Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - December 8, 1944, Abilene, Texas
1 SIXTH WAR LOAN County Quota....... Series E E Sales MORNING 'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY 'AS IT VOL. LXIV, NO. 170 A TEXAS NEWSPAPa ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 3, 1944 -TWENTY PAGES Associated Press (AP) Vnited Press (V.P.I PRICE FIVE CENTS IN THREE SENSATIONAL Yanks Split Jap Leyte Forces 'Saarbrucken's Defenses Shaken Third Army 'Tanks Charge Outposts PARIS, Dec. 7 outer defense works of Ger- many's arsenal of Saarurucken shook today from U. S. Third Army tank assaults on the outpost of and a half miles and the Seventh Army joined f the drive on the Saar basin with attacks along a 35-mile Iront. The Third Army, lorglnK ahead despite the niud and rain, welded its Saarlautern bridgehead solidly with one on the south, while a third bridgehead on the north was ex- tended into the woods ol pachtener- Buchwald, slashing across the rail- way from. Saarlautern to the- Iprt- ress at Merzig. This wedge into the Siegfried line defenses, hammered out by the 90th division, was eight miles inside Ger- deepest penetration into the Reich by Third Army forces. The Seventh Army, coming up hard on the Third's right flank, broadened its battle lines In Northern Lorraine to 35 miles. Advance forces entered Enchen- berg, seven miles frnm the Saar border southeast of Saarbruck- en and close to the old Maginot fortifications., As the winter -offensive's mouth ended with 100 square miles of Germany in-Allied the U S. Army sent patrols stabbing to tlie formidable Cologne plain bar- rier of the Roer river in the fore- Iront of three new attacks.on the stream's defenses. There were indications the Ger-. mans may be preparing to fall back almost to the Rhine for a new ttand, but they apparently were flooding the Roer by breaching f dams somewhere upstream to make any drive across the swollen river even more difficult. American Intruder pilots saw floodlights blazing for the second straight night on roads and fields the Erft river! five to eight miles from the Rhine, suggesting that the enemy realized the Roer defenses were about to crack and was building new ones farther back. LI. Gen. George S. Palton's fc Third Army tanks in a two and a half-mile advance probed into the French city of Forbach, and kept Saarbruckcu's busy fac- tories under artillery fire for the eighth consecutive day. Smoke could be seen boning up over Saarbrucken. Other forces fought to expand three bridgeheads across the Saar at Saarlautern. where some street fighting still was In progress, and other crossings north and south of the city. 9 The 90th division made the deep- est Third army penetration into Germany by pushing a mile into trie forests less than three miles northwest of Saarlautern, where they were eight miles inside the n Reich. ft The Fifth division, tightening the ring about Saarbrucken, was but four and a half miles west of the city after entering Furstenhausenm another task force cracked into Grand Roselle, six miles southwest of Saarbrucken. F.lpht miles southeast .of "Little Pitts- burgh" and capita! of the Saar 35th infantry division y mopped up two-thirds of the French city of Sarrcjruemlncs lyinp on the west bank of the Saar. Sarreguemines, third largest of no Saar valley cities, stands on the border at the southern gateway to the Saar, but the Germans with- drawing to the Siegfried line blew all five bridges over the Saar there. YOUR ATTENTION Stories of unusual Interest on liuidc pages of today's edition Eiioirgh bullets made since Tearl Harbor for to each Axis soldier, pajre 3. Schoolboy football teams Hnr. tip for bi-dlslrict play, pagR 4. Churchill must defend for- pipn policy before Commons to- day, pace 8. Merkcl GI wins decoration for extreme heroism, papc 9. Colonel Nielsen urges his men lo support arm.fs abroad, page 14. British throu- tanks, ships Into Grcrk U, S, takes stand for Greeks choosing own govern- ment, page 17. Newsman Quells Prison Mutiny ATLANTA, Dec. quiet-spoken slender man with stooped shoulders and kindly eyes, backed by the bold type of his newspaper's front page, today quelled a three-day mutiny of 25 convicts at the Atlanta Fed- eral prison. i The man was Morgan Blake, editorial columnist for the Atlanta Journal and Sunday School teacher, who carried out with streamer head- lines, his.promise to publicize the convicts' grievances if they in turn would surrender themselves and four hostages without violence. The prisoners, who overpowered the four guards and locked them- selves up in the prisoners' segregation building along with nearly 100 other prisoners Monday night, read Blake's story carefully, listened to the col- umnist's persuasive voice and then surrendered the keys to the building. Old Glory Man Dies of Wounds OLD GLORY, Dec. (Spl) Mrs. Gordon P. Trammell has been no.tifled that; her .husband, Cpl. Gordon Franklin, died Nov. 6 In Luxembourg from wounds received in battle on Nov. 5. No details have been received although.Mrs. Tram- mell has received a letter from one of her husband's buddies saying he can give her all information when the War department will per- mit. Corporal. Trammell entered ser- vice, Feb. 2, 1942 at Mineral Wells. After completing basic training-at Camp, he. was sent GORDON TRAMMELL to Alaska where he was stationed at Anchorage, Nome, and Dutch Harbor for 19 months. He arrived in Old Glory Christmas Day 1943 for his first furlough since enter- ing service. After spending 20 days here he was sent to Camp Chaf- fee, Arkansas, where he spent seven and one half months, leaving for overseas last Aug. 16, and arriving in Luxembourg in early October. He was in field artillery as a radio operator. He would have been 27 years old Nov. 29, which was also the fourth anniversary of his marriage to the former Eveline Anderson, who is making her home here. .Besides his widow he Is survived by his father L. D. Trammell and his stepmother, of Old Glory; a sis- ter, Mrs. Loyd Schoonover of La- mesa; four brothers, Clyde and Jay of Old Glory and Pvt. Garlan E. Trammell who Is stationed In the Russell Islands, and Lorean D. Trammell, Sic, who is in the South Pacific. Prison officials -said five of the convicts admitted they were the ring leaders. Prisons Director James V. Bennett of Washington, who was here throughout the disturbance, said no decision had been reached on what action would be taken against the men. Attorney General Biddle in Washington announced late today the 25 had been placed in solitary confinement and would be tried promptly and severely punished. The ring leaders were identified as Jack'Adams, 23, Richmond, Va., serving 30 years for kidnaping; Richard Arthur Mylcs, -29, St. Louis, ten years for auto theft; William Henry Sanders, 32, Durant, Ofcla., ten years for auto theft; James Donald Douglas, 20, Miami, I'la., five years for auto theft; and George Hollingsworth, 23, Ehawnee, bkla., six years for auto theft. The four guards held as hostages went immediately to their homes after their release. They had -not teen harmed not under any great duress during tiheii; ;de- tenliloh.-They were Revo HfThqnYp'r son, Arlln Harper, fiacon, and Henry Blake, a former sports editor of the Journal, was called in by the prisoners late yesterday. While the columnist, s, who de- scribes himself as "no longer a young shivered in the cold we'i afternoon despite two overcoats, the prisoners outlined their demands to him through a broken window. Today, Blake revealed in a story the Journal published in a four- column .spread across the front page, that tlie convicts told hlin they did not have proper medical supervision; had not been given any religious services for six months; were paid a lower wage for prison labor than non-segregated Inmates: were housed with Nazi spies and saboteurs; were denied privileges of communicating with the outside world on legal matters: and were denied recreational facilities. On the German prisoner Issue, Blake said: "All of the men were extremely indignant that they have to live with Nazi saboteurs and spies and have tu listen to them exalt Hitler and denounce tlie American govern- ment. One of these Nazis was tile group landed in a submarine for the purpose of sabotage in this country. These Nazis are very offensive and well-nigh unbearable, Hie prisoners say." Weather Interrupts Allied Air Attacks LONDON, Dec. wea- ther Interrupted the Allied air at- tack on Germany from British bases today, but soon alter dark tonight a force of RAP blasted the industrial city of Cologne with two- ton blockbusters. Soviets Clear South Bank of Lake Balaton LONDON, Dec. 7 Russian troops cleared the entire south bank of stra- tegic Lake Balaton on the approaches to nearby Austria today, and rolled to within 22 miles south of Budapest in an eight-mile encircling move up the west bank of the Danube, Moscow announced tonight. Simultaneously Berlin said anoth- er Soviet army, In a new 'offensive spurt beyond fallen Hatvan north- east of Budapest, s'cruck to within 19 miles of the Hungarian capital, moving close to the east bank of the Danube in an effort to seal off the prize city. Soviet spearheads south of the capital were within 13 miles of Budapest. Berlin said. Marshal Reodor I. Tolbukhin's Third 'Ukraine Army captured 110 localities In western Hungary, striking to within 41 miles of the Austrian frontier at the southwest- ern corner of Lake Balaton and to within .70 miles of the Croatln cap- ital of Zagreb "The battle for Budapest now ranks as 'che principal storm center of military operations on all fronts, west and said a Berlin military spokesman quoted by Transocean. German radio accounts Mar- shal Rodiph I. Mallnovsky's. Secorid northeast of BudapesCvlmd--captured Szlrak, 12 miles..northwest-.of, Hatvan, arid 18 miles :cast of t'crategic Vac, junc- tion town- on the Danube where It curves westward to -Vienna. Abilene Flier Reported Lost Sgt. William Henry Ray Jr. of Abilene, tail gunner B-17 based in Italy, was reported missing in action over Austria on Nov. 25 in a message from the War depart- ment to his wife yesterday. His wife, tlie former Eddie Lou Sharp, lives at 1042 Orange. Sergeant Ray is a son of Mr, and Mrs. W. H. Hay, 934 Poplar. The Abilenian completed his training for overseas duty at Savan- nah, DR., on Sept. 25 and reported in Italy on Oct. 9. It was believed here that Sergeant Ray had completed eight missions. He is 20 years old and a graduate from Abilene high school. AIR COMMANDER FINAL Henry H. Arnold, commander the Army Air forces, and Jacqueline Cochran, director" of women pilots for the AAF, are pictured above at Sweetwater's Avenger field where yes- terday they attended graduating exercises for the 17th and final class of AVASPs, General Arnold being the principal speaker. (See story on page 'Whole Earth Vibrates'- BY VIOLENT EARTHQUAKE Killed on Leyte MIDLAND. Dec. 7 Harold DeLay received word Mon- day morning that her brother, Cpl. 'James T. King, was killed In action on Leyte island, Oct. 25. Corporal King had been overseas almost _ _ eighteen months, serving with the KallV Or UVQlO Seventh Field Artillery division, j and was a veteran of the Attu and At the bond rally at Ovalo last By The Associated Press A violent earthquake, described by observers as struck in the vicinity of Japan yesterday, third anniversary of Pearl Harbor. There was no direct word from the 'Japanese, but seismograph sta- tions around the world recorded a prolonged earthquake of terrific in- .ensity, conceivably centered on the Nipponese mainland. The shocks were reported by sci- entists in England, Switzerland, Germany, India and the United States. Each observatory said the tremors were "extremely In West Bromwich, England. Seismologist J. J. Shaw said "the whole earth" had vibrated nearly six hours after the shock. Show, who said the shocks were recorded at a.m. Greenwich time a.m. eastern war declared that wind tremors obscured tracing the direction but, said It was like they centered "in the Aleutians, the Kurlles or Japan." The Bombay observatory, accord- Ing to a Reuters dispatch, estimated the quake's epicenter as "probably largest of the Japanese Islands, on which are Tokyo, Yoko- hama and the great naval bases of Kobe and Osaka, Commenting on this dispatch, Shaw said: "If tills Is so, then Japan has suf- fered a greater catastrophe than in 1023 (when 30.331 persons were The disturbance on my In- strument was not nearly so big In 1923." He added there was a possibility tlie epicenter may have been in the Tuscarora deep, about 100 miles off the east coast of Japan, "In which case they would have had severe earth tremors and tldals waves." In the Tuscarora deep, on which Japan almost stands, the Pacific qocs down feet, and this iimkcs Japan one of the earth's most unstable -regions. The Swiss radio, reporting obser- vations at Zurich and Nurnburg, said If the "quake took place in populated regions the r.nnsr-qurnccs are bound to be catastrophic." Scientists at the latter institution said the appeared to be "one of the largest in 40 years." Marshall islands campaigns. night, S7.500 in bonds were sold. Besides his sister, he is B. W. Riddle was chairman, assist- vived by his wife, Mrs. James T. i ed by Jim Slielton and Elmo Conk of King of Tacoma, Wash., and his Abinene and a group of men from mother, Mrs. J. A. BcCauley of; Camp Barkeicy who belong to Tyler. i David Evans' E Bond Pledges at Rally By HELEN' DUFF Series E. War Bond pledges totaled last night following the ap- pearance of two 36th Division heroes, Sgt. James M. Logiin, the most highly decorated enlisted man of this war, and Lt. Col. Miller Ainsworth, veteran of World War I and II. at a Sixth War Loan rally in the City hall auditorium. Pledges in series F bonds, came to S2.1CO. During the day, Series E sales mounted to and overall sales were Adding today's sales and pledges to that already series E total stands at on the quota of and the overall at .on the county quota of The more shells we pet across to blow the Germans out of their holes, the quicker by buddies, your sons, husbands and loved ones will come bnck to us, Sergeant Logan stated last night, urging Abilenians to buy bonds. "All the shells In the world nrc not worth one1, man. Rny bonds, get the shells over where they arc needed and more of our men get linek" lie de- clared. Interviewed by Colonel Ainsworth, the sergeant told briefly of the fighting which won for him the two highest riecMs given In the Congressional Medal of Honor and the Distinguished Service Cross. "The German soldier is one of the best trained and the best equipped soldier in the he declared. "When we start to school, the Germans begins learning to be a. soldier. And he is not a coward, he fights hard. "You take an inch of ground from him and he comes back fight- ing to retake It. He has wonderful equipment and he knows to use it." "The German soldiers T have met I've the rca- (ion I'm here tonight. Maybe It Is wrong to kill. I think so, hut If It Is necessary lo keep the. Germans from coming over here, and destroying our I've dour it before and I'll do it again." "Some people think the boys over there are having n parade. But It Isn't any fun. You're thinking about home. You are wanting to go back home nnd find It just as you left It. I've lived In Texas all my life and I don't want it to change. But to keep it the way it Is, you have surance that our young folks todny Nippon Planes WASHINGTON. Dec. 7 Sixty-three Japanese planes were stint, dnwn or damaged today as China-based Superfortresses (ought thrir way into Manchuria nnd bombed an aircraft plant, at Mukden and other military objectives. This was the superforts' biggest IMK of enemy planes. On the third anniversary of Pearl Harhnr, Tokyo also was hit by bombs from two B-20's out from Ealpan primarily on a weather re- connaissance mission. A Into communique frnm the 20th got to do a lot of things. Those don't have to go through the same j Air Force said revised reports simi-i-mris worn lust, boys over there want to come back thing they are going through. j and to do this, we must back them this should up in equipment." be a free world at peace." Colonel Ainsworth, presented to I Tlie colonel pointed out that all the audience by C. M. Caldwcil, I the privileges we enjoy today are Taylor county war bond made sarrcc! because or the facrl- paid high tribute to the men from fices made by others. this section serving In the 36th. "Sometime dm-lntr itic or He referred to close friends Pete night, stop and ask yourself. What shewed three Superforts wore lost lo enemy nction in the daylight I strite. into Manchuria. Earlier It I hnd announced the loss of only one plane. It, reported that, "unobserv- ed lo excellent bombing results" were attained in the strikes at Green and to Maj. Clifford J. Clyburn. the latter today reported killed in action. "They say the war Is almost over. Maybe it is and I hope it is. To anyone still subject to one of those telegrams from the adjutant general saying something hns happened to one of our loved ones, it certainly Isn't. "This idea or worm supremacy is not new wllb Hitler. Kais-rr Wllliclm had tbe same Idea 25 years apo. Hack farther we find Bismarck and Frederick with Ideas alnng this same line. We must recognize the fact that in tills victory to romp, the people at the peace tables must not for- ect the past. "We can erect a monument r.Uer varied targets. The heavily-armed Supcrfort.s rally. Other guests were Mr. and Mrs. Lockctt Shslton and son. John. Mr. nnd Mrs. L. E. Dudli-y. Mr. nnd Mrs. L. H. Hckch.im and sons Caldwcil ............_......._.._........... and Bob. Ilnnier Scott, lit.scnc this war that those fighting and Blankenshlp and Mr. nnd Mrs. Ed those dead would like to Stewart. shnt, down 26 enemy fighters for have I done todny lo make me certain, probably brought down 13 worthy of some mother's son dying i others and damaged 24, the com- for me." munitiue said. Ed Stewart introduced C. M. Cald- A "large task force'' of well at the rally. Tlie invocation was participated in the raid, the coin- Riven by Chaplain Max Zuckcr nf nnmlmic -said, adding that it was n Camp Bnrkelcy and bond sales were conllnnatlnn of the "campaign under direction of Maj. David Kvans, I npalnsl Japanese war production." ASFrc. A ,-iO-mInute concert by the j The Japanese have Important Abilene Army ilasc hand preceded i st.ocl works and shipbuilding yards the- meeting. In their puppet country on the Colnnrl Alnswnrtli and Scrgcnnt Asiatic mainland as well as many Logan were honor guests at a dinner! other war Industries such as tile nnrt.y clvrn hy Mr. and Mrs. Cald- aircraft plant, at Mukden. A big Hi'lton hotel prior to tlie! manufacturing town. Mukden has a. population approaching Despite the large number of Jap- anese planes engaged, the cnimnunl- described the enemy's all oppo- sition as "frnm weak to strung" and IV Japanese nnll-nlrcrnft fire as ranging from mengci- and moderate to Inadequate. 77th Division Lands At Ormoc, Nip Port By C. YATES MCDANIEL MACARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, PHILIPPINES, Dec American forces in three sensation- al moves seized the center of the Japanese Yama'shita line on the Leyte west coast, wiped out a 12-ship Nippon convoy in- flicting heavy loss of life and stopped a spectacular enemy paratroop threat, headquarters announced today. An amphibious force composed of the Yank 77th infantry, division, supported by. Navy and Marine elements, sailed around the south end of Leyte island and landed Dec. 7. three miles south of Ormoc, in the enemy's rear. The landing force just beat an enemy convoy into OrmoCi principal Japanese port on Leyte. American forces promptly. turned upon it and sank all 13 vessels, including four large loaded transports. The. Americans also brought down 62 enemy planes. Within a few hours the Japanese in a desperately diver- sionary 'attempt loosed 200 paratroopers in an area between two American airfields on the eastern side of the island, scene of the original U. S. landings. The enemy troops ac- complished some sabotage but most of them were killed. By the Ormoc landings, Gen. Douglas MacArthur -said, "we have seized tlie center of the Lamashita line from the rear and have split the enemy's forces in two." MacArthur said the Ormoc land- Ings caught the Japanese unawares and drove a wedge between his forces north and south of Ormoc. The Japanese had been committ- ed, MacArthur said, to meeting the American threats from the cast, north and south. Now they are men- aced also by a U. S. force to the west. Ground resistance at Ormoc was light, MacArthur reported, but enemy planes which had been fly- Ing over.for the.13.-sb.lp. convoy put up a desperate fight when attack- ed by Yank airmen. First the American filers waded into the 'convoy. Be- sides the four big transports they gol- two medium freight transports and ncven destroy- ers and destroyer escorts. All the enemy ships were sunk he- fore reaching Ormoc. MacAr- thur estimated Nipponese troops went down, making 30.- 000 lost In recent attempts lo run reinforcements Into Ormor. The American assault foree commanded by Rear Admiral A. Slrublc got the 77lh di- vision, commanded by Maj. Gen. Andrews Bruce, of Temple, Tex., ashore quickly and the doughboys cinched a beachhead, ami started moving northward. The enemy paratroopers were landed near San Pablo, about half way between Dul.-.g r.ncl Buraueii, airstrips from which American planes have been operating. MacArthur reported their efforts were feeble, so far as resudts were U. S. planes, making a sweep of the Ormoc area after the battle of the convoys, spotted six small enemy craft off the northwest coast of Leyte and sank them all. A delayed dispatch from Al Dop- king. AP war correnspunilc-nt with the Seventh division, disclosed that American cavalrymen navigated amphibious tractors around tlie south end of Leyte to strike In the enemy's rear while doughboys of the Seventh attacked the Palanas line frontally. The attack from the sea caught the enemy by surprise ns the am- phibious cavalrymen follsht their into Tabgas and Baloijo. en- emy-held villages a mile or more to tlie rear of the river line. To reach their objective, the cavalry- men made a t.hrci-day trip of more than 12S miles. Thursday's communique re- ported Hie breaching of the de- fense line and placed ground forecs south of eoasUI Balopo and at Kan? Dagit. Bitter fichtinK continued in the corridor north of an- other enemy tank attack had been repulsed, i An unconfirmed Tokyo radio broadcast claimed the launching ofi__ a- "Rl'and scale offensive" asainM. American airfields on the eastern MAJ. GEN. A. D, BRUCE Texan Commands Ormoc Landing TEMPLE, Dec. Gen. A. D. Bruce, who commanded tho 77th division, which landed at Or- moc, Leyte Island, today, created tha army's tank destroyers and built iU tank destroyer center at Camp Hood, near Temple. Bruce Is a Texan and a graduate of Texas A M college. His family lives here. He was commanding general of the center from Its formation Dec. 1, 1941, till he became commanding general of the 77th Infantry division last year. He assumed his new com- mand when Camp Hood reservation opened a new cantonment In May, 1843. North Camp Hood, second can- tonment within the Camp Hood res- ervation, completed the tank de- stroyer plan. General Bruce has been awarded the Distinguished Service medal for his service in connection with de- velopment of the tank-destroyer center. The Rcneral appeared before joint session of the Texns legislature in March. 1943. to receive the United Daughters of Confederacy cross of military service. General Bruce took several mem- bers of tlic former staff of the tank destroyer renter with him. including the laic Col. Hondas McNair and Lt. Col. Gordon T. Klmbrell. Klmbrell organized the first battle condition- ing (commando) course In the army i at. Camp Hood. The 77th is a New York division, known as the "statue of liberty" division. side of Leyte by "air commando The Weather lirPARTMKNT Of COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU I.r.NT. ASH KAST igrlh- rrl- Friday and Sat- much chanie In TEMPERATURES Thurl, P.M. 4J 55 Illtli anrl In n.: fifl and Illrti nnrt salv "su'ivi'rl'linl nluhl: RlinrUc Ulh mornl Sunset lonlRht. Tiperjilu mi. [tat.