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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 22, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND SCORE Over-all quota Total Sales Series E quota Series E Sales $3,245,000.00 4,039,168.75 1,303,000.00 1,316,124.25 lUbflene Sporter i.mnn FINAL WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE IO FRIENDS OR FOES \\ E SKE I CI! YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS 11' GOES"-Bsvon VOL. LXIII, NO. 250. A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 22, 1944 -TEN PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Press (U.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTSChurchill Pledges Blitz Stepup •Nazi Forces t Yield Krivoi Rog to Reds % LONDON, Feb. 22.—(UP) — The German DNB news agency said today th^t German forces have evacuated the Ukrainian mining center of Krivoi Rog, the last Nazi • stronghold in the middle Dnieper bend. The fall of Krivoi Rog, coming on top of the loss of the manganese center of Nikopol, constituted one of the hardest w industrial blows the Nazi war machine has suffered since the beginning of the Russian winter offensive. A Soviet communique said that Russian troops had driven yester-(lav into the outskirts of the city, through which one of two German-held railways runs west from the Dnieper bend. The other line parallels it about 20 miles to the southeast. wa# ^ A drive across these lines by the Red army would trap a German force probably larger than the IO divisions previously encircled and crushed in the C'herkasy pocket 140 miles to £ the northwest, field dispatches indicated. * a a On the nortncrn end of the front, the Russian war bulletin said, Soviet forces captured the big German ^ base of Kholm. midway between *Lake Ilmen and Novo60kolmki. Capture of Kholm came after savage street fighting, in which upwards of 500 Germans were reported killed. West of Lake limens other Rad »armv forces were ^riving <?ntPS)kov, German communications base. from three directions credited officially with capturing approximately 112 towns and villages in yesterday s advance. Patrols Clash in SS American and British Armies to Be Equal n LL lr r ,yzJn|Psl"J Beachhead Fight weeks Knox Bv the Associated Pre^s When Invasion Starts; More Yanks Later ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, Feb. 22.—(API-Heavy artillery barrages and small but fierce infantry clashes marked the fighting yesterday in the Allied beachhead below Rome, where. Fifth army officers said today, savage American and British resistance and their counter-attacks definitely have beaten the Nazi all-out drive to push the Allies into the sea. American front-line troops and the Germans fired everything they had at one another at two points yesterday, but neither gained any ground and positions all along the beachhead remained as they were. Allied artillery, in a fierce exchange of fire throughout the day, shelled German infantry and tanks forming up around Aprilia “factory" east of Carroceto and apparently broke up preparations for a renewed enemy attack. None developed. Fifth army spokesmen interpreted relaxation of German pressure against the beachhead as meaning the German offensive to erase it had failed for the second time since the Allies landed below Rome just a month ago. At the coastal end of the main southern front in the lower Garig-liano region British troops engaged in several small clashes with the Germans, but around the vital highway town of Cassino and the equally bomb-battered abbey hill overlooking it, only patrols were active. Guns of both sides shelled back and forth. Prime Minister Churchill told the world today that Allied bombing far 92 Japanese    anything yet 'employed or indeed imagined" would strike Germany in every corner in prelude three weeks the final smashing by American and British invasion armies of approximately equal" power. Ovalo Airman Lost in Action TUSCOLA. Fob. 22—<Spl>—Word j came here Tuesday morning from Bennie McAdams of Dallas that his I brother. 1st Lt. Robert L. McAdams. I formerly of Ovalo, has been listed ! as missing in action over Germany since Feb. 4. I Lieutenant McAdams had been first pilot on a Flying Fortress sta- LONDON, Feb. 22—(AP)- By the Associated Press Destruction of vessels in the last three weeks to the find smashing by American and British invasion armies of "approximately eguai ' power. was reported by Secretary of Churchill said he could neither guarantee that the war would end this year, or extend into 1945, and the Navy Konx today, while ,    ,    ,    man    •    •    rn. ii Z •#/•*<-    .    .    ..... American commanders told :lcc'areci “‘tier still is in tun control in Germany, with 300 divisions in his army. of attacks by sea and air Half a million Nazis are fighting in Italy, and “Hitler evidently has decided to defend Rome with the same obsti-against enemy bases from I nacy as Stalingrad.’ But Allied leaders are confident of success, and reinforcements are pouring in from Africa. Paramushiro to Rabaul.    I    Other    main    highlight!    of    Churchill’s    first    war    review    in    Commons    since the Teheran and Cairo conferences: Knox coupled his disclosure of    Air    offensive I he U. S. bomber force in Britain “now begins to surpass our own and soon will be substantially heavy Japanese shipping losses 'greater still.’ lins air campaign against Germany—the foundation for invasion and “our chief offensive effort at present - will reach a scale “far beyond the dimensions of anything which yet has been employed or indeed imagined,’* with long-range bombers hitting Germany from Italy as well as Britain, Retaliation: “The Germans are preparing on the French shore new means of attack on this country either by pilotless aircraft or possibly rockets or both on considerable |scale,” but vigilant Allied air commands are ‘‘striking at all evidences of these preparations.” Invasion: While the British and American forces will be relatively equal at the outset, if this battle is prolonged “the continuous flow of Americans would make their force the xx ith the warning that “there is nothing to justify any estimates of an early end of the war in the Pacific.’* At his press conference, he spoke of undue optimism as the result of the audacious assault on Truk. Nipponese naval stronghold in the central Carolines. The 92 Japanese ships destroyed by American ships, planes r.nd submarines apparently included the 19 nrcater ” listed as sunk in the Feb. 16-17 car-rier strike at Truk, as well as other successes previously reported in communiques. Mrs. Gandhi, 74, .Taken by Death LONDON. Feb 22— T’ Mrs. Mohandas K. Gandhi, wife of the Indian leader, Is dead, the New Delhi radio said today. a Mr. Gandhi, 74. had .suffered m-w t'rmiuently from heart attacks at Ti* ^ On the Eighth army front across the peninsula, Allied artillery fire scattered two small German attacks towarq Indian-held positions In the Orsogna area yesterday. A Polish These forces were ' patrol killed four Germans northwest of Sant’ Angelo, inland about 35 miles south of Ortona. Allied airmen attacked German positions ringing the beachhead, and struck at enemy shipping and communication lines including the railroad yards at Orte and docks at Imperia and Leghorn. Three German planes were shot down without any Allied loss. The lull in fighting left approximately IOO square miles of the beachhead in Allied hands, with the front’s boundaries running roughly from the coast west of Carroceto more or less in a straight eastward line about a mile and a half below Carroceto to a point about two miles southwest of Cisterna, then due south to the beach again. The announcement, however, served to underline the mounting pressure against Japanese positions along a 3000-mile long front in the Pacific. I'. S. Soldiers and Marines captured stubbornly - defended Eniwetok island while air and surface units pounded adjacent Parry island to put the finishing touches on the successful six-daV old invasion of Eniwetok atoll at the western edge of the Marshalls. In a new victory against the enemy’s weakened shipping. General Douglas MacArthur reported that American air patrols destroyed nine enemy freighters and escort vessels as the\ attempted to flee Rabaul. New Britain. A 6000-ton Japanese vessel was sunk at Wewak. New' Guinea, rn bring enemy lasses for one week to 44 ships in the Bismarck archipelago area alone. • * • Completing a cycle of potent attacks on Japanese positions through-tioned    in    England since the first ou* *heir system of Pacific defense of    December.    {J_asCs NRv.v fliers returned to the ITALY: The "forces in the bridgehead are well matched,” but “we arc definitely stronger in artillery and armor" and air power. The fact there arc “something like half a million Germans now in Italy is not unwelcome to the Allies," giving the opportunity to fight the Nazis. “Mc have sufficient forces at our disposal in Africa to nourish the struggle as fast as they can he transported across the Mediterranean.” JAPAN: Tho air power of Japan also is being overmatched and worn down, and Japan s production is “incomparably small compared with that of the great powers Japan has assailed.” NAVAL: British action alone has sunk 19 enemy warships and many auxiliaries since Jan. I, 1943, and half the U-boats known to have been destroyed, and was largely responsible for sinking 315 enemy merchantmen The royal navy in the same period lost 95 warships by disablement and 7,677 officers and men of the royal navy, and 4,200 of the merchant marine. YUGOSLAVIA: Marshal Josip Brozs (Tito) and his Partisans more than 250,000 strong are engaging at least 14 of the 20 German divisions in the Balkans. Churchill said it had been asked whether articles in soviet newspapers implied a cooling-off in Anglo-Russian or American-Russian friendship and a rebirth of suspicion. The Allies, he declared, “are equally resolved to pursue the war at whatever cast to a victorious conclusion and they believe that a wide | ;>f vapor hjgh ,hc sky over Germany „ ,hcy swccp t„war,| Brunswick, important enemy aircraft production conter. (Al* Wirephoto from Air Forces)* ... MB FORTRESSES SWEEP TOWARD GERMAN TARGET—Fly* ing Fortresses of the U. S. Strategic Air Force leave trail* LT. R. L. MCADAMS Winnie Ordered War News Gag Son of the late Mrs. E. L. McAdams who taught /school in Ovalo a number of years, Lieutenant McAdams attended the Ovalo schools 1 tcrritory. Not where he was a star basketball Play- I More than i Kurlles chain to bomb Parammhiro and ShumUshu islands at the far northern end of Nipponese home a plane was last. thousand miles to LONDON. Feb 2 Minister Churchill — Pi— Prime disclosed in I field of friendly cooperation lies | before them after the destruction I of Hitlerite Germany." Britain is intensely interested In maintaining Poland’s independence, the prime minister continued, and is convinced that repeated Moscow declarations for a strong, independent Poland “represent the settled policy of the Soviet union.” “I have intense sunpathy for the er. He also attended Abilene Chris- I the south, army and navy planes correspondents at the Anzio bcach- commons today that the order for poles but I also have sympathy tightening censorship in the Mediterranean was made at his telegraphed request, and said news tian college.    j    damaged airfields, strafed shipping He received his commission as! and hit ground installations in second lieutenant in the A AF advanced flying school at Marfa in May, 1943. Another brother, J. E. McAdams. lives in Dallas and his uncle, Sid McAdanu lives at 2624 South 10th. Hp alo has a sister, Gladys McAdams. Texas Hereford Secretary Dead DALLAS. Feb 22— T— Funeral services were planned today for Thomas George Patterson, 59, secretary of the Texas Hereford association who died here Sunday. The body is to be forwarded to Minneapolis for burial. Patterson, a native of Canada who came to the United States at the age of ll, was a graduate of tho University cf Minnesota and was professor of animal husbandry there ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Na-six years. He taught also at the    ! pies,    Feb.    22-~</P>—‘Tho    Vancourtren University of Kansas. He came here    family    of    St.    Louis,    Mo.,    todav    rack- raids on three Marshalls atolls still liejd by the Japanese. Warships joined in the same day to shell other enemy-held positions in the in id-Pacific group of Coral islands threatened by American capture of Kwajalein and invasion of Eniwetok. Local WAC Sells Bonds Overseas from Vermont last June. MRS. GANDHI ^Poona where she was detained with her husband. Last Sunday an official announcement said her condition had taken a grave turn. The announcement by the governor of Bombay said she died at 7 35 P- rn. '9 15 a. rn. CWT today). Allies Raid Island LONDON. Feb. 22— T—An Allied air raid on Uljan island off Zara an the Dalmatian coast was reported in todays communique from Marshal Josip Broz’ i Tito • headquarters, which told of no major land fighting on the Yugoslav front. .Roosevelt losses .Back Revenue Bill cd up another honor, when Wac Pfc Adine wen a war bond sales content in the Mediterranean theater. She is the daughter of Mrs. Emma Vancourtren who recently was named America s number one war mother by New York City's Mayor La Guardia. Adtne's reward was a $100 war bond A $25 bond went to Staff Sg? Glynn Sligar, Dallas, Tex. Campaign directors included Lt. Annabelle Pace, Abilene, Tex. Tuscola Soldier Killed in Action TUSCOLA S-Sgt. Robert S. Roderick. son of Mr. and Mrs. C. O Roderick of Pecan Gap, was killed in action in Italy on Jan. 14. He was serving with the paratroopers. A nephew of Fd Roderick. Sergeant Roderick was employed in Midland when hr enlisted in the Army three years ago. heads “were not the people who caused the trouble.’’ Asked if he has imo ligated the increased restrictions—since relaxed—he said: "Inquiries did not take me long as I myself sent a telegram asking for stricter censorship on alarmist reports about the position iii the bridgehead — not by correspondents there but bv persons in Naples and Algiers.” He expressed pleasure that radio facilities have been restored to correspondents in the bridgehead. Warnings on Gulf HOUSTON Feb. 22—'J*—Small craft warnings for the Texas and Louisiana coasts were hoisted today from Brownsville to Morgan City by the United States weather bureau. Finn Port Blasted STOCKHOLM, Feb. 22——Rus- ! sian air raiders last night bombed the Finnish port of Uleaborg (Oulu' en the Gulf of Bothnia, accordin'; \ to the Finnish news agency. The Weather WASHINGTON. Feb. 22— P)— President Roosevelt tossed the $2,- 315.000.000 tax bill back to congress today with a veto message in which ^Jie described it as “wholly ineffec-'Tive" and a relief measure “not for the needy but the greedy.” In a message to the house, alreadv rumbling with talk of overriding the veto, .Mr. Roosevelt said the legislation was 'A "replete with provisions which * not only afford indefensible special privileges to favored groups but sets dangerous precedents for the future.” He said this tendency in itself was sufficiently dangerous to /^punter the loss pf ‘a very inadequate sum” in additional revenue. He calculated that the bill would pnrich the treasury by less than $1,- 300.000.000 net a year. The president, recogni/Jng widespread complaints over the com plexity of income tax forms, took occasion to lay the blame on congress. He said it was squarely the fault of the legislators in using language in drafting tax legislation “which not even a dictionary or a Thesaurus can make clear.” The chief executive said he hoped congress would act as quickly as passible to simplify tax laws which in turn would make possible simplification of forms and computation. Taxpayers engaged in an effort to win the nation’s greatest war, he declared, “are not in a mood to study higher mathematics.” Mr. Roosevelt had asked congress for $10,500,000,000 in additional taxes, and he noted that some prominent persons had stated that the figure was too low. Apparently he referred to Wendell L. Willkie’s suggestion for a $16,000,000,000 tax bill. with Ute Russian standpoint," he added. “I cannot feel that. Russia’s demand for reassurance about her western frontier goes beyond the limits of what is reasonable or just.” Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden is working with the Poles seeking a working agreement pending a post-war boundary settlement and a new statement may be made soon, the prime minister continued. • • • Churchill was in good humor, and evoked frequent applause and laughter as lie reassured the house of the progress of the war in Italy, at sea, and in the air. He warned that the Germans are preparing on the French shore new means of attack on Britain “either by pilotless aircraft or passibly rockets or both on considerable >calc," but declared the Allied Air Forces are vigilant and "we are .striking at all evidences oi these preparations." Churchill told commons that “the ll. S. bomber force in Britain now has brgun to surpass our own, and soon will be substantially greater still,” and termed the Allied aerial offensive “the foundation upon which our plans for overseas invasion stand.” This attack "must be regarded as See ( III Bt HILL, Bg. IO, ( ol. 2 ACC Leaders Speak In Lecture Series Allies Bomb Reich From South, West LONDON. Feb. 22 V —The first coordinated air attack against Germany from bases in the United Kingdom and Italy, were carried out today, with planes from the South and West hitting aircraft bs' the U. S. Eighth and 15th air forces, and was "the third major daylight bombing operation in aa many days aimed at destruction of ©•rmany's capacity to maintain an aerial d< tensive again.' t further factories and other targets, U. S. j bombing," the announcement said* Army headquarters announced.    "Our bomber divisions were sup- The combined assault was made ported by fighters of the Eighth, - Ninth    and lath Air forces and RAP, Dominion and Allied Spitfires." • • • This joint blow followed two consecutive attacks bv nearly 2,000 I. S. heavy bombers and fighters each time from Britain against aircraft factories and air fields in Germany on .Sunday and on Monday. H. E Vaughn, 942 Blair, was In- "Final assessment of victories in formed yesterday that his sister, the air during Monday’s operations Mrs. Alma Roberts of Fort Worth bv our British-based heavy bombers and lier two daughters, Virginia shows the bombers destroyed 15 Neil, 14, and Alma Ruth. 17, were enemy fighters, bringing to 51 the fatally injured in an automobile ' total number shot down that day, crash at 12:30 p. rn Monday near The destruction of 33 American air Weatherford.    force fighters was announced prev- Vaughan and his wife ana young iously,” headquarters added Abilenian’s Kin Killed in Crash Three speakers were presented in the Abilene Christian college chapel this morning as a part of the lecture series which opened at the school Sunday and will continue through Thursday. James F. Cox. former president of HEROES OF DRAMATIC SEA RESCX'ES^Oflice" and I ISL “'2?* f"'1,T™    °* I__________ i <• .t    ~    _    Bible    and    education,    spoke    on    the I S. DEP A BT MENT OI t OMMI Rt K Heather Bureau ABILENE and Vicinity: Mostly cloudy this afternoon: partly clouds tonight and Wednesday; not quite so warm tonight EAST TEXAS East of 100th meridian): Mostly cloudy, light rain east portion nm afternoon partly cloudy^^tonight I crew members of the “Arkansas Traveler,” a U. S. Navy Cat ion, Furl, have gone to Fort W< rth No details on for the funeral services, details of assault were riis< which have not yet been announced, Thr party was en route from Fort Worth to Strawn for burial rites for J. S. Roberts, father of Ray Roberts who was driving the automobile but escaped injury. The younger Roberts was a brother-in-law of Mrs. Roberts. Also in the car was Mrs Madeline today’s concerted oseri immediately. Earlier in the day American and British medium and light bombers I jabbed at enemy targets in tho I Netherlands and northern France. The official German DNB new* ; agency, in a broadcast dispatch reporting the daylight attack oil j southern German1 said that despite unfavorable weather and thick clouds, all available defenses oper and Wednesday; not quite ao ght and cast portion Wedii* WEST TEXAS: Fair this afternoon to- I night and jsast portion wednesday alma flying boat, pose before thc’ir plane at their base after night and Wednesday: cooler tonight. Highest temperature yesterday:    City Office, fill Airport. 63 Low cat this morning City Office 51 Airport 49. II MPI R VII RI S Tuev-Mon Mon-1 un ^victory BUY \ M 39—46 va 46 SB- 46 54—47 52 -47 51 —47 SS -47 51 —48 51    48 52    50 5+ 52 56—54 Hour P. M. I 56— 45 Sunrise this morning: Sunset tonight. 7.31 2 3 4 5 6 7 R » ll) 11 12 8.Ii returning from one of the most spectacular rescues of American airmen of the Southwest Pacific’ war.Thev landed four times in 13-foot swells and under constant enemy fire from shore at Kavicn. New Ireland, to pick up men on rafts whose ships had been shot down. Members are (above, in blister) Ensign Lew Fulmer, Little Rock, Ark., skipper, and Fnsign Walter Patrick. Des Moines, la.; standing (I., to R.): Joe P. 62 49 Germeau, Port Townsend, Wash.; Paul J. Woodnick, Min-6*1 48 neapolis; Lt. Nathan Gordon. Morrilton, Ark., patrol plane HD Tj commander; Ensign John Kelly, Staten Island. X. Yr.; Aleck nil 47 Alexander, Superior, Mont.: John Bratley, Cleveland. O.; ae- 46 (kneeling. L. to R.) Wiley R. Routon, Miami, Flu., and Robert Merch, Glendale, Calif. (AP Wirephoto). 58—47 59 -48 AO—49 purposes of the school. J. B. Collins of Big Spring, president of the board of trustees, spoke shortly on the progress of the col-lege and the confidence the board has in the faculty. Final speaker for the meeting was Hie school president Don H. Morris, who spoke on the future of the school. Batsell Baxter, president of David Lipscomb junior college in Nashville, Tenn , will be presented in the college auditorium at 8 o’clock tonight in an address on The Christian School Tile ACC orchestra will gi\c a concert beginning at 7 15 p. rn. Dionne of Fort Worth who suffered J rd un on the raid? a fractured hip, shock, and right I Brinish Masquit leg lacerations. The accident occurred west of Weathers cd. A witness reported that Roberts’ car skidded into an east bound car with a Connecticut license. According to the account. Roberts' car skidded nearly around, and, upon impact, both doors on the left side sprung open and the occupants were thrown on the highway. The accident was attributed to slippery pavement. The two girK died a few minutes after arriving at a Mineral Wells hospital and their mother died an hour later. State Highway Patrolmen Faze I of Mineral Wells said the woman driver of the Connecticut car was brought to Fort Worth with minor injuries. Mrs. Roberts is survived by a son. Joe Roberts, who is in the Coast Guard at Staten Island, N. Y.; her parents, Mr. and Mrs. G. N Vaughn of Weatherford; a sister, Mrs. Stacy Johnson of Weatherford; and two brothers, H E. and Luther of Dallas. bombers pene-Sec BC>MBI RS, Pg IO. Col. I THE TAX PRIMER AVAILABLE FREE! As a public service, The Reporter - News is offering The Tax Primer, a 16-page booklet prcaored by The Associated Press, as a simple guide through the intricacies of income tax returns. Call for yours at The Re-porter-News Business Office ... It s Free! (If requested by mail. please include 5c for postage and wrapping.) ;