Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - December 13, 1944, Abilene, Texas
SIXTH WAR LOAN County Quota .... $3,395,000.00
Scries E Quota ......$l,05o,000.00
Series E Sales ..... $ 988,741.50
VOL. LXIV, NO. 175
“WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COES.
A TEXAS NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 13, 1944
Associated Press (AP)
United pres, iVS-J PRICE FIVE CENTS
More Nips Pound for Leyte Die
f GENERAL MacARTHUR’S HEADQUARTERS, Philippines, Dec. 13.—(AP)— More thousands of Japanese troops were drowned off western Xeyte Monday and Tuesday Zn Philipoines inland seas diers, spilled to their death from bomb-blasted reinforcement convoys.
The latest losses occurred as
♦ American planes, attacking; for 36 hours, accounted for five transports and four destroyers of an 11-ship convoy despite the terrific battle put up bv cover-
^ in* Nipponese fighter aircraft.
• Night - prowling patrol-torpedo boats blasted a sixth transport, leaving only a destroyer of the convoy to get away unscathed. Gen. Douglas MacArthur, whose
Devious communique accounts of •he devastation wrought on eight
Supers Strike Inflammable Nagoya
B-29s Strew Bombs
21ST BOMBER COMMAND, Saipan. Dec. 13.—(AP) — Nagoya, one of Japan’s most inflammable targets, was bombed at midafternoon today by a force of B29s equalling or exceeding the largest group yet to hit Japan.
Upsetting enemy defenses, the Superforts made a feint toward Tokyo and then cut northwest to Nagoya, withdraw* ag over Nagoya bay after making their bombing runs.
(Radio reports from Tokyo, picked up by FCC, said “about Superforts participated in strikes against the Tokyo-
By The Associated Press
Tokyo radio fanned the fires of propaganda today in a rather obvious attempt to whip up the homeland’s fighting spirit.
Without any Allied confirmation, it said:
The emperor’s palace grounds have been bombed by B-29s.
The emperor has visited a famed shrine to pray for victory.
An island in the Philippines-tiny and of questionable mili
tary value—has been “completely occupied.”
These broadcasts were made at
a time when military disaster
threatens the forces of Japan’s hero
of Singapore, Lt. Gen. Tomoyuki
Yamashita, on west Leyte.
* * *
The most popular figure t h e , Japanese could use in a time of
I stress is the slightly built emperor, Hirohito. Knowing that, directors of the Superfortress raids have ; been supplied B-29 pilots with maps
of Tokyo and instructed them to scrupulously avoid dropping bombs on the palace.
A Tokyo home broadcast, recorded in Melbourne and reported from London, claimed that B-29 bombs had damaged a manor house on the palace grounds.
It is interesting to note tills is a broadcast for homeland consumption -and that the Japanese man on the street has to believe what he hears inasmuch as the enclosed
, palace grounds sightseers.
I The broadcast account of the i emperor's visit to the famed shrine of Ise at Ujiyamada significantly I coupled with it an exhortation to I the Japanese people to "relieve the great thoughts of hts imperial majesty bv crushing the enemies. America and Britain.”
• * •
Another broadcast directed to North Vmerica, said Japanese troops had occupied I’onson is
land In the Camotes sea below American-won Ormoc and “frustrated enemy plans to use that island as a base for his torpedo boats.”
There has been no Allied report that American troops were on Pon-son island which can be effectively neutralized by Yank planes and naval units And there are several places on west Leyte easily usable as PT bases including Ormoc itself.
Yokohama vicinity, Nagoya and Hamamatsu, on Honshu is land, Shikoku island south of the Inland sea. and Korea. The Nippon Domei agency said damage was slight and that Japanese interceptors were “believed to have caused heavy losses
to the enemy.”)
Where bombing runs on Tokyo were made with the wind
other convoys estimated at least 3o!- at great speed over the target, today’s Superforts went into
000 enemy soldiers perished, said to- action in the face of a westerly wind, slowing then speed day concerning the ninth convoy: ancj probably increasing the accuracy of their bombing.
“Enemy troop losses by drown- The pla^es a]s0 f]ew 3,000 to 4,000 feet lower than they
heavy1"” Ml€VtA to haV<“ been did in the Tokyo raids, flying under the cirrus cloud layer
1 * * • I to avoid leaving vapor trails.
As Gen Jimmv Doolittle’s daring raids did more than
two years ago, the B29s employed the great Nagova castle on the city’s highest ground about seven miles north of the
docks area as a landmark.
Downtown Nagoya’s commercial district has few build*
ings higher than two or three
The six transports and five destroyers were spotted Monday at dawn off northwest Leyte.
During the day. Army and Marine plane.-, boring through swarms of Nipponese fighters over the convoy, •sank three destroyers, a transport of 10,000 tons, a second of 5,000 tons and a third of 4,000 tons.
That night, two patrol-torpedo boats, commanded by Lt. John M. McElfresh, of Olean, N. Y.,
.0 and Lt. Melvin W. Haines, of Evanston, IU., sent down a 5,-000 top transport of the convoy at anchor at Palompon.
Palompon, connected by a poor, winding trail to the Ormoc corridor, is the supply port of last resort #'or the Japanese since the loss of Ormoc port, 16 miles to the southeast.
Tuesday at Palompon, Yank planes so severely blasted a fourth destroyer and two frelght-trans-oorts that all probably sank.
J* Fifty enemy planes were destroyed in combat with five additional probable,” today’s communique said. “We lost eight fighters.”
Japan has lost wrell over 1,000 planes in the fight for Leyte. The reinforcement convoy losses * to date total 39 transports and 28 escorting warships.
Still plagued by rains. Yank ground forces on west Leyte maintained pressure on Lt. Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita’s defenders below Limon In the north sector of the Ormoc '"corridor. At the south end, captors of Ormoc port organized the base ‘‘for further operations.”
Even if the Japanese succeeded in getting troops and equipment over to the Ormoc corridor from Palom-ag-jon. they would face the same peril of the troops already there—entrapment between the 32d infantry
World Price on Cotton Favored
WASHINGTON, Dec. 13—(/Pi— j William L. Clayton told senators today he favors a world price for j American cotton, with inducement payments to domestic growers who j
change to other crops.
The 64-year-old Houston, Tex., cotton broker, nominated for assist- j ant secretary of state, was questioned before the senate foreign relations committee in Its second ! day inquiry into six department appointments. (Background story on Page 5).
Chairman Connally (D-Tex) said the group had decided to recall Archibald Maddish, one of those nominated for assistant secretary.
In response to questions by Senator LaFollette (Prog-Wis), Clayton endorsed a proposal he said had been made by Secretary of Agriculture Wickard that American cotton be permitteed to seek its world price level. Clayton said he thought domestic price supports without subsidies would increase cotton production elsewhere in the world His idea, the gray haired witness
j said, was to provide income pay-
division southbound from Limon ments to domestic ex ton producers and the 77th and seven, in position , to aid them in changing over to
to strike north from Ormoc.
I .some other crop.
Sergeant Slightly Wounded on Leyte
stories except the eight nine story government offices, banks and stores.
In 1938 the city had 315,402 wood and plaster buildings and only 662 of concrete or brick.
It was large clusters of factories on the waterfront and on the northwest and northeast suburbs. The central commercial district, just south-southeast of the castle’s eastern side is confined mostly to residential districts.
Nagoya is served by four trunk railways which handled more through freight cars in 1936 and 1937 than any other Japanese terminal.
In peacetime it was Japan’s fourth busiest seaport.
* * t
Nagoya’s wealth of industrial targets includes aircraft factories, arsenals. electric plants, electrochemical plants, machinery, machinery tool factories, explosives and iron works.
The city also fits perhaps better than any other big city this description—it is inflammable.
It has densely crowded residential districts and mushrooming. congested industrial sections whose narrow streets are crowded with small wooden shacks even in the city's heart. This provides a great fire hazard.
Unlike Tokyo and other major cities, aster
cleaned up Nakoya.
Several B-29s made night reconnaissance flights over the Nagoya area the past few days. A plane commanded by Lieut. Col. Flank L. Davis of Cornwall, N. Y.. found it blacked out. with no searchlights, ack-ack or interception.
rail SEVENTH AND THIRD ARMIES
acvcr'jn * GAIN—Arrows indicate U. S. Seventh and Third army
drives. The Seventh pushed to Seitz. Tuesday in a drive toward Karlsruhe, German Rhineland city. The Third was engaged in heavy fighting in the Dillmgen area north of Saar-lautern and took Pliesbruck near Sarreguemines. (AI* Wirephoto Map). ___
Nazis Hurl Panzers nto Cologne Battle
Bv United Press
Blue network broadcasts from the First army front said today that the Americans advanced a mile and one-half In i n,ri-h tack south of Buren and cleared the towns of Martiaweiler. wHler and Hoven on the approaches of Buren.
By the Associated Press The southern wing of the U. S. First army jumped o f today below Duren in a new attack pointed toward the Rhine river citv of Bonn, and advanced more than a mile within three hours, penetrating Rolleshrotch, 3o miles west
Wf BAt” the same time the American right flank on the western front hammered out new gains close to the Reich frontier in a wheeling movement pivoted on captured Sar* reguemines. U. S. Seventh army artillery was trained on large sections of Nazi defenses inside the German I animate. The new First army advance, between the Hurtgen a
4 1-2 miles east of captured Rotgen. German Fifth tank army has
Sgt. Silas A. Sheek has been slightly wounded in action, his wife, the former Billie Ruth Thurman, 1051 South 4th has been notified by the War department The telegram received by Mrs. Sheek said the sergeant was injur ed Oct. 24 on Leyte. A letter from (Applv to War Manpower him earlier had stated he was shot
ommission, 1141 North 2nd). the >**• but the wound *as not .. , , , serious.
\eterans placed since j gergeant Sheek is serving in
-Sept. I 243 medical unit
Veterans placed yesterday 9 He has been
Interviewed yesterday Referred yesterday Routed to other agencies yesterday Jobs listed
of Hie 96th division, overseas since July landing first in Hawaii and later sent to the Philippine campaign Before entering the Army, he was employed at a wholesale grocery here. His father is Jess Sheek, route four.
E s Suggested As Yule Gifts
Facing a Saturday night deadline, Taylor county today was $67,-258.40 away from its Series E bond goal of $1,055,000 for the Sixth War Loan.
As the close of the campaign neared, County Chairman C. M.
Armour Named Envoy to Spain
WASHINGTON, Dec. 13.—(/Pi— Tile White House announced today the resignation of Carlton Hayes as ambassador to Spain and the nomination of Norman Armour to replace him.
Armour now is acting director of the State department’s office of American republic affairs. At the time of the appointment of Secretary of State Stettinius and the reshuffling of the top level of department positions, President Roosevelt announced he would give Armour an important new position.
By UNITED PRESS
Near zero temperatures were predicted for some sections of the East today, following in the wake of the season’s first major snowstorm. which blanketed most of the nation as far south as Georgia and westward into Nebraska and the mountain states.
no earthquake or fire dis- Caldwell issued greetings to Taylor in the last 50 years has count,ans wlt[) R plta thlt bondJ
be used for Christmas gifts.
“I am wishing for all of you a pleasant Christmas, and while I understand these words may seem just a little empty, still I believe that we should go on as nearly as we can with a normal life, leaving off some of our frivolities and especially some of our wasteful habits,” he said.
“I believe that at this season when our dollars which we put in bonds count so much in reinforcing our young men and women in the service, and at the same time furnishing us a nest egg for the future, we should think in terms of bonds in remembering our friends these Christmas holidays.
“You will pardon me for stating that I believe eighty percent of my Christmas to others will be bonds. I wish that each citizen would take this to heart this week and let us finish this $1,055,OOO We are within $67,258.40 of the E bond goal, and the government has asked us to finish it by Saturday night; so I am earnestly soliciting every citizen now to think in terms of the E bonds.”
* * *
Coleman county added another $24,000 in Sixth War Loan Bond purchases to its mounting total last night at a rally featuring the Abilene Army Air base show.
GREEK REBELS FIGHT AS LEADERS DEBATE TRUCE
ATHENS, Dec. 13—(ZP)—EL AS troops staged strong but unsuccessful attacks against the center of Athens during the night even while their leaders were debating British orders to cease fighting.
The strongest assault was aimed at a British barracks northeast of the heart of the capital on the Ki-flssia road.
A British communique broadcast from Athens said further British reinforcement* had gone into action, that some progress had been made against the EL AS 75-millimeter gun firing on central Athens.)
SENATORS HEAR FAG SHORTAGE TO BE MORE ACUTE NEXT YEAR
Hole Ripped in Budapest Line
MOSCOW, Dec. 13.—(ZP)—Russian assault forces pointed toward Budapest today from newly-captured Godollo. IO 1-2 miles to the northeast. while artillery drew up In close formation at the northern and southern outskirts of the Hungarian capital Despite the close approach of the Red army siege semi-circle no front dispatches mentioned anything about the fall of the Hungarian capital being “Imminent
The city's inhabitants have fled westward by the thousands and the German garrison was said to have dug in apparently determined to hold out until full destruction of the metropolis.
From the Russian position many fires could be observed inside the city.
The fall of Godollo ripped a wide gap in the enemy's defense lines northeast of Budapest. An important rail junction, it was the last major enemy bastion controlling the approaches from that direction A Soviet communique raid the Germans lost 400 killed in its fall yesterday.
The Moscow communique also announced capture of Sajoszentpet-er) IO miles north of Miskolc, and ten other towns in the central Slovakia border area.
MaJ.-Gen. Ronald M. Scobie, Wuv«u^w. ......_____
British commander in Greece, etui I ThV^Tenth Purged to points
awaited a reply to his cease-fire ^ mUeR gQUth of the German terms to the ELA*-. and there were iut , d n 1-2 miles north of
indications the leftist leaders were Pal*tinaTe
Monschau forests, was
To the north where the new ---------
been thrown in on the Duren front the First arm>' to within a half mile of Duren and massed on a 1,000-yard front alone the west bank of the Roer river.
It may now be disclosed that the Germans have pitted their new Fifth Panzer (tank) army against the I. S.Jirsl army on (hr Cologne plain. The commander is Gen Haw Eckardt von Manteuffel. 47. veteran of the siege of Bizerte which have claimed far in excess of 30,000 Nipponese sol-in North Africa. His army in-eludes armored units, regulai infantry and Volksgrenadier troops.
Americans of the Third armv pressed 6 1-2 miles east of Sarreguemines, reaching Obergeil-bach, a half mile from the Reich frontier. The Seventh advanced beyond the Maginot line and within sight of Germany on the Rhine valley Invasion route.
In advances of more than eiizht
FLOATING BALI NAZI WEAPON
wavering in the fight to force the resignation of Premier George Pa-pandreou.
Strong, infiltrating ELAS forces scaled walls in darkness and penetrated the British barracks compound containing gasoline, ammunition, field artillery, and armor By sunrise they had been driven into a corner after suffering heavy loss of life, but this battle continued.
* • *
Scoble’s terms were presented yesterday to Miltiades Porphyroge-nis, representative of the EAM (National Liberation Front) and former minister of labor in Parandre-ou’s cabinet, who was brought to British headquarters in a British army vehicle.
The terms laid Attica province-Athens—must lay down their arms at once and that elsewhere in Greece the ELAS must undertake to obey British orders. They were announced after Scobie had conferred with Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander, Allied Mediterranean commander, who had hastened here to seek a speedy end to the hostilities.
captured Haguenau. reaching Seitz. 15 miles from Karlsruhe, a major German city. The drive seemed aimed at Lauterborg on the frontier key to the Rhineland industrial area of Ludwigshaten and Mannheim, 40 miles away.
Third army units in the western Saar basin threw back counterattacks In the Dlllingen area above Saarlaugern and fought fiercely in nearby Fraulautern.
In the north German defenses west of the Roer virtually collapsed. The Germans seemed to have withdrawn their main forces across the river to prepared positions at and behind shattered Duren.
On the southern sector of ’lie western front French First army forces on the Alsatian plain seized
PARIS, Dec. 13—(/PT—-As the Allied armies ground out new gains on the western front today, the Germans were disclosed to have thrown a new ‘device” into the war—mysterious silvery balls which float in the air.
Pilots report seeing these objects, both individually and in clusters, during raids over the Reich.
(The purpose of the floaters was not immediately evident.
It is possibly that they represent a new anti-aircraft defense instrument or weapon.
(This dispatch was heavily censored at supreme headquarters.)
E50 Is Added to Goodfellow Fund
The Goodfellow fund had reached $843 this morning with an addition of $92 50. Still far in the distance is the $2,000 goal set by the
, .. IDI LUf* Mi i r f -jneo IX (lit*
down by Scobie several towns west of Mulhouse and j committee to supply Abilene's needy which includes grouncj out gains in the Vosges foot- famlUps with christmas essentials.
hills. , . Mr*. J. D. Kynsston
In the air war, RAF bombers Mm onir Trion
dropped firebombs on Essen, anna- Jr
mcnt center, during the night. Mr( w ( Harris Jr
operations against Ger- Mr
WASHINGTON, Dec. 13— UP)— j Senators heard today that the cigaret shortage may become more acute in 1945.
Col. Fred C. Foy, director of purchases for the Army service forces, told the senate war investigating committee that anticipated Army purchases “point to a demand on the cigaret industry in excess of hat being placed upon it currently”
The committee, trying to find out I FYTF CASUALTIES REMOVED TO HOSPITAL SHIP— | what has become of history’s great-T wo Am e r^ca n lighting men, wounded in (he hitter action on
Leyte Island in the Philippines, are removed by Coast fJow in part-. from increased Army Guardsmen for eventual transfer to a hospital ship. (AP procurement.
^Wirephoto from Coast Guard) I While cigarets have been either
scarce or unobtainable in many post exchanges in the European theater, the witness said, “this is a direct result” of limited facilities for unloading ships. Food, gasoline, and heavy artillery take precedence, he explained.
He estimated that the Army uill have taken approximately 68,000,-000,000 cigarets out of a total 1944 production of 330,000,000,000 although it could use 77,000,000,000.
He laid the heavy overseas drain to two major causes: heavier requisitions from European and Pacific commanders as offensive campaigns intensified and the purchase at home of large numbers of cartons for shipment to soldiers in Christmas packages.
Pion Review of Job Deferments
AUSTIN, Dec. 13.—(UP)—A review of draft classifications of men holding jobs unessential to the war 37 effort was being planned here to-1 day by Brig. Gen. J. Watt Page, state selective service director.
Pa,ge said his action was in line with the James F. Byrnes' manpower directive, which poses an indirect coercion to keep workers on the jobs in a last effort—short of a national labor draft—to lick the biggest bottleneck in the critical war production program, the manpower problem.
many in a 24-hour period to four i major attacks on eight cities by 4.000 British and American planes. The British last 13 bombers, the Americans. ll bombers and nine fighters, I in the four attacks. _
36th Division With j French First Army
DALLAS, Dec. 13 — (JP) - Wick Fowler, staff correspondent of the Dallas Morning News, rn a Eton datelined "With the First French Army in France,” says this French army now has the 36th (Texas) division under its command,
The French army broke German defenses in the southern Vosges mountains.
“Fighting alongside the Ameri-Minlmum temperature last 12 hours, ; ^ arp the picturesquely uniform-temperati RES ed French colonial troops, the wed tup Tue-Mon (anabia and Goums," says Fowler. am Hour p.Mjj ;.slnce regular French army troops wear American uniforms, it Is difficult otherwise to distinguish between the men of the 36th and their Allies.
‘‘Whether the transfer of com-^ „ mand from the American Seventh us it it £ Jo I only temporary was not announced. ... 45 12— 4i 31 I taut the shift was made in order to
Sunrise this morning ..............8 31 i facilitate tactical movements ”
Sunset tonight M
and Mr*. VV. K. Bateman . and Mrs. Arch IV Batjrr . Mr. snit Mrs Horner H. Scott and Annette Mr *nd Mr*. Bill Ward ....
J. M Radford Grocery to. ... Ii a ' rn olid Thomason ....
american I egion .Auailiary ... Mrs. Pearl Ballew .. ....
jarl VV Miller ...............
v on 2 50 5. no 10.00
85.00 \ «0
10.00 I .OO
Bl P AR I MI M OI COMMERCE WEATHER BERE Al'
ABILENE AND VICINITY Fair th. afternoon, tonight and Thursday Afternoon temperatures today in the 50 s. Lowest reading Thursday morning. (5.
FAST TEXAS Fair this afternoon, tonight and Thursday; warmer south portion tonight temperatures .16-40 north and 40 40 south portion tonight.
WEST TEXAS: Fair this afternoon, tonight and Thursday; war mar with lowest temperatures 34-38 Panhan-die South Plains and oast of the Pe COS river 2K 32 Pecos river westward
Maximum temperature last 24 hours
Jap Minister Dies
Bv The Associated Press
Minister Kamesaburo Yamashita, 76 , president of the Yamashita steamship company and a member of Premier Gen. Kuniaki Koiso s 12-man cabinet advisory board, died today of pneumonia at his villa in Kanagawa prefecture, Japanese Domei news agency-
^hopping Slays till (£hristmas