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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - December 17, 1944, Abilene, Texas JI SIXTH WAH LOAN County Quota .......$3,395,000.00 Series E Quota ......$1,055,000.00 Series E Sales ..... $1,080,991.50 ClJE !3btlene Reporter '■WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS' OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS l l GOI S -Byron SUNDAY VOL. LXIV. NO. 179 ~A TEXAS 2-*, NEWSPAPER ABILENE. TEXAS, SUNDAYMORNING, DECEMBER 17. 1944-THIRTY-EIGHT TAGUS IN THREE SECTIONS Atocia tat fr«. _ pr«.    (US.I    PRICE    FIVE    CENTS RedsSeen As Leader for Peace BURCOTE BROOK. NEAR ABIN-GEN, Berkshire, DPC. 16—(ZP)—John Masefield. England* Poet Laureate. •ald today he believes Russia will be one of the strongest forces for peace In the past-war world. "Russia seems determined there tall not be another European war. that the craze for conquest shall no'i again get out of hand on this continent." the 69-year-old gray-halred man of letters said in an interview. ^Masefield predicted that Russia would come out of the war "with plenty of weight behind her convictions; for we have seen an astounding feat In the east. A profoundly significant rebirth of a vast aition within a generation. • ^"Russia will emerge triumphantly from the war, knowing her political system will stand almast any shock and wdth ‘the knowledge that she virtually has saved Europe. Her voice will be strong indeed in world •mncils." Masefield said the two "danger points" in Europe as he saw them "are Germany and the Balkans. Russia will have her realistic way dealing with the Germans, and she ay w'ell be a mea its of controlling reats in the entire Balkan area." Trouble Seethes in Wake of Liberation Troops Air Oro Chaplin Trial Resumes Monday E Bond Sales ROOSEVELT S ELECTION $15,000 Over IS ALMOST A CERTAINTY County Quota LOS ANGELES. Dee. 16 With the termination of *hp Fixth War Loan drive which ended last night at midnight, Tavlor county shows an oversubscription of $75,000 York. in series E bonds above tho set quota of $1,055,000. Total sales were $1 130.000. C. M. Caldwell, county chairman, announced last night. Overall sales went $805,000 above P.v The Associated Press I intermittent discussion. WASHINGTON, Dec 16- Pre*!- Some members of congress want dent Roosevelt gets elected to a to junk the whole electoral college fourth term Monday. The vote won't system, even though it is a century be counted for nearly three weeks, but It will be 432 for him to OO for Governor Til nm as E. Dewey of New and half old. They say that’s one of its faults—that it's archaic. They say. too. that it is possible for a man to win a majority of the popular vote and still not get enough If iou think that's a combination of stale news and rash prediction,    electorial votes to make    him presi- hunt up your copy of the Constitu-    I    dent. tion and    it will remind    vou that    it    !    There    wasn’t    any    chance    of    that ___| Overall sales went    $805,000    above    wasn't    a    President you voted for    on    ,    happening    this    year.    Tile    newest Charlie Chaplin will assume the role the quota of $3,395,000. reaching a    November 7. but a set of Electors.    !    Associated Press tabulation of popu- m witness Monday against himself total of $4.200,ono. Caldwell an- These Electors got together in    Tar votes showed today    that of a in Joan Berry s paternity suit.    nounced. The county chairman each State December IR for the int- total of 47,969,828. Roosevelt got The 55-year-old comedian's ap- j broadcas* over KRBC last night ex- j ing which technically determines    25.610,946 and Dewey    22,018,177. pearance promises a welcome break 1 pressing his appreciation to Taylor    who will run the country in the next    Other candidates polled    340,705, or in the boredom of Jury selection, j countian* for participating so full-    four years. Congress does the    0.7 per cent. heatedly in buying bonds.    I    counting on January 6, at a Joint;- Although the drive is officially genate-House session and that over, bonds    sold throughout De-    makes    the result of the    election    of- cember will    count    toward    drive    ficinl. sales.    While    a    few    of    the    official    counts are still under recheck, the latest J totals Saturday night scowed a plu still unfinished Attorneys now say they'll complete the jury in jig-#ime. then call Dr. Russell Starr as witness N\ I and Chaplin as witness No. 2. Dr. Starr delivered Miss Berry of 1 her baby, Carol Ann, 14 months ago. Jones Way Over And now Carol Anna guardian and Miss Berry — want Chaplin legally named as the father, although blood tests — and Chaplin— deny his parentage. Joseph Scott, Miss Berry’s lawyer. said he summoned Chaplin as | a. an “adverse witness" under a prounion of California law which permits this procedure. Thus, he added, plaintiffs counsel can endeavor to make the defendant testify against himself. Miss Berry, 24. former drama disciple of the white-haired Chaplin, ^nmes to court Tuesday, possibly with her baby, Scott announced. ralitv of 3.592.769 for Mr. Roosevelt STAMFORD. Dec. 16 — (Sri' — over Governor Dewey. Jones county surpassed both its A state has as many electors as overall and series E quotas by a It does congressmen and senators, comfortable margin, according to and the national total is 531. If a a report Saturday afternoon by T. I state went democratic, its electors Doctor Shortage Seen After War SNYDER. Dec 16—Althouch F G. Sears, county chairman of Scurry county, could not give accurate figures last night, he stated that Scurry had gone at least $20,000 over its series E bond quota, of $155,000; and had also oversubscribed Us DALLAS. Dec. 16 —(PP)— An acute overall quota of $390,000. shortage of doctors on the civilian front can be expected for some time Mitchell Passed teeter the war is over as the services Will have need of most of their medi- Upshaw of Stamford, county chairman in the Sixth War Loan drive. Series E .‘■.‘Irs were $446,536 with a quota of *400,000: overall .‘ales were SI,112 559.50 with a quota of $020,000. Local chairmen were Knox Pittnrd. Ammi; Tate May, Hamlin; and Frank Morrow. Stamford, Scurry Also Over cal men for a long period of time, Major General George F. Lull, deputy surgeon general of the Army, said here today. "The peak in hospital load probably will not be reached until long after hostilities cease,” he said. Scores Arrested In China Smuggling NEW DELHI, Nov. 21--i/pi—An investigation -(Delayed) by U. S. COLORADO CITY, Dec 16- At 3 p. rn. Saturday, Mitchell county had far exceeded its quotas in thp Sixth War Loan drive With a quota of $170,000 set for series E bonds. $199.-225 had been sold. Overall sales were $718,225. with a quota of $440,-000. Hap Bullock is county chairman of the drive. Shackelford Over ALBANY. Dec 16 John F Sed-wick, county chairman of Shackelford county in the Sixth War Loan are morally—but not legally-bound to vote for Roosevelt. Just what would happen if a batch of them changed their minds and voted for the other candidate is a matter that provokes r lot if WPB Moves To Keep Workers On Munition Line WASHINGTON. Dec. ie.—UP— The War Production Board today threw its weight into the drive to keep workers on the munitions lines by freezing its programs for civilian goods production at current levels. A spokesman for the office of civilian requirements however, gave this assurance: “Civilian production necessary to meet essential requirement will be fully protected." He noted aho that authorized Luzon Raided By U. S. Fliers ATHENS. Dec. 16.—(J’ -Liouten-aiv-General Ronald M. Scobie rejected peace proposals of the EAM Teft-wing National Liberation Front Party i today because the Leftists' offer failed to provide immediate cessation of resistance and fighting continued in the Capital. A British Headquarters statement said, “General Scobie must continue to insist upon satisfactory fulfillment of this condition." Scobie, the British commander in Greece, has demanded that all ELAS (fighting branch of the EAM) supporters in Athens and its port, Tiraeus, stop fighting against British and Greek (.oxeminent troops and surrender their arms. The tone of his reply to the EAM peace offer today, however, was regarded as hopeful. The headquarters statement said Scobn' does not believe there will be any difficulty in Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander's being able to initiate necessary steps to bring the turmoil to an end and restore to all Greeks, whatever their opinions, the enjoyment of their democratic liberties.” Scobie earlier had pledged that \lexander, Supreme Allied Commander in tho Mediterranean. would take-over the task of ending By The Associated Priss American forces of liberation, operating on Mindoro inland within 155 miles of Manila, scored advances of from seven to nine miles inland from other beachheads and took the tow ii of San Jose, ('.corral Douglas MacArthur reported today. The Yanks, meeting on negligible Japanese opposition, pushed toward Mindoro’s central mountain range from the Island s southwest coast where they landed Friday morning. American and Australion engineers Were rushing work on an airfield in the invasion sector. San Jose, fives miles inland from the beachheads, has an air field. --__---------     —---,    j|ie fit!, [J, s. Army inva sion of Mindoro island plus new American Fleet tactics and Filipino guerrilla successes put a new and mighty crisis before Japanese war leaders. Sailing 600 miles between islands which the Nipponese in nearly three years in the Philippines have failed to conquer, the Yanks made their beachheads Friday morning on southern Mindoro with little loss. General Douglas MacArthur said. With American troops firmly established on Samar and Leyte is- Germans Loose Barrage Of Shell and Fire Along 200-Mile Western Front SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORC ES, Paris, Dec. 16—(AP)—German counter attacks were opened today at a dozen points on the 70-mile first U. S. Army front between Durcn and Trier, the heaviest fighting occurring in the Ardennes forest. The counter thrusts lands eau of Mindoro, MacArthur YANKS BOMB NAZI RAILS LONDON, Dec. 16 IP)—A force i of IOO U. S. heavy bombers dumped explosives on railroad yards north of Stuttgart today, blasting the the”confUet within Greece when the ( enemy transportation hub for the WASHINGTON, Dec. 16.—"P— Battering Luzon Harbor areas. American planes sank two small Japanese ships and left 15 others burning or damaged, the Navy reported tonight. Four of the damaged ships were enemy destroyers or destroyer escorts endeavoring vainly to protect cargo and transport craft. The hard-hitting carrier-based United State - bombers and fighters were | — backing up General MacArthur* Invasion of Mindoro. In addition to the heavy damage to enemy shipping, the Navy reported, ll more Japanese planes were destroyed in the air, bringing to 235 the number of enemy planes destroyed in three days of attacks which began Wednesday morning. An additional 138 enemy planes were damaged on the ground. „rmed civil stVife is ended. The EAM peace offer included these conditions: That a new government he formed to deal with the question of disarming guerrilla forces; That suspected Axis collaborators be prosecuted promptly; That Greek government troops be removed from .Athens. In regard to the latter, ti if* British statement said that Scobie was prepared to order these troops to return to the barracks where they were when hostilities with the EXAS began if his requirements were carried out by the EAM and ELAS. Roosevelt's Views On Poland Asked were an apparent effort to draw off pressure against the Durcn sector. All along a front of more than 200 miles, where four American Armies have invaded Germany, the enemy loosed artillery    harages    which    reached an intensity of IOO shells an    hour    on    some    U.    S.    First    Army sectors, and up to 250 an hour on the U. S. Third Army front in the Saar basin. The thunder of explosions set off h' Hic Germans destroying the last bridges j,cross the Boer river Indicated that they had given up hope of holding bark Hie First Army on the west hank of that stream. The Germans counterattacked for the first time in two weeks against the IT. S. Ninth Army north of Linden!, but were thrown back. (A German broadcast said the U. S. Ninth Army had turned on giant loudspeakers which blared out "advertising” of an impending offensive.) Tire U. S. Third Army bored 300 yards deeper into the Siegfried line in the west»rn Saarland, and infantry crossed the southern border of the basin at a new point nine miles east of Sarrrgufmines. (U. S. Seventh Army doughboys are driving deeper Into Germany and have slezed Scheibenhard, German border town near the Rhine, and a number of Reich villages, a dispatch from Thoburn Wiant and Robert C. Wilson. Associated Press correspondents, reported. Thev also said that Wivern-bourg and Lautrrbourg Alsatian border cities, had been adzed by the Seventh > There were four crossings on a 17-mile front into the old Bavarian palatinate, a region of war industry and agriculture, and already the Seventh was drawing off German Army Discloses Air Crash Victims Army authorities has resulted in drive, reported yesterday that $118, court martial and arrest of scores of American service men and civilians in the past year on charges ill smuggling contraband into China over the famous. Hump" airline, it was learned today. With the cooperation of British, Chinese and Indian officials, Army Investigators now have largely xmashed an international syndicate ^hich for three years dealt in stolen lend-lease supplies, Government property, gold currency and other goods flown into isolated and inflation-ridden China, it was said. Tile Army withheld all names. 237.50 of series E bonds had been sold, with a quota of $90,000. Overall sales also exceeded the quota, next year. $352,502 having been sold, with a quota of $320,000. Runnels Succeeds WINTERS, Dec. 16 — Runnels county sales went over the top in the Sixth War Loan drive, John Q See E BOND, Te. ll, Col. 5 KANSAS CITY, Ka*., Dec. 16 — (/pi— Names of the three ere* mem-production in the present quarter, ber* aboard a B-24 bomber which the yardstick for future civilian out- crashed yesterday into Lake Pepin put, is at the highest level since near Pepin, WI*., were released to-the conversion of industry to war day by the 33rd Ferrying Command, production.    They    included:    Captain    Dan    D. —-“    Mitchell, pilot,    son    of Mrs Lois Dr. Morrow Elected Mitchell. Of Houston. and Fliuht _    j _    . . j, Officer Buddy Bob Beasley, co-pilot IO Head Texas Medics son of James H. Beasley, of Lub-DENISIN, Dec. 16 —(/Pi— Dr.    W.    bock. C. Morrow, Greenville, heads    the    At    first it was reported    two    or Not Ii Tfexas Medical Association    for    more    parachutes    had    been    seen    in the air before the crash, bu* a care-Af a meeting of the Association ! fill search has failed to locate any here Wednesday, attended by repre- of the men. Major Charles E. Hanst sentativcs from 14 counties, Dallas said the men are listed as missing was chosen for the June, 1945, meet- j pending examination of the plane Ing,    I wreckage. WASHINGTON, Dec 16 T —A suggestion that President Roosevelts position views on Russian territorial claims 1 against Poland be placed in the Congressional Record was made in the Senate today Arising after Senator Dan&her (R-Conn) had offered a text of Prime Minister Churchill* speech in Commons yesterday supporting the Russian claims, Senator Vandenberg (R-Michi declared; “I should greatly appreciate the inclusion of a speech from thp President should one become available for insertion in the Congressional Record.” second time in elgaf days in support of Seien’th Arm ”' columna in-\ariing Germany north of Strasbourg. Pilots of IOO Mustangs which es-escorted the Flying Fortresses reported the Germans failed to intercept the a1 tack concentrated on freight yards at Kornwestheim, northern Stuttgart suburb One group of heaviest bombed visually Others used me “magic eye" in the overcast. Todays mission was the smallest dispatched by the Eighth Air Force in many months, but warnings from the German radio indicated much heavier attacks were being carried out by bombers of the 15th air force, which se tm Its heavyweights from Italy toward Munich and into Czechoslovakia. Late in tile afternoon, the RAF sent a force of Lancasters against the industrial and railway center of Sicgenn about 45 miles east of Cologne. Fighters went along. First report-, did not indicate what op-WHS encountered. said the latest landing not only cut the Philippine archipelago In two but will enable the Allies to dominate sea and air routes which reach to the ChinR coast ” It put the American* 155 miles from Manila to the north; 900 miles from the ( hlna roast to the northwest and about 800 miles from the French Indo-( hlna roast directly west. The crisis facing Token leaders was summed up by MacArthur* statement that “conquests of Japan to the south are rapidly being iso-lated, destroying the legendary myth of the greater East Asia co-pros-prritj sphere and imperilling th® so-called ‘imperial lifeliner.' " Radio Token, in a propaganda broadcast, said heavy fighting was it! t Tog re s on Mmdoro and that Jap,me e fliers continued their attacks on the invasion fleet. It added that 280 Yank carrier planes struck against Luzon again Saturday. Japanese time. blasting airfields In th® Manila area and at other point® on that strategic island. Tolco also reported American air raids south of Mindoro. lokvo claimed that Japanese fliers sank four transports off Mindoro and damaged 71 vessels. including two battlrshipi and eight transports. None of the Japanese broadens!*^-was confirmed by American sources] ^ At Pea ii Harbor Admiral Chester W Nimitz disclosed that Yank car- * rirr planes, heavily supporting th® Mindoro invasion, delivered round-the-clock paralyzing blows against Japanese air centers on Luzon tall ne! and enemy shipping December 14. 15 and 16 'Manila time). The Naval fliers sank or damaged 17 ships, destroyed 235 planes and strength and rein ming pressure damaged 138 aircraft Four destroy- German Plane Crashes U.S. Street LOS ANGELES. Dec 16- ZP*—A German long range JU88 crashed in a Los Angeles street, the Army Air Forces announced. There were no < asualties, and there was no cause for alarm. The plane .struck a telephone pole as it was being tow'od to an Army exhibit oi enemy aircraft. CBI Veteran Killed In Air Field Crash Caph Calvin C. Moody, 28. a veteran of 23 months of overseas duty that included assignments in tho China-Burma-India theater of war and the Panama Canal zone, was killed late Saturday afternoon when his single engine fighter plane farther north on the western front The German high command was aware that to leave the Siegfried line lightly defended here was to invite a breakthrough that not only would menace such arsenal cities as f.udw igshafcn and Mannheim, 35 miles farther down the Rhine, hut might outflank the entire Saar basin, a coal and steel region of the first importance. Tile 45th division was believed to he about two mile inside the palatinate west of Wi sembourg, the 103rd division invaded in the same general area, and the 79th forged two bridgeheads across tlie* borderline Lauthem river near Lau- crashed while approaching Abilene terbourg. near the Rhine. Army Air Field for a landing. Captain Moody, son of Allen C. Moody. Route I Box 70, Bl cheville. Ark , was on duty at Abilene Army Air Field as a pilot Instructor. and at the time was on a training flight. The heaviest fighting appeared to be on the 79th sector, where tile Germans had the adv an*ape of the hunker-studded forest of BienwaVI Tweptv-three mile*' West of Wis-sembourg around Bitehe the Germans were fighting fiercely from Col. Harry Weddington, com* Maginot line swinging the for- manding officer, has appointed a board of qualified Army Air Force officers to investigate and determine the cause. Next to km has been notified. Bataan Captives Cried Like Babies and Weren't Ashamed of It When Rescue Sub Crew Fed Them First Bread in Three Long Years Three Army Fliers Killed in Crash DEL RIO, Dec. 16 'ZP— Three 1 DALLAS, Dee. 16— (ZP)—Men cried like babies when 83 American *ur-Army fliers were killed in the crash v|VOrs of a torpedoed Japanese prison ship hoarded a submarine for Aux in s. department or commerce WEATHER Bl 'REA!' teAHII I NI AND VICINITY—Fair and Warmer Sunday. Monday partly cloudy and cooler. gAST IEX NS: lair and warmer in Interior Sundae Monday, fair except partly cloudy and cooler in northeast portions. WEST TEXAS:    lair    except    pal    (Iv cloud' and cooler in Panhandle Sunctr'. ponds', partP cloudy gat. En A M. 41 JU* .18 38 34 fit w3« 83 •in 4 5 SO 13 ti lf* 33 S3 'Ai 33 to IO S3 5* ti? TEMPERAS RES HOI R . . I .. o r. ] a.!! .. t.. ... 5. .. ... fi .. ii! 8 ” ... o .. . . IO. ...II.. IS of a training plane two miles south of the main airdrome at Laughlin Field here last night and Field officials listed the victims as: 2nd. Lf. Robert C. Besseiman, Elizabeth, N. J.; 2nd. Ll. Francis T. Hagemann, Ft. Jennings, Ohio; and Staf Sergeant Lester L. Lippold, Phoenix, Art*, Sat. - I rl. P.M. .12 - fit S' .Vt fit 50 ss 17 47 41 42 OS OO OO IO SO S3 10 IS 11 45 ll High an 01 and 31. High and £ and 35. d low temperature* to 9 p. rn : low same date last year: Sunset last night: o I*. Sunrise this morning. 8.34. Sunset tonight: 4.37. Veronica Lake Is Married, Boys HOLLYWOOD, Dec. 16 —</P)— Screen actress Veronica Lake of “Peeka-a-boo” hairdo fame and film director Andre de Toth were married tonight at the Tiome of Ed (Archie) Gardner, star of the Duffy’s Tavern radio show. The marriage was the fir.'t for de Tooth, 31. Miss Lake's divorce from Major John DeHie, former studio art director, became final recently. traiIia11. Sergeant Jonnie Ellsworth Clem, Jr., said here today. One of two marines to survive the torpedoing of the Jap prison ship off Zamboanga peninsula last September ", Clem told a story of hitter enemy brutality and described the final scene of deliverance when the submarine appeared to take the 83 to safetv. "There were tears and some of the guys broke down and cried like babies and they were not a darn bit ashamed of it,” he said. "I hey gave us sandwiches the first night and the bread tasted like rake. It was the first bread we had had in three years. The next morning the 83 of us ate 18 pounds of butter, 36 pounds of sausage, to loaves of bread and eight hot rakes each. The doctor put a stop to that.” Clem began his nightmare in    the Philippines    aftrr the    Bataan    surrender. He wandered through the    wilds of the Bataan    brush for 14    days in an attempt to escape before he was captured on a narrow mountain trail. Firm said that at the prison ramp, even though men were dying daily from malaria, dysentery and fatigue, the Japs refused to allow Philippine Red Cross medical supplies to be delivered to the camp. During the first few days.    Clem recalled,    the    Japs    would    hit the women prisoners as well as    the men. "The women were transferred to another camp within a few days." The Jap prison commander made the American* a speech "He said," Clem stated, “that we were his eternal enemies and that we were now his pri oner and that we would never leave the island alive " An American prisoner was too ill to work so fellow captives did his work for him.    ..    „    ,.    . .. "\ lap guard noticed what was going on, ( lem said, and Hie guard kicked him off a cliff.” After bring held captives for 29 months, Clem wa' among oO prisoners packed into the hold of a Jap ship for transfer to another camp. They were forced to stay 19 days and nights in the hold within enough room to sit.    , , Then, while the captives were wondering where the Japs weie taking them, the hatch was ripped open. “We looked up.” ( lem said. "to see the Japs at both entrain es with machine-guns pointed at us. Thev started firing, spraying lead in among the premiers. Several hand grenades exploded among us. Clem and tile other Marine who survived, Sergeant Verle Dwight Cutter of Denver Colo, were tossed into the water when a loud explosion the First Army's positions along the rocked th- ship.    ,    ,    l®'’«-<lurin»nt from et the Lux- "We knew the ship had been torpedoed and those Japs had tried to embourg -German bolder, machine-gun and grenade us to prevent our possible escape." Clem said Clem anc1 Cutter reached an unpatrolled stretch ol beach, .hey met a friendly Filipino who conducted them to a point inland where a doctor was giving medical attention to wounded survivors Arrangements were made for an American submarine to evacuate the 83.    ,    .    .    .. "When we had about Riven up hope, the sub appeared and the Filipinos took us out to the craft—several hundred jards off-shore in sma , native boats,” Clem revealed. tifieations’ guns around and blazing away at the Americans attacking from the south. Other diversionary attacks were aimed by the Germans far to the oath in Alsace around Colmar, but there the French First Army and elements of the U. S. Seventh held foothill nosit ions and fighting from behind flooder! streams, could not be dislodged easily. Rapidly squeezing the Germans from their last footholds west of Die Ran-, the First Army's R3rri division captured Berzbuir, near the river three miles south of Dump and made other gains up to 1-000 vards opposite that river stronghold. The Fifth Armored division coming up on the flank occupied more of the Roer's west bank. Til the Mon*chau sector 20 mile southwest of Duren the Second and 78th divisions pressed eastward along both banks of the Ruer throuch pillboxes, barbed wire and minefields of the weM wall. Heavy enemy shelling was reported from the southern end of irs or destroys « '(orts were among the vessels damaged The Yank airmen also hit railroad rolling stock and fuel and ammunition dumps. The Japanese offered only meager air opposition. They attempted an attack on carrier ta>*U force surface units but all eight Japanese planes lr*mg to break through to the ship* were shot down. Admiral Nitnit* also reported air raids on the Xwo J im a airfield and in the Palaus and tho Marshalls. Pursuing the retreating Japanese southward in China’* Kwangsl province, thp counterattacking Chinese were reported by their high command to lune reached the Hochih I rom the north and west. chow’. Tile Chinese outfalnked Hound on tile south and pu lied 18 miles bcwond the town. Other Chin-e e columns were threatenuig Hochih fro mthe north and west. Some Chinese quarters in Chungking expressed the belief Japanese operations in China already may have been affected by the American advance to Mmdoro island. Tiles® sources think the Japanese, knowing that the Yanks will hit into China eventually, have been holding their reserve strength in southeast, China at strategic points for quick movement to the China coast. Thus the reserves have been withheld trom the Chinese war zones westward. Elliott Roosevelt Visits FORT WORTH. Dec. 16 —— A sudden change in plans today sent Col. and Mrs. Elliott Roosevelt on to Beaumont for a visit with the bride's mother, Mrs, Jean Young, after the new h wed couple had spent a few hours in Fort Worth. Historian Dead LONDON, Dec 16 —«I’1— Philip Guedalla, prominent English historian, biographer and essayist. died today in a London hospital. He was 55 years old. ;