rolling stock and huge <11111111111111011 dumps mans were killed yesterday on this front alone. fleets of tanks, parks of and reported that more than 4.000 Ger- ^ —■. v f • f ' > ^ ' v* v.    — O    j-' ■"■■■»,■ I \    F? f ggrapy; yjr    LI ✓    . AmU141    a    y POLAND lCHicOgo Smolensk9 '..Moscow J J sovietI Kansas City Gomel There, the first Baltic HUNGARY County’s Bond Quota Smaller HERL IS THE RUSSIAN FRONT transposed to a map of the LI. S., to give you an idea of territory Red armies have retaken since their successive counter-offensive started to roll back the Germans. Dotted line at right indicates turthext German penetration, culminating with debacle at Stalingrad. Solid line at left approximates present front, with current drive west of Kiev progressing beyond Kansas City. coast. Taylor county’s Fourth War Loan J quota is $3,245,000. which is $737,000 under that for the Third drive, last j fall, C. NL Caldwell, county War Bond chairman, announced today. The Treasury department is stressing purchase of Series E bonds for this drive, which opened formally Jan. 18. and Taylor county’s quota for Series B is Sl.303,000. said Judge ( aid-well. Ile urged that salaried people buy an extra E bond. Caldwell expressed appreciation for the record hung up by Taylor county in December, when purchases were far enough above the quota of $246,300 to wipe out the November deficit and wind up the year 1943 well over the year—long War Bond quota. NO RELATION Sr*' .v- • >.-• MRS. R. M. WHITE Is Dr. Rupert N. Richardson, acting president of Hardin-Simmons university, was born Mabel Richardson at Caddo, Jan. 4, 1887. She was • iarried August 1906, and she and Tier husband moved to Mineral Wells in 1919 Coming to Abilene in ft)23, Mr. Rnd Mrs. White operated the Simmons Supply store until a few months ago. Mrs. White had been a member of the University Baptist church since coming to Abilene. She was past president of the bee MRS. WHITE, Pg. IO, Col. 5 ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Algiers. Jan. S.—iA*>—Several weeks ago the Fifth army captured a German private named Hitler Yesterday the same Allied troops captured another Nazi private named Goebbels (first name unavailable). The Fifth army reported that Private Goebbels hurried to dis claim all relationship with the German propaganda minister. Mf,, v- Wmmm y «• •> * ■ Income Tax Forms Go to 1942 Filers Income tax forms for 1943 returns are now being mailed tax payers who filed a return in 1942, by the collector of internal revenue, and should be received within the next few days. In making th cannouncement, H C. Broaddus, deputy in charge, reminded today that the office of the collector of internal revenue will now accept cash in payment as well as checks, money order or exchange for federal taxes. The office is located in room 304, federal building. THE WEATHER Allied Thrusts Into Adriatic Reported STOCKHOLM, Jan. , 3 - PP)- Aion the small islands cif the Dal-Budapest dispatch to the Stock- matian coast in the Adriatic. holms-Tidingen today said rumors The dispatch added that a large circulating in Belgrade said that the majority of the Partisans and guer-Allies were setting the stage for an rlllas operating against the Ger-invasion of Yugoslavia by making mans of Marshal Josip Broz (Tito), landings and establishing bridghcads Tile dispatch said many ol Tito’s __- ——-—-I    divisions    now    were    commanded    by Bank Deposits Rise 6 Millions (T„„______________________ bv the Federal Communications commission, quoted Stockholm sources as asserting that Gen. Kurt Ritzier chief of the German army general staff, and Gen. Alfreci Jodi, Adolt Hitler’s personal military adviser, had arrived at von Mann-stein’s headquarters on the Russian front. (Jodi, the broadcast said, had been given ‘very great powers” by Hitler, including authority to remove army commanders from their posts.)    • The rampaging Soviet forces also were reported advancing far to the north in White Russia. army was said to be less than I 45 miles from Latvia after storming 40 villages and killing 3,000 Nazis north and northwest of Neve I, in a drive helping to encircle the Ger-man-heki.bastion of Vitebsk. KAZI#’ AllNilT LOSS The Berlin radio finally ack now I* edged the loss of Zhitomir, which the Russians captured last week. Bv German account the Russian* w-erc attacking on an 80-mile front near that rail center in slush and mud caused by an unseasonable thaw. Fresh Russian attacks with five divisions were said to have penetrated German lines locally in the Dnieper bend southwest of Dnepropetrovsk. In the drive on Poland west of Korosten. Gen. Nikolai Vatutins northern wing yesterday swept up more than 150 towns and villages for a gain of 17 miles, the Moscow communique reported. Channel Fleet Massed-Nazis Allied officers, presumably American and British. Vatutin's southern wing, striking simultaneously, captured Anriree-vichi, 15 miles northeast of Novo-grad-Volynskl, important rail Junction, and was threatening that vital German stronghold with imminent encirclement. Other fast striking spearheads swept through areas northwest of Be idle he v, former headquarters of von Mamustein, and fall of that strategic center 25 miles below cap-nired Zhitomir was expected hourly, front dispatches indicated Severance of the Odessa-Warsaw line would leave the enemy with a few inferior escape roads from Odessa bilo Rumania and could conceivably produce another major German debacle. The Russian communique report- i rviMiwN tan a—p. ~ Yugoslav ! «* Uiat German rearguards were LONDON, Jan.    Jugoslav    UunchlnR «ceaseless” counter-at- Partisans have occupied half of ; ^ ^ ^ thR Rrea between Zhitomir Texas Windstorm Risk Rates Climb AUSTIN, Jan. 3.—(UP*—Rates for windstorm insurance in Texas were advanced todav as a result cl estimated $12,000,000 losses from the July hurricane In the Galveston-Houston district. This storm was the third disaster in three years. Commissioner Marvin Hall said, and -ndeJi hopes that I rates would not be changed ’v*?' •• jfc*    r, ■ < #3*    ' „. s mr- “NSUWmr lur HELL DIVING — Here s an idea of what Japs at Rabaul saw when 23 of the Navy s new Curtiss “Heildivers” screamed through some 80 Zeros and heavy flak barrage to leave Rabaul harbor an inferno of smashed ships. In photo above, landing barges circle as dive bomber roars idovMi on “enemy shore.” I V DI CVR! MI ST or COMMERCE W KAI IU I! HI HK V! ABILENE and Vicinity: Generally lair and warmer ihta afternoon, and tonight; Tuesday partly cloudy. EAST TEXAS Partly cloudy northeast, generally fair weft and south portion., warmer north and central portions this afternoon; generally fair, twit quite an cool west and aouth portion! tonight Tuesday partly cloudy WEST TEXAS Fair warmr- lo Pan handle thli afternoon partly cloudy tonight and Tuesday witht lowest tempera lures 20-25 degrees in Panhandle ,25-30 degree.- lr South Plaine and TI P" <o e*ea tonight Colder In Panhandle Tuesday. Higher-; temperature yesterday; city office. IS* airport, 47 Lowes' this morning airport. 33. I t MIM KA I I HK* Mon-Sun    Sun-Sat AM Hour PM 3*4 37    1    39 43 42    43 3ft 37 - 3— 43 43 43 12 42 41 40 40 IO Continuing the rapid upward spiral oecuring throughout the nation since war began, bank deposit* in Abilene at the end of ID43 totaled $29,339,645. an increase of $6 -544.188.32 over the Dec 31    1942 figure and $253,691.63 more than at the end of the third quarter of 1943. Total of loans and discounts reported by the two banks -the Fanners and Merchants National and tile Citizens National -was $1,429,199 97 as of Dec-. 31. 1943 as compared with $3,238,044.73 a \ear earlier. Three months ago, on the third quarter call of 1943. total of loans and discounts was $2,456,938.17. Total resources of the two banks at 1943’s Close was $30,093,817.82 as compared to $23,495,491.26 a tear earlier. Resources three months earlier totaled $30,085,953.37. city of Banjaluka, mining and ag rlcultural city in central bosnia and staff headquarters for the second German tank army entrusted with the delen.se of the Nazi-held Adriatic coast, the Yugoslav Liberation army announced today. Marshal Josip Broz (Tho a war bulletin, broadcast by the free Yugoslav radio and recorded by the Associated Pre**, declared that bloody fighting wa* raging in the streets of Banjaluka. and that many German officers and men have been taken prisoner. | The German garrison in Novo Mesic, 40 miles east of Zagreb in eastern Slovenia and 30 miles from jr Bbiir, the baby won Abilene s the Italian border, also was being am\uai stork derby and received besieged, and Titu s communique manv gifts, from merchants here. In- and Bere! ic he v in vain attempts to stem the Soviet advance. At no place were they successful, the bulletin said. New Year's Derby Winner Is 'Gifted' Three - day - old Martin James Vaughn. Abilene's New Year ba n", would probably be one of tile happiest little fellows in town lf he could count his many blessings. LONDON. Jan. 3. — (UP) — Gen. Sir Bernard L Montgomery arrived in England today to take over command of British field armies for the coming invasion of Europe. LONDON. Jan. 3 -(UP)—An invasion fleet of several hundred thousand tons Is being massed In British ports and the flow of reinforcements to southern England has increased, the German DNB agency said today amid indications Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower soon will arrive here to take over his second front command. DNB identified the invasion ships as "landing craft and transport vessels," but eave no further details of the purported Allied invasion preparations. “German circles are quite convinced," DNB commented, “that in the near future the British and Americans, despite the experience of Dieppe and other bloody failures, will make an attempt at a large-scale landing somewhere in Europe." German measures to counter the expected thrust have been intensified following the recent tour of invasion defenses by Marshal Erwin Rommel. DNB said. A huge number of guns of all calibers has been brought into position which ought to withstand even the heaviest shelling.” DNB said in an obvious attempt to persuade the Allies of the costliness of any Invasion attempt. "Other defensive measures, such as mining the sea and the coast, also have been completed in the past fit e months. Since autumn, an army for repelling the invasion has been provided, consisting of especially-proven eastern divisions in possession of all means for speedy mobile offensive deployment.” 13 Nippon Planes Downed »n Battle NEW DELHI. Jan. 3.—(Pf—Allied aircraft shot down 13 Japanese planes and probably destroyed and damaged several others in a brisk air fight over southern Burma Dec. 31, Admiral Lord LouL Mountbatten’s Son of Mr. and Mrs. M. L VaUK,m headquarters announced today said all German attempts to break out had failed. The attack on Banjaluka late on New Year s c\c and took the city offlc*. 3ft 37 37 37 37 37 37 3X 39 37 . 37 37 -3ft lift 3ft-3fi -36 aft 40 16 49 47 43 40 39 38 37 3ft Bulgaria Isolated ISTANBl L, Turkey, Jan. 2— (Delayed I — I AP) —All telephone and telegraph communications with Bulgaria were broken off today, and it wax rumored that the Bulgarian government of Premier Dorbi Bojilov had fallen. eluded were A chende spread, a crib 'set. $5 in war stamps, a $5 bill in a loaf of bread. 30 quarts of milk. a w a s free ride home with his mothei in an ambulance, jewelry, a baby book, German garrison b.v surprise. 'I he R b<M)k on care of th( baby. promis city lies 42 miles north of the town ^ a photograph, and a permanent of J ajee, reportedly main headquur- wftvp {or hls mother. ters of Marshal Titos army stall,    Martin    James    has    a    sister, and is the southern terminus of a Sherry Neu 22-month.s old. He Is the military railway running from Zag- t,ran(lson of Mr and jvirs. R. J. reb to the Vrbas river.    smith of Tye and M. L. Vaughn Sr 333 Highland. His father is an ac- 39 Sunrise this* morning Sunset tonight ..... .ft ll Hap Ward Dies NEW YORK Jan. 3.—(.Tr—"Hap’ Ward, 76. veteran actor-producer and close friend of the late George M. Cohan, died today at his home here of a heart ailment The Yugoslav communique reported hard but inconclusive fight-    at    Mead's    bakery. mg throughout eastern Bosnia, Hercegovina and Montenegro, with ti ie Partisans on the offensive in the two latter provinces. The German high comm and Sunday claimed the capture of the island of Mljet off the Dalmatian Tile communique said the battle broke out when Japanese aircraft attempted to attack Allied light coastal forces which were returning to bases from operations including a bombardment of Japanese defense positions on Ramree island off the coast of Burma. Tokyo Claims U. S. Transports Sunk By the XvAociated Press An impelial communique broadcast today from Tokyo declared without Allied confirmation that Japanese aircraft had sunk a med-tum-slzed transport and at least one I Miialler one off Cape Merkus, New Britain, on Friday morning. The communique, recorded by the Associated Press, also reported that Flames Destroy Bank at Odessa ODESSA Jan 3—(A* Fire start- a formation of 106 Allied planes had X.'nAlorton in ,h. h»t- ’attempted" to attack K,i\len*. Now I?!- ...    ""tv    unit.    rutted th. Hr,t National Ireland Wand. New Vc: > morn..-.. the Japanese high command &W* coast rn —-------- was regarded as a renewed flurry    ing unit gutted the First of Nazi naval activity reflecting    bank building yesterday. Ten per ,    -    ____.    t their nervousness over the possi-    sons working in the building escaped witted loss of seven planes    but ae bility of an Allied Balkan invasion    unharmed. Damage was estimated by that route.    st $20,000. serted IO of the attackers were shot down. » ;