Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - December 11, 1938, Abilene, Texas
VOL. LVIII, NO. 194
Wyt Abilene Sporter
"Wi l lIOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES "-Byron.
AMOclate* Prm (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, BUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER ll, 1938 —THIRTY-SIX PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS.
Cnltrd PrfM (UP)
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Weigh Reich's Next Moves In Drive To East
Political Unrest Stretches From Baltic To Africa
LONDON, Der. IO—(ZF}—Political unrest stretched today from the Baltic to the Black sea in eastern Europe and, in the west, on down into Africa under nazi or fascist inspiration in some form or other.
Ominous rumblings in the east extended along Germany’s entire border from little Memel, once part of the Hohenzollern empire, to Rumania.
They led to discussion in London and elsewhere of whether—and, if so, where—Germany would move again in her ’ Drang Nach Osten ’ —Drive to the East—while Italy her axis partner, kept Great Britain and Prance worried in the Mediterranean aera.
(Tunisia, French North African protectorate, has been the focus of unofficial fascist agitation since Nov. 30. Prance for half a century has recognized special Italian rights in the 48,300-square-mtle area.
• Specific objectives of the fascist clamor have not been outlined but the authoritative editor of ll Giornale Dltalia, Virginio Gayda. has stated Italy would be receptive to new negotiations over Italian rights.
TROUBLE SPOTS CLUE
Where the Germans would act first remained uncertain but three trouble spots offered possible clues.
I. In Memel, long the center of a dispute between Germany and Lithuania, extreme nazis closed a bold campaign for diet elections to be held tomorrow with statements they considered the voting a plebiscite for return to Germany.
2 Poland is confronted with the demand of 15 Ukrainian dep Hies for autonomy within the framework of the Polish government for the polish Ukraine, an area of 50,000 square miles.
3. Rumania continued her efforts to crush the nazi-like iron guard while some nazis in Berlin hinted King Carol, in their opinion, might not be able to hold his throne much longer.
Anson Girl Dies Of Car Injuries
Speeding Auto Strikes Down Tot Near Home
ANSON, Dec. IO—fSpl.)—Struck down this morning by a speeding automobile as she was crossing a highway near her home, little four-year-old Nellie Faye Morgan died today about noon in a Stamford hosoital.
She was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Morgan who live in south Anson.
Both the child's hips and legs were broken and her head crushed. R. L. Henderson of Dallas was diving the machine that hit the girl. Other occupants of the car were his wife and Ottis Vetch of Dallas.
Local officers investigated the accident and reported that it was apparently unavoidable.
Funeral will be held Sunday at 2 p. rn. at Midway. Cecil E. Hill, local Church of Christ minister, will officiate.
Survivors are the child's parents, a sister. Merle Jean, 20 months and a brother. Leroy. She was born January 6. 1934.
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WITH DEFEAT THREATENED ON TOBACCO AND RICE
Cotton Growers Vote Smaller Quota Margin
O DANIEL SEEKS TO PREVENT CHARTER FORFEITURE BY FLOUR COMPANY
FORT WORTH, Dec. IO — (UP)—The W. Lee O Daniel flour company today rushed to Austin a franchise tax report and a $5 penalty payment in an attempt to prevent forfeiture of the corporation's state charter.
Governor-Elect O'Daniel said
that he would resign as president of the corporation before he takes office as governor next month.
Secretary of State Edward Clark in Austin announced that the charter was “forfeited” last July 2 because the firm
failed to file a franchise tax
“We paid the franchise tax on time,” O’Daniel explained, ‘‘but the bookkeeper overlooked sending in a report with it. He wrote the secretary of state that a report would follow, but
it didn't. So many reports are required of corporations that it was overloked.
“We were notified of the error only today, and actually have until January before the charter is finally forfeited.” The governor-elect denied
that he had any state appointments ready to announce. He said that he had inquired among legislators on the abilities of Rep. Abe M, Mays of Atlanta, author of a $50,000,000 omnibus tax plan. It has been reported that Mays w ll be named as secretary of state.
DISCUSSED BY WCTOG SPEAKERS—
Federal Control Is Bugaboo For Oil Men
HE'S INCOMING PRESIDENT
A. J. (Art) FRAZIER
Photo by Thurman. * *
Abilenian Again WCTOG’s Head
A. J. Fraxier Succeeds J. C. Hunter;
Breck And Cisco Men Vice-Presidents
An Abilenian for the third year will head the West Central Texas Oil Si Gas association.
A. J. tArt> Frazier, member of tic firm of Ungren Si Frazier of Abilene, was announced new president of the association last night by J. D. Sandefer Jr., chairman of the nominating committee, who also presented other officers and new directors.
Frazier succeeds J. C. Hunter, only president of the association to serve two terms in the seven-year history.
C. K. West of Breckenridge was named first vice president, Charles of Cisco second vice 1-;-
Thompson, API Executive Deny U.S. Has Right
Smith Announces He's Next Chief Of Commission
The bugaboo of federal control loomed large in talks Saturday at the seventh annual convention of the West Central Texas Oil & Gas association, where hundreds of independents and major company men heard state officials and men of prominence in the oil industry through a round of discussions of their problems. NOT DISCOUNTED
Its possibilities were not discounted, although such speakers as col. Ernest O. Thompson, chairman of the Texas railroad commission, and Wm. R. Boyd of New York, executive vice president of the American petroleum institute, declared such regulation would be unfeasible and unconstitutional.
“I don’t believe the federal government has any power to set up a commission to regulate a state's production without the state’s consent," Boyd asserted.
Thompson said the production of oil is not commerce. ’ And ii producing oil is not commerce, it couldn’t be called interstate commerce.
“Therefore the federal government has no right to regulate the production of oil.”
Thompson outlined five basic I regulations which he said it would | be necessary to enforce a general proration policy would approach such perfection as to eliminate disturbances now with the industry.
These were to determine the most efficient rate of flow for every oil field, obtain bottomhole pressures and limit the flow to preserve reservoir energy; to restrain from overdrilling, to fix a definite pool allocation, and to use market demand as a guide to determine a fields allowance.
Realignment of the Texas railroad commission after the first of the year also came in for emphasis in talks by G. A. (Jerry) Sadler,
See WCTOG, Pg. 2. Col. 5
HE'S RETIRING PRESIDENT
Vote Off 7 Per Cent From 1937
19 Of Cotton States Cast 881,740
For And 163,708 Against Quotas
WASHINGTON, Dec. IO—(AP)—Early returns from farmer referenda in the South and far West showed mixed trends j tonight for the new deal’s crop control program—stiff opposition from growers of flue-cured tobacco and rice and a favor-able majority from cotton producers.
A wave of negative votes threatened defeat for a proposal of the Agricultural Adjustment administration that it be given authority to control sales of the tobacco in 1939.
Incomplete but fairly representative reports from the 19 cotton-producing states gave a substantial majority for a similar proposal for the South’s big crop.
In the case of each crop, the favorable vote of two-thirds of the farmers casting ballots *
1 County Favors Quotas 5 To 2
Tabulation Lists 762 Ballots For And 284 Against
Taylor county farmers voted 5 to
2 in favor of enacting of cotton marketing quotas in a referendum held Saturday.
The total vote for the county was 762 for the quotas. 284 against, according to a tabulation D.y Arthur L. Cook, adjustment assistant for the county.
If the entire cotton belt votes by a 2 to I majority In favor of the quotas, they will be enacted on the 1939 crop.
Taylor county vote bv boxes:
J. C. HUNTER
Photo by Thurman.
WCTOG CLOSES MEETING WITH RECORD TURNOUT AT BANQUET
was necessary to put the control system into effect. RESULTS EYED
Tabulations showed 881.740 favoring cotton marketing quotas and 163,708 opposing them, representing a favorable majority of 84 3 per cent. The favorable vote in the last cotton referendum was 92 per cent.
In a referendum on rice quotas, early reported showed a vote of 2,01 i for an I 986 against for a majority of 50.3 per cent, or more than 16 per cent short of the necessary margin.
Administration leaders anxiously awaited results of the referenda for a guide in drafting recommendations to the new congress.
Texas Rolls Up 76 Per Cent Majority
COLLEGE STATION, Dec. 12 — (A*)—Returns to AAA headquarters tonight from 211 of 236 counties voting showed 134,472 for and 41,717 against cotton maiketing quotas, approximately a 76 per cent majority.
E N Holmgre?n, state AAA administrator. said opposition votes were running about Ilk* they did last year, when Texas gftve quotas an 83 per cent majorltjvbut that a comparatively light turn-out apparently accounts for “a difference on paper.’’
Of 13 counties not reporting a favorable majority, seven did likewise last year. All but nine of 40 counties so far lacking the necessary two-thirds majority for universal application of the quotas are minor cotton counties, Holmgreen said.
Earlier unofficial returns today had indicated a heavy vote, and there had been considerable pre-referendum interest In the issue because of a sahrp campaign conducted against the AAA plan for crop control by adherents of domestic allotment plan, led by state
See QUOTAS, Pg. 2. Col. 4
Potosi ............... 31
Wylie ................ 31
Tye .................. 36
Tuscola .............. 63
utman ............. 14
nt ................ 43
Shep ................ 62
Bradshaw ........... 58
Lawn ................ 81
Butterfield ........... 41
5 29 16 16 12
Nozis Convict 25
BERLIN, Der. IO.— ZP—Adolf Hitler s newspaper Voelkischer Beo-bachter reported tonight ’’at least 25” persons accused of high treason were sentenced to prison terms at the end of a week-long session of the people’s court.
J. Kleiner president, succeeding Frazier and Ralph Fleming of Albany respectively.
Bailey Lewis, Abilene, was named treasurer of the association, succeeding Ed King.
J. C. Watson, who became assistant to the president of the association last spring, was elevated to the post of executive-secretary.
Three Abilenians. O. B. Stephens, Dale H Dom and Tom F. Grisham, were added to the directorship.
Other new directors are John Pope, Anson; W. C. Russell, Hamlin; James H. Beall Jr., Sweetwater; G. D. Chistain, Ranger; Guy Patterson, Rotan; Merrick Davis. Albany; R. C. McCarter, Rising Star; L. C. Harper, Bryson; Tom Largent, Merkel; E. R. March-man, Graham; R. M Williams Jr., Graham; F. W. Peckham, Stamford; E. E. Kirkpatrick, Brownwood.
Hunter and Fleming automatically become members of the board of directors at their retirement from office.
Stephens County Attorney Dead
FORT WORTH. Dec. IO—iJF)—S. J. Osborne, 75, of Breckenridge, county attorney of Stephens county and a pioneer public official iii Texas, died in a hospital here this morning.
Mr. Osborne, who was serving his second term as Stephens county attorney, was re-elected to the office without opposition this year.
He previously had been state representative from Kaufman county, which he also had served as county attorney, and he had served as county judge of county. .
Goodfellows' Donations Lag
Snap out of it, Goodfellows!
Donations to the Goodfellows fund are not merely lagging; they’re dropping shamefully.
Through Saturday onlv $76492 had been rung up. only $65.60 coming in Saturday. That leaves $1,250 to go.
O. A Hale, buyer for the Goodfellows, said last night that he couldn’t start buying until is received
“These folks have just got to shell out with that money if we're going to feed these folks," he said. “These
FDR Wills Home To Government
WASHINGTON. Dec. IO—President Roosevelt disclosed today the title to his family home and IOO acres of land surrounding it would go to the government upon his death, and that in the meantime his papers would be collected there to be available easily to the scholars of the future.
The president, calling reporters to his study in the White House, issued a prepared statement outlining the project.
Hunt Desperado In Minneapolis
The West Central Texas Oil Si Gas association last night closed its seventh annual convention with an I attendance at Its membership ban-; quet program which chalked up new I records for Abilene.
It was estimated that 1.650 people gathered in the exhibit hall of the fair grounds for the climax of the day s conclave program—by far the largest number ever to feast on a ; wild game dinner in this part of the I nation.
j Speakers referred only briefly to i problems faced by the oil industry.
An appeal to the people of Texas to “halt the downward na iii toward oppressive taxation which tends to destroy the incentive for business” was made bv Coke R. Stevenson, chief speaker of the evening and lieutenant governor-elect.
“Only when we've killed the goose that laid the golden egg will taxation slow or stop its continued climb,” he said. He did not refer directly to the oil business.
“This splendid turnout.” he said.
See BANQUET. Pg. 2, Col. 3
Man Found Dead In Mother's Clothing
GALESBURG. Ill, Dec IO.—</P) —Rouged, wigged and attired in I the garments of his mother, the I body of Gale Davison was found hanged to a tree today in a suburban pasture.
The death of the former railroad brakeman on his 28th birthday an- 1 niversary presented authorities with a mystery.
Policement summoned by two frightened hunters found the body I suspended from a tree. Davisons hands were manacled behind him with a pair of toy handcuffs.
ABU.ENT. ani VICINITY: Tartly Hourtf and mldcr Sunday; Munds: partly rlnudy.
EAST TEXAS: Part!\ cloud;, colder In north portion Sunday Monday partly cloudy in north, cloud' In •niilh portion, colder. Moderate to fresh southerly wind# on the const becominj northerly by Monday .
WEST TEXAS: Parti;- cloud;', colder In north porMon sunday ; Monday partly cloudy, colder In *oe*h por Ion.
TEMPEH ATI BES
A. M 67 MI 61
66 . 64
2 I «<
P M. ll
78 75 in fin
Hlgbrtt and Iou ct p. rn. reetrrda'. 79 and JI; sane- date n year ago, 88 and 28: • un»e( «.••.tcrd." . 8:CS; sunrise today. 7:80: sanset 'od».v. 5:38.
tcfuierature* to 8
REMOVED THERE WITH HIS FAMILY IN I 857
Phin Reynolds Recalls Frontier Days In Stephens
MINNEAPOLIS. Minn . Dec. IO — money <UP>—Search for Benny Dickson, Kansas desperado, and his wife, Estelle, centered here today, after two barbers identified Dickson as a man who changed his clothes at
fellows won’t * take lOU7s” for "the | thLbar^Lshcp U!e Iesterriay’ food we buy.” Le added, however,
i Editor's Note; Phin W. Reynolds1 memory Is as sharp as the wits that were needed by West Texans to survive the hardships of the trail blazing days of 1850 and 1860. Reynolds is a product of that age, and his mind is a storehouse of the early history of the area. His recollections and experiences, as told to J. R Webb of Albany, will be carried in the Reporter-News each Sunday, beginning today.)
that many give reduced rates to the Goodfellows.
Even with reduced prices, donations of some commodities, and free work in the whole deal, tne baskets cost $2.25 each. Last year 750 baskets were needed, and this year
See GOODFELLOWS. Pg. 2. Cot 5
Father Dies, Son Completes Surgery
MEMPHIS. Tenn., Dec. IO.—UP)— Almost literally taking up the scalpel from his dead father’s hand. Dr. William T. Black, Jr., performed an operation at a hospital here today.
Dr. William T. Black, Sr., was in his operating gown and the patient was in the operating room, prepared for.the knife, when the surgeon Hardening ^suffered a heart attack, died in a fetV Minutes-
The barbers said the man told them he wanted to take a bath, but did not do so, hurriedly changing his clothes after only the water in the tub
EVENTS TO COME IN WEST TEXAS
COLORADO—Annual chamber of commerce banquet will be held Monday night.
BIG SPRING,—Annual chamber of commerce banquet will be held Thursday night.
BAIRD.—Bids on construction of the Baird municipal electrict plant will be opened December 17.
ANSON—The Cowboys’ Christmas ball will be held December 21-23
BLACKWELL.—White Hat ranch Hereford.sale will be held Monday.
Two years after my birth in Shelby county, Texas, on the 3rd of August. 1857, my father, B. turning on ; watt Reynolds, moved his family to what was then known as Buchanan county, now the county of Stephens, Texas, and settled on Gonzales creek near the present site of Breckenridge, Texas.
My earliest recollections of the j families living in the county as to their names Is as follows: there was the Gonzales family, the earli-
There was a Browning family whose son was killed by the Indians just about the time we moved to that county. Joe Curtis with his family lived four or five miles above the site of Eliasville. The Christensen family and a family by the name of Yancy lived on Caddo creek. There were quite a few families whase names I do no: recall that were in the county at the time. BAI) DROUGHTS FROM 1862-1864
Although a small child. I can recall the severe drought of 1862-1864 It was so severe that two thirds of the post oak timbers in that section died and 'ts effects could be seen from the dead timber for more than thirty years thereafter. My brother. Willaim Reynolds, and I walked for more than a half mile up the bed of the Clear Fork hunting drinking wrter in 1863. At the time we were living on the Dawson ranch above Eliasville. I have never seen such a drought since then.
Speaking of drought, though. I remember that old Tonkawa White, an Indian I knew at Fort Griffin and who looked to be almost a limi
est settlers in the county and for j ^ old< t0,d mp that R drv
n’hnm ♦ tie orison ma f womAA tho • , _ , . .
spell once drove the Indians as far
families of Gad C. Miller, the Hightowers, the Bishops, and the McKelvys were there; and two families of Clarks who lived on
down the Brazos as the site of Waco for game and water. He was explaining to me the reason for what the white settlers called ’’the
the dear Fork of the Brazos. Also dead mesquite forest." It covered
parts of Toylor, Jones, Scurry, Has-kel, Dickens. Baylor and other counties nearly to the foot of the Plains. It consisted of big mes-
See REYNOLDS, Pf. I, Col 4
on the Clear Fork was the family of John Broomfield and the Shaws. John Dawson lived on the ranch now owned by Ross Sloan, and the two sons of Gad Miller also had families living in that vicinity.