Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 8, 1954, Abilene, Texas
WARMERMme toorter -'JBtetoíí MORNING"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" — Byron
VOL. LXXIII, NO. 237
Associated Press (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 8, ltf54 —TEN PAGES
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10«
French Open New Thrust
HANOI, Indochina, Feb. 7 French Union forces poured out of the fortress of Dien Bien Phu today and, although outnumbered, inflicted heavy losses on encircling rebel troops.
The Flench have been waiting Inside the fortress for 79 days for an all-out attack by some 40,000 Communist-led Vietminh troops camped around the post.
Today, f'rance's aggressive commander. Gen. Rene Cogny, sent ‘‘several battalions"—4,000 to 5,000 men—out of the Dien Bien Phu into a hand-to-hand battle against grenade-hurling rebels surrounding the fortified plain. A French
Defense Cut 'Calculated Risk'" Mahon
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
U. S. Rep. George Mahon of Lubbock declared Sunday President Eisenhower is taking a “calculated risk” in cutting the military budget.
Mahon, second - ranking Democrat on the House Appropriations Committee, was one of four Texas congressmen interviewed by U. S. Sen. Lyndon Johnson (D-Tex) on Johnson’s weekly recorded broadcast over the Texas State Network.
Mahon called the President's budget message “a pretty well-considered document,”
“The President has cut the military budget in an effort to reduce spending and taxes, taking what the military men call a calculated /risk,” Mahon said. “All Americans hope that the risk which the President is taking is not too great.”
Others on the program were Congressmen W. R. Poage. Waco; Lloyd Bentsen Jr., McAllen, and Jack B, Brooks, Beaumont.
Poage, veteran member of the House Agriculture Committee, criticized Agriculture Secretary Benson’s proposal for a sliding scale parity system.
“The Benson plan would cause the grimnd to slide right out from under the farmer’s feet,” Poage declared. “If the Benson plan is all that is to be offered. I say we need no new farm program. Let’s keep the one we have.”
Bentsen, a member of the House Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, discussed the Texas w’ater problem. .
Brooks, a Marine Corps reservist told of being caUed up recently for two weeks of active duty in Korea to make a study of living conditions in the area. He said he found the Marines in “good condition” and “as happy as Americans can be about 8.500 miles from home.”
spokesman said many Reds were killed or wounded and conceded there had been some French losses.
The encounter took place about two miles northeast of the center of the Dien Bien Phu ‘dust bowl” where French and Vietminh artillery have been probing out each other’s positions. The attacking Union forces were supported by French warplanes that roared over the jungle-covered hills strafing and firebombing rebel points.
These were indications today’s action might herald the start of the long-awaited battle for Dien Bien Phu. It was believed the French initiated it because the Vielminh’s 38th Division has quit the area to spearhead the thrust towards Luang Prabang.
The French have set up a defense area 50 miles from Luang Prabang to give their troops time to set up strong defenses on the outskirts of the capital. The Vietminh are reported nearing the defense area, but observers speculated they might bypass the capital and push on to the Mekong River bordering Thailand.
Now Offensive Bastion
It was apparent that Dien Bien Phu had lost its value as a defense post and had become an offensive bastion. Cogny had wanted to use the post as a springboard for an attack when the French withdrew from the Tahi country’s capital of Laichau. He may con-vert to that now.
Cogny has never doubted he could whip the rebels if they drew their forces against Dien Bien Phu, which boasts the high fire power of American-supplied w’eap-ons. With this firepower he believed he could offset the rebels’ numerical superiority—more than four to one.
Trying to Cut Reds
Meanwhile, the French are battling the Vietminh in Central Laos, where the rebels cut across the narrow waist of Laos to tlie Mekong last Christmas, capturing j Thakhek. The French soon retwk Thakhek and are now moving
northeast from that town against
Along the Annarn coast, the much heralded French offensive to liberate a 300-mile strip of territory from the Vietminh Is progressing without strong rebel opposition. In the south the rebels are harrying French Union posts.
While the Vietminh have not attacked the key French strong points in Indochina, neither have
the French hit the heart of the
NEW YORK. Feb. 7 Lf)—Paul Althouse, American tenor who co-' starred with Caruse in a 30-year career at the Metropolitan Opera, died yesterday. He was 64.
TRIP PROVES IT
Here's a Boy Who Knows The Value of One Dollar
By JOHN DANILSON
A thrifty runaway juvenile lad told officers here after being apprehended early Sunday that he spent $1 while traveling from Chicago, 111., to Abilene.
J. T. Sparks, Taylor County juvenile officer, said the 16-year-old youth had $5 when arrested about 2:30 a.m. near the east-side traffic circle by Policemen G. J. Black and J. R. Kinney.
“He was kind of tight with his money.” Sparks said. “He said he
had $6 when he left Chicago hitchhiking last Thursday.”
The youth was en route to Los Angeles. Calif., to see an uncle, he told Sparks. His parents did not know where he was, he added.
Sparks contacted the youth’s father, who was to arrive in Abilene from Chicago at 7 p.m. Sunday to get his son, the officer said.
Judging from the youth’s manner, Sparks concluded that the runaway had had enough of traveling across the country alone.
IRON PLOWHORSE VERY BALKY—David Gee Wortham, 2 decided he’d rather be a cowboy than a dirt farmer, Lee lie had so much trouble trying to push this small Uactor in a display at the Houston Fat Stock show. Ad<Img uacior m ^ to that of the tractor is David’s 4-year-old sister,
Eden Urges Churchill Drop Malenkov Parley
PROTESTS INOCULATION —
Mrs. Irene Castle Enzinger, who operates a dog shelter, sits beside a huge pet during a press conference in her suburban Lake Forest, III,, home. Protesting an order by Chicago authorities to have all dogs inoculated with anti-rabies serum. Mrs. Enzinger offered to submit herself to the bite of a rabid dog and to bet $5,000 that she w'ouldn't be affected.
Alaska Plane (rash Yields Six Survivors
ANCHORAGE, Alaska. Feb. 7 CffJ —The Air Force said today that at least six survivors have been rescued or sighted from last Friday’s C47 plane crash in the snow-blanketed Alaska wilderness 75 miles northeast of here.
Two of the six men have been identified. They w'ere Airman l.C. Bobby G. Sallis, 21, the son of Mrs. P. C. SaUis, P. O. Box 496; West Helena, Ark.; and Airman 2.C. Eli R. LaDuke, 20, the son of Roger LaDuke, P. O. Box 347, Au Sable Forks, N. Y.
Air Force medical officers at the SOOhth Air Force Hospital at nearby Elmendorf Air Force Base, where Sallis and LaDuke were taken, said the two youthful airmen were suffering from exposure and were unable to give a coherent account of the plane crash.
There were 16 men aboard the ill-fated craft before it smashed into the ground 15 miles from the little Susitna River town of Curry.
Four survivors, including Sallis and LaDuke, have been flown out from the crash scene. One other is known to be at the crashed plane and a helicopter en route to Curry spotted a sixth survivor.
Death Claims H. A. PropsI
ANSON, Feb. 7. (RNS) — H. A. Propst, 93, Jones County resident since 1902, died at 1:15 p.m. Sunday in Anson General Hospital, where he had been three months.
He was born Aug. 8, 1860, near Salisbury, N. C., where he lived 42 years before moving to Texas. He was married at his birthplace Nov. 26, 1895, to the former Maggie A. Hall.
He settled in the Truby community after coming to Texas. He moved in 1917 to the Union community, where his wife died April 26. 1946.
Mr. Propst was a well known Jones County farmer. His four sons, Hoke, H. B., Alton and Charlie Propst, also are well known farmers in the county. The four sons live in Anson.
Mr. Propst had been a member of the Church of Christ since 1911.
Funeral will be held at 2:30 p.m. Monday in the Anson Church of Christ. John Franklin, minister, will officiate. Burial will be in Mount Hope Cemetery,
Pallbearers will be Harve Warren, G. C. Bonner, C. W. Bartlett, W. A. Crumpler. K. A. Goza and O. B. Cox.
Other survivors are five daughters, -Mrs. Ella Mae Coker and Mis. Herman Steele, both of Anson, Mrs. Nell Ratledge of Wood-leaf. N. C., Mrs. Zula Crumpler of Lamesa and Mrs. Mildred Stuart of Denton; 26 grandchildren and St ven great • grandchildren.
her weight Melodie Aim.
Fair Weather Due Throughout State
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Fair and cool weather prevailed all over Texas Sunday.
Temperatures were generally in the 50s over the state except in South Texas where they were in the 60s. The high wa.« ^ at Laredo and Presidio and the low 50 at Texarkana.
The weather is expected to continue fair all over the state tomorrow with a gradual warm-up during the afternoon.
High Level Talks Called ’Pointless’
BERLIN. Feb. 7 Britain’s Anthony Eden is prepared to urge that Prime Minister Churchill drop any idea of seeking a face-to-face meeting with Soviet Premier Georgi Malenkov, Western informants said tonight.
The ^British foreign secretary, like his American and French colleagues, W’as said to have formed the impression at the Berlin conference that little purpose would be served at this time by a new East-West meeting on the highest level.
Eden has held this view for some months, according to Allied diplomats who have been in touch with him. They said they believe his opinion has been reinforced during the Big Four conference here with Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov. Fully supported by the diplomatic veterans in his delegation, Eden was pictured as being convinced Molotov wields effective control of the Kremlin s foreign policies. Malenkov, they believe, devotes himself chiefly to home front affairs.
Just Same Answers
From this, they have concluded that Western leaders would get the same sort of answers from Malenkov in Moscow that they have been getting from Molotov here.
There has been some speculation here, however, that Churchill may try to revive his project for direct talks with Malenkov if, as seems probable, the Berlin talks fail to ease world tension substantially.
That speculation was spurred when Churchill told Commons last week he saw some ‘hopeful” aspects to the four-power conference. His remark puzzled many Western officials who have been gloomy about conference prospects for more than a week.
The consensus among the W’est-em delegates here—and that includes the British—seems to be that any project for a Churchill-Malenkov meeting, or one with President Eisenhower and the French leader of the day attending, would strain Allied unity. It would also certainly set back plans for launching the European Defense Community, the informants said.
Peiping Must Cooperate
Meanwhile, high officials reported the Western powers have set a price for negotiating an Indochinese peace with Red China. It is: The Peiping regime must cooperate first in a Korean settlement, or else stop arming the revolutionary armies of Ho Chi Minh in Indochina. The West wants action, not promises.
The American, British and i French foreign ministers are expected to make this plain to Russia’s Vyacheslav M. Molotov tomorrow in the course of the first secret sessioti of the Big Four Conference.
U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault were also reported determined to: Deadline on Talks
1. Fix a deadline for their vain discussions on a German settlement—unless Russia is prepared to modify her demands.
2. Rebuff a Molotov effort to win Immediate international recognition for the quick-shooting government of Mao Tze-tung. The Russian statesman sought such recognition by proposing Red China be brought into a Big Five parley to consider global problems,
3. Confine all international attempts to bring about world disarmament to the United Nations. Molotov himself came up with an idea nearly two weeks ago for a world disarmament conference under U.N. auspices to include Red China and other non-members.
RANGER JAYCEE LEADERS—This group was photographed at the installation of new officers last week by Ranger Junior Chamber of Commerce. The event was held in the Woman’s Club building at Ranger. Left to right in front row: James Townzen, past president of Rancer Jay-cees; Morris Campbell, new presment; and Marshall Hamil
ton of Mineral Wells, regional vice president of the Texas Jaycees. Back row, left to right: M. G. Jacoby and Beverly Dudley Jr., newly elected Ranger directors; Pat Mosley, secretary; Rex Mitchell, treasurer, and Charlie Rose, vice president. (Photo by Capps Studio, Ranger)
White Report Hidden Amongjlexas Pioneer Trash, FBI Probers Reveal
I. S. DEPAKTMENT OF COMHEKCE WKATHEK Bl’REAl’
ABILENE AND VICINITY - F»lr end warmer Monday and Tueiday. Hi#« peratur« Monday near 60; low Monday night near 30; jUih Tueiday 65 to 70 NORTH CENTTftAL TEXAS: Oenerally fair and iUghily aarmer Monday and
^*W^T TEXAS: Oenerally fair Monday an I Tuetday: warmer Monday.
EAST TEXAS’. Fair and a littl« warmer In the aiternoon Monday. Tuetday clear to parUy cloudy.
SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Fair, warmer in the afternoon Monday TE.WPEKATt'RKS
Sun. P.M 1:30 *l
3 30 . «
♦ 30 M
6:j0 .......... ♦’
7.30 ........... ♦!
i 30 .............. 3*
8:36 .. .......... 3t
10:30 ..... ..........
High and low tempwraturee for 34 hour»
ended at *:30 p.ui : 82 and 20.___
High and Ujw temperature» tame daw laat year: 63 and 46 _ .
Sun»et la»t night 6:11 p.m. «unrUe today 7:36 a.m. 8un»et tonifht * „
Barometer reading at tTso p m. j* 81. Rdlattva humidity at 6:30 p u. «S..
Sun A M 36
■35::::;. ! 35
> ii ......
I 31 . ....
WASHINGTON, Feb. 7 LP^-A 1945 FBI espionage report naming the late Harry Dexter White was disclosed today to have been un-covered only last September among 20,000 “missing” documents in the Justice Department.
The disclosure served to deepen the mystery around the career of the brilliant, self-effacing economist named by former President Truman to the International Monetary Fund at a time when he was under Investigation as a possible Soviet spy.
Review Slated As an outgrowth of the find, the Justice Department has ^nsUtuted a review of aUegations against all individuals named in the 8-year-old report with a view to possible prosecution.
Discovery of the FBI reports among a mass of old papers was recounted by Asst. Atty. Gen. Warren Olney, III, in testimony before the House Appropriations Committee made public today. Olney appeared before the committee last Dec. 8 on department budget requests.
Olney told the committee that a housecleaning of criminal division files was undertaken because of concern over misplaced papers and lost correspondence.
Lost Items Found “The results of that housecleaning were amazing,” he said.
“Twenty thousand items turned up in the course of it—letters, files, investigative reports, everything. None, or at least most, of the material had ever been to the department’s record branch for recording. Many unanswered letters were found, some of them dating back 15 years . . .
“Among other things found was the FBI report on Soviet espionage.
“This report on Soviet espionage that was prepared by the FBI, a copy of which was sent to the attorney general’s office in 1945, had never been seen by Mr. Foley (William Foley, chief of the Internal Security Section) and the Internal Security Section until September of 1953. . . .
“We still do not know where it came from. It was somewhere in this mass of papers.
“It was the same way with the special report on Harry Dexter White, that, also, was never seen and never reviewed by the internal security division.”
The finding of the FBI reports preceded by only a few weeks a speech by Atty. Gen. Brownell touching off the White espionage case anew.
Whitt Case Again On Nov. 6 in Chicago. Brownell charged that President Truman promoted White to the post of United States director of the Inter-national Monetary Fund despite advance notice to the White House that White was under FBI investigation as a possible Soviet agent Truman at first denied he had acted knowingly. Ijiter, after reviewing his own files, he said lie first learned of the charges after he had appointed White to the monetary fund post and it was decided to let the appointment “take Its normal course” so the FBI could keep him under more effective surveillance.
FBI Chief J. Edgar Hoover tes-titied last Nov. 17, however, that White's transfer actuaUy hampered rather than helped sur-'cll-lance.
White, an economist and Treasury Department official, was linked with the Communist espionage apparatus before the House
Un-American Activities Committee in 1948 by both Elizabeth Bentley and Whittaker Chambers, former Communist agents.
White vehemently denied the allegations when he took his turn before the committee. He died shortly after testifying.
First County Attorney of Stonewall Dies From Siroke
ASPERMONT, Feb. 7. (RNS)— Winfield Scott Featherston, 74, died at 3:45 p.m. Sunday at the Stamford Sanitarium after a brief illness. He had suffered a stroke at his home in Aspermont Saturday, and he was admitted during the afternoon to the hospital.
Mr. Featherston was a retired lawyer and farmer, who had lived
APPEAL JUDGES' NAMES SWITCHED
Identifying names underneath the pictures of Chief Justice Clyde Grissom and Associate Justice Cecil Ceilings of the 11th Court of Civil Appeals were accidentally switched on Page 1. Section B. of Sunday’s Reporter-News.
This newspaper regrets the unfortunate mishap in handling of the distinguished judges’ photos.
in Aspermont for 63 years, and was the first county attorney of Stonewall County. He was also a former county judge of that county.
The funeral will be at 3 p.m. Monday at the First Baptist Church in Aspermont.
Burial will be in that city under direction of Springer Funeral Home
Survivors include the wife; three sons, Ed Featherston of Quanah, Dr. E. W. Featherston of Vernon and Winfield Scott Featherston, Jr., of Aspermont: one daughter, Mrs. Ray Hahn of Aspermont; four sisters. Mrs. Emily Ashburn of Abilene, Mrs. Nannie Roberts of Lubbock. Mrs. Mary Thompson of Lubbock and Mrs. J. D. Back of McLean; two brothers, C, H. Featherston and Solon R. Featherston, both of Wichita Falls; and several grandchildren and greatgrandchildren.
Mr. Featherston was a son of the late E. B. Featherston, one of the early pioneers of the Aspermont section.
John Carter Hairston, 93, resident of Abilene for the past 36 years, died at 10:40 a.m. Sunday at bis home. 140 Mulberry St. He had been seriously 111 the past two weeks.
Mr. Hairston was born at Old Independence in Washington County Nov. 14, 1860. member of an early Texas family.
His maternal grandfather was Judge John P. Coles, one of Austin’s first 300 colonists. Judge Coles was the first mayor of the municipality of Washington. Judge Coles also was the first chief justice of Washington County, being appointed by Gen. Sam Houston.
Mr. Hairston attended Texas A&M College. He was graduated from Eastman’s Business Ckillege at Poughkeepsie, N. Y. He worked as an accountant. He contributed to the building of the First Presbyterian Church at North Fourth «nd Orange Sts.
He was married to the former Ella Josephine Mass at Bartlett. Dec. 31. 1890.
Survivors are his wife asd two daughters, Mrs. Thomas C. Gilpin of Great Neck. N. Y.. and Mrs. Wallace .M. Milton of Ozark. Ark.; one granddaughter, one niece and several nephews.
Funeral will be held at 10 a.ra. Tuesday in Kiker-Warren Funeral Home chapel. Officiating wUl be the Rev. H. Leland Murphy, pastor of the First Presbyterian Church. Burial will be in a BarUett cemetery, where graveside rites will be held at 4:30 p.m. Tuesday.
Pallbearers will be Julian McDaniel, Tom H. Willis, Clarence Symes. Ray M. Wolfe, V. L. Shif-lett and Harold D. Austin.
The family requests no flower* be sent, but that instead contributions be made to the building fund of the First Presbyterian Church.
TV OR NOT TV?
Television Show Blamed For Bricker Bill Failure
WASHINGTON. Feb. 7 Ofl—A television appearance against a White House aide’s advice was being blamed in part today by some friends of Sen. Bricker (R-Ohio) for the collapse of efforts to get a compromise on his treaty-regulating amendment.
A White House source denied, however, this had any influence on President Elsenhower’s rejection of a compromise proposal.
Although Bricker declined to discuss the matter publicly, it was learned a White House aide had called one of Bricker’s assistants and .suggested it might be better for ail concerned if the Senator did not appear on a television quiz show (Meet the Press) Jan.
31- .a . i
It was explained some administration officials feared Bricker’s answers to questions might be misinterpreted, although the White House aide said he acted at the urging of some Congress members.
The suggestion Bricker cancel his TV appearance came at a lime when President Eisenhower had
before him a compromise proposal worked out in conferences among Bricker, Sen. Knowland of Callfor- j Ilia, the GOP floor leader, Sen. I George (D-Ga) and others.
The compromise plan was de- j livered tQ*^ the President Jan. 29 by Knowland and the word got < around the next day that there! was a strong possibility it would : be accepted by the administration.:
It was at that point that the White House aide got Bricker’s as-1 sistant on the phone and suggested the situation was so delicate it! might be wise to avoid public questioning on the issue. |
When the message was relayed ; to Bricker he was said to have i demanded to know in a return call wtether Elsenhower was goi»’« to, accept the compromise. When no answer satisfactory to him was i forthcoming, he decided to go ahead with the television appearance.
On the TV program. Bricker said in response to questions that he was willing to accept the compromise. He deprecated the effects of a clauss In his proposed amend
ment to which Eisenhower had object ;d on the grounds it would permit states to “repudiate” treaties.
In general, however. Bricker made a strong appeal for passage of an amendment which would restrict the presidential treaty and executive agreement - making powers.
Shortly thereafter. Bricker told Senate friends he learned the W'hite House would not accept the compromise, li was then »he Ohioan was said to have made up his mind someone in the administration was determined not to compromise with him.
An administration spokesman .saki. however, that the White Hou-ie was not displeased with anything Bricker said on the TV' program, and administration leaders have in'dsted there is no bails for any ‘iuch belief on the part 0? Bricker or anybody tie# They contended that every effort has been made to fbid tc^ptable language which would not intei-fer» with the President's cow^« tional right to deal with otlwr r«-Uona.