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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 21, 1938, Abilene, Texas tEfje &Wlme Reporter VOL. LVII, NO. 275. iindtM PHM (API 'WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES "-Byron ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 21, 1938—8 PAGES Catted Pres* (CPI PRICE 5 CENTS Britain Moves For Anglo-Italian Understanding As Europe Studies Germany’s Equal Rights’ Demands Abilene Gets Heaviest ! Senate Shelves THEY PART WAYS CHILD VICTIM OF RODESSA TORNADO Snow In Seven Years Blanket Covers Area, Extends East lo Dallas Rain Or More Snow Forecast For Tonight West Texas cuddled under a cold, white blanket this morning, but the covering was fast disappearing this afternoon in many areas. A snow storm that reached Dallas and Fort Worth this morning in its southeastward sweep, brought Abilene three inches of snow, the heaviest in more than seven years. The mercury's minimum reading j here was 27 degrees; but at noon the efforts of the sun to break away the clouds had brought moderation. SIX INCHES NORTHWEST However, no quick return of the spring weather dispelled by iast week's cold wave has been forecast, j The prediction for tonight and Tuesday is for cloudy weather, with probably rain or snow. Tuesday, however, may be somewhat warmer. The snow ranged from six inches northwest of here to one inch at San Angelo. Many points reported sleet preceding the snow flurry which over a large area continued until several hours after daybreak. Altteuth Abilene* gasped in surprise when they peered out their windows this morning, they were not viewing the first snow of the winter. There was a brief preview of snow last week, enough to whiten housetops and spot the ground. Last November 22. Abilene had seen 1.7 inch of snow, one of the earliest flurries on record. Nearest approach to today's snow in more recent years was the .25 inches on January 1936. Records show there was a six-inch snow on December 21, 1930. Then for those who want the all-time records, there are the eight inches on January 16, 1919, and the following day, and eight inches on February 13 and 14 in 1895, The snow s moisture will amount to about .23 inch, said Weather Observer W. H. Green—enough to bring the February precipitation above the 1.01 inch normal for the month. Previous moisture this month has been .79 inch. January brought Abilene 1.49 Inch. Although snow always is hard on livestock, little damage had been reported today, and any lasses were expected to be more than offset by the value of the moisture to small grains. Expected to suffer most were goats, since this is the kidding season, and baby lambs likewise will See WEATHER, Pf. 8. CoL 4 Billy Fay Haddock, shown battered and bruised on her hospital bed In Atlanta, Texas, could not find her father and .... j mother after a tornado tore their home at Rodessa, La., to pieces. Falling timber cut and bruised her from head to foot. FDR Fills Vacancy On Maritime Board WASHINGTON. Feb. 21.—uT»)— President Roosevelt nominated Max O'Rell Truett of Missouri today to be a member of the maritime commission. Truitt fills the vacancy created by the resignation of Joseph P. Kennedy, now ambassador to Great Britain. The Weather ABILENE and vicinity: Cloudy, probably rain or snow tonlghi and Tuesday, somewhat warmer Tuesday. West Texas: Cloudy, snow In north and rain In southeast portion, not quite so cold in Panhandle; colder in extreme southeast portion tonight: Tuesday cloudy, slightly warmer In north portion. East Texas: Cloudy, probably rain in south and east and rain or snow In northwest portion tonight and Tuesday; slightly colder on lower coast tonight: somewhat warmer In Interior and on upper coast Tuesday. PRECIPITATION: 24 hrs. anding 8:30 a m. Mon .21 inch (Once first of year ........... 2    49    Inches Ram# period last year.........BO    Inch Normal since first of year .... 1,68 Inches Highest temperature yesterday 48 Lowest temperature this morning ..27 TEMPERATURES Mon. a rn. Negroes Break Beaumont Jail Two Recaptured After Escape By Ganging Jailer BEAUMONT. Feb. 21—i.Pi—Eight negro prisoners overpowered Jailer R. W Whitehead and fled the county prison early today. Two were recaptured soon afterward attempting to board a train in the Missouri Pacific yards. Tire prisoners, several of them rated as desperate and one known to have been armed with a pistol, ganged the jailer at 5.30 a. rn. when he took a mop and broom to their cell block for the morning cleanup, county officials said. Whitehead was not injured. A trusty carried word of the break to the engine room of the 14-story county building, from the jail of which today's was the first successful break, and police and county deputies were summoned. The armed negro was said to be Albert Summerall, under one 12-year sentence and awaiting trial in Texas and Louisiana on several charges of robbery by firearms. John Herron, under a 24-year sentence, was named by prisoners as leader of the break. Others xvere | described by officers as local negroes not believed dangerous. One previous attempted break from the jail, which occupies the top five floors of the courthouse, failed when the prisoners failed to get to the elevators. Allred Takes Issue On Land Proposal AUSTIN, Feb. 21.—i/Py—Declaring the federal government had no right to confiscate the public domain of Texas. Governor James V. Allred today asserted opposition to a congressional resolution which would authorize the U. S. Attorney General's department to take steps to protect federal rights to submerged lands along its coasts. The governor said he was considering going to Washington to attend a hearing Wednesday before the national house judiciary committee and oppose the resolution, authored by Senator Nye of North Dakota, which already has passed ihe senate. Vy 4h»rm imffp Vst thermometer Relative torpidity ® ® New Lewis Pool Producer Heads Extension Offset Finds Second Pay After Upper Show Upper Bluff Creek sand which made a producer of the Dale Smith and Bert Fields No. I Carter et a1, southeast extension to the Lewis pool of Jones county, failed to yield more than a slight showing of oil in its diagonal northwest offset, the Fain-McGaha Oil Corporation ana S. B. Roberts company No. 2 W. H. Daughtry. The offset, however, found good saturation in the second sand zone and made one head of oil after being killed with water this morning. Fain-McGaha and Roberts No. 2 Daughtry topped the first and upper sand at 1.882 feet to find a slight showing, drilled 14 feet of it Into a lime break at 1.906 feet and went int'' the lower sand body to drill 18 feet of saturation. Operators were still in the sand when the well began filling with oil. Water was run into the hole to kill the flow but the well headed oil and water. Pipe was being underreamed from 1,882 feet to 1.906 today in order to test the lower zone.    * The offset Is located 220 feet out of the southeast corner of the northwest quarter of the southeast quarter of section 37-15-TArP survey. Four miles south of the Lewis pool, operators were pulling big pipe on the Walter K. Jones No. I Ora Neas, five miles east of Hawley, in preparation for drilling out cement plugs Tuesday to test a showing of oil in the Hope lime sector at 1,953-50 feet The test indicates possible opening of a new shallow Jones county pool, bel ne located in D. Bustil-los survey No. 189. Lynch Bill To Take Up Relief Action Taken On Motion By Leader Barkley WASHINGTON, Feb. 21—<**)—'The senate shelved the anti-lynching bill today to take up the $250,000,000 emergency relief appropriation measure. The action, taken on a motion by Democratic Leader Barkley of Kentucky, ended a filibuster which had consumed 29 days of this session. Jubilant southerners who had fought the measure said they regarded the senate's action as assuring the bill would not be brought up again this session. Before the vote, proponents of the bill, headed by Senator Wagner (D-NY', had sought unsuccessfully to amend the motion so as to provide for later consideration of the bill. The relief measure, previously passed by the house, is designed to increase WPA rolls to a total of 2,-500.000 persons In asking that the anti-lynching bill be laid aside. Barkley explained that there appeared to him to be no chance cf obtaining unanimous consent to limit the anti-lynching debate and said he had done •'all I could” to get a vote on it. He noted, also, that two motions to invoke coiture, limiting each senator's argument to one hour, had been defeated. The vote on laying the bill aside was 58 to 22. Southern members have been conducting a filibuster against it since Jan. 6. thereby blocking virtually all other legislation. There were scattered efforts to increase the special relief appropriation. Senator Bone <D-Wash>, for example, wanted to boost it to $400,000,000. Chairman Byrnes <D-SC) of a special relief committee opposed any increase in the appropriation. C Of C Board To Select Manager Board of directors of the Abilene chamber of commerce met late this morning for business discussion and election of a secretary-manager for 1938. Action had not been completed at noon and the meeting was recessed until 1:30 m’hen discussion was to be resumed. All ffv ?ctors were present except O. D. Dillingham who was out of the city, and Claud W. Gill, confined to his home by illness. Markets To Close NEW YORK. Fob. 21—Tile Washington's birthday holiday will be observed by principal exchanges, commodity markets and banks throughout the country tomorrow. Livestock markets in Chicago and other centers will remain open as will finan ! elal exchanges abroad and in Cana-! da. FILING OF APPLICATIONS BEGUN— First Chain Store Tax License Goes To Druggist Filing of application for licenses and collection of taxes under the socalled "chain store tax law” started this morning at the local office of the Texas Comptroller’s department. 1152 1-2 North Second street. Receipt No. I for Abilene was issued to N. E. Peak of the Hotel Wooten Pharmacy at 8 o'clock by Henry F. Long member of the local staff. Despite its popular title, the tax app’iei to almost every establishment doing either retail or wholesale business. Numoer of liable stores in Abilene alone hasbeen estimate^. Hundred, •xact **• auiiciir tuuiir I IWN wnrrii Brrai ak between four and five^iiu "ire don't knc^ii yet the number of stores in Abilene that must pay the tax,' said D. A. Calfe?. “but it will be surprisingly largo because so few of the places are exempt.’* W. G. Teel, district tax supervisor, has been in the local office for several days making arrangements for the collection of the tax and expects to remain in Abilene for most of this week. “We hope everyone will come in and take care of this matter,” he commented. "The law has been found constitutional and it was re-troactivf; therefore the taxes for three years am no\* due These rang® from ll far year Hr a single store to as high as $13,000 for a chain of 51 stoles. “No deadline for payment has been set as yet and we hope that all Abilene merchants will have paid their tax before a deadline becomes effective Penalty for wilful failure to pay the tax is $25 to $100 fine and each day of such failure may constitute a separate offense.” Exempt from the levy are: Wholesale and or retail lumber and building material businesses engaged exclusively in the sale of lumber and building materials: anri-or oil and gas we IT supples    and equipment © See TAX.    8, Col 7 ® Chamberlain Replies To Eden On Cabinet Break Foreign Secretary Resigns In Cabinet Crisis On Italo Policy; Anxiety Mounts In Czechoslovakia After Hitler's Speech LONDON, Feb. 21.—(AP)—Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, in an amazing verbal struggle with his retiring foreign secretary, Anthony Eden, told a turbulent house of commons today that Britain had agreed to start negotiations for a new Anglo-Italian understanding “immediately” in Rome. Chamberlain declared that for Britain to rebuff Italy’s desires for such conversations would bring relations to a point “at which ultimately war between us might become inevitable.” The prime minister accused Eden, whom critics charged he had sacrificed to satisfy Europe’s dictators, of being “unfair” in implying that he (Chamberlain) had succumbed to Italian “now or never” threats. Frequently interrupted by jeers from noisy opposition members, who cheered Eden’s defense of his resignation last night, Chamberlain spoke for a solid hour. He insisted he had informed the Italian ambassador, Count Dino Grandi, there could ho -    no settIement without a solu- ANTHONY EDEN Kidd Named Texas Athletic Director AUSTIN. Feb. 21.—(UP)—Rodney J. Kidd of Austin, formerly of Southwestern university, Georgetown. today was named director of athletics for the Texas Interscholastic league. He succeeds the late Roy B. Henderson. Battle Raging In Heart Of Teruel Report Loyalists Are Surrendering HENDAYlf. France, Feb. 21.—(/Pi —Fighting raged in the heart of Teruel today and government defenders were reported surrendering in small groups as insurgent assault forces battled to regain full possession of the strategic south Aragon city. While the desperate government garrison was being pounded into submission, another insurgent force launched a new’ offensive against the Sa gun to highway, advancing five miles southeast of Teruel. It appeared that General Francisco Franco's army intended driving as far as possible toward the Mediterranean. Area Scouts To Feast Tonight Business Session Gets Under Way This Afternoon Executive council of the Chisholm Trail area. Boy Scouts of America, will meet in banquet session and business meeting at 7 o'clock tonight at the Hilton hotel. Tonight's program will be the closing feature of the annual meeting of the council which began at 2 o'clock this afternoon with a meeting of the nominating committee. Business session with a special convention type program was to begin at 3 and continue throughout the afternoon. Feature for the night session was to be the annual report of scout work and the election of officers for the council. These will consist of a president, three or more vice presidents, treasurer, scout commissioners and a scout executive. A new standard constitution and by-laws for the local council, the regional first aid contest for scouts of Texas, New Mexico and Oklahoma. and a senior program for advanced scouts will also be under discussion. Three council leaders who attended the National Jamboree will present their observations there. They are Eagle Scout Pete Place of Rule, Edwin Bumam of Abilene and W. Graham Webb Jr., of Alt.-ny. Dr. R. R. Lovelady, Santa Anna, will preside for the period to be devoted to the regional first aid contest. He is council health and safety chairman. Arrangements are to be made for purchase of the National Jamboree motion picture, four reels, 1,600 feet, to be shown throughout the council. The council now’ has more than 1.000 scouts and 265 volunteer leaders, serving young boys In cubbing, scouting, inter-racial scouting and the senior boy program. China To Protest Nazi Recognition HANKOW, Feb. 21 P -Tile Associated Press learned today that the Chinese government will protest formally against Germany's recognition of Manchoukuo. The protest will be made through the Chinese ambassador to Berlin. Chancellor Adolf Hitler's declaration before the German Reicbstag that Manchoukuo would be recognized created an unfavorable impression among Chinese government officials and aroused bitter resentment in the Chinf.se press. Return Of German Colonies Demanded BERLIN, Feb. 21.—(AP) — Chancellor Adolf Hitler gave Europe '& uneasy capitals no hint today of his next move as leader of a rearming Germany he declared was “entitled to equal rights” with other powers. CITES FOREIGN POLICIES His momentous relchstag speech yesterday demanding return of colonies Germany held before the world war and threatening passible armed force to protect German minorities on the reich’s borders failed to give the answer. Europe’s burning question, “What will Hitler do next,” resounded in foreign capitals with undiminished menace. Anxiety grew in Prague, where Hitler’s indirect reference to German minorities in Czechoslovakia was resented as challenging the sovereighty of that state, the home of some 3,000,000 pro-nazi Germans. In his three-hour relchstag address, Der Fuehrer touched pointedly on most phases of the reich’s foreign policy. He w arned bordering nations with France Fears Fascists Gains Chautemps Calls Ministers To Study Situation PARIS. Feb. 21. UP>—Resignation of Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden tion of the Spanish problem and that kny Anglo - Italian agreement would be submitted to the League of Nations. PEACE BASIS SOUGHT Denying there we* any question at this stage of what the terms of an Anglo-Italian agreement would be, Chamberlain went on: What w’e are seeking to do is to get general appeasement throughout Europe which will give us peace.” ‘ The peace of Europe must depend on the attitude of four major powers—Germany, Italy, France and arous*d French fears today that ourselves.” Great Britain, In the face of Ger- Eden and Chamberlain spoke be-many's aggressive    tactics,    was    turn-    *ore a    packed, intent house of coming abruptly to    a    policy    of    concilia-    ™ons-    in an atmosphere made tense .    , .    , t    by events of the week-end — the non with the fascist states.    bristling speech of Relchsfuehrer Powerful elements of the people's Hitler in the relchstag yesterday, front urged the French foreign l^e dramatic resignation of Eden minister to break away from its ™iICh*m^r*SValpid moves t0- ward accord with Italy, close democratic alliance with Eden gpok. with hls rlght fisl Great Britain, rather than follow dramatically clenched. He declar-such a lead.    ed he    bad resigned rather than deal _    . d    with    Italy in the face of Premier  . ' Mussolini s propaganda against Britain — “rife throughout the world" Even before Eden Premier Camille Chautemps, for- I eign Minister Yvon Delbos and other high French officials evinced anxiety lest British overtures to Italy take a course which the French government could not fol German minorities to quit “inflict- low without risk to alienating Its ing sorrow” on their subjects of own socialist and communist sup-German blood at the risk of pos- I porters at home. sible conflict with his armed forces. He informed Great Britain that she could have peace with the reich by turning over colonies she gained from Germany by world war victory. HAILS AI’STRO COOPERATION He hailed Germany’s new cooperation with Austria but gave no pledge to preserve tile independence of that former Hapsburg country in w’hich nazidom took sweeping strides last w’eek. He sided with insurgents in the Spanish civil war and with Japan in her war against ‘‘bolshevism in China." and announced German recognition of Manchoukuo, Japan's great puppet state on the Asiatic mainland. Germany, he announced, “does not even dream” of rejoining the League of Nations. His audience, which included diplomatic representatives of virtually all the world, heard him declare that German industry is ready for “a rearmament program such as has never been seen before.” His failure to mention any assurance on the independence of Austria or add new details of the Chautemps called a council of ministers for tomorrow to study the foreign situation, thrown into turmoil by Chancellor Adolf Hitler’s outspoken declarations in Berlin, and to approve France's augmented armaments appropriations. The belief that Hie Franco-Brit-ish alliance has been the strongest single factor in maintaining European peace made it appear certain, however, that the FYench government would do its utmost to keep its close relations with Great Britain. Land Investigation Moves To Dallas and ll Duces “glorification'’ of Italian victories in Spain. "Agreements that are worth w’hile are never made on the basis of threats.” he cried. CONFEERS WITH GRANDI Before the momentous session of the commons opened. Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, who accepted Eden's withdrawal from his government last night, held a surprise conference with ll Duce s ambassador. Count Dino Grandi. CHAMBERLAIN DETERMINED The determined prime minister, in spite of world wide reverberations from what some of the critic* called the sacrifice of Eden to Europe* dictators, went ahead full speed with his new cabinet-ap-, proved approach to Mussolini. If competent predictions are correct, Chamberlain will name as foreign secretary Viscount Halifax, Lord president of the council and a recognized friend of Nazi Germany. Halifax was the envoy Chamberlain sent last fall to talk friendship with : Hitler. Some quarters said Hitler and Mussolini had warned Chamberlain DALLA9, Feb. 21—The investigation of Land Commissioner WU- ___________ ________ ___________ Ham H. McDonald moved to Dallas ; fiauy must get rid of Eden be- today.    f0re    any    progress    could    be    made    to- Memoers of the senate s general investigating committee said they probably would spend several days here digging deeper into the commissioner's actions . on oil lease awards and land vacancy claims. McDonald has been under repeated fire from Governor Allred, who em- ...      _    .    .ployed a special attorney to help the Austrian - Germany understanding committee question witnesses. was a major cause of European interest in the hearing was anxiety.    heightened by McDonald’s candid - ( ZECHOSLO\ AKIA WORRIED acy jor renomination in the demo-His statement that the agreement cratic primary five months hence had liquidated an “unendurable and the fact that William McCraw. catastrophe” was interpreted by who aspires to be Texas' next gov-some as a plain hint to Czecho- ernor, has been drawn into the Slovakia to 'get right with Hitler spirited controversy between the before it Is too late.”    commissioner and Allred. See ENGLAND, Pg. 8. Col. 2 What Is Your NEWS I. a? BIG SPRING MINISTER SPEAKS— 800 Turn Out For First Week-Day Meeting Of 21st Annual Bible Lectureship At ACC Surprising attendance, approximately WX), at the first week-day meeting of the 21st annual Bible Lectureship of Abilene Christian college marked appearance this morning in Sewell auditorium of Melvin J Wise of Big Spring. Wise, speaking on “Christ, the Fulfillment of Prophecy,” quoted Luke 24:44, “And He said unto them. These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you. that all tilings must be , fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me (Jesus Christ).” “The development of Jewish thought centered around the coming of the Messiah is evident to the student of the old scriptures,” said Wise. “For 1900 years the Jewish people have had to face the fact that they denied their own testimony in refusing to accept Jesus as the son of God ” Wise was minister of tilt North Side Church of Christ here two years prior to last fall, when he re- j i turned to the Big Spring church j where he served before coming I here. This evening Glenn Wallace. I minister at Cleburne of one of the larger congregations of Texas, will f speak at 7:30 on “The Virgin Birth of the Christ.” Wallace was graduated at A. C. C. in 1931 and has been very successful as a local minister, in Wichita, Kans.. and Cleburne, as well as in evangelistic work. Out-of-tow’n attendance was expected to grow this evening and tomorrow as ministers from throughout the country had time to reach here after filling their home pul-1 pits Sunday. Tomorrow’s program includes lectures at ll a. rn. by Jesse P. Sewell, San Antonio, president-emeritus of A C C; at 3:15 p. rn. Hulen Jackson. San Saba, and Paul Southern, minister of the North Side church i here, at 7:30 p. rn. tty AP feature service. Each question counts 20; each part of a tw’o-part question. IO. A score of 60 is fair; 80 good. Answer on page 4. 1. Who is this “big navy” man? 2. Was the principal issue in Germany’s recent internal troubles ta) Hitler’s determination to nazify the army, <b) whether Air Minister Goering should be made a field marshal, or (c) whether Hitler should stop advocating union with Austria? 3. When President Roosevelt early in February asked $250,-000.000 more for unemployment relief, at what figure did he set the decline In jobs? 4. Russia in recent years has taken the lead in Arctic exploration. Trup or false? 5. Have the United Mine Workers been suspended from the AFL, or expelled? ;