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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - December 7, 1944, Abilene, Texas Meet 36th Division's Top Hero, City Hall Tonight SIXTH WAR LOAN Series E Series E Sales Reporter WITHOUT OR WITH FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT -SEE STORY, COL. 5 MDRMM VOL. LXIV, NO. 169 A TEXAS NEWSFAPH ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 7, 1944 PAGES Associated Press (API United Press f I7.PJPRICE FIVE CENTS Americans Drive From Six Bridgeheads You'll Never Make Folks at Home Understand-' By KENNETH L. DIXON ON THE WESTERN FRONT, Nov. has been about a year now since that kid on the hillside outside San Pletro said It. We had just 'been bombed and strafed and It was a nasty, sliaky business. fWe both Had thought we were doomed. never make the folks back home understand what war is like, he said. "Koiiody could understand it who hadn't been, through it. The klfl isn't around now. He was killed that night attacking San Pictro. But If he still were alive I think he would say the same thing today. And he would be just as right.- It was buzz-bombs that made me remember the kid today. We didn't have the buzz-bombs in Africa and Italy. .We had other things. I understand about mortars and SB's, mines, machine pistols booby traps and ordinary bombs, but I don't understand how folks feel nbout buzz-bombs because I never have been bum-bombed.___________. Back in Italy we read about We felt badly about all those people being killed and wounded by them, fust as you feel badly about all these soldiers being killed along the fronts. We agreed it must be a terrifying, nerve-wracking experience, but those were just words we mouthed, trying hard to convince ourselves that we understood. We didn't. Last night I heard my first buzz-bombs. They streaked their fiery way through the darkness.overhead, bound for some luckless city far behind the front. With me were guys I had known in Italy and Africa who were far braver than most. There were other guys'who have gained reputations for courage in other campaigns around the world. When the racketing rumble of the buzz-bomb sounded, one of them was talking. He stopped In the middle of a sentence. The others grew tense and sat waiting in silence. Their eyes roved aimlessly while all their senses concentrated on what their rars were telling them. The noise increased to crescendo pilc.i until it was directly over- head. Suddenly one of Ihe men said tersely: "If that sound stops, get away from that Sitting there, I tried to understand. If the sound of an incoming shell had split the night suddenly, the men would have dived to the floor. That I could have understood. There was Genuine menace in the sound of an incoming shell. This noise did not seem fearsome. be I told myself. "Get on your toes. This thing could kill you." But still I sat there listening and watching. In a moment the racket diminished into a departing ramble. Then only did men who had seen what these, robots can do begin to relax. I heard that sound a couple of dozen times last night and today but the buzi-bombs still failed to affect they all went over. However since I started writing this piece, a couple landed close enough to rock the building nnd rattle the windows. Now I find myself listening intently to all grinding sounds. A single truck shifting into low does the trick. I nm beginning to learn about buzz-bombs. _ FLAMETHROWER, BAYONET AIDDOUGHBOY ADVANCES ALL was all smiles for Uncle Joe Stilwell and his wife when he returned from the CBI. theater re- cently. It was all smtfes-last-night for theilwo in the Hilton hoielj where-' they: spent-the 'night; This their California hprae.. LUDWIG CAN1 BELIEVE OPPOSITION TO M'LEISH By WENDELL BEDICUEK It Is almost Inconceivable that appointment of Archibald McLeish as assistant secretary of state should be opposed because he Is a poet, said Emil Ludwig, noted, biographer here last tonight. "In-Germany, that would.be ex- he said. "Being a poet would make it impossible for him to serve. But in America it is only appro- priate that, a poet should have something to do with affairs of state, especially after we have won this war." Ludwig, here to lecture tonight at Hardin-Simmons university, said that he had wired McLeish congra- tulations upon his appointment by President Roosevelt. "It Is more understandable In America that Nelson Rockefeller's wealth be basis for opposition, al- though he may be -fully qualified, than for a man's being a poet to make him Ludwig added. "In Germany in Europe- yes of course, but the people in some other countries will not be able to understand it." The German-born citizen of Switzerland whose books were burn- ed publicly by the Nazis, said he be- lieved Hitler's present silence means he is attempting to retire from pub- lic view, that he may have a better chance to be ready to lead Germany In (lie next world -war. He may be murdered, but if he is not he will devote himself to continuing Ger- many's traditional role." "The Germans do not fight one war at a time to take one country or one he com- mented. "They plan future wars while fighting a war, with the object of conquering the world." The church in Germany cannot lead the people after conquest by the Allies because It did not provide great leaders to oppose Hitler as he Attained his power, Ludwig declar- ed. "There are, of course, many Ger- mans who love the church'but there was no great .lender In Germany who provided strong opposition to the Hitler regime. There is, there- fore, no man among them who can supply the power to organize the church for restoration of Christian principles in the German state. The LJnited Stales must do he con- ,inued. Trie Germans will not revolt. TheyL have.not revolted in 400 years, either''during or after their many wars. It is the German tempera- German training, German thinking the German people themselves who are responsible ;or this war, Ludwig points out and adds as. proof that the German re- DUblic was founded 25 years ago -with it came the possibility of a new era in Germany.' But the character ot the Germans made it impossible' for them to accept a de- mocracy on the equality of-peace. Americans are much more lib- eral and alert In their altitude toward their world tasks, and especially (he handling of Ger- many, after this war lhan after the last one, Ludwig declared. He has. been cooperating with the United States, cooperating with the government by con- ducting broadcasting and pro- paganda activities to the Ger- man people In America. He appeared before the house for- eign affairs committee to outline his proposal, "How to Treat Ger- many After Defeat." "The people of this country are much more aware of the practica course that must be taken for work peace than they were a year he declared. In 1835 he met with President Roosevelt, Secretary Hull and a doz- en- other administration leaders to discuss Germany with them. "President Roosevelt was the on- ly man there who understod Eur- ope and the German he said. Secretary Hull, he added, did not at that time have the clear conception of Ihe inlernalional political situation as did (he president. "lie Is a great lie said of Hull and "maybe be was too much of a gentleman to understand Eur- ope." America is alone at the top among all nations in its love of religion, he said. "Religion means more to the peo- ple of tills country than those of any other. Britain is he de- that is about all In the One of the first questions Ludwig asked of Ills Interviewer was of the day's developments on the western front. The distinguished intellectual. Is the biographer of Bismarck, Lincoln, Hlndenburg, Napoleon, Goethe, and Roosevelt, and author of Three Studies, studies of Stalin, Mussolini and Hitler. He said last night that he is work- ing every day on his lecture tour which will end with his next speech, See LlimVlG, Page 16, Col, 5 Uncle Joe Stilwell Spends Night Here By HAL Uncle Joe Stilwell, one of the Army's few highest rank- ing four star generals, was an overnight visitor in Abilene last night.... In the party with the gaunt and smiling scourge of the Japs in'Burma were Mrs. Stilwell, Brig. Gen. and Mrs. W. E. Bergin, Maj: C. G. Arnold, the general's aide, and Mrs. Paul Jones, the .former Loomis Nol-' an of Abilene and wife of Lt. Col. of the 'eneral's staff. After dining at the Hilton, the 5eneral and -his party paused in the obby of the hotel .'to meet several of Mrs. Jones1' old' Abilene friends and Uncle Joe; puffing on a cigaret long-holder, took Urns, out pose with non-commissioned memb'ers of public relations staffs from the Abilene Army Air Base and Camp Barkeley. His eyes twinkling, Uncle Joe, as he is known to all of his troops, re- called an offer made by G. B. (Gib) Sandefer of Abilene when the latter was with the American Red Cross in Burma. "Tex {as he was known tl General Stilwell) asked me to pick out 25 of my best Chinese the jcneral laughed, "and he would see that they re- ceived an education at your Hardin-Simmons university. "I'm going to hold him to H, Sandefer. before entering the Red Cross service, was business manager of athletics and the famous Cowboy band at Hardin-Simmons. General Stilwell recently return- ed to the United States for what the White House has described as "an important" but undisclosed as- signment. He had served as com- mander of the China-Burma-India theater. Neither the general or his gra- cious wife had any comment on public matters. In the Hilton lobby, the general, who as usual wore none of his many campaign ribbons, eyed the copy of a famous old painting on the wall and revealed his interest in art by reciting the history of that painting of Turks presenting treaty to Russian Cossacks. The visit of General Stilwell was the second of a four star general in Abilene since the start of the war. General Mar- shall loured Camp Barkeley 'here earlier. The promotion of General Slilwcll lo four star rank was announced on August 1. The Army, at that time, said the promotion was "in recognition of outstanding leadership and courage on the field of battle." When General Stilwell was ap- pointed chief of staff to Generalis- simo Chiang Kai-shek in 1942, the Chinese army organ said the ap- pointment was the equivalent of adding troops to China's fighting forces. General Stilwell is believed to be the first American general to com- mand a major force of Chinese See STILWELL, Page 16, Col. 5 WASP Program At Sweelwater r Fffifsfes Today Commons Told Win War First Objective LONDON, Dec. gov- ernment spokesman bluntly told restless Commons today the rebuilding of Britain's postwar export markets would have to be subordinated to fighting the in which Allied armies siill face possibly their bloodiest battles. After both Conservative am Lnborite members joined In chorus of demands that Britain "speak plainly" to the United Stntcs In cr-i'vc of Icnd-lease. Minister o Production Oliver Lyttlcton warned that "we may yet have to face bat- tles sterner nnd blondler thnii have yet foiiRht. And althoiiRl victory Is certain, the time of vic- tory uncertain." AVENGER FIELD, Sweetwater, a itatlon of the AAF Training Com- nand, today becomes the focal point of the Army Air Forces' observance of the de-activation of the Women Airforce Service Pilots and the ;raduation of the field's final class of 68 pilot trainees. Gen. H. H. Arnold, commanding general of the AAF, will deliver the principal address at today's cere- monies, which mark the termina- tion on Dec. 20 of the WASPS duties nt more than 70 AAF instal- lations, and the granting of wings lo the eighteenth and final class of women pilots. People of this area are invitee ;o attend the ceremonies to be held n the Avenger Field gymnasium at a.m., Lt. Col. Roy P. Ward Avenger commanding officer, has announced. WASP executives and graduates of earlier classes arrived at Aveng- er Field for the program, in whicl' the participants will include Lieu Gen. Walter F. Kraus. commanding general of the AAF Central Flying Training command: Miss Jacqueline Cochran, director of women pilots and Lt. Col. Roy P. Ward, com- manding officer of the field. The graduation of today's class brings tn the number of women who have won the WASP sllvci wines. De-activation of the or- janizalion was decided upon in Oc-1 labor when it was indicated thati sufficient Army pilots would be available for all AAF duties in this country and abroad. Many of the WASPS who will re- ceive a .tribute from General Ar- nold today will be busy at their as- signments at many fields across the nation. They arc being released gradually from a wide variety of AAF duties, including the ferrying of aircraft, towing gunnery targets, conducting test flights, flying liaison and administrative missions nnd many others. Some of them have sewed for more than two years. Graduation rates and flying saf- ety rates of women graduated from the Training Command station at Swectwaicr have compared favor- ably with thoie of aviation cadets and army pilots. In fulfilling their assignments, Jiaie all types of aircraft, from the light- est trail.e.-s to the B-29 nnd from cargo ships to all types of pursuit planes, including jet-propelled. Members, of the final graduating class will receive their wings from General Arnold. 90th Leads Thrust GREAT Miller left, and Sgt. James M. Logan, most decorated member of Texas' 36th division, will appear foiiight at City Hall auditorium, North Second and Cedar, in a fith War Loan drive rally to which the public is. invited. An Army Air.Force band will Heroes to Talk In Rally Here Today Today Is E bond day In Abilene. Tonight Sgt. James M. Logan, one of the most decorated Git of the Full House Sees Air Base Show A full house at the Paramount theater last night cheered a top notch musical presentation by the 590th Army air forces band-with soldiers and speakers on hand to further sale of Scries E bonds. Every person present had been admitted through the purchase of an E bond, yet they heard reasons for further buying from T-Sgt. Roy H. Smith Jr., who spent a.Christ- mas not long ago on Guadalcanal. Wearing the Unit Presidential Cita- STORES TO STAY OPEN EVENINGS Downtown stores will remain oppp until n p. m. the week he- fore Christmas for the conven- ience of late .shoppers, it wns de- cided yesterday in ft meeting of the Retail Trade committee of the Abilcnb chamber of com- merce. Storo hours will be 9 a. m, to 9 p. m. from Monday, Doc. 18 through Saturday, Dec. 23. Chairman of the committee Is Will Minter. on the island "when things weren't going and asked Abilcn- ians not to allow another such struggle without proper air and land equipment. "There was a time when we bad only seven planes that could go up, and most of them wired he said. First soloist on the program was violinist Pfc. Ben Alex. Others were Cpl. Angclo who presented an accordlan arrange-1 lows: ment ot Holldny for Strings. Pic. I Lcn Stanley of Detroit, Mich., was Boriion pianist. Comedian was T-Sgt. Lee Show, appearing in Ihe role nf The Pro- lessor, who with the help of the band nnd a chicken gave light touch lo the. program. Lt. Boh Robinson, Tuinlcrhnll fighter pilot, presented tap and acrobatic selections which as n civilian he had featured with the Paul Wlillcman troupe. Only woman appearing on the program was WAC Pvt. Betty Angle, who sang I'll Sec You Again, and Sympathy. Conductor of the band, Pfc. Jim Baker of Detroit, Mich., arranged .several numbers presented by the musicians. Cpl. George Davis was master of ceremonies and nlso gave A Good Man Ts Hard to Find. The program wns sponsored by the public relations organizations of the base. war, and Lt. Col. Miller Alnsworth, veteran of World War I nnd World War II, will address Abilcnlans at the City Hall auditorium. Both men nre veternns of the famed 30th Division, and have been conducting successful bond rallies in other Texas towns. They will speak nt the high school todny nt p. m. and at the South junior high nt p. m. Preceding the show, at p. m., will be n 30-minute progrnm by mu- sicians from the Abilene Army Air Held band. The rally will begin at 8 p. m. with the playing of Ihe Star Spangled Banner nnd the in- vocation by an Army chaplain. Kd S. Stewart, member of the county bond general committee, will then present C. M. Cnldwell, county bond chnlrman, who in turn will introduce Colonel Ainsworth. After speaking briefly, the colone will interview Scrgcnnl Logan. Ma- jor David Evans then Is to be pre- sented, and conduct the sale oi bonds. Members of the Sixth War Loan committee hope that the rally to- night will put Taylor county over the top on Us war bond quota. With the addition of yesterday, the county's series E bond sales reached Overal sales now total The Fort Worth sub-region's un- official sales report on Ihe Sixll War Loan drive as of Dec. 2 fol- Crockett Kfitnr Pishcr M.-irl'in Mrnnrd Midl.inr-1 Scries F. 3..T7.1. (Ml ...I27.147.riU .vi. 7n ,'ion.nrj V2.2Z5M Scurry Shnrkrlfn Sterling rr..-iiB.v 2 IHft "77.2 'm.l'.T.fl. "litfl. (i2 'ifl7.0 C. M. Gaklwrll spoke, undue that "we buy plenty of bonds so wr. can face those boys when they come home and sriy we did our best." PrcccedtiiR the Air field show wore two young cowboy MnRcr.s, Bil- lif Thompson and Jimmie Williams. Wnllie Akin, manager of Inter- state theaters, announced following the show Unit partial receipts for which the- porRnun wns responsible amounted to In E bonds. Theological School Head to Talk Today Dr. K. O. Henri, president (if til Soutliwlcsrn Baptist Theolngicn Seminary In Worth, will b guest, speaker nt ft breakfast, spoil sored by (lie Ministerial council Harclln Simmons university th morning nt o'clock nt the Firs Baptist church. The seminary president will spen nt HSU dwpel bCRlnnlng nt 10 n m. and nt n. m. (it the meet Ing the Swcetwnter Bnutlsl. nssoc ntlon In the Tyc Baptist church. By The ASSOCIATED PRESS American troops drove into Germany's Rich Saarland six bridgeheads across the Saar river and last night were ghting for the final third of the French coal city of. Sarre- uemines, nine miles southeast of the shell-raked Saar capital f Saarbrucken. Doughboys with flamethrowers and bayonets fought into lie first defenses of the Siegfried line east and northeast of aarlaulern, which apparently had been cleared of Nazi esistancc. Four new crossings of the Saar had been made just north of Saarlauern, General Patton's troops were a bare six miles from Saarbrucken on the west and the south. On the Aachen front to the north the U. S. First Army had more than 'our hours of tough fighting in re- lelling a series of enemy tank-led UPREME HEADQUARTERS LLIED EPEDITIONARY ORCES, Paris, Dec. Lt.-Gen.'George S. Patton's U. Third Army, having forced four ew- crossings, poured across the aar river at six points today, cap- ircd two-thirds of the border city f Sarrcgumincs and tightened their ege of shell-blasted Saarbrucken, ipltal of1 the rich Saarland. The latest crossings in the Am- rican threat to the rich Saar in- ustrial area were made approxi- r.ately two miles north of Saar- autern, where infantrymen of the )th division fought their way Into illingen on the river's east bank. The 95th division, meanwhile, bat- led to extend the two original rldgeheads, one In Saarlautern tself and the other south of the Ity, in the face of continuous ar- illery fire.. l Jasper H. Bagby, 3al linger, Dies BALLINGEH, Dec. >r H. Bagby, 72, died at the Bailey linic at p. m. Wednesday fol- iwing an eight-day illness. A member of the Eighth Street .hurch of Christ, Mr. Bagby came o Balllnger in 1025 from Slaton and vas in the produce business here mill 1035 when ho moved back to Slaton. in 1939 he returned to Bal- Ingcr and had lived here since. Funeral will be conducted at 1 m. Friday in the Agncw chapel jy Richard hobblns, minister of the Sighth Street church. Burial will be n Cedar hill cemetery. Mr. Bagby. whose first wife died Nov. 23, 1941, Is survived by Ills Mov, the former Mrs. Jessie Mann .0 whom he wns married in Jan- uary; three sons, R. S. and J. 11 3agb'y Jr. both of Portnles, N. M id E. R. of Millersview; one claugh- _r, Mrs. Bessie Splawn of Abilene: two step-sons, .1. E. Evans of Por- ales and Frank Mann of Ballin- gcr: one step-daughter. Mrs. E. M lagood of Amarillo: five brothers 'rank Bagbv of Tnhoka. J. S. Bag- )V of Slauin, Charles Bagby of Moody, Virgil Bagby of Wolf Cits counter-attacks aimed at the village of Bergsteln, six miles southwest of Duren. Both the First Army and the Ninth on Its left, were resisting and gathering, their forces for the next phase of their drive toward Cologne and the Rhineland. The British-Canadian front in remained quiet. A dispatch from Allied head- quarters conceded Ihat the Al- lied offensive which began In earnest Nov. 16 was perhaps be- hind schedule at this point, but saltl It had accomplished a main purpose In forcing the Nazis to commit a huge force to the great battle of attrition east of Anchcn. The Third Army vnis, If anything, Ahead of schedule in Its drive Into the Saar. Bight.hundred TJ. 6. heavy bomb- ers attackcfl Germany's biggest syn- thetic "al Mereeburg and rail yards at Bellefeld with tons of bombs. Russian troops advancing up the west bank of the Danube in Hun- gary captured a town .only 28 miles from Budapest and Berlin said the Red Army had opened a new of- fensive against the Hungarian capi- tal from three sides. A German broadcast also reported that Rus- sian forces had thrust around the southern end of Lake Balaton to within 35 miles of the Austrian border. and John Okla. Bagby of Oklahoma City, Jap Outlook Gets Darker By The ASSOCIATED PRESS The Japanese situation on Leyte island, in the central Philippines, "must be regarded as serious." said Gen. Douglas MacArthur today as he reported substantial gains on all battle fronts nnd the cutting of the enemy's chief sea line of supply. Japanese resistance increased as Yank doughboys struck through mud left by pcrslscnt tropical rains. The Nipponese again threw tanks into the Online corridor fray but the attack failed. On tlie third anniversary of the Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Har- bor General MacArthur said "the enemy's line of reinforcement by water through Ormoc bay has been :ut by our naval and rfir forces and with'increasing pressure of our ground troops the enemy's situation must be regarded as serious." News reports from front line correspondent liore every Indi- cation stiffening Japanese re- slstrnce might bring the blood- iest fight nf the Lcyte campaign South of Ormcc the Japanese planas river line was breached and. the Yanks advanced along the coast as well as inland. Meanwhile American fliers struck over n wide front in the Philippines and 10 the south. They hit airfields and blasted shipping. Three Japa- nese freighters were.bagged. Some American ships were dam- aged as 10 Japanese planes attacked, in Lcyte bay. Six Nippon airmen were shot down by fighter planeg while two were accounted for by acknck gunners. A communique from Adm. Ches- or roMMi.nu. llcl. w Nimltz nt Pearl Harbor toltl ABI, VH'-'INITV: n.....v! shooting down a Japanese bomber nd "irm" I'ridn j at island, Tokyo raiding Superfortress base. Almost simultaneously NBC in New York intercepted a Tokyo broadcast saylnu "a small num- ber of enemy planes" flew over the Japanese capital during the afternoon. Tokyo asserted.inter- ceptors wcrr alnfl anil "enemy planes took flight t" the cast without (Impulse any bombs." War news from China was highi lighted by a U. S. 'Hth air fores report on the sinking. probabU sinking or damaging of 16 add, tlonal Japanese freighters In tM Yangtze river and the China sea The Yank airmen scored these sue. cesses despite loss of their advance! bases in southeast China. YOUR ATTENTION Interesting stories in this edition delude: r.iRf 2 R a I n e y reiterates charges. Pup. 2_Slalc asks dismissal nf Horsey trial. Pace split paec 5_rcnrl Harbor anni- versary observed. Page win com- missions. Pase rejects state dcnartmenl lempor- jirilv. Taffc Britons bat- tle. The Weather KA'ST WI-.ST ral I'rliUy. ll-ril. Tun. A.M. armer In llicll hnil low tr n.: .U nnd :t.v lllRli and low ,7 .nil Stln'fl nlxht Stiniel fi Uil ytiT'. linn: ;