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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - December 29, 1944, Abilene, Texas niUMAT, I "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT i fVOL. LXIV, NO. 190 A TEXAS NEWSPANi ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 29, 1944.-FOURTEEN PAGES Press (AP) VntttA Prut jV PRICE FIVE CENTS RUNDSTEDT ON RUN Sweetwater Field Converted to AAF (.1 Avenger Field at Sweetwater, w become a Second Air Force has -such as is the Abilene Army A field, it was learned last night. The AAP Plying Training Com mand is de-activating Aveng Fiejd as of December 31, said Lie tenant Colonel John Ward, lie Col. Harry com mander of Abilene'Army Air Fiel confirmed that the Second A force, of which the Abilene field AH P31'. will operate Avenger Fiel The Abilene Army Air Field is Second AAF Combat Training fie for fighter pijots. Avenger Field has been used th past two years by the Flying Train Command_ as the only trainin base for Women's Air Service P lots This organizatip was discontinued and the last grad uates given their wings there on recently.' Lieutenant Colonel Ward said h orders were to report for duty the Flying Training Comman headquarters in Fort Worth on Jan uary 1. Flying Training Command prop erty at Avenger Field 'is bein checked to the Second Air Force, was learned. No details were given, out b either Weddington or Uautenan Colonel Ward as to exact use to bi by Second Air Force of th Sweetwater field. Avenger Field has been steadl developed by the city of Swee1 water and the Army Air Force. Ex pendltures there have run into th -.hundreds of thousands of 'dollar ''until it has become one of th largest and finest air fields of th southwest. Jarmer, Cloudy Today's Forecas The official U. S. Weather Bureai forecast for today Is warmer bu still cloudy, with colder tempera tures creeping in on Saturday. Tern pcratures yesterday ranged from 3 to 36, the lowest period being from _6 to 9 a. m., the highest from 2 tc 9 p. m. At a. m. yesterday the preci pitation for the previous 24-hou period was .77 of an inch, with oal; a trace of rainfall after that. The years rainfall now stands at 25.37 pinches, contrasted with 18.49 inches "on the same date last year. Parts of Texas had snow which came too late for a white Christmas Plainview reported three inches o snow fell on top of a light coating of ice. The Weather Bureau report- light snow also at Amarillo, Pam- pa and Damart. Drizzles and light rain were re- ported over most other parts of the state. Stolen A truck belonging to A. W. Weav- er, 2126 Walnut, was reported to the Texas Hhlghway Patrol as having been stolen yesterday about 3 p. m Weaver stated that he parked 'the truck, which had both a black bed and body, behind the postof- fice while he went to the ration board. When he returned, his truck was gone. The commercial license number of the truck was 517758. New Air Service v DALLAS, Dec. Airways said today it would inau- i gurate on January 2 a new service Ppetween Colorado, Oklahoma and Texas and reinstate service between Oklahoma City and Amarillo. The Weather U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AM) VICINITV: Cloudy and not fitittf so ronl Friday. Saturday part- ly cloudy and colder. EAST TFX Cloud j. ralti In east not qtiftr: cool Friday. Furday partly cloudy, colder in north portion. WEST Mostly cloudy, not co l Friday. Sjturdxv partly nd south cloudy, colder in plains. TEMPERATURES Weil. A. M. P .It ,1 HOUR 1____ J.... ,A S3 Thars. Wed. P.M. 3S m .11.. and temperatures ,1.1 Maximu i'fstcrday: S3. Maximum and minimum a year ago: 4.1, 2R. Sunset last nlrht: Sunrise (hK mornlnjc Sunset tonight: Spendii 1944 Is Biggest ing Year In U.S. History WASHINGTON, Dec. 1944 the United States government collected more, spent' more, and bor- rowed more money than In any pre- vious year of its history. Uncle Sam established new world records which may stand up a long time. However, the amount by which spending exceeded income not set a record, and that's considered good news. It was still billion In 1943 it was 53 1-2 billion. An unofficial analysis of the daily Treasury statements through December 26 shows that in the cal- ender year 1944: Net receipts, mostly .taxes, will be nearly 45 billion Last year they were 34 1-2 billion. In pre-war 1939, they were about 5 billion. Total expenditures, not count- Ing several billions spent by government corporations, will hit 97 billion dollars. Last year they were 88 billion. In 1939: less than 10 billion. If you subtract the' net' receipts from the total expenditures, you ar- rive at the aforementioned deficit of 52 billion. Of the 87 billion. expenditures, war spending, amounted to about 89 billion. Adding 1 1-2 billion dollars, spent on. the way by" the Recon- struction Finance Corporation, the grand total of 1944 war costs is over )0 billion. The comparable figure for last year was around 85 billion To pay for the war, the gov- ernmenl Increased Its fabiic debt by a record-breaking 62 billion dollars. For the first time, three war loans were held in one year. The total debt, including obliga- ,lons guaranteed by the government, from 170 to 232 billion dollars. The greatest previous increase in he debt in any one year was 58 )illion last year. Borrowing of 62 billion in 1944 was enough to take care of the 52- 'illion deficit and, in addition, raise he net Treasury balance by 10 bil- ion. This balance was 12 billion a ago. It's about 22 billion now. By pure coincidence, government ipending this year was the same as stimated consumer million dollars. to More Ration nvalidations before March I WASHINGTON, Dec. 28 'he OPA offered assurances today lat no more red and blue food ra- on stamps will be Invalidated om- 1 at least March 1. "No termination date has been set ither for red or blue stamps vall- ated for the Agency aid in a statement. "They will ot be invalidated in January or ebruary." Asked whether eventual invalida- on will be preceded by a notice to ousewives, a spokesman said the gcncy was 'making no commit- cnte at this point, simply because ur plans are not yet formulated." BUDAPEST IN FLAMES LONDON, Dec. 29 Rus- sian troops, tightening their trap on invaded Budapest, yesterday hurled the enemy out of 12 east- ern suburbs two to four miles from the Hungarian capital as other mobile columns raced through the Danube valley to within 58 miles of Austria and 92 of Vienna. Budapest was partly in flames, shelled heavily by Russian artillery and its installations dynamited by an enemy which Berlin admitted had retreated Into the capital's "In- ner defenses." Soviet troops, fighting street by street through Buda, western half of the Danubian capital, were with- in nine miles of a cross-city junc- tion with other units slowly closing in on Pest, the eastern part of the city. At times junker transport planes attempted to fly in sup- plies as they did when Field Marshal von Paulus's army was encircled and smashed at Sta- lingrad, but Soviet dispatches said that Red Army planes do- minated the skies over the doomed city. On the eastern side of the capital ;he Russians were within two miles of the city limits, within six miles of the capital's heart, and also only bur miles from the eastern end of Vasuti bridge, one of six spans across the Danube connecting Buda and Pest. North of the city the Rus- sians also narrowed the nooee on a second body of enemy iroops surrounded in the Pilis hills, capturing Pillsszentkereszt in a mile and one-half advance through the forested uplands in the Danube loop. Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsy's Second Ukraine Army, striking hrough Hungarian-annexed Czech- oslovakia north the Danube, eached the Hron 0-mile, front from Leva (Device) down to the Danube. His men were within 05 miles east of Bratislava and 96 miles from Vienna. Below the river Marshal Feodor I. Tolbukhin's Third Ukraine Army drove 34 miles northwest of burn- ing Budapest along the main rail- way to Vienna, capturing Tovnros, only 63 miles southeast of Bratis- lava and 92 miles from Vienna. Coffee Quota Hiked WASHINGTON, Boc. The Inler-Americsn Coffee Board today substantially raised coffee quotas above the basic quotas to en- courage importation of coffee. The Coffee Beard ordered an emergency increase in the quotas for the United States market as of January 1, 1945, for three months to 200 per cent of the basis quotas. AS TOUGH AS HIS TANKS, LIEUTENANT GENERAL GEORGE S. "OLD BLOOD AND GUTS" PATTON delivers the lighting blow that sent Field Marshal von Rundstedt's snarling armies into a "withdrawal" operation on the Western Front today. Patton's Third Army troops- are reported to be battering down the enemy's offensive bulwarks on the south- ern flank. Stimson Calls Setback Situation 'Critical' Problem But Hopeful WASHINGTON, Dec. 2 Secretary Stimson, though describ- ing the present situation on the European front as ex- pressed confidence today that the Germans will eventually reap "dis- astrous consequences" from their gambling counteroffensive. War is no'c an easy game to play and you can't always win every bat- the War Secretary told a news conference, "but I am con- fident that we are winning and that time will reveal that this Ger- man throw of the dice will have dis- astrous consequences for him." The Secretary acknowledged that American efforts to stem the Ger- man drive have cost us "severe" casualties but asserted that the Nazi army, too, lias "taken hard )lows" in personnel and materiel osses. Indicating that the nHled high command is relying heavily on air superiority to throw back the Ger- mau thrust, he said that aside from the fighting spirit of our troops "no other factor in the present situation means so much to us as flying weather." In the five-day period beginning Saturday, he reported, Allied airmen destroyed 483 German planes and 507 armored vehicles and destroyed damaged In addition. 3.177 motor vehicles. Stimson said, enemy's marshalling yardo are the in? blown to bits." Saying that it was most "impor- tant to avoid falling into the Nazis' he praised the press and radio for "a rather remarkable at- titude in resisting what lie termed "the temptation to make violent criticism following any reverse." 'OLD BLOOD AND GUTS' BREAKS NAZI'S BACK By EDWARD KENNEDY PARIS, Friday, Dec. -Deep hacked by lightning blows from the U. S. Army under Lieutenant- General George S. Pat- ton, toughest and most ruthless of the American field commanders, the German winter offensive appeared today to have had its back broken. The German radio announced that field Marshal von Rundstedt's western and southern spearheads had been withdrawn "according to plan" as the result of furious counter-attacks by both the American First and Third Armies from the north, west end south. Former elements of the German northwest tip were cut off from their main body by Americans in that sector, where prisoners were taken and heavy losses inflicted. Long lines of prisoners also were being marched down roads on the Third Army front, where Patton was personally shouting orders to his soldiers as he directed the battle. Hammering gains up to 1G miles in six days through the wooded hills of Belgium and northern Luxembourg, Patton's powerful mobile army, punching up from the south, res- cued the heroic American garrison nt Bastogne and to the east beat back the German wave after it had swept to within 13 miles of Luxembourg's hard-driving Paiton, Amer- Marianas Hit By Jap Raiders U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEAD- QUARTERS, Pearl Harbor, Dec. 28 bombers raided the American Superfort base on Saipan and Tinian islands in the Marinas December 26 for the second time within three days, inflicting minor damage, a Navy communique an- nounced today. These attacks, in small force, were made from the enemy's low Jlma, base in the Volcanos, 150 miles north of Saipan, despite the heavy bombardments of Tow this month by American warships and the al- most daily raids by Yank planes, including Superfortresses. Fire planes made up the first raiding group, the communique said. There were only two tn iile second. Two of the raiders were downed by American fighter plnnes. The fact (hat the enemy employed only seven planes in his latest slashes at the Marianas indicates the difficulty he is having In staging these attacks from Iwo. FREE OF JAP ACTIVITY GENERAL MicAKT II 3K S HEADQUARTERS, PHILIPPINES, DCCJ Mindoro Is- land, recently invaded by U. S. lib- eration forces, has been freed of enemy air as well as activ- Valiant Men of Bloody Bastogne Spring Out of Trap a-Fighting By GEORGE TUCKER PARIS', Dec. first loads of heroic wounded have been moved down a mile-wide corridor from "bloody Bastog- and Allied headquarters announced today that American relief arnor and Lieutenant General Patten's Third held firm against German counterattacks on the flanks of the wedge. The valiant woek-long American itand at Bastogne against immense odds was the mast heartening sin- Tie development for the Allies since he big German winter offensive jegan, it became apparent as the ndurance story besan to uniold. Aided by the biggest aerial supply task force ever attempted FROM A FRONT-LINE NOTEBOOK IN WHICH THE LEMONADE STORY IS THE PAY-OFF By WES GALLAGHER now are having a rouch time of it. MALMEOY, Belgium, Dec. are plenty nasty jobs in the Army but, at ic present time, of the worst held by small groups of two or ,ree men who comprise road blocks id bridge guards on lonely roads any miles behind the front. Virtually every doughboy on the gluing front had turkey dinner for iristmas, but not these isolated en. They crouched over their little res in the snow heating C-ra- ons. The Fifth Column still is one the Nazi's weapons, oughboys who have been overrun id succeeded in hiding from the ermari 'troops told of civilians mping, on German tanks when ey came into a town and pointing t the hiding places of GIs and o- Allleci Civilians who owed ft favoritism for the Amer- ans In the overwhelming areas by (he Allied high command, a force of several thousand Amer- ican veterans purposely holed up in ten-way road and rail junction so vital to the continuing success of Field Marshal von RundstcnVs sweep through prepared to die rather than sur- render the transit center. From December 20 through De- cember these surrounded men held off five German divisions in day and night battles of great violence in which the Germans reports said tile first ambulance loads of wounded had been moved out of Bastogne. It was disclosed that the aerial supply operation was carried out not. To name the heroes of Baiif.osnc would be to call the entire roli of officers and men who stood off Ihe Germans. They all were heroes. by troop carrier forces of the first! Men like Sergeant Richard Dens- Allied Airborne Army, which flew" regular skytrains from French and British cases, dropping more than tons of s'lppllcs, including 75 mm. howitzers, food and ammu. nltion. "I have never met such con- centrated reporteil Major Pliillip C. Rawlinig, of Arilmore, Okla., following the completion of the mission. against them. Then a Th'ird Army j All the members of the sup: tern of Oshkosh, WIs., who knocked out seven German tanks of 3 de- stroyed in one battle. Deasteni bagged all victims hurled wave after wave of tanks relief force contacted them after teams were volunteers and included i a 10-mile advance from the south. I captain Foy S. Moody, of Corpus I (The German radio identified the j Chrlsti, Tell. I American carrison as including the Four low planes and gliders were 101st Air-Borne, the 10th unaccounted for. witii one shot apiece except the last one, which took two tn get. Sergeant Sabin Landry, of Baton Rouge, La., came in second for gun- nery honors in his outfit. Landry picked off four German tanks in 15 minutes in separate parts of the town. ity and no Japanese landings there have been reported, General Doug- las AlacArthur said today. The absence of enemy landings indicated the Japanese naval tp.sk force which unsuccessfully shelled American positions on Mindoro Tuesday night demonstrated that the Japanese were unable or un- willing to risk ground forces in re- inB the U. S. operations there. MacArflinr'.1; communique lo- day reported the mopping up of isolated Japanese on Leyto Is- land continued, another 312 enemy dead br.lnz counted there. American heavy bombers struck Japanese airdromes on Nonros is- land and medium bombers destroyed enemy warehouses at Zamboanga, on Mindoro Island. An additional 20 enemy planes were tallied in three days of bomb- ing Japanese airfields around Man- ila, bringing the total of Japanese aircraft knocked out In that area to 144. lea's No. 1 tank general, was given the job of stemming the enemy'i surprise offensive three days after von Runrtstedt struck December 18 and tonight, Associated Press cor- respondent Hawkins declared, It ap- peared the back of the German drive was broken. Simultaneously, the U. S. First Army hit back savagely from north, carving out gains of al- most a mite and a half in the northwest corner of the German salient pointed toward the for- tress of Liege and the Allied feeder highways to the port of Antwerp. These twin-developments, fraught with peril for the German plan to split the Allied armies and slash across their lifelines, presumably were up to noon yesterday, and sub- sequent developments shrouded in a security blackout may have mark- ed up more gains. One thlnjr was clear. Today, the 13th since the Germans rolled out of the Reich and through the thin-held Ameri- can lines in the Ardennes, was the first that no enemy gains were reported. On the contrary, the three Ger- man armies committed to the win-