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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - December 3, 1938, Abilene, Texas WEST TEXAS* ©WM NEWSMPER Che abilene Reporter -Btu* "WITHOUT. OK WITH OFFENSE TO FIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUK WORTH EXACTLYj^rj^^B; VOL. LV1II, NO. 183. StaorUU* fw» (AP) ABILENE TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNINO, DECEMBER 3, 1938.-TEN PAGES t'nlt'* PffM (CP) PRICE FIVE CENTS. Corporations Closely Held, Probers Told Fifth Of One Per Cent Holds Over Half Of Assets WASHINGTON. Dec. 2 — (AP) — The much disputed question of how rigidly American business and industry is concentrated in the hands of a few was reduced to statistics today and added to the record of the monopoly committee. CLASS ROOM LBC TI’RE With chart* and figures. Dr. Willard Thorp. Dun and Braintree t economist who has been loaned to the committee, gave the senators, house members and departmental executives who comprise the Investigating group, a class-room lecture on the subject. He made the following assertions*. Two-tenths o tone per rent of the corporations hold 52 per cent of corporate assets. One one-hundredth of one per rent of the corporations employ 12.3 per cent of all corporate employes. Concentration in specific la!ge Industries ranges from one company doing all the business in the aluminum industry, to four companies accounting (or two per cent of production in the women s clothing Industry. In some other fields groups of three and four companies do 50 per cent or more of the bus! ness. MERGERS PROMOTED Prevailing interpretations of the Sherman anti-trust act have promoted mergers and consequently concentration, a statement disputed by Thurman Arnold, assistant attorney general in charge of enforcing the Sherman law Various alternatives to actual and outright concentration supplement this situation, such as Interlocking directorates, special spheres of Interest, collective action through Joint purchases by large groups of retailers, trade associations and outright violations of the antitrust law In addition to discussing the questions of concentration, Thorp traced the growth of American business, stressing the high mortality rate of new small businesses * throughout the years, and discussing the factors that arise from time to time to disturb the orderly flow of commerce. DURING SCUFFLE 'SOMEWHERE NEAR HOME — HE SURVIVED TRAIN-BUS CRASH DU KI NU iLUrrLC ovnn even bixa.    ------- _    , con Confesses Shooting Pastor To Death In Drunken S upor Don uome&WB ^    ............ h,    "‘.r**!'tl* “‘LU BAINBRIDGE, O., Der. 2— (AP)—Sheriff Joseph Vincent said tonight that Robert Brea-dy, 29, had confessed shooting to death his pastor-father. Dr. Russell II. Bread.v, 62, while In a drunken stupor. The sheriff said young Bready told him the shooting look plare during a scuffle “somewhere near their home” as his father was taking him for a walk to "sober him up ’ Young Bready was quoted a* saying the details were too hazy for him to recall many. Earlier Prosecutor Lester S. Reid had quoted young Bready as saying he had been too drunk to remember what had happened.” The well-known Methodiat Episcopal minister, once mayor pro-tem of Pontiac, Mich., was found shot in the head in a vacant lot two blocks from his parsonage shortly before dawn today. Twenty-nine-year-old Robert Bready, held at Chillicothe, related, Prosecutor Reid said, that he recalled his father walking him about the streets trying to “sober him up He remembered nothing more. ‘I’ve definitely decided to rharge him with homicide, hut the degree has not been determined.” Reid said. He added that charge would he filed tomorrow. Reconstructing the tragedy, Reid expressed belief Dr. Brea dy returned from a lodge installation, found hi* son drunk and a scuffle ensued. Lnder a pillow In the parsonage Marshal Earl Edlngton of Bainbridge found an automatic pistol, which, an autopsy disclosed. was the type from which was fired the bullet that killed Dr. Bready. Mrs. Bready died last July. FOR INCREASED GERMAN EXPORTS— T v/il lllV-cA    I    ■ Nazis Study Jew Barter Plan _  -     _rv._ Overruling Dissent—    _ _ M r NAVY EQUIPS NEW WARSHIPS WITH HIGH PRESSURE BOILERS *    .is     I.    *,    tai,.    Vsm thniiffh WASHINGTON, cr. 2—MV-Military circles heard today that the navy's general board had endorsed new type engineering equipment which figured in a long controversy over warship designs and construction des vs. Overruling critics, an official report to Secretary Swanson this week recommended use of high pressure, super-hrat boilers in the navy's six new 35,000-ton battle ships, among other craft. Secretary Swanson had referred the controversy to the board Some officers had criticized the equipment as expermental and unproved, and a factor in construction Haws and delays. The general board decided, informed persons said, that the new type power plants were most efficient and economical than other designs and gave the warships add ed cruising range The disclosure coincided with indications the construction controversy mght reach congress. Representative Maas 'R-Minn*, ranking minority member of the house naval committee, said he would reintroduce next month a bill to set up a general s aff for the navy somewhat like the army’s. Without endorsing Maas’ proposal, one high-ranking authority said privately he thought the navy's beaucratic organization partly was responsible for construction delays wihch had been noted in recent weeks by Mr Roosevelt. , Charles Edison, assisant secretary, and Admiral William D. Leahy. , chief of operations. Three bureaus—engineering, construction and repair, and ordinance— have at times clashed over Jurisdiction.     ; Goering Due To Announce Details Soon EVIDENCE TO CHECK STORY SOUGHT- Police May Withdraw In Kidnap French Liner Requisitioned LE HAVRE. France. Dec 2.—'/Pi —The French government today requisitioned the liner Normandie after part af the crew threatened a strike to prevent the ship's scheduled departure tomorrow for New York. The union of waiters, supply men and dining room stewards and others, not including sailors, met in the afternoon and decided to strike as a protest against Premier Da-ladier's decree laws and to back up their demands for higher wages. Authorities said that if some of •he ship's workers failed to go to their Jobs they would be replaced by others to enable the liner to sail on schedule. Ransom Motive, Father Asserts Officers Told To Obtain Statement From Physician OXON HILL, Md., Dec. 2— (AP) — Police indicated tonight if they do not find evidence in a short time to corroborate 18 - year - old Mary Brown's story of her abduction, they will withdraw from the case. I LAD IN SLIP Major Elmer F Munshowcr. iu-prrlntendent of the Maryland state police, said: ■ We will stay with the case long enough to satisfy ourselves that and then there will be nothing else Bandages Off Today— BLIND WOMAN AWAITS SIGHT —She's Sure She'll See RAN antonio Der. 2—TA*)—Cheerfully and conf^tolly, Mr, Mars rte Bode awaited in Medical Arts hospital Friday night SSFJSTStaS mf Jot    gj    “ft the removal of bandages from an eye on which a surgeon grail new .cc™, in th. hy««mon,in, th, a!-Toe nannagr, i    ,nMmrU.d bv Mr*. Bode * assertion funning through th. banda,, hut ..id nothin, tould h, kn.»nd,rin,t,t, until th, band.,, la,tak.n oft, On the contrary Mrs. Bode was described by attendants as certain her sight had been restored and she again will be able ^•dXTc^nf^mTe pmtouslv suffered. He won’t be present when Mrs node's bandages are removed________________________ German Spies Get Sentences Court Contrasts Punishment Of U.S. And Reich Roundup Report On WCTOG Ducats Due First general report on the num ber of tickets sold for the membership banquet of the West Central Texas Oil and Gas association will be completed at the chamber of commerce office today. Vie Behrens, chairman of the sales committee, has instructed all salesmen to report to him at that time Leaders in the sale have also urged those persons *vho have not been contacted by salesmen to buy tickets at the chamber of commerce office, or at Hilton, Wooten or Grace hotels. They pointed out that some parsons wishing tickets may have accidentally been missed by salesmen. Traffic Rules Are Enacted Commissioners Make Only Two Minor Changes Delay Baking Death' Trials Prosecution Hints Try To Influence Felon Witnesses mary brown and then there wll be nothing else to do but leave it." The young student returned to her home last night, clothed only in a tattered slip, and said she had been held in a lonely hut by kidnapers since the previous afternoon.    .    .    . Investigators who reported us headquarters late in the afternoon had found no evidence by which they could check the girls stor> Officers in nearby Washington were assigned to obtain a sta te-ment from the doctor who examined the girl. They were told to de- See KIDNAP. Pg. 3, Col. 7 With only two minor changes, a general ordinance regulating traffic In Abilene was passed on second and final reading by the city commission Friday afternoon. It was the ordinance outlined by a chamber of commerce committee after many weeks of W’ork, and the statute had been the subject of several weeks of study by city officials. Chief revision was to strike out the clause which would have required all pedestrians to cross downtown streets at street intersections. That was done on motion of Commissioner George E. Morris, who with Commissioner W. E. Beasley had opposed the other change. Second revision was amendment of the clause which would have given cars in the regular line of traffic right-of-way over vehicles backing away from the curb. It was amended, at suggestion of Mayor Will W Hair, to read “any person leaving the curb in a vehicle shall leave with due regard for passing traffic.” Commissioners Sadler and Webb voted for the amendment along with the mayor. Beasley and Morris voted “No ’ Another ordinance, to prohibit the soliciting of hotel business on the streets and sidewalks, was pass-ed on both first and second read- PHIL A DELPHI A. Dec. 2.—(*V-A suggestion of attempts to influence convict witnesses in the Philadelphia county prison “baking death ’ case came from the prosecution today as a state supreme court order caused postponement of the trials of IO former prison officials on murder and manslaughter charges. Assistant District Attorney John A. Boyle told the court he had been informed at lea • one pr*xm official mentioned paroles to convicts called to testify about events last August when four men perished in super-heated punishment cells. The disclosure was made in opposition to a request by former Deputy Warden Frank A. Craven that he and his attorneys be permitted to interview 21 survivors of the heat. Chief Justice John W. Kephart rebuked Boyle for denying Craven access to these witnesses, and the justice gave Craven's attorneys an additional two weeks to prepare their defense. NEW YORK. Dec 2—(AV-With a grim reference to punishment for espionage in Germany, Federal Judge John C. Knox today imposed prison sentences of from two to six years on three men and a woman accused of selling United States military Information to nan Germans. "Had these defendants been apprehended within the confines of Germany," said Judge Knox sternly, “their fate would have been much more fearful. As It Is, the agents of a totalitarian state are receiving the mercy of a democracy." Then without mentioning the headman's axe directy, he added. “we have no sawdust sprinked on our prison yards." Red-haired Johanna Hofmann, 26, former hairdresser on the German liner Europe, who was accused of acting as a messenger for agents working in this country, was sentenced to four years. The severest sentence, six years, was imposed or Otto Herman Voss. 38, airpane mechanic, accused of turning over aircraft information to German agents. Erich Glaser. 28.. former United States army private, who was stationed at Mitchell field. Long Island, and Guenther Gustav Rum-rich, 32. United States army deserter, was sentenced to two years each. Miss Hofmann. Voss and Glaser were convicted early this week alter a trial lasting six weeks. Rumrlch, Chicago-born son of Austrian parents, pleaded guilty at the beginning of the trial and testified for the government. Propose Swop Of Emigrants For Exchange BERLIN, Dec. 2—(AP) —A prominent nazi editor disclo*-ed today plan* were being studied for making Jewish emigration possible in return for increased German exports. PROPOSAL OUTLINED Although he declined to outline specific details, the editor said the ^ project had advanced to the point j where Field Marshal Hermann Wilhelm Goering. director of the four-year economic plan, could announce I it soon. The editor, who Is close to Goer-ing’s group, explained the idea behind the scheme as follows: "Jews need foreign exchange to get out. We haven’t any. Hence other nations must supply it. These nations, however, will insist that j Germany should repay these sums from possessions left behind by German Jews. “There Is only one way we ban repay—-through goods. Therefore the problem of ridding ouraelves of | Jews and for Jews to make emigration possible comes to this: "How great a quantity of additional German food* are foreign nations prepared to bu? from Germany? They can have ail 650,006 Jews and half-Jews if they will give us enough export orders." Iron fences enclosing Jewish burial plots were being torn down to Increase the German supply oi scrap iron and newspapers took up a campaign against persons who sympathise with Jews. High nan circles rejected Ideas that an order forcing Jews to remain home tomorrow between noon and 8 p. rn. would be used to arrest more wealthy Jews. Tomorrow la the day of national solidarity when nazis collect money for th* winter relief fund. “The purpose of the order is merely to shows Jews their place, one prominent nazi said. "We don t want the day marred by having to see a single Jewish face.” Still dazed by shock and suffering serious injuries. Douglas Brown, 18, is shown In a Salt Lake City hospital, where he was taken after he survived a school bus railroad grade crossing crash. (Associated Presa photo) * * * GRATEFUL MOTHER KISSES SON DURING DECEMBER ONLY SAVE MONEY ON THE ABILENE REPORTER • NEWS Morning — Evening — Sunday MORNING EDITION, including Sundays, one J'/ QQ year by carrier IN ABILENE .................. “    M (Regular rate 15c per week)    * EVENING EDITION, including Sundays, one    ® /Qj year by carrier IN ABILENE ................ N*    rn • Regular rate 17c per week)    m COMBINATION-1 BOTH PAPERS) Morning    — and Evening including Sundays, one year by C I rn a    (J carrier IN ABILENE .......................... (Regular rate 27c per week)    ™ MAIL RATE Either paper. INCLUDING SUNDAYS, one year by mail in West Texas ........................ (Regular rate $7.00 per year) $495 ing.___ Stamford Water Bonds Are Sold WASHINGTON. Dec. 2—(A*)—The RPC announced today it had sold to the highest bidders 20 issues of bonds of various governmental units, having a total face value of $3,856,000, at a net premium of $224,764 87. Sales and the price per $1,000 included: Stamford, Texas, $114,000 water revenue bonds. Mexican Aviator Sets Hop Record MEXICO CITY. Dec. 2 — (A*) — Capt. Francisco Sarabia, dean of Mexican fliers, set his single motored monoplane down here today ; to establish a new non-stop flight I record from Burbank, Calif., to Mexico City. Captain Sarabia completed the trip in 6 hours and 31 minutes to better by one hour and 41 minutes the previous record set by Andy Anderson of Los Angeles. Pauper Class Seen BALTIMORE Dec. 2 — A*■ — An expert in governmental research predicted today a “professional j pauper” class in the United States. 1 Job Finders Urged BOSTON. Dec. 2—.PF—A national organization of educational and business groups to help young people find jobs was proposed today by Colby M. Chester, chairman of the General Foods Corp. The Weather Mrs. A. R. Bedstead kisses her son. Mack, one of the survivors of the freight train-achool bus crash, which took * * * th# lives of more than a scort of children. (Associated Preaa photo.) ABU.FNF AMI VICINITY:    OMtralb fair ana Muller >a>ur«|«> ; Mullin\ fair KA MT TEX x* OfMrittr fair, (ta rt I \ flood» In a strrmi* nmitheaat portion. cooler MUiirdav; Sunday fair. Minier alf nrontl* norther!' wind* an l(*r annal, HEST TEXAS: Fair. rtwlrr In aoathraat portion Saturda\ . Sand*' fair. TEM FERAT I RES A. M.    HOI    R St   .......... I st ............ *    ....... •MA  ..... S    ...... SM ........... 4    ..... st ............ x    * • SS ............. *    ...... 5*  ........ ■    I ....... ■MI  ......... ■    « an ...... til HO Midnight    St*.    X»«*n r m . in . a* . SA *4 a* . AS SS . ss $2 It ti sn. tv iff ae 1 la ai a    mr*    - Hight-*! and lowrat trnmrraturt-a In It p rn \««lerrta' . Id and A2: »amr dal* a I mr ago Al and 42:    annafl feeler**'. A;S4. MinrtM- Indat, 1:24; aw nan! today. A; .14. Group To Press Kennedy's Plan LONDON, Dec. I—.T’)—Men of six nations decided today to tackle Germany again in the International effort to get her estimated 600.000 unwanted Jews out of the country under the $800,000,000 plan sponsored by United States Ambassador Joseph P Kennedy The action was taken by the vice chairman’s committee of the inter governmental committee on refu gees, composed of men representing the United States, Great Britain. Prance, the Netherlands, Brazil and , Argentina. New approaches to Germany, it was understood, will be made by French Foreign Minister George:* Bonnet through German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop when von Ribbentrop visits Paris next week. M.E. Merger Not To Affect Schools NASHVILLE. Trnn . Der 3—OF —The “historic relationships ’ of» colleges and universities of the Methodist Episcopal church. South j will not suffer in the union of American Methodism, Dr Henry N Snyder of Spartanburg. S C, told , church college executives tonight The Wofford college president declared: “The school will still be- | long to the conference, or group oi ■ conferences, to which it now Delongs Any changa o{ relationship can only be made with its consent and the consent of the conference. PLAN PRIVATE FUNERALS FOR 23 VICTIMS IN BUS DISASTER No Inquest In Deaths Will Be Held; ICC Examiners To Gather Testimony SALT LAKE CITY, Dec 2 —(ZF -Bereaved parents of tile victims of Utah’s “Black Thursday" school bus disaster that took 23 lives decided tonight to hold private funerals rather than have mass rites in historic Mormon tabernacle. Most of the 22 high school students killed yesterday when a mile-a-minute freight, speeding through a snowstorm, rocketed tnto the bus, were children of Latter-Day Saints farmers. Bus Driver Farrold H Silo ox. the With Other Receipts $57.50 FRATERNITY DANCE ADDS S45 PLUS TO GOODFELLOWS FUND ______thf    120075    Friday    c Carrying out an annual custom of the Phi Sigma Chi fraternity, the Goodfellows dance to provide a merry Christmas for destitute families was held last night at the Hilton hotel. Young and old turned out to dance and help in playing Santa Claus to 'he needy. At IO o'clock last night fraternity officers reported that the share of the proceeds the Goodfellows would receive wras about $45. An exact check on advance sale of tickets had not been completed and many more were expected to attend the dance later. Numerous persons bought tickets as a donation to the fund. With exception of pay for the orchestra, which was playing for about half its usual fee, all proceeds of the dance will go to the fund. The ball room, tickets and advance posters had all been donated. With receipts of $57 59 yesterday, the fund was raised to $200 75. Friday contributions were $50 from Abilene Business & Professional Women's club; $5 from W H Morrison; and $2:50 from G. A Wall. Any persons wishing to give to the fund should send their donations to The Goodfellows, Abilene Reporter-News. U. S. Volunteers Leave Loyalists LA TOUR DE CAROL. France (At The Spanish Frontier), Dec. 2 —YAP)—The main body of American volunteers of the Spanish government's Internatonal brigades left Spam for home today, getting out of the country a few hundred yards ahead of an insurgent bomb attack. Still In formation as members of the Lincoln ana washington bat-talion of the 15th international brigade, the Americans. 332 strong but including only unwounded soldiers. marched across the border to La Tour de Carol in a well-publicized departure. As they stood in the safety of the town's railway station, five insurgent plans plunged IS bombs on the railway outside the Spanish border town of Alp, a few hundred yards away. The Americana entrained for Paris from where they will proceed within a few days to New York. A final group of about 300, including all wounded, will follow this unit soon, completing the repatriation of Americans. one man who might have been sale to explain the crash, was the 23rd victim. Unraveling of the tragedy will be handled by Interstate Commerce commission examiners, enroute here from Washington. Denver and Rio Grande railroad officials announced. Salt Lake county general hospital officials set the toll today at 23 dead and 16 seriously injured. Four are in critical condition. County Attorney Harold E. Wallace said no inquest would be held. All investigators agreed that only Silcox could have fully explained the accident. The exact death list had fluctuated because of the condition of the bodies and the difficulty the Jordan district school had rn checking the names of more than 40 occupants of the bus L. W. Nielson, the principal, sam I all had now been accounted for and that the portions of bodies i picked up along the roadside — st first believed to indicate possibly five more deaths—belonged to identified victims. It was expected several months would elapse before testimony to be I gathered by ‘he ICC represena-tives after an open hearing would be made public.    _    . Survivors agreed that Driver Silcox looked both ways before starting across the tracks. C. I*. Nelson, superintendent of transports'mn for the Jordan school district, said    . “We know that he stopped ’he bas From that point on we can only guess.”    _ Triplets No Surprise HILLSDALE, Mid), Dec. 3—(AV* Mrs. Ivan Nichols, mother of day-old triplets—two boy* and i girl— saki today she wasn't unduly surprised She has given birth SC three sets of twins. Fourteen ol j her 15 children are living. ;