Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 19, 1944, Abilene, Texas
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^VOL. LXIII, NO. 247
A TEXAS A-uw, NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 19, 1944 • EIGHT PAGES
AS PACE OF GLOBAL WAR QUICKENS—
Associated Press (AP)
United Press tU.P.)
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Beach Front Holds;
Yanks on Eniwetok
f * * I
CENTER OF TRUK ISLANDS—This air strip in the center of the Truk Islands. Japan s central Pacific bastion blasted by hundreds of American carrier-based planes, is Uman Island. It guards the Jap base from air attack. This is one of the first pictures ever taken by American forces of the Jap stronghold and was made by two Liberator planes in which 22 Clarine fliers made a daring 2.000 mile flight from a South Pacific base. (See photo on page 7). (AP Wirephoto from U. S. Marine C arps).
Heavy Raid Hits London
150 RAIDERS KINDLE HUGE -FIRES, CAUSE CASUALTIES
19—'&)—G heavy and medium *bombers. striking in double the strength of any Accent raid. hit London in three waves last night and left fires, smashed homes and apartments and casualties in their wake.
The best unofficial estimates were that about 15ft of the
Global Mystery Wan lakes Life
MIAMI, Ha., Feb. 19— V -Charles e. Bedaux, international mystery man, died at a hospital here last jaight and John E Burling, immigration agent, said that he had taken an overdose of sleeping powders and left a suicide note.
Burling said Bedaux swallowed the powders a few hours after tie
night raiders slashed at the capital area. Although not all of them penetrated the umbrella of terrific anti-aircraft fire thrown over the city, the damage was the most widespread of any attack of the past year and casualties were left in half a dozen districts.
Fires still glowed red against the
Tam rf skies today as searching parties dug through the wreckage
Twelve persons were known to have died and a number of others were injured when high explosives .struck a preserve factory and homes in the working class districts. Three persons were still trapped under the ruins of the factory.
The Berlin radio said that “hundreds of planes" participated in the raid and acknowledged the loss of seven bombers, but announced later that two of them had limped back to eiiiergency fields.
Tons of high explosives and thousands of firebombs .showered down, hitting at least three churches, two suburban store, and many apartments and rows of homes Guards said the barrage of antiaircraft fire was the heaviest ever thrown at enemy raiders.
Fighter planes rose to chase the invaders. At least two w-ere shot down by patrols over the raiding bases in Belgium and Northern France, but there was no report immediately of the number of bagged over England. The last London raid Feb. 13 cost the Germans nine out of a force that was considerably smaller than that used last night.
A group of American soldiers who watched the raid, which lasted approximately an hour, said it was “the most terrifying spectacle we ever saw. We don't see how those German pilots up there could stand that barrage."
In one district pajama-clad American soldiers used sandbags to smother incendiaries which showered the neighborhood of an American Red Cross club.
had been informed that a grand jury would be convened to decide whether he could be indicted for treason and for communication with high German officials and the Jrichy French government.
• A special board of inquiry had decided that Bedaux was a citizen of the United States and could be admitted to this country.
Bedaux had been held by immigration officials here since he was f ought to Miami from North Africa in an army plane late in December.
He was taken to the hospital Tuesday in an unconscious condition, and never regained consciousness.
Bedaux achieved prominence in 1937 when it was disclosed that he was arranging an American tour for the Duke and Duchess of Windsor.
a The announcement caused a stir % labor circles—where he w as once termed "that arch-enemy of labor' —and the trip was subsequently called off.
yess Scholarship und Tops $2,000
STEPHENVILLE, Feb. 19—.ZP,— The Dyess Memorial scholarships fund, honoring the late Lt. Col William Edwin Dyess of Albany, Texas, I # passed the $2,000 mark and is still growing, Dean J. Thomas Davis of John Ta Tieton Agricultural college, said last night. Dyess was author of Death March on Bataan" tnd a former JTAC student.
19 Ships Bagged By British Subs
LONDON, Feb. lf—(>P—British submarines sank 19 enemy ships, probably sank six others and damaged eight more in recent patrols in the Atlantic. Mediterranean and the .southeast Asia area, the Admiralty announced today.
In the actions, which the Admiralty described as taking place “in theaters of war extending from the Arctic circle to the eastern limits of the Indian ocean," enemy ships sunk included the largest types of supply vessels.
One of the largest, the communique continued, was picked off along the coa^t of Norway. Two more were torpedoed off the southwest coast of Norway.
Four large supply vessels were destroyed in the Mediterranean and a number of smaller vessels w’eie sunk by gunfire.
In the southeast Asia area one large and one medium supply ships and several small naval craft w?ere sunk.
NEW YORK. Feb. 19—(/P)—Anna Mayer, 22, whose 47-day attack of hiccups was ended yesterday by an operation performed by an Army surgeon on emergency leave, was I reported "doing very well” today.
WAR AT A GLANCE
By The Associated Press
ITALY — Allies hold Anzio beachhead lines intact after smashing back attacks by four German divisions.
PACIFIC’ — Americans fight on for Eniwetok’s capture; radio silence screens results o f thrust at Truk.
RUSSIA—Reds press on toward Pskov, ready forces for smash at Kherson.
LONDON — Germons throw 150-plane attack at capital.
Abilenian Killed In Angelo Crash
W. W. Alexander. 1702 Clinton, was killed and his wife injured critically at 9 p. rn. Friday when their automobile and a truck collided nine miles north of Ozona.
Mrs. Alexander was taken to Shannon hospital in San Angelo by an Ozona physician.
Driver of the truck. Ray Deland, suffered a broken arm, the state highway patrol in San Angelo reported.
Alexander is operator of a fleet of oil trucks. His wife is a leader among workers in the University Baptist church here. She has been especially active in benevolent work. This has led her to much work in Hendrick Memorial hospital here and it was to that institution that first word of the accident was conveyed from San Angelo.
Mr. Alexander's body was held at Ozona.
Senators to Offer Post-War Program
WASHINGTON, Feb. 19 — Asserting that the Baruch postwar report poses the question whether "the economic destiny of the country is to be settled by executive directives.'' Chairman George <D-Ga) amiounced today the senate postwar committee would introduce legislation next week to carry out its own plan for the transition from war to peace.
George handed reporters a typed statement declaring that the Baruch report apparently is designed to "do the whole job by executive order under Justice Byne.V (war mobilization director James F. Byrnes).
MOSCOW, Feb 19— <UPt — Tile magazine War and The Working Class said today that the "period of Allied preparation for storming the Hitlerite fortress is ending" but meanwhile Russia was bearing “almost the whole burden of the struggle" against Germany.
By the Associated Press
American invasion troops fought today for the capture of Eniwetok. westernmost of the Marshall islands, in another display of the as yet unbroken sweep across the sphere of Japanese bases in the central Pacific.
In a broadcast recorded by NBC in New York, but unconfirmed by Allied sources, the Tokyo radio said a third United States carrier task force attacked the eastern Marshall island atolls of Taroa and Maloe-lap Wednesday, while one task force as carrying out operations against Truk and another was attacking Eniwetok.
U. S. forces struck at the low, nearly-circular atoll before tile enemy could recover from the damage, and shock, of the probably diversionary carrier strike Wednesday on Japan's mighty naval and air stronghold of Truk, 750 miles southwest.
Warships and low-flying N a v y planes turned their deadly bombardment on Eniwetok Thursday. The 22nd Marines and the 106th Army infantry swarmed ashore to establish beachheads among the 30 islets of the 21-mile long coral base. There were no details in Admiral Chester W. Nimitz’ communique.
The landings, a swift extension of the mid-Pacific offensive which began with the capture of the Gil-
AMERICAN TROOPS REINFORCE BEACHHEAD—American soldiers march through a street in the Italian summer resort of Anrio in the beachhead sector below Rome. They are members of the invasion force which is battling strong German resistance on the highways to Rome IO miles north of Anzio. (AP Wirephoto).
berth last November, came Just 18 days after other American forces invaded Kwajalein, largest of the Marshalls, 400 miles to the southeast.
It was at Kwajalein that the Japanese learned the pulverizing effect of bombardment by the greatest task force ever sent against the enemy. Early smashing of the enemy's defenses made it possible for the American Marines and soldiers to occupy the atoll at a cost of only 400 killed against 800 troops lost by the defenders.
Radio silence still screened the results of the heavy attark on Truk in the central Caro-linrv. Navy Secretary Knox deflated the Japanese report yesterday that landings were under way, saying it was an air-strike by carrier-based planes. Nevertheless, Knox called the
Nee PACIFIC, Pg. 7. Col 8
Heavy Allied Raid On Rome Reported
LONDON, Frb 17—(UP'—The
Vichy radio quoted a Rome broadcast today as saying that Rome was raided “violently" during the night.
A Rome broadcast recorded by the United Press said Anglo-American planes dropped bombs on the Italian capital's residential areas, causing damage and casualties.
36th Is in Italy; Outlook Good'
DALLAS, Feb. 19-~ ^—Undersecretary of War Robert P. Patterson told a press conference today "The situation in Italy is in hand, and the prospect* are promising." “There la no doubt at all about our ability to hold the beachhead at Anzio," he added. Of the Pacific Patterson said; "Our plan Is to lick Hitler first. At the same time we will keep up and enlarge our offensive in the Pacific
"The progress against Japan may go quickly "
He answered a question on whether the Anzio beachhead fighting was a holding action, by saying; “The- operation will take on an offensive character. '
The 36th division, originally formed from Texas national guard units, is engaged in the current righting in Italy with the Fifth arms, Patterson disclosed.
Tile undersecretary arrived this morning to attend a conference of generals of Army Service Forces
15 Vessels Sunk in Jap Convoy Attack
Operator Injured n Plant Accident
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC. Feb. 19. — i ZP) — Twelve Japanese merchantmen rushing oil and supplies to bolster such hard hit bases a.» Rabaul and Kavieng were wiped out along with an escorting destroyer and two corvettes during a three-day attack by Allied bombers northwest of New Ireland, headquarters announced today.
At most, only two merchantmen eluded the explosives of Latalinas, Liberators and Mitchells which from Monday night until Wednesday morning destroyed 36.500 tons of merchant shipping in the attack and exacted a heavy toll of Nipponese aboard the vessels.
Bound south from Truk, Japan s mighty naval base which itself has been brought under Allied attack foi the first time, the convoy was spotted off Mussau island Monday
RABAUL IS SHORT ON PLANES; LIBS FAIL TO GET OPPOSITION
GUADALCANAL. Feb 19.—//Pi— Evidence that much-bombed Rabaul is running out of fighter planes was supplied Wednesday when more than IO Thirteenth Army Airforce Liberators plastered Vunakanau airdrome without sighting a single enemy plane in the air.
The bombers’ fighter cover of 40 planes made no contacts.
The Liberators dropped 45 tons of bombs from 18,0<)0 feet, scoring 18 hits on the runway and leaving it unserviceable. They also registered 60 hits in the dispersal areas, destroying three dive bombers,
Anti-aircraft fire at Rabaul was meager and mostly inaccurate but one of our fighters failed to get back.
About midnight, a "Blackcat” • night flying Catalina) scout plane ranging south of Bougainville spotted a coastal transport vessel and five armed barges, possibly containing troops. Patrol torpedo boats were summoned. While they closed in, the Blackcat made two strafing inns which left one barge smoking.
The Pitts scored five shell hits on one barge and two on another, leaving boUi smoking.
Ed C. Powers. 64, operator of the Abilene Brick company plant north of here for many years, is in a serious condition at Hendrick Memorial hospital from injuries suffered in an accident at the plant Friday.
He was reported to have been caught by a moving belt and pulled onto a shaft in the brick plant.
Besides severe lacerations of tile arms and legs he suffered compound fracture of the right leg and brain concussion.
Charges Pending on 2 Hijacking Counts
Charge;' were to have been filed today against a negro man in connection witn the daylight robbery Thursday of the Regal Produce in which more than $31 was taken from an employe at the point of a gun.
Hie negro had been identified by the emplo-r s. M Polk. as the man who had held a gun on him and demanded his wallet and change, George Bosley, city detective. said. He is also linked with an attempted armed robbery of the Grant Department store at which time the cashier thwarted the hi-jacking when she slammed the door of her cage and ran down the steps.
According to police, the .suspect was sentenced from Abilene in 1938. following a series of burglarie: and was released from tile penitentiary only a few months ago.
400 Are Lost in Liner's Sinking
VANCOUVER, Feb. 19— Pi —
! Spilled into a sea boiling with sharks and barracuda, 400 persons were lost off Freetown, West Africa, when the $8,000,000 liner Empress of Canada was torpedoed and sunk by an Italian submarine nearly a year ago, survivors nave been per-: nutted to reveal.
British rescuers saved 800 persons. Moth of those lost were Italian war prisoners, some of whom attempted to gain the deck of the Italian submarine, but were pushed back into the water by crewmen, the survivors said.
The Italians announced last March 15 that the 21,500-ton liner had been sent to i'.r bottom, but tile -inking was not confirmed by Allied authorities
night. Bv midday Tuesday, half of it had been destroyed. Wednesday morning. Mitchell bombers flew as low as the top of the masts to blast seven more .‘Gips within an hour near new Hanover.
One corvette blew up. F’ive 2.000-ton cargo ships went down with aft their personnel.
A 7.500-ton tanker, upon being hit, was transformed within a matter of minutes to nothing more than a spot of burning oil on the water. An 8,000-ton tanker also was sunk.
Tire destroyer was eliminated early in the attack Other ships wi;ied out included a 6.000- ton transport (the type of this vessel indicates it was carrying troops), three 1,500-ton cargo ships and a 500-ton freighter.
No loss among the attacking planes was reported.
a a a
Rabaul and Kavieng, among the imperiled bases which were to nave been supplied by the convoy, did not; perhaps could not send up a single interceptor to oppose the latest in an almost daily series of air poundings they arr receiving.
One hundred and twenty miles east of Rabaul, American invasion forces on the newly-won Gieen islands were attacked at nig lit Wednesday and early Thursday by Japanese planes. In five passes, the raiders dropped 20 bombs but failed to inflict casualties.
Majority Vote on Treaties Proposed
WASHINGTON. Frb. 19 - i/T*.— Legislation proposing a constitutional amendment to require that treaties be ratified by both the House and Senate, on a bart majority vote, has been introduced by Rep. Fulbright (D-Ark.) Undei existing constitutional provisions, a treaty must be ratified only by tile Senate, with a two-thirds vote necessary.
The one-time Pacific liner, w.nch had been taken over by the British Admiralty, w'as filled with troops, navy personnel, Italian prisoners and Greek and Polish refugees. Forty-four of the British mw of ap- i proximately 300 are known to have j died.
Describing the scene, Wing Commander I,. R. Fmond said at Ottawa, “all around us were bodies of men and some women who had bern attacked and killed by sharks and barracuda.
We got one Italian prisoner of war aboard just as a shark grabbed him He was mauled so badly he died the next day." j Emond said wireless operators got off a message blore the big liner i | went down, but a very long, grim and hazardous' 17 hours passed be- j fore an RAF Catalina flying boat spotted the lifeboat*. A British destroyer reached the survivors a day and a half later.
After the torpedo struck, the submarine surfaced and ti .e commander ; said in English that he would give those aboard a chance to abandon ! ; 'hip before finishing it off with i deck guav An Italian doctor was ' picked up by the submarine.
Yugoslav Partisans Battle Near Udine
LONDON, Feb 19 ('-Yugoslav
Partisans who have smashed across 1 the Julian Alps to strike at the Nazis in northeast Italy, are battling near Udine. 20 miles northwest of Gori7ia headquarters of Marshal Josip Bro/ (Tito) announced today.
The broadcast communique said fighting also- w;as raging along the Hungarian border, in tile Travnik area of Bosnia and in Croatia.
More than 200 Germans were slain in various clashes, the bulletin said.
60,000 Nazis Attack Lines; Heights Won
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, Feb. 19.—(AP) —Allied forces are holding their lines intact on the battle-churned Anzio beachhead after smashing back attacks by four full German divisions —40,000 to 60,000 men—in the strongest Nazi counter blows yet delivered, Allied headquarters announced today.
The Fifth army on tho main front to the F.ast. reinforced by New Zealand and Indian troops, tightened a ring on Cassino from the northeast, northwest and south, winning two heights west of Mt. Cassino and reaching the railway station south of the town after throwing 50.000 shells into the ruined stronghold.
The powerful Nazi assault below Rome knocked a hole in the Allied line near Carroceto, IO miles above Anzio, but Fifth army tanks and infantry struck back in several successful local counterattacks, "causing heavy casualties to the enemy” and making some progress.
An Allied officer declared that "unlike previous enemy attacks this is obviously the fuUest-scale effort to throw the Allied forces back into the sea."
Front dispatches said the Germans were attacking with even greater fury today, and that Allied troops were defending their lines in the grimmest fighting. The Germans were spraying the whole area with shellfire.
•Tile German communique broadcast by Berlin said the Nazis had advanced 2 1-2 miles south of Carroceto, or within 7 1-2 miles of Anzio. The Germans claimed that they were still holding the Cassino railroad station, but the Algiers radio said .Allied troops had occupied it.)
The beachhead battle —which may be one of the most decisive of the war—was apparently in it* crucial stage.
Field Marshal Albert Kcsselrtng was counterattacking with units drawn from all over Europe, throwing in the full weight of his force without regard to costs.
At least four divisions, including the Third Armored Grenadiers, were trying to smash straight through to Anzio, Allied nerve een-ter on the beachhead, while other units brought pressure all along the perimeter.
Withering Fifth army fire took a heavy toll of the attackers, which also included the 114th and 750th motorized divisions and 65th Ger-
See ITALY. Pg. 7, CoL 7
Yanks Gaining Ground Back
I I DI I’ IHI MINT OI I OM MERCI VI EA I HER Bl RI AI
ABILENE ami Vicinity Rain this aft saloon and tonight, not much change in tempei .Hture tonight. Sunday clouds and slightly warmer
EAST TEXAS Rain thi* afternoon and tonight, little change temperature tonight, Sunday cloudy, alights warmer ram east and south portions
WEST TEXAS Mo»tl> cloud', light ram or bridle except El Paso area and Rig Rend country this afternoon partly cloud.' tonight and Sunday, except. cloud.' and slight rain east of Pecos mer and Del Rio-Eagle Pass area tonight
Highest temperature \esterda Cit' office 36 airpori 33
Lowest this morning City office, 32 airport, 30.
I I MPI RA l l RES
Sat-Eri En Thor A M Hour P.M 33 42 - I — 34 37
33 41— 2— 35 60
33 40— 3— 35 62
33 39— 4— 3ti 62
33 36— 5— 3ti 61
33 37 — 6— 35 57
33 33- 7— 34 51
33 34— 8-
34 33— 8-34 33—loos 33-11-
B.v DANIEL DI LICE
Associated Press Correspondent
ANZIO BEACHHEAD, Feb. 19 — 112 o'clock noon»— uP>—-Field Marshal Albert Kesselring’s offensive is being held
I hate seen American doughboy and tankmen hit back and recover in two hours some of the ground that the Germans had paid for in a heavy loss of life in 24 hours of continuous fighting a day earlier.
The Allied preparatory barrage was one of the heaviest concentration* of shelling of the Mediterranean war.
By REYNOLDS PACKARD Cnitrd Press War Correspondent
ON IHE AN TO BEACHHEAD.
Italy, I p. rn , Feb lf — (UP)—A full scale German assault on the Anzio beachhead was crackmg up today against a serif.' of American and Brith)* count r-attack* in some of the greatest tank battles of the entire Italian campaign.
It ITM ta a a
AA Vt MC®
Sunrise this morning
33 46 32 44
Sunset tonight ....................7 23
Nazi Paper Squelched
ANKARA, Feb. 19—.-Pi—The Turkish government has ordered Indefinite suspension of the German-language newspaper Turkischer Poet at Istanbul for publication of a cartoon depicting the British monarch in a derogatory fashion, it wa* learned last night.