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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 19, 1938, Abilene, Texas WdS'u’ <~>Wtr3 MMI %\\t Ailette sporter'WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE IO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXAC ELY AS IT COES, —Byron VOL LVI I, NO. 274. tmdatii Pre*! (Art ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 19, 1938—8 PAGES Cnlt«« Pre#* (CPI PRICE 5 CENTS Chamberlain, Eden In Dispute On Halo Policy Labor Leader Urges Secretary To Quit Cabinet Austria Awaits Hitler s Speech On Nazi Aims Bill To Mobilize All Of Japan's Might Offered INTENSIFIED BY FLOODS— Cold Frees Grip On State bargain Of Berchtesgaden' Fulfilled By Opening Political Party To Nazis of By The Associated Press Austria bowed deeper to Reichsfuehrer Hitler today but LONDON Feb. 19.—Of)—One Britain s outstanding labor leaders joined the rest of the world in anxious wonder as to what to-urged Foreign Secretary Eden today morrow an£j Hitler’s reichstag speech would bring. to resign from pabmc^ n ej    Vienna    announced    opening    of    the    Austrian    fatherland War Emergency Plan Introduced In Lower House TOKYO. Feb. 19.—(UP)—The government introduced in parliament today a sweeping general mobilization bill providing for mob- .net of any ••humlllaUnfdMTt^    ^    nation.,    only    ]a?al    folHicai    party,    for    inclusion    of    I    lu“tlon    °f    nacaaaary    moan twpfii Primp Minister    .      9    —— —    *    w »    ,    . Chamberlain and Premier Benito Austrian nazis, thereby fulfilling the week-old "bargain of ln ime of emergency. Mussolini of Italy. Herbert Morrison, former cabinet minster and secretary of the London labor party, declared Eden was -a prisoner of his reactionary colleagues" as the cabinet met extraordinary session. The ministers were faced with a momentous decision on Befall Policy toward nazification of Austria and concessions to Italy in the Mediterranean. Even as Morrison spoke, reports reached some diplomatic quarters Berchtesgaden."    !    Munltlons    lndustrl*'' Austria’! other publicly known concessions to the German fhl ’P'ns mining and other essen- chancellor were the naming of |--1    »*>    br*nr’‘«    01    ,he    “Uo“1    ““** five Hitler - favored cabinet ministers and amnesty for Austrian nazi and other political prisoners. SLAIN SOLDIER may be mobilized under the OPERA HOUSE SCENE Her humbled government and the world's worried but unprotesting diplomats waited tensely for the curtain to lift on the next episode, that Chamberlain and Eden were in in BerUns Kroll opera house. Aus-sharp disagreement on Anglo-Ital- tria hoped Hitler would promise to ian policy and this was one of the respect Austrian independence, issues before the cabinet. Reports of a breach between Eden and chamberlain were denied by Eden Feb. 12 but were revived after Chamberlain's two conf cr em es yesterday with Count Dtno Grandi. the Italian ambassador. Eden attended only one of the conferences. EDEN SUSPICIOUS Some observers believed Eden. deeply suspicious of Mussolini * motives in blessing Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitle 's sudden, agreement with Austria, was standing out firmly against negotiating with ll Duce now without full guarantees. Morrison voiced this suspicion: technically at least. Also prominent were Europe s fears—or hopes—that Hitler would proclaim his Intentions with regard to the German minority in neighboring Czechoslovakia. Czechoslok-ian nazis, like their German-speaking Austrian cousins, want union with Germany. A murmur of opposition to the concessions promised last Saturday by Chancellor Kurt Schuschmgg when he came to terms with Hitler at Berehtesgaden still buzzed throughout Austria. The dismay of Austrian Catholic leaders, however, was being replaced by hope that the Schuseh-nigg - Hitler bargain held more for “If the prime minister is trying {he church in Austria than nazis to do a humiliating deal with Sig- ^ave given in Germany. nor Mussolini on the basis of that gentleman’s continuing his war upon the liberties of the Spanish people. then Mr. Eden, if he has any self respect, w’ill resign and cease to act as a smokescreen fbr those of his colleagues who are determined to subordinate Br.tish security and peace of the world to fascist foreign* policy. “If Herr Hitler and Signor Mussolini are capable of cheating each other as they have done during recent weeks, then they certainly are capable of cheating our own not very brilliant cabinet." Solon Leaders Speed Program Adjournment By Early May Goal In Current Drive Britain and Italy, acquiescent thus far in the Hitler advance, apparently were coming to terms on their quarrel over the conquest of Ethiopia and leaving France alone in any effort to fheck German expansion. BRITISH CABINET MEETS The British cabinet met in a rare fuU-Sntyirdav -es«*-in to eonaWer both toe Italia..-Bi itish and Austrian-German situations. Prime Minister Neville sought to polish off two weeks of talks with Italian Ambassador Count Dino Grandi with a concrete plan for new London-Rome friendship. Britain also listened to the rumbling of a new civil disobedience campaign in India. Japan met a “new situation" in her war on China—violent Chinese counterdrives on the double-sided Lunghai front—by placing a new general in command of the central front forces and ordering reinforce- Juan Carles Morales.    24-year- old private in the    Mexican army, was executed    at Tia- juana, military authorities announced. A mob burned down the jail and caused other damage in an attempt to reach Morales, accused In    the sex murder of an 8-year-old girl. RFC Ready To Resume Loans omy bill. Its introduction in the diet, the lower house, came one day after a vague but obviously important statement from imperial headquarters, the supreme war authority, that the armed forces would be reorganized and “replenished in accordance with the long term operations.'’ COMMANDER RECALLED It followed also confirmation at Shanghai of reports that Gen. Iwane Matsui, commander in chief in China, had been recalled to Tokyo and that Gen. Shunroku Hat a, inspector general of military education, would replace him. The mobilization bill meant that every ounce of the national i strength was to be girded for a struggle that seemed farther and farther from Its end. T o give the bill a better chance in the lower house, it was revamped and some articles, such as those in the draft permitting prohibition of public meetings or political activities. and providing for suppies-sion of the press if necessary, were removed. Some members, particularly those of the strong Selyukai party, still opposed it on the ground that it was too drastic aind that it violated some constitutional provisions. The mobilization law- provides that a special government commission. incorporating representatives of all classes of national life, shall study its provisions and recommend enforcement cf its several artiHtA f as essary. Billion And Half Available Under Recovery Policy FOR Begins 4-Day Rest At Hyde Park See POWERS, Pf. 2. Col 8 WASHINGTON, Feb. 19.— Congressional leaders, determined j to make this a short, productive | session, concentrated today on hastening action on President Roose- 1 velt's legislative program. The leaders and most membeis were hopeful of adjournment early In May. Many of the law-makers were anxious to get back home and look after their election-year political interests. The faster tempo of congress the last week heartened leaders. Action was completed on one major bill, the new agricultural adjustment measure, and several others moved substantially nearer enactment. The southern filibuster against the anti-lynching bill hrs held up senate progress. However senate leaders said the measure would be laid aside Monday. The senate is to start work then on the house-approved $250,000,000 deficiency relief appropriation, reported out yesterday by the appropriations committee. Action on other measures may follow with comparative rapidity. In connection with the desire for early adjournment, members awaited with considerable interest Mr. Roosevelt's projected message on revision of the anti-trust laws. There were reports in informed quarters, however, that this might not ask actual revision at this session, but merely request a congressional study of desirable changes. Argentina Welcomes U. S. Army Fliers BUENOS AIRES. Feb. 19.—«UPI —The visit of six United States army "flying fortresses" today occasioned the greatest display of enthusiasm for another nation since President Roosevelt visited the city in 1936. Members of the crews of the huge bombing planes were welcomed as representatives of new world de- WASHINGTON. Feb. 19— (M) — The administration made $1,500.-000,000 available to business today for employment-producing loans as a part of Its easy credit, non-infla-tionary recovery policy. Tills sum was offered to industry when President Roosevelt instructed the Reconstruction Finance corporation to resume business lending. Except for a few railroad loans. I the RFC had ceased lending last October. While Chairman Jesse H. Jones said the RFC had $1,500,000,000 I available, he predicted cully "a few hundred million#” would be lent. Meanwhile, the twelve federal reserve banks called busine##’ attention to their continued ability to HYDE PARK. N. Y.. Feb. 19.—UPI —President Roosevelt, on his first trip away from Washington In two and a half months, began a four-day rest from heavy official cates at his boyhood home today. He had no .set engagements for the day. The chief executive, accompanied by a skeleton temporary White House staff, arrived by special train from Washington at 9 o’clock last night after putting in one of the busiest and most significant days ol his second term. Rites For Religious, Civic Leader Set mtcracy at the completion of their make direct loans Lo industry. They one-stop flight from Miami jester day. Col. Robert Olds, squadron commander. personally delivered a letter from President Roosevelt to the Argentino president-elect, Roberto M. Ortiz. Ortiz, succeeding President Agust in P. Just©, will be inaugurated tomorrow. U. S., Jap Anti-War Accord Suggested Alumnae Nurses Meet At Banquet TOKYO. Feb. 19 — A suggestion that the United Elates and Japan sign an anti-war pact was ad* v&nced today by Takeo Miki. a member of the Japanese parliament. Addressing a giant mass meeting, he traced the history of Japanese-American relations and concluded to wild cheering: “If there is any hesitancy in the minds of either people concerning reality of this unwritten bond of friendship, let it be manifested most clearly by a written pact against war. solemnly contracted by the governments of the United States and Japan." also pointed out that the iendable excess reserves in the nation's commercial banks totaled $1,360,000,000. While President Roosevelt in discussing economic policy at a press conference yesterday talked at greatest length on his desire for a "balanced" price structure, some observerers held that of more Importance to business was his assurance that he was not planning to inflate or revalue the collar. Those of this view said his state- ' ment amounted to saying the administration would continue its present course, using only such mild recovery levers as easy credit, the farm act, Ute RFC, and relief, j FORT STOCKTON. Feb. ll.— Pl —Henry M. Long. 63. prominent business, religious and civic leader of West Texas, will be buried here tomorrow afternoon. The former Methodist minister, who in recent years was in the wholesale oil business here, died Thursday night of heart disease. 125 Due To Attend Radford Banquet The Weather AbllYno Mid vicinity: Fiiir *nd continued cold tonight. Sunday fair and warmer Watt Texas. Went of lOOth meridian: Fair tied quite M cold tonight, Sunday partly c'oud\ and warmer Fist Texas. East of 100th meridian: Fair, continued cold, probably frost on upper coast and central portions temperature 34 to 4c on unper coa»t and intr rlt r of south portion tonight. Sunday fair, eamet. Highest temperature yesterday 40; tow* eat this morning. 27, Nurses Alumnae association of the Hendrick Memorial hospital held its annual banquet last night at the Hilton hotel. A group of 23 members and guests were present for the meeting. Readings by Hugh Price Fellows of McMurry college, songs by a trio composed of Mrs. Ina Wooten Jones, Mrs. R. G. Boger, and Mrs. Wafter Adamson were entertainment features of the banquet. Following the dinner games of 42 and bridge were played. Guests were J. E. Storey, H. Ray Williams, Julian Pace, Modena Lar-gent, Lola Wilcox, Stella McCullough, Mrs. Elolse Odom, Miss H. Kelley LaSeur. Mrs. H. Ray William# presided for the program. Decorations were In a Washington birthday them*. PENNSYLVANIA BUYS EQUIPMENT— New Camera Snaps Speeders’ Car Tags At Night AS MUNDAY'S NEIGHBORS JOINED IN C OF C BANQUET Floods Recede In Many Areas; Roads Opened Red River Hits 22-Foot Crest Near Denison By The Associated Press Clear skies and rising temperatures today cheered Texans besieged by several days of rain that sent rivers and creeks out of banks, interrupting rail and highway traffic and sending many bottomland families scurrying to higher areas. HP Head Talks At Munday Fete Laughter Greets Observations On 'Good Neighbors' By STAFF WRITER MUNDAY. Feb. 19— <Spl) - More than 150 Munday residents and their guests laughed with Dr. Tom Taylor of Brownwood, humorist, president of Howard Payne college, last night at the annual chamber of commerce banquet. “The town that is not worth lying about, a little bit, is not worth living in. That s why we have these chambers of commerce." he observed in his typi- 0fow To Fruit CrOD callv droll manner.    I    r* SUFFERING LESSENED Many low areas remained flooded today but apparently the worst was over as the affected areas reported streams receding and most main highway arteries open for traffic. Sunshine today lessened suffering among families who yesterday fled river bottom homes along the Trinity near Dallas and those forced to evacuate before a levee broke near the Dallas-Kaufman county line. The Trinity river reached its crest of 41.3 feet early today and began receding slowly. The Red river north of Denison, down to 16 feet today after reaching a 22-foot crest yesterday, was reported at 20 feet north of Bonham and 35 feet and still rising north of Paris, where it covered highway 24 in both Texas and Oklahoma and blocked traffic. Lowland Texas fishermen north of Paris were being moved out by highway department workers today. Freeze Hands Killing Approximately 125 person# were expected to attend the banquet tonight at the Hilton hotel which will be one of the highlights of the annual conference of executives of the J. ll Radford Grocery company. Conference sessions began this morning at 8 o'clock at the Grace : hotel and were to continue through today and part of Sunday. Representatives from Ballinger. Marfa, Cl:co. Wichita Falls. San Angelo. Elk City, Okla . Quanah Sweetwater, Amarillo. Childre si, Clovis N M. Coleman, Rosewell, N. M., Lubbock. Pecos. Brownwood. McCamey, Graham. Pampa. Plainview. Stamford, Alpine. Big Spring, and Abilene. From Brownwood to Wichita Falls. Munday'# neighbors gathered in last night for the annual chamber of commerce banquet Typical of the festivities are these pictures:    *    left to right starting at the top1 Dr. Tom Taylor, president of Howard Payne college. Brownwood, who was on his toes to vie with the humor of W. R. Moore, by admission the "country boy” toastmaster, (center) and Mrs. W. R. Moore. Two members of Knox City's good neighbor delegation, Roy Baker, druggist, and Dr. T. S. Edwards, pioneer West Texas physician. Editor Grady Roberts of the Munday Times and the man he hopes to succevxi as representative from thf 114th district, George Moffett of Chillicothe. Moffett has his hat In the ring in the 23rd district senatorial race in West Texas. iReporter-News staff photos by Maurlni East us Roe ) His observations touched on a1- I most everything from the weather to world peace, and the general theme was “Good Neighbors." The Good Neighbor cnjb at Olney came in for a pat on the back for its work. C. M. Caldwell of Abilene was given a hand for his "Home Town Contest” which he sponsors in connection with West Texas chamber of commerce conventions. This brought a big laugh: "But my dad. Uncle Henry Taylor, was a mighty good neighbor before Frank Roosevelt was ever born, and not on such an expensive basis either.” GOOD WET WEATHER Dr. Taylor referred to the $85,000 modern elementary school building, the auditorium-gymnasium of which was the banquet setting. “I was here four years ago and I can say you sure have improved these grounds — just look at this fine building. Yes, and your weather is improved too. There was a drouth in these parts then; tonight I saw the most beautiful pools of water around here I ve ever seen in my life." Rain sleet and snow this week have brought the Munday area more than five inches of moisture; water was still standing along the highways and over the fields. A community was defined as “a Last night’s hard freeze handed a killing blow to the fruit crop of Central West Texas, and chilled early garden*. The low temperature in Abilene was 27 degrees. While all of the buds already in bloom were killed, fruit growers at Clj’de and Buffalo Gap expressed hope that at least a “half-crop * would De made as some of the trees had not put out. G. L. Walker. Clyde grocern.an, said this morning, "If fruit can be killed by a freeze, it certainly should be dead this morning as there is plenty of ice " However, he said that not all of the trees had bloomed. R. W. Hill of Buffalo Gap, who last year kept smudge pots going in an effort to save a fruit crop, said this morning he did no such work this spell. There was a killing freeze in that section. The cold Thursday night caused less damage because of the accompanying moisture. Yesterday’s high See WEATHER, Pg. 2, Col. t group of people who see each other See MUNDAY. Pg. 2, Col. 8 Dallas Court Enjoins Gas Rate Hearings Jurisdiction Of Board Attacked Abilene Legionnaires To Mineral Wells CURBED BY WEATHER-- Larger Attendance Due For Second Rodeo Performance At Runnels FFA Show Today WINTERS. Feb. 19.—Attendance at yesterday’s Runnels county FFA livestock fhow and rodeo here was curbed considerably by unfavorable weather, but was expected to go skyward today for the second rodeo performance. Gerald Proctor. Winter# FFA boy. won top honors in the livestock show’ yesterday when he showed a Hereford calf to grand championship of the baby beef division. Merle Proctor . FFA president, J. s Brown and Frank Brown, all of Winters, also were leading exhibit- to championship in the swine division. Roy.Sawalt of Belton topped all (alf ropers In the rodeo when lie tied a Brahma calf in 21.1 seconds. yester Parrish of Wingate was second In 25.1 seconds. A. C. Wike of San Angelo won the bronc riding. Delegates of Parramore post of the American Legion were scheduled to leave early this afternoon for Mineral Wells to attend a convention of the Seventeenth district. The convention opens this afternoon and will continue through Sunday. Larry Daniel, Abilene, is district commander and as such will preside over the Mineral Wells sessions. Delegates from Parramore post were E. G. Wells. Don Marshall, Earl Calhoun. E. T. Bontke, L. S. Daniel. Roy Johnson, J. W. Mayfield, W. R Sibley, R. T. Redies, Glenn Eager, M. Shaw, Grady Al-i len. Earl I . King. A. M. O’Bar. Clyde FulwUer, J. L. Warren, and T. E. Brownlee. DALLAS. Feb. 19.— (UP) —The Texas railroad commission was bound today by a court order temporarily prohibiting it from conducting gas rate hearings in over 200 Texas towns and cities. Judge W. L. Thornton of 44th district court granted the temporary injunction yesterday and set March 14 as date for a hearing on the petitions of the Texas Cities Service Co. and the Community Gas Co. to make the order permanent. Thornton granted the injunction after hearing the plaintiffs’ attorneys attack the railroad commission’s jurisdiction within incorporated cities and towns of Texas. El Paso and Trenton were cited as specific instances of the principle involved. OPPORTUNITY FOR EXPORTS -- Proposed Trade Pact With Britain Offers Real Test For Industry, Farm Head Says AUSTIN. Feb. 19.—(UP) — Texas railroad commission engineers stud> mg El Paso gas rates will not be withdrawn today as a result of an order b; Dist. Judge W. L. Thornton at Dallas yesterday prohibiting the state commission from conducting hearings in incorporated cities and towns. DES MOINES. la. Feb. 19    T—    ship between the duties on agri- HARRISBURG, Pa.. Fob. 19.—iVP> —A camera .capable of photographing licenses of speeding automobiles at night was brought forward today by the Pennsylvania motor police as a new weapon in the state's war on highway accidents. Commissioner Percy W. Foote said the cameras would be installed soon In many of the patrol's white "ghost cars" that took the road some time ago to combat highway law violations. Infra-red ia#-cameras ara*being developed for police use by Captain j Flavel M. Williams, retired na\al officer and fog camera expert, who was drafted by the Pennsylvania force to carry on hts researches. The photographic marvel. Foote .said, is expected to pierce the brightest headlight rays and clock j the speed of the car at the same j time. Foote said he planned to place the equipment in three or four cars operated by each of the 18 troops in Pennsylvania. Th# camera would be $et up close to the windshield of the "ghost" J car. and could photograph through i the glass of the windshield, getting the license plate of a car in front or of a vehicle coming in the op- ! p-'rition direction. Flashlight equipment would be synchronized on headlights at the 1 front of the police car to take pictures at dusk. If headlights on the , offending car were so bright the ! ordinary flashlight bulb could not pierre them after dark an infrared $cre|n would come aim play* I ® • ors. Future Farmer boys from Winters, Wingate. Content and Bradshaw showed 5 calves, 53 lambs and 40 hogs in the contest that was sponsored by the Winters board of community devetopmen’ and Lions club. Ewing Whee less. Winters FFA boy, showed a Hampshire barrow Jim Takes MIMAI, Fla . Frb. I..—(UP) — Postman I r Ge I ral James A Farley started a two-weeks vacation today —hi* first in a year. $ Ut Edward A. O'Neal, president of the American Farm Bureau federation, asserted today the proposed reciprocal trade agreement with the United Kingdom offers a 'real test whether industry is going to take a purely selfish attitude.” "The proposed agreement." O Neal said in an address prepared for the National Farm Institute, “offers the largest opportunity yet presented to secure concessions for our agricultural exports in the largest potential market, in return for concessions to the United Kingdom on her Industrial products.’’ There should be a fair relattca- cultural products as compared with industrial products, the farm bureau president declared. The United States tariff structure, he contend- Judging Starts In Tuscola FFA Show TUSCOLA. Feb. 19.—Judging of animals entered rn the amiual Tus- ed. has been “stacked" against the c0^a FFA project show was started American farmer for the last half century. “I do not mean a ton of protection for industry to every ounce of protection that is given agriculture,” he said. “One of the most important aspects of the reciprocal trade program Ls the hope it offers for breaking the stronghold of monopolies.” Tonight Secretary of State Hull will speak on trade agreement*. M. here this morning by Judge R Milhollin of San Angelo. Junior Fogle, who last year showed the reserve champion calf of the Abilene show, agains is an exhibitor. Boys of the Tuscola chapter. under supervision of D. C. Cox, are showing 23 calves, 29 fat barrows. 7 fat lambs, and 5 Jerseys. The boys will show again in the West Texas Boys Livestock show in Abilene, March 1-3. ;