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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 2, 1944, Abilene, Texas r Sum 1\w=b ®f)E Htrilene Reporter r! RST IM W RST TFX AS    ^ SUNDAY Of! ?. FIEST ZN WEST TEXAS L. LXIII, NO. 199 WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE IO FRIFSDS OR FOES W F SKI ICH YOUR WORLD I X VCI LY AS I I COLS -Bunn A TEXAS 2-uu, NEWSPAPER ABILENE. TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 2, 1944 - THIRTY PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS AuocM't Pro. MPI United rm, ftl.PJ PRICE FIVE CENTS_ Allies Launch ’UU Gaining on All Fronts Marines txpand tapeHold * advanced allied HEADQUARTERS, New Guinea, Sunday, Jan. 2--(AP, —Marines, pushing a milt , and a half beyond the airdrome in expanding their hole on Cape Gloucester, New Britain, have counted more than 1.000 Japanese dead and General MacArthur^ headquarters said “the total (enemy' KING PETER ll casualties are estimated at many times this figure. The estimates included wounded removed to areas still held by the apanese and to slain troops bur-ed the day the invasion opened a week ago today. The enlargement of the American hold on that Northwestern New Britain base was largely a defensive move, intended to provide additional room in which to meet any Japanese counterattacks. Offensively, the Fifth Airforce struck a 253-ton bombing blow at the Japanese North-M western New Guinea base of ~ Madang; the Solomons airforce, which already has bagged more than IOO enemy planes at Ra-baul since Dec. 23. added 20 more during a 30 ton bombing of that Northeastern New Brit-^ aln fortress; and 12 enemy raiders were shot down during attacks on Arawe, the Southwest New Britain sector which the Allies invaded Dee. 15. ^ In the western sector OI the Cape dMoucester position, Japanese counterattacks were repulsed at Tauali. A single plane Thursday night attempted one of the few enemy air raids made since the invasion. Sixty miles to the southwest at ^trawe, P- 7s tangled with Japanese dive bombers and fighters in numerous single actions, downing eight bombers and four fighters for certain and probably two other fighters No Allied losses were listed. Nineteen Liberators of the Solo-fnon* airforce, escorted by fighters, ®were opposed by heavy anti-aircraft fire and between 80 and 90 Japanese fighters as they raided Ra-baul Friday noon. Many fires were started with the 78.000 pounds of exposives. # A spokesman for Adm. William F. Halsey said 20 enemy fighters were shot down for certain and six others probably destroyed. His figures were * based on reports received after * General MacArthur* communique was Issued today, listing 12 enemy losses. One raiding bomber was lost and several were damaged but Nipponese planes failed again to hit the liberators with aerial phosphorous bombs At the Hour of the Rabaul ra»d, a Solomon force of IR unescorted Mitchells dropped 72 light bombs snd many iragmentation clusters Ion Japan’s long inoperative Kahili airdrome on the south coast of Bougainville. The 253-ton strike on Madang. spread over gun positions, supply and bivouac areas, was aimed at the «n*xf big Japanese New Guinea bie-e Anorth w est of Huon peninsula on which Australian jungle troops are steadily advancing. Those troops, reported today to have reached a point some 65 miles north of Fin-schhafen, are approximately IOO tm lies from Madang but in the Rarnu valley another Australian fu Lf is within 35 miles of that enemy shipping base. _ To Release Cans ^eter on Secret Mission; Expect Balkan ’Break’ ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Jan. I—(AP)—American Filth Army troops, fighting in the jagged hills east of San Vittorio, have sci zed j three more heights, it was announced today, and the Canadian spearhead on the Adriatic coast has driven another mile toward Pescara.    YEAR'S GAINS AGAINST THE JAPANESE — Outstanding Headquarters also announced that    . atainst    the japs during 1943 were the American cap- Br.tish raiders who penetrated be-    KH”1* against    u t up    g hind the German lines at the    lure of Attu,    Kiska. the Gilberts, most of the    Solomons and    ^      v mouth of the Garigliano river Wed-    the Allied push up New Guinea culminating in    the American    fluent prediction nesday night had demolished an invasion of New Britain. Arrows indicate Allied drives, or J further today by ti potential drives.    (AP    Wirephoto) LONDON. Jan. I—i/P) King Peter youthful exiled monarch of Yugoslavia who has been disavowed by the partisan. Marshal Josip Bvoz (Tito*, was reported to have left Cairo for a “secret destination" today and reports arose immediately that some Ba'kan development was imminent. It was recalled that a spokesman for “regular’’ guerrilla army under Gen. Mihailovic probably would not be thrown into the current battle against the invading Germans until an Allied army invades the Balkans. The possibility was not overlooked, also, that King Peter’s trip might foreshadow an effort to settle the tangled affairs of his kingdom. Although there was no definite hint as to the purpose of his mysterious trip, it was recalled also that Peter conferred with Allied leaders during last month s historic Cairo conferences Unofficial Yugoslav .sources here said they doubted the monarch was returning to Yugoslavia in an c*ort to unite the rival guerrilla armies. Presumably these sources based their belief on the Dec. 22 manifesto of Tito’s national council of liberation which “deprived’’ Peter s government of all rights and 'forbade’’ the king to return until his homeland had been liberated. Both the United States and Britain, however, still recognize the exiled government although most of the recent Allied aid to Yugoslavia has gone Into Tito's armies because they have been doing the heaviest fighting against the Nails. important railway and highway bridge which would have served the j enemy for a retreat to the Appian ! way a few hundred yards north of the river. The commando tactics of the British inflicted a number of rasualties on the Germans and resulted in the capture of prisoners who were brought back to the Fifth Army. The communique called it a “daring raid.’’ The headquarters of Gen. Sir Harold Alexander, Allied rommander in Italy, gave no further details. The plodding advances by the Americans and Canadians were made despite defiant German resistance and almost intolerable physical conditions. Miserable See ITALY, Pf. g, Col. 2 Quiet Holiday For Abilene Contradictory reports came from Berlin and Tito’s headquarters on the bitter fighting raging along the 400-mile Ii ugoslav front. Berlin, claiming the sixth, major Nazi offensive to crush the guerrillas finally has turned to Berlin victories, said thai partisan activity j in Bosnia and Montenegro a.s well as in Albania had been “thoroughly liquidated.’’ Tito’s daily broadcast communi-1 que gave no hint of defeat, claiming instead that his partisan bands were maintaining their offensives in Hercegovina, Montenegro and parts of Bosnia and registering new successes elsewhere. Red Journal Says Jap Advantage Past MOSCOW, Jan I */P»—’The Soviet trade journal “War and the Work- * ing Class ’ asserted today that ( “Japan has lost the strategic in-j itiative’’ in ...e Pacific and her “temporary advantage is a thing of the past.'’ The article, reviewing Japanese-German relations, said Japan must now recall the Oriental proverb: “He who mounts a tiger cannot easily dismount." "In any case,’’ the article continued. “Japan cannot count now on effective assistance from Ger- Without much noise and fanfare 1943 bowed out of the picture in Abilene and police reported "the quietest holiday in several years.’’ One major accident marred the year's end night when Rita Turner and Lt. Harold Lawson were struck by an automobile on South First street near the high school building. Miss Turner was hospitalized at Hendrick Memorial where attendants said last night that she was j doing nicely. She is being treated for fractures of the skull, and Jaw and a chest injury. Lieutenant Lawson Is being treated at the Camp Barkeley base hospital for a fractured leg. According to police Miss Turner and Lieutenant Lawson were members of a party of four who had alighted fro:, a taxi ant} were crossing the street. Hie car. in which a Lieutenant Holies Lieutenant Long, Mrs Holies and Mrs. Long were riding, was traveling west when it struck the pedestrians. Lieutenant Hoiles reported the accident to Abilene police. Abilene New Years celebrants were few. police said. with only two persons being arrested for being . drunk. Arrests of soldiers by military police were also few, police said. One group of soldiers were arrested when they started to drive away in a captain's car. 1943 Bomber Losses Under Four Percent LONDON, Sunday, Jan. 2—(AP)—The Britain-based I nited State* Eighth Airforce destroyed 4,100 German fighter planes during 1943 and dropped 55.000 tons of bombs on Nazi-occupied Europe at an over all loss of less than four per cent. Lt. Gen. Ira C. Faker, commander of the group, reported today before taking up his new post as Allied aerial commander in the Mediterranean. Stressing the rapid increase in the operations of the unit the Eighth Air Force revealed that a new secret method of bombing through clouds, thus over-coming bad winter weather, had enabled the Mnericans to drop a record load of 12.000 tons of bombs in IO raids during December. This was more than double the weight dropped in November and rough-h 30 per cent more than the total tonnage for the first six months of 1943. General Laker, in his report which was broadcast to the United States, said that in the last two raids by the Eighth Air Force, approximately 1.590 planes were used—more than half of them four-engined bombers. Underscoring the growth of the force the General compared thia number with 53 Flying Fortresses which raided Wil-helmshaven almost a year ago. Jan. 27, 1943. More Bombs Fall as Air Tempo Grows LONDON, Jan. I—(AP) — — The Allied invasion command worked with quiet urgency and without a pause for the holiday today, in line with Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower! slogan promising victory in Europe this year, as squadrons OI Allied planes again swept over the channel to drop smothering loads o f bombs on Nazi defenses. The invasion commander’s conli was enhanced the promise of Belgian Premier Hubert Picrlot that his country would be liberated of its Nazi Invaders within “a few months.’’ A steady procession of Allied fighters and fighter-bombers went over the “invasion coast" of Europe today in a tactical follow-up of yesterday’s American strategic bombing of two fcall-bearing plants at Ivry and Bois de Colombes in the Paris suburbs and two Nazi air-bases near Cognac in West-Central France. SEEKS RE-ELECTION — Bascom Gilts, commissioner of the land office Saturday hocamc the first stale official to file formally for a place on the 1944 Democratic ballot, seeking a third term. Sector Gets Slow Soaker, Inch Fall Here Reds Only 21 Miles Of Border LONDON, Sunday, Jan. 2— (AP)—Red army troops—cap-1 italizing on the greatest German military debacle since I Stalingrad — lunged to with-I in 27 miles of the pre-war Polish border yesterday in pursuit of demoralized German troops who were throwing away their guns, Moscow announced early today. Inflicting huge losses on the Nazis, Gen. Nikolai Vatutin's first Ukrainian army captured Belokoro-vichi on the Kiev-Warsaw railway, and also began an enveloping drive on Movograd Volynski, a rail and highway junction less than 20 miles from Poland. Novograd Volynski is the last German stronghold barring the way to a Red army smash into Poland. WASHINGTON, Jan. I — T) — The War Food administration plans soon to release about 440.000 cases, or about 20.000,000 pounds, of canned pork and beans for sale in civi-1 many. ’ jian channels.    ThP    comment    was    the    most    out- I This stock is to come from sup- spoken yet made here on the Pa-' previously set aside for war j cific war in which the Soviet union War Bond Sales Top Quota for December With war bond sales totaling $76 -092.25 on the final day of the month. Taylor county surpassed its December quota with plenty to spare. The December sales aggregated $315,654 75 against a quota of $246,-300 C. M Caldwell, chairman of the county war finance committee, expressed his appreciation last night for the way Taylor countiaus pitched in to make the month!v drive a success. Caldwell said that lie had not been notified what the fourth war Loan drive goal in January will be. Americans, he said, were the first to send fighter planes over Germany itself and he declared pilots of the Eighth Air Force meeting the Germans on their home ground had shot them down at a rate oi 3 to I Eaker said tile Germans had concentrated nearly 70 per cent of their fighters in the west—more than double tile number on the Russian and Mediterranean fronts combined— but he added “men of tile Eighth Air Force never have been turned away from their targets by enemy action.” The tonnage dropped during December constituted about a quarter of the Eighth Air Force's tonnage for the entire year. The American force \car's activities include these accomplishments: Established the feasibility of high-altitude, da.\ light proc'1 ion bombing against the enemy's toughest opposition; Blasted a half dozen main Nazi submarine bases, helping to win the battle of the Atlantic: Developed a powerful and unprecedented long-range fighter escort svstem which helped drive home telling blow s against German war iii -dustrv and the Nazi air force—with 3 000 German planes shot down to the loss of about 1.000 American bombers and 150 fighters; Transformed the Marauder medium bomber from the “ugly duckling.” criticized in some quarters Vt unsafe, to an effective short-range. one-ton bomber with a record of lest than one per rent In looses; And proved that the revolutionary heavy P-47 Thunderbolt the hlgh-altitude. long-range fighter, is better than any plane the Germans could send up against it. Tile pace of IO raids a month -two and a half times better than the number for December, 1942—was attained during only three previous months and during favorable weather, showing that the American force has conquered the seasonal weather problem as far as flying is concerned. Winter bombing results undoubtedly will be short of clear weather I effectiveness, however. Twice In one month the Americans broke their record for the number nf both heavy bombers and fighters sent. out on one operation, dispatching forces estimated at 600 to 800 heavy bombers and nearly as many fighters. During the year the heavy bomber fnrrc grew from little more than IOO planes at four bases to more than 1,000 arrayed among IOO- % odd fields. The weight of bombs dropped for every bomber lost although that is not a conclusive evidence of success n ore than doubled during the year. The heavy bombers made 95 raids during the year Just ended, bombing about 200 targets. During December the Eighth Air Force destroyed more than 330 German planes at a lass of 168 heavy bombers. Some of the invasion commanders have already arrived here—notably Lt. Gen. Carl A. Spaatz, who will    conn rand American strategic bombing of Europe and are busy with conferences and arrangements for bringing in the other officers that will complete Eisenhower’* team. Shortly after arriving. Spaat* conferred with L. Gen. Ira C. Faker, rommander of the Britain-based Eighth Air force who is being transferred to the Mediterranean theater. Contrary to what always had been the practice in this theater but In line with the practice always observed during Elsenhower's command of the Mediterranean, today s air communiques dealt with operations of the day before One joint Air Ministry-U. S Air Force communique announced that “strong forces'* of U. f* Marauder bombers and RAP and Allied medi-| urn, light and fight cr-bombers at- 8c* BOMBINGS, Pg X, Col. 5 Nation Has Many Violent Deaths By The Associated Press The nation's new year weekend celebration passed the half-way mark near midnight Saturday night marred by at least 112 violent deaths Of the fatalities reported since 6 p rn , Friday , an Associated press survey showed that 79 were the , result of traffic accidents and 33 j from other causes, including fire,; gunshot, suffocation and drowning, i The normal toll for the three-day holiday period would range between 225 and 275 lives lost in traffic accidents, the National Safety Council estimated. California, with 13 traffic deaths. led the nation in the number o' highway fatalities. New York led from all causes with 16 deaths. Texas had a Ringle fatality, the result of a traffic accident. Williamson Plans Farm Cooperation plies requirements. is neutral. HARTIN VAUGHN IS ’ABILENE’S 1944 STORK DERBY WINNER I Martin James Vaughn arrived at St Ann hospital yesterday at 2:39 pm to capture annual to capture Abilene* New Year’s stork derby. Martin, son of Mr. and Mrs, M L. Vaughn, 918 Blair, was literally Aorn with a silver spoon in his Tnouth in the form of many presents from Abilene merchants. The New Year’s contest winner is the second child in the Vaughn family. He lias a sister, Sherry |Neai. 22-months old. I His father is an accountant at Meads bakery ~nd his grandparents are Mr. aud Mrs. J. F Smith of Tye and Mr. and Mrs. M. L, Vaughn. 333 Highland The baby weighed eight pounds and six and three-fourths ounces. He was the first boy to be born on Mr. Vaughn's side of the family in 24 years. Second in the contest was a boy born to Mr. and Mrs. Herman Smith 9'n Cherry, at Hendrick Memorial at 6 07 pm. yesterday. THE WEATHER i a. our auth*. or com writer tt K ATHER HI Kl VI ARII IN r AND VICINITY:    (loud' and rain *-unda>. Parti} cloudy and warm cr Monday. KA>T Tfr \ Vs: C liidd». rain nrcpt In ntrrmi’ northwrnt |w»rt(on I .Miler on liinrr mad ’•(Imlay. Monday parti* rlolldy, wnnr»rr_ '•Iron, wind* fin the matt dtmtnl*hlnK Sunday night and Mon day ti r-.T TFX Ah:    Partly cloudy ha«da> and Monday.    higher afternoon temperature* rr MPI It A TI HIX AM Kid. HUI R hat TM I. Cl 4.1 ti ti 45 . 43 ti 4(1 40 -at. tv    —    14 45    —    aa ...... 5 44    —    It.. .....3 ll    —    ll ....... I 41    —    IO ....... 5 in    —    SO ..... * to    —    J* ........I. IO    —    30      0 to    —    20........ M 40    —    *»........ID........ 41    —    14....... II........ ti    —    IO    .. .    12....... High and low temperature* to ft 15 and 40. High and Iou tame date la*t year and ti. •»nn*et la*! night: 45.46 hunrUe lh!* morning Ii IO. auntet tonight; 6:46. Iii. til 54 AA AV At 53 ill 45 th til 4(1 4fi rn.— Vandegrift Takes Command of Marines WASHINGTON, Jan I —t/P -Century-old tradition, with a serenade and toasts quaffed in ho? buttered rum, was observed by the Marines corps todav as Lt Gen Alexander V Vandegrift became 18th commandant of the corps. It was in 1801 — or about that time — that the Marine band first stood before the quarters of the commandant and played stirring martial mu. :c as a new Marine chief took office. Vandegrift who commanded troops which drove the Japanese from Guadalcanal, and lead the Invasion at Empress Augusta Ba.* on Bougainville, succeeded Lt Gen. Thomas C Holcomb, who immediately was f omnussioneri as a full general the first four-star general in the Marines. Continues Subsidy WASHINGTON, Jan I — <JP> -The War Food administration announced today the continuation of its dairy subsidy program through january with a boast in minimum rate* to help compensate for a recent nine-cent-a-bushel increase in the ceiling price of corn. FEA lakes Over Foods Program WASHINGTON. Jan. I Th — leo T. Crowley’s Foreign Economic administration took over today all the foreign food development and buying operations formerly handled by the Department of Agriculture's Commodity Credit Corporation and the War Food Administration, it was learned authoritatively. The FEA Is ex (lect od to make an oficial announcement of the move Monde . The shift compiles with President Roosevelt's executive order of October 6 which direc ted the change out did not specify the date of transfer, Buys Oil Company DALI,AS Jan I    JR Stoddard independent oil operator said today he had purchased the Circle Oil compa iy of Houston and , its 52 wells in Texas, Oklahoma. and Louisiana for a cash consideration of $1,SOC.OOO The ria sfrr became effective at midnight last night, said Stoddard. He said the properties had an estimated reserve of 4,000,000 barrel*. DALLAS, Jan 1 I* H H Williamson recently appointed ag-ricultural relations adviser to the Office of Price Administration, said today he planned to work with tarmers as much as posMble throng*) farmer organizations and agricultural educational agencies. "We want the farmers to know more about what OPA is truing to accomplish and we want our outfit | to know more about Hie farmers I problems." Williams said. ‘To do I this. we are going to use the farm ' facilities which already are in use and we’re going to w’ork with the ; farmer. Not for or against him." Williamson said he planned conferences sometime in February I with farm leaders of Texas and I Ohio in Dallas and Cleveland. Haggard to Edit Amarillo Magazine WACO. Jan I bP CT W Hag- I I gard has resigned his position as executive secretar of the Texas Farm Bureau Federation and editor of its state paper, the Federation office said today. Haggard early next week will begin editing | the Producer-Consumer magazine at Amarillo and take up work as educational director of the farmer I cooperatives which sponsor that I publication, tile Federation an-1 ! nouncement said. • * * G W. Haggard is a former Abi-ienian, having taught Journalism at Abilene high school prior to accepting the position with Texas p?arm Bureau Federation. j J Following one of the driest years ; in recent history in which only 18.49 inches of moisture was received. 1944 came rolling in on low flying clouds which left 1.03 Inches of moisture to establish a 58-year I record for New Year's day.    , The precipitation, hailed as a "million dollar” rain by many farmers and stockmen, fell slowly with almost no runoff and was highly beneficial to small grain crops and pastureland. Stock tanks, however, were not greatly benefitted by the soaking moisture Nolan, county received at least an inch of lain yesterday and a good rain was reported in Fisher county. W H. Green, local weather observer. wild last night that yesterday's rain measured .39 of an inch more moisture than received on Jan. I over a 58-year period, I In 1886 a tra''* of moisture was received and another trace was re-! corded in 1895. Forty-three one-hundredths of an inch came in 1903 and In 1906 .02 fell. In 1926. ii9 was measured and damp days, recorded as “traces” was recorded in 1917, 1930. 1936 and 1942. Abilene's yearly average rainfall | is slightly over 25 Inches, j In other sections of Texas slow I rams, which at some points turned ; 1 to snow or alternated with sleet, brightened agricultural hopes by bringing welcome moisture. Rain and sleet fell at Denison. 1 rain turned to snow at Plainview and at. Amarillo, and the Amarillo weather bureau warned that, livestock in that Panhandle section be protected last night (Saturday) against slightly below freezing temperatures, Tile precipitation brought .62 moisture to the Plainview area. O'lier readings were: Dallas .68. Fort Worth .52 San Antonio 87. Houston .18. Big Spring .44, San Saba 1.67. Electra I inch. Temperatures reported to the Dallas weather bureau at 4:30 pm Saturday ranged upward to the high sixties from 32 degrees registered at such points as Amarillo and Pampa. Ranges were put in excellent winter condition by the rain at Big Spring. Other points reporting light rain included Paris. Pampa. Wichita Fall u Lubbock, Waco, Austin, Corpus Christi, Beaumont, Sulphur springs, and Texarkana. Clarendon had light snow. Aa the advance of Vatutin's men threatened the possible entrapment of 50 German divisions In the southern Ukraine, Russian guerrillas operating behind the Nazi lines were revealed to be wrecking key enemy rail lines and trains in the region of the Rumanian border. The Russian war bulletin, recorded here by the Soviet monitor, also announced that Gen. Ivan Bagramian’s first Baltic army had swept through 28 more villages west and northwest of Nevel. reaching point* within 50 miles of the Latvian border. On the ninth day of the great break-through toward Poland find Rumania by Gen. Vatutin’s men th* communique said the Russians had captured 300 more villages and hamlets Hundred* of Germans wer* being mowed down in flight or taken prisoner, it added. 'Hie Germans were abandoning big guns. hundreds of trucks and great stores of ammunition as th* Russians plunged on til rough gap* torn in a 200-mile stretch of th* German east wall. With the capture of Belokoro-viehi, an important rail renter, the first Ukrainian army had advanced some 28 miles beyond Koro*ten at the northwestern end of the Kiev salient. Vatutin's army also was moving on Berdichev. another key rail center 25 miles below cap-tured Zhitomir. In all the war bulletin said 1.500 Germans were killed in the Kiev salient. Front dispatches told of the Germans retreating so fast they left decorated Christmas trees in their quarters while th* scope of the Nazi demoralization was underlined by the Soviet communique’s reference to tile routing of a German divisional headquarters. Belokorovlchi, a rail center, Is 28 miles beyond Korosttn and the same distance from the old Polish border. The communique also announced that Gen. Ivan Bagramians first Baltic army had captured 28 populated areas west and northwest of Nevel in a renewed drive toward. Latvia, ether Red army units were ttgli telling their hold on Vitebsk below Nevel. Born in Different Years, But Twins BALTIMORE, Jan I -(AWThey weren't even born the same year, yet they arr twins. Kathleen Rowan, daughter of Mr. and Mrs Leo Rowan, made her debut with just three minutes of old IS4j left to run, and twta-slster Mary Rowan followed suit when 1944 was just three minutes old. Attendant:    at    St.    Joseph's    hos pital .said it was the first case of the kind in their experience. West Texans Win Temporary Advance WASHINGTON’, Jan. I <T— Tile War Department today announced temporary promotions of officers, including 13 Texans, including: CAPI. TO MAJ. Dcnton-Robert Lucas, Conrod, TO El Paso-Harold Chamberlain Stull ! E, SECOND UT. TO FIRST UT. Amarillo - Lynn Carroll Tomlinson, Int. Selman City - Maurice Alton Yow'ell, AC. I Uvalde-Emmett Eugene Capt, Jr. I I Wichita Falls - Jack Bernard 1 Robbins, AC. JOURNAL SAYS JAP ISLANDS IO BECOME U. S. POSSESSIONS j transformed some of the Islands J into heavily fortified bases. The Cairo meeting of President I Roosevelt, Generalissimo Chung ; Kai-shek and Prime Minister i Churchill pledged to strip Japan of the Pa-1 the ilsands. but the communique I made no specific reference of their These    are    the    strategic, former    disposition. Japan was not men- German    colonies of    the    Mariannas,1 Honed in the communique rom the Marshalls and Caroline islands. Teheran conference, in whfcn : regarded to Japan by the League ring Stalin of Russia, Cann hill of Nation* under mandate. She has and the President participated. WASHINGTON. Jan I— n — llir Army and Navy Journal sa>s that Allied leaders at the Cairo and Teheran conference agreed that the United States should get the Japanese mandated islands in cific atter the war. ;