Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 6, 1938, Abilene, Texas
VOL LYM, NO. 261
®be Abilene Reporter
"WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, W E SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES,"-Byron ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 6, 1938 THIRTY PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS
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THIS MECHANICAL AGE—
Motherhood Loses Sacred ness For Biddie As Incubator Takes Over Reg enerative Process
BY RAY DAVIDSON
Clucking hens have been growing more unpopular for the last 5.000 years.
Their maternal desires have been squelched by man's science since the days of ancient Egypt and China. Man has found a better way to propagate poultry . . . except for the actual production of eggs.
So long and so thoroughly has man discouraged hens from becoming biologically sentimental that some breeds—notably the white leghorn—have almost discontinued the habit of periodically becoming maternal minded.
Today's hens are machines that eat, lay eggs, cackle, eat, lay more eggs. The chicken is the most domesticated of living things.
The Chinese—perhaps at about the same time they were learning to roast pig—first deprived the
hen of her privilege of setting (Yes. ''setting”). They piled the eggs in a basket, submerged it in ashes.
Later, a Frenchman tried the method of hatching eggs in barrels of fermenting manure; but the people imagined that chickens of such birth had a foul taste.
Since those early attempts, a lot of pinfeathers have fallen from the flocks. And all the time there have been improvements in the process of taking away the hen’s maternity.
First there were hot water incubators. then various forms of hot air machines. Poultrymen of the last, few lecadcs remember their experiences with mail-order, kero-sene-lamp style incubators.
But in the past half a dozen years the business of mechanically “setting” eggs has had its wrinkles really ironed out.
Hatching is a big. commercial business today. Not only has the
hen been outmoded as a hatcher of chicks, but also the 50, IOO, and 200-egg incubators that graced nearly every poultry farm a few years ago have disappeared.
Now the birds discover America 1.000 at a time. They are bom of carefully examined eggs laid by | blood-tested hens They come into being in air-conditioned incubators elaborately heated to within 1-10 of I degree of the proper temperature.
Frank P. Kirk. Abilene hatchery-man. has two big incubators that accomodate 57,00 eggs at one time, for example.
In his incubators, trays of eggs are placed on movable brackets, one above the other for a dozen decks. Electrical gadgets kept the temperature within 1-10 degree of 97 degres Fahrenheit. If something goes wrong with the machinery, ,
See INCU BATOR, Pf. 9, Col. 3
Dog Factions Discuss Issues In Open Forum
Law's Opponents And Proponents Meet Together
About 75 persons from Abilene and Taylor county gathered in the auditorium of the city hall Saturday afternoon for an open forum discussion of the proposed “dog law ’ to be voted on throughout the county Tuesday.
With representatives of both the pro and con factions present, the
CONFERENCE AFTERMATH -
Gov t To Aid Little Men
BROWNWOOD, Feb. 5.—(Spit —On the basis of incomplete returns, Brown county voters in a local option election today had defeated by more than 2 to I a proposed law to require registration of and a tax on dogs. With all the larger boxes in the county reported, the vote stood 444 for and 1,156 against the law. Vote In the city of Brownwood was 227 for the law and 367 against.
FHA To Insure Loans For Plant Enlargements
I * *
Other Plans Being Studied To Help Small Business
WASHINGTON, Feb. S—(AV-The Federal Housing Administration revealed today partial insurance of plant improvement loans would be the administration’s initial effort to solv* the loan problem of small business.
Many other solutions of the problem, the importance of which was stressed by the thousand small business urn who met here in the last week, also are being studied by the administration.
The “little men” recommended government insurance of “loans for all necessary' purposes,” and direct government loans if banks failed to cooperate.
The FHA policy, authorized in an almost completely unpublicized section of the new housing act. which President Roosevelt signed Thursday night, covers loans up to $10,000. If a bank can be induced to make the loan for periods ranging up to five years, the FHA will guarantee IO per cent of it.
“We expect to do a great volume of business under this plan,” a spokesman said.
Other proposals still are iii the study stage.
One official suggested the government encourage private investors to form investment pools for the purpose of buying stock in small enterprises. His idea
Rites Set Today For Dr. Dodson
Lengthy Illness Fatal To Beloved Minister, Scholar
Northwest Texas Methodists today mourns the passing of Buford Warren Dodson, minister for more than half a century and since 1932 head of the Bible department of McMurry college.
Last rites for Dr. Dodson will be I question'
conducted at 3 o’clock this afternoon from the St. Paul Methodist church. The pastor, Dr. C. A.
Long, will officiate, assisted by Dr.
Memorial services for Dr. Dodson will be conducted at the McMurry college chapel Monday morning at IO o'clock, with Dr. Thomas W. Brabham, president of the institution in charge. Part of the services will be broadcast over radio station KRBC.
Huge 70-year-old John Mack ut Chelsea, Ma. s., calmly permitted this picture to be taken in Lowell, Mass., after his arrest following the slaying of three inmates and wounding of two in Tewksbury state infirmary. whtre he was an inmate. |_______
Thomas W. Brabham, president of McMurry college; Dr. C. A. Bickley, presiding elder of the Abilene district; Dr, W. M. Murrell, former presiding elder, and the Rev. J. H. Hamblen, pastor of First Methodist church.
Masonic rites will be said at the graveside in Cedar HUI cemetery.
A Knight Templar escort will take
part in the interment services.
Funeral arrangements are in
charge of Elliott's Funeral home. MCMURRY MOURNS Dr. Dodson, who was 71 years old STAMFORD, Feb. 5.—Sixtv-two Monday, died at IO a. rn. Sat-
members of Stamford and Abilene urday at his home. 2017 South Fif-
Exchange clubs and their wives met teenth street. His loss immediately
was here tonight to honor Jeff D. Dickey cast a pall of gloom over the Mc-
thaT only large capital pools which of Dallas, state president of the or-1 Murry campus, and as the news
could average good investments ganization, and William H. York of spread to the score of cities and
against mad investments would be San Antonio, vice president. j towns where he had served as pal
ace to take the risks involved in E. L. Hutchison, president of the tor, telegrams of condolence began providing capital for small busi- , Stamford club, presided for the ban- pouring in, both to-the family and
nesses. His proposal also would ' quet at Stamford Inn, and W. G. to college officials,
enable small firms to get new work- Swenson, a former state president,1 Many ministers who had come to
introduced visitors. jove ^im as a man and to admire
Dickey spoke on the cluD name. him as a scholar, through years of
saying that “Exchange’’ stood for association with him, were expected
the exchange of ideas between to be here this afternoon for the
members, and the motto, “United funeral. Preceding the services at
discussion lasted for almost two hours.
Opponents of the law, invited to the meeting by proponents, said a show of hands in the meeting showed a majority of those present opposed the law,
PARR CHAIRMAN Knox Pair, county agent, had been appointed temporary chairman for the meeting and was elected to continue in that capacity throughout the discussions. He opened the program by reading a complete copy of the act to the assemblage and re-read several passages of the law as questions were raised concerning certain of them.
In opening the discussion, Parr said: “In the beginning let’s make up our minds to have a friendly and cooperative discussion of this I am sure that there are ptople here who are for the law end some that are against it, We want everyone to be given a chance to express his views. DEWOLF SPEAKS “I dont believe anyone would want sheep or any other livestock killed,” said Nelson DeWolf, first person to answer the call for general discussion. “Most sheep kill-
See DOGS, Pg. 12, Col. 3
Banquet Honors Exchange Prexy
Abilene Members Join Stamford Club At Affair
Inc capital, he said. The FHA policy covers only financing of property improvements.
Other officials doubt lf private pools could be large enough to average risks and say only the government is large enough for such a scheme, if it is employed.
Despite the plea of tile recent little men’s conference, few officials expect the administration to adopt any new direct lending measres.
Flies Here From LA In Six Hours
Following a record time flight from Los Angeles to Abilene in six hours, George Armistead landed at the Abilene municipal airport yesterday to refuel. His only stop on the hop was Phoenix, and from there he made it to Abilene in three and one-half hours.
Armistead was enroute to Nashville, Tenn., in a Beechcraft with two businessmen as passengers.
Among objectives which individual clubs might take as theirs,
Dickey listed service to agriculture, promotion of youth, annual Sunshine picnics for underprivileged honor children, organization of Boy Scout troops, the big brother movement, college scholarships, junior exchange clubs, service to aviation, tax education, traffic safety, suppression of crime and promotion of Americanism.
Stamford Blue Melody Boys gave music, and selections were rendered by two members of the Stamford high school band—Cecil Gray and Truett Smith.
Visitors from Abilene included Mr. and Mrs. Will D. Minter, Dr. and Mrs. A. C. Raymond, Mr. and rMs. Ben Shaitan. Gray Browne.
Mrs. Mary Hunter, and Mr. and Mrs. J. Ray Roe.
the church, Dr. Dodson’s body will lie in state in the chapel of McMurry from 10:30 this morning until 2:30 in the afternoon, ministerial students forming a guard of
His favorite music will be a part of the funeral service. The St. Paul choir will sing “Lead Kindly Light,” and Mrs. Henry Bass will give the solo. “That Far Away Home of the Soul.” It was also hoped that a veteran minister would sing a very old song, often ; his choice, “I Saw a Way Worn Traveler.”
Pallbearers will be members of the McMurry faculty and J. P. Patterson. Faculty members to serve being O. P. Thrane, Dean Roy G.
See DR DODSON. Pf. 12, Col. I
Jim Farley Would Blush; 3-Year-Old Letter Undelivered
Harold (Gob) Fitzgerald, assistant high school coach at Stamford, is going to receive a letter three and a half years old today or tomorrow.
He’ll find it postmarked August 31. 1934, and the carrier will call Fitzgerald’s attention to this message; “One cent due.”
Luther Adams, a clerk in the Abilene postoffice, discovered
the missive Friday. He called it to attention of Postmaster O A. Hale
The postmaster said Fitzgerald's letter, mailed by Dr. Holt McGee, was addressed in rare of the Abilene Reporter-News, where the Stamford coach formerly was employed.
Apparently it lay unnoticed and forgotten in some hidden cubbyhole until discovered and re-ma lied. Who made the discovery and posted the overdue letter was an unanswered question last night. No one was willing to confess the delinquency.
DESPITE NAZI PEACE PROCLAMATIONS--
Europe Quakes At Hitler
THIS NAVY PLANE CRASHED I NTQ ANOTHER OVER PACIFIC
This navy plane, 11-P4, shown in a take-off at San Diego,
Calif., collided with another ship during maneuvers off the
California coast, causing the death of ll navy men. Fourteen were in the two ships.
Abilenian Answers Solon
ABILENE C. OF C. BANQUET TO Denies Charges DRAW MANY WESTEX GUESTS | Of Being Linked
In Crime Ring
Grant' Envoy Right To See Mrs. Rubens
WASHINGTON. Feb 5. —J? —
Secretary Hull won from soviet Russia today permission for an American embassy representative to visit Mrs. Ruth Marie Rubens, an American citizen imprisoned on suspicion of spying.
Loy Henderson. American charge d'afatrs at Moscow, cabled that he or Second Secretary Angus I. Ward expected to see Mrs. Rubens today or tomorrow.
Eighteen Towns Already Have Made Reservations; Ticket Sales To 225
Forty-six representatives of 18 West Texas towns have notified the Abilene chamber of commerce that they will attend the annual membership banquet of that group Tuesday evening. It will be held at the Hilton hotel,
T. N. Carswell, secretary-manager, said that several others will probably notify the Abilene chamber of their intentions to attend before banquet time.
AUSTIN IS CHAIRMAN Report of Harold D. Austin, arrangements chairman, shows that more than 225 tickets to the event have been sold. This is exclusive of complimentary ticket* sent, to out of town guests.
Towns that have already sent word they will be represented include San Angelo, Winters, Tuscola, Brady, Wichita F’alls, Sweetwater Big Spring Midland Rotan,
Munday, Haskell, Stamford. Hamlin.
Anson, Albany Ranger, Eastland,
Brownwood and Coleman.
Much of the unusually active Interest being shown in the annual affair this year Is attributed by officials of the organization to the guest speaker Ralph Bradford, manager of the commercial organization department, the United States chamber of commerce.
“Ralph Bradford/* said H. D.
Austin, chairman of the arrangements committee, “is a real power in chamber of commerce work. We are fortunate to have him present at this meeting. Although he is connected with the United States chamber of commerce, his lecture will deal with the problems and achievements of local chambers of commers.”
Carswell, also expressed approval of the selection of speaker for the evening.
Victor J. Buthod One Of Pair Hit By Sen. Pittman
Accusations placed before a committee of the United States senate Friday by Senator Key Pittman (D-Nev) during hearings on the nomination of Fkert K. Burlew to be first assistant secretary of the Interior had repercussions in Abilene.
Victor J. Buthod. named by' Pittman with Walter S. Behrens as having been connected with one of the “worst criminal rings in Texas history while engaged in prohibition enforcement work in 1928,” is now an Abilene citizen. Buthod la
engaged in the oil business here and | Prussia from the Fatherland. with his family resides at 1641 South Fifth.
SENDS PITTMAN LETTER
I After reading Associated Press
dispatches of the Washington hearing and accusations against him, as read by Sen. Pittman, Buthod dispatched a lengthy letter by air mail to Sen. Pittman and the eom-; mittee before which the accusations weie read. Copies of the letter were sent to President Roose
Anxious World Awaiting Next German Moves
Fuehrer's Newly Acquired Powers Add To Anxiety
By JOHN EVANS
Associated Press General Foreign Editor Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler’s hand on the throttle of German’s great war machine makes the whole world anx--ious.
Hitler has declared for peace, but the world fears the things he intends to do may bring war.
Europe's statesmen have warned Germany of danger. British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden told the house of commons Wednesday Germany ts “perhaps potentially the greatest military’ power in Europe” and added it would be “difficult to exaggerate the significance” of Hitler’s force.
Der Fuehrer's assumption of direct command of German land, air and sea forces gives him no new power, but It eliminates all opposition. It is the manner in which he boldly proclaimed his control Friday night that startles a shellshocked world.
He ousted generals, shifted ambassadors, made the armed forces Nazi and let the world know Germany is advancing toward execution of her map-changing program. HITLER'S PROGRAM Hitler is on record for peace but here’s the program that may bring something else:
I. Germany wants her colonies back. Field Marshal General Hermann Wilhelm Goering, at his first appearance with his new title, renewed “the demand for return of robbed German property.”
3. Danzig corridor. No statesman ever expected Germany forever would remain separated by the polish strip that cuts off East
3. Germans abroad. There ara 3,000.000 of them in Czechoslovakia and there are nearly 7.000,000 people in Austria, speaking German and allies of Germany in the world war.
4 Russia. Oermanv casts envious eyes on the vast wheat fields of the Ukrin which could give Hitler's Nazis their own bread.
Those are the main points of * course that may mark German ex*
RALPH BRADFORD (see story to left)
To Insure Presence At Meeting, Arrest Of Councilmen Asked
publisher and former assistant under Harold I* Ickes, secretary of Interior,
In his letter Buthod denies all accusations, direct or implied, and demands that the same efforts be made to clear his name as were devoted to * bring it into disrepute by unsubstantiated and malicious
STAMFORD-S.am,or<1 Prod,*- S'S r^ordfoTth^as^ lion Credit association will hcnd its and interior departments with annual stockholders meeting Mon- ^ which he was connected from Feb-
velt and Don J. Kirkley, newspaper Passion m her dream of becom-
EVENTS TO COME IN WEST TEXAS
i w * -rw t u .I f^ry. 1922, through June. 1936 Central West Texas Lumberman s Buthod advised the association will convene in Stam
FORT WORTH, Feb. 5 In an unprecedented move, three association will be held at the Dib-m em hers of Fdrt Worth s city coun- red Echo ranch, IO miles north-cil today directed the issuance of east of Coleman. February 9. warrants for the arrest of two of SWEETWATEFL—Wimberly Here-
their colleagues to insure their ford farm will hold its annual sale presence at a meeting Monday. Monday.
The action was directed at coun- CISCO—G. P. Mitcham and Son
oilmen Herbert L. Hull and George Hereford breeders, will hold an auc-Eagle. who aroused the ire of the tion Tuesday.
progressive league faction by fail- ALBANY — Shackelford County ure to attend a meeting called to Hereford Breeders association sale consider appointments to four va- and Boys Livestock show will be cancies created in the councils held February 14. and F. W Alex-ranks by an epidemic of resigns- ander Hereford sale will be held tions. February 15.
City Secretary E. S. Birdsong, de- BALLINGER— Plans have been signaled to issue
advised the Reporter-Nears that he has no interest whatsoever in the nomination of Burel i e . . ,, M first assistant secretary un-
C. Dibrell and Sons ranch and the <jer Harold L Ickes He said how-Coleman County Hereford Breeders' ever, that rn fairness to himself
ford Tuesday. COLEMAN—Joint
auction of J.
and family that he feels duty bound to answer accusations made against him and his record.
MADE PRO AGENT
Buthod was appointed prohibition agent in 1922 and served continuously with the department as
See BUTHOD, Pg. 12, Col. 4
Report Business Decline; Checked
WASHINGTON. FV>b. 5. — (JP)
in* Europe's dominant power. CONSEQUENCE OF WAR
All these things are the outgrowth of the 1914-1918 war. Germany was shorn of her colonies and parts of her home territory sliced off.
Five years ago Hitler took power. He has made obsolete the peace treaty of Versailles and defied the old allies to prevent his march, back to independence—if not more.
In a world that spent $12,000,-000.000 last year for armaments, Hitler has built a great air force that alarms England, a huge mechanized army that strikes fear in Fiance and a navy more than one-third the size of the British empire's—and still growing.
Hitler announced “hastening” of fusing the Nazi party and the state. That will make the armed forces as Nazi as the rest of the government.
Matheny Rites Set Here This Afternoon
Funeral for W. F. Matheny, 83, victim of heart attack here Friday, will be held today at 4 p. rn. in Elliott's Funeral chapel with Dr. M. A Jenkins, pastor of the
w the warrants. r°mpleted for the Hill
found authority but no legal mach- Tlie'sday
inery in the charter for doing so. HA5KHLL—Trustees of the Paint
He promptly dumped the matter .f** , Consolidated
in the lap of Chief of Police A. E. scnoo‘ wU1 **eet in
Dowell who has not announced I ?uP**rintendent’s office February IO
The federal reserve board reported First Baptist church, officiating.
Country anight that the nation's business halted its decline during January
Following the service here the body will remain at the funeral
Rural high m Dumber the county
and is now no worse, at least, than home until about ll a rn Monday
and then carried overland in an
Discussing in its monthly bulle- Elliott's coach to Stephenville for
tin the recession which in about burial.
PUNISHED FOR ILLEGITIMACY
ABU.INK AM) VICINITY- Tartly rlotid>, continued mild temperature* stun- \ day.
WEST TEXAS: lair, cooler Sunday,
KAST TEXAS; Mostly cloudy, cooler In1 north and nest portion* Sunday. Monday partly cloudy (lentic to modernte »»tiili-erl\ wind* on the oo;v*t.
OKLAHOMA: Tartlv cloudy, colder Sundae. Mondos aenrrnllv (air.
MAI MEXICO: Generally fair Sunday and Monday, aomcyyhat colder Sunday.
Knnsc of temperature yesterday:
A. M. HOI R V. M.
SB ............. I ............. Kl
ft!) ............. I ............. TI
SS ............. S ............. TS
S7 ............. 4 ............. Id
SS ............. ft ............. Kl
ft« ............. ti ............. I!
sn ............. 7 ............. aa
Sd ............. « ............. d«
os ............. » ............. as
ut ............. lo .............
tit ........... ii .............
Noon ... fin Midnight ...... ab
lllgh-st and lowest temperatures to B p. rn. yesterday. 7d-ftfi; same date a year ago, 77-4J.
Sunset yesterday, ald; gtuulM today 1:39; sunset today, Sill.
TOT RETRIEVED FROM LIFETIME CONFINEMENT IN DARKNESS
—..... ~ < t_ rtrwon *____ icicMiuu smell in a00ut
what line of action he intend* to *** for con" four months wiped out the gains Another funeral service will be
follnu. St ruction of a bui’ding. ... 4_ at«hM.iHIU af rho First
Chamber of commerce banquet will be held February 15.
HAMLIN — Annual membership banquet of the Hamlin chamber of commerce will be held Friday night.
UNIONTOWN, Pa , Feb. 5.—(A*)— Emaciated Rnd crippled, five-year-old Alice Harris responded slowly tonight to the gentle treatment of attendants at the county home where she was taken from a dark storage room of an old farm house —her home, humane agents charged, since infancy.
The tot s only semblance to normal expression was a lusty wail when given a tub bath.
In the clean, airy children’s ward, she benefitted from modern comforts but gave little other recognition to what was going on About her. *
in industrial production of three held in Stephenville at the Fast years, the board made no prediction Baptist church at 3 p. rn. Mon-about the future. I day.
“The child doesn't talk and seldom cries,” said E. M. Smith, of the Western Pennsylvania Humane Society.
He charged the child, suffering will pull from under-nourishment, had been months found cramped in a small chair in a second-floor room of the home of David Harris, about 17 miles from Uniontown.
“I tried to low’er her arm from its upright position, and the limb went right up again said Smith.
The child weighed 31 1-2 pounds.
Ail attending physician said the normal child pounds.
Dr. James E. Van Gilder said: I father of the little girl. whose
"This is a case of malnutrition due name was withheld., was also the
to lack of proper food and care. I father of her 7-year-old son. a ro-
I think with capable nursing she through in about six
Find Clothing Of Long Missing Texan
Boy Scout Week To Be Observed In Area; Five Banquets Slated, Monday To Friday
of her age weighs 52
Smith brought charges of negligence to a minor against Harris and his daughter. Martha. Both will receive a hearing Monday.
Smith quoted Harris as saying the child was illegitimate and had been kept in the room as a “sort of punishment” for his daughter s “second sin.”
■las Harris was quoted by the humane officers as saying the j ferin* from racket*.
bust lad. Neighbors described the elder Harris as charitable and of
good reputation grass of Meadow, Tex, as the pro-
The humane officer reported he 1
SWEETWATER. Feb. S, — -F— Clothing and other articles found by rabbit hunters near here today were identified by W. T. Pender-
found the child wedged into the chair, which was tilted backwards to rest on a coal bucket, her spindly arms tied above her head. She was unable to talk or move, he said.
Drs. J. f. Kerr and D F Newell said the child was under-nourished, that the bones in her legs were softened and twisted out of normal shape and that she was suf-
Boy Scout wek.
28th anniversary of scouting in the United States, starts today.
Thousands of scouts will attend church today to open the week officially.
Theme for the week set aside for observance of the youthful organization will be “Building A Stronger Generation." FYograms foilow’-lng the thoughts of physical safe-I ty, mental saftey, preparedness and moral safety will be used.
Fliday night Abilene scouts will Plans were made for a passe to gather at the First Methodist leave early tomorrow to search the church for a banquet. Theme of area where the articles were found. , the program will be the scout
perty of his brother, Jesse H. Pendergrass, missing since Nov. 21.
Pendergrass, relatives said, left j Oookaville, Tenn.. with a “fairly j large sum of money.” Finding of the clothing and handbag were the first clues since officers found the | missing man used a railroad ticket from Texarkana to Sweetwater.
celebrating the slogan, “Be Prepared.”
Other banquets in the Chisholm, Trail area will be held this week. Monday, President E S Cum-mining of the council is to speak at Haskell on a program directed by Dave Persons, district chairman. Superintendent C B. Breedlove, and Scoutmasters A. D. McClintock, and George V. Wimbish.
Tuesday, Thomas E. Hayden Jr. and Don Morris to speak at the Coleman banquet with District Chairman E. P. Scarborough, R. Floyd Price, the Rev. Robert F.
See BOY SCOUTS, Pf. 3, Col. 3