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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 20, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND SCORE Xlver-all quota Total sales Scries E quota Series E Sales $3,245,000.00 1,303,000.00 1.313.068.00 tEfje Abilene Reporter SUNDAY T I VOL. LXIII, NO. 248 WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES \\ ESTRICH YOUR WORLD I X KCI EY KS El OOI S”-B \ mn A TEX AS 2m»u, NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY £0, 1944    —THIRTY-TWO PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Pres-, AP) United Pre** (UP.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Americans Press Beachhead Littered With German Dead ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, Feb. 19.—(AP) — American and British troops have carpeted the ground before their Anzio beachhead line with German dead and in iPur days have wiped out as many as half of some Nazi units in one of the greatest and most crucial battles of the war. front dispatches reaching here disclosed tonight. Meeting the German attempt to push them back into the sea with a hurricane of steel. Fifth Army troops fell back one sector but kept their lines intact and prevented a break-through. The Allied soldiers were fighting doggedly to wear out the Germans. ^far Prisoners Must Labor, Says Sen. Somervell DALLAS, Feb. 19— </P> —Every Against them the Germans have thrown at least four divisions of infantry and armor in this battle on the beachhead front south of Rome. Allied airmen in a day of intense activity over the beachhead todav shot down at least 17 Nazi planes and probably destroyed five others of the more than IOO enemy aircraft which attacked the British and American ground troops. Tile grim determination of the prisoner of war in the United States British and American Infantrymen af the beachhead wa.s praised by Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark todav who said that these soldiers had risen subject to labor under the provisos of the Geneva convention will be put to work, it was announced following a three-day conference of Army ''Service Forces here. Lt General Brehon Somervell, commanding the service forces, said Hfct in view of the manpower shortage, prisoners of war will be put to work wherever possible Following this statement, Col Joseph F. Battley, deputy chief of staff of the Army Service forces. that under the plan formulat-e^at the conference, every prisoner would be given a job to do. The fobs, he said, would not dis place civilian labor and Pawners    rou]rJ    bf    cxpected    Grn would not be used where sufficient Clgrk    til    at    the tree labor was rn available. The work given the prisoners. he explained, would be under the terms of the Geneva convention whereby prisoners of war may be put to work at jobs not directly concerned with the fjlar effort. Under the Geneva convention. officers are not required to work. enemy was finding it increasingly difficult to pick soft spots on the peri mete' of the beachhead. In the day s air battles over the beachhead American medium bombers shot down eight out of 20 German Ola nos that tried to intercept their bombing of # Nazi supply dumps around Carrbceto. Returning Dilots said that five more German planes were so bad ly damaged that they probably To date prisoners have been used crashed. Tile bombers blew up a tn agricultural and forestry work. gasoline dump which sent flames ••olmiel Battley said General spouting 200 feet in the ait Somervell has not been satisfied Seven German planes were shot mtji idle prisoners of war in face down by British fighters and two of the pressing need for manpower j by American fighter bombers. in this country. “Prisoners will not be put to work j^t to give them something to do," Unsaid, ‘ but they will be constructer, necessary jobs." He added that the plan called for moving the prisoners to whatever place they are needed. General Somervell, in outlining topics of the inference said the following had been taken up: I. Personnel problems, both military and civilian. 2. Questions of security. 3. Ways of stepping up the (general training program and stepping up the tempo of moving men overseas, some training periods are being shortened. 4. Reduction of inventory as jmurli as possible. Quality of rnanigement would be increased the quantity of storks and equipment were depleted. 5. Problems in respect to funds and possible economy measures t a will be taken T Problems of demobilization. The latter were discussed at a secret session general Somervell said, adding that demobilization impro-Visations necessary after the last vial will not be necessary after this dm provided that long range planning is done.    t "We plan for war years ahead in time of peace." he said. “In time of ; was still holding as De Luce wrote. war, we are planning months ahead — for peace.” Col Victor W. B. Wales, commander of Catnip Barkery, said last night as far as it was known here there will be no change in operation of the prisoner of war camp at Berkeley because of plans work-p %)ut at Die Dallas conference He said each of the .small number of prisoners at Camp Barkeley have been assigned work, in line with current orders on the subject, activities including a limited amount rework on farms near Abilene. Denton Youth Hurt In Auto Accident jftlw; rd Gibbs. IR. of Denton, wa in* Hendrick1 Memorial hospital last night suffering from head inturn following an automobile accident yesterday afternoon. Mrs. Homer Gibbs, mother of the victim, said last night she knew ve^L little of the accident with the exception that her son, his wife and Mr. and Mrs. Douglas Peters, all of Denton, were between Abilene and Lubbock when the accident ochred. rLbbs was not considered in a ap %.is condition by hospital attendants. Sgt. G. W. Rivers, Tuxedo, Killed to new heights of courage and skill in the bitter .struggle. He marie this statement after another visit to his advanced headquarters at the beachhead, and said he was inspired anew by the way the Allied troops had guarded their position against numerically superior forces. He had praise also for the Fifth Army tankmen and the Allied naval forces engaged In the battle. Warning that further German A dispatch filed frcen the beachhead at noon todav by Daniel De Lure, Associated Press correspondent, summed up the situation as of that moment by saying: “I ield Marshal Albert Kessclring’s offensive is being held." De Luce had filed a dispatch 12 hours previously declaring that Kesselring by the weight of his infantry-armor blow s. supinated bv artillery and air power, had forced the Allies back in the sector four miles wide. Tile correspondent asserted. however, that the Allied ti oops had prevented a breakthrough and the Germans failed to gain tactically decisive ground On the main front south of Ca sino as well as on the Anzio beachhead the Allies were engaged in one of tile decisive battles of the war against German forces brought from many parts of Europe A new- phase was indicated with a reinforcement of the Fifth Arim at Cassino bv Indian and New Zealanders brought from the Eighth Army on the opposite side of Italy Tile character of the beachhead fighting was shown in one instance cited bv De Luce in which an American infantry unit, although cut off bv German advances on both its flanks, held fast for 72 hours without budging an inch. It WASHINGTON. Feb 19 —(UPI — The War Department made pubic today the names of 190 United States soldiers killed in action, including: I MEDITZ R R A SEAN AREA) Rivers. Sgt George W Jr. — George W. Rivers, Father, Tuxedo, Jones County, Tex. Palik Jokai Harbor. ■ V JOKAJr- PONAPE par am    Harbor Os ^v-MANT rCc2> ISLANDS fe&j* ISLA j^ri/ Harbor Tk Ah Takaiu / US Motalamm /}^*Harbor <S:W9 VNANMATOL J ISLANDS O’' \Mufok Harbor Mof Harbor STATUTE MILES Eft C ERTAIN OBJECT OF BOMBS—Ponape, rugged island in the Caroline group mandated to Japan by the League of Nations, is one of the strongest Nipponese bases between the Marshalls and Truk. With the capture of Engehi yesterday it is certain to receive much bombing, as Engehi is within easy distance for use of land-based planet. Rabaul Bombarded; Engebi Isle Falls Daring and victorious American forces pressed closer to Truk yesterday with assault troops, naval guns and bombers. Marines captured Engehi island and its airfield on Eniwetok atoll, within bomber range of Truk—pivotal point of Japan s central Pacific defenses. Destroyers shelled Rahaul and Kavieng, once mighty fortresses tin New Britain and New Ireland. Rahaul was left in flames, shore batteries were silenced, and a dozen small vessels damaged. A tanker exploded at Kavieng. Bombers sank four merchantmen and damaged two destroyers and a tanker at Rahaul. Eight Japanese and four Allied pl anes were shot down. Rahaul and Kayoing are about KOO miles south of Truk where. Tokyo radio said. “The decisive battle of the Pacific has entered its actual phase at last.” Capture Sets Up Land Bases For Campbell's Sold Bombing of Truk To Oklahomans Sale of Campbells Department store, one of Die oldest, largest and most-widely patronized in West Texas, was announced yesterday by T. C. Campbell Sr and his son, C J. 'Pat', and T. C. Jr. The buyers are Fred W. Lint/ and Joseph E. Chastain of Guthrie, Okla It was a cash transaction and, although the sum involved was no* disclosed, it was one of t ar firyev deals of its kind in the history of thp city. The store, at Third and Cypress streets, will be closed Monday for inventory. The sale ended a 41-year career in the department store business in Abilene for the senior Mr. Campbell. For more than IO years his sons have bren equal partners with him in the business. He came here in 1901 to work for the Morgan Weaver company, one of the city's first general merchandising firms. That business was sold after a few months to Minter Dry Goods company. another pioneer institution and Mr. Campbell worked for Minter s for a while before going into business for himself. a a a Mr Campbell, pointing out that he and his sons have interests outside the store larger than that business. said that they would continue their partnership operations and open a downtown office soon Their interests consist mostly of lands and other real eMatc, not only in the city and this section but in other parts of Texas and other states. “I hair watched Abilene grow from a small town," Mr Campbell sr id. “I nm proud of the progress Abilene has made and my sons and I are very appreciative of tile progress our firm has been abir to make through tills long period.” I "We are selling the store only," he said. "For some time we have considered selling tile retail department store for we knew that our interests    out    id*    (hr    store had    been neglected.    We    will    undertake    now to see    that those    other interests receive the attention they merit. We plan to open of I ic es downtow n in the near future.'' « I    • Tile store will for the present be advertised as Campbells Department store with the words "Succeeded by Lintz Department Store'' added to the signature, said the new owners. They stated that they planned to use the “same people, the same policies and to offer the same lines of merchandise." "I ha\p learned," said Mr. Lintz.” "ee ( AMPBELL'S Page 4. Col. 4 McEachern Taken ROSWELL. N. M . Feb. 19 - I Deputy Sheriff Coke Flores reported that he hed arrested Robert Mc-Eachern. escaped Texas convict, today on a bu.' at Artesia, 43 miles south of Roswell. McEachern offered no resistance, although Flores said he carried a 45 caliber automatic in a shoulder holster. Flores met the bas on a tip that McEachern had bought a a ticket at Dexter a few miles south of Roswell. McEachern was reported to have admitted his identity and his escape from Huntsville. Texas, prison where hp was serving a life sentence for murder. The Weather I s. l>| CAR I .MI NT OI COMM! RC I IV I \THI K Kl Kl Vt MI 11 I NI AND VK ISITI: (loud' with rain and warmer Sunday; Monday cloud' with occasional rain. EAST ll \ VS Cloudy with rain and warmer Sunday:    Monday cloud' with : occasional rain in east and south pot 1 (inns; warmer. WI s>t ll VAS: < loud' with light rain Salida.' . es< cpl parti' cloud' in ll Paso area and Hi* Bend rountr' slighll' ncmrr sun das Mon dx' parti' cl mid' and w a r rn r * I IM BI K CII IU s sal CM I r i HIU R s„t |> m Tri 11    —    sa    i    it    —    11 tit    —    ;« ....... ;    ..... :»I    —    :r> 39    —    35 ....... :t      .vt    —    tv tx    —    va    ....    I .....  :u    —    to 37    —    :?« ....... V      33    —    .vc, 33    _    mu ....... «      :t:t    —    av :u    _    ;,u    ...    -      33    _    VI 33    —    m ....... X      33    —    34 aa    —    id ..... ti      3i    —    33 33    —      Ill      31    —    at 33    —      II     .av    —    33 ,    33    —    I-*    aa    —    sa High and low- temperatures to 9 p m 3a to 13. High and low sam* date last year. 73 and VI. Sunset last night 'I*!. Sunrise this morning. *.16. Sunset tonight; 730. T. C. CAMPBELL German Bombs Damage London LONDON. Feb 19    (4* Wide spread damage was found in half a dozen districts of London today after waves of German heavy and fighter-bombers, facing a deadly anti-aircraft fire, dropped tons of explosives and incendiaries in their strongest bid to set thp capital ablaze since the all-out attacks of 1940-41. Several dozen persons were counted dead as a result of last night s raid. in which the Germans may have used as many as 150 planes There was no official announcement either of the total involved. the number which reached London,' on the number shot down over Britain. With the dawn London began to assess its damage The bombs hit at least three churches, two hospitals, a ccm vent, an old folks, home, school buildings, stores, dwellings and other buildings Fires ringed the city, lighting the horizon, but all were under control by morning. Dozens of injured were taken to hospitals, and rescuers dug in the debris throughout the day seeking many believed to be still trapped The first unofficial reports of German planes shot down by ground defenses came from a district where American gun crews were rn action and which claimed five raiders destroyed Three <    - prs. including two of the new Mp*--sersehmitt 410s. wert shot down over continental base by Canadian Mosquitos on intruder patrol Soldiers To Aid in Albany Scrap Drive ALBANY, Feb. 19 —(ITW(—Scrap iron in Shackelford County will be "magnetized’ to the war effort by fortv soldiers from Camp Wolfers w'ho will begin an intensive sera,) campaign Feb. 28. according to Ollie Clarke. Albany chamber of commerce manager. Tin’ goal is 1,000.000 pounds of scrap metal, Clarke said In 1942 1.320,000 pounds of scrap metal. 80,000 pounds of rubber and 630.000 pounds of aluminum were gathered Since then a local scran buyer has been taking the local offerings In 1943, again over IOO tons of metal, lf) tons of scrap rubber were gathered from the area. Bv WILLIAM HIPPLE U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, Pearl Harbor, Feb. 19—(AP)—With a mighty smash American Malines captured Engebi island with its important an base one day after landing on Emwetok atoll in the Marshalls. Several other islands in the northern portion have also fallen to the Americans. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz so announced today, maying that preliminary reports indicated American casualties have been light. Other Islands of tne atoll captured were not named, but islands from that area, include Mu/mbaarikku. Yeiri and Rujivoru, .southeast of Engebi and Boffos, Bogannkk. Elugelab and Bo-gallua to the northwest. The victory in many ways rivaled the lightning victory at Kwajalein atoll 400 miles to the southeast. Assaults on other portions of the atoll are proceeding on schedule. Admiral Nimitz said. His announcement did not indicate how much resistance the Japanese offered the Xmeriean Invaders at Lngebl with his 5,-000-foot air strip. The capture of Engebi puts our forces 750 statute miles west of the Japanese’ great fortre. s of Truk which was attacked by a great force of American ennui-based planes and the result of which has not bren disclosed because radio silence must be observed by ships of the attacking forces. There was no indication of the mzc of the Japanese garrison defending Engebi and the surrounding Islands, in the westernmost Marshalls. but It Is probable preliminary ship bombardment and plane bombing and strafing killed many of the defenders and knocked out main defense positions before the 22d Marine regiment charged ashore. f or the first time I ruk is within range of American land-based planes. Ponape. 415 miles southwest of Engehi. is within easy range even of medium Mitchells and their 75-mm cannon. Seabees probably followed the assault troops ashore and began immediate rehabilitation of the battered Engebi field after its capture. There was no mention of army troops in today’s announcement A triangular shaped island, Engebi Is approximately one mile long on each of its three sides. The 5,000-foot runway Is located on the northwest shore and bears east to west. As a prelude to the major attack on Truk and the invasion of tile Eniwetok atoll. Arm and Navy planes and warships joined in ne l-tralizing attacks on Pnpatip and Kusaie. both important Nioporuse ba e in the Carolines and other bases in the Marshalls between Feb. 14 and -8. At Eniwetok they real lied the closest air and set position afforded by the Marshalls for an offensive against the ( anilines to the south, Marianas islands to the east, or Make to the north, only "Oft miles from En!-* wetok. Obvious goal' of the American forces were Eniwetok islet longest of the 30 total uh rising above the coral reef and nearbv Pin" island. Banana-shaped En iv e'ok is slightly more than two mile: long and shelters one of the bes? harbors in the Marshalls These major Islets are flat enough for air strips. .04 Inch Rain Here Precipitation here yesterday, a cold drizzly daw amounted to .04 inch, the weather bureau reported Light rain wa* predicted for Sunday. WI Airfield HT* * /—britain; ’^Kokopo By MURLIN SPENCER ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, Sunday, Feb. 20.— (AP)— American destroyers daringly shelled once mighty Rabaul and its supplementary base of Kavieng early Friday for the first time in the war. Moving boldly to within four miles of those Japanese strongpoints on Northeastern New Britain and Northwestern New Ireland, they duelled with shore batteries and silenced thorn. They heavily damaged shipping, They blew up shore installations. Then thev departed undamaged At Rabaul, they smashed at Simpson Harbor which lies deep within Blanche bav. Huge fires were set In dock areas At Kavieng, the deal rovers e'en remained until after dav-hreak, Rahaul was approached hr the destroyers under rover of a smoke screen. I lie opposing shore batteries were knocked out. Flames were spread over the docks by the warships’ shells. The warships at Kavieng, 160 miles northwest of Rabaul, hit a tanker which exploded. Other shells fell on small coastal vessels in the harbor. Tile docks were engulfed in flames after being hit. Coastal batteries were rendered impotent to resist the naval raider' Tile bombardments were d'selo'cd today In a communique of General MacArthur. He ai n reported that only the dav prior to Hie .shelling of RRbaul toroedo and dive-bombers from the Solomons hit 12 shine and 20 barges in the harbor there Four medium sized cargo vessels and a tanker were belie'rd sunk Heavy damage was caused to two destroyers, a tanker and a patrol vessel. In Hie Thursday air «trike at Rahaul, 150 Dauntless dive-bombers, Avenger torpedo bombers. Corsairs and Mar-hawks got In their Heavy licks despite the opposition of ,50 Japanese pl mrs of w hich eight were shot down. The raiders lost four planes. The bombardments of Rahaul and Kavieng occurred approximately at the same time. Tile warships at Rabaul moved into positions they would not have cl a red take even a few months a-in. A Japanese destrover came out to J oppose them but thought bettet of i* after a few .salvos were sent its I way I* retired A* Kavieng the Japanese vent one flight of nlane* against the rie-■4 rovers but the raiders were driv-; en off Immediately after that *t-taek 'tarted, some .shipping in the J harbor Rot under wav and fled the scene but ll or 12 ships were j hi* and damaged On some of the Green islands, j which Americans and New Zealanders invaded Tuesday at, the I top of the Solomons to cut off I supplies to 22 000 Jaofinese on other ^ islands to the 'Oiith, some ground fighting continue*. Conservation Up FORT WORTH. Feb 19 - T— \ U. S. Department of Agriculture vt-! port released today says conservation farming and ranching Increases Texas crop, pasture, and range production an average of 33 percent The report summarized information supplied by 1,400 Texas farmers and ranchers whose conservation plans on 864 773 acres have been 70 to IOO per cent established for ‘ periods of two to six years. UHE HME ARRIV ED—Rabaul bas been the object of much Allied activities in the Pacific but it got its first shelling yesterday. Here is a closeup of the community surrounding this important base. 72,300 NAZIS-DIE IN TRAP LONDON, Sunday. Feb. 20.—(AP)—The Russians announced last night that they bad not only killed or raptured 78.200 (.moans in the 14-day battle of the Korsun trap but bad seized an immense armory of Nazi equipment, including lUjgOO trucks. HIK guns and IIH tanks. The Nazi Eighth army , commander’* body also whs declared found among the dead. The announcement said Expect Nippons lo Seek Peace WASHINGTON, Feb. 19— that 10,000 more Gentians had been counted since figures on German losses in the great Dnieper bend debacle had been made public first last Thursday. Among these were 2.000 dead, making a total of 52.000 slain, and 7,200 addi* washington, Feb. 19    .    t*    — tional prisoners for a total of The possibility that Japan max ha 18.200 captives.    forced to pull out of soma of her The announcement was made in SProndary lsUnd p,wttlons ln th# a statement broadcast bv Moscow jartir,    Central Pacific, fight a delaying Later, a Moscow midnight billie- action at others and concentrate on tin gave details of Mr,uh Russian strengthening an inner defense ring ■ advances in the north where MO is receiving serious consideration I more communities were captured I in Hie three-way drive on Pskov, I Rateway to the Baltic states. The rail .station of Plyussa, >8 I miles northeast of Pskov on th*’ in military and naval quarters here. Such an enemy 'trategv could result from Hie cumulative effect of Hie forces now working against th* Japanese, and some officers be-Leningrad-Pakov railway, wa* taken lieve it is inevitable They do not after a tense fight which cost the Germans hundreds of dead, the late bulletin said Min Ii war material was captured on that front and many prisoners taken. Ski troop.* were active, making surprise raid* behind enemy strongpoints and suddenly flanking positions the Germans had counted secure. To the east the Russian forces which captured Stain va R.ussa lot*' a great semi-drcel of territory out of German hands to the west and southwest of Starai a Rassa Tile rail station of Tuleblva ll mile ' , t of Staraya Rassa on the railroad to Pskov, was captured anc Khartno, 21 miles southwest of Hie ancient city, also fell, the Russians said Moscow also announced that Russian planes bombed Pskov Fridav night as dozens of German arm trains were being loaded Eighty fires broke out and Hie entire junction was wrapped in flames, the report said. see any other way for the Japanese to accomplish their main purlin* of dragging nu’ Hie Pacific war in the hope the Allies will get, tired of the whole business and agree to a compromise peace. A» part of an enemy strate** developed along (his line it ia also believed that from time to lime Tokyo will launch peace offensives, irs tug especially lo capitalize oil conditions at the end of the war in Lurope. With such a peace the Japanese would gain \oars to prepare for another fling at conquest. Japans position in the Central Pacific results from three main ca uses: I The effective strength of America s Pacific fleet, land and air forces as demonstrated by the fact ilia’ fleet units Were able this week to penetrate to the well-defined bastion of Truk while simultaneously other units covered the Invasion of Eniwetok and still others. Tokyo claimed, assaulted Maleolap and Tar oa. 1. The decline In Japan’* shipping strength, due in great part to \merican submarine successes. This is a direct blow to the defense of the outer island positions such as those in the Carolines. surrounding Truk. The cnrm' has to choose whether he will attempt to keep all the bases inadequately supplied and partially restored after each \meriran air and sea raid or whether he will concentrate on defending a few well. 3 The qualitative Inferiority of much Japanese war equipment, Japanese plane losses average several times those ct the American air forces and airmen say this ia bet aute their planes, and pilots as well, simply are not good enough to put viji a fight on rqual terms. Tile enemy's tenacity and courage rn battle and his frequently good naval gunnery have failed to compense for other tactical weaknesses. Convention Called CANADIAN. Feb. 19 - T — Tile parts of the nation free of the dis- Fifth annual convention of the Na-ease for veals, Dr Asa C Cliand- tional Rodeo association will be held ler told the annual convention if at Fort Worth March 12-13. Asso-the Texas Club of Internists to- elation Secretary C. A. Studer aaid day.    1    today. AOM Directors Stand by Eudaly COLLEGE STATION. Feb IIF J* - F. M Law of Houston, president of the board of Texas A. A: M college said tonight directors of the college are standing pa* on their selection of V. R Eudaly to head the extension service. The directors' unanimous view that Eudalv is the best qualified man for this position is unchanged, Law said. "Today s special meeting was called immediately upon receipt of a letter from M L. Wilson, Washington extension director." he added. Mr. Wilson's letter inquired if we had any more names to suggest other than that of Mr. Eudaly. "Mr Eudalv was the unanimous choice of the directors for the post and we so informed fir Wilson two months ago. The opinion of the board members has not changed one iota with regard to Mr Eudaly and in the meeting today we reaffirmed this opinion.” Outbreak Seen HOUSTON. Feb 19 —■ h—Troops returning from overseas duty will touch off outbreaks of malaria in ;