Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 3, 1944, Abilene, Texas
WAR BOND SCORE War Loan quota $3,245,000.00
Soles Monday 149,319.50
Sales this month 2,629,309.05
®he Abilene Reporter Setoff eve*™
rOL. LXIII, NO. 231
A TEXAS 2-U, NEWSPAPER
WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH VOI R WORLD I V.VCI EY AS I I GOES' -Biron
ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 3, 1944 -FOURTEEN PAGES Associated Pres* (AP)
United Pres* (U P.)
PRICE FIVE CENTS
OUT-FOXED BY THRUST AT MARSHALL BASTION, JAP PRISONERS SHED COCKINESS, FEAR DEFEAT IN WAR
By ALVA DOPKINS Associated Press War Correspondent
NAMUR ISLAND, Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshalls. Feb. 2.— (Delved)—i/Ti—United States Marines are mopping up on the last enemy resistance today on Roi and Namur islands, all but leveled by the heaviest naval bombardment in history that cleared the way for the invasion forces.
glassed graveyards of littered Japanese blown from pillboxes and heavily ?retaforced concrete blockhouses told the story of the heavy,
deliberate and accurate pounding from the sea.
There is plenty of evidence that the Japanese were com plctely surprised. They must have deluded themselves into believing that we didn't have the power or the heart to knife at the center of their Marshalls stronghold.
Reeling Japanese who survived I the inferno of shellfire had only I small arms to fire at the Marines from battered blockhouses as the I leathernecks landed shortly before
noon yesterday. Shore batteries had been blown sky high.
The Marines moved swiftly through the Nipponese but ran into spotty, sporadic resistance in the interior during the first day. The triple-runway Roi airstrip fell in tour hours. Mild opposition from snipers on Roi was quickly surprised. Harrassed remnants of the Japanese troops escaped over a causeway to join their forces on adjacent Namur
The Americans stormed nearly 200 yards across Namur on their first
blow, then methodically began blasting out the enemy, pillbox by pillbox the rest of the way across the little islahd.
I landed shortly after the as ult I waves yesterday noon on Namur.
I The Japanese defenses not only were knocked out but so were the I minds of those who had miraculously managed to live through the I bombing that sheared the tops off : cocoanut trees.
I The Japanese sniped from trees and ruins of pillboxes. Tile Ma-i lines picked off hundreds of them
j before nightfall the first day. After | dark, the enemy began infiltrating,
I but they were systematically thwar-j ted. The Marines took some prison* i ers, including crack naval guard | forces
The .laps cockiness was gone. They looked frightened. One trembling prisoner told an American officer that he and others on the island knew that the Japanese no longer had a chance to win the war.
All .buildings, on .Namur, were razed except .one .badly .battered
concrete structure Only the steel framework of hangars at Roi were left standing. Coral runways there were pocked with bomb craters as was Namur s cocoanut grove and ' beach area. Marines used the craters for foxholes until they had time to dig in.
The pier at Namur was left a mass I of debris. A giant steel crane at its encl was twisted like so much wire. Ammunition dumps were still ex-I ploding when I walked to the beach with two colonels.
Barracks once dotted Namur
and it was marked off b\ streets But they’re hard to find now. The maps given us to find our way around were outdated after the savage salvos from the navy's big guns the day before the Marines landed on Hoi and Na mur.
We could see the mushroom of white smoke rising sometimes as high as a thousand feet as ammunition and fuel tanks were hit. I Throughout the island, ammunition j continued to go up,, cit her set off by I Marines or by the Japanese them
Dead Japanese sent up a sickening odor and Marines besan moving to foxholes tai iller from th® bodies until the- could find th* time to bury them. Col. Hart sent I his men today to w ipe out the lasts i Japanese resistance and before nightfall expects the enemy to be cleaned out except for scattered snipers.
The one bit of life on Namur which seemed unconcerned was a chicken. It walked around serenely calm in the murderous crossfire.Japs Surprised; Defense Weak
invasion Is favorable' Press Told
•WASHINGTON, Feb. 3 — (AP) Reports thus far from the Marshall islands operations showr the central Pacific battle is “progressing favor-%)ly,” Undersecretary of War Patterson said today. •CASUALTIES LIGHT'
He told a news conference that the 4th Marine division and the "th army division have encountered maw resistance but casualties so •r have been •moderate."
The landings on Kwajalein and Roi were preceded by “heavy and accurate** naval and aerial gunfire which silenced shore batteries, provided cover for the invading forces. 9 troved or neutralized enemy airfields and swept the skies clear of enemy aircraft, Patterson said.
< aptiirr of the Marshalls. Patterson pointed out, will “widen the cracks in the outer ^dctensp ring’’ of the Japanese 5v"cmpire and these cracks may clear the way for advances on the Philippines or Tokyo Itself.
Nazis Flee I Polish Strongholds; Americans Battling Into
Marines Win Roi; Mop Up
Rv ihr Associated Press
Patterson noted that although the hulk of our naval force is now the area west of Hawaii, the •panes* fleet has not put in appearance and Is showing evidences of "timidity ” He said that as the advance westward continues the security of the western hemisphere w.ill br increased. The island de-
ARRESTED ON DRAFT EVASION CHARGES—Under arrest by the FBI on charges of draft evasion through use of drugs to induce temporary high blood pressure, these Washington, D. C., men walk to a U. S. Commissioner's office. In grouop are (left to right): Eugene Siravol (light coat); Everett M. “YVashic” Bratcher (dark hat, glasses), hotel orchestra leader: Thomas IM. Crane (hand on hat). Deputy Marshal
tn.M barrier for this hemisphere Thomas East (behind Bratcher) was one of the officers in
«„h“, ~Tdh.J,2?d mlleS charge of the group. (AP Wirephoto).
larther to the west, he said. * " r
Iexan Named as Farm Assistant
^WASHINGTON. Feb. 3 — T trover Bennett Hill. Texas cattleman from Amarillo, was nominated bv President Roosevelt today to be under*-secretary of agriculture, sue-
By the Associated Press
The old Polish cities of Rovno and Lutsk, 30 and 70 miles inside the 1939 frontier, have been evacuated, the German radio announced today as stunning blows were struck at the Nazis in Italy and by air.
Americans stormed the central Italian stronghold of Cassino frontally and from the rear, and the battle in the growing beachhead below Rome approached a decisive phase with German counterattacks increasing in number and vigor.
The renewed Rusian offensive inside old Poland has not yet been announced by Moscow. It came at
B. R. BLANKENSHIP
Blankenship Is C-C President
Giant Yank Armada Hits Wilhelmshaven
LONDON, Fob. 3.—UP)—In a great American assn unit on Nazi targets in Germany and occupied Europe. 1.100 Fortresses and fighters struck the U-boat center of Wilhelmshaven today and twin-engined Marauders with an RAF escort bombed military installations in northern France.
Although the weather was clear and crisp when the heavy armada left British bases, the “Forts" ploughed through heavy overcast at the climax of their 700-mile roundtrip \ ---*
Vet Quartet to Baird, Albany
B Roscoe Blankenship today was elected president of the Abilene a time when Russian armies in the ; chamber of commerce for the com-
north had swept up 40 villages on | year.
the approaches of ancient Narva R- B Leach was named vice pres-
LONDON, Feb. 3— —In a triumphant order of the dav, Marshal Stalin announced today the joining of the First and Second Ukrainian fronts, trapping IO German divisions, with the capture of Smrla, rail center In the Dnieper bend.
in Estonia, reaching positions close to the Narva river northwest of the city of 25,000. The Germans said they were evacuating Narva. The whole southern coast of the Gulf of Finland was in Russian hands.
creding Paul Appleby, who recently became assistant budget director.
Hill has been serving both as first assistant war food administrator and assistant secretary of agriculture
Appleby, long an associate of Vice President Wallace, resigned Monday.
Hill will continue to serve as Jones’ right-hand man in the food administration.
Vatican Takes Note Of Russian Rebuke
BERN. Feb. 3— (UP'—'The Vati-9in is following "with clasest interest" new attacks on the holy sec by the Soviet press, but no official comment Is expected, sources close to high Catholic circles said here today,
They said charges by the Russian publication Izvestia that the Vatican is supporting Fascism "are so ridiculous they are unworthy of any official denial."
and were forced to bomb through clouds.
The first crews back said they encountered few fighters and only moderate flak and that the weather I became the biggest obstacle.
WilhelmstiRven was last hit by ; the Americans on Nov. 3 with 560 ; bombers, believed to have been a j record force of four engined craft j up to that time.
The target Is one of Germany’s j wounded major ports—capable of accommodating the largest ships.
The shattering daylight assault followed R A F Mosquito attacks on targets in western Germany last night, thus keeping the greatest sustained M-lied offensive of the war rolling around the clock.
The announced force of 1,100 bombers and fighters making up today’s heavy .striking force fell short of the record force of 1.500 American bombers and fighters which made the 1.800-ton shuttering raid on Frankfort last Saturday.
No News Good News
^ By The Associated Press
Japanese broadcasts of news in English, beamed to North America, refrained from mention of the Marshall islands fighting for the second straight day.
New Auto Tags Ready for Use
Taylor county motorist may now purchase and attach their 1944 past age stamp license plates, according to Pat Patterson, tax collector.
Patterson said about 30 of the two by two inch tags had been sold during the first two days of February.
The square 1944 plates, which are to replace the two by four inch '43 tags, must be attached to the 1942 numbers by April I.
Formerly new tags could not be placed on vehicles until March I, but due to the smallness of the new tags they may be attached now*, Patterson said.
Leading bond rallies tonight at Baird and Albany will be the four war veterans from Mc-Closkey General hospital at Temple, now in West Texas in interest of the Fourth War Loan drive Scheduled to attend the Baird rally are (apt. David Kelly of ( lint, who saw service in the North African and Sicilian campaigns and Pvt. Joseph Pollard of Greenville, S. I'., veteran of South Pacific action.
A general turnout Iv planned with the rally to be held at 7:30 p. rn., in the First Methodist church.
Accompanying the veterans will be J. R. Black, district attorney, who has six sons in service.
There wil be no bond selling at Baird as that phase of the program is set for Saturday night at which Callahan county officials hope to reach Baird's quota for the big push.
Ll. Russell K. Turner, a former Abilenian who saw action in the Chinese theater, and Sgt. William t relin of Bonham, wounded In the North African invasion, will be in Albany.
The Russians drove across the 1P39 Polish frontier weeks ago and nave said little or nothing oi the front for some time. Tile loss of Lutsk meant that the Russians had severed a major rail communication from Warsaw to Odessa via Kowel and Zhmerinka. but a more .southern branch of the Warsaw line through Lublin and Lwow still was available for the Germans.
Lutsk lies but 60 miles east of the Polish Bug river, where the Germans may elect to make a decisive stand. Tie city Is 515 airline miles southeast of Berlin, and 215 miles southeast of Warsaw.
Cassino, commanding the entrance to the Liri valley and 60 miles below the Rome front, was outflanked and virtually enveloped.
American art French troops widened the brcoh in the Gustav line. Striking down from the north, the Americans were less than a third of a milt from the while-domed mountain stronghold of 15,-
See EU ROP I- Pg 7 Col. 4
8th Army Ready to Attack, Viny Says
LONDON. Feb 3—<A»j—A broad-i cast by the German-controlled j Vichy radio said today recon n*is-I sance showed th* 'British Eighth army was shaping up a new of-fensive on the Acnatic end oi the Italian battle line The broadcast, nard by the As
clent, Fleming James treasurer and Jack Simmons was reelected acting secretary-manager.
Blankenship was named at a meeting this morning of the board of directors.
The five new directors, lo serve three-year terms, are 'N ill I) Minter, < M. Caldwell, Henry James. VV. P. Wright and Merle Gruver. They were elected by popular vote of the members of the chamber of com mere*, having received the highest numbers of votes among 15 men nominated.
Hold-over members of the board, five of whom have one year and five two years to serve, arr1 Frank Grimes, Blankenship, Victor E. i Behrens. P W. Campbell. Walter E Jarrctt, E. P Mead, Homer H
Bv the Associated Press
I American fighting men, moving swiftly against tile surprised Japanese defenders, closed in on bomb - ravaged Kwajalein atoll today in a successful flanking assault on the heart of mandated Marshall islands.
Marines who captured Roi islet mopped up on enemy remnants on adjacent Namur as the mid-Paciflc invasion campaign swept into the fourth day. Soldiers of the Seventh army division seized at least a third of Kwajalein islet on the southern, anil opposite, end of the big coral atoll.
Eyewitness accounts pictured Rot and Namur as littered with the twisted, smoking debris of intensely bombarded installation, and with the bodies of hundreds of Japanese soldiers But Roi gave the American.* a four-runway airstrip to aim
JAPS beaten on new guinea
ALSO. SI F PAGE 3
new assaults on other enemy bases Where the Nipponese apparently had expected the Marshalls Invasion blow to fall.
Land-based army and navy bombers showed no letup In the systematic neutralization of the eastern Marshalls chain as ground forces fought for control of the excellent anchorage and air base a1 Kwajalein islet. There was no mention in yesterday's Pearl Harbor communique of any Japanese sea or air opposition,
As yet. no losses among the hundreds ot ships in the U. S invasion fleet have bern reported, and Admiral Ninritz let is br* known tho troop casualties were light.
“It Is now apparent that the attack took tile enemy completely bv surprise,” the Central Pacific commander said. The weak resistance at Kwajalein aside from attesting to the effectiveness of the pre-invasion bombardment, indicated the Japanese were not prepared to make a stand on the western line oi the Marshalls
IN AMERIC AN HANDS—Pictured In re is the first prc-Prar| Harbor territory wrested from the Japanese bv American fighting men. The seem* is of Roi and Namur vvhith Marines seized in the second clay of the Marshalls invasion. I he Hoi airfield (top) is connected to Namur by a narrow strip of coral beach and a Jap-built roadway.
Felon Slays Two Women
LUBBOCK Feb. :: V An aged .
woman and het daughter ware J beaten ti* death with a hammer at Brownfield, 45 mil* southwest of ; Lubbock, last night and officers j ape seeking a 28- * sr-old parol'd convict in ©OB nee non with the crime Dead are:
Mrs. Corn Smith about 62, a resident of Brownfield Mrs. Qumley Dunlap, about 40, her daughter from California
Brownfield ift 50 miles north
of Littlefield, the scene Ifs* than four months ago rf the mvsterious slaving of Dr. and .Mrs. Ro> Hunt, whose bound bodies were found In their bed. These crimes remain unsolved. Mrs Smith and her daughter had been hacked to death at the home of Mrs. Smith in Vie southwester*! .section of Brownfield.
Roi was invaded Monday, and 1 its airstrip fell tour hours later.
I New landings were made the tol-i lowing day on Namur and Kwaj-■ aloin islets. The fall of Kwajalein,
Scott, E A Ungren, Morgan Jones ; and with it some 30 dei>endent is-Jr„ Leach and Jesse F. Winters Blankenship, who heads Blmiken-
See ( of ( , Bg- 14, ( ol. I
lets. appeared imminent. American troops also
Limit Ballot to Men Overseas
Hee MARsll VI I s Bg- 7 < ol. 3
Raymond Clapper Is Killed in Marshalls
Tlie program at Albany is set for I soc lated Press, aim reported that
7:30 o’clock at the high school building.
The wounded soldiers spoke at IO a. rn. today in Merkel at a citywide meeting at the high school and were guests of the Lion s club at noon.
They are scheduled to return to i Temple Friday.
Fifth army troop on the bridgehead below Rom* were fighting their way forwarc between Aprilla and Cisterna with Allied reinforcements pouring int) the area The Fascists, th* broadcast added, have Issued a new* appeal to Italian souths to rally to the de-lei c of Rome.
WASHINGTON, Fob. 3 I*—
Raymond Clapper, the well-known Washington columnist and political commentator, has lost his life in a plane accident while covering the invasion of the Marshalls in the central Pacific.
A brief navy announc ement here said:
"The commander-in-chief of the Pacific fleet ha*, reported • that a plum* in which .Mr. Raymond Clapper was a passenger, engaged in covering the Marshalls Invasion, collided with another plane while forming up. Mr. (lapper was in the plane with the squadron commander. Both planes crashed In the lagoon. There were no survivors.
He was 51 years old, a native of Linn county, Kansas and attended the University A Kansas before suing into newspaper work His wife and two lie hi I d r e n live llthcre.
H* began his , wha distinguished ca-1 quat ||reer as a reporter on the Karrx-jas City Star in 11916, later joined lithe United Press CLAPPER Lu Chicago, and was associated with that organization on assignments in Milwaukee, St. Paul, New York and Washington, becoming chief political
WASHINGTON Feb quick shift of strategy ministration leaders agreed in
formally today to accept an amendment to pending service vote legislation which would confine use of a proposed federal war ballot
largely to members of the armed forces overseas.
Senator Lucas ti) III told a reporter he and others of Ilk** views would not oppose adoption of a revise© amendment by Senator Danaher (R-lonnl
which would make state absen
tee ballots available to most military personnel in this country.
The Danaher I \ lain the tederal men and women would make it av of the armed foil
County of Terry
field is the county man was bring sou country of southwe and that a passe of 75 men. using 20 a three airplanes w* in the search Crawford said ti been sent to the I and one-half years of robbery with asylum term was ( raw ford said
v Virgil Crawforct for which Brown-tty seat, said tho sought in the hill Terry county ween SO and mobiles, and being used
fugitive had mu mum* two ago on a chara* firearms Tira ifter that. the man had
shot another man three or four times and had stolen three or tour automobiles, driving them along the route to Seagraves where he abandoned the last ear and walked back to his home countv.
At this time 'he man is out on
Crawford related that the man See SI AV INGS Bg. 7 Col t
oil,ne ovel seas liable to es in this Ma irs failed to pros absentee voting facilities (Baekground Story on Page I**'
writer for United Press and man-The exact time and place of the lger its Washington bureau, accident were not given. Clapper subsequently became a
Clapper, long associated with the special writer for the Washington Scripps-Howard newspaper syndi- post ancj WPMt to the Scripps-cate, left herr on Dec. 28, going to Howard newspapers in January Honolulu and Au-trails and subsequent^ jomi m the Pa* iii* Heel, I See ( LAPPER, Pg. Ii- Lo I, 3
Marine to Make Attorney's Race
Now a private in the United States Marine corp County At
torned Then Ash will be a candidate for re-election, Dan Abbott, assistant county alt oi ne' said Wednesday.
The constitution of the state of Texas allows a member of the armed forces to hold public office, friends ol Ash had announced they would put his name on the ballot for live July primaries, Abbott said.
I 8, IIM* VK I MI NI OI LUMMI. ©CI WI V I HI K Kl Kl VI
ABILENE dud Vicinity lair this* aft, •moon. tonight and Friday cooler tonight mild temperature Friday
EAST TEXAS ea>t of tooth meridian : Fair this afternoon, tonight and Friday except cloud' with light rain lower coast this afternoon cooler tonight it.lid temperature Friday.
W EST TEXAS Fair this afternoon tonight and Friday cooler tonight and tit Big Bend countr\ Dei Rio Eagle Pas* area and east of the Pecos river tonight; slightly warmer in Panhandle Friday afternoon.
Highest temperature yest^|*dav; City office. 75 airport. 73.
Lowest this morning to 7 th a. rn. City office 44, airport 4t
I I vim it A I I RE)