Abilene Reporter News Newspaper Archives

- Page 1

Issue Date:
Pages Available: 22

About Abilene Reporter News

  • Publication Name: Abilene Reporter News
  • Location: Abilene, Texas
  • Pages Available: 844,884
  • Years Available: 1917 - 1977
Learn More About This Publication

About NewspaperArchive.com

  • 2.17+ Billion Articles and Growing Everyday!
  • More Than 400 Years of Papers. From 1607 to Today!
  • Articles Covering 50 U.S.States + 22 Other Countries
  • Powerful, Time Saving Search Features!
Find Your Ancestors Now

View Sample Pages : Abilene Reporter News, February 08, 1944

Get Access to These Newspapers Plus 2.17+ Billion Other Articles

OCR Text

Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - February 8, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND SCORE War Leon quota Solei Saturday Salci Ihii month Shortage VOL. LXI1I, NO. 236 gttriltme Reporter- WITHOUT OR WITH OWKXSK TO FRIENDS OK FOB- SKM CM YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOF-S A TEXAS 3-LL, 800-mil, 32 illondt, Itintlr pltl, >ilH of )tf pllnr, LikiAliu tioPllttlty lit (ogjy, ,f rolctnic Sipf coll (him Chilhimi ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 8, 1944 TWELVE PAGES Associated Preu I HP) Vniua tUP.I PRICE FIVE CENTS SHORT STEP NOW-The Allies were knocking at the back- door of Japan yesterday as (hey shelled Paramushiro and Tokyo was said to have announced an Allied landing in the Kuriles. The above map shows why Japan should have the jitters, so close is the battle moving to her firesides. 'Allies Facing New sive in I ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN ITALY, Feb. 7 Slammed back by American troops in their latest attack on the Anzio beachhead, powerfully reinforced Nazi divisions recoiled today and prepared to launch still heavier onslaughts against the sweat-stained Americans and British holding the shell-raked area south ol" Rome. "Each local attack that has been launched by the Germans was a feeling-out blow for a real test of the beachhead's wrote Daniel de w Luce of the Associated Press in a somber dispatch from that point. Reinforced by elements ol the 115th motorized Infantry division from Southern France, the Nazis rammed through the American lines west of Clstcrna to a depth of about 500 yards early Sunday morning. but were driven back by a counter- attack shortly after dawn. Ameri- fan artillery was given much'of the credit for repulsing this thrust. ".hich occurred some northeast ot Anzio. nine miles Kor more ttiar a week (he Al- lies have madf no appreciable jrains ai the perimeter of the lieachhcad. Iliouth they bare brought In almost continual re- inforcements ami Ihc 8-by-ll mile area now bristles wilh men and guns. A American and British troops threw cack two minor German sorties early tociay as the reinforced enemy constantlv tested the strength of Ihe Allied defenses, a DC Luce dis- patch said. The tightly-ringed beachhead dc- 4 fenders were again subjected to bombing, strafing and heavy artil- lery lire with long-range German guns probed for ships offshore and for motor convoys in an effort to disrupt, the constant stream of AI- lied supplies. Grim house-to-house fighting still was In procri-s.s at Cawino on Ihe main Fifth Army front SO miles east of Ihe beachhead. The Xazis after six days con- tinued lo iishl fiercely from Iron and concrete pillboxes, fox- holes and machinetun bunkers. The Nazis still are reinforcing their lasl-diich fighters around Cas- sino. Almost every day a new enem> unit Is identified. Some German engineering units nre fighling as infantry. The leaders of the Icii- sacious defense are parachute troops. American troops battled up Ihe slopes of Ml. Ca.ss.ino, which over- looks highway and railway roiiles Inlo Cassino from the north along which supplies must pass to the last- ditch fighters In the town. Al- lied infantry also was pushing up f steep 1.600-foot crn? a mile wesi of the town, on which Is situated the centuries-old Benedictine men a.stcry. The Allied desire to preserve the monastery, which Is C'as- slno's outstanding historical monument, makes Ihe (ask of taklnf this commanding height all more difficult. British Eighth Army troops near the Adriatic sea drove Into the vil- lages of Pizzoferrato, 2 1-2 miles northwest of Sanf Angelo. and Montcncrodomo. four miles south of Torricclla. Medium and fighter bombers of the Allied 12th Air force hammered Nazi transportation lines In Ihc Rome area, while Allied fighters four (imcs ripped into German planes which were intervening in the fijhllng about Ca.ssiuo. Import- ant hishwass converging at Fras- cati on the Appian Way nine, miles soulheast of Rome were heavily bomber by American Mitchells and invaders. Thirteen Allied planes were mining for the day, against 10 Nazi craft destroyed. Allies Approach Japan Russians Enter Nikopol Enlire Nazi Garrisons Eliminated LONDON, Tuesday, Feb. 8 (AP) The Red army crash- ed into the suburbs of Man- ;anese-rich Nikopol on the ower Dnieper river yesterday and also wiped out entire Ger- nan garrisons in (lie Cher- tasy pocket 200 miles lo the northwest in a termination of merciless ex- Axis Fliers 'Chute Safely; Ships Demolished Two filers of the Abilene Air base both on routine combat flights In separate planes, balled out late yes- terday afternoon and paiachuled to ,ov....nlt oi, safely, one In the vicinity of Phan- of 200 planes were among the strongest thrown against Hi" lalce nnd "1D ollwr six in the two wars with nussla. mllra of Stamford. Crisis Near LONDON, Feb. 1 of Finns fled from Helsinki today, their capital stjll smoking fivm a Russian bombing which wrote for their government a fiery iioik-c to tet cut of the war now. The crisis for Finland appeared Hearing a showdown. The Russian raids involving by official Finnish estimate a lotal The Moscow radio announced officially tonight Hint, a "large Lt. L. T. EMbanks. base Inlelli- group" of Soviet bombcis had hit hard at the central part of Helsinki i D'flccr' 'said n" K roops trapped in both areas, Moscow announced early to- day. Dispatches filed at midnight in he Soviet capita) by the Associated >rcss said both battles were roar- rig to a climax with the Russians effectively blocking the escape of ive German divisions at Nikopol. In the ring" where (lie Russians were steadily beating down the savage resistance of the survivors of 10 German di- visions, these dispatches said Hie Red army's artillery wilh- n shelling range of Axis airfields inside the pocket. Thai development possibly accounted for Ihe fact that the 'ikitnttoh.thf-'ireSlraetlon of any transport planes In the irea after destroying 11! them in three days. The Germans had been trying to evacuate officers by transport plane. At Nikopol the Russians, smashed into its eastern outskirts, capturing five villages, among them Krasno- Grisorlevk'a and Novo-Pavlovkn. eighl and three miles, respectively, from the heart of Ihe city which Adolf Hitler was reported to have told his troops must be held at all costs because of its manganese de- posits 50 vitally needed for steel armor manufacture in .Germany. A Moscow broadcast-bulletin recorded by the Soviet monitor sairl the Germans were fight- ing with riug-in tanks and self- propelled ffum al thr ap- proaches to Xikopoi, but thai they were smashed In skillful flanking maneuvers. The German.'; lost 800 killed. 32 tanks, 22 anti-tank gum. and other equipment yesterday In one such acticn. the bulletin said, while north of Zvcnigorodka, inside the ring, one Soviel formation killed 600 Ger- mans as it methodically hacked its way into the circle. THEWf.ATHFR f. s. or COMMFRCH wilh ANn VICIN1TV: nxf rain (hU aftfrn Mourlv on rth r.AST TTAAS: rafn TsttStj; IVr nilh rlln. rnldfr i WEST Tt.V.VS: nru. Tiln Tnridi norfar pirllr rloDdy, roldt ind South rijlnv aroni in a "mass pounding Industrial, rail and port targets. Four bombers were lost, it added. Telephone communication between Stockholm and Helsinki was disrupted early tonight, perhaps indicating another Russian attack While it. was fell In London that the Finns were anxious to gel out ol the war. It also was believed that Ihe Finnish government was hope- ful al receiving terms. The Helsinki radio and press more than once have Indicated thai it was unconditional surrender at which the Finns gagged, but the British view is thai Finland is as much a German satellite as Bulgaria and like that country can expect, to terms except those ol the Casa- blanca conference. That KussU holds t similar view seemed underlined yesterday nhm Moscow officially denied thai peace negotiations vrere pro- ceeding with Helsinki or that an ultimatum for surrender had been delivered. Another alert sounded at noon Monday, but no bombi were dropped. A Moscow radio announcement salrt Heval iTalliim) In Estouil also was bombed. This news aroused anxiety In Sweden where planes patrolled Stockholm In "training exercises" 'although Ihe weather was unfavorable for such rouune. The Swedish Navy was reporlott taking measures to protect ils Baltic shipping, and there was an air of renewed tenseness In Scandinavia. PATIENT JURY IN SECOND LOS ANGELES. Feb. Attorneys for other clients wav- ed their law books, pounded and thundered In opposing her conten- tion that she was born after O'Dea secretly married a pretty actress, the iate Mary Crane, In San Fran- cisco about 1905. But Hie hazel-eyed newcomer, who had been working a-s a welner- wurst packer in Los Anqelcs. stiick to her gutis. Twice her claim wns thrown out of court. But the sec- The posthumous affairs of Michael Francis O'Dea have developed Into one of California's longest jury- trial.', with dozens of claimants tangled in R legal squabble for his S4.000.C05 estate. O'Dea was-'tall, gaunt, eccentric. He lived alone for 30 years or so In a downtown hotel, died in 1930 al Ihe' age of 00. Apparently he loft- no will fo dispose of tile for-. tune he. had made in oil and realjoml time it, was reinstated by order rotate, anr] his family tree ivas I of the supreme court and about as obscure s the life he had i she's still 'in there pitching. Soon after his death, claims be- gan pouring In fvom persons who' asserted they were cousins, ncices j or other kin. In all. 465 claims were fiJcd. i Indudin- preliminary skirmish- ing. Ihe O'Dea case Jus been in the courts for almost six years. A jury has been hearing the proceedings, witli some interruptions, for more than a year. A patient jury of in women and two men has been the matter since. Nov. IS. 1512. Each keeps a notebook which is locked up at night with other court rec- ords. Meanwhile the estate is earning induction, approximately jeo.OOO a year. AM SB Mon. PM SB Ready for Issue FORT WORTH. Feb. 7 Army finance department here, designated as the only office to serve the stale in issuing mustering out pay lo Army personnel, today was ready to begin issuance of pay to men who were residents of Texas at the time of ihclr enlistment or duclion. Col. Herbert Baldwin, officer in The hearing was enlivened one I charge, said applications must nr accompanied by original honorable discharge papers or certificates 'if service and added trial photostat i; copies will not be accented. Payments of frc-m {100 to J300. depending on length ar.d place Immediately. Former Army personnel who were citizens of Arizona or New Mexico at the time of entering service are to make ap- plications to Fort Bliss. Texas. Marine. Navy and Coast Guard personnel apply to iliclr respective headquarters in Washington or Cleveland, Ohio. day in 1941. when a plumnish wo- man with a South drawl. Mrs. Lucy Fav Bale.-, dropped a legal blockbuster with Ihe claim that she was O'Dca's dauslitrr. Jap Dead 28-to-l In Marshal Is War WASHINGTON. Feb. 7 American landing forces killed 8.122 .Japanese during the Mar.-hall Island Invasions. Ihc Nnvv salrl tonishi. losing only 28B. American wounded lora] I.I la 1 82. .lapanesc prisoners j number 261. with no reported and accident conmituee looking Inlo the cause of the accidents and little1 could be said unill reports were filed. The committee was In Stamford last night. The fliers bailed out less than an hour-apart. Their names were not made public until they had appor- lunily to write their parents they were uninjured. Both will be given a checkup In the base haspital to- day as ascertain If they received Internal hurts. Both planes were said (o be rather high when their pilots left them. Near Phantom Hill lake, the .ship crashed and was smashed, witnesses said, At Stamford, the plane was said to have burned alter landing about 100 yards from its pilot. Deputy County Clerk Succumbs Mis. Stella Mildred McCleskey. Tor seven years deputy clerk In Tay- lor county, died Monday at p. m. hi the Kiiox county hospital, at Rochester. She had been ill fince Dec. 8 with and prujujnonta which de- .a.' confpllcalion, p'n.tlcn'1 'at Honrirfck Me- morial hospital for over a month before she ivss taken lo Rochester. Mrs. McCleskey had worker! In the. Taylor'county'courthouse here for 10 years, three years for an ab- stract company and In the county clerk's office since Vivian Fryar's election to the office. She was A member .of the St. Paul Methodist church, mid the Rebecca lodge. She was born In Oklahoma on Nov. 19 1901. Survivors include' iier mother Mrs. W. M. Illnion of Rochester, a' brother. Cnl. Julian llititon of Garden City. Kans.: and four sis- ters. Mrs. Lee Wyatt. 757 Hickory, Mrs. Gene Blttit of Lubbock. Mrs. Vivian Shcppard of San Antonio and Mrs, John Berden of Rochester. Funeral will be conducted here In the St. Paul Methodist church at 2 p. m. today, wilh Dr. J. O. Hayincs. pastor, officiating, assist- ed by (he Hcv. Hugh Hunt, pastor of the Rochester Methodist church. Burial is to be In Rule. An Elliott coach was to bring [lie body from Ihr Hob Smllh funeral home In Rochester this morning and it was to lie In stale litre from noon until time for Ihe services. Pallbearers will be W. P. Bonds. Carl P. L. McMillan. Ctycte Bearlcy. T. O. Massey and Mllbinn S. Lonz. Honorary pallbearers named arc members of the IOOF lodee and Mrs. McCleskey's friends al Ihc courthouse. service, will beein Colonel Baldwin said Shell Isle; Rumored Landing in Kuriles By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor American naval forces shelled Paramushiro island, only miles from Tokyo, in a pos- sible prelude to invasion of the home islands of Japan while American task forces were wip- ing out Japanese on Kwajalein atoll to establish an offensive base in the mid Paci- fic Marshall islands. Attacking United States forces lost only 286 killed, 82 missing and wounded in the Marshall invasion, the Navy department announced yesterday. In addition they took 264 shellshocked and terrified Japanese pri- soners. American losses were only a fourth of those killed in the Gilbert islands invasion last November, while Japanese losses were doubled. Both testify lo the terrific bombardment which ripped up the Kwajalein islets like a gigantic plow. At Kwajalein Americans arc "only 11 hours from Tokyo h.v Flying Tok.vo radio warned, simultaneously noting Ihe threat ot the bombardment of Parmusbiro in the northern Kurile islands. Vichy radio quoted a Japanese communique as saying (he invasion of the Kuriles was already underway. But Vichy has sn often garbled reports of Pacific war action that it should not be taken loo seriously. More significant was the re- port from Associated Press War Correspondent Norman Bell that the American task force carried as an observer Brig. Gen. E. D. Post, chief of staff for LI. Gen. Simon Boli- Steamer Sunk Willkic Willing SALT LAKE CITY. Feb. 7 l.r- Wendell I. Willkle made it clea: today he will welcome a nomination I fcr the presidency If he can get it] through "speaking out on what are my beliefs." "It this brings me nomination for president of the United States, fine." Ihe Republican candidate ol IfHO told reporters. "If It doesn't, well, the people have the right to choose whom they please." Why Didn't We lake the Place? Sailor Queries -By NORMAL BKf.L Auoclaled War Correspondent ABOARD A U. 3. DESTROYER IN THE NORTH PACIFIC. Feb. first United Stairs nAval force to attack .Japanese more territory is steaming safely homeward, leaving the llusterrtl enemy on Par.imiishlro'.s island's Kurabn point firing harmlessly Into Ihc air and sea and along their own beaches. Our task force, commanded by Rear Admiral W. D. Baker, oourecl shells for 20 minutes Into haibor and land installations on the eas'. and south sides of Kurabu point today, causing fires and explosions ashore, damaged a small merchant ship, and departed without sulfcr- 1ns a scratch. 11 seemed almost too easy, ar.d as we left one sailor rcnnrkerl "Why we micht to go ahead and lake that place." (Pnranmshfro. lying nl Ihc north- ern extremity of the Kurile Islands, which Include Japan ttsrlf. Is ap- proximately 1.200 miles north of Tokyo. 9J3 miles wcsi of KLska and 7SO miles southwest of Ami In the the horizon. American-held Aleutians.i 't ne raid was timed n-jth To add to the Nlpjionese's con-1 bombings by the Navy's Aleutian fusion planes ot Commodore Lesli" K. Gehres' flcrt air wine "Tokyo Short Line Sir .IAP Pane n. Col. I var Buckner, whose troops of (he Alaskan department were at that moment engaged in as- sault maneuvers, possibly in preparation for an invasion of Pai amiisliiro. The bombardment, last Friday night (Tokyo was the first attack by American sen forces on Nippon's home Islands. The Japanrsc defenders were so t.ikcn hy surprise and so confused that they fired alon? Ihrlr own sliortline al imasin- iry landing barie.t, fnlo Ihe to the rnsi into Ihc Pacific ocean am) to the ivesl Into the Sea of Okhnlsk. They didn't hit a ship in llir American force Included cruisers, de- stroyers and possilily battleships. Brilliant star shells illuminated the biack-oiil snow covered Island as Ihe task force moved in under blight nioonllcht to bombard the harbor nt the southern end of Pnra- mushlro for 20 Japanese ship .sighted The only was lelt brachrd. an ammunltlcn dump or fuel .'lorace tank was left blazing so brightly the departing ships could see It until ii disappeared below Hurley Confirmed Fort Bliss Japanese Accusation EL PASO. Feb. hull- drcd Japanese internees quartered i with heavy to the Nip- al Fort Bliss for six months In 1942 noiirsr The enemy relied on In- rccelved the same treatment as fillrailnit patrols in the north, Thsy based fleet atr win: four on Para- musiiiio and .on Shlmushu which lies in the narrow stretch of water between Paramufliho ar.d Siberia's Kamchatka peninsula. The one brhht spot In the day's reports for Tokyo was a counter- attack in Southwestern Burma in which they recaptured the village of Tauug fiaz.i.ir. Japanese at- tempts to advance farther were rc- Anirrican soldiers, thr Fort Bliss a'crc public relations office siul loday. "The Japs Rot Ihe .Mine food and shelter as U. S. troops" an official slatrmeni ?ald. "So wcjl were Hie Hlfh ynil I0ir ta 9 p.m llich And Tow nme Ailr liil mi Snnsrl last nitM Snn'fl lonltkl Rilnfill. .AS. NEW YORK. Feb. nc WASHINGTON. Feb. 7 on the enemy's woiindrd. .Japanese S'.camer Suhui .The Senate confirmed today I-rrs- Japs ircalcd lhal Army "Ificials rr f he navy, in a Pacific fleet state-; Maru foundered with 700 persons I Went Roojrvcll's promotion of Pal-1 ccivcd numcruiis that !n- nient relesscd here and at Pearl; aboard Sunday nc.ir Kasoshama iicfc j. Hm-ipy. former secretary oil lerners ncrc'pampcrrd'" Harocr. said these casualty finirrs hanu 500 o[ (hem arc missinc. the and the President's personal The Fort conuiKiu followed covered the period up to Sun-1 German nrns R.VB said to- day cvcnino if even days of fighting i night in a hrnadc.iM recorded by and that it Is expected the final the U. s. forricn broadcast Intclli- i figures will change litilc. I pence service. to the Near East, from I a Japanfc broadcast cturcir.s Ihr tlic temporary rank of brigadier Intrrnre.s were forced m had wcath- ftneral to the temporary rank of major cer.eral in the Army. f-r to live in dilapidated totts on' From Knajalrin. As1! ciatrd U'nr Wil- liam Unrdrn. who has seen J.ip.inrir fnrtificjtions in the .Vtruthm. Ihr i'tonds anil the .Mnrshallv wrolf that there w.is nn inriic.itlon their defences wouiit crnir lourhcr as Ihr advamr across the Pacific deeper Inlo rncmy trrrilory. Ihe post. I See r.WIHC. Tatf 12. Col. I Guns Destroy, Foot by Foot, Part of Kwajalein; Kill Everything BY I.. KWAJALEIN. .Manhsll Feb. have looked ol both Ei'.ds of one of the world's historic artillery bombardments. It's difficult to write of it with- out lapsing into superlatives. But the simple fact is that American guns destroyed, ns nearly as it Is possible to destroy land itself, the northwest end of Kwajalein island. Nothing that was there when this blanket of hot steel fell, is alive- no men. no trees, not even liny crabs which were scutlllnj through the coral, vrar minute devilfish lived in holes in Ihe reel, There nerr rruis- rrs. aircraft, and it hithlv Important concentration of Army fiflrl artillery. Their all pointed one ward a strip of coral beach roushly 1.500 >arris long and barely .VX) yards rlefp. The seagoing artillery and planes began working on this strip, Increas- ing their batlering steadily for three until al least one battleship was lying just a mile offshore and firing Its heaviest guns. Al ihf range of a mile you can almost tccl the muzzle blast of t 16-inch gun. iWhat its huse shell docs HI hitting: is a Ml of concentrated dc.slniclwn I whirh changes the entire aspect of j the countryside. I Our dive bombers kept dropping lower and lower until they were al a maximum dive, and our fighters were strafing the smoke wreathed beach. The payoff rime after Armj artillery pieces lintd up on Enu- buj Island, three-foorlhs of a mile lonj. In places there was only enough room between the hubs of Ihe gun carriages to al- low the crews to operate, F.nu- buj only a litlU mcr tin miles from thr inrlurfrl inva- sion brach of For Atmy artilirry ranee I- so short tJiat thf Kiur- inrrily need be. raifctl from the let el po.vitlon. But a gcMxl half of Emibuj island had to he denuded of palm trees In give the guns open spaces through which to fire. At a prearranged hour Ihe.sc guns began .simultaneous blasting. There was no qucslion of hilling the target. The only question was of how much steel be neces- sary to reduce it lilcrally lo brok- i en bus ot wrmd anil I j This wrnl nn t'.r At tinier we cmilrl mil jrr Kwajalcm I for Ihf smoke li'ivcrinij oirr it. Firr. j broke nut. burnrci [irrcrly ?nd riird lack of futtlirr fiicl When (lift sir.okc cicaird aaay we could sec occasional of rock j Inhere the shells hit and pillars of flame and .smoke where they black- I encd trees or destroyed frame struc- tures. I Meanwhile the Infantry mnv- In. This fs an inadequate description of hundreds of am- phibious Undlng relilclei ind boils mnilnt in from ships shore iiinlrr Ihf scrcerlilnt rorif shells, they wcrt covered hy smnkf. After an hn'.ir the first of (hem went out of Mithl on the reef just as thr barr.iRc lifted enough to per- mit Iheir landing. The guns contin- ued to pound the area inland where the Jap tie fenders might silll be. The only sound to tndicale the landing progress was (he recurrent roar of landing craft motors which reached us like, the sound a thou- sand airplane motors whenever a lull in After morr Imnrs of firinc. Hif was re- placed placed by nulilais men call i finnv. on order. Ihat i'-. firir.g al .'snnil specific targets wtiicti the In- fantry may want reduced to permit single adiancc.s over a few of brarh across a strcu-h of tf mm. The bombarrlmtnt left no In- dication of whether this tnd of thf IsUnrl-wis covered with grass between the trees, or tthelhrr llir snil nas hidden un- tler coconut frnniK There is nnly loose dirt thrown Indis- criminately intn piles iriih rocX, scooprd mil ol holes so mor- mons that they are bein; used as rcjimcntal hrartrruarlcn. Col. logic, commanding one J rcgiemcr.t. estimated his men some 50 Japar.eiC dead in their first! 500 yard advance. The regiment his flank rcjxirted about 100. UnJ doubtcdly dozens or hundreds wera buried under the ruble In natural graves never to te found. ;