Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - December 31, 1944, Abilene, Texas
1194 5 194 5*^ 19451
1945-1945-1945 1945 J945-1945 5 1945
ear■m~~a ®he Abilene Sporter
SUNDAYWITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE'] Cif YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES’'-Bunn
VOL. LXIV, NO. 192
A TEXAS A*** NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 31, 1944—TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Associated Prest (AP) vmted Prut (VJ>J
PRICE FIVE CENTS
King George Names Regent for Greece
By JOHN A. PARRIS. JR.
* LONDON, Dec. 30—(AP)—King George II of Greece tonight announced appointment of Archbishop Damaskinos of Athens as Regent of his strife-torn country, taking a step generally regarded here as tantamount to relinquishing of his throne.
lo Gtc'it _ /
#The 54-year-cld monarch’s road I been rocky for years, and most observers in London's diplomatic quarters believe the Greek people, who are swinging to tile left, would vote against a monarchy in a plebiscite which is expected to be held. p\ppmntment of the Resent was announced in a Royal proclamation Issued after a statement in Athens that the Archbishop probably would assume his duties as Regent tomorrow
a The proclamation, stat I n e "hat the King had •'deeply considered the terrible situation’’ into which Greece had fallen, said he had resolved not to return lo the country '‘unless summoned bv a free and fair expression of national will and authorized Damaskinos to "take all steps necessary to restore order and tranquility."
The King, reported to have opposed the regency, was >elieved to Wive been convinced of the necessity W the measure by Prime Minister Churchill, who had just returned from Athens. Reliable sources said Churchill told the Greek King that a regency would be established by the government in Athens regard-A of his consent.
Establishment of a regency had been unanimously agreed upon by the all-party conference convened
See REGENT, Pf. 5. Col. 5
Tuscola Soldier Killed in Action
TUSCOLA. Dec. 30. — 'Spit — S-Sgt. Junior R. Rankin, husband of Mrs Verna Howard Rankin, Tuscola, was killed in action in
At Bas tog ne
By EDWARD KENNEDY PARIS, Sunday, Dee. 31-(API-Three German d ivisions have been hurled by Field Marshal Karl von Rundstedt at both sides of the Bastogne corridor held by Lieutenant General
Army after rescue of the Bastogne garrison, plows ahead to (jcorqe c patton's U. S. Third Army. a field dispatch reported last night, as American troops
cut off with a concentrated 1st Army drive from the Grand- g ^ ,, , : -a-. I a.!.-.
v'fr . r TM-
J Ch,,, Ii germany
TODAY S WESTERN FRONT WAR MAP—The 3rd
menil-Stavelot front, Nazis in advance positions in the east after cutting off nose of the Nazi push in the Cellos area. (NEA Telemap)).
1945 Rations Get All-Out Squeeze
hammered heavily all along the shrinking perimeter of the German bulge.
The hard-won corridor supply Bastogne was hit by two of von Rundstedt s divisions from the west and by a third from the east while in Bastogne itself U. S. artillerymen poured withering shellfire into the 16-mile-wide escape gap of the Germans' hour-glass shaped front and blasted areas where the Germans have been gathering for new thrusts.
______________________— — — —------ Th* renewed attacks—breaking
Camp Berkeley Commander to New Assignment
Col. George C. Nielsen, commanding officer of Camp Barkery, annaly Dec. 12. his wife has been In- j nounced Saturday afternoon he had firmed. Sergeant Rankin’s par-
R-SGT. JUNIOR R. RANKIN
received orders to proceed some time next week to headquarters. Fourth Service Command, Atlanta, Ga.
The new camp commander has not yet been announced.
Colonel Nielsen took the camp command last November, succeeding Col. Victor W. B. Wales, who had been commander since Oct. I, 1943.
On graduation from an officer training camp Colonel Nielsen accented a reserve commission as a second lieutenant in the Army Aug. 15, 1917, and accepted an appointment in the regular Army May 20, 1918.
Before coming to Camp Berkeley last June he was personnel director for the Eighth Service Command. Dallas. Prior to that he had served as staff officer of the 95th and 106th infantry divisions.
He was the fourth camp commander since Barkeley was occupied by troops early in 1941, Col. Fay W. Bi absoil was the first. SUC
HY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS WASHINGTON, Dec. 30.—Further home-front belt tightening was decreed toda>. topped by the news that civilians no longer will get two pairs of shoes a rear, and will get less poultry. At the same time. a broad hint was dropped that still more is to come.
The Office of War Mobilization I-———
and Reconversion announced that’
Director James F. Byrnes in his first official report next week will make suggestions for consideration of Congress to "assure all-out mobilization during 1943, or as long as demands from the front require such mobilization." The report comes Monday night. j
The statement from Byrnes* office came on top of these actions:
By the Office of Price Administration—an announcement that no new shoe coupon probably will be validated "until some time next summer," sharply reducing the present two-pairs-a-year schedule.
By the War Production Board —an order for a halt, effective Sunday, in the manufacture of civilian ammunition. Manufacturers’ storks were frozen pending issuance of distribution order expected to cut off hunters’ supplies.
By WPB—restrictions on recap ping use of Grade A camelback
Livestock Men Charge OPA Misrepresented
WASHINGTON. Dec. 30. — bP* —
Dp in arms against proposed ceiling poker stage."
Allied Command Shakeup Predicted By London Press
LONDON, Dec. SO—F*—Reports that a shake up of the Allied Command on the Western Front was imminent were displayed prominently today by the London afternoon press. One military commentator declared that an official statement covering some aspects of the regrouping of the Allied C ommands and \rmies was expected shortly.
The London "Evening News" de-1-------
dared flatly that "important changes in the organi/a’ion of the Allied Supreme Command on the Western Front ar* imminent."
The "Evening Standard" reported. "the big re-group Is on." and quoted a Refers military correspondent as saying, "the second phase of Marshal Karl von Rund-stedt's offensive has reached the
prices on live cattle, livestock men brought their protests to the capital today with one asserting an OPA official has misrepresented the cattlemen’s views.
They had expected to present their case this morning to Stabilization Director Fred M. Vinson who will decide the question of whether to . | impose the ceiling prices, favored by OPA but opposed by the War Food which will deny tt'tom'otorlstTThiy Administration. Howey*r had
will hate to use Grade C. which in- »e*th" held dp.u!,evera cattltmcn dudes some reclaimed lubber. The Wn* h're a"d ]?e inference was Grade A goes to truck tires of 7.50 Postponed until Monday.
The London pres* ried reports from Washington that an American i gijor general had been recalled from France and demoted, but not because of the German counteroffensive.
Despite the set-back suffered by the Allies in Belgium, there appeared to be no disposition here to question the ability of General Eisenhower to control the situation. The
tnt* are Mr. and Mrs. C. R Rankin of Odessa, formerly residents \W Tuscola.
Sergeant Rennin entered the service Oct. 6. 943 and received train- . ing at Camp Gruber, Okla.. and at| by Col. Hem. A. rind).
Fan Antonio. He went overseas in November, 1943. After spending month in Africa, he was sent to Italy, where he has been stationed since He was wounded in July, 1944. hut recovered firm his wounds ani returned to aition.
During the first two weeks of October of this year, the .sergeant was Alo rte cl missing in action, but his t ile was informed on October 16 that he was accounted for.
Sergeant Rankin was home on furlough in September. 1943. before he went overseas in November. He born in Rising Star, and at-imdcd school there and at Tuscola.
He hac a two-year-old daughter,
Others surviving Sergeant Rankin arf four sisters, Mrs, Lani°
Mar Bams of Lawn, Mrs. Marcene
inches and up.
By Byrnes himself—flat refusal to modify his request that racing end January 3.
By the War Manpower Commission—an announcement that race track employment will be limited to enough workers to keep the plants from "falling apart" and those must be handicapped or elderly persons not subject to manpower controls. Because tin supplies are short. WPB forbade further manufacturers’ sales of jewelry or similar articles containing tin and announced that retail sales will be "virtually prohibited" after March I.
On the other side of consumer See RATIONS Pg. 5, Col. S
retains the preylgo lie won in North Africa, Italy and the smashing success of the Normandy invasion G. Ward Price. Sunday “dispatch" war correspondent, just returned from the Western Front, declared that the setback "should bring about changes which, before it occurred, were already known to be
See SHAHI I P. Pg 5, Cal. 3
Texas Streams Rise
HOUSTON Dec 30 TV-Major streams in the coastal area of East Texas were riding toriav and the Trinity river is expected to reach Director J. Edgar Hoover of the I a flood stage of 25 feet tomorrow Federal Bureau of Investigation as tile Weather Bureau promised warned the nation today to be on continued rains through tomorrow the alert for renewed enemy-di- and r slight drop in temperature rected sabotage attempts. . i for Houston and vicinity Monday.
P. O. Wilson, secretary of the Joint Livestock Committee, in a statement accused John J. Madigan, assistant director of OP A’s food branch, of "‘misrepresentation.'’ He said meetings held at Kansas City and Chicago earlier tills week on the ceiling question were supposed to be secret, at OPA’s request, but that Madigan had made statement* concerning them.
FBI Warns Nation Against Sabotage
WASHINGTON. Dec 30—(Ti—
MacArthur Tells Japanese Loss in Leyte
GE SERAL Al a c \ R T II I R S HEADQl ARTERS. Philippines. Dec. 31 (—Sunday) —:—Total Japanese
lone* In the Leyte campaign ha ie reached 116,770. General Douglas MacArthur’* communique said today. Tim included 601 enemy dead counted in the last 24 hours.
The resume of the enemy losses showed the destroyed Japanese 35th Army comprised four divisions, elements of two more and special naval forces.
MacArthur declared the campaign ended Christmas Day when ills troops raptured Palompon, the last enemy poi’i of escape.
Since then mopping up operations have continued against remnants of the Japanese force
The communique said Japanese attacked a Mindoro bound American Convoy off Panty island lh** night of December 28-29.
(Tokyo radio Yesterday broadcast a claim that Japanese planes in three days of attacks on a 50 ship convoy headed for Mindoro had sunk ten transports and a PT boat mid had damaged two transports, a cruiser and one destroyer > MacArthur’* communique said that eight of the attacking planes had been shot down. No mention was made of convoy lasses.
Patrol planes from newly established American iields In tile cento* open Monday beearn* of the New (raj Philippines continued hara.ss-Year's holiday, it was announced mg raid on enemy fields on Luzon yesterday. island, 'die communique said.
jam E. Walker Killed in Action
BUFFALO GAP. Dec 30 Bpi > Private William E. Walker. 19-vear-old Robert Lee rancher, many of whose relatives reside In this community, was killed in action in France November 9 while fighting with the 3d Infantry Division of the 7th Army, his parents were informed.
Private Walker had been listed as missing in action as of November 9 in a message received several weeks ago bv hi* parents.
When he. entered tile Army in upreme Allied commander j December. 1943, Walker, although
in his teens, owned a thousand head of sheep, several head of cattle and horses and had under lease himself 1.440 acres of grazing land.
Ho was the only child of Mr. and Mrs. J. S Walker, well-known ranchers of Coke count! He had trained at Camp Blanding and Camp Meade before going overseas last July
His moi her la a daughter of tile late Mrs. Martina Knight member of one of the first families to settle here.
Closed New Years
The driver's Iii ense division of the Department of Public Safety will not
a four-dar lull—came »* Lieutenant General George S. Patton* hard-driving forre* broadened their front along the south of the German bulge to nrariv 50 mile* struck west of Bastogne. snared supply roads and threatened to rut off enemy armor thrust to within 23 mile* of Sedan at Lihramont.
American rounter-blow* had rewon nearly one-third of the territory overrun In the German*' surprise counter-offensive, badly narrowing the maneuvering ground for von Rundstedt'* three armies.
Previously. Supreme Headquarters had reported under the 36-hour security black-out that by yesterday morning one Third Armv force drove into Moircy, ll miles west of Bastogne and but four and a half mile* southeast of St. Hubert, where another American garrison has been making a small-scale Bastogne-lika stand and holding off far larger forces.
Von Rundstedts westernmost positions were being assailed by Lieu- * tenant General Courtney H. Hodges* jesurgent First Army, which fought in the streets of Rochefort. 24 miles northwest of Bastogne, and plastered the German lines with shells.
As the battle rose Tn fury the enemy fought back with mortars and artillery, bent on holding the town to the last.
< Brussels radio, often optimistic, said Rochefort had fallen and a violent tank battle raged near the town. This was without official confirmation.
Patton'* forre* had been ripping apart the German positions on both side* of the Ba*togne corridor, and von Rundstedt threw In reinforcemcnt* iii a strong bid to stop advances in this salient.
Ne> easily for action was multiplied by the American artillery commanding his east-west routes of supply or retreat In the 16 miles between Manhay on the north flank and Longchamps I — titre* miles north of Bastogne— there are but two good highways. There are two railroads but the Germans never succeeded in clearing them.
I he Midden appearance of Patton'* far-ranging force* in .Moircy .spelled trouble for the Germans, who had captured Lihramont and dug in there against attack* from the south-
Kee HARTOG NE. Pg. 5. Col. 5
RUDOLPH HESS FLEW TO GREAT BRITAIN ON SELF-STYLED HUMANITY MISSION
lite, Opal and Wander Rankin, nil
r. * DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE a A ULA! MIR Bt REAU
I VxBIEEN E AND VICINITY: Tartly
clnudv and Tooler Sunday and Monday.
llAST TEXAS—Partly cloudy, except cloudy with occasional rain near the C oast and in extreme East port;on. Cooler in interior Sunday. Monday partly cloudy and cool.
WEST TEXAS—Partly cloudy Sunday and Monday. Not 'nuch chance in tem-t'Wattire*.
Rat. - Eri. AM 4k 41 44 44 43
I . .
X* . .
34 ........ 2
:il ........ .t.
;t I ........ 4
.41 ........ 3
34 ........ fi
37 . ..... *
a r d low rn.. Sd and 44.
hgh and 'ow I* #rd 34.
sunset la vt night: 0 14 Sunrise th I * morning Sunset tonight. 6.45.
4ft 4ft 4 ti 4K SO HiKh
53 ft ft SH
54 32 ftft 49
- I ri. P M • 48
- ft ti
temperatures to 9 p. same date last year:
'When Rudolf Hrs* made bis sctisa tional flight from Germany to Britain i-i 1941. Louis Lochner was chief cf the Associated Pre s bureau in Berlin. Now m London, Lochner has assa.' cd the story anew against the background of information he hcd at the time but was prevented from reporting bv German censorship. Here are his conclusions and findings. The Editor
Bv LOUIS P. LOC ll NLR LONDON— (AP) —Ruchilf Hess, contrary ta the opinion which I found almost universally accepted in America, came to Britain on a sell-styled “mission of humanity” j on May IO, 1941, without the knowledge or approval of Adolf Hitler.
This came categorically and unequivocally. from a high British government source.
A comparison of data available to Whitehall with the circumstantial evidence available to American correspondents stationed in ermany at the time oG Hess’ flight fur-1 thor established that Hitler’s longtime -secrctar,! * and ’atcr deputy Fuehrer was inspired and backed by Professor Karl von Haushofer, an expert on geopolitics, and VV ii I y Mess er-schmitt, builder >f Germany's best fighter planes.
Efforts to see He«>s, whom Unw well in Germany, were unavailing on the grounds that the
lies* chapter is dosed and because. authorities say, he probably couldn't talk coherently if interviewed.
I was informed that lie has considerable latitude of movement-under guard of course—to take .strolls and enjoy fresh air. He is tn ated as a prisoner of war of high rank, has reasonably good rations and periodically is visited by a representative of the Swiss legation to whom he can address complaints.
Rumor has it that he is somewhere in Wales, but officials would not confirm this.
The Ministry of Information first met my request to clarify whether or not llcss came a* Hitler'* agent with, “what difference docs it make? Hi* plan was so impossible that it is immaterial who sent him. We knew Hitler was preparing war on Russia and hence discounted Hess' assertion that the Fuehrer had no designs on Russia nor aimed at world domination.’’ Countering, I pointed out that in America every reporter, radio commentator or lecturer w ho was in Germany at the time of Hess' I light is asked "what about Hess? Was hr sent by Hitler?"
I also pointed out that even when we presented our circumstantial evidence of Hitler's lack of knowledge of his deputy’s plan, most persons listened politely but were not convinced. The MOI official now grew definitely interested "What was that evidence?"
Since German censorship at the time prevented my reporting that evidence. I incorporate it her* to round out the complete picture of
the case The belief that Hitler Ila ti nothing to do with Hess' flight rested on these considerations: First. Hitler placed a high value on the lives of his most intimate followers and would not have permitted Hess to go on a solo flight. He would have sent a co-pilot along. Second, if Hitler had not
been caught offguard, he would not have issued the silly story that Hess had been subject to frequent mental aberrations. Only a few days earlier, on May I, 1941, Hitler had deputed Hess to present the highest civilian medals at Augsburg to airplane-builder Mcsxerxchmitt and people’s ear designer Ferdinant
No Reporler-News Edition Will Be Published Jan. I
The Reporter-News will not be published on Monda’ Jan I. New' Year’s Day. Both the Morning and Evening editions will be skipped.
This action on the part of the publishers is made necessary by strict newsprint rationing by the War Production board.
During 1944 all generally observed holidays were chosen as days on which to skip publication as a means cf conserving newsprint supplies. The same practice w ill be followed in 1945 and so long a newsprint is rationed.
There still exists a critical shortage of paper, and we take this means of urging you to save this paper and all waste paper anc! turn it in during the waste paper drive each month. You will greatly help the war effort by doing this.
Remember, no paper next Monday, January I.
The business office will be closed all day Jan. I,
The editorial offices shall be open after 3 p.m.
the pre*.* or radio. Such treat-mrn wa* accorded only one other .op Nazi, Ernst Roehm, after tile notorious purge of June 30. 1934.
Other high Nazis at times tailed in missions, were disavowed by Hitler and sometimes were demoted bm their party membership remained unquestioned and they continued to be regarded as loyal Nazis Not so Hess and Roehm.
At that point, the ministry of information officer now? changed tack "Your deduction* are absolutely right," lie told me, "from all Hess said and revealed our government is firmly convinced that tile deputy Fuehrer came without Hitler * knowledge and approval. \ny other conjecture is excluded."
To make doubly sure. hr called tho Whitehall Foreign Office which confirmed this point What seemed not quite dear to the British government was the question whether Hess thought out Ills scheme by Hitler nor Joseph nimself 01 wether others in Cer
in DOLPH HESS
Edgar J. Helton Wounded in Adion
T-JSgt. Edgar J. Helton, serving with an infantry division of the First Army in Germany, has been wounded in action, he wrote his wife, the former Alma Beasley, 874 Victoria street, In a letter dated December 18
He wrote from a hospital, but did not give the location, and did not mention tile extent of his injuries.
Overseas since March, Sergeant Helton has been in action sine# June 12 when he was engaged in operations in France. He entered service October 14, 1943.
One Mail Delivery To Be Made Jan. I
One mail delivery will be made Monday in the residential .section and will leave the post office in the morning. Paymaster O. A. Hale announced Rural routes and the business district will not be serviced.
Complete window service will be given fiom 8 to IO a. rn
This Global War—
6EE DISPATCHES ON PAGE FINE
Also, neither Goebbels would have laid themselves open to the much-heard, sub rosa comment:
"If the second man In tile Reich has been crazy all this time and we didn’t know it, what about our top man?"
Third, Hitler* treatment of the Hrs* case from the party standpoint indicated that his deputy had acted without hi* knowledge and approval. Hitler ordered Hess name “Ausge-loescht"—wiped out—from thr party record* and forbade all mention of him thereafter in
many were behind it.
On this point, it should be noted that Hess never showed great mental capacity In Germany but was regarded merely Hitler's
most faithful personal aide who stolidly carried out orders but never gave evidence or originating constructive ideas.
On the other hand it was known that Hess had an affection for and faith in von Haushofer amounting to almost to the worshipful. Von Haushofer was an aole military and politico - economic scientist who
See HESS. Fg. 5, Col. 4
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