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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - February 1, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR IOND L4tfc War Loan quota Wei Saturday ttei tkii month Abilene YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COES'-Byfon TUgDAYMOHNING. FEBRUARY 1, -TWELVE PAGES FtHt UP) MORNING PRICE FIVE CENTS rocities Protests Filed .Wounded Veterans Arrive Here loday Four convalescing veterans of World War II, still bearing the scars of battle wounds, will head a city-wide war bond rally at Ihe First Baptist church tonight at 7-30 wives and children of ;n In the armed forces will IK special guests at the rally. They will be seated on the main floor of auditorium. All others will be nsked lo sit In the balcony. four men, Lf. Russell K. irner. formerly of Abilene, u. George. Sparks "of Dillard, Okla., and two enlisted men, will appear on the program. They will make addresses following a concert bv the MRTC band. Bond sales in Taylor county maintaining; a high level, C. M. Caldwell, chairman, said last night. He added, how- that sales of series E -bonds were lagging, The four veteran? are due lo arrive in Abilene shorlly before noon. They are scheduled lo ap- pear at the Abilene high school "at 2 o'clock this afternoon and then tide rlh Into pairs for rallies at high and South Junior schools from 3 to -Wednesday morning at 10 two of the men will appear at Abilene Christian college, ai at Hav- riin-SImmons university and at 11 An. at McMurry college. At 1 pan. Wednesday they will the Abilene-Vlew Bus, Inc. i .Thursday 'night the: four men will be taken to Albany for a rally. 5 _ Chairman) Ca'Jdwelf said any em- ployer of a -number of persons who .wished io have any of-these men speak to hSs-persomiel should .tele- phone him. The four must-return to-: Me- .Ciiskey general throughout'' citizens-were responding to rallies which had serit sales sky- rocketing. Lt. Col. John A. Stout, Cunp Barkeley Chief af Chaplains, and Evans, MRTC public Mrrice hare been the backbone of matt tt the rallies. They havt been assisted by the JJRTC band and on several occssioni by pieces of war equipment of the 12th armored division. Their week's bond selling itiner- ary Include Blnckwell, Tuesday; Merkel, Wednesday; Thursday and Baird Friday. At Bnird a street rally will be held Saturday afternoon, accord- ing to B. H. Freeland. chairman. Colonel Stout and Major Evans, Ihe MRTC band and war equip- ment will be used. District Attorney J. R. Black will act as master of ceremonies. .Mr. Freeland said last night lour rallies in Callahan county had netted in pledges of the S272.000 quota. Almost o the bonds have been paid lor now he said. In Washington the Treasury reported Usl nijht Individual bond sales of Sat- urday sent the .Fourth War Loijn total to or nearly 29 per cent of Ihe quota. Several stales- were runnin above Ihe national average, amon them Montana, whicli edged pas the half-way mark- Minnesota s nearly 45 per cent, Rhode Islan 43-per Colorado Arkan sas.40 per cent each' and South, erh Ctffiornia per cent.' .First large-scale J'big money sales are expected today when se curfties other than war saving bonds begin drawing interest. Tn big money goal ALLIED CIVILIANS GET JAP TORTUOEATMENI, TOO ta M By RAYMOND P, CRO.VJN clvliu When the triumphant Japs marched Into Manila on Jan 2 1942 TO- were to in others. That puzzled us, but finally decided they meant they were moled necded and to a The military police were ruthless In handling Americans 7m "l Sham thcy uscd cerlal" Persuasions to jsy She had s t W Ehe most liltcly dlti not Possess, was pitBUeU up'to the time I tefl'iSlfnZ repa'trla'lion Another American civilian named Krogstadt who appearri sann cnougn when the Jap military police removed him from the concenlraC camp, was In an insane asylum a few days later. Within a week th Jar! announced he was a suicide. We doubted that! and held in vermin-ridden bedless cells at Fort Santiago until they were close to death from disease or starvation. Then they were io howilab or Internmem camp. These vic.ims did not talk of thelf let the look of fear In (heir eyes told 115 more than JaP atroclt-v ap'ns' civilians In Ihe Manila CS? caS I the wall one nlghl after UlC JT lhcy wcrc back t" the Sanio camp and taken Into (he "zero room" of our main building J bciuc" hy Jap otflccrs alld non-turns with the buckle end r 'hflt saw' "'fm (hc a, iV i T J ardly bc as human beings. They were abused lc their hands were tied behind their backs fl'lzcn refused to take it. He butted one Jan the mil the men had tryin, to trans- Illli bccn d'eam se'nt'e'ncefu the Jap high command, but to no avail. 1J1E thrce takcn lo Cemetery Del Nortc The nS I 'V? a mass of brufscs f'orn Ill-treat n'nt made a bitter speech of protest to the Japs who had fathered to 'n'C and We eta spoke MeN Un 8nd I10Ped thCy WOUW be The men were Ihen led to a shallow trench where they were C fodrHC "le andS' T'le Welc cam" Jap ortler6- Tl ey were blmd- b-v 5atd e Tiinion man's request to discard tht blindfold wu denlril. ,n 7 Jap Pktols of small caliber, (Ired round Fi'naTly one M" oumped the man beside him, and all three sprawlrd Info "gnn" More shots Into the trench but the three victims still were kicking and making unearthly sounds when Ihe Jans shorel d in the earth and covered them up. Fotlr Four snrrv h" 'he firing squad said he wns so som they had no rifles with which to do the Job properly. fL TURNER, FORMER STUDENT, LEADER ON McMURRY CAMPUS Lt. Russell K. Turner, former McMurry student, will speak In Radford Memorial auditorium Wed- usday morning at 11 o'clock to the "ident body of McMurry college. He will be accompanied by Lt. George Sparks and two enlisted men from McCloskey General hos- pital. These veterans of World War ijwill boost the bond Bales on the Fourth War Loan. Lt. Turner b the nephew of Dr. Frank L. Turner, former president He attended and one-half in the Army f 1941. Tur- commission in for two an rs before enlisting 11 Corps in August of ner received his tyilmer Sims Named Demo Finance Head Wilmer Sims, Abilene, has been named one of the H Texas chalr- jjsr ,f campaigns to raise for the National democratic party to supervise the campaign in the ccriipriincinal dislricl. State Chairman Harry L.Seay in appointments, said will end with the birthday dinner March, then -left for Panama. Hi was sent .to China in December o 1W2 and was injured in May o 1M3 when his pursuit plane crash ed into a mountain. He is recuper- ating from these injuries in the McCloskey hospital at Temple. His parents are P. H.' Turner Brownwood, and Mrs. W. E. Coffee of Eugene, Oregon. Bradshaw Bonds at Level Now BRADSHAW, Jan. the Fourth War Loan bond- rally held in the school gymnasium Fri- day evening J15.510 In bonds and stamps were sold. Major David Evans and Lt. Col. John R. stout of Camp Barkeley were the princi- pal speakers. The MRTC band of Camp Barkeley furnished music for the occasion. tta campaign of Feb. 26. Also nameJ were Raymond E. B'.iCk. Fort Woilh and Col. W. T Knighl. WlchiiA Fails, 42nd Court Grand Jury Is Recalled Judge Milburn s. Long has re- called the. 42nd District court grand jury for Wednesday morn- ing at o'clock. The grand Jury, Impaneled at the opening of the January term has only a few felony cases la study, according to County Attor- ney Dan Abbott and District At- torney J. R. Black. War Casualties keach WASHINGTON. Jan. 31- Casualties for all of the nation's armed forces since the starl of the war total 146.186, Including dI wounded. and 29.898 taken prisoner, the Office of War Information report- ed tonight on the basis of the 1st- est tabulation by the War and Kavy Departments. >WI fsld that of the prls- ks had been reported officially by the enemy as having died in prison camps, mostly In Japanese- occupied lerrltory. "The recent Army-Nivj Joint re- oort in Japanese atrocities makes actual figures of those who died substantially the ifcncy commented. Army casualties totaled o.' which number 17.480 trere illl- trl. 41.533 were wounded, 24805 missing, and were pris- OW oners In enemy hands. Of rounded, have returned to active duly or been released fro-n the hospital. The Army's casualties include IMOO Philippine scouts, of whom 469 were officially reported by the enemy as killed and 747 wounded The rest were assumed to be prisoners. The Navy report list casualties up to January 29, at 36.152 These Include dead, wound- ed, missing, and pris- oners. H Broken down, the Navy report shows: Navy-Dead 12.116, wound- -43llf; Sm' Pliers a4; total Marine Corps- Rrounded missing 699, prisoners total 18, missing 44, 44J. Wake Island Under Attack i.__2L was made some months aeo. with a Naw snn rVp-srsiago> vvith Reds Only Eight Miles of Border LONDON, Tuesday, Feb. 'en. Leonid A. Govorov's Lenin- grad army battled iU way yester- day into the suburbs ot Kingisepp, within eight miles of the Estonian rontier, and crossed the Luga river miles southeast of that pre-war customs station in a relentless surge oward Narva's ancient hattlemcnts nsode Estonia, a Moscow communi- que announced today. "Retreating under blows of the Soviet troops the enemy is aban- doning guns, heavy mortars and tores ol military supplies." said a midnight broadcast-bulletin. The river was crossed at several wints, the communique said in- luding the Southern Novogorod ront. Farther south other unils under Govorov, swinging down the high- way rind railway to Luga, plunger! 37 miles of a junction with Gen. K. A. Merctskovs army n a rapid pincers movement which Iready had cut off disorganized roups of Germans in a break es- anse of lakes and forcsls to the These German groups were being wmed down and wiped out or aken prisoner, the midnight bul- eltn said, They were throwing way their guns and emiipm-nt In "emoted night from mobile Red rmy detachments. The broadcast-communique re- .orded by the Soviet monitor also nnounccd fresh gains by Gen M Popovs second Baltic army at- acking toward, Latvia from fallen ovosofcontfci on the lower end of he 230-mile northern front But Moscow was silent on de- elopments In the Ukraine where he German high command told of ew Russian attacks-and successes -in the Dnieper bend, and where erlm also claimed that ten Sovfet 1 ntantjy and several tank l, total corps had been wiped out In a six- loay battle near Vinnitsa. POLL TAX HITS French, Dutch NEW HIGH MARK Taylor county poll lax pny menls hit an all-lime high test LONDON, Jan. MV-Amcrl- ntght wilh Tax Collector Pat Pal- ltlCludinB terson reporting at least j invasion iiitn.-uuj! targets on receipts would be issued. coast of Prance nnd nn airfield In At the deadline at "nine o'clock J Holland today in quick certificates hnd been issued by Liberators and Tokyo Hints Allies. Pr, Japan Pays No Heed, In Spite of Pledges WASHINGTON, Jan. 31 State Deportment disclosed today that 89 separate, major protests and representations have been sent to Tokyo over treatment of captured Americans, apparently with little or no suc- cess. Following up last week's Army-Navy disclosure of tha horrors inflicted on the Americans and Filipinos who sur- rendered on Balaan and Corregidor, the Department issued a summary of almost week-by-weck efforts since the war began to get Japan to live up to its promises concerning treatment of prisoners. The latest wcnl forward only last day (he Army-Navy atrocity report was released. It was (1) a broad review of Japanese failures, amounting in an effort to an indictment on 18 points, and (2) a compre- hensive statement detailing specific instances, in effect a bill of particulars. In Congress, meantime, there was fresh criticism that the government had waited more than a year to tell the official story of the Japanese atrocities. Senator Chavez (D-NM) told the Senate he could not un- dersiand why the information was withheld so long and asked: "What are we going to do about avenging the horrifying cruelties inflicted upon our men after Bataan Corre- gidor? "Of course It isn't proper tor the. Senate to become military strate- gists but we've been trying for years to impress the War Department R-ith the fact that Ihc Pacific U L null rtUHCK 0 to voters but believed nttaclt that yesterday's mail would bring In an additional 360 payments, since all taxes postmarked January 31 are valid. The previous high poll tax paying year was in 1942 when approxi- escorting Thunderbolts on military objectives in the Pas dc Calais area In Northern Prance was Ihe 30th Allied blow agalau these for- ward Nazi pwltloRs Oils month No enemy lighter opposition wa1; ..u (.-iiv-juy iigmcr nwfly was issued, Patterson encountered all of "the In the last preslrlenlial election year, JMO. poll tax pay- ments were made. Over citizens were forced to jam tax office and temporary stations yesterday lo reach the to- tal of over Only had purchased certificates by closing time Saturday r.lghl. A preliminary survey from scat- tered sections of Texas last night revealed the more eligible voicrs purchased the right to cast ballots in 1944 elections than at any time In history, according to the Asso- ciated Press. Leading the Lone Slar state was the forecast for Houston and Har- ris county where poll tax receipts were issued. Two years ago the voting strength was at 138.- In Dallas county officers said Ihc bombers relumed, a Joint u s Army and British Air Ministry hcommunlque said. Bomb rarrjiny Thuniltr- nolls supported hr f.fghlnhm ajain the German air IMA .H nihc-RiJcn, Holland and, encountering heavy fighter nprKnIlion. knocked donn 13 of the enemy. RAF fillers carried out offtnsiic over Northern and H'fifcrn France. From all these operations. Ihe commun- ique said, nine Allied fljhtfrs filler! io return. The heavy attack on the PAH ic Calais area following ihe smaiii at Berlin last nlghl continued mosl sustained air offensive in hiitory and pave a January total 20 major attacks from Britain in uauas county officers said Ihc acalnsl Gprnwnr total be and possibly M? 125.000. Argentine Capitol Expecting Crisis MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay. Jan. 31 reports from Buenos Aires today said an Argentine gov- ernment crisis expected In the lext few days and that Gen. Arturo Sawson, recently-resigned ambas- sador to Brazil, had bcr-n denied pcrmi-dlon to return to Argentina. winter aeaiW German radio Iraiumlitcra shut down abrup'.ly tonight. a s.gn the RAF was putting in one By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor American sea and air force punishing Japanese mid-Pa cific outposts with the heavies bombardments of the war ex tended their attacks to Wake island, the Navy announced last night as Tokyo radio hint cd invasion forces were pour- ing into the Marshall islands Two squadrons of Coronndo Sea- planes, apparently making a round trip flight of around miles from either Mldwny or the Gllber Islands, bombed Wake Saturday night and returned without loss, n was the tenth raid on the former American Island, and the first since Oct. 5 when warships and planes blaslcd mstallatloas with more than Ions of explosives. Presumably It was a diversionary action for the nssault by Unitec States planes nnd warships on the 500 miles to the south Walcc Is a stepping stone In Ihc Japanese aerial supply route to th" Marshalls. Despite reports nf "fierce fighling" from the Tokyo radio, there was no indication from the fnlltrl Slates Naval com- mand that Ihc imprrrcdcnltrily heavy ralrls on Ihr Marshall! constituted an invasion. Radio silence hid direct word from American task forces which steam- ed into the heart of the mid-Pa- cific island chain to turn their guas on strong Japanese shore defenses Attacks by carrier-borne plnncs and land based bombers from the Gil- bert Islands were coordinated with the naval bombardment. Fourteen more Japanese ships, some oi which probably were carry- ing troops or supplies to the Mar- shalls, have been .sunk by United Set FACHIC, Pajf 13, Col, I THE WFATHFR r. s. nrrARTMi.xT or IOMMF.BCE wr.vTiir.R Arm.rsr AMI VICINITY: r.AST Vilr In r Jj'd' pt (n mile TEXAS: Co n II raise n. Col. No Loborers MEXICO CITY, Jan. 31- _ No Mexican agricultural no.-iters wi'.i be sent to Texas -for th- present." Robcvlo Mcdellin, chief of Hie labor mini.'try's concr.il rlduidurnt. said loday. i.nd la, i and U nd In .H.rjblr ,lo, di- P.M Sun I I C3 1 r.t I ft fil I f 1 W ss M S! I 19 9 Four Abilenians Officially Given As Jap Prisoners Four Abilene men tnd. others from-West Central Texas were of- ficially listed by the.War Depart; ment last night as prisoners of tht Japanese. Parents anil 'other rela- tives of the men previously-had re- ceived offidnl word of the situation. Abilenians listed is prisoners were; 2nd Lt. Owen J. Baggclt, son of Mr. and Mrs. John M. Bag- gett, 118 Cedar; Pvt. Arthur B. Clark, son of Mrs. Gwendolyn Clark, nn orange: Pvt. Hoy P. Kilpatrlclc, son of Mrs. Lou Ella Kllpatrick, Route 3; and Cpl. John W. Martin, son of Mrs. Oncola Pearl Martin, 425 Hickory. Also listed were Mnj. Hnrold O. Elkln, whoso wife, Mrs. Irene Lcoua Elkln, lives In Brownwood; Sgt. John C. llcnslcy, whose wife lives in Colcman; Pvt. Bruce M. Jones, son of Ernest L. Jones, Baird; and Pic. Weldon J. Woolen, son ol w. J. Woolen, Brownwood. The War Department nnmcd 122 Texaiis as prisoners, many of them from the 131st field artillery which was known as the Lost Battalion after the fall of Jnva. Rclallves of some of the men have received cards Irom Ihem written In the Japanese camps. Odd Politics Show In Senate Debate WASHINGTON. Jan. Republican defended and n Demo- crat President Roosevelt's blistering message to on soldiers' vote legislation loday as the Senate moved through another day of debate on the Green-Lucas bill to give service personnel a fed- eral ballot In this year's election. Senator Langer IH-ND) said he thought the president's message, denouncing us a "fraud" the state ballot, bill previously pnfscd by the Sc.iate, was "Justified and I com- mend him for his courage In frank- ly setting forth his views." Senator Gillette. al- though saying he would support the Green-Lucas bill, had previously spoken out against Ihe president's action In stepping Into the contro- versy just as important as Europe bui with negligible results." The Stilt Department said H Issued its summary tt prokiH "In ordtr that the public may be f.millar with eff.ris lo ob- from Japan fulfillment of its onderl.iHnr to Irtal Ameri- can nationals in its hands in accordance with humane and elvllbcd principles." There seems little question thai Ihe disclosures were Intended also to round out for the world the full Picture of Japan's barbarity to impress that acts ot cruelty were continued over the protests of the American government, to the hiih- est Tokyo authorities. Japan had solemnly promised to abide by the Geneva agreement on treatment of prisoners of war.