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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 26, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND SCORE — Over-oll quota ^Total Sales Series E quota Series E Sales $3 245,000.00 4,112,835.00 1,303,000.00 1,^75,875.00 W)t ^toilette Reporter FINAL ' WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR W ORLD EXAC I LY AS IT COLS '-Bvion    ---- $ VOL. LXIII, NO. 254 A TEXAS 2mUt NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 26, 1944 —EIGHT PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Press (U.P.)    PRICE FIVE CENTS REPATRIATE REVEALS-*5 Million Nazis Out Of Action for Keeps * (Editor’s Note:    Taylor Henry, chief of the Associated Press bureau in Vichy at the time of the German occupation who now is in Portugal awaiting repatriation, wrote this dispatch before leaving the German internment camp at Baden-Baden, Germany, and carried it along with him). Bv TAYLOR HENRY DEFEATS ON EASTERN FRONT TURN HITLER INTO TIRED. STOOPED AND FAT FUEHRER EDITOR'^ NOTE: The following dispatch was filed by Ralph E Heinren. former manager of the United Press at Paris, when he arrived at V’ilar Formosa on the Spanish-Portugese border en route to Lisbon for repatriation to the United States.    ^ By RALPH E. HEINZEN VILAR FORMOSA, Spanish-Portuguese Border, Feb. 25— <Delayed)— , (UP)—The long series of defeats on the eastern front—the disastrous and futile drive toward Moscow, the annihilation at Stalingrad—have brought a complete change in Adolf Hitler. As his armies fell before the hammering blows of the Russian soldiers, Hitler aged rapidly. In the last 12 months, he seems to have aged at least IO years, with the change particularly noticeable since the siege of Stalingrad was lifted. Once firmly erect, he now is stooped, fat and tired-looking. Inside the Nazi party, his followers maintain the same fanatical devotion to der fuehrer. Perhaps it even may have been strengthened under the adversity of the situation. But outside the party, his popularity is dropping noticeably. Only a few of the outsiders, except the ardent followers, now are using “Heil Hitler” as the passing salute. •    •    a Big, lumbering Hermann Gocring, chieftain of the Nazi air force, also is fading from the picture, mainly because of poor health. He tried to reduce toe rapidly and weakened his heart, being obliged to rest for six months. After that he abandoned the diet, returned his old customs and now he is fatter than ever. The one man who has retained his control and perhaps even srtengthened it, is Heinrich Himmlcr. chief of the Gestapo. He probably is the strongest man in the Reich, outside of Hitler and holds a stern hand over his 600,000 agents in Germany and the occupied countries. They operate independently of the army and are under oath to obey and protect only Himmlcr. Marshal Erwin Rommel is another of the German leaders fading rapidly. His star dropped swiftly after Tunisia, but Hitler nevertheless named him commander of the "European fortress," including the Atlantic and Mediterranean Siegfried walls. The heavy Nazi losses of the war also are brought home by the fact that propagandists deliberately misconstrue the effects of the Allied air raids on Europe. As proof of this. I remember the first great all-American daylight raid on the Rhineland last September. With Pinckney Tuck* former U S. charge d'affaires at Vichy, I watched from,the top of a black forest mountain while the American bomb-; ens came* over. After the raid, a German communique said: "Fighters attacked and broke up the American formations, forcing them to flee helter. skelter, and drove them away before they could reach their objectives.” It was an absolute untruth. During more than an hour. 400 Flying Fortresses flew over in a perfect parade-like formation. One squadron without breaking formation, bombed the vital Rhineland railroad at Buhl, from a height of 12,000 feet. Then another squadron veered to the left and bombed, unhindered, Strasbourg airfield and railways. In the whole hour there was only I one German fighter in the sky. BADEN-BADEN , Germany — (Delayed) — (AP) — The ^ number of Germans put out of action—killed, badly wounded of captured—since the beginning of the war reaches a minimum of 4,500,000 to 5,000,000 of whom about 2.000,000 are dead, according to conservative estimates based on information coordinated from several sources in Germany. The average age of Germans killed in action jumped by two and one-half years in the last six months, indicating that the Nazis are being forced to call more and more heavily on older men for frontline duty. Statistics which I kept during internment at Baden-Baden show that the average age of the German soldiers ^killed in action in August 1943 was 25 1-2 while by the end of Januaray it reached 28. In the last few days the Germans ordered men up to and including 60 to report for examination to determine their fitness for military service. The figures indicating the sudden rise in the average of Germans killed were reached through a careful check American soldiers in the stalemated ’"of many thousands of death notices appearing in three se- I italian campaign feel theres lected German daily newspapers, the Volkischer Beobachter and the Deutch National Zeitung of Berlin and the regional Sax BILL SIGNED—Edwin A. Halsey, secretary of the ter the Senate climaxed the congressional revolt against ^President Roosevelt’s veto of the measure by making it a law with votes to spare. (AI* Wirephoto). ‘ Army and Navy .Merger Studied WASHINGTON. Feb. 26— (UP) — Consolidation of the War and Navy departments into a Department of National Defense is under studv by ^"he mint thief of staff where there Is an inclination to postpone Such action until after ttie war. the United Press was informed today. No derision has been reached. an informed official said. It appears that the Army may be % more immediately sympathetic to the plan than the Navy. The question of a single department of national defense was raised intermittently after World War I, but more often in congress than ijamong the armed services. ^ It is known, however, that the joint chiefs of staff have now had the project under serious study for approximately IO month. Nazi organ, Der Fuehrer of Karlsruhe, which is the headquarters for the area in which we are interned. AGE FIGURES RISE Average age figures for the last six months showed the following curve: August, 25 1-2; September, 26; October, 26 1-2; November 27 1-2; December, 27 1-2, January (1944) 28. During the same period there wras a change in the percentage of those 21 and under from 30 to 32 percent of the total deaths, while the average of those above 35 rose from eight to 14 percent. The most startling drop was in bare youths 19 and under, who in August supplied 15 percent of the total deaths. By January they provided only 9 percent, indicating that most of that group had already been killed. The 19 year-olds who formed the class of 1925 mobilized last June suffered a heavy toll in the Russian summer, fall and winter offensives. As the winter offensive got underway it became apparent from the senate, signs the tax bill af- j figures that the Germans were throwing in more and more classes for frontline duty. The figures in January did not vary more than six percent for any of the years between 19 and 39.” This corresponded to German admissions in mid-January that they had started to put in reserves on the Russian front for the first time since the beginning of the series of Russian offensives. At the same time the Germans admitted using reserve air squadrons against the British-American attack of Jan. ll, 1944. • * • The Germans attempted to hold the Russian front through the summer and winter with 260 divisions of their own and la Rumanian divisions for a total of 275 Axis divisions against 325 Russian divisions, according to estimates. The 260 divisions which the Germans had on the Russian front constituted well over half of their maximum frontline effectives at the beginning of 1944. which varied between 380 and 520 divisions, depending on the accuracy of German reports. Most observers agreed thai the round number 400 was not far from the truth. In addition to the estimated Nazi divisions on the Russian front, the Nazis are believed to have 35 divisions in France and the Low Countries, 15 in the Balkans, 15 in Italy and IO in Norway for a grand total of 335 divisions in active service leaving 65 in the grand reserve which the Germans plan to use against the big invasion from the West. Sugar Supply Less WASHINGTON. Feb. 26—    — Overall civilian allotments of sugar will be six percent less this year than in 1943 but individual rations probably will not be reduced. RAF Whams Augsburg GIS IN ITALY FEEL THERE'S INEQUALITY OF SACRIFICE IN THE WAR Pressure KeOt OII By JACK O’BRIAN    |    war has become a blind alley with | added, "and this can best be that the people at home still think ■    ■    W    ■ V% Allied Beachhead By JACK O’BRIAN NEW YORK. Feb. 26— </Pi- real inequality of sacrifice in this w ar has become a blind alley with [ death at the end.” Boyle, whose column "Leaves from a War Correspondents Notebook," has made him one of Amer- w ar, Hal Boyle, Associated Press j ica’s greatest links between the war columnist, said today on his boys at the front and the folks back return from 16 months with troops in the Mediterranean. “The battle morale of these doughboys is high," he said. "But they are fighting for a land which some feel has forgotten them. "Many have been overseas for two years and have given up hope of ever coming home. To them the home, said that infantrymen who had fought through three campaigns—North Africa, Sicily and added, “and this can best be done by giving them a real ro tation system of home leaves such as that enjoyed by the air forces." The 33-year-old reporter, whose Gaelic humor found amusing copy even while wallowing in mud up to his knees, has found little amusing since he arrived at Miami after fly- Italy—felt common sense dictated ing from Europe on the combat that they should have a rest at I bomber "The Blue Streak," which home. "These overseas veterans in that the people at home still think of the war as a ball game—and that they’re enjoying the seventh inning stretch,” he said. "It does look like if all the energy being used in fighting the battle of the income tax could be expended on the battlr of the An.-lo beachhead, Rome would fall in short order. "One cf the things that impresses you most on your return is that everyone over here has a bad cen tile ground forces want to be told there is a limit to the sacrifices demanded of them." he completed 110 Mediterranean mis- I science—about the other fellow, sions. It was his first break away j Everybody seems to be pointing at from front line action since the j the next guy and saying. ‘Look at African invasion.    J    that cluck He don’t know there s "The boys overseas have an idea i a war on ”’ FDR Orders Deferments Review WAR AT A GLANCE ID11 ^Swedes Fire at Foreign Planes LONDON. Feb. 26— (AP— Berlin broadcast a DNB Stockholm dispatch today saying Swedish anti-I lircraft guns fired at from IO *to 20 planes over Swedish territory last night and that .several magnetic mines which were dropped were found unexploded. By The Associated Tress LONDON— RAE night bombers blast Augsburg lit heavy raid. ITALY — Nazis maintain steady pressure against Anzio beachhead, thrown back in yesterday's single attack. PACIFIC — American a t-tacks shake Jap’s control of south-central Pacific. RUSSIA — Soviets exploint Rogachev breakthrough two armies closing in rapidly against Pskov. Ramirez May Be Recalled to Post BUENOS AIRES. Feb. 26—'UP) —Gen. Pedro P. Ramirez may be recalled to the presidency of Argentina in the event the other American republics decline to grant diplomatic recognition to the government of acting President Edel-miro J. Farrell, it was indicated today. Farrell, vice-president under Ramirez, announced yesterday that he was not assuming the executive <As Well as In Air- TEXAS HEROES ALSO AGROUND r» ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC—PP) —Texas also has her heroes aground as well as in the air. More than 700 medals were given to Texans for heroism and ability V) the air over the Southwest Pacific during 1943 But they also have been outstanding in every ground action since General Douglas MacArthur .started his offensive more than a year ago. This is revealed as men under MacArthur)? *Anmand were recently awarded medals and citations for their work. A handful of rubber boats loaded with Texans headed silently toward the shore and while they never reached their abjective their attempt was one the most heroic recorded iii the southwest Pacific in the second year of the war. Japanese shore guns opened up md blasted the fragile, rubber craft *> from the water. Some Texans died, others went on at other points to establish a beach head at Arawe that marked the first invasion of Japanese-held New Britain by any troops. • • * In the Arawe action, Captain Edward Wright, of Dallas, formerly of Abilene, led his men in the rubber boats and despite the concentrated fire from the shore made two desperate attempts to reach land. Medals '.till are to be awarded for the heroism of Texans at Arawe and other points. But here are some Texans whose acts received official notice: Distinguished Service Cross from extraordinary heroism in action: Major Jack Hawkins, Roxton. Silver Star for Gallantry in action: Private Lawrence Ekdahl, Lueders. EDELM1RO J. I ARKELL title because he had assumed presidential Authority only temporarily, during the "illness” of Ramirez. (Reports from Montevideo. Uruguay, just across the Plata river from Buenas Aires, said Ramirez’ ‘‘illness’’ was brought on by the fact that a clique of ultra-nationalistic army officers had forced him at gun point to delegate his power to Farrell. (The legal foolscap coup d’etat was engineered by a junta of six army generals, including Farrell who had opposed Argentina's break with the Axis a month ago, Montevideo reported.) Induction Is Falling Short WASHINGTON, Feb. 26.— (AP) — President Roosevelt, estimating the armed services still were short approximately 200,000 trained men, today ordered a review of all occupational deferments “with a view to speedily making available” the personnel required to carry on the war. The President sent a memorandum to Paul V. McNutt, chairman of the War Manpower commission, and Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, Selective Service director, saying Selective Service “has not delivered the quantity of men who were expected.” "The shortage which commenced ' to develop last Stepmeber reached a total of 200,000 on December JI." I he aciaea." This means that today I we are still approximately 200,-000 trained men although the actual personnel shortage in the Army has been reduced to 150.000.” • a rn Urging that agriculture and industry releave younger men physically qualified for military service, the President said the Army will not reach its planned January strength until some time in April, or even later if Selective Service "continues to fall behind on Its quotas.” Nearly 5,000.000 men held occupational deferments. • • # The president said he was convinced that the government has ben overly lenient, particularly with regard to the younger mei\ "The overage men. the physically disqualified, the returned soldier, the Germans to effect an exit from and the women of the nation must the conflict, this source reported. be used more effectively to replace He said the biggest question (Olathe able-bodied men in critical in- cerning the Finns was how to keep dustry and agriculture,’’ the presi- Germany "from doing something dent said.    which might alter the entire situa- The crucial campaigns this year tion" during peace discussions with will determine both the length of the Soviets. this war and its price in men and Finland has not disclosed to Ber-goods, the president’s memorandum un even a broad outline of Russia’s said. The nation is well equipped terms for an armistice, it was unin food and munitions, it said, but derstood. their production has drawn over- The neutral source believed taht By the Associated Press The RAF hurled two great cargoes of bombs on the already flaming city of Augsburg last night, carrying through another cycle the massive Allied air offensive to wipe out Germany’s warplane plants. Hitting in “very great strength,” the British air ministry’s term denoting a maximum force, formations of Lancasters and Maliiaxes loosed tneir fire bombs and explosives on the aerial engine production center 300 miles southwest of Berlin in the wake of a daylight attack on the city by American Britain-based Fortresses yesterday. The RAF struck with two distinct attacks, using again a new tactic employed successfully for the first time against Schweinfurt Thursday night. The Germans, who have kept up their pressure on the Allied beachhead south of Rome, were    repulsed    in    the single assault they were able to “    ~    “ throw against Allied lines yesterday, Allied headquar- j ters in Naples announced. I TWO-WAY ASSAULT A* the Allied air drive against the Reich gathered momentum and weight, Berlin announced Frankfurt also was hit last night and a Swiss radio report that night bombers had winged across Switzerland last night. -    .    nr»oi t air« suggested Italy-based RAF bombers    Cofp    plant ln    suburban Ecorse Pickets Bottle Up War Plant DETROIT. Feb. 26. —CIO pickets turned some 3,000 workers TRUK RAIDERS RETURN TO HONOLULU—Shown on their return to Honolulu are air squadron commanders who participated in the attack on Truk. Left to right are, Lieut. Commander Donald Ingerslew. Trenton, Mo.; Harry VV. Harrison, Miami Beach. Fla.; and William G. Privctte Jr., Chapel Hill, N. C. Commander Harrison described Truk as no Pearl Harbor, stating that he believed Truk was not as strong a Naval base as everyone is led to believe. (Pacific war story on page 8.) (NEA Radiophoto). might have joined in a attack the same as the night before. The RAF's night blows, which included Masquito attacks on western Germany and cost a total of 24 planes, followed yetserday’s unpre cedent cd attack by and Italy-based heavy bombers on the Regensburg Messerschmitt factory yesterday Finns Bid to Visit Moscow LONDON, Fib 36-(UP)-RU*-ria has invited Finland to sent a Reds Turn Back German Attacks MOSCOW, Feb. 26 — Pi-Ger* many’s White Russian armies coun- this morning, halting all production in the only mill producing armor plate for U. S. navy landing barges. The strike which started with the walkout of 900 workers Friday protesting discharge of an employ* nut si mThnspri who loft the plant without permls-Britain-based , ^ ^ madp e m omployes ldle. The night shift stayed away from the plant last night, but fires were kept under the furnaces. Headquarters of the CIO's United steel workers union confirmed that the dispute was over the disciplining by management • nd promised a statement later in the day. A spokesman asid th disciplining was "the only issue." The company charged that the disciplined men had violated "management rules and procedures” and that the union had refused to fol-,    , . . .    ..    ,    i    low    established grievance procedure But, included in the operations of    *    ..for    SQmo mystertoug reason.”    This Italy-based American bombers weir    procedure ^ management    said, subsidiary attacks on the Italian    lias    jettied grievances in the    past. ports of Flume and Pola, the Yugo- ;    _______- slav port of Zara and an airfield near Graz in southern Austria. rho ct^l of the American as-* saults on Germany yesterday was 69 bombe!s. a record for a two-way assault, compared to 142 emmy aircraft destroyed. Thirty of the American bombers lost were from Britain, the other 39 from Italy. The German communique claimed 106 Allied planes, including 102 four-en-gined bombers, were shot down during the day and night attacks. The German thrust at Allied lines on the beachhead yesterday was in the Pontine marshes area south of Cisterna and west of Littoria. AU Nazi attempts to slip through Allied Oak Leaf Cluster to Abilene Nurse Grad peace mission to Moscow but the j terattaekecl desperately today in 1 lines were frustrated Soviets emphasized that the Finns must not help Germany during negotiations, a neutral source reported today. Helsinki already has informed Berlin officially of its desire to quit the war if terms are acceptable and is now acrrymg on negotiates with heavily on available stocks of man-See DRAFT, Pg. 8. Col. 4 Allies Gain Ground In Burmese Battles NEW DELHI. Fob. 26—<71*—Allied columns advancing from the north The'new'government was striving I against the main area of Japanese the odds are now 3-to-2 that Finland will make peace. to achieve an aspect of normalcy in all official matters as the other 18 American republics followed developments here closely to determine whether the question of recognition of Farrell’s regime was a matter for mutual consultation. DeGaulle 'Wounded1 resistance in western Burma north of Akyab gained some ground in severe fighting yesterday, a communique announced today. Admiral Lord Louis Mountbat-ten's command said that strategic Ngakyedauk pass was being kept open to traffic. (A Tokyo broadcast said today that the cordon was being tightened around the Allied Fifth and Seventh divisions and that "complete LONDON.-Feb. 26—UP)—The Berlin radio, quoting reports from Geneva. .said today that Gen. Charles j annihilation or capitulation of the De Gaulle had been wounded in an enemy appears certain in the Unattempted assassination.    I    mediate future.” Air Medal Awarded Coleman Sergeant GENERAL HEADQU ARTERS, Southwest Pacific Areg—ZP)—Lieut, Gen. George V. Kenney, commander of the Allied Air Forces in the Southwest Pacific, has awarded the Air Medal to five Texay members I 10 the n0lUI of the Fifth Air force troop carrier command. Included was Sgt. J. A Bozeman Jr, Coleman, Tex. attempts to plug their crumbling central Iront but Soviet units lighting through heavy snows contin!' d to exploit their large-scale breakthrough near Rogachev, front lhie dispatches said. To the northwest the Red army was closing in rapidly on Pskov in a two-pronged attack froip the northeast and southeast; The drive from the down the Leningrad railroad and highway has placed the Russians in position to shell Pskov’s outer defenses, press dispatches said, and the highway to the key rail center was reported now open except for the numerous barricades of minefields the Germans have been laying frantically. The Russian southeastern arm was reported to have reached within five miles of Porkhov, only 45 miles from Pskov and last important communications center to the east. (The British radio in a broadcast recorded by CBS quoted a Moscow report as saying that Porkhov has been outflanked w th one Russian column already at the towns out- GEORGETOWN. Feb 26.—— First Lieut. Margaret A. Richey, Army nurse corp?, first white woman to land on Bougainville island, has be'n awarded the Oak Leaf cluster, her mother. Mrs. H. W. Richey of Georgetown, was informed today. Lieut. Richey, who is a graduate of the West Texas Baptist hospital ing into the beachhead area despite jin Abilene, had pitvioiisly been bad weather, continued Nazi shell- awarded the Air Medal. She also Wintry weather with snow flurries and high winds kept activity on the I arsino front at minimum Un the Eighth armv front Indian troops repulsed three night attacks i ear Orsog-na. Guns and .supplies still were flow ing of the port of Anzio and a new had served on the staff of the state northeast! attempt of the Germans to inter- hospital at Wichita Falls, at Martin nipt the process bv making torpedo hospital here and at hospitals at M H    'Randolph.    Brooks and Kelly fields, San Antonio. boat state at shipping off the har bor T^'iO Allird communique said an E-boat attack on the She wa? put in command of 24 anchorage *"*»*• and sent t0 a base 10 the See THE W AR. Eg. 8. t ol. 5 south Pacific, where she assisted in flying wounded soldiers from New Guinea. The Weather U.S. DE I’ VKTMl NT OK COMMERCE WI \TII I ll Bl RI: XI ABILENE and Vicinity Mostly cloudy and continued warm tonight and Sunday. KAST TEXAS Mostly cloudy and continued warm, ’scattered showers except rn extreme northwest portion tonight and Sunday._ except cloudy Burglars Abandon Lumber Yard Loot Local police late Friday recovered a typewriter and adding machine, stolen Wednesday night from Hardin Lumber Co., 417 Locust. The lumber yard was burglarized bv cutting a hole in the rear office door, according to the investigating WEST TEXAS Fair    • . with scattered showers In Del Rio-Eagle officers. An attempt Was made skirts and another column six miles p;,Sx area tonight and Sunday; not much t0 0prn safe, they said, but chH?ghe.‘tn temperature * during last 24 only the knob was damaged. hours 72    , . „ The stolen articles were found by Lowest temperature during last 24 r culvm Rt {he end o£ South Sev- First Red Cross Worker Is Killed Film Agent Nabbed HOLLYWOOD. Feb. 26—'UP* — Described by federal officers as the first of an asserted group of Hollywood draft dodgers, Irving Salkow, prominent actor’s agent, was under I arrest today for violation of the I Selective Service act. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Naples, Feb. 26.—(/Pi—The death of the first American Red Cross girl killed in action in this theater of war was announced today. She was Miss Esther Richards, a San Francisco haspital social worker, who was a victim of a German bombing of the Anzio beachhead Feb. 7. hours Si. TI MKI K VTI RI S Sat Fri Fri-Thur A M Hour P M 32    62—    I—    HS    SS SS    60—    a—    71    65 54    60—    :t —    72    66 52    50—    4—    71    70 54    57—    5—    72    74 54    58—    6—    71    74 33    SO—    7—    70    66 51    58—    8—    65    64 52    61—    9—    60    65 —    55    64 —    64—ll—    55    63 _    67 -12—    55    61 Sunrise this morning Sunset i enth. ti5i;hrr.n,n*..Iii!I bureau said today. Fiume Damaged STOCKHOLM. Feb. 26.—— Great damage was caused at Fiume Thursday and Friday afternoons when American bombers raided the Italian port and IOO persons were killed, a dispatch by the German-controlled Scandinavian Telegraph A. ;