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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - August 31, 1944, Abilene, Texas August Quota .........$223,200.00 Sal^ yesterday ...... $ 30,954.73 August Sales ......... $133,421.75 Che Abilene Reportereve*™ S        r.'fS,    vnrrn    iv-nni    n    TV    APTf    V    \C    IT    mrS    ’-Rvrnn VOL. LXIV, NO. 75 * TEXAS a-* HEWSP AMB   .     BRITISH GAIN 60 MILES "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETO! YOUR WORLD EXAC I EV VS ll COES FOURTEEN PAGES ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY EVENING, AUGUST 31, 1944 —Byron    ________ Associated Press (AP) I nited Press (U P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS }ed s Believed in Bucharest floesti Fields Not Destroyed By EDDY GILMORE MOSCOW, Aug. 31.—(AP) The Red army wa* believed today to have entered Bucharest, capital of Romania, .tier capturing the great Ploesti oil fields and preempting perhaps a third of the German petroleum supply. \t midnight, the Russians were 17 miles from the city of 648,000 after an advance of nearly 40 miles in a da> through the capitulated Balkan kingdom^ announcemcnt was . _.    i    not    yet    made    but Muscovites kept Ex-45th Man Ceading 90lh ’»1Naz^GiveUpfe,|» Friday, I P. M.  Belgium Only Flee loward Lyon Says Gen. Ike 30 M UGS Aw0Y «    vnorA    ado    '    WASHINGTON.    AUK    SI    .—UP)    —I    • WASHINGTON. Aug. 31.— (UP)— | resident Roosevelt today nom!- j noted Brig. Gen. Raymond £’• Mc- j Lain, recently made commander of j the 90th division in northern France, for promotion to temporary j Mar or General. WlcLain. 54-year old veteran of< the last war, commanded the 70th j Field Artillery brigade of the 45th | division in the Sicilian and Italian- their radios tuned for an order of the day. “With the fall of Ploesti, the way to Bucharest is open,” Red Star said. Izevesti* reported from captured Ploesti that the abrupt Red army drive had prevented destruction of the Ploesti oil fields but added that serious damage had been done. Romanian oil workers helped the Russians put out tremendous fires and civilians directed Soviet troops to a large group of Germans dressed as civilians, applying the torch right and left. The dispatch added that a plane trip over the fields greatest in Europe except for RAYMOND S. MCLAIN c#tpaigns In this war and participated in the Normandy invasion as artillery commander of the 30th division. In civilian life he was president of the American First Trust Co., Oklahoma City. 9    •    • • General McLain became commander of the 45th division when it was mobilized at Fort Sill, Okia. in September 1940. He came to Abilene and Camp Barkeley in Feb-r {pry 1941 with the 45tli when that ramp was first occupied and went with the division to the Mediterranean theater after it had tiainrd here more than a year and in eastern camps. so happens, too. that General M$Lain’s new command is the division which was activated at Camp Barkeley and which trained tilers several months along with the 45th. The 90th was at Camp Barkeley 18 months after activation. -♦ — No Rural Delivery To Be Made Monday those in Russia itself, disclosed that the German* did everything possible to destroy wells, pipelines, derricks and equipment. A ’Reuters dispatch to London from Moscow today quoted the Soviet army organ Red Star as( saying that German forces had set; the Ploesti oil wells afire in Romania before withdrawing and that Russian troops had to fight their way into the area through a sea of flame. Forces of Gen. Fedor I. Tolbuk-hir. were pushing through level plain country along with those of Gen. Rodion Y. Malinovsky and were believed already to have joined hands. Another arm of Malinovsky's big command turned directly north through a pass leading to Brasov (pop. 61,800» on the trunk line railroad from Bucharest and Vienna. Large groups of Germans and Hungarians are known to be massed in Hungary-held Transylvania in the path of this force. Even after the Romanian army’s big defeats on the Russian steppes, in the Crimea and at Odessa, Red Star said it still had 30 to 35 divisions. King Mihai has pledged these to the Allies. “German divisions in Romania are doomed,” the usually conservative army organ added. Red Star said five to six German divisions in Greece and the Aegean islands were cut off from the main German army and that Marshal Titos divisions had handed the Germans defeats in Yugoslavia. (The Germans acknowledged Russian entry into Hungarian territory at two points and said Hungarian and German troops fought fiercely to plug gaps carved out by the Russians, reported to have won control of four principal passes into Transylvania.) The lighting advance by Gen. Malinovsky’s army captured an additional 15,000 Germans Tuesday, Offering Nine Days and Forty Acres of Attractions, the 22d West Texas Fair opens at I p. rn. Fri day afternoon. Today, West Texas Fair officials and fair association employes were wearing smiles as bright as the sun that came out after several through days of rain and clouds. The West Texas Fair of 1944 is so completely set to go that it could have opened toda^ without hitch. “We have never seen an exposition shape up more completely, even at the last minute of opening day," beamed Dr. M. T. Ramsey, Fair president. And here Is how preparations stand: The horse stalls were nearly full this morning, with beautiful palomino horses entered in the Texas Palomino Horse Show, Sept. 1-4. All of the show stock, furnished by Lyons Brothers of Petrolia, had arrived. These will be used In the cutting horse, roping and other e\ ents at both the Palmino and Quarter horse shows, at the Sheriff Posse s show. The Army had set up a $300,000 military exhibition in one of the main exhibit buildings. This was convoyed in Wednesday. The Bill Hames shows, which came in by train Tuesday, were 19th By NOLAND NORGAARD (See Page 9 for story on 36th Division in Southern France) ROME, Aug. 31.—(AP)—Remnants of the German Army raced desperately north toward Lyon today, fighting costly rearguard actions with the pursuing Americans only when necessary, while other Seventh Army units moved the French Riviera metropolis of Nice toward the Italian frontier, some 12 miles ahead. Nice, with a population of 200,000 and the largest of the Riviera's famed playgrounds, was taken without any opposition. Damage was confined chiefly to the harbor area, Allied headquarters said. The total of prisoners captured by the Seventh Army since it swarmed ashore on the beaches of Southern France passed the 50.000 mark, with additional thousands rounded up from Nazi units intercepted and cut to pieces in the Rhone valley pockets south of the junction of the Rhone and Drome rivers. Equally impressive were the material losses of the enemy. In a pocket of slightly more than ll miles south of Livron losses inflicted by our ground forces Included 2,000 motor vehicles, 1,000 LONDON, Aug. 31. f (ZP)—The French forces of the interior announced today the capture of Bordeaux, last great port in southern France held by the Germans. The FFI previously had declared the city occupied, but later said the announcement was premature. horses. 27 five millimeter anti-tank guns, 12 seventy-seven millimeter guns. three batteries of field artillery pieces, six railroad guns, 40 twenty millimeter antiaircraft weapons, eight self-propelled guns and a trailer with a printing press,” Lt. Gen. Alexander M. ratch s headquarters said. Additional hundreds of vehicles and guns knocked out by Allied planes littered the roads throughout the valley and 200 enemy dead were found in the same area.    ...    ... Yesterday morning the Germans locked in sharp battle ■™th an American column in the vicinity of Li ron on the north banks of the Drome river, ll miles south of Valence- tn the a-ternoon the enemy broke off contact and fled north when the avenue of    *'as    J11"" " SrJI'ToWn'SeCrU’S St ^SSS AmeT^rn ^punched mu, Cha**.. * miles when through the sout?    1    flcceptingU'heavy losses of the last several days a substantial portion of the enemy personnel has succeeded in reaching the Lyon a ira, an official headquarters statement conceded. “On Aug. 30 from the vicinity of Livron to Lyon the Germans are fighting where they are forced to, and are delaying and blocking at a heavy cost in men and equipment.'’    . Farther north in the Alps of the Franco-Italian frontier south of Switzerland “enemy forces have been showing signs of nervines* and have been moving out of frontier passes, particularly ‘J** and Mt. Genevre passes, to try to contact our forward elements. said an official report. Swift French assault forces punching up the west side.of the Rhone rearguards in the vicinity ofBourg-Nt. Andeol 14 miles north of Bagnols, their farthest point of advance the preceding day. The Germans lucky enough to escape to Lyon had a long, hard road ahead to the safety of the German frontier.    rairfpH re- In the near Lyon small fleeing enemy columns have been raided re ------,    . .J Heatedly by French patriots. Nazi losses from these ambushes have beer, That means two days of rehearsals P« raordlnarilv high. reports reaching Rome said, for the band before the Supper exiraoramaruy    warplanes were taking a steadily mounting Club’s big opening on Saturday    Germans who escaped to that communications renter, rad WM evening at 8:30.    were trying desperately to muster transportation for a continued flight. open at I p. rn. Friday. There have been fairs when the carnival was a day late in arriving, and when every where on every hand there was a flurry to be ready the crowds started gates. Many of the fine Herefords which‘ will star in the Hereford show, Friday, Saturday, Sunday, and Monday already were bedded down this morning. A representative of Eddie Oliver’s band, which has the Sept. 2-9 booking for Supper Club dancing and entertainment, called from Norman, Okla.. that the band would arrive here this afternoon. WASHINGTON, Aug 31.—(&) Allied armies in northern France have inflicted more than 400.000 casualties on the Nazis since D-Day, | General Eisenhower reported today, including the destruction of 25 enemy divisions and the severe mauling of 18 additional divisions. In a report on operations in northern France from the landings on the beaches up to August 15, Eisenhower, supreme commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force, reported that the German Seventh army and the newly formed Fifth Panzer army have been “decisively defeated, dragging down with them the bulk of the fighting strength of the enemy’s first and 15th armies. “The equivalent of five panzer divisions have been destroyed and a further six severely mauled, including one panzer grenadier division.’’ said the report submitter by Eisenhower to the War department. The equivalent of 20 infantry divisions have cen eliminated, he said. and a further 12 very badly cut up and have suffered severe losses. Including in this total ot infantry divisions are three of the enemy s crack parachute divisions. In addition, one parachute division and two infantry divisions have no hope of escape from the fortress ports cf the Brittany peninsula in which they are marooned. One infantry division is isolated in h channel islands. "Total enemy casualties amount to over 400.000 killed, wounded and prisoners of war, of which over 200,000 are prisoners of war, Eisenhower reported. “Of these prisoners. 135,000 have been captured ainee July 25. The total continues to mount. “One thousand three hundred enemy tanks and over 20,0'0 motor transports have been captured or destroyed. “About 500 assault guns and 1,500 field and heavier artillery guns have been captured or de-troved. In addition the enemy has suffered very heavy losses in coast artillery equipment. “Three field marshals and one army commander have either been dismissed in incapacitated >y wounds. One army commander, three corps commanders, 15 divisional commanders and one fortress commander have been either killed or captured. “In the air, the Luftwaffe has taken a fearful beating. Since June 6, < D-Day) 2,378 German aircraft have been destroyed in the air and 1,167 on the ground. In addition, 270 aircraft were probably destroyed See NAZI LOSSES, Pg- ll, Col. 6 By JAMES M. LONG SUPREME HEADQUARTERS Allied Expeditionary Force, Aug. 31.—(AP)—British tanks captured Amiens and smashed across the Somme river today in a lightning 60-mile drive in IS hours that found the Germans in full flight hack to the Reich before four onrushing Allied armies. The British raced with American column! which overran Laon and stabbed on north along the last 30 miles to Belgium with such bewildering speed that they overwhelmed three trainloads of German soldiers trying to escape. The speed of the advance, virtually uncontested along a 150-nille arc at the Somme and approaching the Meuse river, indicated that the Germans had given up the last pretense of a rearguard stand and were in open flight through Belgium back to the imperiled homeland. The Somme itself had been considered a natural barrier along which the enemy might try’ to fashion some sort of a stand, but the capture of the city of Amiens, which straddles the river, blasted this possibility. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower declared that now the allied campaign to liberate northern France was at least five day* ahead of schedule, and it copes: eu -thill the Germans wrjy, not tr>lng to sidetrack It. With the Canadians mopping up the big river port of Rouen, 25 miles Inland from Dieppe, and the Bluish 25 miles inland from Abbeville gateway city of Sedan, where the Germans won the battle of France in 1940 by skirting the Maginot line. Verdun. 40 miles north of bt. Dizier. along *rtth Met* and Nancy w ere strong-points of the French defense line. There have been reports the Germans were able to reverse guns Ic point west, but many observers doubt that any real reversal has been attempted. This would take years, and the Germans have had a few scant weeks since it dawned upon them that Allied armies wert loose and headed for their own borders. Equally, there is no Indication that lisenuower intends a headon attack through the Maginot and Siegfried lines. Spearheads are aimed instead at the Ardennes forest, skirting the north end of the Maginot and leading into    Germany where the German chain of forts probably is thinn-' t. I ie |W*sh bridge gad ? ’os? the Somme last nu tm ai barrier on this front before Belgium—was established in strength. The dashing British were hallway from the shattered Seine lint at Amiens, half the German robot! to Belgium and at Amiens they wen where the “black day” defeat of th* German army in 1918 brought Lu-dendorff to ask for peace. The Germans were pulling oui along a whole 120-mile arc in a top speed withdrawal which suggestec final abandonment of northern France, the buzzbomb coast ant all, for the defense of the menaced homeland. The Canadians not only smashed into Rouen but drove nine miles north to within 22 miles of Diepp* where some rf them tested the Allied pattern for invasion two yean ago. Farther down the Seine. Belgians won a new bridgehead at QU-illebeuf, 18 miles inland from L« Havre. bomb coast and any forces garrisoning it seemed doomed. There was no rest anywhere for the disorganized Germans, and allied drives mushroomed over battlefields of the first World War, covering In an hour territory that it once took days and weeks to conquer. One force of Americans, heading east for the German frontier seized St. Dizier, 18 miles southeast of fallen Vitry and pressed on to within 40 mites of the reversed Maginot line. The Saar border of Germany was 87 miles ahead of this force. Forty-five miles ahead of the American drive wax the Rood to Berlin By The Associated Presa 1—Russian from 322 miles (from eastern suburbs of V’arsaw > 2—Northern France 450 miles (from St. Dizzier). 3—Southern France — 545 miles (from near Annemasse ) 4—Itallai front—590 miles (from Pe.saro). , i j.iiverv u-iU hp I including a corps commander, Gen. No rural    Heil 'and a divisional commander, Monday, Labor Da>, but me    weitzner post office will beopr^'    p    German    losses    in Hie unsuccess- O. A. Hale JUMJounced this morn ^ defense of ploesti were declared Delivery will :>p ma    .    ‘    “tremendous.” the holiday comes on Monday.    Qen    peodor    L    Tolbukhin    s Third The office will close at ^°n!Army moved rapidly upon the Bulgarian border from positions south of the Danube through Dobruja. His right arm reached down the Danube valley through Walachia in thrusts which promised to link up with Marshall Tito's forces in Serbia. T»«rsaay lur Abilene day at the ■wilt Texas state fain_ _ The Weather • department of commerce WEATHER Bt'REAt ABILENE and VICINITY Fair this afternoon! tonight and Fiiday. FAST TEXAS- Cloudy near the coast, fair in the interior this afternoon and t0WEST *TEXAS—Fair this afternoon, tonieht^nd tF/^dpaevr-ature last 24 hours. a-™ rrr*nir THFgp MAZIK OUT OF WAR—Swarms of Germans in a 45th Division P. O. persuaded them to surrender. (NEA Telephoto). Four Years Ago Bv The Associated Press AUG. 31. 1940.—Vichy government reports rebellion in French Indochina, and French West Africa following action of French Equatorial Africa in joining British cau»e RAF night bombers hit Hamburg. Hamm, Bremen and Emden; Germans bomb Thames docks. At \micns the British were 62 miles from Belgium and >3 miles east of Dieppe, scene of the commando raid of 1**47. British and Belgians crossed near the mouth of the Seine from 18 to 25 miles east of the doomed Atlantic port of Le Havre, and ( anad-lans flushed the last snipers from historic Rouen, whose river docks make it an immense military prize. Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges’ American First army, shifted eastward .several days ago, drove two and one-half miles northeast of captured Laor in a swift dash toward the Belgian frontier. At Laon his troops caught three trainloads of German soldiers about to pull out of the station and killed and captured them all. The U. S. Third Army front to the southeast captured St. Dizier. Ie miles east of Vitry in the deepest bulge toward Germany. From Paris to the sea American, British and Canadian bridgeheads over the Seine were blended into a single attack which rut the inland road from Dieppe and stabbed 65 miles north of Hie Seine to Armens on the Somme.    ,    4    ...    .    . The British and Canadians were veering directly toward the rocket bomb roast of France. Canadian infantry pushed into historic Rouen where cleanup fighting was in progress. Despite German reports that Rouen had been evacuated enougii snipers remained to demand considerable mopping up before its capture could be claimed. North to the sea Canadian I- irst army troops swept up the in advances that pushed all but a small pocket of Germans across the In *an eight-mile flanking sweep northeast of Rouen the Canadians plunged within 30 miles of a two-year-delayed vengeance for the Dieppe The British who drove into Amiens were cutting down the buzzbomb belt with every mile of their advance. They were barely -5 from Abbeville, where a German salient to the sea in 1J40 spat British-French front and cleared the way for Dunkerque. rn LINEUP AND ROUTE OF WES (TEXAS FAIR PARADE nm Minimum temperature last 12 hours 62. Complete lineup for the West Texas Fair parade Friday afternoon at 5 o’clock and the assembly locations for the various sections were announced this morning from the Fair offices. There are three main divisions: the War Bond and War Chest section, the Army Section SUPREME HEADQUARTERS    and the Pioneer section. Allied Expeditionary Force, Aug. 31. i SECTION I ——Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower    Section one will form Bradley, Monty on Equal Basis-lke 6' vumf in three temperatu res announced today that Lt. Gen. j units, as follows: Thu-Wed TueAyed    Omar N. Bradley has become over- 1    on Chestnut,    between South or)    all commander of American forces    Fourth and    South    Fifth.    State pa- 67    in northern France, a position equal |    trol, Legion    colors, city    officials, 71    with that of Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery, who commands British forces in the field. In making the announcement, Eisenhower described Montgomery as not only his close and warm friend but one of the greatest soldiers of this or any other war. A M Hour P M 61    7T— I— 77    65 62 7a— 2— 76 61    73— 3—- 76 60    74— 4— 81 60    74— 5— 79 60    73— 6— 78 57    73— 7— 77 (ii 65— 8— 75 65    63— 9— 74 70    63—10—    73 75    63—11—    72 78 63—12— 73 thi* morning .............. tonight .....................8    05 76 77    : 76 76 71 68 68 66 64 Hardin*Simmon.s University Horses and Flags, the Army Service Forces Training Center band. On South Fifth, facing west; Texas Defense Guard, Bond Truck, Two Red Cross jeeps, Red Cross Ambulance, Tuberculosis Association truck, Palomino horses. On South Fifth, facing East: Two Red Cross Jeeps, Red Cross Ambulance, War Chest Truck. Lions club, Taylor County Health Unit. Paper Drive truck, Rotary club, West Texas Utilities company hack Junior Chamber of Commerce, Carpenters Union, Kiwanis Club, Boy Scouts. SECTION 2 Section two will be headed off by j the negro band from ASFTC, Camp Barkeley, and Army equipment, including tanks, various combat vehicles and weapons and two platoons of military police will follow. These assemble on Chestnut, between South Fifth and South Sixth. To complete this section there will be the high school Bally band, the high school pep squad, and the Taylor County Sheriff’s Posse, assembling on South Sixth, facing east. SECTION 3 The Pioneer Section, which has scores of entries, will assemble on Chestnut south of South Seventh,' facing north. This will De led by Mrs. G. F. Rhodes. Pioneer .section chairman, who will ride in an old - 1 time buggy, and by a stage coach sent here from the Texas Cow’boy Reunion in Stamford. Three Abilene girls, in colorful early-day costumes, and their escorts will ride in the stagecoach, j Marianna Holly will be dressed as the dance hall queen, and Betty I McFarling and Joan Hughes have j equally typical costumes of frontier days. Their escorts also will be in 1 early-day .dress. As for that matter, so will most cf the folk riding in the array of buggies, wagons, hacks, surreys, etc., that will make up the pioneer section. Judges, whose names are not revealed, will be stationed on Fine street. The three best en- St Quentin Memiev* kGf \ • LAON    p tries in the Pioneer section will draw prizes of $25, $15 and $10 first, second and third. After all of the pioneer vehicles have fallen into the parade behind the stage coach, there will be the final unit —horseback riders of every type, assembling on South Eighth street, facing cast. Marshals of Section I are ( hief of Police Virgil Waldrop and Will Watson. Marshals for section 3 will he .herifi W T. McQuary, Tom McWhirter and Elam ilius. The final unit of horseback riders will be led by Drew Higginbotham. Will Watson, general parade marshal. requested all entries to take special note of the assembly locations—and to be on hand early enough for the parade to move out at 5 p. rn. on the dot. CompiegnWsOlSSONS f BEAUVAIS j k* »REIMS *Ef*fnoy V X « • S«do.> \ Verdun# Chalon* *«r-_ Marne Bor lf Dv< NEARER GERMANY—While Americans reached St. Dizier, 87 miles from the German frontier, the British Second army captured Amiens to the north, imperiling half the rocket coast along the English channel. At Laon Americans caught three trainloads of Germans about to pull outlf . J captured all. The Canadians entered Rouen. (AF Wirephoto), ;