Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 13, 1944, Abilene, Texas
WAR BOND SCORE
Over-all Sales Series E Quota Series E Sales Series E to Go
Over the Top $1,303,000.00 1,122,530.75 180,469.25
Clje Abilene Reporter -SBtetos
WI rf IOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WOR/ I) I X KCI I V VS 11 OOI S'- Byron
VOL. LXU I, NO. 241
A TEXAS 2-u* NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 13, 1944 -THIRTY-TWO PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated rre** (AP) unite rf Prr*< fupJ
PRICE FIVE CENTS
HelpHere, Clark Tells 5thGuards to Truk Peppered With BombsKut'
Beachhead HeldNEW BRITAIN NIPPONESE Three Area Holland Drained
Troops tow Best in 3 Days
FIFTH ARMY HEAD- "
STARVING TO DEATH, ALSO Counties Top
Deeply by Nazis
By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor
At least 43 Japanese planes were wiped out in devastating new aerial sweeps against Rabaul and Kavieng, standing between American South Pacific forces and the fortress of Truk, Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported today.
Thirty two definitely were!
WASHINGTON, Fob. 12—'.-Pi—The story of the thorough-going Nazi the Western Italian front drive to bleed Holland white in order to bolster the German war machine from the Atv/.io beachhead to
shot down and nine probably in aerial dogfights over Ra : haul's Vunakanau and Tobera airdromes, even as Allied bombers from the Solomons blasted their runways and gun positions with 174 tons of bombs. American fighters lost only four planes as they cut in half the fleet of GO inter-
Another Soviet Rail Junction Nears Capture
was told today by the Netherlands information service
Since the fall of the Netherlands in 1940, it said in a survey, material
I and human wealth of the country has been drained consistently, leaving Three more West Central a tremendous job for relief and reconstruction authorities.
TVwoc. Riinnnlc The ext(Vnt of Nazl looting and killing was described in the following
cm i ir i jc ’ point by point summary:
Shackelford and Scurry Total executions from May, 1940, through December. 1943, were es-
were listed Saturday as “over tboated at 20.000 and it has been reported that 300,000 persons in Hol-
the top" in the Fourth War land have gone into hiding from the Nazis
Loan drive *oof* alation has deteriorated to (he point where the official
Big street rallies yesterday at Bal- ratinn contains slightly over half the calories per-day of the normal pre
There has been a steady increase of disease and the death rate has to crush the enemy on your way gone from 8.6 in 1939 to 9.4 in 1942. north
The clothes rationing system is insufficient to provide for most ele- Referring to th** enemy he said
linger and Winters sent Runnels’ over-all bond figure soaring to $932,-630.38 against a quota of $923,000. County Chairman \V. J. (Tubby > Hembree of Ballinger told
cep tors that tried to halt LoNnoN Fpb ,, ^
them. _ troops are now fighting in the sub-
Dtvebombers and torpedo planes ^ 0j Luga, a junction on the
started the fireworks shortly after Leningrad-Pskov-Warsaw railway dawn, with a blast at Vunakanau 80 miles south of Lemncrad-Batet-bomber base. Mediums followed at skaya-Novgorod railway with the , ! capture of Batrtskaya, Moscow an-
noon while lour engined bombers, no’mc(,d t01„ghL
struck at the Tobera fishtcr strip. F,lr tQ the soulh ,n the ukraine which this month is the mast bomb- tro0pS 0f the first and second liked spot in the Southern Pacific. rainian fronts captured seven more Ten Japanese planes were wreck- towns from the tired and hungry ad on the ground as the air offen- remnants of ten Nazi divisions— sive returned to Kavieng on New 100.OOO men—facing imminent sur-Irrland. No enemy interceptors tried render or death. German efforts to
to halt the attack.
Starvation and disease, new enemies thai have been stalking the Japanese in the Solomon islands and New (iuiena, have been taking their toll on New Britain, too. Marine patrols near Borgen bay, on the opposite end of the island from Ra-batti, found many Japanese dead without a mark on their bodies.
Fur westward American sky dra-
smash the Russian ring from the outside again were thwarted, said the broadcast Moscow communique recorded by the Soviet monitor Thirty-three Junker?—52 transports trying to carry supplies to the besieged Germans, were shot down Friday.
The German^ now were crowded I into an 11-mile-long strip of territory from Korsun north along a railroad. Golyaki was captured at the northern extremity of this last Nazi toehold and Kavashin, less
WASHINGTON, Feb. 12 — — Sales in the Fourth War Loan drive totaled $12,964,000.-000 through yesterday, or 93 per rent of the $14,000,000,000 goal, the Treasury announced today.
V!Alw.';R!i IN,ITAU » ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Feb.
I ( a » I 7 " " Ll. Iii ll* ♦’■cli l\ lf • « gam . am 6 4 1 I f* * M I A
Clark, in a message to his 12-(AP)—Mud-spattered Fifth Army troops Fifth Army troops all along grimly tightened their grip on the Anzio
beachhead tonight as their commander, Lf. Gen. Mark W. Clark, assured them that supplies were arriving for them and that their victorious march on Rome was ' sure to come/' Their hold on the shell-pitted battleground was firmer than at any time in the past 72 hours after a German attack was repulsed with the aid of warships which ranged boldly inshore and shelled the Nazi positions.
Landing of supplies for the beachhead was carried out
Cassino, told them today that their victorious march into Rome is “sure to come.”
He assured them that supplies were arriving on the beachhead which would give them the opportune to kill Germans “in large numbers.”
The Fifth Army commander urged his troops to break through the Germans' ‘thinned out lines” and
mentary needs, and $64,000,000 worth of textiles were requisitioned by the "We welcome Ills assaults xxx successfully despite heavy shells, and a slight break in the
Germans in 1943. Give him no rest, and hoot every- weather gave promise thai overwhelming Allied air super-
The housing deficit is estimated at from 150.000 to 300,000 dwellings onr who shows his head ioritv might soon return to the aid of the hard-fighting
and large parts of several towns have been demolished. Gen. Clark issued his message *
According to an official Nazi publication, 418,000 Dutchmen have soon aUer returning from a visit grim in. ur ,
to troops in the beachhead today. In a message to all his troops along the W estrin Italian
Gen. Clark Issued Dutchmen have soon after ret inning ftom been taken from Holland to do forced labor; 120,000 of Hollands 180,000 Jews have been deported to Poland or Germany.
The Reporter-News that $127.-.365 in bonds were sold at the Ballinger rally.
It was a spirited gathering at which Major Dale Evans of Camp Batterie? s MRTC and Capt. Edward Feille of Concho field, a flier who had seen much action in the South Pacific, made stirring talks.
Music was furnished by the Con-
See BONI) DRIVE. Pg. 7, Col. I
Lt. Paul Clark Missing in Raid
He complimented the troops and struck a confident note as Hie Fifth Army stood in two of its toughest battles. These involve a daring effort to hold and enlaige the beach
front, Including thus, who slugged out limited gains in the Cassino sector, General Clark urgcd*his men to break through the Germans’ “thinned out lines’* and to crush the enemy on their way north. Supplies were arriving at the beachhead, head south of Rome and the wear- General Clark said. which would give the Allied forces there int. bloody struggle to wipe out the ^ opportunity to kill Germans “in large numbers.”
Germans in Cassino and open • (\ Rrttish tornado
Highway 6 lo the Eternal Cite, f t
‘The next step in successful operations which we have just commenced is for our two forces to Join hands for a victorious march into Rome and to the north,” Gen. Clark said.
LONDON, Feb. 12 —<A'— Amen- cities also were hit.
f 1 I than three miles southeast of Kor-.nu., sank t luff Japanese trewluen. tekcn on the souther,, end,
in the South Chin.-awhile ethel (hp communlque Mjd
units of the atli . The northern action, in which
destroyed two trains, including on. mnrp |han 40 con,ml,mt,es were loaded with troops, h ® * captured, was moving through
strafed riven lait in s - , heavy snow in a clean-up of the
Second Et Paul Clark. 22-year-old Abilene navigator, was reported missing in action over Germany since Jan. 30 in a War department message to the young flier’s wife who lives at 710 Meander.
In Southern Burma
I Germans protecting the retreat
from the north between lakes II-
casuaiucs nnTc — | men and Peipus.
Japanese forces pc - > Arakav In the Ukraine there were signs
ins British positions onto# Arakay ^ (hp RuSMan
noose was closing
front for nine days. Admiral Lord , .. , .
“ ,, „ around the iron town of Knvoi Rog
Louis Mount ba tten recited The ^ ^
British aie 1 J* mane duce- northwest and southwest have been taneous attacks from many airer- ,
tions and at the same time shov- cut. __
ing ahead their spearhead in the j Kaladan area.
The unofficial \merlcan army and Navy Journal suggested thkt Soviet Russia may "deem it expedient as an act of friendship to warn the Tokyo government that its interests demand that it seek “peace” in the Pacific.
I Negro Babies Burned to Death
can Liberators maintained the unprecedented pace of daylight bombing with a thumping attack today against the Germans' battered fortifications around Pas-De-Calais. enemy held French territory nearest to Britain.
The four-engined bombers crossed the channel under a roaring umbrella of Mustang and Thunderbolt fighters and returned without lass to complete successfully their 13th operation in 16 days. The filers reported they did not see a single enemy fighter in the sky.
Two small formations of RAF Ma-quitos also pounded military targets in Northern France under cover of Typhoons and these too returned without meeting serious opposition. One RAF plane was lost while the Tphoons bagged three German craft.
The whole American strategic bombing of the European Fortress has been undergoing a subtle change since MaJ. Gen. James ll. Doolittle assumed command of it last month.
The steadily increasing force of bombers and fighters is setting a pace calculated to exhaust the Germans' daylight defenses.
General Terrell Heads Iii Army
Area Much Too Noisy. Unsafe
BV KENNITH L. DIXON
(A British broadcast, re-corded by CBS, quoted a British war correspondent assaying 'hat the German radio was boasting that the beachhead force soon would have to take to boats. Such German statements never have been “within miles of th# truth,” the correspondent said, adding that the troops were facing their job with sober ^
AT THE aNZIO BEACHHEAD confidence)
• Delaved 1
it' This ti apparent that th* Oer-
Maj. Gen. Henry Terrell Jr.. who blasted beachhead to entir
eh too man*v disorganized by determined
commanded the 90th Infantry division from its activation at Camp Barkeley until recently, has been made commander of the 22d Army
Harry Hopkins’ Son Casualty
WASHINGTON. Fob. 12 —(AP'
Lieutenant Clark is the son of Mr. and Mrs D. C. Clark.
Two negro babies were burned to death when a cabin home a mile and a half east of Abilene on the Albany highway was destroyed by fire late Saturday afternoon.
Arthur Lee Fletcher, 2.
Jo Ann Fletcher. 19 days old.
The babies were the children of Arthur and Ruth Fletcher.
The father was some distance
President Roosevelt tonight notified from the house killing hogs and the 36tIi division at Camp
Hairy L. Hopkins that his son, Ste- the mother was gathering eggs when bow1(,, he was transferred to the
plier,, 18. had been killed in action she saw the cabin enveloped in ajj corpS anc| Was commissioned as
in the Marshall Islands and buried flames in the high wind. She told , a navigator at the Hondo AAF
“There was not too much flak” said Ll. Howard Holladay of Somerset, Ky„ a co-pilot on the Liberator sweep. “The Nazis must have used up their weekly ration in the past two da vs.
“We really laid a good pattern of bombs," he added, “We didn t see an enemy fighter, but our P51s (Mustangs) were everywhere like a swarm of bees.”
Tile Liberator "Evelyn the Duch-
His father said last night that | cgs," with the best record in this young Clark made his tirst raid theater for mission# completed with-
over enemy territory on Dec 22 of last year and had, to his knowledge, been in on six sorties over Europe.
Lieutenant Clark was a sophomore at Texas Tech when the Nt> tional Guard was mobilized and he answered the call After training
investigating officers that she tried Three brothers also are in the
out mechanical failure or any difficulty, chalked up her 49th perfect day.
Demolition of the Germans’ Atlantic wall now has been in progress for 54 days, with 40 attacks directed at the Pas-de-Calais area, manv in great strength.
RAF Mosquito bombers, contam
There has been no announcement of such a change, but from what the u S Army Air Forces have permitted to be published during the j last few wceksg of operations it Is i plain to see th*at:
1. American heavy bombers are attacking targets in smaller formations but oftener and with proportionately larger fighter escorts
2. Such an intensive program I forces the German day fighters to double their defensive flights and protect a much wider area unless they are willing to let the Americans bomb at will.
3. The More the Nazis come up, the more of them can be knocked down by the American fighters, who on their Illest missions have been strong enough not only to Ruard the bombers but to mix it up with the enemy independently. This last is admittedly one of the main objectives of bot Ii the American forces and the RAF.
John H. Reynolds To Captain's Rank
Hopkins is an adviser and clos** to chop her way into the house with service An elder brother, D. C
friend of the chief executive Mrs Hopkins, confirming reports of the death, said no details were available Stephen was a child of Hopkins’ first marriage. rival.
Hopkins was en route south by Justice of Peace Bill Ward retrain to try to recover his own turned a verdict of accidental death strength and health, which have after the investigation.
an axe but could not bleak iii 1 Jr., is an ensign in the Navy Gean j were b: mbed by the British and 'Ihe Abilene tire' department an- ls a technical sergeant with the Americans yesterday, swered the call but the small house division in Italy. Billy Tom is The German broadcast communl-
w’as^completely destroyed upon ar- a private stationed at Ft. Leonard que said that in addition to Friday s
Wood, Mo. (strong American daylight raid on
WASHINGTON. Feb. 12— .P) —
The War department announced today temporary promotions of 'hexing their tireless series of raids, hit a* officers which included men from targets in Central and Western Ger- Abilene, Brady and San Angelo many last night, and the Paris radio
said several localities around Rouen captain was John H Reynolds OD, and an escort
boisterous about bidding a man
"hello” and "good-bye ”
The first time I came up here I got knocked down bv a bomb tx fore I got oft the boat I didnt want to seem critical, but it struck me then as a very poor greeting.
I stayed a week, then went to Naples to take a bath, • bange
Allied resistance and with their armor bogged down in muddy ter-rain, had been forced to pause and regroup, Tile beachhead was tight-!' held, and an Allied sivokcsman declared it-, front lines "have remained relatively tun hanged during the past few days.”
Along the main Fifth Army front to the south the haiti# also
clothes and pick up mail. The day tipped slightly in tile Allies' favor
I lot! the beachhead intel its bu- as the Americans sent rd bloody if
gest air raid in several days I got limited gains in the key Cassino
bounced around again, but due to sector.
my previous experience and improv
ed lootwnik, I didn t gft kilo* iced down — I lay down.
I thought I would slip In very quietly when I came back today, but thats not the beachheads way of doing business.
The censor won’t let me tell aiiout my first close call — its still a civilian secret but when it 'las over the first people I saw was a couple of medieal-Hid men who were planning to pick up the pieces. They were very disgusted to I md I was only a reporter,
“Why in tin hell did you come back here if you didn't have to," exclaimed one.
I couldn’t answer that one. since due to some inexplicable coincidence I was thinking exactly the same thing myself.
However. I felt somewhat relieved because I figured Ute beat h-corps at Camp Campbell, Ky., ac- head’s welcoming festivities were cording to word received here. now over. Cheerfully, I said so loud A news account from Kentuc ky, Lt. Carl Dolk of Warren. O . and
f t Edward Davi^ of Baltimore, with
But there -(ill was nothing lo Indicate that the fighting in Hair would not he among the costliest and most sanguinary of the war. the Germans were ca- x iug out to the letter Hitler- orders to make a desperate stand, whatever the cost. In -once Instances they were more than matching Allied ma ii pow cr.
MAJ. GEN. Ill NR 4 TERRELL JR.
received here, told of General Ter Promoted from first lieutenant to I red being accorded a 13-gun salute
Tile Americans’ grinding struggles in Cassino finally gave them po?session of onr entire .section of Hie shattered town. They also knocked out the remnants of th# town tail to which the Nazis had 'lung even after Allied high explosives had battered the strong, fortM . -like building to t h e ground
News that ’lie Germans had oc-(idled t’» grounds of the Pope's summer pa lace at Csstel Gandolfo was regarded as another instance of Nazi determination to resist to the last at whatever cost in men or principles.
honor when he ar-
1318 South lith. Abilene Arthur j rived at Campbell Army Ait base to
Earl Rigney, AC of Brady was ele- take his new command,
vated from captain to major and The report stated he came to Robert Dale Bion Cav of San An- Camp Campbell from 2d Army
gelo was raised from second lieu- headquarters Memphis, Tent!., to
whom I had made the trio. and started down the road to Villa Virtue, home of unhappy beachhead correspondents.
ria red that a J against the Get roceto < Aprilia) back
communique dean* \llied anack an lines at Car-had been beaten
Frankfurt Ludwigshafen and other , tenant to first lieutenant
assume his new command.
bren taxed by long and recurrent illnesses.
The president. Mrs. Hopkins said, sr lit her husband a "beautifully-worded'' telegram telling him of Stephens death. She said thr chief executive asserted that We do not know the details, but we will or prouder of him when we do."
Nineteen Fliers Killed in Crash
Government Won’t Appeal Judgments
GREENVU ! K. S. C Feb. 12-Pt—-Nineteen men were k lled today when three planes of a bomb group collided and crashed at the Greenville Army Air Base.
The planes were flying in forma-
t. - IU I’VI; I MI NI OI I OM M I RC r
v\ 1 \ nu it bi hi vt
XRU I NI WO VICINITY: I lourix
with •c<»»nm»l rain or rtriult th*- afternoon. tnnicht and Mnndi' Ri.int tem p.* a tu re'
I \ST ll X V- I’artP cloudy and warmer Sunday, rvcepi cloudy and 00-ra-ional rain in extreme south: Monday mii-m cloud', with occasional rain in
tion and tout lied Wings in the air. south; parti cloudy In north fre»h
winds, orc.,-tonally -trnng in interior.
subsequently crashing on the northern area of the base itself, the base said. Flames were observed before the planes hit about three-quarters
of a mile from the ground forma- ; sam ii puma tion. Saturday.
WEST lf NVS: M o x U\ cloudy and
warmer Nunda', occasional rain in l>el Rio—Eagle Pa-- area and east of the Pecos river. Mondax parti' cloud' and cooler iii I I Pavo area. Panhandle and fresh to strong winds
The planes and the men were lak-Sa turdsv
WASHINGTON. F^b 12 — T -
Representative Fisher iD-Texf an
Bounced today the Justice Depart- ing part in the usual ment had decided not to appeal fed- morning review, eral court judgments calling for The dead included Sgt James W payment of approximately $1,200.- Lott, ll. engmeer-gunner, of Trln-000 for 120.000 acres In Brown and tty, lexas.
Mills counties, Tex., acquired for _ ,
maneuver ot troops at Camp Bowie IxlllS UOUghiGI'
After a thorough review of the WASHINGTON, Feb. 12 T—• A
sat •J ti
I I MPI K VI t Kl -Iii HOI K -al
f ri. SI si
I had goop only a short distance when the first shell landed nearby It was followed bv several others somewhat nearer.
In the subsequent dirt-hitting derby I found three days of inaction hadn’t even fazed my footwork and timing I made more tirst downs in the next few minutes then the whole Notre Dame backfield.
Finally I arrived at the Villa \ r ne thinking Well that was a pretty hot reception, but I’m glad its all over now.” I also was thinking a number of other things which w ould (a use any newspaper to have its second class mailing privilages revoked if it printed them.
I couldn't find anybody at home where the public relations office and correspondents’ quarters should be Then I heard voices issuing three stories below the old quarters I went down and found some o! \ gang there "Why did you move down here’’” I asked, setting my typewriter on the window sill.
I h«* \llicd communique said a German att lek on the beaeh-hc.’d wa- beaten bark vrster-cl.«- iud the fact that only one attack ms made that day indicated the terrific effect of tilled air attacks on the precious day w hr n four-etuined benitier- were diverted from normal long range target- to to* rn up with medium and fighter-homhers in pulverizing the gathering ranger divisions and yvrei king communications.
cases tried before Federal District 21-year-old mother. Mrs Christiana Judge William H. Atwell at San Mary Orencia, admitted today, po-Angelo, said Fisher, justice officials lice said, that rh# killed her three-decided against resort to appellate year-old (laugher with a chair round courts, * because the child was crying.
High and la" temptrature* to # p m IK and 31.
tilth and low same datr la.! year SI and 3*.
-unset last night: 1:33 -iinn-e this morning 8.33.
Sunset tonight. 1,31.
Just then ack-ack guns opened up and Gen..an fnrhter-bombers
AIRLINER FOUND IN MISSISSIPPI RIVER—Rescuers with grappling hooks located an American airliner in 22-foet of water on the bottom of the Mississippi river 15 miles south
of Memphis, Tenn., where it crashed pro-uotably carrying 21 passengers and a crew of whined down directly overhead, three to their deaths. The crew of the plane are shown above, left to right are: Captain dumped bombs down oic-sde and
Francis. Co-Pilot Majors and Miss Dovie llolybee, stewardess. All three made their home kno' f'rti nn n w in Fort Worth. (NEA Photos). I See BEACHHEAD, Pg. 7, Col. 3
Allied headquarters announced that during 'he stiff fighting on both noms during tile past seven days more than 3,000 crack German troops had been taken pr, oner Tills brought the Allied bac to more than 13.000, virtually on* division, since the invasion of Italy began last September. Thin does not include tile heavy losses the enemy has suffered iu killed and wounded.
Th.c fierceness ol the Cassino ,-iiret fighting amid squalls, gales lect. rain and snow stave tile nam# of "Stalingrad” to the little town which building by building, house bv house, is being chewed and blasted to pieces us the Americana, inch their way forward and the/ Germans just a.- stubbornly de? fend it with their blood.