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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - December 14, 1944, Abilene, Texas SIXTH WAR LOAN ACounty Quota Seriei E Quota Series E Sales MOMING "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL. LXIV, NO. 176 A TEXAS NIWSPAPB ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 14, 1944. -FOURTEEN PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Prest PRICE FIVE CENTS for lostPaper WASHINGTON, Dec. Senators tourned from cotton and poetry to a search for a mysteriously "missing" diploma- tic document tonight as Ihey delayed final committee action on six State Department pbintmenls. The Foreign Relations Committee meeting behind closed doors, decid- ed to hold an executive session to- morrow morning to delve. inlo question raised at public-hearings today by Senator Guffey Guffey told his colleagues that he ad been to the State Department trying to find a report he was in- formed had been made by Claude Bowers, then Ambassador to Madrid, during the Spanish civil war. The Pennsylvania Senator said.he was Jtold this report was favorable to the anti-Franco forces. But Guffey added that as far as he could learn, the Bowers report had never reached Pres- ident Roosevelt or the Secretary of State. The committee temporarily ended its public hearings earlier after it had spent the morning learning about the plight of the American cotton farmer from Will L. Clay- ton. In the afternoon it listened, amused, while Senator Clark (D-Mo) questioned Archibald Mac- Lelsh about poetry 'MacLelsh had written. Clayton and MaeLelsh also irere nominated for Assistant Secretaries, as was Brig. Gen. Julius Holmes. have been -ito expressions of opposition to Joseph C. Grew, chosen for Undersecretary of State. Secretary of State Stettinlus was recalled to the stand for question- Ing by Senator Chandler 'foreign relations trip around the world with four other Senators four months ago and said he brought back the idea that American diplo- mats generally were rated second to Ihe British to M. j'.'I want, our to equally'with any other coun- try's" want .it to stand on Its own "You may be sure it Stet- tinius replied. _. Chandler, hot made 5. Prisoners Slave for Nazis WITH THE U. FIRST ARMY GERMANY, Dec. 13 Am- erican prisoners of war are being made to work on construction of German defenses between the Roer and Rhine rivers along with Polish and Russian captives, German pri- have reported. The captured Germans said the Americans are given slightly better treatment than the others "they are not beaten and are not shot on the slightest provocation" but they have to work 18 hours a nd low 1 >S and lllfli nnd Inw anil M S3 53 M 53 BS .M .10 4ft- 47 44-43 0.......... 49-40 .10.......... .11.......... .12.......... -mperattirfs lo l> p, m. same date lait rear: Suniel nllhl: KSunrhe Dili morning: inlthl: ar.niinme 'fSuniet box, I found a small but formidable fort with steel and reinforced con- crete walls three to seven feet thick. I saw where three heavy caliber American shells had smashed flush against the face or mis fort and never fazed it. I saw how a heavy machine gun covered the wide ave- nue of approach and interlocked with flrclines from two other pill- boxes. Then I went to a house a fen- yards away where German pris- oners were awaiting evacuation and saw 3 hapless band of about 40 of the Volksstrum in non- descript uniforms, some of them as old as 50 and all of them ill-trained, bewildered, scrawny and frightened. Practically all said they had. been mustered in from their homes in Saarbrucken three weeks ago and brought Immediately to the Snar- lautern area to help man the Sieg- fried positions: One officer who had been leading men through the town house by house and pillbox by pillbox sum- med it up by saying: "Of course we are moving slowly because it's a damned tough Job and we're not going to kill men needlessly. But if the Germans had tlrst-class troops enough to man these positions as they should be mnnned, and those troops would fight to the death ns Hitler or- dered them, I don't see how we could bo expected to get through." Rofan Sailor Declared Dead ROTAN, 'Dec. Worth Smith, aviation machinist mate second-.class of the Navy, has been changed from the status of missing in action to that of killed, bis parents, Mr. and Mrs. Worth Smith of Rotan were informed in a letter from James Forrestal, secre- tary of the Navy. Petty Officer Smith was listed a; missing on Nov. 25, 1543, after his ship, the Liscome Bay, sustained an enemy torpedo hit at Maken island n the Gilberts and sank in 15 min- utes. There was known to be only one survivor of the. aft part of the ilight deck where Smith was sta- ;ioned. A survivor of the Lexington which was sunk in the Coral sea May 8, [942, Smith, helping evacuate the wounded, was the last enlisted man off the ship. He was home for 10 days in June 'ollowlng the sinking and reported :o San Diego, Calif., to attend the Air station for Instruction in ,he aviation machinists' mate school. On Feb. 22, 1943. he was married :o the former Dorothy Jean Lane n Yuma, Ariz., and three days lat- er was admitted to the Naval hos- Jital in San Diego, suffering an at- :ack of tropical fever previously contracted In the Pacific. After three months there, he was ionic on 40-day sick leave, later re- to the Naval station where le received his rating and wings as a flight mechanic in October, 1943. Young Smith was born at Anson July 5, 1924. He moved lo Rotan at an early age and was graduated from the local high school in 1941. Outstanding in athletics, lie lettered two years on the football team and won county and district honors in tennis. He was a Life Scout with merit badges for Eagle Scout and. was a leader in young peoples work of the Baptist church which he joined at 11. Mrs. Smith, daughter of Mrs. Imogene Lane of Rotan, enlisted in the Women's Army corps the past summer and trained at Ft. Ogle- thoroe, Ga. She is now stationed at Tinker field, Oklahoma City, Okla., and is expected home on furlough soon. Memorial services are planned for her husband in the Baptist church here after her ar- rival. A brother of the sailor, Hill Gard- ner Smith, 14, is a sophomore In Rotan high school. Thenter Was Quiet SHAWNEE. Okla., Dec. 13 Firemen sped to a theater as smoke billowed from the doorways. They found: One pot of badly scorched popcorn. ARMY WANT5 EVEN DAINTY SOUVENIRS SOMEWHERE IN THE PA- First Ma- rine division veterans pooh- pooh any Insinuations that they arc souvenir collectors. But they blushed when the order was posted lo turn along will) certain other "sou- venirs" all "40mm. antl-air- crafl guns" taken from Ihc .Taps. Such a weapon weighs ap- proxlmalcly pounds. THIS an aircraft production center and third largest city of Japan, was .attacked yesterday by American Superfortresses. Box in inset shoves area of detailed map and its relation to Tokyo. (AP wirephoto 90th Division's Song In Air Debut Tonight DALLAS, Dec. comes the 90th a song'cbm- posed overseas by .T-5th Kenneth P. Bennett, serving with the. Spe- cial Services headquarters of the 90th Infantry Division, will be played for the first, time In this country on the Eighth Service Com- mand program, "Command Com- over a Dallas radio sta- Scobie to Hear Greek Leftist's Peace Terms ATHENS, Dec. 13 W) As calm descended tonight on Athens for the first tune hi' a strife-torn week, It was reported in quarters that an emissary of Ibe ELAS (fighting branch of Ihe left-wing EAM parly) would call on Major Gen- eral Ronald M. Scobie-tomorrow to announce' acceplarice of British terms to end the civil This report-wasYcontrary -to the announcement' made tOBay b3' ELAS town criers who. roamed the streets .with megaphones, say- ing the terms offered by Scobie, British.commander In Greece, had been refused and "we shall fight .on if it means smashing Athens." According to the information from the Leftists, the ELAS will ask in return for their acceptance of the British conditions that they not be persecuted as a party and that Scobie accept a new national gov- ernment headed by someone other than Premier George Papandreou. The other will be made to Scobie by Alexander Svolos, former Fi- nance Minister in Papandreou's cabinet, it was said. TCT..AS forces attacked British po- sitions in the heart of the Capital loday, bul were held off or bealen and penetrated the British bar- racks compound were cornered and surrendered. Twenty-nine of the ETjAS, Including four officers, were taken prisoner. Six were killed and six wounded in this engagement. Briton Defends Greek Policy LONDON, Dec. 13 Labor ministers In Prime Minister Chur- chill's coalition government threw their whole support solidly behind British policy in Greece today aft- er their spokesman asserted Russia and President Roosevelt had agreed that "we (Britain) undertake the main problem of Greece." Ernest Bevln, Minister of Labor and head of Britain's biggest union, took the stump at a stormy labor convention to defend the Tory Prime Minister and shouted: "The steps which have been taken in Greece are not the decisions of Winston Churchill. They arc the decisions of the cabinet." He did not elaborate, but accused the left-wing ELAS of breaking a promise made by all Greek parties :o cooperate until plebiscite could be held to decide whether the country wanted a monarchy or republic. tibn (WFAA) Eighth Service tomorrow night, Command head- quarters said today. '..The song- was sent to this coun- tiy by Wick Fowler, staff corre- spondent of the Dallas News, on a .bomber as soon as it .was released by a-censor who could read music. The musical censor put his approval on the manuscript, after picking out the tune on a piano found In. a cellar of an occupied German town. Technician Fifth Grade Bennett, former Pampa school teacher and radio musical .director, was pianist with an orchestra in 1929 at a night club on the Dallas-Fort Worth pike. Red Army Plows On to Budapest LONDON, Thursday, Dec. Army armored columns, smashing through strong Nazi de- fenses northeast of Budapest yes- terday, captured.. Klsalag, seven miles" from the Hungarian Capital, Moscow announced. v In addition they seized the rail- way -towrrpof.Jsaszeg, di- re'ctifw Budapest, as ..the. Russians. their..preBSure from that direction and'hammered the'north- east and southeast entrances to the city with artillery and aerial blows. Isaszeg was captured in a five mile push south from Godollo, which fell Tuesday. The broadcast Moscow communi- que also announced the capture of seven other towns farther northeast of Budapest, Including Szurdokpus- poki, 12 miles north of the Russian occupied rail junction of Hatvan and on the rail line leading north from Hatvan to Lasonc In Slovakia. Surplus Property Names Approved WASHINGTON, Dec. 13 W) The Senate Military Affairs Com- mittee today approved President Roosevelt's first two nominees for the task of disposing of worth of surplus war proper- ty. The committee vote on Robert Hurley, former Governor of Conn- ecticut, and Lieutenant Colonel Ed- ward Heller, wealthy California business man was along party lines. Senator Gillette (D-Ia) is slated for appointment as the third mem- ber of the disposal board after ex- piration of his Senate term. The nominations probably will be called up tomorrow in the Senate, with administration forces confi- dent of obtaining speedy conflrma- j apan Abl azt i: WASHINGTON, Dec. Perhaps the mightiest armada of Superfortresses yet flung against Japan kindled huge fires and set off heavy. bomb blasts today in iiifc manufacturing area of Nagoya. More than 100 B-29's, it was indicated, composed the force which struck at the ri.-nnc. of the Mitsubishi aircraft plant and one of Japan's four principal manufacturing cenissrsj. First Gains Iwo Miles In Smash Roer Drive SUPREME HEADQUAR- TERS ALLIED EXPEDITION- ARY FORCES, Paris, Dec. 12 First Army Iroops astride the Roer river In the vicinity of Monschau, 24 miles soulhwpst of Durcn, opened a long awaited assaull against Ihe lefl flank of German forces de- ployed easl of Ihe river today and smashed nearly Iwo miles along bolh sides of the stream in a two-pronged Ihrust. Battlefront dispatches said Lieut- Goodfellows Have'Big'Day, Still Lack With only eight more shopping days until Christmas, Ihe Goodfel- lows fund had its biggest day yes- terday since its beginning this year. When questioned, O. A. Hale, Good- fellow purchaser, said "The Good- fel'ows are doing all right." "esterday's contributions were making the total gifts Approximately is still needed If the goal of is to be reached. "Wednesday's largest contribution came from the employees of the Texas Coca Cola Battling company, Contrbutions yesterday were: Mrs. L. F. 5.00 Mrs. W. C. Harris Jr......... 2.50 Mr. and Mrs. W. K. Batemnn 5.00 Mr. and Mrs. Arch D. Batjer 10.00 Mi. and Mrs. Homer H. Scott and Annette 5.00 Mr. and Mrs. Bill Ward..... 5.00 J. M. Radford Grocery co. 25.00 Raymond Thomason 5.CO American Legion Auxiliary 10.00 Mrs. Pearl Bnllcw 1.00 Earl W. Mil'er 1.00 Cash 1.00 tfrs. A. p. McLemore........ 10.00 Employes of Texas Coca Cola Bottling Co............ 51.00 ,Iiss Georgia M. Harris 5.00 tadlo station KRBC 25.00 Mrs. Jack Toby 5.00 Total .......................S171.50 Previous contributions 767.50 Total to date President to Give Christmas Eve Talk WASHINGTON, Dec. 13 WV- President Roosevelt will make his usual Christmas Eve radio address at p. m. over all major net- works. The White House did not say from, where he will speak. Last year, re- porting on the Cairo, and Teheran war conferences with'Prime Minis- ter Churchill and Premier Stalin, he spoke from his home at Hyde Park, N. Y. Army No Place for Tryout Court Rules Berkeley G. I. Must Stay Put NEW ORLEANS, Tec. The United States Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals held here to- day that a soldier could not terminate his services at will, nor a selectee enter the army on a trial basis. The ruling affirmed Judgment of tary service by Mayborn. ,he Northern Texas District Court which declined to interfere with a six months sentence at courtmar- Inl given George M. Mayborn for refusing to obey an order from his commanding officer to continue military training at Camp BarKcley on March 29, 1944. The court said that Mayborn previously had taken the induction examinations and complied with Army practices with exception of aklng the oath of allegiance, but .hat he told his superiors at a ater date that he would continue his training because of hln relig- ious beliefs. The Appellate Court said the tak- ing of the oath wns "not a pre- requisite to induction" and "the irregularities were cured or the right to invoke them was waived by the previous acceptance of mill- Air Field G! Held In Dallas Beating DALLAS, Dec. rady J. Flyn of the military police said today a signed statcmrnt, had been obtained from a 20-yrar-old private from Abilene nir field in the beating of two soldiers in their Dallas hotel room Saturday night. The injured are Sgt. .Jack C. Waltz, in Parkland hospital with a fractured skull, head bruises und lacerations; nnd Pvt. Woodwort'n Brown, at Ashburn General hospital with lacerations nnd a hrad injury. Captain Flyn snid an argument precrried the bent ings. He said tho Abilene soldier was being; held in the MP stockade here prior to bring returned to Abilene to face trial by courtmartial. enant General Courtney H. Hodges' Doughboys farther north drove the Nazis from the west bank of the Roer along a stretch of about five miles in the fourth day of their all- out effort to smash the enemy sal- ient across the river in the Duren area, and today's twin kick-off ex- tending the First Army's front to 25 miles in width turned the strug- gle for the gateway to the Cologne plain into a two-dimensional affair. On the south end of the Western Front, meanwhile, the spectacular drive of Lieutenant General Alex- ander M. Patch's Seventh Army to- ward the German palatinate was checked by blown bridges across the wide Seltzbach river east Haguenau and by jarring enemy counterattacks south of the border city of Wissembourg. Between the First and the Seventh Armies, Lieutenant General Gcorgo S. Pattern's Third Army measured Us gains In scores of yards as It fought through a maze of pillboxes and fortified houses of the Siegfried Line on the outskirts of Saalau- tern. Although the Third's ar- tillery continued to blast Saar- ibruckcn, there were no reports of gains against.the Saar capi- tal. weekii. Hodges has had troops fitatjob'd south 6f Monschau-0n th.ij east'side of the Roer, which flowa from Belgium past Monschau and northward past Duren, Julich and LInnlch before bending west again to Join the Maas in Holland, While other armored and infantry units slugged their way steadily to- ward Duren on both sides of the Aachen-Cologne highway, these doughboys today jumped off in a surprise attack that might turn the whole left flank of the German de- fenders of the Cologne plain. Yanks Clean Up Mess in Ormoc Words of Wisdom DALLAS, Dec. His es- tranged wife had his clothes nnri she wouldn't let him have them, so a ncRro plaintiff today souelit. relief In the Sixty-Eighth District Court. Judge Paine L. Bush Issued a mandatory injunction against trie wife, demanding Unit she turn the clothliiK over 'co the man. Under new Court rules, a Jutlfte must civc reasons for issuing such nn Injunc- tion, .so Judge Bush penned: "Tbr; weather Is cold nnd likely will eel colder." Tlie opinion stated: "The Idea that a soldiers' tenure in the service may be terminated at will, that a splec- tee may enter the Army on a trial basis and stay .'f he likes It or leave If he docs not, Is wholly foreign to the military concept In lime of war, and dia- metrically opposed to the ne- cessary policy of any sovereign." Today's decision upheld the Dis- trict Court's dismissal of a petition for habeas corpus filed by Mny- born challenging validity of his con- finement. TO SISTER ON THIS CHICAGO, Dec. KV -Sirs. Emily 24, and her sister, Mrs. Florence Lcszczyll- fki, 27, left SI. Elizabeth's hos- pital yesterday, far.li oarrylnfr a baby. They entered the hospital fctlier ncccmbfr 2 and within nn hour and one-half they Five lilrtll to tables of the samn weight, In the. same room, In adjacent beds, attended by Hie same physician. GENERAL MACARTIIIIR'S HEADQUARTERS, Philippines, Thursday, Dec. nf the L'. S. Seventh Division Ormoc, on the l.cyle island west const, are cleaning out pockets Japanese resistance, (o the cast of American positions, while the 77lh Division main- tains pressure lo the nnrtli, General Douglas IVTaeArtiitir said today. The 77th division, which captiirpd Ormoc Sunday and later was joined by the Seventh coming up from the i.n, has hrrn n'BrmipniK ILH units and sending pntrols north to probe enemy strength to the rear of the Ynmashlta defense line. Denrived of Ormoc. port tlirmmli which the Japanese received most of their supplies, the Nipponese are beins pressed into the mountains to the northwest, also under nttnek by the 32nri U. S. Division romlnc down from the Cnricarn Bay coftst and the First. Cnvalrv divr-ion driv- ing in from tho northeast. said the Japanese caught by the juncture of the Seventh nnd 77lli divisions wcri- suffering "extraordinary hf.ivy" lossf.s in their desprratp effort to escape over mountain trails. (Thomas Polster. NBC corres- pondent on Leyte, reixtrtcd cse ground forces there lire "com- pletely disorganized" nnd arc "scat- tering In nil directions, having lost contact, with their leaders." is the beginning of the end for the Emperor's forces here in the Ormoc valley." Folster said.) Three small Japanese transports loaded with troops were sunk in Ormoc harbor Tuesday night by American shore guns. The nlp- ponese appnrentiy were nnawarr th.it the Yntlks held tlie rmv-n wlicn the craft slipped into the harbor. Sixteen Japanese fighter-bomber.' attemptd to attack American tions around Ormoc Monday nifiht and curly Tuesday morning. Marine Corsair fighters shot down five nt- tackers. Brig. Gen. Haywood chief of Saipan the mission a success with dHsiigci extensive. He added "re- ports indicated no B-29 was.1 over the targets. Meanwhile Yank liberatioif. Dec. 13 Is full of alarming 'roHH- spread by persons who, jsji nese newspaper "Shlmban" iil were "more dangerous ilja a "Tass" dispatch- flf Tokyo broadcast t Moscow radio declared, ;J on Leyte Island in the FhUijipms; scored gains north of orj. moc as General Douglas Mac.i.'Uny: said "enemy losses are arily heavy." Three small. nese troop ships trying to slip ifiii the Ormoc area were sunk by. erican guns. Yank fliers continued to pK3i3 Japanese oil centers on -Sarijss.--. They fired tanks and refineries :ti Tarakan. The B-29S, possibly apwiiriis of 100, threw defenses ancc by first Tokyo then switching' sudditiiy to Nagoya. They ficW'into'Jiailri: winds to slow their speed iintf went over the targets as as feel lower than This undoubtedly ffreafly-.'r.l- proved their visual aim. The city of more than populace, housing many.war ijjniSf WASHINGTON, Dec. Heavy explosions and large were reported by B29 fUen'ifiri) raided Nagoya today. tries, presents one of est fire hazards. Most of ands of homes and plants irt jif highly Inflammable Radio Tokyo reported igiiwr'-'qriS over the TokyoiYp'fiSiWBfc district, other points on Hjlithu, Shlkoku Island" south of the ialsncf sea, Korea and the Dalreh near Port Arthur. ri Tlie Japanese claimed were slight and that Nippon irier- ceptors were "believed to have li.ius- See JAPAN, Tg. 3, Col. 1 School Bus Fund From Goal: The Kiwanls-sponsored CtUn.fciigii. to secure Icr purchase bus to be used oy school athletic and other started some weeks ago. hact ted, through last nifjht, short of the gonl. A .special effort Is beiiii; iv Ms its wfriik to reach the Max Lanfprd anc! Nib Shaw, co- chnirmen of the sponsoring mlttee, stated. "Out of all the Individual! Ki- wanians have contacted, not Tver's than 10 or 15 failed to conirii.'i.'t? to the they said. They stiessed the point UmL not the Kiwanis club alone but tiro town is in on the drive itntl Rifts are welcome from srej.7 son and organization. "A bus would be very useful only to the varsity team high school, but to the B j the junior high school squnos ZOi' their fall Conch Jako :ii- Icy of Abilene high declared .'.ftst "Our schedule has been Hm. for the B team and the junior rir teams because of K lack of portntion." Latest, contributors reportcil Jii II. L. Bowen ................it Meyer Blanke............... .G Morgan Hampton E 6 D. W. Nrster................. 5 i L. P. Walter of- Uoyd Anderson h: J. M. Kiidford Grocery Co. 250 KRT3C 25 Oi Annonmyous Contributions may be given mailed to Homer Scotl. of the drive, at the Citizens1 (icmal bank. Ward Strike DETROIT, Dec. CI I marshalled nil its Detroit tonight to support the strike of United Retail, Wholesale find parlment Store Employer, four stores of Montgomery Wsra f Company In this nren. Cemetery Parley FORT WORTH, Dec. 13 Wl The Texns Cemeteries Association was prepared to conclude its two- day session here today following dis- cussions of proposed legislation. TlM convention yesterday discuss- ed an amendment to the present Texas law concerning operation of perpetual cc.rc cemeteries. The law now requires the selling Of certain funds for that purpose. ;