Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 5, 1954, Abilene, Texas
MILD^btl0tK 3^0floticr--JBtftHS' MOBNING
VOL. LXXIII, No. 234
'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIEhJDS OR FOES WE SKEFCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" — Byron
Aêiociated Pre$$ (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 5, 1954-TWENTY-TW'O PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c. SUNDAY lOc
A CHANGE IS MADE—Frank Massad, left, congratulates Roy Porter, right, on his installation Thursday night as president of the Colorado City Chamber of Commerce. Massad is the retiring president. (Staff Photo by David Barros)
Clairemont Man Killed in Crash
.ASPERMONT, Feb. 4. (RNS)~ One man was killed, another «lightly injured, and two others were unhurt in an accident involving an automobile, a truck, and a pick-up about 4:40 p.m. Thursday
U.S. Shuts Down Mexican Hirings
W.\SHINGTON, Feb. 4 liP^The Labor Department shut down its interim hiring program of Mexican farm workers today after a government ruling that it has no legal basis to continue it without approval by Congress.
The department also was run-Qing out of money to finance the program, a spokesman said.
69 Wetbacks Sent Back to Mexico
LAREDO, Feb. 4 (iP^Sixty-nine wetbacks, mostly first-entry cases, pleaded guilty today, got suspended sentences and were deported to Mexico by the immigration service.
Six others who had slipped aci'oss the Rio Grande illegally from Mexico were repeaters and received prison sentences of four to six months.
U. s. DEPARTMENT OP COMMERCE WEATHER Rl’REAV
ABILENE AND VICINITY — Continued fair and mild Friday and Saturday; high both day« 70-75; low Friday night 40-45.
AIjL TEXAS—Fair and mild through Saturday.
Gentle to moderate northerly winds on the coast.
hnr«. A. M.
.. 1:10 ,
44 . ...
.. 330 .
4J ...... ..
.. 6 30
. ....... 64
.. 7:30 ..
.. 8 .10 ..
.. 9 30 ..
.. 10 30 .,
.. 11:30 ..
. 12 30 .
High and low temperatures for 34-hours ending at 6:30 p. m.: 60 and 42.
High and low temperatures same date last year: 72 and 36.
Sunset last night 6:15 p. m.; Sunrise today 7:30 a. m.; Sunaet tonight 6:16 p m. Barometer reading at 0:30 p. m. 26 32 RelaUva humidity at 9:30 p. m. B2'^l>.
1.8 miles northwest of Aspermont on U. S. Highway 380.
Killed almost instantly was M. C. Robbins, 61, Clairemont realtor, whose 1950 Chevrolet collided with an H, O. Wooten Grocer Co. truck driven by Alvin Mueller of Stamford. Mueller was only slightly injured and was released from Aspermont Hospital.
A 1953 pick-up occupied by Bud Fleming of Aspermont and Tom Matthews of Peacock turned over in a ditch when Fleming, the driver, swerved to the right trying to avoid hitting the wrecked truck and automobile. They were not injured and the pick-up was only slightly damaged.
Warren W. Frazier, Stonewall County sheriff, who investigated the accident, quoted Mueller as saying he was headed south and Robbins was traveling north.
Frazier said Fleming and Matthews were about 50 yards behind Robbins when the accident occurred.
Robbins was carried to Aspermont Hospital, where he was pronounced dead upon arrival. The body was taken to Springer Funeral Home where arrangements will be announced.
Frazier said the grocery truck was heavily damaged in the front and that Robbins auto was a total wreck.
Robbins is survived by his wife and two children.
300 See New
COLORADO CITY, Feb. 4 (RNS) — Roy Porter was installed as pre-I sident of the Colorado City Cham-i ber of Commerce at its annual ban-’2 quet Thursday night, attended by V an estimated 300 persons.
Dr. E. N. Jones, president of Tex-^ as Technological College at Lub-^ bock, was principal speaker for the evening. He addressed the group on “The Inter-relatlonshlp of Busi-i ness and Education,”
Dr. Jones was accompanied I here by DeWitt Weaver, Texas I Tech coach, who showed a color film of the Tech-Auburn Gator Ip Bowl football game and of the team’s trip to Florida,
Porter succeeds Frank Massad as C-C president.
Other officers installed were vice-presidents, Jeff Taylor and Walter Rogers, replacing Gale Billings and John Harvey; secretary, J. A. Craddock to replace Kent Jennings. Joe Bell was re-elected treasurer.
New directors are J. A. Craddock, M. N. Caddell, H. I. Berman and Rogers.
Frank Craddock was re-named executive vice - president of the chamber.
Billings, area .superintendent here for Shell Pipeline Co., was master of ceremonies.
Entertainment was furnished by Mr, and Mrs. Bob Tiffany, accompanied by Mrs. Dub Wooten, all of Abilene.
The evening’s speaker was introduced by Charles C. Thompson, chairman of the Tech board of regents and president of the Colorado City National Bank.
Former State Sen. Pat BuUock of Colorado City, director of the West Texas Chamber of Commerce, was introduced to the ban-quet-goers here Thursday night.
Out-of-town visitors attended from Abilene, Snyder, Big Spring, Lubbock, Loraine, and Westbrook.
The banquet was held in the Colorado City Civic House.
Brownell Says Parr's Taxes Being Checked
Duval County Due Full Probe
ALICE, Feb. 4 (IP)—U.S. Atty. Gen. Brownell said today the Treasury Department is investigating income tax returns of George Parr and a few others in Duval County of South Texas. ^
Texas Atty. Gen. Ben Shepperd asked federal officials to send more investigators to Duval to probe income tax and other matters.
Shepperd said he had talked to the Justice Department as the legal arm of the federal government, rather tnan directly with the Treasury and Post Office departments.
Brownell said that he recently had discussed the case with Gov. Shivers of Texas, but that no investigation is under way by the Justice Department. If any federal law violation were found the Justice Department would prosecute.
Shepperd said he had asked that six more special agents be sent to probe income tax and other matters, need more people ‘
2 States Demand Right to Sue Texas Over Tideiands Act
WASHINGTON. Feb. Law
yers for five states clashed before the Supreme Court today on whether Congress violated the constitution in ceding oil-rich submerged lands to Coastal states.
After two hours of argument, the court took under consideration
a request by Alabama and Rhode I on President Eisenhower’s farm
POLIO MERCY MISSION—Air Force personnel unload an iron lung containing a criti-cally-ill baby who was flown to Hendrick Memorial Hospital Thursday afternoon from Midland. The child, Robert L. King, 18-months-old son of Mr. and Mrs. John King, Jr., Midland, became ill with bulbar polio Sunday morning. (Staff Photo)
Democrats Blast Farm Plan; Benson Says 'Dip' 1$ Behind
WASHINGTON, Democrats opened
Feb. 4 (iPS— a heavy attack
New Auto Togs Go On Sole Here Today
The 1954 motor vehicle license plates will be on sale Friday.
Deadline for payment is March 31.
Petree urged car owners to get their plates early to avoid the rush toward the end of the Issuing period.
Tlie new plates have yellow numerals and letters on a black background, Petree estimated that 24,000 motor vehicles in all categories will be registered and plates issued by the end of the issuance period.
SECTION A Wome«'i newt ...... 4
Oil ____ 6, 7
Sporti ............... 2, 3
Editorials ......... 4
Comics .......... 5
Classified edt ......... 6, 7
Form & Markets......... 9
Radio * TV ........... 10
Island to file suits challenging the submerged lands act. The 1953 act grants coastal states rights to areas off their shores.
Alabama and Rhode Island are seeking the right to sue Texas, California. Louisiana and Florida— the states expected to benefit most from the 1953 act-and also to sue federal officials who administered impounded oil funds.
Grand Jury Probe Due to End Today
COLORADO CITY. Feb. 4.— (RNS) — After three full days of deliberation, the 32d District Court grand jury was expected to report its findings Friday in the investigation of the automobile chase and gun battle here Jan. 16.
David Leach. 27, of Colorado City, has been charged with assault with intent to murder. This charge has been under invesUga-tion all week. Leach, accompanied by ex-Police Chief Dick Hickman and Tom Keeling, both of Colorado City, overturned Hickman's car and later shot it out with Colorado City Police Sgt. Henry Yeager, who had been giving chase.
program today even as Secretar>' of Agriculture Benson declared'that the long dip in farm income is ‘largely behind us.”
Testifying before the Senate-House Economic Committee, Benson took issue with the “pessimistic view’’ that the 17 per cent drop in farm prices over the last three years is the harbinger of ‘a general depression.” .
“The latest price report of the department showed a widespread improvement, averaging 4 per cent from mid-November to mid-January,” Benson said.
Close to 1953 “For 1954, we believe that agricultural prices and agricultural incomes will he maintained fairly close to those of 1953.”
Benson waged virtually a lone battle as he urged the lawmakers to approve what he called the administration’s ‘‘middle-of-road” farm policies.
While Democrats peppered Benson with critical barbs. Republican members of the joint committee remained silent for the most part and let him conduct his own defense.
Sen. Sparkman (D-Ala) blasted away particularly at the administration’s proposal to shift from the present mandatory farm price supports to a “flexible” system, de-
claring it might trigger an economic shock to the nation’s farmers.
Sees Gradual Shift “Any shock to agriculture at this time would be a stimulus to recession,” Sparkman said.
Benson replied that the shift would be gradual, not more than 5 per cent a year, so there would be no shock.
“A 5 per cent shock only,” Sparkman said dryly.
Rep. Bolling (D-Mo) sharply criticized a section of Eisenhower’s economic report to Congress
which said that rural poverty could be reduced by "the growing opportunities for non-farm employment.”
Bolling said the administration apparently meant that marginal farmers “should get out of farming and do something else.” Protesting, Benson told the Missouri Democrat:
“We’re not advocating the plowing under of every fourth farmer.” Benson said the administration is giving ’special consideration” to the problems of the «mall farmer.
Russia Turns Down West'sGerman Plan
BERLIN, Feb. 4 (iP—The Soviet provisional all - German govern-
BERIA PAL STUNS BOSSES
Spy May Have Wrecked Reds' Plan for Japan
While Rastovorov reportedly was baring Russia’s top secrets in the Far East to U. S. custodians on tege of the executed Lavrenti Ber-; Okinawa, the Russian mission in
TOKYO, Friday, Feb. 5 m~The defection to the United States of Russia’s top spy in Japan, a pro-
ia. appeared today to have dealt a major blow to Russia’s espionage •etup here.
“This is a great victory that may be decisive in Japan,” an American source said. “It is the Intelligence equivalent of a Midway or a Normandy (momentous battles of World War ID.”
“The Japanese government and the Russians themselves would be surprised if they knew what this Army Intelligence unit has on the whole Communist conspiracy in Japan ”
’The «tunned Russian mission, which at first refused to believe Yuri A. Rastovorov had switched sides and charged U. S. agents kidnaped him, quit talking about the case.
Telephone callers who inquired about Rastovorov heard only the «lick of the receiver as It was replaced.
Tokyo faced a grave crisis.
Not only was its top spy gone but no one could come in to take his place. Japan does not recognize the mission because Russia refused to sign the Japanese peace treaty.
Allowed to Stay
Its members were allow-ed to stay on after the occupation ende<l but anyone departing could not come back and no new members were allowed to enter.
The mission has notified the Japanese government that seven members are leaving soon for Moscow', cutting down the total left to 24. Rastovorov Is reported to have thrown a new light on these seven by saying two had shown leanings toward America and were ordered home under guard of the other five.
Since Rastovorov likely has spelled out the indiyidual roles of
the remaining 24, a drastic shake-up would be in order under circumstances other than those confronting the mission.
Didn’t Waste Time It w'as disclosed yesterday that Rastovorov, a former personal courier of Beria, made his first contact with shadowing U. S. Army agents last Dec. 23. That was the day Moscow reported the execution of Beria, former boss of Russia’s secret police.
Rastovorov wanted to change sides right then, but the U.S. Army was cautious.
Sources say Rastovorov asked and obtained American protective custody Jan. 24 after being ordered back to Moscow under circumstances which convinced him he too would face a firing squad.
The order reportedly was brought in by a Russian who came here last month with a Soviet speed skating team which won the world’s championship at Sapporo, northern Japan.
Sources said the good looking Rastovorov had developed a “weakness for Americans” and the “American wa>” through frequent associations in Tokyo and that Beria's execution spurred his decision.
“He apparently associated with Americans so much that, as an intelligent man, he could not believe all the Communist lies he had been educated on,” the American informant said. “He became convinced that communism itself was a fraud.”
The source identified Rastovorov as directed* of an intelligence network that checked on U. S. mili-tar.v movements in Japan, pene-fated the Japanese government i free.
Union brusquely rejected tonight the West’s plan for German unification in freedom and demanded unconditional acceptance of a "neutralized” Germany in a Communist grip.
Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov virtually dug the grave of the Big Four conference with a totally unacceptable five-point Kremlin plan for “solving” the German question.
U. S. Secretary of State Dulles denounced the Russian terms— which included withdrawal of all foreign troops before a Communist-devised German governmental election—as exposing all Western Europe to Soviet armies which would retain a Polish frontier springboard 50 miles east of Berlin.
Would End Defense
Said Dulles: “The Molotov plan would end any defense of West Germany. If Germany w'ere thus exposed we must recognize that the whole of Western Europe would similarly be exposed."
French Foreign Minister Bidault failed to budge Molotov’s re.slst-ance to a free German election with a plea that the conference quit arguing and get down to work. Tonight Bidault sadly expressed doubt that the Big Four “can even move along the path of conciliation.”
British Foreign Secretary Eden, author of the West’s unity plan listened to a fiery rebuff by Molotov which ran two hours with the English and French translations.,
Then Eden noted that the Russian had turned down the Western plan apparently for two reasons;
1, Because man sometimes was evil, he therefore should not be
ment with these stark words;
"We must not close our eyes to the fact that in Germany Hitler has his followers.
‘*We cannot allow the Fascist monster, with the help of parliamentary procedures, again to take up a ruling position in a united Germany.”
“We need more down there before the courthouse burns down,” Shepperd was quoted as saying.
Another probe in Duval County by the Duval county grand jury continued today, with two viitnes-ses called.
The 79th District judge. Woodrow Laughlin, ordered the Duval County grand jury to find out from everybody, including Shepperd, what they know about law violations In Duval County,
Have Been Looking Shepperd had said state agencies for more than a year had been looking into use of state school, public welfare and highway funds in the county.
Asst. Atty. Gen. Willis Gresham said yesterday about 105 vouchers totaling $67,464 had been issued to apparenUy fictitious persons in Duval County.
Laughlin’s charge to the grand Jury for a full Inquiry Into Duval affairs and those of the Benavides School District followed a promise by Gov. Shivers yesterday that he was going to “clean up the mess in Duval County.”
Brownell was asked today If he had discussed the Parr case recently with Shivers.
“Yes, I believe I did,” Brownell said.
He was asked if a federal investigation of Parr haa been in progress, had been stopped, and then resumed again after he and Shivers conferred.
Nothing Pending That, he said, was the situation. “There is nothing pending here — that is at the Justice Department” against Parr, Brownell said.
Parr was once convicted and served some Ume in prison for income tax violation. President Truman pardoned him.
He Is free on $1,500 bond on a charge of carrying a pistol illegally near a meeting of his political opposition Jan. 16.
The Duval County grand jury questioned Diego Heras. a former county school district official, last night. It called Jack Donahue. Houston Press reporter who had been writing on Duval politics, today.
“There have been a lot of accusations made,” L a u g h 1 i n’s charge said. “The court feels that you should investigate these accusations and give these people so free with their language as to Duval County the opptirtunlty to present evidence to you for consideration.” Shivers, in Corpus Chrlstl. said a “real case” had been made by
RANGERS' TRIAL PROBABLY WON'T BE HELD SOON
AUCE, Feb. 4. W’l — Judge Woodrow Laughlin and DisU Atty. Raeburn Norris said today the trial of two Texas Rangers on assault to murder charges probably won’t coma up right away, unless the Rangers demand an early hearing.
Capt. Alfred Allee and Jo# Bridge were indicted by a Jim Wells County grand jury yesterday on a charge of assault with Intent to murder George Parr, South Texas political leader.
Laughlin said his docket was “very full” until March 1, when a new term begins.
The Rangers are free on $2,-000 bond each. Their boss. Homer Garrison, said they would stay on duty in this area.
GOP Unable To Oblain Bricker Vote
s.. BROWNELL, Pg. S-A, Col. 3
3-Cent Letter Takes First Step to Grove
WASHINGTON, Feb. 4 i^-The administration won the first round in its fight for higher postal rates today when the House Post Office Committee agreed to ral^e the cost of mailing first class letters from i an three to four cents.
The action may be reversed, however, when the committee completes its study of second and third class rates and then votes a bill to raise all three. This
WASHINGTON. Feb. 4 (i!’»—Republican leadera in the Senate were unable to obtain a vote on any phase of the Bricker amendment today, as the chamber rounded out its seventh day of debate on the disputed proposal to check the President’s treaty-making powers.
With a final showdown apparently postponed for 10 days or so. Sen. Ferguson (R-Michi said he would like a vote on one change he and other GOP leaders want in the constitutional amendment proposed by Sen. Bricker (R-Ohio).
But when Sen. Morse (Ind-Ore) objected the preliminary vote was blocked. Later It was reported the senators reached an informal agreement not to take any test votes tonight. The Senate then recessed until tomorrow.
The first section of Bricker*« amendment provides that any part of a treaty in conflict with the Constitution shall be of no force or effect. Ferguson, chairman of the (X)P Policy Committee, asked for a vote on an amendment that would make this applicable to executive agreements made by the President as well.
As the debate resumed. Bricker told the Senate the three amendments offered to his proposals by the GOP leadership will have important effects.
Among other things, he said, they will “prevent any delegatioo of executive, legislative or judicial power of the United States to the United Nations or to any other ! international organization” and
along the line be raised to help _ overcome an operating ^ficlt p-; ‘p “world“ governmenfb;
pected to total about 500 million dollars this fiscal year ending June 30, had estimated the yield from increase In first class rates
at 150 million.
More Revenue Summerfield had figured that increases in all three classes would bring in 240 million dollars a year in added revenues, but the new may come tomorrow or Saturday, i estimates raised this figure to A four cent rate would apply i $255,760,000.
up to high level and wormed its way into the Japanese labor movement.
Until the fall of Beria. Rastovor-ov •ppeai'ed to be headed for a bright future in the MVD, the Soviet secret police, the Informant reported.
2 Because parliamentary institutions sometimes were abused by totalitàrians, they therefore were bad.
“I cannot accept either premise,” Eden declared.
Molotov put his case for imposing 50 per cent Communists in e
only to out of town mail. Letters mailed for local carrier delivery within a city would still take a three cent stamp, and the two cent rate for “drop letter«”—letters for delivery in the same office in which they are mailed, would remain unchanged.
The big bulk of first class maU. ---------
however, is “non-local.” | ^ A U V* a.L.
Rep. Gross (R-Iowa), who op-1 ISOngS TOUrtl
posed the incresse to four cents, told newsmen “I deubt it will go through the House.” He added:
“This is just another tax, and the House won’t vote new taxes.”
Revised figures laid before the House group indicated the increase In the out of town letter mail rate would bring In an estimated 1S9 million dollars more a year.
Postmaster General Summerfield, who urged that rates all
The committee action, taken in closed session, was reported to' have been by a vote of 13-9.
Many lawmakers have expressed opposition to Increasing postal rates in an election year, and the bill faces stormy weather If It ever! gets out of the House Committee.'
HOUSTON, Feb 4 if» — Bobby Nichols. 16, 4-H Club boy from Bangs, won a $2,000 scholarship tonight to Texas A6tM.
He prevailed at the Houston Fat-Stock Show for the most outstanding record among the t<H> 10 youths wtio won beef scramble calves at the Houston show. Scholastic records count heavilF*
treaty or executive agreement.” Earlier in the day, Bricker introduced a modified version of hti amendment, declaring he was making an important concession to the Eisenhower administration.
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Weekdoy deodlirte for Wont Ads is 4 P. M. Pioce Wont Ad Scfore rioon Saturday for Sunday publication. Spoce ods must be received by iTOon Friday for Sunday publication.