Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - December 19, 1944, Abilene, Texas
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VOL. LXIV, NO. 181
A TEXAS NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 19, 1944-TWELVE PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Press (U.r./
PRICE FIVE CENTS
FDR Returns From Warm Springs Visit
WASHINGTON, Doc. 19.—
<^AP) — President Roosevelt returned today from a three weeks’ vacation at Warm Springs, Ga.
Facing momentous months » the fields of war and Allied diplomacy—plus the begin-1 ning of a fourth term and or-1 ganization of a new congress
the chief executive came
klick to the capital sunburned and a few pounds heavier. He arrived by special train and went immediately to the White House to start a routine day.
Q Hp returned from Georgia via Camp Lejeune, on New river at Jacksonville, V C., where yesterday afternoon he made a two-hour inspection tour of the vast Marine combat reservation.
£ This was his only side trip outside of Georgia during his absence from Washington.
Mr. Roosevelt planned to hold his regular news conference late today. It will be the lirst since tN’ Anoeial one he called Nov. 27, the •fay he left for Warm Springs, at which he announced the resignation of Cordell Hull as secretary of state.
For security reasons, news of the trip was withheld until the President was back in the White House. *rpresentatives of the Associated Press, United Press and International News service accompanied the party.
• * •
The chief executive transacted
tfficial business during his trip auch as though he had been at his desk in Washington. His little white cottage atop Pine mountain overlooking the Warm Springs foundation for the after-treatment of infantile paralysis hummed with flirtation and the comings and goinis of secretaries with war reports and congressional news.
During his absence he signed more than "5 bills and vetoed a few, kept promptly informed of ^ the European political develop-* ments, and reorganized the whole top level of the State department. All of the executive actions, however, were announced at the White House in Washington.
% Drsnite the heavy routine, Mr. ’Ttoosrvelt slept ten to twelve hours every night, sunned himself on his cottage terrace, drove his little touring car around the countryside on sunny afternoons, and bathed rn the warm waters of the foundation pool.
W • * *
He made two informal speeches while away. As is his custom on such trips, he spoke to the polio patients at a turkey dinner the night of his arrival, Nov. 28. Although he talked about half an hour to some 300 people, the speech was officially classed as “off the record.”
He spoke again a few moments from the rear of his train just before it pulled out Sunday
We Counterattack Push Over Roer Into Duren
THE WAR AI A GLANCE
By the Associated Press
WESTERN FRONT—Germans smash 20 miles into Belgium through U. S. First army lines as counteroffensive continues at high cost to Nazis; doughboys strike back, send patrols across Roer river into Duren.
ROME—Heavy fighting continues on Eighth army front around Bagnacavallo, IO miles into Po valley.
PACIFIC—Superforts again smash at Japanese factories, bombing Kyusu island. Ground forces on Mindoro advance
EASTERN FRONT—Russians swarm across Czechoslovak frontier; tighten siege of Budapest. _
Supers Smash Again
At Jap Plane Plants
afternoon for C amp Lejeune.
Choppin*} Says till Christmas
By the Associated Press ley
Superforts smashed again today at Japanese factories in a double-edged bombing campaign to eliminate the source of Japanese planes that have been pouring in an unending stream into the Philippines, where 742 were knocked out last week.
American ground forces advanced unopposed on Mindoro island of the central Philippines in sharp contrast to fierce fighting on Leyte. Gen. Douglas MacArthur announced the Japanese 26th division has been annihilated in a crushing Yank vise on Leyte and the U. S. 77th division has seised an airport near Valencia in the center of bloody Ormoc val-
Japs Kill 24,000 In Rail Building
LONDON. Dec. 19. — (AP) — The British war office asserted today that the japanese had worked more than 60,000 white captives under such brutal and inhuman conditions that 24.000 of them had died The Japanese themselves have erected a memorial to 25,000 men who died in building the Thailand-3urma railway and road, the war office said. Of the 25.000 men, the war office reported, fewer than 1,-000 were Japanese and the remainder were English, Australians and Dutch.
In an urge for speed, the Japanese disregarded completely “the cost in human life,” the war-office said. Sick prisoners were even carried to work on stretchers. Severe beatings were administered to officers and men, the statement said, and there were also cases “of torture and killing.”
Tile statement supplemented an oral report to commons by Sir James Grigg, war secretary, who said the Japanese used at least 60,000 white prisoners “regardless of conditions under w-hich the prisoners worked and of the cost in human life.”
The Superforts hit enemy targets at Omura, Japan, and Shanghai and Nanking, China, the War department announced. Japan said the Omura raiders struck at the aircraft factory there.
An imperial communique said between 30 and 40 B29s made the attack on the heels of a double blow yesterday by nearly 200 Superforts against Hankow and the Mitsubishi aircraft company’s big Kokuki aircraft plant at Nagoya on Honshu island.
The U. S. War department described today’s attacking waves only as a “medium force,” while Brig.-Gen. Haywood Hansen Jr. announced Superforts from Saipan yesterday caused extensive damage to the Kokuki factory, set fire to a shipyard and perhaps knocked out Nagoya's power plant.
More thaft half of the 742 Japanese planes knocked out last week in the Philippines were accounted for by fast carrier forces under command of Vice Adm. John S. McCain who declared “give me enough fighter planes and we can go up to the empire and do the same” thing to Japan proper.
His planes, led by bomb-carrying, rocket-firing fighters, knocked out 461 enemy planes, sank 28 ships and damaged 66 in 60 unbroken hours of raiding Luzon island to cover MacArthur^ invasion of Mindoro last Friday.
Chinese turning the tables on the invaders in central China drove to within six miles of Chin-Cheng-Kiang. “Golden City” on the railway 81 miles west of the former U. S. airbase at Liuchow in Kwangsi province.
The Navy department announced yesterday U. S. submarines sank 33 more Japanese ships—12 warships, two tankers, two transports, 17 freighters—bringing their wartime bag to 907,
Belgium South of Aachen
PARIS, Dec. 19—(AP)—American doughboys and tanks struck back today at the German armor-powered counteroffensive that had cut 20 miles into Belgium, while to the north First army patrols crossed the Roer river barrier into Duren.
American blows to stabilize the front were thrown in as the bold Nazi push
probed into Belgium and Luxembourg on a 60-mile front.
The First army maintained pressure on the Cologne front despite the menacing counteroffensive. Just before noon patrols of the 83d division's 329th regiment crossed the formidable Roer river and pushed into Duren, stronghold city 20 miles from (ologne.
Supreme headquarters imposed security silence on the powerful German counteroffensive, but a First army dispatch said one German tank thrust below Monschau “had some success in a frontal push’’ with the Germans being contained on some sectors.
The Germans were striking from above Monschau to near Fchternach. The deep plunge into Belgium carried a broad flanking threat to Aachen.
The German onslaught was powered by massed reserves and supported by a new vengeance weapon of an undisclosed type. Supreme headquarters was silent on details of the* battle.
But one report placed the Germans 20 miles or more inside Belgium and 25 miles south
and slightly west of Aachen. British Typhoons, it said, swooped on a score of Nazi armored vehicles “west of Stavclot, a town 18 airline miles and nearly 22 by road from the Reich frontier.
Here the First army, fighting desperately and given magnificent air support that destroyed or damaged 112 Nazi tanks and armored vehicles, had been forced back 15 miles or more. The Germans *in this sector may have jumped off somewhere west of their own border.
The news blackout was 24 hours old—hours in which much could have happened. The Germans Had swept to Stavclot in a day and a half.
Berlin said Hitler himself had planned this recoil drive. Stavelot is but 24 miles from the fortress city of Liege, and 4 1-2 miles southwest of Malmedy. The situation at Mal-medv or other towns in line. of the drive was shrouded in silence.
Troops Gaining On Whole Front Claim Germans
LONDON. Dec. 19—IAP) — The German high command declared today that Nazi tank forces “have broken through, smashed and dispersed units of the American First army deep into the enemy rear.”
The broadcast German communique said that American tanks hurled against the advancing Germans were repulsed “during a night tank battle.”
“O u r troops continued attacks along the whole front,” the communique added.
The bulletin declared 24 aircraft were shot down by Nazi lighters and bombers.
LETTER TO EDITOR—
flair Defends City Dads’ Grant of Bus Franchise to Page Interests
lo the Editor:
™In view of criticisms against the city commission published in your paper with reference to the selection of a bus lin^ for the City of Abilene, I want to state the following:
^Tt was the opinion of the city rommission that our duty to the citizenship was to secure a new bus company which could and would give adequate and efficient service to the citizens of Abilene.
We believe that either the %View Bus company or George Page and his associates could and would render such service. The next thing of importance, we believed, was to secure as low rate as possible for the citizens of Abilene. From the beginning of the tm=cussions the commission wanted a five-cent rate for students and school children.
The View Bus company refused by letter on file with the city secretary to agree to this rate but wanted a r^’eii vent rate for every one.
George Page and his associates agreed to accept the franchise with a five-cent rate for school children in the following words: “Grantee agrees, however, to transport students, including public school and
college students, from terminus to terminus for a five cent fare,” and a seven-cent fare for other persons.
The commission felt it owed a duty to the citizenship here to accept the Page proposition and secure the lower rate for school ehilldren and other students. While the two cents difference in fare may seem small it amounts to quite a sum in a year. There are about 8000 students in Abilene. I do not know, of course, how many school children and college students will ride the bus but if 1,000 should ride to and from school each day one year the saving to the citizenship during the nine months term would amount to more than $7000 If fewer rode the saving would be less; if more, the saving would be increased.
Compensation offered the city for the use of the streets by Page and associates was little more than that offered by the View Bus company. This, however, was not the determining factor. The determining factor was the five cent fare.
W. W. HAIR, Mayor.
Lions Open Dime March Thursday
Kick-off for the Lions March of Dimes for charity will begin at 1:30 p. rn. Thursday at the corner of North 2d and Pine, Joe Childers of the Lions club announced today.
“Last year the Lions made $1,068 with this annual project and we expect to make more this year,” Childers said.
Conducted along the lines of a football game, two teams, one captained by H. O. Wooten and the other, by Henry James, will start the game, playing until the first touchdown.
Wooten and James have opened the game for the past eight years with each winning four victories. Captains will choose men to work on their teams at the luncheon meeting of the Lions preceding the kick^fc off.
General Frederick 45th’s Commander
WASHINGTON, Dec. 19— ZP)— Maj. Gen. Robert T. Frederick has assumed command of the 45th infantry division in Europe, the War department said today.
General Frederick was born in San Francisco in 1907.
A West Point graduate, he was commissioned in 1928, became a brigadier general in January, 1944. and was promoted to the temporary rank of major general In August, 1944.
He holds the Distinguished Service Cross for heroism in Italy and the Distinguished Service Medal for a special operational mission on Kiska in the Aleutians.
Slayer of Texas Deputy Executed
HUNTSVILLE, Dec. 19.—(A*)—J. B. Stephens, convicted of murder in Ellis county in the slaying of Deputy Sheriff Jess White, died in the electric chair here early today.
He was given the last sacrament by a Catholic priest as he was strapped in the chair at 12.13 a. rn. He was pronounced dead seven minutes later, at 12:20.
Jobs for Veterans
Veterans placed since
Sept. I 250
Veterans placed yesterday I Interviewed yesterday 4 Referred yesterday .. 3
Routed to other agencies
yesterday .............. I
HITLER AGAIN AT ARMY REINS?
The circumstances hardly call for easy optimism, but maps show the Germans might possibly be headed for more trouble than they bargained for.
Their “risk-all” drive could, by a deep wedge, threaten lateral communications between the Allied northern and central fronts But on the other hand, the Germans are pushing into a pocket of their own making—a hazard so obvious that Field Marshal Karl Rudolf Gold ton Rundstedt or perhaps even Hitler must have weighed the danger long before committing the German forces in such strength.
The Germans have tried this same desperate game before—and both were times when Hitler snatched control from his generals. He attempted it once in Africa and again about a sear ago in the I rkaine with the famed hut futile “Iron Avalanche” counteroffensive intended to wrest back Kharkov and split the Red army offensive.
Against this latest bid for a bargained peace. Allied airpowcr again may tip the scales, as it did at Avranches and in the Falaise gap.
The German counteroffensive thus far had failed in one of its apparent objectives. It had not forced the First army to let up piessure on the Roer river front west of Cologne.
The Americans cleared Rolsdorf, less than a mile southwest of Duren. The village of Lendersdorf, a mile farmer south and only a half mile from the Roer, was all but cleared of the enemy.
3D DRIVES TO EDGE OF DILLINGEN
To the north, Ninth army troops In local line straightening operations and in advances of one to twro miles took Wurm and Mullendorf and cleared Beeck, northeast of Gielenkirchen. German opposition was light and many pillboxes actually were unmanned.
American Third army troop* have driven to the eastern edge of tile fortified city of Dillingen. To complete the occupation of that city in the western part of the Saar basin the Americans have to reduce five strong pillboxes.
On a 14-mlle front extending westward from the Rhine four divisions of the U. S. Seventh army edged forward into the German Palatinate’s Siegfried line defenses. In forests northwest of Wissembourg, the Americans captured Nieder-Schlettenbach and Bundenthal, both two miles inside Germany.
Meanwhile, from Washington came the grimly awaited casualty figures showing that the American offensive, too, had been costly. The November casualties in the winter offensive were 57,775—almost one-fourth of the total American losses on the western front since I)-I)ay.
WHERE GERMANS STRUCK Arrows from swastika locate attacks in the large-scale German offensive on the western front (heavy line), American First army troops were snorted striking back but both enemy and Allied commands mposed a “blackout” on details of the action To the south the U, S. Third and Seventh armies made slight gains.
* 6$ * 4 On Southern Front—
36th Stops I Crack
boys from Texas hurled back the
Bv Cl INTON B CON OTR attacking Germans WITH THE SIXTH ARMY And finally ii headquarters spokrs-GROUP IN ALSACE, Dec 19 (UP) man reported: our position has b-en —Four consecutive months in tile restored.
front lines had left th*- veteran 36th By all axioms of war, the 3bth infantry division weak and weary, should have been whipped. It
but somehow the strapping dough-1 was holding an incredibly long
front stretching 43 miles across the central Vosges mountains when the brunt of the Germans’ Alsatian counter attack struck earh the morning of December
Against a single regiment, the 142d, the Nazis threw the greater part of two crack divisions. They infiltrated the 36th’s front line positions behind a withering barrage of mortar and artillery fire, and forced the Texans back—but nor far.
For two days the battle raged and the Germans edged forward. Then on the third day the Texans rallied enough men for a counter attack. That day’s combat rrnnrt showed two of the hills that had been lost were recaptured, most of the former command post town had been retaken and virtually all gaps in the long line plugged.
Pieced together from sketchy front reports and interviews with bearded, mudcaked GI’s this is the store of a heroic stand by a division which only last week established a new U. 8. army endurance record for continuous combat.
Goodfellows Kid Movie Saturday
At 10:30 a. rn. Saturday a kid’s matinee is slated for the Paramount theater with admittance limited to children 14 years old or younger who present a can of food at the theater entrance for distribution by the Goodfellows to Abilene needy families.
The matinee will include a Donald Duck cartoon, Th*- Old Army Game; How to be a Sailor, with Goofy; Private Pluto; Gem Jamb, starring Leon Errol; Falling Hair, with Bugs Bunny; and Calling All Kids, Our Gang comedy.
The Goodfellow fund, meantime, still drags behind its quota with money urgently needed to make up household and food parcels for distribution at Christmas time
The list of food for which part of the money is to be spent has been released. Abilene’s needy families will each receive two sacks of fresh sausage, one carton of lard and one of butter, a quart of syrup, a five pound sack of sugar, a two-pound carton of rice, a jar of peanut butter, a can each of sweet potatoes, corn, tomatoes, Mexican beans, tall milk, a pound of prunes, two pounds of candy, a two-pound cake, two apples for each member of the family, one orange for each member, and two loaves of bread.
Household parcels will vary, according to needs of each family. Toys will be distributed in the same manner.
Listed thi* morning were <contributions from:
Jonathan Hopkins Bidet?, C h i I -
dren of the American Revolution JI on
(ash . I'M
I) N. Hah ll . . -
The total now' has reached SI'till short of the $’I,(I0« goal with only a few days left to go.
U. S. 7TH ARMY ENTERS GERMANY—Infantrymen of the U. S. 7th army press forward through a forest after crossing the border in.o Germany, making the lourth American army to be fighting on German soil. A tank is seen at left, with a border marker in the left foreground. (AP Wirephoto from Signal Corps Radiophoto).
Tho first German attack struck the Texans’ extreme left flank rn
See 36 MI DIVISION Pg. II. Col. 5
Hess Injures Self
LONDON, Dec. 19.— iUP>—'The British press association reported today that Rudolf Hess, former deputy fuehrer of the Nazi party, Is recovering from a broken leg received when he jumped over a bannister “during a brain storm.”
I* s. DEPARTMENT OK COMMERCE WEATHHER Bt’RE AV
ABILENE AND VICINITY—Clear and somewhat warmer this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday. Afternoon temperatures in >he high 60‘* and lowest Wednesday morning 35.
FAST TEXAS Fair this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday; continued cold lowest temperatures near J* In north and west central portions and near the upper coast tonight; not quite so cold
WEST* THE KAS: Fair ibis afternoon, tonight and Wednesday: not Quite cold in Panhandle lowest temperature* 25-33 in Dei Rio-Eagle Pass area tonight, warmer Wednesday
Maximum temperature last .4 hour*,
^Minimum temperature last 12 hour*,
Tue Mon Mon-Sun A M. Hour P M.
33 36— I— 40 63
33 36— 2— 43 66
33 :*3— 3— 46 65
:13_ 4— 48 61
30 31— 5— 48 57
30 30 " ^—■ 47 54
30 29— 7— 43 50
30 as— 8— 38 45
34 29- 9— 35 42
41 33—10— 36 41
52 35—11— 33 38
59 38—12— 32 36
Sunrise this morning ........... 8.35
Sunset tonight .................... b