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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 23, 1938, Abilene, Texas wm MAS9 MEWSlMtMIE tEfje Abilene Reporter ~i0ctos; ‘•WITHOUT. OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OJI BOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES "-Byron ☆ ☆☆ EVSNOKl' Catted hMi (CCIPRICE 5 CENTS VOL. LVII, NO. 277    ABILENE,    TEXAS, WEDNESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 23, 1938 —TWELVE PAGES WITH GERMAN CONVERSATION SEEN - -Chamberlain Foes Demand Vote On New Policy PROBE RESUMES QUESTIONING OF M’CRAW’S LAW PARTNER Tom Clark Grilled On Income Hike; Attorney General May Fly To Dallas DALLAS, Feb. 23.—(AP)—The senate committee investi gating Attorney General William McCraw fired another fusillade of questions today as his former Dallas law partner, Tom C. Clark, now an assistant United States attorney general. Clark was interrogated for the third successive day on mat ters contributing to the large increase in his earnings after McGraw became a state official. He admitted the increase was substantial and testified to the receipt of several big legal fees, but added he never exerted improper influence on any state official or legislator. WEATHER DELAYS HOP McCraw, who aspires to be Texas' next governor, had hoped to appear Court Affirms Dansby Penally Overruling Of Defense Motion Held Not Error AUSTIN. Feb. 23—(JF)—The court of criminal appeals today affirmed a life sentence assessed Mrs. L. Dansby of Jones county for the polson-lemonade murder of Mrs. J. T. King, her landlady. The court disagreed with defense Senator Joe L- Hill of Henderson, complaints the trial Judge erred frequent critic of McCraw, said the »'hen he refused to sustain a mo-bank records would be studied in ex-1 tion for an instructed verdict of ecutive session and purely personal n°t guilty. matters would not be made public. I she basfd her motion on claims RECORDS SUBPOENAED    evidence    failed to show she mixed Shortly after the committee sub- P0150^ with the lemonsade or caus- pocnaed records on all Dallas ac- ^    it- . counts of the attorney general and P?^enc? showec* Mrs- dansby ob-hls wife, Mr. and Mrs. McCraw au-    poison    undpr an assumed In person to answer insinuations which he said had been made during the committee’s session but Indications were the group would recess before he returned from Washington. Inclement weather which grounded a plane delayed McCraw's departure I rom Washington to Dallas today, but tile attorney general said he might leave by plane tonight, weather permitting. McCraw issued another strongly-word'd statement in Washington terming the “drugging of my wife" into the investigation a violation of the laws “of common decency.” thorized the banks in telegrams from Washington and Austin, respectively. to deliver them to the committee. I One of the matters about which J Clark was questioned was his legal work on a refinancing plan for the ; Gilliland Oil and Ref ming company in East Texas. “Th? fet cf $10,GOCI « • .her / P- i itantial, was it not ?” inquired Hill. “It was a rather substantial matter." the attorney retorted. “It involved four or five million dollars. Mr. Gilliland was satisfied with my' fee.” Other questions propounded by Hill concerned Clarks employment on land vacancy claims. Asked about the acreage of one of the tracts. Clark told the senator it was about the size of a certain vacancy claimed by Hill for a client. Committeemen said they probably would finish the Dallas hearing la-ter in the day. name and spread it on half a lemon which sh- gave Mrs. King who was visiting the house Mrs. Dansby occupied, the court said. TTie court sustained a 25-year sentence given R. B. Norwood of Burnet county for fatally shooting Calvin Word. Jr , on the streets of Burnet and reversed <md T°mar1-£ . because 01 failure to charge the Jury on self defense, a similar sentence for H. Y. Broussard of Orange county for conviction of killing Albert Theriot. Hughes Delayed In Running Tubing On Oplin Deep Strike U. S. Army Bombers Take Off For Lima SANTIAGO. Chile. Feb. 23. (UP) —Fhe United States bombing planes took off today for Lima, Peru, on the return trip from a visit to South America. A sixth bomber remained. It was reported that there was some difficulty with one of its motors. The first plane left at 7:46 a. rn. EST and the others took off at two minute intervals. Tile flight to Lima is expected to require seven hours. Red River Crest Moves Toward Arkansas Town Fear Torrent May Destroy Fulton Levees FULTON. Ark.. Feb. 23—( API —Faced with the worst flood threat in the history of this little river town, Fulton residents today began hasty evacuation after engineers announced they would guarantee to hold bark the rampant Red river only until dark. FULTON. Ark . Feb. 23—TPI—The rampant Red River, gauged at an all-time high water mark of 362— ll 2 feet above flood stage—at 7 a. rn. today continued rising toward an expected crest that threatened to smash weakened levees protecting this little Southwest Arkansas town. A few townspeople departed last night but most remained behind, hopeful that the giant protecting levee, which had defied other floods for more than 30 years, again wrould hold. The Missouri Pacific railroad announced at Little Rock that government engineers in the district informed it the levee between Index and Fulton was expected to stand the rise. Frank Ward, Fulton toll bridge keeper, said he did not think the levee could continue to hold the rising waters. He said a minor break yesterday was plugged wdth j a new earth embankment which was beginning to weaken. Why the majority of the 593 inhabitants did not flee was summed up by Ben A. Wilson, a resident for the past 29 years: "Most of the people have lived here so long they are not afraid— j they just can't believe that the levee won’t hold.” EMERGENCY LEVEE ERECTED A levee break three miles east of here aggravated Fulton’s situation. Water pouring through the break started backing up toward the town. Two hundred and fifty WPA workers and scores of volunteers threw up an emergency levee in an attempt to halt the backwater. Two other breaks to the west in-undated thousands of acres of rich farm lands and caused closing at! Index of the trunk line highway through western Arkansas from Texarkana to Fort Smith. In the adjacent flooded lowlands operators of patrol boats expressed belief that all refugees had been brought to safety. Tension eased In central and eastern Arkansas, where the Ark LONDON CROWDS PROTEST EDEN RESIGNATION IN CRISIS Reich Foreign Minister To Go To London Soon Chamberlain Wins In Parliament On Policy Of Reconciliation With ll Duce LONDON. Feb. 23.—(AP)—The British labor party and trade unions council issued a manifesto today demanding the government submit its foreign policy to an immediate general election. “The government holds no mandate for the vital change it has made in foreign policy,” the manifesto declared. (The dominantly conservative national government campaigned for support in the election of 1935 with pledges of fidelity to the League of Nations, which Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain yesterday accused This picture, radioed from London, shows the milling crowds that demonstrated outride No. IO Downing street in favor of Anthony Eden after the young diplomat resigned as Great Eritain's foreign secretary. The throng shouted: “We want Mr. Eden—Up with the League—Don't sell out to Italy.” Eden’s resignation came after the British government had refused to take a firm stand in opposition to Reichsfuehrer Hitler's move toward Nazi domination of Austria and de mands for return of German colonies. Eden, who vigorously opposed a British foreign policy built on friendship with Italy and Germany, left from a rear entrance of the foreign office square to avoid the crowds shown above. LIKE CIRCUS DAY- ROBY TURNS OUT THRONG TO WELCOME RODEO BOOSTERS | ROBY. Feb. 23 —Roby folk turn- ( were among the hand-shaking ed out at ll o’clock this morning greeters here in Roby, almost like this was circus day. j The buses were to pull but at They were greeting AF’.ne l?g->ii:20 for Rotan, make a rousing ionnaries who are tripping through but bflff gt th R||d {hfn this section telling about the cham- The Oplin deep discovery, Hal Hughes et a1 No. I Poindexter, was I delayed yesterday in running of two-inch tubing, operators report- anaasV White. Cache" and Black'riv-,ng that the test nad begun to make ers had driven hundreds from their gas again as soon as about half the homes in the past week. Workers water in the hole had been swab- apparently had won a levee fight ionship rodeo and boys’ livestock show set March 1-3. They were also cheering the Hardin-Simmons university Cowboy band, which Is traveling with the boosters and drawing a real hand for every informal concert. Added to the band program here was the trick roping of Tex Felker. Edmund C. Yates added his speech-making here to that of D. H. Jefferies. Ruck Sibley, T N. Carswell and others who are telling about the rodeo and show program. Marvin Carlisle, banker, Dr. J. T. Davis, pioneer physician. Fred Stevenson and Bill Hopson on to Hamlin, where all arrangement* had been made for a luncheon, Hamlin business men and veterans were to join the Abilenians for the noon meal and program. At McCaulley, first stop, J. W. and F. L. Rector, B F. Short, and Rev. John    Hardesty    did the official welcoming, with Sibley and,    nm Jefferies speaking for    the Abilene    at    $™.°OO.ow, crowd. At    Sylvester, the greet-    ^Proximately prs included A. L. Josey, groccr.v-man: F. O. Powell and Ed Beck. pioneer rancher and former banker. F. O.    Browning    and T. N. See TRIPPERS, Pf. 6. Col. 3 to What Is Your News I. Q.? By AP Feature Service Each question counts ?0; each part of a two-part question, IO. A score of 60 is f*ir; 80 good. Answers on page 8. 1. Who is this ex-skipper of a submarine? Why did Germany arrest him? 2. What is a “joystick”? What trouble has it caused the U. S.? «. Northern Ireland recently voted decisively against union with the Free State. True or false? 4. What proposed constitutional amendment concerning women has been debated In Washington? 5. Has Britain just completed a huge naval defense system at (a) Gibraltar, (b) Sues canal, or (c) Stagapocftt bed out. It was drilled in under a hole full of water late Monday and was to be tubed yesterday. Plans are to resume swabbing today in an attempt to clear the hole so that tubing may be set either late today or early Thursday. Treatment with 3.000 gallons of acid is planned as soon as the test is brought under control. Operators planned to circulate oil while running the tubing in order to hold the well in. It is showing for an estimated 200 to 300 barrels daily natural under a 4,000,000-foot gas flow. In southwestern Callahan county, it is colated in George Hancock survey No. 350. Discover Body Of Trinity Flood Victim DALLAS. Feb 23— (TP -The receding waters of the east fork of the Trinity had left another victim behind today. The body of Frank Dowd, 62. river fisherman, was found in a creek IOO yards from the river channel. Justice of the Peace Walter J. Stovall entered a verdict of death by accidental drowning. at Pine Bluff. Allred Gets Extra Ride In Capital Trip WASHINGTON Feb. 23.—(JP) — Weather conditions gave Governor James V. Allred of Texas an extra hunderd miles or so airplane ride on a trip to Washington. His plane was unable to land in Washington last night because of rain and fog. It flew on to Newark, N. J., where Allred transferred to a train and moved on to Washington. He came here to oppose before a congressional committee a bill to place submerged coastal lands under government control. Pershing Better Urge Acquisition I Dodors Report Of Coast Land 200 Beeves To Be Shown At Coleman COLEMAN, Feb. 23. (.f —Two-hundred fat baby beeves will be exhibited here tomorrow on the court house plaza by the Coleman county Future Farmers in their annual exhibit. Champions will be shown later at Fort Worth and San Angelo. Fine sheep and hogs also will be on exhibit. EVERYBODY LIKES 'EM— Kiwanians Find Little Difficulty In Selling Tickets For Pancakes Condition Of Heart Described As Satisfactory TUCSON, Aril., Feb. 23- OPT — Physicians attending Gen. John J. Pershing said today, following a lengthy consultation, that the 77-year-old soldier “Is definitely better.” A statement issued by Dr. Roland Davison after he and Lieut. Col. S. U. Marrietta had completed an examination said the condition of his heaft which caused considerable anxiety yesterday and last night following a sudden relapse, "is entirely satisfactory.’ “Col. Marietta and myself have just completed an examination of General Pershing, saki the bulletin. “There is very definite improvement in his condition ainee the last bulletin issued last night.’ Dr. Davison said the next bulletin would be issued around 6 p. rn. (CST). General Pershing, ill more than a week from rheumatism and a heart complication, was removed from his hotel quarters to the Desert sanitorium yesterday afternoon, and Col. Marrietta, heart specialist, was ordered here. Federal Aid For Schools Urged FDR Transmits Group s Report To Legislators WASHINGTON. Feb. 23— (ZF) President Roosevelt transmitted congress today a report of the advisory committee on education recommending new federal grants of 8855.000,000 to states during the next six years to improve their public schools. The grants, to begin a year hence would be increased $30,000,000 each of the two following years and $20,-000,000 each year thereafter until they reach $199,000,000 in 1944-45. The report said the recommendations were based on “more than a year of exhaustive study.” In its general conclusions, the committee found: “The public school system in the United States greatly needs improvement. Glaring inequalities characterize educational oportuni-ties and expenditures for schools throughout the nation.” The committee proposed division of the new grants into six major categories, as follows, the first sum being for the starting year of 1939-40 and the second for the maximum In 1944-45: I—eneral ald to elementary and secondary education, $40,000,000 — $140,000,000. 2 — Improved preparation of teachers. $2,000.000-$6 000.000 3—Construction of school build-prove, as a defense measure, the i,lgs to facilitate district reorgani- Navy Secretary Points To Need For Oil Reserve WASHINGTON, Feb. 23— T -Secretary Swanson asked the house judiciary committee today to ap- of “sham and pretence” in its efforts to safeguard European peace.) FAREWELL TO RING Joachim Von Ribbentrop, Reichsfuehrer Hitler's new foreign minis- j ter and retiring ambassador to Britain, wa* reported in unofficial j German circles to be coming to London shortly. Ostensibly this would be to say his formal farewell to King George, but with Anthony Eden out of the way as foreign secretary it was believed he would have “useful exchanges of views ’ with British leaders. French Ambassador Charles Corbin called at the foreign office with what was believed to be assurance that Premier Camille Chautemps would continue in office at least for the present and was prepared to give Britain’s new orientation full support. As Chamberlain moved to give effect to his policy, organizations representing the opposition labor party, trade unions and League of Nations associations arranged tor further demonstrations like that In the house of commons yesterday. The opposition backed the idealism of Anthemy Eden, who resigned the foreign secretaryship rather j that! pursue Italian friendship talks 1 under circumstances which he held would Indicate Britain was yielding to pressure from the fascist Premier Mussolini. Chamberlain, who held it his duty to seek peace with Mussolini and Gexmany’s Hitler and avoid “the friehtful question” of war, was reassured in his policy of practical dealings by a 330 to 168 vote of confidence from the house of commons. TO TALK WITH HALIFAX The conservative party premier planned to confer tomorrow with Viscount Halifax, acting as temporary foreign secretary, and with the Earl of Perth, British ambassador to Rome who was called back to London for instructions on the Italian talks. Lord Perth was expected to return to Rome immediately after seeing his chief and at once to open negotiations with the Italian forsee CRISIS, Pg. 12. Cot I REPLACES EDEN A personal frienl of Adolf Hitler and advocate of an Immediate British URderstanding with Germany and Italy, Viscount Halifax, above, replaced Anthony Eden as Great Britain’s acting foreign secretary. Observers predicted that Halifax would pursue the British diplomatic policy which prevailed before the World war— to make friends w ith the strongest nations first. Everybody likes pancakes— Or so It seems to Abilene Ki-wanians. Every member of the club a committeeman, they were presenting their reports on ticket sales for the Parent-Teacher milk fund pancake supper at the luncheon today. Almost every person contacted buys one. two and even sometimes 50 tickets, the co-chairmen. Homer Scott and Wiley Caffey, announced. “The response is whole-hearted —Abilene people are interested in providing milk for children who go to school without sufficient nourishment. Tile supper, with tickets at 20 cents each, has given many person* aq opportunity go make contributions who could not give larger amounts.” said Caffey. One Kiwanian turned in 150 tickets which had been purchased by one concern and its employes— these given back to the chairman with the request that the children who are getting milk also be given pancakes. Pangburn creamery purchased a block of IOO tickets. Other concerns have made similar purchases. All of which points to a full house for the supper, if all of the tickets which were bought are used. The club members today were con-j tigering a    to serve pancakes i Sec PANCAKES, Pg. 12, Col 5 <s> _    ® Row Flares Over Gloves For Battle NEW YORK. Feb. 23.—<*P—A row over the gloves heavyweight champion Joe Louis will wear in his 15-round title bout with Nathan Mann ; tonight enlivened weighing-ln ceremonies today. Tile gloves weighed six ounces, as provided under the rule*, but were of special design to accommodate Louis' large hand and abnormally long thumb. Ray Areel. Manns I trainer, took one look at the gloves and loosed a vehement protest that they were inadequately passed For 15 minutes the argument raged. Brig. Gen. John J. Phelan, chairman of the commission, finally I ended the dispute by ruling the I gloves were satisfactory.    1 Nye resolution calling for the United States to take title to submerged coastal oil lands, In a letter to committee Chairman Sumners (D-Tex), the navy secretary said petroleum reserves within the off-shore three-mile limit were being exploited by some municipalities as well as private interests. "Petroleum is a typical product which contributes substantially to the maintenance of the navy,” he said. “The preservation of the petroleum deposits in the area of submerged lands referred to for the future maintenance of the navy is of vital public importance and therefore It is prudent that appropriate measures be adopted at the earliest practical date to stop the exploitation of these petroleum deposits and to conserve them for the future use of the navy.” Former Representative Thomas L Blanton of Texas told the committee title to submerged lands off the California coast already rested with the federal government. Should it develop oil reserves there, he said, See SWANSON, Pg. 12, Cal. & zation. $20,000,000— $30,000,000. 4—Administration of state department* of education, $1,000,000— $2,000,000. 5— Educational service for adults, $5.000.000—$ 15,000,000. 6—Library service for rural areas. $2.000,000—$6,000,000. Drive On Venereal Diseases Okehed WASHINGTON, Feb 23 — P - A far-flung federal campaign against venereal diseases, barked with $9,-000.000 in government funds, won approval of the senate commerce committee today. Stocks Gain Up To $2 In Buying Wave Foreign Markets Lead Advance NEW YORK. Feb. 23-^^)—Falling in step with a rise in foreign markets, leading stocks and commodities swung up on a broad buy-: ing wave in early dealings today. Gams of a few cents to more than $2 a share were general at the opening of the stock market as I steel, copper, chemical, rubber and I other industrial shares were bought rn sizable blocks. Cotton, rubber, copper and other major raw materials resumed an advance following a rise In commodity markets abroad over the Washington’s birthday recess In domestic market*. WARTIME SECRECY IMPOSED— U. S. Navy Bars Newspapermen From Pacific Fleet Maneuvers lekes Asks U. S. And Anglo Unity Speech Seen As Expression Of Official Hope WASHINGTON, Feb. 23. MPV-Secretary Ickes’ call for Anglo-American unity against fascism and communism—avowedly made in the role of a private citizen—received immediate interpretation by Wash* ington observers today as a general expression of official hopes. These observers pointed out that) Britons who heard a radio speech by Ickes yesterday necessarily would Judge these words against a background of his position as a member of President Roosevelt’s cabinet: •“Hie community of interest that exist* between Britain and American, as well as between other peoples who believe in democracy* should be strengthened. TOTALITARIANISM RAPPED “Democracy can not live side by side in the same country with either fascism or communism. Totalitarianism. either of the right, or th« left Is alien to the spirit that dominates the English-speaking democracies of the world.” Ickes. emphasizing that he spoke only a* an individual, said the president, alone is “charged with responsibility for foreign affairs.” Hp was reported to have written his address before the resignation o! See I . S., Pg. 12, Col. 3 The Weather Sweetwater Man Is Travelers' Speaker A. S. Legg. district manager of the Texas Electric Servl company, Sweetwater, will address the ...... ...________ Abilene Traveling Men's association i William    B.    DuBose.    chief of    nav- at its semi-annual luncheon Sat-    ai    construction,    testify    it would WASHINGTON. Feb. 23 4’—The navy surrounded with wartime secrecy today its forthcoming fleet maneuvers in the Pacific where more than 50.000 men and officers will test the fighting strength of 150 war craft. Naval officials disclosed the secrecy order while the house naval committee heard Rear Admiral urday at the Hilton hotel. L. B. Jackson, president, will preside at the meeting, but the program will be in charge of Nib Shaw', chairman. further report of the membership committee drive will be made, Jackson stated, €> cost $3,200,000,000 to provide a separate fl-'et to defend the Atlantic coast. The navy's order barred newspaper representatives from all the fighting craft which will maneuver over the Pacific from Alaska to fiamoa and the Panama canal from the middle of March to late April. The only explanation given was that fleet problem No. 19. to be worked out in six weeks of mock warfare, was “highly confidential.” Publicity this year. the navy said, will be limited to Interviews with Admiral Block before and after the war games Testifying before the house naval committee. Du Bose said an independent Atlantic fleet would require 166 fighting ships costing about $2,800,000,000 and 53 auxiliary vessels at a cost of approximately $400,000,000. Du Bose’s testimony was received when the committee resumed hearings to inquire into the cost of an additional 1,000 airplanes. ABILENE and vicinity: Fair tonlaht and Thursday. Wfi>t    Texas:    Fair    tonight and    Thursday, slightly    warmer    In south portion    tonight, Hast Texas:    Fair. slightly colder in northeast, frost In interior, temperature 34 to 40 in interior of south portion tonight; Thursday fair. slightly warmer on coast. Highest temperature yesterday ... 54 Lowest temperature this morning . 31 TEMPERATURES Tues. Wed. pm.    a.m. 1 ...... 48    34 2 ...... 45    3* 3    ...... SI    34 4    ...... 53    £3 5    ...... 54    33 6 ...... S3    33 T ...... 48    31 S ...... 46    as 9    ...... 44    31 10 ...... 42    3T 11    ...... 40    42 Midnight...... 31 Noon ...    ...... 46 Sunrise .......T:13 Sunset ........6:33 7    p m. 7 a rn.    12 .34 p m. Dry thermometer . ftl*    33-    48* Wet Thermometer . 43*    32* Relauvc humidity .54    95    K ;