Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 15, 1944, Abilene, Texas
WAR BOND SCORE
8>ver-oll Sales bries E Quota
Series E Sales Series E to Go
Over the Top $1,303,000.00
QTfje Abilene Reporter -lottos
WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WI SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS II COES’-Bvron
#OL. LX1II, NO. 243
A TEXAS 2-u* NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 15, 1944 -TEN PAGES
Associated Press (AP)
United Press (U P.)
PRICE FIVE CENTSForts Blast Mt. Cassino Abbey
Nazi Relief Attack Fails
Reds lighten Korsun Trap, Gain in North
MOSCOW. Feb. 15—(AP) — The Red Army has halted a heavy tank attack launched by the Germans northwest of H'enigorodka in an unsuccessful attempt to rescue large Nazi forces hopelessly trapped in the Cherkasy pocket, the army newspaper Red Star Mfd today, while at the northern end of the front two Soviet armies are moving closer to t h e German-held stronghold of Pskov.
Red Star declared that the Ceriman tank attack in the northwest corner of the upper Dnieper bend was exceedingly fierce and that Field Marshal Fritz t von Mannstein apparently was unmindful of the amount of ti men and machines he w as losing.
Fighting was most violent northwest of Zvenigorodka and west of captured Korsun, core of Nazi resistance in the Cherkasy death ring. I
»?d Star pointed out that the ranks the enemy within the trap have been markedly reduced.
Of the 100.000 to 150.000 German originally reported trap- j ped by the Red army, there is reason to believe that not more than 50.000 remain, Red Star •%aid. The rapture of Korsun, frhere resistance was especially fierce, saw many Nazis die. dispatches said.
Describing the unsuccessful German attempt at rescue. Red Star said that Soviet Stormovik dive Ambers turned t h e rolling land northwest of Zvenigorodka into a
field of flaming tanks.
• • •
On the Baltic front other Red .army forces were within 40 miles of P.'kov key to the Baltic states w,d western anchor of a German salient extending to Staraya Russa. 110 miles to the East. The Russians were sweeping south on a 70-mile-wide front between Luga and Lake Piepus, Moscow said.
►Capture of Pskov would cut off ."Torn retreat those German forces still operating in the Lake Ilmen-fltaraya Russa sector and would give the Russians a base from which operations to clear the Germans from the Baltic states could be ’Y inched.
All-Out Attack to Crack Line Launched; Bombers Batter German Links to North
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Feb. 15—(AP)—U. S. Flying Fortresses today bombed Mt. Cas-LONDON Fob 15 —(UP)— s'no anc* '*s historic monastery, transformed by the Nazis into a fortress, beginning an all-out offensive The British navy clamped a to crack the German line while ground troops maintained pressure both in the Cassina and Anzio inva-
tight pre-invasion control on sjon bridgehead areas.
f o^d aS> n declaring f 1501000 bombs, some hitting the Benedictine abbey founded in 529 A. D., rained down in support of
square miles of waters to be'American infantry crawling up the hill against machine-gun and artillery fire, and followed a warning
dangerous and asserting that any vessel entering them without permission does it at its own risk.
The measure announced by the Admiralty was designed to prevent potentially adverse observation and to increase antisubmarine measures in the vast expanse of sea lying in the elbow of the French and Spanish coastline—the primary Atlantic approach to western Europe.
The proclamation almost doubled the waters lying off Britain designated as dangerous to shipping, and served as a warning to dilatory’ neutrals interested in Atlantic shipping.
A considerable part of the 150,-000 square miles bounded roughly by Spain. France and British waters undoubtedly will be mined.
“Neutral ships have been warned," a naval source said. “If they venture into the area without permission, anything may happen to them."
The declaration in effect blocked the end of St. Gorge’s channel clearing the territorial waters o f Eire.
UP FOR MORE REVISION?—This base map of the Russian-Finnish border area depicts the 1939 pre-war border. That border was moved to the upper end of the narrow land strip between the Gulf of Finland and Lake Ladoga by the Soviet-Finn truce in 1940. Further revisions may be made if Finland sues for peace.
Finn Surrender-Not Land-RussianTerms ..
Secretary of Hie Navy Frank Knox LONDON. Fob. 15—/P)—Soviet Russia was reported today to have said today that the Chitted States advised Finland that she has no drastic designs upon Finnish territory but and Qreat Britain are tightening the that if the Finns want peace they must surrender unconditionally and j pressure of their blockade against grant Russian forces use of all their air and sea bases as well as internal | sea borne transportation of goods to communications facilities. Germany.
The London News Chronicle in a dispatch from Stockholm said that Commenting on a British Admir-these terms had been “intimated unofficially ’ to Finnish leaders who alty announcement that an embar-arrived recently in the Swedish capital, presumably for the purpose of Eo had been olacrd on shinning in sounding out the Russians on the subject of peace fhe Bay of Knox told el-
Neither Helsinki nor Moscow gave any intimation that contact had porters: been established as a basis for ........
Allies Tighten Pressure—Knox
to monks and citizen refugees to vacate the abbey.
Doughboy troops battling in Cassino below were said unofficially to have occupied one-third of that bastion town in bitter housc-to-housc fighting.
On the invasion bridgehead to the west, Allied troops threw back a small German attack in the Carroceto (Aorilia) area, and repulsed a Nazi patrol in the Cisterna area northeast of Anzio. Artillerymen broke up a German attempt to bridge a stream IO miles above Anzio at Vallemaldeta, Allied headquarters announced.
Liberators and Flying Fortresses struck powerfully yes-terdav at enemy rail and highway communications in northern Italy pouring troops and supplies southward for battle. They concentrated on a triangular area between Arezzo south of Florence to Verona, southern terminus for rail lines from Germany through the Brenner pass.
The escorted four-engined bombers pounded Modena, Brescia, Ferrara, Mantua, Verona and Arezzo—important points through which the Germans move supplies to their J embattled troops.
The Allies flew' in all about 1,500 sorties, shooting down 21 German planes for a loss of one aircraft.
The Perugia railyards and the port of Leghorn w'cre bombed by medium bombers. Fighter-bombers lashed at the port of Ercole.
Fighters maintained a cover Tpv^nc fifiAfl ac over the beachhead and I CAUM} UUUU 03
It was clear, however, that the Finnish majority party—the Social Democrats—was putting strong pressure on the government to act and there were some intimations that the issue might precipitate a cabinet shakeup.
* * * ReorL* gathered this morning in-
A summary of purely unofficial dictated Taylor county entered the reports gave this picture of the final day of the Fourth War Loan
Series E Bond Quota Unfilled
LONDON. Feb. 15—UT -radio declared today that a
let amphibious force landed yrs-*taav in Narva bay behind the German line in Estonia The "landed enemy force made i several attacks on a coastal battery but was repelled with heavy losses," I the broadcast said.
.No Objection to Prisoner Gifts'
NEW YORK. Feb 15 - Pi—The
^ilin radio quoted a Japanese government spokesman as saying today that the sending of gift parcels to American war prisoners had been held up by the “somewhat complicated question of a port of exchange cessible to bbth parties.”
^The broadcast, recorded by U. S government monitors represented the spokesman as leclaring that Japan "in principle had no ob-# ;tions” to the sending of such parcels
The U. S. State department said Japan relist week that Seed to permit the United States to “make regular shipments, under appropriate neutral guarantees, of supplemental food and medical supplies." Sen. Elbert D. Thom s <D.-Utah» of military afafirs committee add-that relief supplies for the prisoners were piling up in Russia ’'fica use of diplomatic red tape used by Tokyo to prevent their delivery.
The German broadcast said "the official attitude toward the United Slates suggested that these parcels should go via Vladivostok was not vet known," and added that negotiations through the Swriss government were rn progress.
terms w hich the Russians were Said to have conveyed to the Finns.
il>—Finland to surrender unconditionally disarm her military forces and surrender all arms and equip- ; ment to Russia.
<2(—Finland to permit Soviet occupation of her chief cities, railway centers and air and sea bases for the duration of the war against Germany.
(3)—Finland to guarantee that German troops now in Finland —believed to number about seven division—would not be permitted to escape.
(4>—Finland to cede Russia the port of Petsamo, situated on the narrow tongue of Finnish territory which extends north to the Arctic sea between Norway and the present Russian border.
On her part Russia was said to have indicated a willingness to forego any further major territorial demands.
• Se story of IL S. reaction on page 2.)
* * *
Finn and Swedish Diplomats Confer
STOCKHOLM. Feb. 15 V — Tile Finnish Leader Juhu Kusti Paasikivi has conferred with the Russian minister to Sweden. Mine. Alexandra Kollontay and expects to meet with her against a Finnish legation source said todav
Paasikivi, a former Finnish cabinet minister, has been a leader in the faction seeking peace with Soviet Russia.
There were minors that Russian terms for an armistice were being sent to Helsinki today, but no confirmation of these reports could be found.
CAA Urges Texas Airport Program
AUSTIN. Feb. 15 —oT>— Civil Aeronautics Administration officials believe Texas should have a coordinated plan for postwar airport, aviation and air transport development.
This message was brought here by Wells Jackson, who reported to the chamber of commerce on a midwest airport planning meet held recently at Kansas City. The CAA, he said, is encouraging cities to buv land to provide numbers of small airfields in their environs.
drive lacking slightly more than $100,000 of meeting its Series E war bond quota of $1,303,000.
Sales c f Series E bonds had been stronger for several days, with $34,-743.75 bought Monday through the two Abilene banks and the post office. This brought the Series E total to $1,164,830.75, leaving $138.-169.25 of the quota unsold—but. this did not include sales by Issuing agt nucs other than three Abilene banks and post office.
C M. Caldwell, general chairman of the drive, estimated that if all sales were tabulated Tuesday morning the shortage under the quota w’ould be shown to be slightly above $100,000.
“That is significant because it parallels action taken by us on this side to reduce to the minimum and eventually eliminate transportation of goods to Germany through France. Almost all of Germany's blockade runners land in the Bay of Biscay.
“The action should halt any attempt to smuggle goods from Spain to France across the Bay of Biscay.
“All this indicates a tightening of the pressure of our blockade."
British Clearing Lines in Burma
NEW DELHI, Feb. 15—<#) — Bat- j tling determined Japanese resistance. British and Indian troops were slow ly clearing Allied commmunica-tion lines on the Arakan front north of the Japanese base at Akyab. Burma, a southeast Asia command communique said today.
An enemy detachment captured a British post southwest of Taung Bazaar yesterday but suffered heavy losses.
Japanese positions west of Fort White in the Tiddim sector north i of Arakan were shelled by British artillery Sunday with good results.
Bomber Wreckage, Five Bodies Found In Big Spring Hills
FORT WORTH. Feb. 15.- AP)-A trapper yesterday found the bodies of five crew members with lie wreckage of their Fort Worth army air field bombers which crashed in the hilly country ll miles southeast of Big Spring, Texas.
Hundreds of army and Cap planes had searched for the plane, missing since Sunday morning with fuel to last about eight hours, field officers reported.
The trapper notified Big Spring army air field officials, who went to the scene of the crash.
The dead included Second Lt. Lt. Thomas M. Cockrell, 24. nilot instructor. San Antonio. Texas.
BEFORE BOMBING—This inside view of the famous Benedictine monastery on the crest of Mt. Cassino was taken by a Cleveland photographer, Geoffrey Ladesman, while touring Italy a few years ago. Joday the monastery lies a pile of rubble as result of several direct bomb hits by American Flying Forts.
By LYNN HEINZERLING AND GEORGE TK KER
NAPLES. Feb. 15- V —Waves al Flying Fortresses dropped bombs on the centuries-old Benedictine mon-| astery at Mt Cassino todav to help I clear the road to Rome, routing al-! most 300 Germans from the lolly . observation post where thev had di-
Athenians' Kin Passes at Waco
Josh Wood. 64 Waco banker who formerly lived iii Abilene, died at 5 a. rn. today at his Waco home after an illness of several week Attending funeral services tomorrow afternoon at Waco will be Mr. I turies auo, is perched on Mt
reefed murderous fire against American doughboys.
Ax the smoke of the Aerial bombardment died down, Allied big guns started shelling the abbey.
The first aerial attack came about 9:30 a. rn. <3:30 a. rn., Central War Time) and sent from 30 to a hundred uniformed German soldiers running from the monastery, ground observers reported to Allied headquarters.
Once they appeared in the open, Allied artillerymen opened up wit lr a barrage of shell1 that covered the terrain over which the Nazis were fleeing.
A second wave of bombers followed sending an estimated 200 more Germans out of the monastery. They likewise were engaged by artillery.
The monastery, founded 14 aeneas-
struck at shipping off the Dalmatian coast, a communique said. The Germans flew about 60 sorties.
"Pressure was maintained against the enemy on the main Fifth army front and on the beachhead." the communique said. adding that a small German attack against the bridgehead was repulsed.
The grim house-to-house struggle for Cassino, the Germans’ main bastion on the lower front, swept with unabated fury into its 14th day after a three-hour truer yesterday requested by the Nazi to bury their dead.
Eighth army patrols sprang into action along the entire Adriatic front, the bulletin said.
The pause rn major fighting around the beachhead extended through the third day. In one area Allied patrols counted 240 German dead as a result of a futile attack Feb. 12.
More than 200 German bodies were removed from the Cassino area
Ace Nazi Troops'
STOCKHOLM. Feb. 15— (API —German veterans o? the P. im-xian front are fighting against “Americans from Texas" in the battle for Cassino, the German-controlled Scandinavian Telegraph bureau said today.
The battle was likened to Stalingrad, with the Texans “just as good fighters as the German ea.stfront fighters."
ALLIED MFAIX)! ARTE RS, Naples, Feb. IS—il Pi—American attack planes bombed Rome today, Allied headquarters announced.
Coke to Junction
AUSTIN, Fob 15— (UP'— Gov. Coke R. Stevenson was in Junction today because of the illness of his mother, Mrs. Virginia Stevenson.
The governor was accompanied by his son. Coke R. Stevenson. Pr., and his brother. Pierce Stevenson.
INDIVIDUAL SALES LAG AS FOURTH LOAN NEARS END
WASHINGTON, Feb 15— (UP)— , The Fourth War Loan drive en-! tered the final day today wdth in-! dividual sales still lagging at only 66 percent of the $5,500,000,000 quota although 96 percent of the over-ail goal of $14,000,000,000 already has been accounted for ut incomplete tabulations.
Sales reported to the treasury through Saturday placed individual sales at $3,611,000,-000 and sales to corporations and institutional investors at 89,839,000,000.
Bond sales throughout the rest of February will be counted toward the Fourth War Loan and emphasis will continue to be placed on in
dividual sales in an effort to reach
the $5,500,000,000 quota.
• • •
Ted R. Gamble, national director of the war finance division, said that even though the drive officially ends today, no one must "sit back and assume the job is finished." Purchases must continue apace because there is no let-down in war, he said.
Eight states have now' reached their over-all quotas—Rhode Island, Montana, Minnesota. North Dakota, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Ohio, and Arkansas
and Mrs. Eugene Wood of 318 Butternut and Mr. and Mrs H. A. Prude ’ of 1629 Nor til Second. Wood is a brother of the late banker and Pender is a brother of Mrs. Josh Wood, Funeral will be at the First Baptist church of Waco, of which Mr. Wood was a member, with the pastor, the Rev J. M Dawson, offic.-ating. Burial will be in the family cemeteiy at Hubbard City near Waco.
.Mr. Wood was born In Hubbard City. He was graduated from Baylor university and from Cornell university. Hr came to Abilene about IO 'ears ago and was employed at the ( itizens National bank before going to the Waco bank. Surviving him are his wife; one son. Dick Pender Wood, former Dallas attorney who is now an Army officer stationed in Alaska and who flew home last Thui day to ee Ins father; two grandchildren two brothers. Eugene Wood and Dr. W. A. Wood of Waco; and one si ter, Mrs. Dixie Wood Johnson of Hubbard City.
j si no oscrlooking the town ot Cas-|. mo and dominating the road w’hieh ' the Germans hold as a corridor for their desperately resisting troops in j I Cassino.
Nazi troops have taken up posi- j | tions there, Allied headquarters de-i dared, to send murderous fire j against U. S. troops as: suiting the : hill overlooking the town of Cas- I sino.
i Smoke poured from the roof of ;
j the abbey itself, and the earthshak- j
I lug bombs sent up great plumes of ;
gray and black smoke,
• • *
'The German communique broad- J cast by Berlin said Mt. Cassino ab- i bey was bombed “although no Ger- j man soldiers were either in the' monastery or the vicinity. Heavy j damage was caused.)”
(Another German broadcast as- I serted the monastery “was destroy- 1
>ee MONASTERY, I'g. IO. C ol. 6
during the truce yesterday
Indicative of the bloody fighting in the Cassino sector. 240 German dead were found in the Mi. Castrl-lone area north of Cassino. The Germans yesterday asked for a three-hour truce in order to bury their dead.
Partol activity and artillery exchanges still marked this main Fifth army front. Snowdrifts restricted activity on the Eighth army front.
The Nazis still clung tenaciously to factory buildings in the Carroceto area above Anzio, buildings which have changed hands four times.
Eight German planes attempted See ITALY, Pg. IO, C*ol. 5
Liberators Hit Invasion Coast
LONDON, Feb. 15—(UP'—American Liberator bombers attacked the Pas de Calais area of northern France today, United States army headquarters announced.
British and Allied Mitchell and Boston medium bomber* along with Royal Air Force Typhoon fighter-bomber* Joined in the a'tack on northern France They were escorted by RAF and Allied fighters.
The attack, carried out In the daylight hours of the morning, wa* a resumption of the daily assaults on German mystery targets in northern Trance.
Vichy radio reported that 25,000 persons had been evacuated from the heavily-bombed region of Pas de Calais, in the invasion section, and were being taken to Nievre, in central France. The broadcast was retorted by U. S. government monitors.)
Grade Crash Kills Pair at Santa Anna
Dakota was reported to have reached both its quota for individuals and for large investors.
ISA NT A ANNA, Feb 15. ZP Che collision of an automobile ne! a train here yesterday resulted * the death of two persons and injury of two others The dead—Homer Bouchelin, 40. a Camp Bowle employe, and Mrs. but only North I Clifford Dugglns, wife of a Camp
Mrs. Bouchelin and her baby were critically hurt.
Attractive one, two, and three star Service Emblems ore available to relatives and friends of men and women in the Armed Forces, free of charge at The Reporter-New* Business Office.
These emblems are printed on book paper in colors. lf the one you now have is faded, discolored, or torn, one will be given as a replacement.
They wilt be mailed for only 5c.
Argentina, Axis Reported at War
LONDON, Feb. 15—I IP)— The Allird-rontrolle d Algiers radio said today that Argentina has declared war against the
(The broadcast, which had no immediate confirmation from Buenos Aires, followed reliable reports from Montevideo that Argentine foreign minister Gen. Alberto Gilbert had resigned his post.)
The Algiers radio said Argentina considers herself at war against the Axis after the sinking of an Xrgentine ship in the South Atlantic
The radio Algiers broadcast said:
“It was learned today that Argentina has declared that it considers itself at war with the Axis following the sinking of a ship in the South Atlantic."
MONTEVIDEO, Feb. 15— 'IP)—Gen. Alberto Gilbert has resigned as foreign minister of Argentina, reliable diplomatic sources revealed today.
Juvenile Officer Has Gal Trouble'
P, A Dtlv. Taylor county juvenile officer, had Ins hands full of teenage girls last night.
Diltz was returning two girls, ages 14 to 15. to their California home from which they had been absent since Jan ll, when he was called upon to take a 15-year-old Fort Worth girl off the train here.
I .S. DEI* XRT MI ST ot < OMMERT E W TATU) R Bl RE XI ABILENE and VieiniO Cloudy and warmer tonight Wednesday rain and
colder Strong winds
PAST TEXAS Cloudy and warmer,
rain in extreme south portion tonight; Wednesday rain colder in northwest
and north-central portions. Strong winds In the interior increasing winds on the coast becoming fresh to strong Wednesday
WEST TEXAS Mostly cloudy rain
Del Rio-Eagle Pass area and east of the Pecos river tonight and Wednes day; snow in the Panhandle and S»u'h Plains I beginning early Wednesdaj colder Wednesday in the Panhandle, Strong winds Protect livestock in Panhandle against temperatures 15 to 20 tonight Highest temperature > tserdaj City I office 57 airport XU
Lowest this morning Cit> office. 37;
TI MPI RAU RES
Tue Mon Mon-Sun A M. Hour P.M.
41 44 48
38— I— 47 59— 2— AO Ctg— 3— 53
36— 4— 58
37— 5— 56 37— 8— 54 35— 7— SO
34— 8— 46 32— 9— 43
39—ti— 40 43—13— 40
Sunrise tht- morning •- .....
Sunset tonight ....................TSS
41 TO :» 40 40 38