Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - December 1, 1944, Abilene, Texas
SIXTH WAR LOAN County E. E SMme Jkqporter-Betitf "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT LXIV, NO. 163 A TEXAS MIWSPAPOt ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 1, 1944.-TWENTY PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Press PRICE FIVE CENTS Allies Drive Ahead on All Nazi Fronts "Another jap Convoy, "Mass of Men, Sunk By the Associated Press Once again the Japanese tried to pour reinforcements into their Leyte defense.lines, and again the enemy convoy has been destroyed in the Philippines, Gen. Douglas MacAr- headquarters reported today. The action took place Nov. 29 and 30, Philippine time. It was the second Leytc-bound convoy to be wiped out this week, and the third in a fortnight. I brought to MacArthur' official count of the enenr Jtroops lost while trying t reach the Leyte battlegrounc I'' MacArthur also reported the sink Ing of a Japanese submarine 1 Ormoo bay, Japan's shipping ter minus for Leyte, and' a Vamount of air activity. Torrents o rain have held ground action t a minimum but the communlqu the Yanks were keepiing up th pressure against all Nipponese po sitions. As an .aftermath of the nava battle of the Philippines, whlcl grew out of MacArthur's landing on Leyte and which cost the Japanes a iarge part of the'fleet, the U. S BNavy named foul- of its escort car which were damaged in tha fight. The carriers were the Kalinin Bay, the Fanshaw Bay ,the Kitkui Bay and the White Plains. At the same time the Navy I disclosed that 800 men had been rescued from the escort carrier St. Lo and 600 from the Gam- bler Bay, both both of which weer sunk In the memorable Naval encounter. The number of men ordinarily carried by craft of their type never has been an- nounced. Art Imperial communique at Tokyo mid' Japanese planes sank a battle ship and three large transport- Wednesday (U. S. time) in a second -attack this week on in Leyte gulf. American Yesterday the, enemy communique claimed the sinking..Monday of r battleship, three cruisers and fou; transports and damage to' another battleship or large cruiser and -transport there. The only form of Allied confir- mation of either of these reports was an acknowledgement by Gen- MacArthur of the Monday raid which he admitted caused some dam- age. He did not report the extcn nature of the damage. Premier Kuniakl Kolso In t radio appearance said the B-29 attacks would Intensify the Japanese fighting spirit. Maj. Gen. Albert C. Wedemeyer U. S. commander In- China, ack- that the Japanese .had knowledged t a large fori in the Kwangsi- Kwcichow border area, in position to thwart the long-projected re- opening of the Burma road, and within easy reach of French Indo- china. A juncture of these enemy (forces with those in Indo China would give Japan a clear route through inland China from Man- churia on the north to Singapore on the south. JiJap Soldier 'Good Fighting WASHINGTON, Nov. 30 Japanese soldier is "a good fight- ing man'1 and in some respects well Hie Office of War Infor- reported today. Rounding up information from tlie Army and other official sources the OWI survey said the chief de- ficiencies of the Oriental enemy ap- jiear in artillery and In individual Jhiltintivc. But any Idea .that the Japanese soldier Is "a stupid. Insensate peas- ant." was brushed aside as "com- pletely erroneous." YOUR ATTENTION Interesting and Important Kfnrifs In this edition include: 2 Germans jfaln In Italy. Tape 2 Mrs. Luce bothers Page says U.S. to aid British postwar exporting. Page Er-Students support Raincy Page confirmed. Page gain. Page B. Fall dies. Page FDR fires Riddle aide. Page hit Tokyo "Rain. Goodfellows Receive'44 Cash Gifts As has been the tradition for years, the Klwanis club made the first contribution of 'co the Goodfellow fund Thursday. Follow- ing in customary order, too, "were the West Texas Utilities company, the Citizens National and Farmers and Merchants National banks, and the Reporter-News, each with a gilt of The Onyx Refining com- pany led other con'cributors with a check for Although the need for help at Christmas Is not as great as it was during depression years when more than 700: families were given toys and food, there are still. families who need help in preserving the good cheer and traditions of Christ- mas. About 175 families were found in need of Goodfellows lielp last year, and approximately the same number is expected to need aid this year. The GoodfellowE do not scatter gifts hit and miss with the funds which are raised. Trained -social service workers make a careful sur- vey of 'families reported, and find each family's needs. Almost half the money spent by the Goodfellows last year was for clothing and shoes. Some-went-to aged couples, to small children of widows, and to' families where the man In the home was 111. Some familiesj who have recently liad bad luck often have too much pride to ask for help, and the Good- fellows -are requesting tha'c close neighbors who know of such fami- lies notify them so that no one will be left without the opportunity of having a happy Christmas. Postmaster o. A. Hale acts as urn-chaser of the gifts for the needy [amilies, and chooses whatever lias seen found was most needed in the home, whether it be food, clothine. or those just as necessary gifts, toys! Send your gifts to the Goodfellows now. Make checks to The Goodfel- lows, and address letters to The oodfellows, Abilene. The Abilene Exchange club and the city firemen gather and recon- aicion toys. Others who have work- ed voluntarily with the ''Goodfellows .or years, and will direct the work ,his year are Mrs. Margaret Schmidt, Jnited Welfare association: Mr. Hale: Nib Shaw, Coca-Cola; Robert Wylic, Insurance man: and The Reporter-News. All gifts will be acknowledged In The Reporter-News, except when Conors specifically request that cnelr names not be used. Dusseldorf Hub of Nazi Production AP Newsfeatures When the Allies move into Dus- seldorf, on the northern side of the Rhine, they will gain possession of a vital link in the chain of cities producing supplies lor the Nazi war machine. In addition to huge metallurgical, machinery and chemical plants, also produces glass, fur- niture, paper, dyes, paints, enamels and .textiles. Products have been shipped quickly and efficiently via transportation lines that make the city as important a supply hub for the Germans in this war as it was in World War I. A large network of railroads, bombed often by the RAP, converg- es in the city, with main lines ra- diating to such important points as Berlin, Bremen, Hamburg and Cologne. Quantities of goods were also moved by water, for scores of river steamers and barges could be accommodated at the Rhine River quays. In prewar days, even ocean going ships operated from the quays to the North sea. Situated 24 miles from Cologne, this city where Poet Helnrich Heine was born held little importance un- til it was raised to the rank of a town In 1288. Before industry start- ed to center there in the 1870's, Dus- seldorf felt the impact of war In the Thirty Years War and the War of the Spanish Secession. Older sections.o! the city fea- ture quaint streets and houses, but the newer quarters make it one of the handsomest of German towns, with open squares and imposing modern architecture. Among its more important landmarks nre. the Academy of Painting, founded by the elector, Charles Theodore, In 1767, and the old ducal palace, which was restored in 1846. RED CROSS MAN JOCKEYS FOR PRISONER EXCHANGE By GEORGE TUCKER NEAR ST. NAZATRE, Nov. strange Journey by jeep and torpedo boat during which an American Red Cross official from Birmingham, Ala., sat blindfolded for more than two hours was the open- ing move, in exchange of 53 Allied prisoners of war today. Andrew Geron Hodges, senior field director for the U. S. 94th infantry division, hoisted a Red Cross flag above his jeep, and drove into. German lines west of the little town of Chauve.' He was stopped by a German lieutenant who blindfolded him, drove the jeep'himself to a point'near the coast. There a torpedo boat took them to St. Nazaire. After a 10- mlnute walk through the streets they entered a house. The blindfold was removed, and Hodges founil himself looking at four German officers. The parley for prisoners began. They handed Hodges what was supposed to be a list of all Allied prisoners in that sector. But Hodges, examining it, shook his head. "They're nol all here. Two Americans and an Englishman are missing." "Are you "Yes, I'm Hodges said. "I know who they are, and they aren't on this list." One German said: "Well, you won't have to worry about the Americans. They escaped last night." "If they did escape I will know about It when I get back." The Germans agreed that was right, and then Hodges asked about the Englishman. "What do'you care about just one the Germans asked. "You don't even know his name." "The hell I don't. He's Capt. Michael R. O. Foot. His father's brigadier." The German leaned forward: "I'm afraid we can't exchange Captain Foot. He's given us a lot of trouble. He's escaped four times and been recaptured four times. He knew too much." "In that Hodges replied, "I can only say that the exchange can't come off. We want them all, or none. My people wouldn't consider leaving a single Allied prisoner here." "You would sacrifice the freedom of the other men for Just one Eng- lish "Yes. or'for just one French private. It's all or none." Finally the Germans said they would exchange Captain Foot for five German majors with iron crosses at the neck. "Then you admit that one British captain Is the equal of five German Notices 5ald. When the interpreter translated this for the ranking German officer, he banged his fist on the table, and cried "Neln, nein." "But you salt! the exchange was to be on an equal for Hodges said. After further parley, the Germans proposed three captains and three lieutenants for Foot. Hodges refused. In the end the Germans agreed to swap Foot for one German major or captain with a plain iron cross. The agreement then was sealed on a glass of brandy. Hodges was blindfolded and came back. Series E Sales Total Chinese, Not Japs Would Say 'So Solly' WASHINGTON, Nov. 30-OT The OWI says it isn't so that the Japanese cannot pronounce the let- er "R." Exploding what it called a "popu- ar American OWI report- 3d that It's the Chinese who can't pronounce while the Japs can't "L." With this information in hand, he American soldier now wlU know he oriental who says "so solly" irobably Is a Chinese. Sales In Abilene increased Thurs- day to bring series E bond sales to- tals from to With the addition of in overall sales, the overall sales now total C. M. Caldwell, county chairman of bond sales last night, urged the purchase of E bonds as a preventive of inflation and as an aid to win- ning the war. 'E bonds, the best bond for the ordinary purchaser, are going too he stated. "These are best bonds to keep the dollar from going too cheap. "People are making approximately a 25% surplus above what they tually need, and investing that sur- plus in bonds would be a big help in getting the boys home. The waste of that extra money Is as danger- ous an implement as a man can he declared. An- additional bond story will be found on Page 2. The Weather S. nF.PARTMr.NT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND fr Houdlne" and continued rnMrr Frl- tv. Saturday cloudy And occasional EAST rlday, occasional Hfhl rains tnwpr Rio trande vallty, rnolfr ioulh nnrlinn, onlinued' cold norlh nnrtfnn Frldtr. alurday rlouilj. occasional pain ex- remf south portion. Continued r.nld WEST roMrr end country and Del Itio-Karle Pass rca. Occasional rain nM-Rlo-F.acle rca >nd occasional 11 tin snow rsn- andle anil .South Plains Friday and 'day nleht. Saturday partly cloudy. hurs. A.M. .11 37 TEMPERATURES Wed. Thtm. HOUR Wtd. P.M. ,11 .11 41 in lo 30 High and i.: 43 and llirli and r and 33. Sunsft 1 nlrhl! Runrlsf. morning: Suniet tonlfhti Ifmprralitrfs In same dal 1) p, llll jear: J. P. Carr Killed In Mine Accident v J. P. Carr. 63, resident of Abi- lene the past five years, was killed at 3 p. m. Thursday 11 miles west of Mcnard while working on the Silver Creek mine'. A derrick on which Carr was working, fell and his neck was broken. His body is to be returned here for burial. Funeral arrangements will be announced from Kiker-War- ren chapel. Mr. Carr, whose address here is 641 Willow, had been working lor some time at the mine. Born In Alabama Feb. 10, 1881. Mr. Can1 came Texas 51 yeni's ago. He lived in Limestone county before coming to Paducah 40 years ago, where ne resided prior to moving to Abilene. He Is survived by his wife, now in Monahans: one son, E. E. Carr: two daughters, Mrs. Annie Mac Long and Mrs. Oiadjs Goodman; his mother, Mrs, Rec Carr, all of Monahans; one brother, J. A. Carr of Abilene; five sisters, Mrs. W. F, Hawks, Mrs. A. L. Witt and Miss Annie Carr all of Abilene; Mrs. E. W. Thomas and Mrs. S. A. Hodges both of Paducah. JEEPS AMANNON BY AIR ON D-DAY LONDON, Nov. and six-pound cannon were dropped io British airborne troops In parachutes soon aft- er landings In France, It was disclosed tonight. The Jeeps and guns were In action against the Ocrman.i than two hours after they left England In Halifax bomb- ers. Special crates devised by British engineers, complete with shock prevented ilam- BSC to (he cargo on lamling, (hough they hit the ground at If) miles an hour. FILIPINO GIRL GUERILLA Amparo Boni- cclli former Tacloban, Lcytc. school teacher who fled to the mountains before the Japs and fought them in Guerilla warfare, killing many with an American carbine and Jap pistol, is congralulatcd by Philippine President Sergio Osmc- na Her husband is slill fighting Japs in the moun- tains. (AP Wirephoto from Signal IMMIGRANT BUYS IN BONDS WASHINGTON, Nov. 30 Shortly helore Pearl Harbor, Mrs. Maria P. Schltoppeglla bought a new home here. She had just enough furni- ture for the 11'. ing room and for the bedroom for herself and her son, an Army sergeant. Tlie other rooms still are empty. And it Isn't because she doesn't have the money. Slips buying war bonds vor'h. counting what 117- son al.so has bought. As soon as she eels a check from her Investments a few days hence, she plans to buy a share In the Sixth War loan. Her story: "I came to America when T was 18-53 year- apo. When I landed, I Hart America hns been good lo me. I have taken care of my momy, nnd now I have a ta.sk for It lo do. Quick Response In Sale of Seals Returns from the Tuberculosis Christmas seals and health bonds yesterday reached count- ing Wednesday's sales of Mrs. Leon Wil.son, executive secre- tary of the Taylor county Tuber- culosis association, reported. Response from Abilene and from communities outside of town hns been very prompt, Mrs. Wilson slated. The first day's returns from the county, not including any from Abilene, amounted to By-products of War, a radio dramatization, Is slated Sunday over KRBC on behalf of the seal sale. Tom K. Eplen Is to speak today at the Rotary club In connection ____ ._, _ with a scries of addresses at service I 39 and Texarkrma 41. clubs on behalf of the fund. Thurs- day the Rev. Willis P. Gerhart spoke at the Lions club and Mon- day, H. S. Fatherree was at the Junior chamber of commerce lun- cheon. Mrs. E. Dudley will speak to the Women's Federation club. Reach Flooded Roer Both Sides of Julich PARIS, Nov. Ninth Army troops, striking behind barrages of high-explosive and phosphorous shells which bid terrible executive, swept through three more German towns today in their new smash at the left end of ths blazing Aachen front and tonight had reached the flooded Roer river along a 20-mile stretch above and below Julich. The Roer is the last important natural barrier standing 'between Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's attacking.forces and the Rhine, some 25 mile's to the east. Captured in the surge of Lt. Gen William Simpson's Ninth Army forces east and northeast of Gellen- kirchen were the blackened villages of Lindern, Flossdorf and Roer- dorf, all on or near the west bank of the Roer. In another village, Beeck. a mile southwest of Lindern, American troops found more Nazi dead piled in the streets than in any German town yet entered. As the reeled back un- Temperature Hits 29 Here, Hard Freeze Pvf. Clyde Sorrels Killed in Action Abilene's temperature had drop- ped to 29 last night at 9 and 10 p. m. and was forecast to BO down be- tween 20 and 25 degrees before morning, with a hard freeze. One result of the freezing tem- peratures in Abilene was the added impetus to antl-freeze sales, even though permanent antl-freeze Is al- most a thing of the past, and can be procured only If one's best friend Is a dealer who was lucky enough to find some. Abllenlans had been warned of the danger to water pipes, and the city water department added a warning that persons whose water turned off In the new tangled the careful to turn both cocks, or no prevention to freezing would be secured. With only out 'cap turn- ed off, the only result is the loss of water. After recovering from its first hard freeze, Abilene's forecast for today is increasing cloudiness and continued cold, with warmer tem- peratures during the day. temperature! nipped Panhandle and West Texan' areas yes'cerday and a light snow was fore- cast for the Panhandle today. Lubbock registered 31 degrees 7 p. m. last night and 'the mercury continued its drop. Beaumont reported a high of 60 degrees yesterday, but frost and temperatures In the upper 30's were predicted. Houston, clear and cool, was also cxpcc'clng frast, At San An- tonio the mercury slumped to 30 degrees. Other temperatures over the state reported by the weather bureau at p. m., last night: Amarillo 23, Dalhart 20, Pampa 22, Clarendon 23, Wichita Falls 29, Fort Worth 37, Dallas 37, Big Spring 30, Wink 35, El Paso 49, Del. Rio 43, Laredo 59, Waco 54. AusUn 48, Cor- pus Christl 58, Brownsville 65, Gal- veston 56, Tyler 43, Sulphur Springs Temperatures dropped through- out the nation yesterday as a cold mass of air pushed south from Can- ada to cover most of the United States. New England's heavy rains turned to snow, and traffic in up- sta'tc New York was snarled by snow and sleet. Wllliston, N. D. reported 10 below; Vicksburs. Miss., 25; Kansas City, 13; and Chicago 19. Sergeant Alderman Listed as Wounded S SKl. Ellsworth Alderman, hiis- ifmd of Mrs. Ellswnrth L. Alderman. Palm street, listed ns being wounded In action In Ihe European area, In nn announcement, made by he War department yesterday. Cabinet Crises Facing Europe By The Associated Press Crisis marked the fortunes of four European cabinets yesterday. A new Polish cabinet WHS formed, an Italian loader was Invited t.o try again, while difficulties mount- ed for the premiers of Belgium and Greece. Toma.sz Arclszewskl, 68-year-old Socialist, lender, took the helm of a nrw Polish cabinet In London, and NEW ORLEANS, Nov. 30 pledged himself to seek ficttlement j of the thorny Polish-Russian prob- KNOX CITY, Nov. H. sorrells, In servic 1944, was killed in Italy Nov. 12 when a building in which he was located was bombed by the enemy, wife, Mrs. Velora Sorrels of Knox City has been advised by the War department. According to a letter from Army chaplain. Private Snrrrlr. was buried in a military cemetery in Northern Italy November 14, with full military honors. Besides -his wife, he survived two children; hir. parents. Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Sorrplls of Rule: three brothers, W. E. of Rule, Karl of Knox City and A. L. of VJnson, and two sisters. Mrs. E. E. Thompson of Knox Oily nnd Mrs. Marie Brothers of Rule. Irue Thanksgiving i For Superior! Crew 0 AFT Re-Names Green President, Adjourns 1cm. Prospects were not regarded as bright. In Italy, Ivanoe Bonoml, resigned union with the CIO ami the United premier, was asked by Crown Prince Umbcito, lieutenant general of the realm, to attempt formation of aii- ollicr cabinet. Three political par- ties were with him, three opposing. A di'.patch from reported persistent, but. unconfirmed talk that aged Premier Hubert Picrlot might, offer In resign In view of the mounting bit f.orne.'..'v demonstrated in some quarters against, him. nut Plrrlot. has in.slsled lie would net, yield to minority pursuing a childish hope of seining power." In Greece, hunger and opposition from communists fronted n crisis for the uoveriunenl of Premier George Pnpandreou. time today and pledged himself :nt for the 21st he immediately lo work toward Mine Workers. Earlier in thp 64th convention, which closed tonight, Green had offered to quit if It would bring solidnrity of American labor. The fichr.larly AFL president, whose ficorc of years In office has encompassed some of the bitterest strife in the nation's labor history, said he accepted another term: "Some wlin left, us will be back when we nnxt. convene. T will do my best to bring it about." All 13 vice-presidents nnd Sec- iT.tnry-liTiiMMTr GcorKC Mcnny, likewise were re-circled without opposition. Thn Annual conven- tion goes to Chicago. A U. S. B-29 BASE, Wc.st China. der the rain of American shells and once losing It to a counter-attack. On Nov. 30 Superfortress "last, slowed Ihe previously resort" came home afler the recent advance of Lt. Gen. GE Omura raid but of all hrr believes It yet. It was a real ThankFsivhiR sea- win for Ihe crewmen. By all laws of probabilities, they should have been eating rice and iiMi as Japa- nese prisoners instead of succulent roast duck in their own mess. What held the "Last Resort" up and togethr during the mile return trip from Omura still i? a mvstery. On the bomb run, the ship, with its bomb bay open, was at- tacked by three ilglucrs diving out of the .sun. Three engines were shot out. Explosive bullets riddled the plane from end to end and from wingtip to wingtip. The instruments were reduced to a bullet-ridden hash. Tt looked like the last stop of the Last, Resfirl was the, bottom of the Yellow sea. But Maj. Donald W. With THE U. S. NINTH ARMY, Germany, Nov. An assault on four German towns by tanks and hundreds of American soldiers had to be postponed today because one Inadvertently mentioned over the radio the time the at- iack was scheduled. The Ameri- cans re-scheduled the attack for a.m. and the war went an. before the bayonets of Simpson's doughboys they came under wither- ing attack by Thunderbolt fighter bombers. While (he shattering attack by three divisions of the. Ninth Army beat back the dug-ln Ger- mans threatened to develop fnio a fierce drive on rtorf, Z8 miles away, Lt. Gen Courtney Hodges' if. S. First Army oft ihe-nfight won the fortified towns of Lam- meorf and Grosshau In savage lighting; and virtually, put th7 Wo-ily Hurtgen behind "them.'" j; Others, of, Hodges' forces fougfci nee-siw-battle for a brltige little -Inde river at' Inden, midway of the Aachen front, winning bacK ihe western end of the span after furious Nazi _ -_ the extreme right Hodges' men smashed east- ward from captured Hurtgen to .within a.bout a mile and a half of the Roer river, cutting an important road between Klelnhau and Brand- enberg. The First Army alone bagged more than prisoners during the day of ceaseless fighting on the muddy Cologne plain..and the count of dead and wounded Nazis ran very high. Yank troops fighting in- side the village of Merodc, three and a half miles from the bid road center of Duren, lost ground to de- termined enemv counter-attacks. "This Is first of any objective of river or a battle to kill or Imprison Ger- salil Associated Press Correspondent William S. While In front dispatch. "The Plrst Army Is having to pay for all (hid, and German resistance has not weakened anywhere." (A German military spokesman announced that. 70 Allied divisions 850.000 were at the western defenses of the Reich. The German high com- mand claimed that 75 Allied tanks had been knocked out In the last two days. In almost every sector from Hol- land to Switzerland the' Germans were counter-attacking frequently and hard. This stiffening resistance spectacular c-orge S. Pat- ton's Third Army on the Saar front, limiting Its gains to an average of abnut a mile. Pat ton's 35th Infantry division a- lone hurled back 10 German coun- ter-attacks in 24 hours, but pushed nn a mile to within three miles of Saarlantern, midway between Mer- zig and Saarbrucken. Third Army tanks which oc- cupied high ground dominating' the German city o( near the Luxembourg border, found themselves under artil- V lery fire both from the east and the shells appar- ently coming from Siegfried line fortifications. Tank troops were within two miles of Mer- r.ip on the northwest, west and southwest. Other Third Army troops wera fichtinft forward near Fehberg, "stayed with tile guy who! three mile.1! southwest of Saarlau- lining her" and fougtli a gang attack by 20 .Iapane.se fighters com- ing In for the kill. Alter beatlnc tiff this assault, the "Last nesort" landed on an emergency field near the Jap lines In China. The chew worked 24 hours patch- ing the ship with baling wire and friction tape the flying sieve, with Ihrcat. Then the flying sieve, with daylight, showing through scores of bullet holes, clawed Its way Into the air from a too-short runway nnd came winging home. Brady Man Killed BRADY, Nov. Hall. 20, son of Mr. and Mrs. Clyde Hall of Brady was fatally Injured yester- day from the accldenial discharge of his rifle while on a deer hunt. Funeral services were held here lodnr. tern: at. L'Hospltal on the German frontier 13 miles southwest, of Saar- brucken; and'On high ground over- looking Saare union, where street fighting was reported. Troops of Lt. Gen. Alexander M. Patch's U. S. Seventh Army, driv- ing toward the German border north of Strasbourg, approached within a mile and a half of the im- portant French city of Hagensu and threatened It with R flanking pu.O) on the west. Hapenau Is 14 1-3 miles from the German frontier. Claudicion Order Founder Dies at 70 PHOENIX, Ariz., Nov. The Hev. Leo Monterlo. '10, founder of Ihe Claudlclan order In the Unit- ed States at San Antonio, Tex., In 1902, died here yesterday after in illness of two dnys.