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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - December 31, 1938, Abilene, Texas WEST TEXAS' #WN MEWSMPCRAbilene Reporter -NietosWITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKF I CH VOUK WORLD EXACTLY AS If (*OIS. -B\ri n. VOL. LVIII, NO. 213. AiMrlild rm« (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 31, 1938. —TWELVE PAGES. CDM Pf*As (HT) PRICE FIVE CENTS. AS POSSIBLY DOMINANT FIGURE OF NEW CONGRESS— Garner Moves To Swing THEY DO 'IMPOSSIBLE'—JUST IN FUN Urges Spending Curb And Local Control In Relief Justice’s Wife New Deal To Right Pleads Guilty To Smuggling WITH MORE IMAGINATION, MAN-LIKE CHIMP COULD TALK RICHMOND, Va, Dec. 30— If the chimpanzee, the nearest living relative of man among the apes, had a little bit more imagination it would develop human speech. Dr. Robert H. M. Yerkes of Yale university told the American Association for the Advancement of Science today that chimpanzees in his labora tory simulate young children In their activities. They communicate with each other by various positions in standing and sitting, by gestures and sounds and are well understood by each other, as shown by their cooperation in activities requiring more than one individual. If two of these ape-children, Wallace, Hopkins Rayburn Trek To His Capital Suite WASHINGTON, Dec. 30 — ( FOR PARITY WITH BRITAIN (AP) one well-fed and the other one very hungry, are put Into the same cage the hungry one can always get the help of the other to help pull a box of food to the cage, thus simulating human behavior, Dr. Yerkes declared. The chimpanzees are also like human beings in the way they take care of their children, he added. Young "chimps** are cared for sol eitously by their mothers for the first few years of their lives. And, like human youngsters, they learn from each other as much or more than they learn from their parents. When one small chimpanzee in the colony learned how to steal a banana the rest of about the same age learned the trick within a few days. Authorities thought the U S. mint at San Francisco couldn’t be broken Into—but they changed their mind after these •Wo boys slipped in through a window. The boys are Paul Francis fright' and William Oallagher, both 15, shown In the Juvenile detention home. Their home Is a San Rafael, Calif., orphanage and they said their stunt was "all in fun,” (AP Telemat). Woman Burned Saving Children COOPER. Dec. 30—/Pi—Physl-1 dropped the children from a wln- .    hon* for th. life daw into the arms of Elwyn Burns clans abandoned hope for the life, ^ Q    neighbors Thf of Mrs. Effie Wa'klns, 38, who was    jumped safely from a win- burned In a Christmas tree fire dow, but Mrs. Watkins fled down the blazing stairs. after helping her maid drop her two children to safety from the second story of their home here today. The children, Margaret Jane, and Mary Jim. I*. wer* IU ^ bed. The maid, Resale Nelson, dragged a powder-dry Christmas tree past an open gas stove and it flared into flame. She pulled the burning tree down the steps and out of the house, setting fire to the stairway. The maid and Mrs. Watkins then Physicians said she received third-degree burns over 85 per cent of her body, and said they had no hopes for her recovery. Mrs. Watkins is the wife of J. R. Watkins, president of the Delta National bank of Cooper. Margaret Jane was sick with pneumonia and Mary Jim with measles. The younger child was slightly burned about the arms and head, but the other was not In Jured. The house was badly damaged. Hijack Fear In Disappearance Disappearance December 21 In San Antonio of James Phillips, Abilene truck operator, remains a puzzling mvstery to his parents, Mr. and Mrs. R. R Phillips, 933 Pine street, and to his wife, who lives at 925 Pine. Reports late yesterday were that Phillips was being held in Houston but an Associated Press report to the Reporter-News failed to .confirm this. Phillips left his home here three weeks ago Friday. His abandoned truck was found in San Antonio December 21 and since then Phillips has been unheard from. His hat was found in the truck. Phillips* mother believes her son was hijacked and robbed and since has been held captive. She says her son ahd considerably money with him at the time of his disappearance. At least, he usually carried from $50 to $200 or $300, she said. "James never drinks and there was no reason for his disappearing. We believe he has been doped and is being held prisoner,’’ Mrs. Phillips said. The youth's father is now' in San Antonio, renewing ’a search begun last week. An elder brother left last night and will join the father in a determined hunt for the missing man. Call Bids On Area Highway Projects AUSTIN. Dec. 30.—i/P)—The first contract letting of the new year proposed for Jan. 21 and aggregating an estimated $3,000,000, was announced by the highway department today. Engineers said bids would be called provided all right of way has been secured. Secondary projects included: Jones, feeder road, grading drainage from Fisher county line to Hamlin. McCulloch, feeder road grading, drainage and select mate rial from Brady southwest 5.5 miles to near Davis school. Comanche, feeder road, Sabine creek bridge near DeLeon. KEA Grants Rotan Cooperative Funds WASHINGTON, Dec. 30. — (ZP) — The Rural Electrification administration announced today allotments totaling $8,037,500 for 62 precinct In 22 states. Midwest Electric Cooperative as-lociation, Rotan, Tex.: $137,000 for 155 miles to serve 352. 37 Commission Workers Fired AUSTIN. Dec. 30—J*—Discharge of 37 state railroad commission employes, effective Sunday, was announced today by Commissioner Lon A, Smith and Commissioner-Elect Jerry Sadler. Sadler and Smith replaced 15 of the employes and abolished Jobs held by the other 22 in an economy campaign which Sadler said would continue. Most of today s discharges were in the oil and gas division but some were In the Austin office of other xiivLsions. The four-man Marshall office of the oil and gas division was abandoned, with the records to be transferred to the Kilgore office. Eighteen Austin jobs were abolished. There were four personnel changes each in the Dallas and Abilene dLstricts of the oil and gas division, three in the Palestine district, two in the Wichita Falls district and one in tile Midland office. Sadler announced that Lois Browning of Tyler would be his secretary after he takes office Sunday. Mrs. Wilma O'Neal has been secretary to out going Commissioner C- V. Terrell. Four Lose Jobs Here; Two Hired Affected here by the wholesale shakeup in railroad commission employes yesterday were Luther Belew, district deputy supervisor; Vernon Thomar, assistant deputy supervisor; Opal Dillingham; and Ike J. Killough, who had charge of the office at Eastland. Sim O’Neal of Lubbock is to replace Belew\ and R. L. Westbrook of Gainesville is 'to take Thomas' See JOBS, Pg. 3, Col. 7 - Vice President John Nance Garner, stepping out today as a leading if not dominant figure of the coming congress, started what looked like a high-powered drive to swing the new deal to the right. BARKLEY DESERTED Four days before the opening of the session, his spacious suite in the senate office building was the center of all congressional activity, i the scene of conferences dealing with the moment's lively subjects of legislation. And the word went round that "Cactus Jack” was urging, among other things, that brakes be applied to government expenditures and that local communities be given more control over spending of relief funds. Just around the corner from Garner’s suite, the office of Senator Barkley (D-Ky), the democratic leader, was barren of callers. Barkley worked away at a revision of the state's democratic committee assignment. trying to evolve a list that would suit conflicting ambitions of all senators of his party. A democratic caucus was called for tomorrow to give approval to Barkley’s selections and to name him again as democratic floor leader. Hts only passible opponent, Senator Harrison (D-Miss . withdrew today In the interest of party harmony. But it was Garner’s office that newsmen watched, and they saw the unusual spectacle of two members of the cabinet, the mayor of New York and tile leader of the majority in the house calling on a man whose office, by all the traditions of American politics, is one of futile gavel rapping. THESE CALL Garner, in whose behalf an Influential Texas group recently started a presidential boom, was in high good spirits. As he received the following callers: Secretary Wallace, whose crop control bill of last year has had rough sledding, due to the year’s unusual yields of wheat and corn and the refusal of tobacco and rice farmers to accept marketing quotas proposed by his department. Secretary Hopkins, just appointed to the head office of the commerce department, after taking a critical bombardment as head of the Works Progress administration. (Work relief is a foremost congressional topic, and in addition Hopkins’ nomination must be passed on by the senate ) Mayor Fiorello LaGuard.a of New York. here to see that his city gets substantial recognition when relief funds are apportioned. And Representative Rayburn (D-Tex). the democratic leader in the house. “It looks,” said one veteran observer of congressional affair,” as though Jack’s the man to see this year.” Meanwhile, there were discussions of legislative possibilities elsewhere. principally Taxes. "I don’t think there will be a general tax revision bill this year,’’ See GARNER, Pf. 3. Col. 7 Germany To Build Subs PRETTY WITNESS Iran Breaks With Frante-AII Because Words For Cat And Shah Sound Alike Escape Clause I In Pact Invoked Britishers Fear U-Boat Threat At Merchant Ships BERLIN, Dm. 30—(AP) — Germany informed Great Britain today that §he intended to build up to parity with the British fleet 12 submarines, | the dreaded German world war weapon which way completely banned by the treaty of Versailles. When Germany signed a naval treaty with Britain in 1935 she agreed to limit her shiny new u-boat fleet—which has sprung from no- ORANGE, Dec. 30—OF—Quick work by rescuers saved seven persons where in the last three years to 45 from drowning in two automobile accidents that claimed two lives near per cent of Britain’s submarine ton- the same place on the Charles highway two miles east of here last PARIS Dec 30—OPS—The Shah of Iran broke off diplomatic relations with France today in indignation over a Paris press incident revolving about the fart that “shah” and “chat,’ the French word for "cat,” sound alike. The shah feels he was insulted by a headline in a Paris newspaper of Nov 3 in connection with an annual cat show, and by the title over a lay-out of pictures of the show The headline said:    "SMLe chat recoil en son salon (his majesty the cat receives in his drawing room)” and the picture caption "quand Ie chat est roi (when the cat Is king).** The Iranian minister Sepah Bod!, said in a call at the foreign office announcing the diplomatic breach that his shah did not like being confused with cats. Rescuers Save 7 From Drowning Noel Carter, pretty actress and entertainer, smiles as she arrives to testify before a New York federal grand jury. Jurors heard testimony about a $5,000 party which W. P. Maloney, assistant U. 8. attorney, said William P. Buckner gave for congressmen. (AP Telemat). The Weather Give Livestock Arena To City Building Firm Chairman Fixes Value At $7 500 The livestock arena and auction building at the Fair Park, a structure made possible through the gift of $5,000 by Sears, Roebuck Si Co., early this year was formerly presented to the city of Abilene Friday afternoon. Tire presentation was made by W. J. Fjlwiler, who served as chairman of the building company, and C. A [McGaughey, local manager for Sears. Fuiwiler presented a full financial statement on the project, on which the National Youth administration furnished unskilled labor The project was city sponsored, but the Scars gift to Abilene provided all funds needed. When more skilled labor than was anticipated had to be provided, Sears provided an additional $400. The building is yet to be wired, but nage. The pact with Britain, however, recognized Germany’s right to par-1 tty, and there was an escape clause which permitted the reich to build beyond the 45 per cent "in the event of a situation arising which in its (the Oerman governments) opinion makes it necessary.” Today’s announcement means Germany intends to more than double her present submarine tonnage of about 31.000 tons, in construction or complete, since Britain's is about 70,000. (London political observers felt Germany’s demand was a hard Jolt to Prime Minister Chamberlain’s appeasement policy.) (British naval circles feared Germany was building a vast fleet of ingenious "minnow” submarines in preparation for a possible war of destruction against merchant shipping ) The British and German admiralties are discussing the matter in the light of naval treaties existing between Berlin and London. Parity with Britain in submarines presumably would not alter the limitation of Germany's total naval tonnage to 35 per cent of Britain’s, as specified by the 1935 pact. Germany apparently desires also to build more 10.000-ton cruisers She is limited in this class to three by a supplementary 1937 treaty with England, provided, though, that soviet Russia builds no more than five. This matter has been raised by the Germans, although just what they want is not clear. Holiday Mishap Claims Second night and today.    _    ^ Alvin Granger, middle-aged Orange truck driver, pulled five persons to safety from a submerged coupe late last night after smashing the glass in the door of the machine with his feet. Thnsp he saved were Mr. and Mrs E. A. Slocum, Mrs. .Slocum's children, Louis Hanson, 6, and Harry Joe Hanson, 3, snd O. W. Loving, all of Baton Rouge, La. All but Loving were seriously injured. A fisherman and four passers-by Joined forces in the second acc! dent, IOO feet from the spot where last night’s occurred to save the Ives of two persons trapped when their automobile bounded through the guard rail of a bridge after striking a chuck hole. Killed outright in this accident was George Brown, 65, of Dayton. Tex. Miss Cecil Brown, 25, was drowned. Arthur Duhon, who was fishing from a boat nearby, Henry Stanfield, Tony Marziento, E. A Fuller and S. Quinn Simar of Orange were the rescuers. The first three forced their way Into the automobile and carried the victims to the surface. The others pulled them to the bridge deck by a rope. Mrs. George Brown and a son were those rescued. Both were injured, and suffering from exposure. The group was returning to -their home in Dayton from a trip to Milry, Ala. Mayor W. E. Lea of Orange said he would seek a Carnegie medal for Granger. Slocum was taking Loving to Lufkin, where Loving’* daughter was reported to have been seriously injured in an automobile accident. Penalty To Be Imposed After Chaperau Trial NEW YORK, Doc. 30—(AP) —The wife of ftate supreme court Justice Edgar J. Lauer pleaded guilty to smuggling late today and faced a maximum penalty of eight years is prison and $25,000 fine. CHANGES PLEA Leaning on the arm of a nurse, Mrs. Elma M. Lauer whispered to Federal Judge John C. Knox that she wished to change her plea from innocent to guilty. By her plea the elderly, dignified woman, considered one of the best dressed in New York, admitted conspiring with Albert N Chaperau, ex-convict, to smuggle Parisian finery valued at $1,833 Into this country. Assistant U. S. Attorney Joseph Delaney said Mrs. Laaer bought articles in Parts and gave them to Chaperau to bring in duty free. The attorney said Chaperau falsely represented himself as an official of the Nicaraguan government, gaining diplomatic immunity from the usual baggage inspection, FREED ON BAIL Mrs. Lauer was freed In $1,000 bail and will not be sentenced until after the Chaperau trial. Federal agents raided her Park avenue apartment Oct. 27 and left with four large valises filed with clothing allegedly smuggled to her by Chaperau. At that time Justice Lauer divided the raid, saying. "Tbs troub^ appears to have been caused by an exaggerated and distorted story told by a discharged German maid. George Burns, of the comedy team of Burna and .Alien, pleaded guilty Dee. 12 to purchasing smuggled goods from Chaperau. Delaney said many radio ara movie stars had purchased goods from Chaperau, some innocently. His policy has been to question the buyers and. lf they offered satisfactory explanations, to release them. Abilene stores will be business as usual Monday, said Eddie Cockerel!, secretary of the Re- Bf mid J* TSSSl.TS Business As Usual Scheduled Monday open for ARii.t.Nic AM) VICINITY:    Mostly provide all materials. The city elec- ricMidy Saturday and Sunday    trician    with a helper for the Job EAST TE VAS: Stonily Howdy, rain on    ' lh* roast Saturday and on thr tipper roa-t WHI uO me worn Sunday, (irntlr to modrratr northerly to Fuiwiler pointed OUt that practl- eustrrlv wind* on tho mad. WEST TEXAS:    Fair, with mild prralurr Saturday and sunday. TEMPER VTI RES tony- A. M. 29 ..... in ..... 27 ..... 28 ..... 27 ..... 28 ..... 27 ..... 2S ..... se ..... ss ..... S7 ..... Midnight H iftheyt and HOI R I ... 2 .. . S . ( ...    5 « .. .    7 ... a ... « ... IO ... ll .so. Inwrat Noon trmprraturr* to 9 P. M. . 48 . +5 . to .    46 . 40 • 43 . 41 . SP . S7 40 cally all materials had been purchased below the market price, giving the structure a value of $7,500 or more. A motion authorizing Mayor Will W. Hair to draw up a resolution of appreciation to Sears, Roebuck and Co., McGaughey, Fuiwiler and other members of the building committee was unanimously passed by commission. y. ■■■. yrstrrday, 47 and 28; iamr date a ‘ think JOU did a Wonderful yrar ago, 62 and SI; «un*rt yraterday, I job,” Mavor Hair told McGaughey S:44; iiunrltir today, 7:40; aunart today, 8:48. SWEETWATER, Dec 30 —(Bpi.) —R. c. Binnion died in a Sweetwater hospital tonight of injuries suffered in a head-on automobile collision near here Christmas morning in which his wile was killed. Funeral arrangements were announced tonight. The body is at the Yates Funeral home. The fatal accident occurred at I o'clock Christmas morning east of Sweetwater near the Junction of the Bankhead highway and the lake Sweetwater road. The Binnions had just left their Sweetwater home en route to Fort Worth to spend Christmas day with relatives. Buford Bryan. Roscoe, driver of the other car. was uninjured. The Binnions had lived in Sweetwater four years. Their four children, Bobbie, ll. Mary Ann, 9, Billie, 6, and Jimmie, 4. survive. Billie was uninjured in the mishap, while the others received minor hurts. Mrs. Binnion, who was killed instantly in the wreck, was buried in Fort Worth Monday. Goebbels Able To Make Talk Tonight BERLIN. Dec. 30 —UP)— The propaganda ministry said tonight Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels had recovered sufficiently from his recent illness to make a New Year’s address icmorrow night. DNB (German official new* agency) announced Dec. 23 that Goebbels had fallen ill with acute k tin a1 grippe. Little has been hea. from the usually active minister since then. Athenian Is Uncle Of UT President day, correcting an impression that had gained some headway. "There had been some agitation for a holiday,” Cockerel! reported, j fcjh Frontier), Dec. 30— uP)—Spanish "but tile majority were against it,” government troops launched a Abilene merchants traditionally counter-attack near Lerida against Loyalists Attack Against Offensive H ENDA YE, France (At The Span- Reorganization Of Jap Cabinet Looms TOKYO, Dec. 30—(JP)—A third major reorganization of the 18-months-old cabinet of Premier Prince Fumimaro Konoye loomed tonight as a split developed over the internal application of wartime policies. The premier himself and Home Minister Admiral Nobumasa Suyet-j sugu, an outspoken advocate of 1 fascism, were reported to be leaders ! of contending factions in the ministry. Bests for • visit of Dr. Homer Price Rainey, new university of Texas president, to Abilene in the future was found last night. J. E. Price, principal of the Americanization school here, la a blood uncle of Dr. Rainey “Why, yes, we know Dr. Rainey,” Mrs. Price said last night. "He stayed with us for three years when he was about ll years old. Afterward we were next door neighbors to them for years when we lived in Elias-ville.” Dr Rained‘s mother is a sister of Price. After his graduation at th# university of Texas, Dr. Rainey carnie back to Eliasville and lived for several years. The Prices lived about seven miles from them then. observe four holidays, and these do not innude New Year’s. The list is composed of July 4, Armistice day, Thanksgiving day, and Christmas. I and Fuiwiler. Giles Takes Oath AUSTIN. Dec. 30 — (*> — In a the | hospital bed where he is convalescing from a pneumonia attack, Land Commissioner-Elect Bascom Giles today took the oath of office. His term begins Sunday. Newspaper Notes Parallels In Text— COUGHLIN'S 'DEFENSE OF NAZIS' BORROWED FROM GOEBBELS? NEW YORK, Dec. 30—UP)—The New York Post says today that the Rev. Charles E. Coughlm of Detroit published, on Dec. 5, a "Defense cf Naziism in his weekly ‘Social Justice’ ” which had excerpts ’’closely parallel” to a speech delivered some three years ago by Paul Joseph Goebbels, German minister of propaganda. "Excerpts from the Coughlin article,” the paper adds, "and the Goebbels speech are so closely parallel that the only conclusion to be drawn is tnat Father Coughlin I borrowed heavily from Goebbels’ speech: "Goebbels—on April 30, 1919, In the courtyard of the Luitpold gymnasium in Munich, ten hostages among them one woman, were shot through the backs, their bodies rendered unrecognizable and taken away. This act was done at the order of the communist terrorist, Agelhofer, and under the responsibility of the Jewish soviet commissars, Levien, Levine-Nissen and Axrirod.” "Coughlin—on April 30, 1919, in the courtyard of the Luit-pcld gymnasium in Munich, ten hostages, among them one woman, were murdered. This act was perpetrated by the direct order of the communist terrorist Agelhofer, and under the responsibility of the Jewish soviet commissars, Levien, Levine-Nissen and Axelrod.” "Goebbels—x x x Almost without exception, the intellectual leaders of Marxist atheism in Germany were Jews, among them being Erich Weiner:. Felix Abraham, Dr. Levy-Lenz and others.” "Coughlin—x xxx Almost without exception, the intellectual leaders—if not the foot and hand leaders—of Marxist atheism in Germany were Jews xxx not good Jews but bad Jews: not Jews who opposed communism but Jews who supported it.” The paper continued with other the center of insurgent lines today , in an effort to split two wings of the offensive Generalissimo Francisco Franco in aiming at Barcel-i Ona, government capital, Insurgent reports reaching Ute border, however, said the advance of both Franco's northern column I against Artesa and the southern column beyond Granadella was increasing in intensity. Ickes Slates New Attack On Dies WASHINGTON, Dec 30 —T -Secretary Ickes announced today he would make a speech january 6 en-! titled "Playing With Loaded Dies.” It will be another attack on R“-presentative Dies (D-Tex>, cnair-; man of the house committee on un-Americanism Dies has charged Ickes with furthering radical activities, and ickes has accused the I congressman of conducting a biased inquiry. Editor Retires statements, which it described as excerpts from Goebbels* speech— CHICAGO, Dec. 30    </P) John P delivered on Sept. 13, 1935, as pub- Boughan, veteran market editor of lished in Munich in the “official ’he Associated press, retired today report of party day’—and from th0 after an active newspaper i Goughlin article. *    i    which    began    56    years    ago. career THIS IS FINAL! Office Open Until Midnight Tonight Don’t let this last minute opportunity pass TO SAVE MONEY ON YOUR SUBSCRIPTION. MAIL YOUR CHECK TODAY In order to take advantage of the BARGAIN RATE your check MUST BE in our office or IN THE MAIL before midnight tonight (December 31, 1938.) NOTE TO CITY SUBSCRIBERS IN ABILENE: Phone 7271 and we will send for your check. If you have already paid for the Morning OR Evening edition, it only costs a very little more to buy the other paper also for one year. For instance, if you have paid $7.95 for the Evening paper by carrier in Abilene, it will cost you only $4.65 mcue to buy the morning edition also for one year. PHONE 7271 AND ORDER BOTH PAPERS FOR NEXT YEAR. IN ABILENE: $7.00 $7.95 $12.60 BARGAIN RATE BY CARRIER MORNING EDITION, including Sundays, one year by carrier IN ABILENE (Regular rate 15c per week) EVENING EDITION, including Sundays, one year by carrier IN ABILENE (Regular rate 17c per week) .. COMBINATION—'BOTH PAPERS) Morning and Evening including Sundays, one year by carrier IN ABILENE (Regular rate 27c per week) ............ WEST TEXAS MAIL RATE MAIL SUBSCRIBERS SAVE OVER 30 TODAY Either paper, INCLUDING SUNDAYS, one year by    QA mail in West Texas (Regular rate $7 00 per year) ..    v ** ABILENE REPORTER-NEWS ;