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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 4, 1954, Abilene, Texas , v'-' FAIR Mme 3^cporter^ "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" — Byron MDHNING VOL. LXXIII, No. 233Prem fAP)    ABILENErTEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 4, 1954 —TWENTY PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY Sc, SUNDAY lOe Humphrey Defends Tax Plan WASHINGTON, Feb. 3 'JPU-Sec-retary of the Treasury Humphrey struck back tonight at those who have attacked the administration’s tax program as benefittlng business rather than individual taxpayers. He said each will share equally in tax gains. The secretary said a financial accounting of the program had just been completed and that “strictly relief provisions for individuals will be about 600 million dollars. All other tax benefits . . . add up to an additional 600 million dollars.” Humphrey said that if all of President Eisenhower’s tax revision program is adopted — and scheduled tax cuts are postponed— the govemment would lose Ua billion dollars in revenue. The Trea.sury secretary made this statement in a transcribed radio interview (NBC’s "Report From The White House”) after William McChesney Martin Jr.. chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, had been subjected to new Democratic fire on the tax program. Urges Business Tax Cut Martin, appearing before the Senate-House Economic Committee one day after Humphrey testified, said business tax cuts would do more to remedy the current dip in the nation’s economy than a further reduction in individual income taxes. Sen. Fulbright (D-Ark) led the attack on the program, contending that business and not private taxpayers would be the big beneficiaries from the Elsenhower tax program. Humphrey said this was not so. He told the radio audience: “The whole purpose of the tax revision program is to help the economy grow and expand and so benefit every citizen by creating more jobs, higher payrolls, and better, cheaper things for everyone.” Bigger Deductions Asked The Eisenhower tax revision program calls for such things as: Bigger deductions for medical expenses; a new deduction for child care expenses of woïkin^^ widows and widowers; cuts in taxes on income from dividends; more liberal Immediate allowances for business depreciation; easier treatment of retained earnings of business enterprises; and tax deductions for soil conservation toy farmers. Elsenhower opposes any new, general cuts at this time in individual Income levies. The President also seeks an extension of the 52 per cent corporation tax, due to fall to 47 per cent April 1 under existing law. Noting that individual income taxes were reduced an average of 10 per cent Jan. 1 — under a law adopted several years ago—Humphrey said: "Taking the whole thing together. Including the tax cuts on Jan. 1 together with the benefits to be received under the new tax revision program, strictly individual relief will be about three-fourths, and one-fourth of the relief will be to stimulate business.” Spring Weather To Remain Here Abilenian* basked In perfect Chamber of Commerce w'eather Wednesday. The afternoon temperature reached a toasty 73. And the U. S. Weather Bureau observer at Municipal Airport says that Thursday and Friday will be more of the same. Temperatures should peak at about 75 for both days. The low for Thursday night is «xpected to be about 45 degrees. Most of Texas had balmy weath-er Wednesday. Skies were mostly clear, temperatures were mild and winds light. No rain was reported. OUTLINES CONTROL — Joseph M. Mehl, administrator of the Commodity Exchange Authority, testifies in Washington at a Senate Agriculture Committee hearing on the coffee price situation. Mehl said his agency could control “unwarranted” spurts in coffee prices if Congress provides the authority. Senate Group Asks U.S. Run Coffee halting WASHINGTON, Feb. 3 (J>)—The Senate Agriculture Committee recommended today that the government supervise trading and speculation in coffee. It voted unanimously to put coffee under the same market controls which now' apply to corn, wheat, cotton, fats and oils and many other commodities. The action, which is subject to approval by Senate and House, is designed to limit increases in coffee prices to tne extent that they are caused    by    speculaUon.    But brokers, contending that a coffee shortage rather    than    speculation has caused    the    price    jump,    told the committee yesterday that such curbs might lower the supply and lead to still higher prices. The committee acted while two other groups went ahead with investigations    to    learn    w'hat    has pushed retail coffee prices above $1 a pound. Hearings to Be Public A Senate Banking subcommittee already has ordered public hearings to start next Monday. The Federal Trade Commission, with President Eisenhower’s blessing, has sent its investigators to New York to check into the situation. Eisenhower, wno announced the FTC probe a week ago. told his news conference today he is most interested in getting the price of coffee reduced. Like most soldiers, he said, he is a great lover of the beverage. To a nation of coffee drinkers, the price of coffee is important, and many Congress members have been deluged by complaints from housewives and others against the recent sharp increase. Acted Promptly It was against that background that the Senate committee, after a day of hearings, acted promptly on a bill by Sen. Gillette (D-Iowa) which had been before it a long time. The bill would put trading m coffee for future delivery under supervision of the Agriculture Department’s Commodity ^Exchange Authority. TRAGEDY AT RIVER 315 Pilgrims Die As Bridge Falls ALLAHABAD. India. Feb. 3 <41— undreds of Hindus were crushed I death today in a stampede of iree million frenzied pilgrims into aly river waters to wash their ns away. Officials said a first aunt showed 315 dead but the toll lay reach 1,000. The tragedy occurred at tlie inction here of the Ganges and Limna Rivers where the bathers ad gathered for the great Kumbh [ela Festival — one of the holiest I the Hindu religion. Prime Minister Nehru and Presi-ent Rajendra Prasad, who cr.me >r the ceremonies, remained to ipervise the grim task of caring >r the dead and injured. Hospitals treated at least 1,000 ersons injured in varying degree, tie estimate of the injured was et at 3.000. But harried officials lid the exact toll may never be nown. Bodiat Float Away Many bodies floated away in the raters. A pontoon bridge collapsed t the height of the stampedfe. ending bodies plunging into the Iver. Relatives claimed bodies for rivate cremationa in accord with ilndu religious practice before au-lorltles could even atart making Milling elephanta added to the •rror at the aceat- Thw been ridden to the river by naked Sad-hus—holy men. According to Hindu religious lore the mythical Saraswati River also joins with the Ganges and Jumna at Allahabad, a city of about 260.- 000 normal population 350 miles southeast of New- Delhi. Ilie Kumbh Mela occurs only once every 12 years. But religious emotion ran especially high at today’s observance because Hindu astrologers had proclaimed it Mau-ni Amavasya — new moon eclipse day. This is only a mythical eclipse, but in the eyes of the Hindu religious it nffords a precise moment for a spiritual cleansing which occurs only once In many generations. After a night in a cold drizzle, the piigrims watched a procession of 2.000 naked Sadhus and their leaders, astride elephants, march to the river. Under Hindu religion they were entitled to be first to plunge into the waters. But the millions waiting grew increasingly nervous. A few pushed ahead to reach the waters at the time of the prescribed mythological eclipse—and the push was on. The Sadhus sought to protect themselves with thrusts of the long steel and wooden staffs they use In the jungles against wild beasts. Police swung clubs to break up 1 ihe soUd waU of pressing humani^. Rangers Indicted on Charge Of Attempting to Kill Parr Shivers Says Duval County To Be (leaned SAN ANTONIO. Feb. 3 (41—Gov. Shivers threatened today to declare martial law or send "5 or 50 Rangers” to crush what he called ballot gangsters in Duval County. The governor spoke out in the midst of disclosures that several state and federal agencies are digging into the use of public funds in Duval. Shivers has long been at odds with George Parr, known as the “Duke of Duval”—political leader commonly credited with great power in half a dozen South Texas counties. Parr has asserted the investigation was news to him. No Room for Thieve* Shivers told a Federated Women’s Club luncheon today that Texas has no room “for political thieves and ballot gangsters.” He promised to “clean up the mess in Duval County.” “We’ll send 5 or 50 Rangers, or call out martial law if necessary to break up the situation in Duval County.” the governor said. “When things blow up down there, they’ll blow higher than the Pendergast machine and his bunch blew.” The Pendergast Democrats operate in Kansas City, At Austin earlier. Shivers said all state and federal resources are being used to “stamp out’* the political trouble in Duval County. He predicted the job would be done in six months or a year. He called Duval “a cancerous growth on the good name of Texas.” Use of state school, public welfare and highway funds in Duval County has been under investigation for a year, Atty. Gen. Ben Shepperd has said. 24 Vouchers Issued An assistant to Shepperd said “about 105” voucher.*, apparently had been issued to fictitious persons, totalling $67,464, Willis Gresham said the investigation has revealed 24 vouchers issued to persons who said they had not received nor performed services for which they were issued. That total was given as $2,883. Shivers told the Federated Club “the light of freedom has almost been snuffed out” in Duval County. “It is a county in which voles have been stolen, in which people are afraid to express a free choice on supposedly secret ballots,” the governor said. “Threats and even force have been a commonplace part of the political .skulduggery for which this particular county has gained a dubious sort of fame.” • Shivers said he hoped this year would be recorded in history as the first in a long time that Duval residents would be able to vote freely and according to their own consciences. Despite Obstacles “Just as there is no room for communism in Texas, there is no room for political thieves and ballot gangsters," the governor said. “About one year ago. I asked the attorney general’s office, the Texas Education Agency and the U. S. Bureau of Internal Revenue to begin investigating the financial affairs — the disposition of public money—in Duval County. "I am happy to report that, despite certain obstacles which have been thrown in the path of this Investigation, it has progressed satisfactorily. I believe it Is going to bear fruit. I sincerely hope that it will. I hope that it will be a big step toward stamping out the Cancerous growth that has marred the fair face of Texas for many years. “But regardless of the results that may come from this investigation. I intend to continue to do everything in my power to clean up the mess in Duval County.” Shepperd has not said what action might be taken, or when. He said both present and former countv officials were involved. Duval Countv is the scene now of another effort to break Parr’s power. It is beinlf tried bv a political group known as the Freedom party. Charges that pistol packing toughs have tried to intimidate people attending Freedom party meetings have termed “hogw'ash” by Parr. South Texas Boss Claims Surprise ALICE, Feb. 3 (i<P)—A Jim Wells County grand jury indict^ ed two Texas Rangers today on charges of assault with intent to murder George Parr in a scuffle with the South Texas political boss here Jan. 18. The indictments were against Capt. Alfred Allee and Ranger Joe Bridge, who are stationed at Carrizo Springs and Falfurrias, respectively. Allee laughed when told. “Pm not at all surprised,” he said. *T was expecting it all the time.” Allee and Bridge were at the courthouse when the grand jury reported. T^ey were in    ~    ~ the office of Sheriff Halsey the Supreme Court, aimed at re-Wright when they were told, moving him. EXPLOSION FOLLOWS JET CRASH — A spectacular, brilliant explosion, right, followed the crash in Grand Prairie, of an F-80 Air National Guard plane into the Lone Star Boat Works, setting the boat works on fire. The explosion in the picture was believed caused by extreme heating of light metal parts of the plane. Two persons were killed, but the pilot, Capt. James Smith, ejected himself as the plane hit and survived. Both persons killed were working the yard of the boat works. The tail of the plane can be seen, center, and stacked in the background at left are boats. Smoke almost obscured rescue workers seeking a reported body under the plane.__________________ Jolts West With Vote Proposal BERLIN, Feb. 3 uB—Soviet Russia jarred the Big Four conference today with a surprise proposal for a plebi.sciie offering all Germans this choice: alliance with the West or an early peace treaty Imposing neutralization. French Foreign Minister Bidault, as the day’s chairman, led the Allies in brushing aside the newest Kremlin scheme as a time-kiiling propaganda maneuver. Taking the floor for an hour’s denunciation of the European Defense Community (EDO in which West Germany would contribute SCHOOL FUND PROBE REPORTED SAN DIEGO, Feb. S. UPi — The Duval County grand Jury was believed investigating tonight the use of public school funds. The panel w’ent into session at 2 p.m. Among witnesses subpoe-naded were Diego Heras, former acting secretary of the Benavides Independent School District, and Jack Donahue, assistant city editor of the Houston Press. A series of articles by Donahue on Duval County started Monday. (-City Grand Jury Probe To End Today COLORADO CITY, Feb. 3. (RNS) — The 32nd District Grand jury at Colorado City prepared to go into its third day of deliberation on the David Leach case after hearing a parade of 11 witnesses Wednesday. The incident under Investigation occurred on Jan. 16 about 3:S0 a. m. and involved a chase at 85 miles an hour, an auto wreck and a gun battle. Leach, who was accompanied by Dick Hickman and Tom Keeling of Colorado City, overturned the Hickman car while trying to evade Colorado City officers. Leach and Sgt. Henry Yeager of the local police force “shot It out.” and Leach escaped wounded, into the darkness. Leach, who Is charged with theft in Glasscock and Howard Counties and forgery in Howard, was later arre.sted by Yeager, Ranger John Wood and Police Chief Sam Hulme in the home of a Negro about two blocks from the heart of the city. He was charged with assault with intent to murder and is being held in the Mitchell County jail. Wednesday witnesses included Hickman, Keeling. Bob McGuire, John Plummer, W. L, Claxton, the latter three Mitchell County deputy sheriffs, Mose Allen, constable. Joe Boatright, Doyle Klker, Juanita Schaffer, Mollie Washington and David Leach. District Attorney Eldon Mahon said that he “looked for the investigation to be concluded Thursday.” troops, Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov closed with this challenge: “Should ont not propose to hold a peoples' plebiscite throughout Germany in order to determine on whose side the German people stand: on the side of the Bonn and Paris treaties (the European army and the West German peace contract) or on the side of the peace treaty? Get Clear Answer “Then w-e would have a clear answer to the question of who is the true representative of the feelings of the German people in our time.” Bidault, a staunch defender of the European army at the Berlin conference, immediately attacked the plebiscite as something that would be “forced” on Germany’s 68 million people. He told Molotov that the Eden plan, by which the West envisages Germany uniting by free election and making its own decision afterward on alliances, fulfilled any worthwhile object that the Russian might have in mind. All the propaganda power of the Communist East German government was unleashed tonight to blazon the “Molotov plebiscite” throughout Germany. Red Premier Otto Grotewohl, nearly thrown out of office last June- by anti-Communist workers in revolt, broadcast over Radio Berlin: “An immediate democratic plebiscite must be carried out in the whole of Germany in complete equality and freedom. The people themselves must decide whether they wish to live under this dishonorable and war - hazardous treaty (EDO or wish a peace treaty and restored unity.” The Communist press splashed the plebiscite proposal across front pages. Just a Sideshow A British delegation spokesman dismissed the "Molotov plebiscite” tonight as a ridicujous sideshow designed by the Russian to hide his refusal to let Germans choose their own leaders in freedom with a mission of concluding a peace. Molotov demands a 50-50 voice for the Communists in a provisional all-German government as the first step toward unity. The East zone has about 18 million of Germany’s 68 million. American delegation officials regarded the plebiscite issue as not worth comment at their press briefing after today’s session. Parr, at his hometown of nearby San Diego, said: “It is a complete surprise to me. I didn’t have anything against them and I still don’t.” Enforced the Law Allee said later that although he expected it, “I'm surprl.sed that anv grand jury would return an indictment against an officer for enforcing the law.” The indictment said Allee and Bridge “did then and there unlawfully, with malice aforethought, make an assault in and upon George Parr with Intent then and there to murder the said George Parr.” Parr was in nearby San Diego, Duval County, his home, and could not be reached Immediately. Parr’s ear was bloodied in the scufRe at the courthouse in Aliw when he appeared for a hearing on a charge that he was Illegally carrying a gun. Jumped into Fracas A witness, Mrs. Caro Brown, an Alice Echo reporter, said Bridge cuffed Sheriff Archer Parr of Duval County, a nephew of George Parr, across the face. Mrs. Brown said George Parr jumped into the fracas. Parr said Allee stepped hack with a pistol. “He w'as going to kill me, Parr said later.    ^    ^ Bridge had nothing to say about the Indictment. He was calm. Both Rangers were placed under $2,000 bond. They conferred with their attorney. Jacob Floyd Sr. Roth Rangers are as rough as the dry. South Texas mesqulte country where they serve. Allee is stocky, powerfully built. Bridge is tall, lean, leathery. At one point in the grand jury probe on Jan. 23, Allee was threatened W'lth jail if he didn’t order Bridge to take off his gun before appearing before the panel. Allee reluctantly agreed. He said he did so “only upon the advfce of my coun.sel.” He .said he thought the “whole thing” (the grand jury questioning) was for “spite and prejudice” and said he thought the district attorney had “orders.” Ranger Man's Slayer to Die AUSTIN, Feb. 3.    —    Death sentence assessed against a Dallat man in the insurance slaying of a Rang«:T finance company collector was upheld Wednesday by the Court of Crimlual Appeals here. Donald Hawkins Brown ol Dal-lai must die for the fatal shooting of Edwin Joe Campbell, who haf called at Brown’s home to collect installment payments Dec. 31, 1952. Campbell'a body, with three bullets In his head, was found iMter They made bond. Sureties were ing automobile, listed as J. L. Carlisle Sr., father of the district clerk and vice presi dent of the Alice Bank and Trust Co.. and B. R. Goldatt. also a vice president of the Alice bank and trust.    .    .    . The Indictments were handed them by Judge Woodrow Laughlln, who is In the midst of a fight In Rangers fo Stay, Garrison Says AUSTIN, Feb. S (^Horner Garrison Jr. said today two Rangers assigned to maintain law and order in Duval County wUl remain in South Texas despite their indictment «on charges of assault with intent to murder George Parr. Garrison, state director of public safety, said he had only one comment to make with reference to the indictmenU: "They (Rangers Capt. Alfred AUee and Joe Bridge) were sent down there to preserve the peace and to protect life and property Voting Strength May Be Aiiove fS,000 aose to 11,000 poll taxes and 3,000 exemptions wUl make the voting strength of Taylor County above 15,000 during this year’s general elections. County 'Tax Asses-sor-CoUector Raymond Petree said Wednesday. Final tabulation of the mailed applications is expected Thursday, Petree said. Through Wednesday, 10,613 poll taxes had been tabulated, and Petree estimated there were 300 remaining to be processed. Persons 61 and over who live inside the Abilene city limits aro required to have an exemption certificate to vote. However, hundreds of persons elsewhere in the county sre eligible to vote without possession of an exemption. This could swell the voting potential in and to protect re ana proprrjy    ^    ^ and to enforce all Isws. They remain there. Period.    j    _J_'------------------- Eisenhower Urges Americans Be Calm About Atomic Era Sypplicr of Coffa« Hates That Confrocf NEWS INDEX SICTION A SiCTiON I Oil News Sport« fdiforioi« ...... Comic« ...    .    .. Clo««ifio4 A4« . . Ro4to & TV . Fora li Merkels .. 1 . . 4 a. 3 . . 4 . S 4. 7 . . • .. f WASHINGTON. Feb. 3 (^President Eisenhower \oday deplored any spreading of hysterical fear in the world, and urged Americans to take a calm attitude toward atomic age problems. Such an attitude, the President said, was probably what Secretary of Defense Wilson had In mind in expressing a wish yesterday that “we could quit rattling the atomic bomb.” Asked at a news conference how air power and new weapons could be a deterrent to war “if the enemy gets the Idea that we will not use them,” Eisenhower remarked softly that he had spent some lltUe time at war and he didn’t think that big and bombastic talk Is the thing that makes other people afraid. He said he thought a calm, steady course begins to make the enemy tremble and wonder what you are going to do. In the battles of Europe, the former five-star general said, he couldn’t recall issuing a single precampaign statement that we are big and strong and mighty and tough and are going to beat some-bodv’s brains out. Wearing a double-breasted brown white shirt and brown figured   Elsenhower hurried into the conference five minutes late with an apology for tardiness. Then a 24-minute quertlcn and answer exchange ranged over these topics: 1. Brifkpy AmendmeiU lo Limtt suit tie Treaty-Making Powers—The chief executive repeated he was billing to change the Constitution to still honest fears that the treaty power can be used to contravene or supersede the Constitution. But he said he won’t compromise one single word when it comes to changing the tradiUonal balance of power among the legislative, judicial and executive branches of government. 2. Butter—it can’t be priced out of the market and still get used, the President said. He repeated that something has to be done. 3. Recession—Eisenliower said he supposed that we have receded from something because not everything is at a peak today. The way he put it. we are going through a readjustment that always follows an emergency. In such a situation, he said, you have to move as intelligently as you can, remembering that the prosperity of the country lies In the prosperity of its masses, and not in that of a few corporations. •To a reporter’s remark that several Republicans have laid there is “something unethical, almost un-American” about using the w'ord recession, the President said this is a free country where you can use the words as you see fit. 4. Minimum Wage—Elsenhower said he still thinks a boost at this particular time would be of questionable wisdom, 5 Missing Russian — No detailed reports have reached him, INDIANAPOLIS. Feb. 3 (M-Gea-eral HospiUl la buying iU goffee for 82 cents a pound, and Its eup-piier is moaning. The hospital contracted in December with the Irvin Green Col- th, Pr..ld.nt ..ld,..n th. «h.r.- ?• ?>■ abouts of Yuri A. Rastovorov, member of a Russian mission in Japan who has dropped out of sight. He said he has no report whether Rastovorov is in American custody. 6. Indochina — There is some evidence. Eisenhuwer said, of a lack of the enthusiasm for freedom there that we would like to have. Confirming reports that the United States has air and other training and tehnlcal military mif-sions in Indochina, as in many countries. Eisenhower said they are not fighting units. 7. Security Risks — Several group« have been put to work, the President said, to determine whether any breakdown can be provided on 2.200 persons separated from the govemment as security risks. He said he didn’t know whether reporters might get a breakdown eventually but at least he will let them know the decision on that. 8. Beeson — He still thinks Albert C. Beeson, center of a Senate controversy, is a good man for the National Labor Relatlona Board. Sevmour Oilmon Dies SEYMOUR. Feb. S (fL-Bob Her mon, 51 wholesale distributor for Magnolia Oil Co. in several North Texas counties, died today after a heart attack. He had boon with Magnolia 80 ytara. about 10,000 poundi~at that price. It regretfully turned down Green’a request today for an adjustment to 98 cenU. Green said be needed 90 cents just to break even, hut the hospital board replied that he must carry out the contract term*. THE WEATHER FI WKATKXn    •    —— V. ». DEPASTMSNY OP COMMtSCS WlATHtS liCKKAV ABILKNB AKD V1CWÌ3W — Oim«ara*4 fair and mlW Thur*d«y «na Frtd«y. Hlfh bota day« a*«r W. Low ThisnOaf al#it “'mX^TBXAS — F«tr aad mtiá to modtrAto vmrtabto wtads m tba «OMt. TSMPxaATimaa Wod. « ■.    WtoL    *•■*. «4      l    a« ............ • 4» ............ 11« .      ri 4S ............ 3-.m  ....... 2 40 ............ 4 M  .......  tS 0 ......... . a s* ...........  « u ........... • » .........  • «•  ........ T    JO ...........  •• «• ............ 9 3» ............ If IS ............ t as ............ e so ............ w as .......... a ____________ U:» •i .    II » Hah aaá tow towuMrotiurw tar tOkWW «bdlos At Ota p m. ; ta «H 4t. 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