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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 27, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND SCORE 9Ver-oll quota Total Soles Series E quota Series E Sales $3,245,000.00 4.112.835.00 1,303,000.00 1.375.875.00 Wijt Abilene Reporter -iirtus WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES”-Bvron SUNDAY VOL. LXIII, NO. 255 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS,SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 27, 1944 -52 PAGES IN FOUR SECTIONS Associated Press (AP) United Press (U.PJ PRICE FIVE CENTSGermans Lose 15,000 ab Anzio Pacific Plotter War Grows J5 “ . i, r , Centers Hit OII All Fronts By Bombers irrvwAnn Mil.I .IM AK    J LONDON, Fob. 26—(AP) — Giant fires burned themselves By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor ^ American destroyers shelled Kavieng for the third time and bombers blasted the heart of Rabaul, Gen. Douglas Mac- j out jn Augsburg tonight and Arthur announced today as Axis radios reported a violent ruins of at least 14 other battle was being fought for Guam. The United States Navy department offered neither confirmation nor denial of a Berlin broadcast that a fight “for possession of the Pacific isle of Guam” has been underway for days. Destroyers, unhampered by I Japanese warships or planes, I sank one ship and left two in j flames in Kavieng harbor on the northern tip of New Ireland, about 650 miles south of Truk. Another cargo vessel was left sinking off nearby LTew Hanover island. ® Japanese were reported pulling out of both Kavieng and Rabaul, where Adm. William F. Halseys bombers turned from blasting her airdromes to hitting ‘ the weakening enemy base” in the city itself. M munitions dump, a power plait and many buildings were demolished and a score of fires started. On the opposite flank of the Bismarck sea medium bombers and attack planes destroyed IO f Japanese aircraft at the Wewak air center on New Guinea, damaged 13 others, hit ten barges and silenced four gun positions. R. M. Wagstaff Opens Campaign Robert M Wagstaff, former Texas legislator. World War I veteran and Abilene civic leader yesterday announced as a candidate for congress from this 17th district now represented by Sam Russell of Stephenville, who has announced for his third term. Tile announcement climaxed several days of humors and specula- More than 2,000 miles north of Jirewak. Tokyo radio said in a moadcast yesterday American -naval formations are attacking Guam. Only previous recent mention of Guam, former U. S. outpost captured by the Japanese in the first week of the Pacific war, was in Adrn. Chester W. Nimitz’ Friday communique when he reported the island was attacked by the same carrier forces that raided strong enemy bases at Saipan and Tinian Tuesday. All three islands ere In the Southern Marianas, about 1,400 miles south of Tokyo. * Saipan and Timan are the only    wagstarr Two nearbf islands from which the    R    M-    WAGSTAFF Japanese could send aim to Guam.    during    which    friends    of Wag_ The next nearest ate    staff here and elsewhere in the dis- to the southweatt ih' trict were known to be urging him southwest, and Truk 640 to    1 centers of German aircraft production gave smouldering evidence of the greatest sustained aerial onslaught in history — an onslaught that a high American high force i spokesman said had now ren-' dered Nazi factories unable to keep up with combat losses. The offensive which began one week ago tonight with 2.300 long tons of bombs hurled on Leipzig by the RAF. was rounded out with a 1.700-ton RAF overnight blow' against Augsburg. The week's bomb tonnage was estimated at 17,500 dropped by the Americans and RAF together. Operations went into a temporary lull today, with Typhoon patrols over the French coast as the only activity reported. These cost the Nazis two planes. But in the week of sustained assaults, by the RAF at night and the U. S. Army Air Forces by day, the German aircraft industry has suffered its greatest losses of the war. The American spokesman disclosed that since Jan. I twin-engined fighter production in the Reich has been cut 80 percent and single engined fighter production 60 percent. These figures may be revised upward as they are based on latest reconnaissance and are still only preliminary. Helsinki Given [nemy Shifts FOTO Another Heavy r r.    i    *,, i Bombing by Reds For Renewed Attack STOCKHOLM, sunday, Feb. 27-!    ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, Feb.    26—(AP)    — UP>—A Russian aerial force various- The Germans have suffered about 15,000 casualties on the ly estimated to include from IOO to beachhead at Anzio since the Allied landing Jan. 22 and the 200 planes raided Helsinki last night    VT    . .    ..    , and at least 30 fires were said to bo 10 Na/I divisions there have now been thrown temporary blazing in the Finnish capital, ie- on the defensive while they are regrouping, an Allied spokcs- ports reaching here today said. man announced tonight. Seven hours after the alarm was    spokeslTian    reviewing    the    Anzio    situation “now that SS: the enemy’s first reaction is over,” said that the German ed down. The Finnish city of Turku casualty figures    included 2.81b prisoners, also was without telephone contact The German    attacks on the Allied positions    on    the    beach front 9:30 to 10:30 pm. last night, head have been “supported by a larger weight of artillery sounde^meie1    thgn had been encountered hitherto in the African and Ital- Finnish informants here estimat- ian campaigns, the spokesman said, hut he addr cl that the ed that the Russians carried out the attack with 200 bombers. Reports reaching the Swedish press placed the size of the raiding force at ap proximately IOO planes. Russian planes were said to have penetrated to the center of Helsinki. An indication of the attack was given when telephone service between the Finnish capital and Stockholm was broken at 6 p.m. and conenctions had not been restored at midnight. Tile attack came as the Finnish government was reported considering Russian armistice terms.  _the ^outheast. The wording of the broadcasts suggest an amphibious action, but it is similar to the vague terminology previously used in Tokyo broadcasts to describe _ the carrier-borne air attacks * and naval bombardments. The reports wouldn't be worth noting if It weren't for the surprising succession of daring strokes by American forces in seizing the most westerly Marshall inlands, raiding Truk and ™ bombing the Marianas. to enter the race. "Later in the campaign.’* said Wagstaff in authorizing his name to be put forward as a candidate, "I shall outline the platform upon which my candidacy will rest, and make an active campaign of the 12-county district.” * • * Born in Abilene 51 years ago, See WAGSTAFF, Page 7, C ol. 2 Merged Defense • Plan Strengthened The greatest damage of all was probably done in the past week, he said, when the Eighth U. S. Air Force alone dropped 7.935 tons of bombs in Germany — a greater amount than that force dropped during its entire first year of operations in the European theater. With the tonnage of the Italy-based 15th U. S. Air Force, the American total rose to 9.425. The spokesman expressed belief that Germany had last her last hope of maintaining a successful air defense. She cannot prevent the strategic bombing of any target in German} , he declared, coupling this flat assertion with a promise that Allied operations would increase a.-, the year progressed. In yesterday's attacks by the Eighth from Britain and the 15th I from Italy, the American forces 1 threw more than 1,200 heavy bomb-I ors and from 1.000 to 1.100 fighters against the German air force and I its factories. tm Coupled with this is Nimitz re cent remark, as he looked at the Pacific islands. “I want them all:” WASHINGTON. Feb. 26 — the failure of American task ‘orc^ Authoritative reports that backing find the Japanese cf ,    I    has    developed    in    high    military    quai- seeming collapse of Rabaul. keystone of Japan's Southwest Pacific defense. ^ward Air Medal lo Coleman Flier Second Lt. Raby L. Jeanes of Coleman has been awarded the Air Medal by Lt. Gen George C. Kenney, commander of the Allied Air Forces in the Southwest Pacific area, according to an Associated Press dispatch from the Southwest Pacific general headquarters. I His citation: For meritorious achievement while participating in sustained operational flight missions in the Southwest Pacific area, during which hostile contact was probable and expected. These operations con-Tisted of long range bombing missions against enemy airdromes and installations and attacks on enemy naval vessels and shipping. ters for consolidation of land, sea and a!r forces under one department of defense aroused a generally enthusiastic response at the capitol today. Most of the legislators commenting. however, suggested that such an extensive shake-up might well be postponed until the war is won whereas military men favoring the idea were said to feel that the time to make the move is now while the war is still on. Missing Flier Reported Safe Missing in air action over Ger many since Jan. 7, 2nd Lt. Bickley is "safe and well” the War department notified his parents. Mr. and Mrs. Joe Bickiey, 1041 Willow Sat-! urday. Lieutenant Bickiey, 22, Is a copilot on an Army bomber. He has attack had been defeated. As a result, the German program for relieving a num ber of top divisions for the west has been upset, IO enemy divisions have been forced to remain on the beachhead sector and German gar risons in France and Yugo slavia have been weakened to meet the threat to Rome, NEW YORK. Feb. 26 f/Pi—Many the spokesman said. American soldiers in the stalemated Soldiers Believe Real Inequality In War Activity Age of German Dead Increases (Editor’s note: Taylor Henry, of Palestine, Tfx.. who was chief of the Associated Press bureau in Vichy when the Germans took over, wrote the following dispatch at Baden-Baden, Germany, where he was interned. The dispatch was transmitted from Lisbon, Where Henry was* among American nationals exchanged for Axis internees in this country.) By TAYLOR HENRY BADEN-BADEN, Germany —(Delayed! —(/Pi— Statistics compiled here Indicate that the average age of German soldiers killed in action in August, 1943, was 25 1-2 w'hile by the end of January, 1944, it reached 28. In the last few days the Germans ordered men up to and including 60 to report for examination to determine their fitness for military service. The figures indicating the sudden rise in the average age of Germans killed were reached through a careful check of many thousands of death notices appearing in three selected German newspapers. Average age figures for the last I Italian campaign feel there s a real inequality of sacrifice in this war, Hal Bove, Associated Press war columnist, said today on his return from 16 months with troops in the Mediterranean. "The battle morale of these doughboys is high.” he said. "But they are fighting for a land which some feel has forgotten them. "Many have been overseas for two years and have given up hope of ever coming home. To them the I , war has become a blind alley with death at the end ” Boyle, w-hose column, "Leaves From a War Correspondent s Note- ; book,” has made him one of Amer- j ica’s greatest' links between the bors at the front and the folks back home, said that infantrymen who had fought through three | campaigns—North Africa, Sicily and Italy—felt common sense dictated that they should have a rest at home. "These overseas veterans in the ground forces want to be told there is a limit to the sacrifices demanded of them.'' he added.* The 33-year-old reporter has found little amusing since he ariled at Miami after flying from Europe on the combat bomber "The Blue Streak.” which completed HO Mediterranean mission1. It was his first break Rway from front line action since the African invasion. . ‘ Tire boys overseas have an idea that the people at home still think of the war as a ball game—and 41 v v i ivjjv n v itgui vO I vt I iii, Let ow    v**    ,    i six months showed the following that they’re enjoying the se\emn inning stretch,” he said. "It does look like if all the energy' being used in fighting the battle of the income tax could be expended on the battle of the Anzio beachhead, Rome would fall in curve:    August, 25 1-2:    September. 26: October. 26 1-2: November, 27 1-2: and January (1944l 28. The    most startling    drop was among    youths of 19    and under. who in August supplied 15 per cent of the total deaths. By January they j short order.” provided only 9 per cent, indicat- Boyle said ing that most of that group had complex here been killed.    side. The    total number of    casualties—    "Over    there    things arc    comi>ara- killed.    badly wounded    or captured    tlvely    simple    except for    mud.    fleas, —since the beginning of the war is Germans. C-rations and bullet; life appeared more than on the other Carrier Christened NEW YORK. Feb. 26— P,—The 27,100-ton Carrier Bennington was christened today at the Navy yard in Brooklyn as Assistant Navy Sec-| retarv for Air Artemus L. Gates I credited to floating airports a ma-i jor share in stopping Japanese Pa-| cific advances and in lessening the I U-boat menace. State Medics Plan Sectional Meets FORT WORTH. Feb. 26 —tJPi — Sectional meetings, including one in Fort Worth, will replace the anural session of the State Medical Association this year because of wartime conditions. These meetings will be discussed at a session of the council on scientific work of the state association during a one-day meeting here tomorrow._ The Weather r. s. department or commerce WEATHER BtREAC ABILENE \M» VICINITY Parti' <loud\ Sunday Sunday night and Monday Soattrrrd shower* Sunda' EAST TEXAS: Partl\ cloud' Sunda' 'undn night and Monda\; scattered 'hnweri in ntrfmf east and near the roast Sunday; orrasional rain or driirlr in southeast Sundav night scattered shower* in east and south Monda*, fre*h wind* an *he -roast. WEST TEXAS: Parti' cloudy Sunda-stinda' night and Monda'; scattered shower* Monda' and in El Paso and Bib Bend mantra* Sunda' night. TEMPI RXII RI S conservatively extirpated at a minimum of 4.500.000 to 5,000.000 of whom about 2,000.000 are dead Tile Nazis are estimated to have a total of 335 divisions in active service, with 65 in the grand reserve which they plan to use against the invasion from the west. But at least you didn t have lace your leggings with red ta lie. to sn st AM Evacuate Castle LONDON, Feb. 26 — CZP)— The Berlin radio said today that all persons, both permanent residents and Clfugees, have been evacuated from he Pope's summer residence at Castel Gandolfo just above the Allied Anzio beachhead lines. Valuable furniture Is being moved to a safer I place, said the broadcast. ss 54 52 54 54 55 SI 53 54 51 til TM 8 r« — HS — ll — 13 — ll — IO — 65 — tut — SS — 55 — 55 low temperatures to 9 Fri. HOI R s*t 63.... .....1..... .. .67 •IO ... .... 3 .... .. 67 ... .....3..... .. .71 56... . .....4..... .. .72 57 ... a .....5..... .. .73 St .....«..... ... 78 •VK .. . •VK ____ 8 ____ , 6.2 61 ... . . .. .1(1..... <14 . . . ____ll..... 67. . J. M. BICKLEY been stationed in England since last summer. A graduate of Merkel high school. hr attended McMurry college two years before enlisting in the air forces. Lieutenant Bickiey is the nephew of Mr. and Mrs. Homer Laney, Abilene and Howard Laney of Merkel. His grand mother, Mrs. W. H. Laney, lives in Abilene. Navy Armor Plate Production Halts DETROIT. Feb. 26—UP -Production of armor plate for U. S. Navy landing barges was at a stand ! ill today as 6.000 employes of tile Great Lakes Steel Corp. in suburban Es-corse remained idle in a strike that began Friday. Thomas Shane, district 29 director of the United States Workers of America <CIO), in a statement urged appointment of an impartial umpire to rule on the discharge o* an employe, which precipitated the walkout. PAW Heeds Plea, Cuts Texas Quota DALLAS, Feb. 26— T—The Petroleum Administration for War lias heeded the request of the Texas Railroad commission for a reduced production quota in Texas during March and has cut the call for Texas crud? by 5.300 barrels lier day. Commission Chairman Btauford Jester announced here today. Jester, here for “the statewide Democratic dinner tonight, was notified of the PAW action in a telephone conversation with Commissioner Ernest O. Thompson, who is in Washington conferring with federal authorities on problems facing Texas oil producers. His statement, issued on a day of relative lull on the Italian front except for heavy artillery duelling. was the first overall summary of the beachhead situation since the landing. (There have been no figures issued on Allied casualties in tile beachhead fighting alone. On Fob. 17 Secretary of War Stimson said that total American casualties in Italy since the landings at Salerno last September were 4.158 killed, 18,154 wounded and 6,429 missing'. The fierce four-day German attack which has just been thrown back managed to penetrate the Allied Angie positions to "a depth of two kilometers astride the main road” before being held all along the line, the announcement said. This summary of the month's fighting on the beachhead apparently referred to the road running due north from Anzio. Questioned I concerning a discrepancy between this two-kilometer figure and previous admissions of deeper penetrations, the spokesman said that it represented the net loss after the Allies had flung the German forc-1 es back. The statement made two things I clear: ' I. That Nazi Field Marshal Kes-selring hoped to gain "for Germany a spectacular military victory which she needs so badly,” and 2. That, having failed, he now Is s massing more power to try again. The landings just five weeks ago this morning represented a terrific threat to the communications of the German tenth army plus political potentialities In the danger to Rome, the spokesman said, and Marshal Kessclring therefore concentrated the German fourteenth army against the beachhead, In the spectacular air war against airplane production plants in Germany, carried on from both Britain and Italy, American planes based in Italy shot down 93 rocket-firing and cannon-firing enemy fighter planes while attacking Regensburg Friday, headquarters disclosed today. There were intense air battles, some lasting as long as two hours, and 39 American bombers and five ; fighters were listed as missing, but the target was reported left in 1 ruins. Fifteenth Air Force bombers also attacked the upper Adriatic ports of Zara in Yugoslavia and Flume and Pola in Italy and also an airfield near Graz in Austria. SELKING ACTION — Looking every inch a soldier, lanky Lt.-Gen. Mark \Y. Clark, commander of the ti. S. Fifth Army, was caught in this unusual character study as he peered ahead from his seat on PT boat carrying him to beachhead near Anzio. (LI. S. Signal Corps Photo from NEA). Hannegan Says GOP Uses War Selfishly DALLAS. Feb. 26—(AP)—Robert E. Hannegan, chairman of the Democratic national committee, asserted tonight that it appeared to be the purpose of the Republicans “to seek to rise to power upon the irritations and dislocations that are inevitable in our mobilization for total war.” - j    He    drew    that    conclusion    from Clyde Garrett lo Run Again Clyde L. Garrett of Eastland, who 1 served two terms in congress, told Tile Reporter-News Saturday that he will be a candidate for the office of the nth congress lonal district representative. A former president of the Texas county judges and commissioners association, Garrett entered congress Jan. 3, 1937, when he defeated Tom High and p rn. “4 and 50. High and low same date last year: Al and 28. Sun«et l**t night I ll. Sunrise lh'* morning 5 09. Sunset tonight; ‘.'AS. Avenger Trainee Killed in Crash SWEETWATER, Feb. 26 — UP)— Betty P. Stine. 22, a WASP trainee at Avenger Field here, was killed yesterday when her plane crashed at Blythe, Calif. She was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. W Stin<* of Santa Barbara, Calif., and a native of Fort Worth. Dallas Bar Assails Sumners Proposals DALLAS. Feb. 27 — t/p - The Dallas Bar association todav adopted resolutions charging that legislation introduced by Rep. Hatton W. Sumners of Dallas attempts to substitute administrative procedure by bureaus for procedure by duly constituted courts. Copies of the resolutions were sent to Texas senators and congressmen urging them to vote against the bills. Copies of letters from Federal Judge William H. Atwell of Dallas, Federal Judge T. Whitfield Davidson and Federal Judge James C. Wilson of Amarillo were attached to the resolutions. Fourth Army Office Shifted to Texas SAN ANTONIO. Feb 26 - r> — Fourth Army headquarters havr been transit! red to Fort Sam Houston here from Monterrey, Calli., with Lt. Gen. William H Simpson, 55, a native of Wea’hcrford, as commanding officer. The announcement was made today by the public relations office, which said that General Simpson would have under his command major units of tile Army ground The Germans attacked French-held hill 915 northwest of Cassino for the second successive day, and were again thrown hack, artillery turning the trirk. On the Eighth Army front troops beat back three separate night attacks near Orsogna, while at other point rn this region Allied artillery broke up an enemy raid. Tile Germans suffered casualties in a patrol clash between Orsogna and the Adriatic coast. Headquarters announced that an attempted attack on the Anzio anchorage Wednesday night by enemy E-boats was frustrated by Allied I patrol craft. Sun Oil Reports Supply Sufficient PHILADELPHIA. Feb. 26 *T-i The United States has a sufficient oil supply for "at least several gen- Blanton for reelection He was beat-i en in the 1940 race by Sam Rus- i ! sell of Stephenville, Hie incumbent; 1 congressman. • • • In a statement to The Reporter-News, Garrett said: “My two terms in congress with my other years of service in public ! relations work in the office of Jes-I se Jones, secretary of commerce, and consistent study governmental affairs I have given during that See GARRETT, Page 7. Col. 4 Could Be WASHINGTON. Feb. 26 — P -erations . . . unless the political The official newsletter for local climate of the future chills the in- draft boards recently noted with ap-itiative and courage which Amerl- proval that Lieuieusszzieusszesszes duct 0{ war> an(j perhaps im-cans have always demonstrated In W. Hurrizzisstizzi, a registrant of peril the peace. "the statements of aspirants for the Republican nomination, and the actions of Ute Republican leadership in Congress,” Hannegan said in an address to Texas Democrats gathered at a $25-a-plate Washington Birthday dinner. Senator Harry S. Truman (D-Mot, in a .speech at the dinner, declared: "Let us show the nations of the world that tm- HALLAS, Feb. 26 —    —    Mrsu~ It. H. Weinert of Seguin. Tex., vice chairman of the Texas State Democratic executive committee, said today she would like for the committee at its next meeting to endorse Gov. t oke Stevenson of Texas for the democratic presidential nomination and speaker Sam Rayburn for the vice-presidency. erica stands solidly united against her enemies. In the crucial days ahead, let us continue on to final victory under the proven leadership of our com-mander-in-chief, Franklin Delano Roosevelt.” Earlier, in an interview. Truman said that whether the president was seeking a fourth term or not was "entirely beside the question.” The Missouri senator then said also: "I am not a vice presidential candidate, and I mean it. If the president runs he will have the right to select his running mate.” Both Truman and Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn have be^n mentioned as possibilities for the vice-presidential nomination. Hannegan declared that "the conduct of a national election in war time is and should be a matter calling for all that is finest in our democracy. “The opposition must answer to the charge of making capital of the inconveniences necessitated by such things as rationing and price control. It has sought to turn the laborer agai"t the farmer, and the farmer against the city dweller.” Truman said: "Destiny has charged a democratic administration and a Democratic Congress with leadership in this great emergency. This leadership must be continued and supported, x x x A Democratic defeat at the polls this year would hamper, delay, and confuse the con ferees in a group of southern .states the discovery and development of Board 156, New York City, was list- , The Missouri senator said the spe running generally from Mississippi to Arizona. The Fourth Army will have as its most important mission the training of organizations for eventful combat duty overseas, the announcement states. oil," the Sun Oil company said to dav in its annual report for 1943. Millions of acres of land "regarded as favorable from the geo-I logical standpoint for the accumulation of oil,” are as yet untested, I the report said. ed on the rolls with an initial in- Cial Senate investigating committee stead of a middle name.    of which he is chairman. was creat ed. Arthur V. McDermott. New ecj to search out the obstacles t»hat York city director, today set the na- were hampering the war program tional office straight The registrant and see that they were removed has a middle name, he said. It is      _    _ ,    .    _ Willikiminzlssleizzil.    1    "AA    Page    ..    tola.    1-8 ;