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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 23, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND SCORE Over-all quota Total Sales Series E quota Series E Sales $3,245,000.00 1,303,000.00 1.359.450.00 Abilene Reporter-Nietos EVENING FINAL WITHOUT OR WITH 01TEXST TO ERIESDS OR EOTS \\ E SKL ICH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY \S 11 GOES'-Bv roil VOL. LXU!. NO. 251 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY EVENING. FEBRUARY 23. 1944 TWELVE RAGES Associated Press (AP) United Press (U.P., PRICE FIVE CENTS "Barkley Breaks With 'The Chief I WASHINGTON, Feb. 23.— (UP)—Accusing President Roosevelt of making “a calculated and deliberate assault on j the integrity of every member of congress,” Sen. Alben W. Barkley of Kentucky today resigned as Democratic leader azis Mass on Beach West Coast Gale Takes Four Lives DEATH PARTS FATHER-SON TEAM ON KWAJALEIN of the senate in a sensational split with the chief executive. In a dramatic speech denouncing Mr. Roosevelt's veto of the $2,000,000,000-plus tax bill, Barkley assailed the same man—the president—who in 1937 was responsible for him Jpeing chosen as senatorial leader. ^ Concluding a blistering point-by-point answer to Mr. Roosevelt's tax veto, the red-faced and perspiring Barkley said loudly and deliberately. I he attal k (the \cto message) was a calculated and ’ \yith nine inches of precipita-deliberate assault on the legislative integrity of every mem $)er rf the Congress of the United States. “Other members may do as they please, but as for me, I do not propose to take this unjustifiable assault lying mown.” Then he announced that his resignation would be tendered formally to a special meeting of Democratic senators tomorrow. "I thank heaven.” he said, “that frfny future happiness does not depend upon my retaining the post of majority leader. As proof of this statement I have called a conference of the democratic majority at IO o'clock tomorrow in the conference room of the Senate office building at which time my resignation will be tendered.” The senate’s reaction to this spectacular political upheaval was to give Barkley a standing ovation when he concluded. £ Among the few senators who fail- , “cd to participate in the applause were two staunch administration I supporters—Setts. Joseph F. Guffey, I D Pa , and James M. Tunnell, D.. Del—and Sen. Theodore G. Bilbo, D. Miss. It was Bilbo who cast the J^oie in August, 1937. which gave Barkley the Democratic leadership instead of the late Sen. Pat Harrison. Bilbo’s colleague from Mississippi. Barkley told his colleagues that in vetoing the tax bill. Mr. Roose-^ cit resorted to one of the mast unjustifiable methods of calculations possible in older to make tile bill's yield appear lower than it actually was, Those calculations, he added, were ’’probably handed to him by a mind that was more clever than .honest " Mr. Roosevelt, Barkley said, referred in his veto message to “persons in public life" who wanted higher taxes than e\en the president had urged—“Obviously.” the Kentuckian added, “A reference to Mr. Wendell I.. (The following story was written by Sergeant David Dempsey, of New York, a Marine corps combat correspondent. and distributed by the Associated Press). NAMUR KWAJALEIN ATOLL, Marshall Islands. Feb. 4.—'Delayed'—On this windswept coral island IMC ampi?t vc ta u o-j in tllc Paclfic- death ended today LUo AINULLLo, PCD. -o.    story    of    a    boy's    devotion    to    his I (UP)—The    stinging    lash    of    dad. I wind    and    rain    which    has    * it    is a story    of the    efforts of fa- whipped southern California 1 thcr    to    be    together    through ' two    years    of    Marine    corps service. The    son,    a    young    Marine who stowed away on a ship to get over-;cas because the wanted to be with pop, ’ was killed in action. * * • He is Private First Class Jack H. Brown, 19. of Childress, Tex. The father, Corporal Earl Brown, 44— a veteran of the U. S. army in World War I—made two trips to the same company at a West coast marine training camp. When it was time for the outfit to ship out, .soling Brown was hospitalized with a minor illness and transferred to another unit not scheduled to go mer. Pop boarded the ship alone. Just before the ship was to sail. together The general ordered thr charges against the boy dropped and allowed him to join the combat outfit with his father. They were together when their outfit reached this island from another base. SENATOR BARKLEY London Struck Hard From Air See BARKLEY', Pg. ll, t’oL 6 Fall of Parry Island Looms PEARL HARBOR Feb. 23—(UP) —Tho battle by U. S. naval, air and | land forces to clear the Japanese j from their last remaining foothold I of Eniwctok atoll in the Marshalls : was believed centered on Parry island todav Adm. Chester W. Nimitz’s last communique said the island was being "heavily attacked by our air and surface forces,” indicating that carrier-based planes, and guns from cruisers and destroyers had • blasted an invasion path for land- j fn LONDON. Feb. 23— P)—A substantial number of German raiders made a two-directional assault on London last nisht, showering high explosives and fire bombs over wide areas here and in other English sections, causing casualties including at least IO killed and starting fires in several districts. • «?The raiders stirred up a barrage which many agrerd was the heaviest of the war. Ten of the enemy planes were destroyed, one by a Canadian intruder over its base in France. Making their lith assault on London this month and the fourth in five nights, the attacks came in two waves over the east and south coast. The main cargo of the raiders was incendiaries, perhaps many of them the now explosive type the Germans say they now are using. In size the attacking force appeared equal to any sent against Britain in recent nights, perhaps larger. Anti-aircraft shell fragments came down like metallic hailstones. Londoners going to work today saw cleanup gangs clearing bomb damage and sweeping the streets of razor-sharp fragments. A number of schools, including a famous one in the London area, were among the buildings wrecked. tion since Sunday, was ex- j pected to slacken but slightly today as the death toll arose to four and property damage was estimated at several million dollars. Almost two-thirds of the an- I nual average precipitation has fallen in the last four days and the weather bureau predicted light rains with ‘‘frequent periods of temporary Improvement.” Bridges were washed out. highways were blocked, one railroad line was out, power lines were down and damage to homes and crops was severe. Hundreds of automobiles were stranded in floodwaters in low-lying areas, and three cars plunged into a boiling stream when a section of the big Tujunga bridge gave way north of Glendale, drowning one motorist. The other deaths were caused by traffic accidents attributed to the storm. Check dams, built after the great storm of 1938. held flood waters in streams, which, in earlier years, would have overflowed and inundated large areas. Jack hit the beach first, went Into one of the bitterest actions of the marine    base at San Diego, Calif.,    son Jack was found stowed    away.    I the    battle, and w as killed during and wrote    to Washington to con-    He was taken off and placed    under    the    night when our    forces held off Vinco authorities that he wasn't arrest.    i    a    desperate    Jap    counterattack.    It “too old.”    He wanted* to be with Corporal Brown's wife, Madic    was    his first time    under fire lint son Jack,    who enlisted in March,    telephoned the general in    com-    1 his    buddies say he    fought like a 1942    mand of the camp, told the story of J veteran. Jack and Pop finally got in her husband and son's efforts to be "Pop" will go on fighting. Philippines Placed Under Siege State ing units. In view of till* fact the communique was issued Monday night, it was believed that elements of the I (Hit h army infan-try and the 22nd Marine regi-' ment were about to hit the beach, if they have not already landed. With the larger Engebi and Eni-wetok Islands already occupied, the Americans have been able to con-0 centrate all their power on Pai r} and its occupation in the next day or two was forecast. NEW YORK, Fob 23— P-The Japanese Dornei agency broadcast an English language dispatch to ^Pacific areas today reporting Taroa island, one of the remaining Japanese footholds in the Marshalls, was bombed from the air Sunday and Monday and shelled by "enemy surface craft” Monday. LONDON. Fob 23— UP'—A state of siege was declared throughout the Philippines Tuesday the German transocean agency reported mn Manila today. The broadcast gave no reason for the action. (Tile German report followed a Japanese Domei agency broadcast that Jose P. Laurel, puppet president of the occupied Philippines had signed a bill passed by the "national assembly" giving him dictatorial powers, under Japanese supervision. ■The Japanese broadcast, recorded bv the U. S. foreign broadcast intelligence service, said that under the bill, Laurel was empowered A tornado in .suburban Rosemead knifed a porch from one home, dumped it onto a neighboring house. cut a slice from that home and nilled on. blowing off roofs and snatching at trees, fences and lamp posts. At Malibu Beach, half of the pier was ripped away, while emergency crews sandbagged the Redondo beach region as pounding seas ate away the shoreline and rolled several blocks inland. Hundreds of beach homes were damaged and several were destroyed. Boats were smashed into piers and driven ashore in Santa Monica bay and a 50-foot cruiser was thrown over the breakwater and was rolled ashore. Scores of screen celebrities were confnied to their homes and many reported they had no lights. Chick Chandler. New York actor, and Director George Marshall had to abandon their beach homes. Stockmen Meet at Houston Feb. 29 FORT WORTH, Fob. —{A*>— Stockmen representing 3.p00,000 of the nation’s cattle population will meet in Houston on Feb. 29 and March I for the 68'h annual convention of the Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers association, Henry Bell, secretary-manager, announced Wednesday. "There will be a lot to talk about this year, in connection with the problem of obtaining protein feed Third Major Enemy Push Takes Shape ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples. Feb. 23.—(UP) American and British troops .rn the Anzio front hold firm under new German counterattacks. a communique said I today, as front reports indicated Nazi armored forces were massing in great strength for a third major atta opt to crush the Allied ; beachhead. LINES TESTED Covered by bad weather and a day-long artillery barrage that sent hundreds of shells crashing into the beachhead, the Germans thrust repeatedly against the Allied lines yesterday and moved strong formations of tanks and shock troops into position for a general attack. Two Nazi attacks against the American lines west of Cisterna were beaten off after a brief, bitter fight, and Britbh artillery for the second straight day broke up an enemy concentration in the Aprilia sector. Headquarters spokesmen said the Germans suffered considerable casualties i*i both sectors, but it was indicated the local actions were de- LONDON. Fob. 23—(A'—U. S heavy bombers based in Italy, smashed at Nazi aircraft factories at Steyr, Austria, 90 miles west of Vienna, today, on the heels of a powerful two-way pincers assault1 stoned to screen Nazi preparations from Britain and the Mediterran- for another big push. MENNONITES GO TO MEXICO TO ESCAPE RATIONING--Aaron H. Martin, a Pcnnsyl-vania Mennonite farmer, wa> so irked by wartime controls that he sold his farm, bundled up Ins family and left for San Luis Potosi, Mexico, where, he says, “there s no rationing and a man can do as he pleases.” Waiting for a train at the station at Lancaster, Pa., are (left to right): two sons (looking out a window), two daughters, Mrs. Martin, Martin and Frank Martin, a cousin, who accompanied them on the trip hut expects to return home. (AP Wirephoto). Finland’s Peace Seeker Returns STOCKHOLM. Feb. 23    | iTi—Juhu K Paasikivi, former Finnish cabinet member whose arrie ti here Feb. 12 led to rumors that his government was trying to contact Moscow with a vies/ to negotiating a .separate peace, returned to Helsinki today^Vithout any indications that Finland is any nearer getting out of the war. Paasikivi declined to comment on Routed Germans on Run for Bug River LONDON, *F>b 23- V -German troops, routed from the gr^at iron 'tty of Krivoi Reg by the Red army Russia In the .summer of 1941. Stalin recounted the triumphs of Soviet arms in a special order of government regulations and the lob! the SUbicct of Finnish peace ne    jr..    , of keen!no tho    tnr    SU°JCC\    0I*rai*n    pf    ace    ne-    stalin    announced    that yesterday, are retreating westward j the day commemorating the 26th toward thr Bug river, a Soviet communique said today as Premier can Tuesday in which 133 German fighters were destroyed. In the plunge Into Austria a strong force of Liberators pounded at two highly-import-ant plants producing aircraft engines and many components including hall bearings. It was the fourth consecutive day of heavy American daylight blows upon Nazi aircraft plants. The Liberators were attacked by a strong force of Gorman fighter planes on the l.OOOvnile r«>md trip. "In three im b of record-breaking operations American Air Force planes Erne accounted for 310 em my fighters,” headquart rs .said, LONDON. Feb. 23— (AP) — Strong forces of Allied planes were seen crossing the English channel at mid-afternoon today. with 153 falling to fighters of the Eighth and Ninth air forces iii Britain. 117 df.stroyetl % Eighth air force bombers, and 40 by 15th air force bombers. • • • The Germans threw up savage resistance as Hie Britain-based bombers struck the Junkers-88 assembly plant at Bernburg and airframe and component factories at Ase* cr* sleben and Halbcrstadt Tile 15th air force bombers from Italy blasted two Mrsserschmitt factories at Regensburg. and bombed freight yards at Peter&hausen. 20 miles north of Munich, An announcement said the formations from Italy were in record strength. Forty one of the Britain-based See AIR WAB Pg. 12 ( ol. I Tlir official Interpretation placed upon the feverish German rear-line activit> was that the Nazis, although their nine beachhead di-visions were chopped up badly in two unsuccessful offensives, were regrouping and possibly reinforcing their troops for another try. How badly the Germans "took It" during their four-day attark from I cb. Iii to 19 was indicated by official Allied .reports that Nasi casualties In that assault wk re the heaviest of the Italian campaign. One American battalion alone counted 500 German dead in front of their lines southeast of Aprilia. The German I I4tIi rifle division, recently moved in from Jugoslavia, was reported to have been decimated in the four-day onslaught. Facing massed artillery fire for the first tune, these Woops were said to have become panic-stricken when they ran into the full weight of the American and British barrage. • • a Tile Allied big guns maintained a leady hail of fire on the German line- yesterday, probing constantly for the tanks and shock forces known to be moving into position for attack. Relatively small forces of flghter-bombers and fighters braved the bad weather to bomb and machine gun Nazi troops, gun positions, supply dumps and transport. The luftwaffr struck in coasider-Ree ITALY Tg. 12 tot, I of keeping up the nation's wartime meat supply," Bell reported. The Weather U.S. DEPARTMENT OI COMMERCE VV I \ rill K Bl KE VI ABI ILENE and Vicinity: Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Thursday; slightly warmer tonight. KASI I EXAS east of 100th meridian Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Thursda.i slightly warmer north and west-central portions tonight WEST TEXAS— Parti1 cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Thursday. Slightly warmer this afternoon and tonight Highest temperature  -,-------- >    esterday: Citj to adopt any measure necessary for    651    airport 02 tim "safety, protection of the population.") aud relief Lowest this morning a 1 rport. T9. City office. 44 THE TAX PRIMER AVAILABLE FREE! As a public service, The Reporter - News i> offering The Tax Primer, a 16-page booklet prepared by The Associated Press, as a simple guide through the intricacies of income tax returns. Coll for yours at The Re-porter-News Business Office . . . It's Free! (If requested by mail, please include 5c for postage and wrapping.) Serbs Inflict Loss LONDON. Feb. 23— P—Swarming down on the Germans in the Kalinovich area south of the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo. Marshal Josip Bio/ 'Titoi Partisans have inflicted major losses on the enemy. a communique of the Yugoslav army of liberation said todav. Sunrise this morning Sunset tonight I I 'I PERA TI RI S Wrd Tue Tue-Mon AM Hour PM 40    .-,a_    I    _    38    36 4 fi    38—    2—    59    58 4.)    . ift—    a    —    SO    59 44    54—    4    -    61    60 45    52—    5—    HIS    62 46    SI—    6 -    65    63 46    52—    7—    61    61 4fi    51 —    8—    56    60 48    31—    9—-    33    60 SI 52—IO— 51    60 SS 54 ll - 49    60 .57    36—12— 48    59    . . 8 12 ...............7.33 ,    .    ,    ,......-......-_u,    -______in one year conations, but he appeared to be thc Nazis havr bePn driven from al. in a less jovial mood than on his arrival When asked if he planned to return to Stockholm. Paasikivi said. "I’ve been here too long already.” A passible indication that a Ru ;-sian-Finnish peace is not likely in the near future came I rom Helsinki yesterday when it was disclosed that Finnish trade negotiations with Germany were resumed Feb. 18 This step was taken despi'e U. S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull’s warning Jan. 31 that the Finns must break their alliance with Germany or suffer the consequences. However, some diplomatic observers expressed the opinion that peace negotiations might not have gone beyond the sounding out stage and Finland still may I md a way to quit the war. most three-quarters of thc territory they had occupied since invading «    •    t Stalin Reaffirms Unify of Allies anniversary of the Red army. A major military prize, krivoi Hog with it valuable iron mines was captured by Gen Rodion Y. Malinovsky’s Third Ukrainian army after a bitter four-months’ siege. Two West Texans Listed as Killed WASHINGTON. Feb 23 'UPI- British and German Coastal Guns Duel The enemy suffered enormous! The War department made public losses in manpower and equipment, ’ today the names of 184 United the Russian communique reported. States soldiers killed in action, in-"ThousancLs of enemy dead littered eluding: LONDON. Feb. 23 P All German • attempts to "introduce disharmony in the camp of the anti-Hitlerite coalition” arc doomed to i failure, Premier Stalin told the tbs Red army force Russian people today in a special i patches indicated. approaches to the city and its streets. Moscow dispatches said that only i narrow escape gap along thc low-er Dnieper river to the West remains open to the retreating Nazis. Kherson and Nikolaev, the latter city 95 miles southwest of Krivoi I Rog at the mouth of the Bug. arr probable immediate objectives of these dis- LONDON. Fob 23.—-T—British and German coastal guns exchanged salvos across Dover strait early today in one of their heaviest duels in months. Coastal observers said the British guns were in action almost continuously for 30 minutes and scat-Sla UR liter. Pfc. Woodrow M.— tried an enemy convoy trying to Clyde V. Slaughter, father. Cross sneak up Ute French coast between Plains.    | Boulogne and Calais. Wood. Tech. 5th Gr. Conrad L.— Shell warnings which were sound-Mrs, Elizabeth Wood, wife, Colorado cd in all towns in the Dover area City.    ! lasted for 90 minutes. In Statewide Campaign— 36TH MEMORIAL FUNDS SOUGHT TEMPLE. Feb. 23—(UP)—A statewide campaign will be launched soqn to obtain $250,000 to finance of Temple had granted the use of the city park as a site. A $1,000 prize has been donated construction here . memori.. |^P*'th'^ shrine to the 36th division now embroiled in the Italian campaign, it was revealed today. The Temple sponsoring committee, headed by Publisher Halter R. Humphrey, announced that the memorial would take the form of a building to house the records and archives of the former Texas National Guard unit and that the City memorial, the winning design to be chosen by a committee headed by Maj Claude j V Birkhead, retired former commander of the 36th. , Initial plans also include erec-, tion of a small theater auditorium I in which patriotic meetings could be I held and which also would provide a meeting place for families visiting convalescing soldiers at McCloskey j general hospital here. Spare Rome From War, Pope Pleads LONDON. Fob 23— tv—Pope Pius XII has appealed to the belligerents to save Rome from destruction bv an agreement similar to those which spared Cairo and Athens, according to the Vatican radio. "Rome still, in spite of the war. is a center of religion," the pope was quoted as saying "The bel liger- I are seeki ents agreed to spare Hie monuments of Athens and Cairo, and in the same way Rome should be saved. The abbey of Mt. Cassino already has been destroyed.” order of the day commemorating the 26th anniversary of the Red army. Praising the Red army for smashing Germany "to the edge .of cat astrophe." the Russian premier again emphasized his contention that Russia has been bearing tile brunt of thr war effort, but declared: "All thc more hopeless will thc situation of Hitlerite Germany be when Hic main forces of our \liics go into action and the powerful and growing offensive of thc Allied states is launched against Hitlerite Germany. The Germans, stalin asserted, On the northern front, meanwhile, (soviet forces under Gens, Leonid A. Govorov and K. A. Meretskov moved closer to the city of Pskov, gateway to the Baltics, w here the lied army had its baptism of fire 26 years ago today. The Moscow war bulletin said (hat Russian troops pushing southwest from Luga captured the town of Bukino, 51 miles northeast of Pskov, and that other units driving west from Lake Ilmen liberated more than 200 occupied centers. Another IOO towns and villages were captured in the Kholm area, on the southeastern end of the 150-mlle wide Russian arc converging the communique said. to save themselves by ordering total mobilization in the ()n Pskov rear," although Germany's man-    jai*    ~ power reserve m depleted,” and One Or Quads Alive by making desperate efforts to introduce disharmony in the camp DECATUR, Ala , cb. 23 —(Apiol the Allies and thereby “drag out Two more of the quadruplets bom the war," he added:    j (to a paratroopsr’s young wife died “Hitlerite diplomats are rushing in a benevolent hospital totday — I from one neutral country to *n- leading only one, a girl, alive. TYLER, Fib. 23—(UP)—Sen- other, trying to establish contacts The boy, Edmund Hutto, Jr., died tences ranging from 90 days in jail , with pro-Hiturite elements, and last night, and this morning tw'o ol to two years in prison and a $2,000 hinting at the possibility of separate his sisters, Sheriannc and Yvomr bond were meted out by Federal i peace, sometimes with our state, succumbed. Diane, one of the Iou: Judge Randolph Bryant yesterday sometimes with our Allies.    borne yesterday a month prema- in three cases charged with gaso- “All these subterfuges of the Hit- twirly, stitll clung to life, fed by lme rationing violations.    1    ierites    are    doomed    to    failure.”    I an eyedropper. Gas Violators Jailed ALONG ROAD TO ROME—A rule, a cross and a helmet mark each grave of three British soldiers who fell near Cas-tleforte on the Garigiano river front in the Allied drive to» I ward Rome, (AP Wirephoto). ;