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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - February 1, 1974, Abilene, Texas OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR SKETCH YOUR AS IF 93RD YEAH, NO.''229 PHONE 073-4271 79G04, 1, PAGES IN FOUR SECTIONS 15t DAILY 25c'SUNDAY Associated Press Nixon Asks Economic Patience By BLUE nUCKER 'Junk Mail' Ad By Post Office Irks Taxpayer Who paid for Hie big ad In. the newspaper concerning "Junk II doesn't seem right (or taxpayers lo pay for (his sort of tiling ami 1 feel sure we did. Thai stuff IS jnn.k mail and no one else pays my postage fees for inc. I pay for every Idler I mail pins Income luxes lo keep the Post Office going and I pay .plenty! A. The ad was paid uy the U.S. Postal Service and sonic taxpayer money was used Ihe same as taxpayer money is used for niililary.rccruilmenl ads, says Mel Layne at the posl office. "And there's ho says Layne, "thai -an 8-cent slamp can pay for the cosl of transporting a letter across Ihe country. If we handled only first class mail, you'd sec Hie postage rate, go as high as 40 cents an ounce." Because of union regulations, posl office employes must work eight hours a day. First class mail can be worked in about hair lhal lime but employes must be paid for hours so instead of silting idle they spend the remainder working third class bulk rale mail. Layne says lie must have, enough personnel available lo work first class mail lo get it out immediately. Olher- wise you'd have a delay of two lo three additional days in delivery. The purpose of Hie iid was to educate the customer par- ticularly Itiose who complain about third class mail, Layne says. Q. For a research paper, I need lo know Hie cause of Gcu. Douglas Mac- .Arlhur's ilcalh. If you can find out, T jiccd It. know the source. I've already Iricil Hie reference section al Ihe II- tlirary. A. Instead of just fading away, as an old soldier should, MacArlhur died after Ihree operations performed because of liver and kidney failure, lie was 81 at Ihe lime so you could probably conclude he died of old age and the inability to withstand the opera- tions. Our source? The Reference Staff al (he Cily Library. You gave up too soon. These facts were found in the April G, New York Times. Q. Whal arc we people lo do who .write checks lint don't have a driver's license? There must be hundreds like myself who never did drive or who liaif (o give il up when (he bones got feeble, and (lie eyesight grew dim. I don't wrile many checks, hnl what am 1 (anil peo- ple like me) lo do when we must write one? A. Ask one of your neighbors lo drive you lo 2611 Post Oak'noad. The Driver's-License Division of the Department of Public Safety, for SD, will get you an official ID card with ynur picture on it. It's about the size of a driver's license, looks like a license but is strictly an ID. Take with you a hhlh certifi- cate or some proof of age. Q. I'm curious nbonl Common Cause. II sounds like an organization tliai's doing something aboul (he slalc of (he nalioii bill I'm nol sure exactly what It's doing. How do yon Join? Is il affiliated wild a political parly, if so, which one? How does il funcllon? What is ils goal? A. It's neither Democratic, Republican, Independent, conservative or liberal. To ciiiolG a member, "If we were connected with any political party, we'd lose our effec- tiveness. Jusl say it's made up of people who give a damn about the country." Common Cause is a people's lobby. Its purpose is to keep members informed on what's about to take place in the slate legis- lalurc and Ihc Congress of the U.S. Instead (if hearing aboul hills after they're passed, Common Cause members arc kopl informed on what is pending. Tills puls them in a position lo wrilc congressmen or legislators lulling them know what (hey want or (lonT want. The organization also hires Members arc informed of pending legisla- tion by newsletters from Austin and Wash- ington D.C. and also by a Iclcphone network designed lo alerl Ilicm in time lo do some- Ihing Follow-up on legislation is recorded in the newsletter as well as how legislators volcd on thc'issnes. The organization is run predominantly by volunteers, consequently Ihe wheels some- time move slowly. IL has Ihree paid work- in Texas. Members are polled once a year lo see what two or three basic issues the organiza- tion will concentrate on thai year. This past year Ihe emphasis was on accountabilily in government. To join, send (students .send lo Common Cause, 1403-5 Lavaca, Anslin-78701. Address questions lo Action I.lne, llox .10, Abilene, Tevas 79G01. Names will nol be used bill questions must he signed and aildi'L-sscs given. PIcnsr. Include Id- fnliOnc nimihcrs If possible. R. GREGORY NOKES Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (A P) Sharply liiglie'r 'prices and the energy shortage will plague Ihe economy in 197-1, President Nixon told Congress Friday. He said, "I c-iinnol assure HIP American people of an easy liil'ie." In Ills animal report lo Con- gress oh Ihe economy, Hie President -asked lor patience in Ihe light against inflation. "To correct a powerful trend of Ihe economy which has been, going un for some lime, requires hc-sadi. President's economic advisers forecast an inflation rale of C per cent (or consum- er prices. The report painted a1 gener- ally pessimistic picture for the new year, although the Presi- dent and his advisers slopped' short of predicting a reces- sion. They said unemployment would climb from the 1373 'rale of 4.9 per cent lo "a little above 5.5 per cent" in 1971, while the economy.would grow only about one per cent, com- pared to 5.9 per cent in 1973. Although, Hie President is nol scheduled lo release his budget (or Ihc 1975 fiscal year until Monday, the report re- vealed lie' will propose R budget of ?304 billion, includ- ing a deficil of billion. 11 will be the first time the budget has exceeded Ihe billion mark, and it includes defense spending of bil- lion, up billion from Ihe 1974 budget. The President said Ihe.high cost and shortage of petrole- um in 197-i "add lo Ihe economic picture .'or the and would-result in higher prices, limited produc- tion in some industries and re- duced demand in others. Administration economic policies will be designed, lie said, to do three things: "To keep Ihe moderate slowdown of the economic boom from becoming exces- sive because of the energy shortage. "To keep Ihe rise of fuel prices from spilling over unnecessarily into more infla-. lion in other parts of the econ- omy. "To-set the slage for.stvong- er economic expansion with greater price stability after the initial price and. output disruptions caused by the ener- gy shortage have been ab- sorbed. There v as considerable em- pliasis on the problems of con- trolling inflation, which was a sharp contrast lo the 'Presi- dent's 1973 report, which fore- cast a rate of inflation of only about 2.5 per cent al year's end. 'instead, inflation was 9 per as measured by Ihe in- crease in consumer prices', and 5.3 per cent, as measured1, by the Gross National Product index, which includes non-con-' sinner prices. "Inflation: seemed a Hydra- headed monster, growing two new heads each time one was cut said a section of the report written by the President's lop economic ad- visers. They said the process .of controlling inflation williibe.r long and difficult, and warned that "if we do nol fight infla- tion effectively it will acceler- ate." The President gave a strong, indication that the administraj lion will not try to restrain inflation Ihrough a new con- trols program, saying it will, continue its policy of progres- sive removal of exibling price and wage controls. Scott Won't 'Backtrack' On Credibility of Dean Scene of Truck Death A Pennsylvania state police investigator stands up in-Ihe cab of a-.truck turned on its side after crashing Thursday near Pa. The driver was killed and police said il appeared a large rock foniid'inside the-cab was hurled from .an overpass through the windshield, causing Ihe wreck, (AP-Wirepholo) Truck Shutdowns Spread Over Areas in 20 States BY THE I'KHSli Demands by independent truck drivers for lower fuel prices and more money for the. cargo spurred a shiu- down lhat'spread across pails of 20. states today in the East, tiie South, Appalachia and the Midwest.1 There'were scattered reporls of parked rigs in California anil Arizona. Several Iliciisand truckers ap- parently had joined the action. But in most of the 20 slates, some independents were still operating. Some plants announced lay- offs, others said they couldn't slay in business much longer and Pennsylvania Milton Shapp prepared to call out Hie National Guard 'to hall the vio- lence lhal claimed one life in his slate Thursday. One New Jersey refinery kepi its gasoline trucks parked as pickets marched outside. Stale police patrolled high- ways in some Appalachian stales. Union drivers nol honor- ing Ihc shutdown call traveled in groups of threes and fours in other areas. On one Virginia highway early today groups of trucks slowed down at bridges and intersections, looking fo" nails and ntlicr obstacles which caused some drivers to head home. Hcporls received from truck stops in several slates were that rigs had blocked Ilic fnol lanes. "I just told (he drivcrsTo pull in front of-my primps and block said Don King, a irnck stop manager in Kcnlon, Mo. "These gnys are my bread and bullci- and whatever they wart, I'll go along with them." Businesses dependent on (nicking were beginning In feel the impact of the aclion. which started .last week in Ohio and Pennsylvania hut did nol bcgiir spreading much further linlil Thursday. A few small firms in Ohio and West Virginia layoffs Thursday. Bclhlchem Steel said trucking al its Bethlehem. Pa., planl was at a standstill and a meei- ing was to be held loday lo dis- cuss a layoff. The plant em- ploys persons. Sonic Midwest meal packing plants -said they may soon feel the-pinch. The shutdown, a product of the energy crisis, .could make worse if it contin- ues. A dozen major coal mines in Appalacbia were said to be run- ning critically short of supplies and near a shutdown. And in a tew areas officials expressed concern that gasoline delivered by indeiiendenl driv- ers lo service stations badly in reed of their February allot- ments would nol lie made. WASHINGTON (API Sen- ate Republican leader Hugh Scolt said lortay "fai not back- tracking one sigle iJRh'1 in chal- lenging the credibility of for- mer counsel John W. .Dean III. Al a While (louse news con- ference, Hie Pennsylvania sena- tor was -questioned closely on Ihe .point in light of federal court statements Thursday by special proseculoi s that they have no basis for "be- lieving Dean lied under oath." Scoll has suggested Dean should be charged wilh perjury for linking President N'ixon wilh Hie Watergate cover-up during the Senate Watergate in- vestigation.' Of his earlier Scott said: "I believe them. I stand by them. I am convinced of them I'm not backtracking one single inch.'1 Scott said he wondered if Ihe staff of special prosecutor I.eon Jaworski lias seen or heard While House lapes and relevant documents thai have been turned over to Jaworski's of- Show I Spirit of City Abilene boards and com- ,missions are made up of unpaid citizen volunteers, and their work, and open- ings for 1974 ore discuss- ed in two stories by Bill. Gould on Page 1-B. Amusements 9B Business Mirror 4B Bridge 6B Clossilied.......... Comics I OB Editorials <1A Horoscope I2B Hospital Patients IDA. Obituaries 3A Spoils 1-3.I2C To Ycur Good Health......9A Travel MB TV Log 88 TV Scout.............. Women's News fice. He said he liopcd'Jaworski "would have available, to-him Ultimately all the material runt's been made available lo me." Later. ScoK said he assumed .lav.'orski had all informa- tion that was available to him. The usually amiable .Scoll grew almost .lesly' at'-'points', saying he wa.s not lo comment further aboul Dean's credibility. Later, however ,Scott: said he found it remarkable that' the special proseciiloiv's office express full confidence in confessed felon" .who, he had admitted under oath lo the Senate C'omnvH'tee-. thai lie had misappropriated funds! This in Rcolt said, "shakes credulity." Sc'qil; Republicsijf f.eader .loliii Rhodes of Arizona discussed, following .V'a lengthy meeting of GOR -con- gressional leaders wilh Presi- dent Nixon, the question of hnw far the White House, will go in cooperating will] Ihe Hoitsu Judiciary Commillee conskt- c'ring impeachment. Scoll said he assumed -such matters would be worked onl in consultation between the com- mittee's chief counsel and Mi- nority counsel and White House special counsel James D. St. Clair. Moisture Would Be Too Late' Anyway Uy JOE DACY.U 1 Heporlpr-Xew.s SlafI Writer A Pacific cold front straddling Ihe Texas-New Mexico border may drop most of Us moisture over (he mountains of Tex- as, leaving Abilene without a drop of' Frank Cannon, forecaster at the National Weather' -Service, said Friday il was "hard to fig- ure" how much moisture.. Ihe front would drop or if the trough would even make il across the mountains. The forecast. 'he poin'iert'onl, is usually given for oii'ly.-a 12- hour period because -.weather conditions change rapidly. 'Can- non said Abilene would prolWbly gel no rain "for the or .so." temperatures are expected lo stmr near'80 de- grees, as the r-dry weather continues lo: plague area farmers and ranchers.' Hilly Bob Toombs, district director of Ihe Taylor County Judge Upholds Henley Statements By JIM HAIU.OW Associated Press Wrilrr HOUSTON (AP) District Court Judge William Hatte-n lo- day moved Ihe mass murders trial of Elmer Wayne Henley lo Kan Antonio and ruled state- ments Ihe defendant gave lo police arc admissible as evi- dence, in court. Ilattcn said !75th Dislricl Court Judge-Preston Dial will hear Ilic trial. Henley, 17, is accused in six of the 27 homosexual torture slayings of .teen-age boys, tie will. .hc: tried in San Antonio fpij one: of the. been conducting pVeirial hearings for Henley which, defense 'lawyer.1; ;said Henley's written ami oral statements'to police after his ar- rest were improperly obtained and nol. admissible as evidence. In a written statement, Ihe judge said, 'The court now finds from all iiic evidence lhal Ihc said di indant knowingly, intelligently and voluntarily wilhoul threats, fear, per- suasion, or any other form of coercion, or duress, and while sane, lucid and in command of his actions, waived (he right to consult with a lo remain voluntarily made" Ihe oral and written .statements. The judge granted two other defense motions Friday. The firsl was lo allow Henley-lo.re- main in Houston in jail days before his trial in San'-An- tonio lo permit psychialric'lesl- ing. He a 1 s p'appointed defense lawyers Will .Gray and hid Pegelovv to be I.lenley's counsel in the case. The' pair had'-bccn serving-'voluntarily -and wiiliout pay. The appointment means the county vfill -.pay for their si.t vices. Judge Hatlcn ordered Wednesday, on his own motion, that Ihe trial of Henley should be moved mil of Houston be- cause of massive.' publicity here. Ho also said lie would dc- lay Hie case due lo a .stipulation between Ilic .stale and defense lawyers thai Henley could nol gel a fair trial al this lime. Just when Henley will be tried for Ilic murder of Charles C. Cobble, 17, a boyhood friend, will be up lo the judge who ac- cepls the case, Hailcn said. The judge's ruling on the art- missibilily of Henley's oral and written statements strikes lo Ihe very heart of the prose- culion's case. There is litlle physical evi- dence linking Henley with the crime and no eyewitnesses c-x- cenl for another defendant in the case, David Owen Brooks, IB, who is not likely to'testify against Henley. If ho. did, Brooks would be incriminating himself. Til I It c nlhcr eyewitnesses, prosecution lawyers say, are dead. The victims all 27 of found bur- ied in graves al three .sites in and around Houston. The man say wa.s Hit' Usi'der of-I lie homosexual murder and "torltire ring which killed the boys, Dean Arnold Corll, 33, is him- self (lead, lie was shot lo dcalh by Henley Aug. 8 in what police said was self defense. Thai shunting broke Ihe case. Judge Ilatlen had sol up elaborate preparations for Ihe Henley (rial and Ihcy were lesl- ed during Ihe almost three weeks of pre-trial hearings; A special press-court, .'com- mittee of newsmen and. lawyers were appointed to sel coverage rules. All 'reporters graphed and issued passes which Ihcy had to wear al all limes in Ihc courtroom. An aiilerooni was nuill hall outside Ihe courtroom and persons entering Ihc court .were electronically searched wilh molal Guard posts were set up in the building lo completely surround the liltli- lloor coui'lronm. Fanners Union, said Friday, [hal even if it does rain "it is loo late lo do any good" for wheal and oals. Wheat and oals were sown In early November, he said; everyone is feeding their Toombs added. .Ross Wilson, manager of Ilic Soulhwesl Pennul Assn.. said the dry weather is "definitely hurting." He indicated he is counting on "good spring rains" lo ease (lie problem. KAINFAI.i; for Ihe past three months amounlcd lo only .41 inch, Cannon said. January pre- cipitation was only .18 compared In last year's total of 3.52. -The average for January is 1.02 inch- es. Cannon said computer projec- tions for February imlicalo pre- cipitation will be' less than Ihe normal .97 inch. January temperatures were an average of five degrees high- er than last year 43 for ihis year, :18 for liisl. The average high temperature in January this year wa.s 56, compared lo 47 last year. Low averages remained about Ihe same at 30 and 28 degrees, ve- speclivcly. Dry wcalher aside, tempera- ture averages for Ihis January arc almost normal, Cannon said. Normal temperatures for Janu- ary are 5G, high; 32, low; 44, average. JANUARY 21 saw a now re- cord for thai day of 8jl degrees. The old high was 81 in 1967. The lowest temperature in January was 10 degrees on the l'2lh. High and low temperatures for January 1073 were 72 and Average wind speeds for Janu- ary; 1973 and were 13 and 12 mph. WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Nalional WealTier Service ABILENE AND VICINITY (40intlei radiui) Fnlr and woim, lorttiy, Pnrllv cloudy tonight and Saturday. Cooler dqy. winch ol 10 le JO mphj wllh quill near 10 mph. JMs Allcrnnon, becoming norLtierly fll IB to IS rnph- tonlohl. 'Hlnh lempernlu r.c.ir 80. Lovf lanirjht M.v JOk In low a m.: Jf nnd it. iliph and row IBID and 31. Insi vuincl loiiirjiit: ;