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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - February 2, 1954, Abilene, Texas COOLER®f)e Abilene"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" — Byron MORNmC VOL. LXXIII, No. 231 A$$ociated Preu (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 2, 1954—EIGHTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c. SUNDAY lOe Molotov Puts Big 4 Meeting Into Crisis AIR FORCE REVEALS Communist Jets Attack U. S. Plane THIS? • • LAST MIN’UTE HUDDLE—Curtis Head, left, and Sam Hill, right, get together in preparation for passing out of Scrolls to Abilene business firms for final donations to the March of Dimes. (Photo by Roberts Studio) Polio Fund Drive Reaches $35,826 Last minute drives and contributions swelled Taylor County’s March of Dimes campaign to $35.-826.39, Fred Lybrand. campaign treasurer, announced Monday. *‘We are still a little more than $9,000 short of our $45,000 goal,” Lybrand said. The treasurer pointed out that the $35,000 figure was stUl not a complete total as some drives and towns have not completed their campaigns or collected all their pledges, “The Woman’s Golf Association which held their annual dance Saturday night expect to turn in to us about $1,400 after their expenses are paid,” Lybrand said. Scrolls with a colored March of Dimes poster were being passed out Monday to about 250 bu.siness firms by 25 repre.scntatives from five Abilene service clubs. Thev wiU continue this work Tuesday. The scrolls will be picked up next Monday. W’. T. Walton, campaign chairman, urged Abilen’ar.s who have not contributed to the drive to do so in the scroll campaign as this is their last chance to do so. Revised totals of the Coffee Day sales were boosted to $714.20, Lybrand said. The previous total had been $700.15. Two more districts turned in additional money for the Mother’s March. They were Woodson Schools with $19.25 and AUt VUU with $15.00. This made the “march” add up to $6,908.87, Lybrand said. A program on K.RBC-TV enUUed “Previews” conducted by Dub Bowlus and Larry Fitzgerald, television announcers, turned in $768-.47, They had previously turned in $864.23, Lybrand said. Other contributions turned In Monday were KW'KC Cake Auction $338.50. Tye — $92.17. Potosí — $104.77, Abilene Christian College (students and faculty) — $208.35, St. Joseph Academy—$88.25, Lawn — $210.36, and Hole-In-One Golf Tournament spon.sored by Morgan Hampton, Country Club pro, — $88.00. While Urges Ike's Farm Plan Defeat FEDERAL RESERVE BOARD Continued High Sales Reported WASHINGTON. Feb. 1 (^—Texas Agriculture Commissioner John White urged congressional leaders today to defeat President Eisenhower’s flexible farm price support program. Here for what he called routine conferences at the agriculture department, White said he favors the present fixed parity support program. He said he intends to discuss with agriculture officials plans j to establish a marketing news .ser-1 vice office in Amarillo for the re-: porting of livestock auctions in the Amarillo-Lubbock area.    , White was asked if he had discussed politics during his visit with Sen. Lyndon Johnson and Rep. Sam Rayburn. “My primary purpose in meeting with them was to express opposition to the Eisenhower flexible farm price support program,” W'hite asserted. “I feel sure that it will not be adopted by Congress. The subject of the Texas gubernatorial situation did come up, but I told them it was still too early to telL^what might happen.” White has indicated he might seek the governorship. He is believed waiting to see whether Gov. Shivers runs. In that case White is expected to seek re-election as agriculture commissioner. By ED CREAGH WASHINGTON, Feb. 1 (f) — A large number of Russian-built MIG15 jet fighters attacked a U.S. reconnaissance plane off the west coast of North Korea Jan. 22, the Air Force disclosed today. F86 jet fighters escorting the reconnaissance plane fought off the attackers and shot down one MIG, an Air Force spokesman said. No American casualties or plane damage were reported. The State Department said no protest is planned because, for one thing, it is not knowm whether the MIGs were piloted by North Koreans, Communist Chinese or Russians. “Were Communists” “It is safe to assume they were Communists,” was all the Air Force had to say on this point. No diplomatic protest could be made directly to North Korea or Red China since this country does not recognize the government of either country. A State Department spokesman said the United Nations Command could make a protest to the Chinese or North Koreans on the Military Armistice Commission in Korea. The air clash was the first reported in the Far East since the Korean armistice was signed July 27. It occurred some 22 miles southwest of Chinampo port of the North Korean capital. Pyongyang. This would place it about 45 miles Pope's Illness Draws Concern WASHINGTON. Feb. 1 The Federal Reserve Board today reported continuing high sales in January while Industrial production ebbed a bit for the sixth straight month. Auto production, however, was Up. Meanwhile. Chairman Wolcott (R-Mlch) of the Senate-House Economic Committee said administration experts believe price levels will remain stable for the next 18 months—and unemployment will remain between 2 and 2's million. Wolcott said Deputy Budget Director Rowland Hughes, testifying *t a closed-door hearing, said these were the assumptions used in drawing up the budget for fiscal 19.55 which begins on July 1. The Michigan representative told | newsmen Hughes convinced him | the assumption on employnpent and i prices were "reasonable and very safe.”    ... To String Along    i Declaring he would string along ' with President Elsenhower and the Budget Bureau. Wolcott said: “I want to be just as optimistic as they are:” But Sen. Douglas (D-Il », who attended the hearing, said later he believes the administration is much too optimistic in its as.sump-tions. Douglas has contended that the naUon is already in the midst of a recession. The Federal Reserve Board did not oubltsh a preliminary figure for January production. However, tt said its Index of national output at factories and mines the most widely used general business Index —slid off to 127 in December and “a slight further decline is indicated for January." The board said production jn 1953 showed an average index oi i34— or 34 per cent greater than in the 1947-49 base period - compared with 124 in 1952. The December figure was two points under November P^cjlo" and 7 per cent under the output high of last July. Total Higher But the Reserve Board said that despite steadily declining produc-tion in the last five months of the year, total production in 1^53 was t per cent higher than In 1952. Continued high sales appeared to be working against the production slump. President Eisenhower said in his economic report to Congress last week that the decline in production during the last half of 1953 was chiefly due to swollen inventories. When inventories grow high, production orders slow down since new goods are not needed to keep up with sales. "Should (high sales) continue, Eisenhower said, “the moderate contraction i.ow under way would come to a halt soon,” as sales ate up Inventories and production orders came back. NEWS INDEX SECTION A Womtn'i Nawt ...... Poge    4 Sports ................ 8,    9 Oil .................... 10 SECTION 8 Editorial ................. 2 Comics ................ 4 Clossiticd ............. 5-7 Farm, Markets ............ 7 Rodio Log ................ 8 VATICAN CITY, Feb. 1 (JV-Pope Piu« XIFs apparent inability to throw' off a weakening ailment began to arouse concern in Vatican circles today, despite official reassurances. The Vatican press office communique was brief. It said the condition of the pontiff—suffering more than a week from a stomach disorder—was stationary “because the gastric disturbance that 9^-flicts him has not completely vanished.” The communique added that the Pope’s health “is considered to be satisfactory and causes no uneasi-ness.” Other Vatican sources said the hiccups which have resulted from the Pope’s gastric disorder, have diminished but not completely disappeared. They continue to interrupt his sleep. A new medicine, recently developed by a Stockholm doctor, was received Saturday, but it could not be learned whether the medicine was being administered by the pontiff’s private physician, Prof. Riccardo Galeazzi-IJsi. There also were unconfirmed reports Galea zzi-Llsi had called in specialists for consultation on the 77-year-old Pope’s health. The spiritual ruler of the world’s more than 400 million Roman Catholics continued to conduct affairs of the church in his Vatican apartment. Shopping Center Vetoed By City Zoning Board By DON NORRIS The City Planning and Zoning Commission Monday night turned down a proposal by Arthel Henson that he and his associates in the Westwood Development Co. be allowed to construct a shopping center just west of the new high school under construction. It was the third time that the proposal had been brought before the panel. The group turned the proposal down once before and it had been withdrawn once by Hen-son. Henson, through a spokesman, Maurice Brooks. Abilene attorney, had sought panel approval for zoning and possible annexation of the site. The shopping center would have been located on North Mockingbird I^ne between north Sixth and North Eighth Sts., and would have faced the new high school. The development company sought panel approval of the shopping center as Zone F (local retail» and the remainder of the area, known as the Westview Park Addition, aa Zone B (two - family rcsidencei). The panel had earlier voted to approve the plat for annexation as Zkme B. Motion to deny the group’s request for the approval was made by Dr. W. D. Rich and seconded by Mrs. W. R. Whlssler. Pete Olds joined the pair in support of the motion. Voting against the motion to deny the request was Mrs. John Drcssen and Albert McAlister. Jay Jameson, chairman, did not vole. Brooks told the panel that tlie developers met Thursday in an informal meeting with the city commission relating to re-submlsslon of the plat. He said the commissioners told them to return the matter to the zoning commission. Brooks asserted that providing for a shopping center across from the new school is the “only possible and practical solution for use of the land” from an economic standpoint. He said the land was better and suited for commercial than residential development because in most cities ’’blighted areas front on heavily trafficked atreeta.” è He contened that North Mockingbird Lane was designed as a “cardinal” street to care for heavy traffic. Would Be Set Back In the proposal submitted Monday night the buildings at the shopping center would be set back a minimum of 100 feet from the front property line to allow for a parking area. Brooks said the high school students would be allowed to use the parking area. Brooks told the panel tliat he had surveyed traffic at local shopping centers only Monday and had found that heaviest traffic was after school hours, which, he contended would rule out the traffic hazard school and P-TA officials believe would arise. Jameson, planning commission chairman, cited development along a new thoroughfare in Lubbock o! $60.000 homes when Brooks contended that residential development would be stifled by heavy traffic on Mockingbird. School Board President W. E. Fraley and Supt. of Schools A. E. See SHOPPING, Pg. 7-A, Cot. S north of the 38th Parallel, W'hlch the truce line roughly follows. Terms of the armistice permit both sides to conduct air reconnaissance over international waters on both sides of the Korean peninsula. Thus the American plane attacked had a right to be where It was. The Air Force spokesman said the plane was an RB45, a light, jet-propelled bomber fitted for reconnaissance work, and was on a reconnaissance flight at the time. The attack occurred — coincidentally or not — on the day U.N, officials released to civilian status those pri.soners of war who refused to go back to Communist rule. Light Showers Fall in Wide Westex Area A mild cold front triggered moisture - laden clouds in West Texas Monday evening, setting off light showers in a wide area. The moisture hammered hard at the prolonged drought on Feb. 1, following the wettest January since the crop-destroying drought began. Total rainfall for January was .93 of an inch, which was above normal. January rainfall for the past three years has been below normal, the U. S. Weather Bureau at Municipal Airport said, j The weatherman predicted scat-I tered showers W'ould continue to ' fall In the Abilene area early Tuesday, with most of it over by sunup. A trace of moisture had been recorded at the airport by 9:30 p.m. ^lunday, Haskell. McCamey and Lamesa all had showers Monday evening, the West Texas Utilities Co said. At Big Spring, no rain fell. But Sweetwater got a light rain. East of Abilene, Baird got a fine mist, and Ranger got a sprinkle. At Stamford, an observer said a mist started about 6 p.m. and that light rain had fallen from 8:30 p.m. to 9::30 p.m. Most of the rain seemed to be from Big Spring to the west, the Weather Bureau said. A thundershower was reported at Midland. The weatherman explained that the mild front passed through Abilene about 55:30 p.m. The first moisture at the airport was observed at 9:15 p.m. The additional moisture here brought hopes to farmers that 19.54 would cause the prolonged drought to totter even more than 1953 did. The weatherman said 1954 was off to a good start, since the January total waj more than for any January since the drought began. The .93 January total was .05 above the normal. In 1953 a January total of .10 was .78 below normal. In 1952 a January total of .71 was .25 below normal and in 1951 a .05 total was .91 below normal. The January rain total greater than last month was in 1950 when the total waa .96. The January total in 1949 was 1.78, but in 1948, it waa only .01. Plan Would Keep Germany Weak ... or THIS? By DANIEL DE LUCE BERLIN. Feb. 1 Russia’s V. M. Molotov tonight to.ssed the Big Four conference a Sovtet-style peace treaty for Germany. It would set up a unified Germany virtually defenseless on the Red army’s doorstep with Communists in key government posts, Molotov threw the conference into a grave crisis by dredging No Change In Ruslan Plan THE mm V. a. DEPAETMXNT OV COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY — MooU; cloudy with •esttered »howert tori/ Tuet-Oty mornlnf; portly cloudy Tueodoy ofternoon. Tuoodoy night ond Wednet-doy, llttl# cooler Tutodoy: continued mild Tueedoy night; wormer Wedneedoy; high Tueidoy 5i: low Tueedoy night 45; htfh Wedneedoy ev?©. NORTH CENTRAL AND WICBT TEXAS; PorUy cloudy through Wedneedoy with no Importont chongee. EAST TEXAS; PorUy cloudy with no Importont chongee through Wedneedoy: Widely ocottered ehowcn neor the eooet eorly Tueedoy: genUe to moderote vori-oble windo on the eooet becoming moderote northeoet Tueedoy. SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS:    Portly cloudy with no Importont chongee through Wedneedoy; widely ocottered ehowere neor the eooet eorly Tueedoy; gentle to moderote eoet to eoutheoet winds on the eooet ehtfttng to northerly Tueedoy. TEMPERATURES WHICH WILL IT BE—If old Mr. Ground Hog sees his shadow today. he will scurry underground and we’ll have six more weeks of winter. But, if it’s cloudy, he will smile like photo below, because that means winter is practically over. Mr. Ground Hog On Roam Today By STUART CHILTON The alarm clock will ring early Tuesday morning in the home of Mr. and Mrs, Ground Hog for the time has rolled around for Mr. G. H. to take his annual stroll. So if you .should see a brownish or reddish g*<iy creature about 20 inches long yawning and groping his way around, don’t be afraid for it’s Sir Ground Hog out of hibernation, making his yearly weather forecast. Each year on Feb. 2 the heavy set and short tail creature leaves his warm ground hole to come out and see if everything is up and up for him to stay above ground. He’s the type fellow who doesn’t like cold weather — mainly because he's afraid of his shadow. Early Tuesday he’ll come out of his burrow underneath the ground to determine A^hat our weather will be »»ke for the next six weeks. If Mr. G. H, sees his shadow, it’s back to his burrow. And it’ll be a warm fire for us up here on earth,„for we are due to have six more weeks of cold weather. Now if it should be cloudy, that’s welcome news for the burrowing, strong clawed creature. It means we will have an early spring, and he can stay top-side to bask In the warm Texas sunshine and not have to worry about putting another log on the fire. Last year he saw his shadow— as for this year, well, you be the judge. BERLIN. Feb. 1    — Stony- jawed V. M. Molotov laid it on the line in the Big Four conference today. Despite all the smiles and caviar there is absolutely no change of any kind in major Soviet foreign policy. One of the questions John Foster Dulle.s, Anthony Eden and Georges Bidault came to the Berlin conference to ask has been answered. The way in which Molotov answered it need not necessarily break up the Big Four meeting, but it rather effectively puts the snuffer on any last-flickering hopes that serious business might be done here on German unification. Wide Distance The positions of the Western powers and the Soviet Union could hardly be further apart. Both see Germany as the heart of the European security problem, and as the key to preventing or winning World W'^ar III. But beyond that Molotov wants to use a German .settlement as a device for breaking up the European defense system which the United States and its Allies have spent billions building. And the Western powers, as Eden and Bidault emphasized today, want to bring Germany into the system in order to assure its success and keep some kind of control on possible German militarism. In other words, the West says bring Germany in and you can watch her. The Ru.ssians say seal her off and you won’t have to watch her. Molotov’s real intent behind fJis move today was heavily underscored by the fact that he made perhaps his strongest bid in recent years for an active alliance with France. He held out the vision of Soviet and French hands clasped across Germany with German blessing, to guarantee the future peace of Europe. Change Balance Such a realignment of power would not only help kill off EDC but break the North Atlantic alliance wide open, and change the balance of forces in Europe. There are other issues behind the big bold headline problems of the conference. Molotov has demonstrated considerable interest in opening up more East-West trade. Experts say the new Soviet government needs more goods for consumers. The Soviets may want to handle the Berlin conference in such a way as to bring about a relaxing of Western trade barriers. In fact, many diplomats believe that is one of their definite purposes here. There are also the unresolved issues of Asia—negotiations for a Korean poUticai conference, and the still vague hints of the possibilities of peace in Indochina. up a two-year-old Soviet draft of a treaty whose terms the W'est will not accept. It v:>uld conderrin the former Reich to exist alon« with only anti-aircraft guns to defend its frontiers. The Soviet minister scorched the idea of a European Defense Community with West German troops as “an insuperable obstacle” to peace. In almost the same breath, he appealed to France to repudiate EDC. follow Russia’s policy on Germany, and court friendship with the Kremlin. Shocked British This “Molotov cocktail,” which exploded at the round conference table in the Soviet Embassy’s glittering Hall of Mirrors, rocked British negotiators e.specially. Most Americans had been expecting the worst from the outset. A British delegation spokesman glumbly said tonight that Molotov “failed to submit any reasonable plan of his own and showed no sign that he would be ready to consider the Eden plgn (endorsed by all three Western powers) on its merits.” Molotov, in a 15-minute speech aimed at sinking the European Army project forever, made it clear to the American. British and French foreign ministers that the Kremlin refuses any deal that would permit even one German soldier to join the Western defense system. Brushed Aside He brushed aside as not worthy of notice the arguments of Britain’s Anthony Eden and France’s Georges Bidault that the EDC would safeguard Russia as well as other nations from a resurgence of German militarism after this country’s unification. ‘We can not forget that as a result ot Hitler’s aggression against the Soviet Union, 1,710 towns and more than 70,000 villages were completely or partly destroyed or burnt down,” the Russian thundered. “It is estimated that direct damage done in the part of the Soviet Union occupied by the Hitler army amounted to 128 billion dollars." France agreed to the Potsdam decisions on Germany’s demilitarization in 1945, Molotov asserted. But, he added, now Bidault “constantly shies away from them, even though France needs these decisions no less than the Soviet Union.” Accuses U. S. Molotov accused the United States and Britain of pursuing “Hitler’s policies” in developing an international system of military bases near the Soviet frontiers. ‘The political aim, the political sense, of the plans for a so-called F.uropean Defense Community Is that three states—the United States, Great Britain and France— attempt to create together with th# official masters of Western Germany a war bloc against a fourth state—the Soviet Union,” he said. “One can no longer delay th# conclusion of a peace treaty with Germany.’’ The Russian demanded Uie convening of a German peace com’erw ence not later than October to ratify a treaty to be worked out by the Big Four’s deputy foreign mlnUters with representatives of the Communist East and anti-Com-munist West German governments. The treaty, he insisted, must: 1. Ban a united Germany from any bloc or military alliance; 2. Renounce forever the German territories occupied by Russia and Poland at the end of the war; 3. Limit future German land, sea and air forces to “tasks of an internal character, local defense of frontiers, and anti-aircraft defense.” Mm. a. M. Mm. p. M. 43 ....... • • • • . 1:30 ....... ..... gs 43 ....... 3:30 ..... « 41 ....... 41 ....... . * . • . 4 30 ....... ..... M 40 ....... . ♦ . * . 5:30 ..... 06 40 ....... . «30 ....... ..... as 43 . ..... . 7;30 ....... ..... S3 U ....... . t:30 ..... M 51 ....... • • . « . »30 ....... ..... M sa ....... . 10 30 ....... ..... — n ....... . 11 30 ..... — •»' ..... 13:30 — Hlrti ond low temperaturas for 34-hours •ndlng at 0 30- W and 3« HlEh and low temparatures aama data iMt yaar; #7 and 33. 8una«t laat night I 13 P. M.: Sunrlat to> dar ^ 33 A M.; Suntet tonight • 13 P M Rarometar raadRis at • ;30 F '. M 3S.40. RaUtlva humldltr si • :30 i*. M. «3%. TRUCK-BUS ACCIDENT SCENE—The shittered remains of a Quebec Provincial Transport bus which carried 15 persons to a fiery death when it collided with a trana-port truck, near Three Rivers, Quebec, about 85 miles east of Montreal, is towed to the morgue where it was searched for vlctima. 10 other persona were injured in the crash. (AP Wirephoto) ;