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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 6, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND SCORE m4th War Loan quota $3,245,000.00 •Sales Saturday    264,835.66 Sales this month    2,933,282.71 Shortage    311,717.29ITje ^toilette porter -iBtevus win lour or with offense to friends or foes w i : ski , / cl I rot r vt orld exactly vs /1 goi :s -it r0n SUNDAY *VOL. LXIII, NO. 234 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 6. 1944 -THIRTY-FOUR PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Prem (AP\ United pre%% (UP.) PRICE FIVE CENTSReds 290 Miles From Germany TOJO planned prisoner tortures, says victim 'Nazi Losses Heavy . **■ r\ rnr/AT^ * O VT f 'TP • St A %-*,» t TJ n I didn't lf i\n ii' t Vt Att ct III a I*a *• a _ it ie* n I t*An dtf d Act i ii ftd t a ho Q ti I ll CO ITO lif*f I Iii Ck t W P .1 HP    ® In Rescue Efforts POLAND': Zhlob.n RUSSIA • EDITORS NOTE: Morris Harris, veteran Associated Press correspondent in East Asia and Shanghai bureau chief at the time of Pearl Harbor, here reports his views on whether the Japanese high com-w'mand knew about the atrocities on Bataan > BY MORRIS HARRIS WASHINGTON. Feb. 5—'^—Certain official quarters here are reported as suggestion that the Big Shots in Tokyo didn’t know about the atrocities on Bataan From many years of direct experience with the Japanese military —including imprisonment in filthy ^circumstances and continual, nerve- rwracking this: questioning—I can say 1. The Bis Shots In Tokyo probably knew. 2. If they didn t, it was because they didn't want to. 3. If bv some chance they didn't know, they still are responsible for these atrocities because they shaped the policy of ruthless conquest which implicitly—to be as charitable as possible—encouraged them. There may have been a few Japanese in Japan proper who didn’t know what was going on in Bataan, but you can take it from people who have been through the Japanese mill that such Japanese were not among Japan’s military master minds or their subordinates. With many others, I watched them work their barbarities in the Orient for years before they got to Bataan and Corregidor If there are Americans who would excuse Tokyo leaders on grounds of ignorance for what their army did in the Philippines, then these Americans are indulging in the same kind of wishful thinking that preceded Pearl Harbor and which could make this war in the Pacific even more costly than it is already destined to be The truth is that Jap super-warlords—especially Hideki Tojo himself—not only know of the barbarous actions of their armies, they are the very authors of these acts. That is not to say that they know every detail. They don't want to know the details. These are left to the actual killers and trained thugs on the scene. But the super-lords in Tokyo long ago laid down the inhuman poliry of conquest for the "glory” of Japan at the expense of peaceful neighbors. The fate of the underdog has been clear always—tho>-e staond in the way of Impr / I Nippon must • be crushed. The declared purpose of the Japanese militarist is to drive the white man from Asia and as much farther as possible. Behind this purpose is an insane belief that we can be horrified into losing our will to i fight back and into asking for a negotiated peace. ‘‘You must suffer so that if and when you go home you will tell your people what it means to oppose Japan," a high Japanese inquisitor blandly told me when I was a prisoner in Shanghai after t'earl Harbor. Such statements came Lorn officers with stars on their shoulders— men in real authority. They weren't sergeants or shavetails intoxicated with momentary power over a helpless enemy—they were the first line of officialdom away from Tojo. "This is the first war in which von (America) are going to have to put out in lives and suffering.” they dinned into me while I was their "guest"—as they put it—in a stinking prison. The dead of Bataan died under a concrete plan that originated In Tokyo. Second in Area- ’Callahan County lops Bond Quota Callahan became the second county in West Central Texas to climb over the top in the Fourth War Loan drive, a downtown rally at Baird clinching the quota of $272,000. B. H. Freeland, Callahan county judge and drive chair-.|inan, reported Saturday's sales as $189,512.50. A street sale had been planned, Judge Freeland reported, but rain drove the bond buyers inside. The throng, however, lost no enthusiasm in the crowded district courtroom and established a local bond I Ifouving record for a single day. I First in thli-xrea t» reach til quote was Fisher county which met a goal of $265,000 Thursday. Sutton county, southwest of here. also topped its quota of $260,000 .^Saturday, taylor 1300,000 Short of Goal G. P. Widmer Dies at 84 Heres the bond box counties in this area Total to date $4,837 Borden Callahan .Coleman PFisher Howard Jones Mitchell Nolan Runnels A Scurry Shackelford Taylor Over top 523.840 Over top 800.000 650.000 325.000 522.000 450.527 250.000 200.979 2.933.282 Ta viol- county was flight)? ox er $320,000 short of its $3,245,000 score on Fourth War Loan quota af the close of business Saturday night but Quota purchases of Series E bonds were $16,000 lagging badly. 272.000 on a quota of $1,303,000 for E 802.000 ; securities on!" $807,327.50 has been 265.000 ! purchased to date. 1.380.000 During a week which saw bond 917,000, rallies and intensified drives in 421.000 nearly all parts of the countv. sales 747.000 Cf aii .securities rose from $1,850- 923.000 097.80 renorted last Saturday to an 397.000 overall total of $2 933.282.71 last 315.000 3 245.000 140.000 LT. W. R. DeBUSK Ex-ACC Flier's Medals to Wile Reported missing in action. Lf. William R. De Busk of O'Donnell, graduate of Abilene Christian college, was honored last week when his wife, the former Claudine Etter of Childress, received two medals and an oak leaf cluster in his behalf in ceremony from the Childress Army air fields. Mrs. DfBusk was presented the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Air Medal and Oak Leaf Cluster by Col. John W. White, commanding officer The medals were given for George P Widmer. 84. a resident of Abilene since 1883, died yesterday afternoon at his home, 1933 College, after an illness of a week Services will be held at the St. Paul Methodist church this afternoon at two o'clock with the Rev. J O. Havmes, pastor, and the Rev. J. H Hamlin, officiating. Pallbearers for the funeral will be Lyle Tarpiey, J V Eddington. Cia' -ton Lusby, v. E Baldridge. Maj. O H Bryant and Bernie Blain. Burial will be in a local cemetery with Laughter Funeral home in charge Mr Widmer was born in Ohio, Nov 23, 1859 and moved to Texas at the age of 19 where he settled in Corsicana After moving to Abilene iii 1889 he was married to Hattie Henry in 1891. Since moving here Mr. Widmer has engaged in the lumber and tin industries. He Is survived    by    his    wife, three daughters. Mrs.    T    E.    Kirksey, of    I Austin. Mrs. Charles Galbrith of Midland, and Mrs. Hattie Kathrin Childress of Abilene; one son, Capt Henry Widmer of Ft. D.    A Russell;    J three brothers.    A    E.    Widmer of Waco. Fred Widmer of Corsicana and Henry Widmer of Dallas and I seven grand children. LONDON, Sunday, Feb. 6—(AP) —Tht Red army in a major westward sweep has captured Rovno and Lutsk, 85 miles inside old Poland, Moscow disclosed last night, while a Soviet communique early today announced the Germans had lost 4,500 more men and 95 tanks in a vain effort to crack the Russian trap closing on IO Nazi divisions facing swift death or surrender near the Dnieper river. The march into Poland in the last few days has reconquered 200 towns and hamlets along the main railroad to Warsaw, carried the Red army to within 50 miles of the Rus-sian-Germany 1939 boundary, and to within 290 miles of German proper. Two Hungarian divisions were routed and 2,000 German and Hungarian prisoners captured in this victory. The Russians in this area were now in territory captured by the Germans in the first week of their Russian invasion in June, 1941. Announcement of the great victory was made in a special order of the day bv Premier Marshal Joseph Stalin who ordered a salute of 20 salvos from 224 Moscow guns in celebration of the “well-executed outflanking maneuver" by atoll of Japan’s Marshall islands, Seventh-Division soldiers REI) MARCH ON—Soviet troops continued yesterday to crash along toward Germany along the Southern Front. The broken arrow shows the vicinity where the IO divisions are trapped and frantic rescue efforts of the Germans have failed. The Reds have taken Lutsk and Rovno in old Poland and push on. Japs on Kwajalein Nearly All Dead U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, Pearl Harbor. Feb. 5 — (AP) -Clinching America's grip on the biggest Speech Instructor At ACC to WAVES Throckmorton 124.000 • ♦ • Practically every chairman in the ,^*rea expressed conudence last night •that his county will reach the goal before the drive closes. The War Loan drive came out winner in this deal. As the halls on the second m floor of the Alexander building W were getting a hit dirty, dup to a janitor shortage, the girls employ rd on that floor agreed to scrub the halls if the men working on tlv* floor would buy some extra War Bonds during the ‘A fourth War Loan drive The men chipped in $600 and now the girls murt hold up their end of the bargain. Shackelford county was knocking at the door with $290,979 against a 0quota of $315,000. “We expect to go over in a day or so,” said ( hairman John I . Sedwick. “Several pledges are in that have not been counted, so we're sure to make it." •p Shackelford had sold $94,000 in See NUMEROUS, Page 13. Col. I Miss Virginia O'Neal of Hugo. Ok-night, according to figures released Lieutenant DoBusk’s participation lahoma. offered her resignation to by C. M. Caldwell, county chair- action in the Middle East the- Abilene Christian college at the close man.    ater last summer while serving as of the fall semester in order that On sales of all classes of bonds,    a navigator with the Ninth air force,    she might enter    the armed services Merkel reported $34,849 sold the    The DFG wa* given for "dis-    of the country, past week to bring their total for    tingulshed and meritorious achieve-    Miss O'Neal had    been with ACC the Fourth drive to $95,930.75. Of    me*lt while participating in aerial    I since Seotrmbrr    of    last year as (he these sales. $76,593 was for Series ; flight against the enemy in opera-E a record high percentage over    tions over the Polesti oil refineries all the county. Trent doubled bond purchases the past week with $12,599 sold to bring their drive total to $24.267 75. Nearly one-fourth of this total, $6 806.2, went for Series E s Greatest sales increase in the countv this week was registered at Tuscola where *58.956.25 was added to bring the total to date to $78,-956.25. Of this total. $21,956.25 was in Series E. Lockett Shelton, assistant regional manager of the War Finance committee, described the county as doing well on its overall quota, but falling alarmingly short on the E securities. of Rumania on Aug. I. 1943." The Air Medal and cluster were for five operational sorties of two and one half hours or more duration in the Middle East. Mrs, DeBusk is a niece of A, C. Et'er and Frank Etter of Abilene. Lieu‘enant DeBu^k is the on of Mr. and Mrs. W. O. DeBusk of O'Donnell. Tops Billion Mark WASHINGTON, Feb 5— ■ P*-For the first time in any calendar year, postal receipts passed the billion dollar mark in 1943. .BALLROOMS HERE FILLED FOR BIRTHDAY DANCES Over 2 000 persons—privates to j ley commander, and Mrs Wales, brigadier general*, and civilians There a larger crowd danced even voung and old -crowded the dance floors of both the Hilton and Wooten hotels Saturday night, honoring President Roosevelt’* birthday to further the fight against infantile paralysis. O’d-t liners at the balls called this year’s celebration the most successful and best attended of any evei held in Abilene. A' the Wooten hotel, where officers and civilian took the lead. Frig. Gen. and Mrs, Roy C. Hefle-bower lead the grand march which started the dancing in a ballroom so crowded that not all could go inside General Heflebower is ^commanding officer of the Medical Replacement Training Center at Camp Barkeley. For enlisted men and civilians, the dapce at the Hil’on was begun with a grand march headed bv Col. Victor W. B. Wales, Camp Barke- in the mezzanine, to music furnished by the Military Police Training Center, aviation. Officers and enlisted men came without dates, and so did a number of girl*. At the Hilton, 200 girls came in a grouo organized at the Fifth Street USO from points as far awa}- as Stamford Aspermont. Breckenridge and Albany, and even more enlisted men were at the hotel to meet. them. Music at the Wooten hotel was furnished by the 66th Medical Regiment band. Chairmen Wallv Akin and Wilmer Sims lauded Abilenians, soldiers and sailors for the attendance. Special thanks went to both hotels for their cooperation, to the Junior chamber of commerce for ticket sales, and to both bands from Barkeley. Fscoped Convicts Sought by Police AUSTIN. Fob. 5 (A*)—State and local police joined prison authorities today in .seeking seven convicts who have broken away from prison farms in the last three davs More than a dozen Rangers and highway    patrolmen    were    concen trated on a hunt near Nacogdoches for Ernest Herring and Robert Mr* Bechern, each with a record of several previous breaks. Both were up for long terms. Thev and another prisoner fled th1" Retrieve farm Wednesday. Two other convicts escaped the same farm Thursday. Latest    to    escape    were    reported today from the Ramsey farm. They were Guadalupe Rodriquez. 19, serving    25    year*    from    Hidalgo connu for    burglary and    Leandro Peiez 36. serving 25 rears from Harris county for robbery by assault I speech instructor She Is planning to complete arrangements for joining the WAVES. For the remainder of the school year Rex Kvker. raduate of ACC last May. will have change of the speech classes. Kvker was a speech major under Mrs. Rebecca Morris, former instructor of the ACC speech department. He has done ministerial wrork and .some teaching in Ballinger this past year. Acting as his student assistant Is Wallace Jackson of Midland, who w ill receive his R A. degree in speech this spring. Germans In Italy Whipped Soviet mobile units and infantry. There was equal drama in a little circle of Ukrainian territory sAuth of Kiev where perhaps 100,000 Germans were being squeezed to death by a tightening ring of Red army forces. Almost 17.000 Germans have been killed in this area in the last three days and there were increasing signs that the last stage was approaching — much as it did at Stalingrad a year ago. Thirteen more towns, including Olshana. 15 miles northeast of 2ven»gorodka. were taken by the Russians in the last 24 hours. The Soviet airforce clamped an aerial blockade over the area, bringing down lumbering tri-motor Junkers-#! transports packed with ammunition and fuel for the besieged ------  —-I Nazi forces. The Germans out ide the ring were attacking frantically to reach their comrades. In one attack west of Zveni-gorodka four German regiments of motorised infantry and over IOO tanks beat a Russian lines. The Germans were completely repulsed, said the midnight Moscow bulletin, recorded by the Soviet monitor, with a loss of 65 tanks and 1,500 dead. In another attack JO more tanks and seven self - propelled guns were wrecked and a regiment of 3,* 000 men wiped out. Meanwhile Gen Walter Von Seydlitz, wIwas captured at Stalingrad and now Is president of the Soviet-sponsored Union of German 01 fleers, urged the encircled Ger- ALL1ED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Feb. 3 — (AP) — American tank destroyer units and British infantry successfully beat off the first concentrated G e r in a ii assault against the two-weeks-old Allied Anzio beachhead and late today were reported holding tight to a line north of ( ar-roceto, 24 miles south of Rome. A 3 p. rn., battle front dispatch from Daniel de Luce, Associated Press correspond- have killed virtually all defenders and captured Kwajalein, Ebeve and Loi islands of the Kwajalein group. Seizure of these three strategic points at the southern end of the atoll, announced today bv Adm. Chester W. Nimitz, runs to 19 tile number of-Kwajalein’* 30-odd islets now in American hands. Many the remaining Islands are mil’* tarilv unimporti it. The Victory -J fords the Miles soother potential airfield on Kwajalein Island and seaplane bases at El>e\e Fourth Division Marine* earlier had swept across Rot and Namur Islands to clinch control of the north end of the atoll. Continuing their steady push up the eastward edge of the big atoll. Arnn troops already are attacking Ougegwe. just north of Loi, Admiral Nimitz’ press release said. Ougegwe had been strongly fortified. and Japanese artillery de-I fiantlv answered the mighty American fleet’s pre-invasion bombardment. On Lot, invading troops wined out the Jsoftnese garrison quickly after a .similar heavy shelling and bombing Gugegwe is experted to fall soon. Kwaialein was captured four , dar.x after the first troops landed, Feb, I. The battle was a bloody, pillbox-by-pillbox struggle, but its outcome was never doubtful and I American toss?’ remained moderate An earl; Kwajalein island report of I 250 Jananese to 27 Amcri-< ans killed has bern maintained, front-line reports stated. See RUSSIANS. Page 13, ( si * Cross Plains Soldier Killed Work Day Held at OIH Glorv Community OLD GLORY, Feb. S—Friday was designated community work day for Old Glory. Work was done on counter-charges had restored cravelinc the road from the btisi-,,    ,    •    .i    .    Amori- nrs* part of town to the church, b., tile high school, and school lunch can tank dost t o-< t s v. ct e 11 < < room    j    ited with definitely knocking Osrar Gibson, commis inner had | out four German Tiger tanks fharee of hauling gravel and m*n of the community assisted bv do- CROSR PLAINS. Feb $ <Spl> -Mr. and Mrs. Clyde Slaughter Friant, said Allied forces had ab-j <jay were informed bv the War desorbed a German tank and in- partment that their son, Pvt Wood-fantry attack and in bitter row m Slaughter. 25. had b^en killed in action somewhere in Italy Wewak Blasted With 108 Tons | ALLIED HEADQUARTER* IN THE AOUTHWF.ST PACIFIC. >>*tn day. Feb. 6 /Ti— For the second straight day, Allied airmen have ripped Japanese aerial strength at Wewak, New Guinea. Gen Douglas MacArthur reported today tpp Wewak area was hit with 108 tons of bombs, raising to mote than 300 the tonnage of explosives pouud on the main New Guinea base in two days. MacArthur announced yesterday that Fifth Airforce bombers struck Wewaks four airdromes, .shooting dowm eight planes and destroying 72 on the ground In today's report, he said six mote Japanese bombers and one fighter were shot down. So intense was the latrsi bombing of Wewak that fires still burning from the first dav's attack and those started anew were visible for 50 miles. Other American airmen took advantage of a break in the weather to bring the aerial war back to Ra-baul. Japan's oft-bombed bastion on the northeastern tip of New Brit -ain At least 13 enemy planes were shot down over Rabaul the contend probably 132 more planes weft destroyed over Rabaul last month Madana and Alexi.shafen. import-ant supply and air bases in New See Mac ARTHUR. Page IS. Col 6 Light Showers Fall In West Texas Area nating work, shovels, trailers, and pickups. IHF WfATHFR Willkie Plans to Go to Wisconsin MILWAUKEE, Feb. 5    - f/D — Wendell L. Willkie said today he would spend at least two weeks in Wisconsin before tile April 4 primary election because "the election is one of the mort important pre-nomination tests" in the country. Finishing a four-hom visit divided between conferring with delegate candidates pledged to support him for the presidential nomination in the Republican national convention, and a group of 30 Wisconsin daily and weekly newspaper publishers, Willkie said that "Wisconsin is a difficult state for me to make a test, but I am willing.” I . « DI P VHT MENT OI C OMMERC E CVF. ATMI R HI RI XI ABH.BNF and VIC INITY < »n-linu'C cloud v    and *nm#wh«t roldcr Sundae afternoon and ni(ht Mnnda% continuod cloudy and colder I; A SI TI X VS Cloud., occasional rain Nunda, cooler in north; Manias, mottle cloudy, widely trailered shower* not mute to cold in north, froth wind* on the co**!. west TF. VAS Moat), cloud x ii n d a ' and Moods. :    arratmnal rain in Tecoa Valle, and east of the Poco* ruer and the Ile! Rio—Facie Pi., area *#nd0>; not quite an mid in Panhandle Sunda'. TF MPI RXII RI s XM Tri. HOI R S I PM Sal. ss vt VI A.I it SI XI in It tx r vt. ct Cl. Cl . It cs sc •VI Fri SC sc NC NI SI NI SH Si Si sc » sa AC    —    IA .......IO §7    —    sc ...... ii    ..... _ SN    —    SN    I*    — High and low temperature, to p rn Ct and Al. High and low same dale la,! year ii and ll. Nunaet last night; * IC. Sunriae thi» morning N 29. Runaei tonight: “.ll. Rainfall 07. n one engagement. German casualties were etimat-ed to have been extremely high in their futile attempt to wipe out the salient. Allied fences were being re-grouped to contend with an expected all-out German drive to wipe out the beachhead and relieve pressure on Rome and Nazi troops fighting in Southern Italy. On the main fifth Army front. Germans and Americans fought with everything from snipers to tanks in the house lo house fight for Cassino, fortified gateway to the I.iri valley. While the Germans in the south sought to delay the fifth Army's advance through gaps in the Gustav line and prevent the junction of Hie main hodv with the units holding the beachhead, it became evident that the Nazi offensive south of Home was in its early stages. The Germans still were probing for a weak spot at tshirt! to fling their main attacca. (The German conmumque quoted Berlin military spokesmen as sa}- See ITALY, Phge 13, Col. 7 Dec. 9, 1943. A member of ’he 36th Division. , Private Slauahter entered .service when his National Guard unit was activated He was a graduate of Cross Plains high sc hod A brother. Cpl Johnny Slaughter is .stationed at Camp Swdft and another brother, Bill Slaughter, a pre-Pearl Harbor father, last week volunteered for military service He »lso has a sister, Louise, living in Cross Plains. A memorial service will probably be held for Private Slaughter, the second man from Cross Plains to be killed in Action The first recoiled dead was Marvin Ray Smith, seaman 1-C, killed in the Attack on Pearl Harbor. Ukronian Republic Selects Commissar LONDON. Feb. 5 I’ Alexander E Kornrickhuk. who resigned recently a' vice commissar for foreign affairs of the So iet union, has been named foreign commissar of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist republic, the Moscow radio said tonight In quoting a Tass dispatch In announcing the first appointments under the new decree increasing the powers of the 16 sap*-i rate republics of the Soviet union, | Hic broadcast said further that N S. Khrushchev had oeon named chairman of the council of the peoples commissars of the Ukrainian republic. Light showers fell over a wide West Central Texas area Saturday Precipitation in Abilene amoun'-ed to .07 inch, and fall apparently being no heavier in other parts of j 0f the sector Rain was reported at Baird. Albany, Stamford, Colorado City, Sweetwater. Coleman and Ballinger It was not general, howeier. as Big Spring, Rotan, Snyder, among other towns, failed to receive moisture during the day. Carrier-ba *ed planes still roam widely oyer tho Marshalls, suonort-ing the ground invasion. Eniwetok atoll, in the northwest corner of the Marshalls, an important enemv supply base, was bombed Fob. 3, Admiral Nimitz said He also announced Wake inland, 600 mile* north of the Marshalls, was bombed for the lith time Friday night by tyo squadrons of Coronados. Army medium bombers attacking o'tier Marshall island targets Thursday night sank a small freighter in JauHt atoll, and MIU atoll was machine-gunned and bombed bv fighter paine* Feb. 3. No U S. pianos were lost in any . which Roparently were (airted out to keep down any po*-'•lblr Japanese a'tempt to bring in additional aircraft. Eniwetok—353 nautical miles northwest of Kwajalein and about See KW V I XLI IN. Page I?,. Col. I WOOTEN TRUST WILL AID ENDOWMENT OF M MURRY The Wooten Trust has beni formed by Mi and Mrs. H. O Wooten and family of Abilene lot benefit of the endowment fund of Mc Mum college, Dr. Harold G. Cooke, president of the college, announced Sa -urday. The trust at present consist* of cash bonds and real estate valued the largest wholesale firms in the southwest, and owns the Wooten hotel hete, is a pioneer Abileman who came here in the towns first davs and began a buaineSvS career that ha* earned national note, He has been r trustee of McMurry since it w a* opened in 1923 and was at $80OOO Income from the mon? one of the Abilene men who made securities and property owned ay i tile trust will accrue to the college's , endowment. The real estate owned by the Trust is the building at 225 Walnut I occupied by the Taystee Baking I company. It is valued at $45,000. Mr. Wooten, who head* the H O I Wooten Grocery company, one of a substantial gift to the fund for construction of the original college building. Dr. Cooke called hun one one of the very liberal supporters of the college throughout its existence. He served five years as president of the board of trustees and hrs son. Sterling Wooten nd» is * member of the board. ;