Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - August 29, 1944, Abilene, Texas
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VOL. LXIV, NO. 73
A TEXAS NIWSPAP1H
ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 29. 1944 -TWELVE PAGES
AMERICAN TROOPS ENTER PARIS-Americ.r. aniI French Arc D’ Triomphe in Pans, where thousands ol I ansians game rf'orps Radiotelephoto from NEA Telephoto).
rcvFRAT DeGAULLE IN PARIS!!!!—General Charles DeGaulle marches under the Arc
‘How Whitehead .Of AP Scored Paris ’Beat’
~ By HAL BOYLE
RAMBOUILLET. France, Aug. 25 — (Delayed!—(ZP) — This is how one of the war’s outstanding news beats was achieved.
A tiny, dust-covered jeep whirled into the driveway of the hotel #Grand Veneux early this afternoon while scores of war correspondents milled about waiting for word when Allied troops would move into Paris Tall Don White
head, chief of
The Associated Press staff in France, unlimbered his six-feet-one - and-a-half-inches and climbed stiffly out of the jeep. His face was dusty and streak cd with perspiration as he ambled unhurri-Don whitened edly "toward the lf hotel s lounge, which had been con-' verted into a press room.
"Where you been, Don?” asked one correspondent sitting leisurely on a bench.
••Paris," said Whitehead. Immediately he was surrounded ^by a surging crowd of correspondents all excitedly asking questions. Whitehead answered as many as he could in a few seconds and then sat down at his typewriter.
In exactly 45 minutes, he g pounded out a 1,600-word ao-count of the capture of Paris.
It was the first eyewitness story of one of the most dramatic days of the war.
(Whitehead’s story reached the United States through cen-sorship and normal communications channels Friday afternoon and was published prominently by newspapers across the country. It was ahead of any comparable account to reach the United States.)
& It was no accident that White' head came through first.
The 36-year-old Kentuckian has been overseas most of the time since October, 1942. He crossed the Libyan desert with Gen. Sir Bern-
«ard L. Montgomery’s Eiehthy army, covered the Italian campaign from the Salerna beachhead and hit the Normandy beaches with the first * Infantry division on D-Day.
Whitehead got his beat by a com-I bination of forethought, good luck
How to Send Waste Paper to War
Salvage paper from Abilene and the surrounding area is needed in the war effort. This week-end you will have opportunity to add your collection to the national drive for paper, which ranks today ahead of steel, copper and zinc as one of the nation's most critical items.
Here's what to do:
1. Towns outside Abilene, contact The Reporter-News that Army trucks may he dispatched Thursday or f rida>.
2. Have the paper in these towns ready for collection
3. Business firms in Abilene, call the chamber of commerce for paper pick-ups Saturday.
4. Ahilenians, have every scrap of waste paper bundled, securely tied or boxed and on the curbs early Sunday.
5. Help this area meet the 200,000 pound goal set for
this September drive. ______.
Southern Front Goes Past Nimes
Bv GEORGE TUCKER ROME Aug. 29.—(AP)—French troops of the Seventh army, in sweeps well west of the Rhone in southern France, reached Gres and drove through Nimes today, forming a solid southern buffer to help wipe out the battered German l ith Army already cut off by an American surprise thrust to
river far to the north. _____________
Prom Nimes, a city of 93.758 population 14 miles beyond the Rhone, one French column turned southwest along the coast in a drive toward the French-Spanish border.
Other French columns extending west and northwest of Avignon for at least 24 miles to the flees area won control of a triangular region north of which the fleeing Germans are being pressed against the Americans just above Montelimar, some 45 miles from Avignon.
The flying column under the command of Brig. Gen. Frederic Butler which reached the Montelimar area Friday, after inflicting wholesale punishment on at least one force of 15.000 German troops, killing many and possibly knocking out the remainder, continued to spread out through the entire region.
Reports from there said roads were strewn with destroyed German transport and other vehicles.
Abilene Nurse Is Decorated
Soissons Reached, Rocket Bomb Positions Ranked
By JAMES M. LONG SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Au_ 29 (AP) Swiftly advancing American troops captured historic Chateau-Thierry and Soissons today in whirlwind advances which carried them over French soil hallowed by their fathers blood to within 55 miles of Belgium and a scant hundred from the German
Celebes Get More American Bombs
Southwest Pacific, Aug. 29—(^P>— American bombers hit at Celebes, supporting arch of Japan’s newly-curved southern sea routes, and continued their five-a-day record for shipping hits in aerial strikes announced today by headquarters Eleven Japanese vessels were destroyed or damaged Sunday, in eluding four freighters and three small craft at Manado, noitnern Celebes. The August toll of Japanese shipping in the Southwest Pacific IQI vessels sunk or probably sunk
FIFTH u. S’. AIR FORCE, Southwest Pacific— (Delayed) — i/P) —In the firsjt mass presentation of Air medals to American Army nurses in the Southwest Pacific theater of war, Brig. Gen. Warren R. Carter, chief of the Troop Carrier command, recently decorated 16 of the brave women who have evacuated by air more than 45,000 sick and wounded fighting men from combat zones.
Those who received air medals were the first members of the Troop Carrier Command Air Evacuation unit to service in this sector. They are attached to Maj. Gen. Ennis C. Whitehead's First Air force.
The nurses of the unit have flown to every fighting area about New
Fighting on ground where the men of 1918 routed the Germans in the second battle of the Marne, the GIS of 1944 swept through Chateau-Thierry and raced northward 25 miles into Soissons in a thrust which was rapidly flanking the whole Pas de Calais department where the Germans launch their robot bombs. A new and more deadly trap might be forming around the remnants of the German Seventh army, broken in Normally, and the 15th at my, In Pas de Calais.
At Soissons, where the old First and Second divisions helped their allies win one of the closing battles of the last war, the Americans were 55 miles northeast of Paris.
Parallel columns driving north reached the Fismes area 16 miles east of Soissons and reached the upper Marne at two places between Chalons and Vitry.
Troops weie less than 50 miles from Verdun where a vounger Marshal pistance congealed in the slogan: "They shall not pass."
The Americans ani British bridgeheads on the Seine northwest of Paris were welded into a solid front of 25 to 30 mil^s when the troops which crossed at Mantes and Vernon Joined hands. The MSftuJf front pushed ll miles north of the Seine almost to the Rouen-Paris highway.
Canadians advanced within siRht of Rouen, where Joan of Arc was tried and burned. The nearest Canucks were four and a half miles
North and Central Pacific raiders bombed Japanese strongpoints from Onnekotan in the northern Kuriles to Nauru, south of the Marshalls.
Installations and shipping were hit . ^ Amerlcan trlumph8 at Cha
in .separate »rmy-nav>. b'OW*^ teau-Tluorrv and Soissons cracked several^weHo^ago “ ” I German* Aisne-Bomme line and
moved the allies within 15 miles of the cathedral of Reims, 15th largest city in France.
The swift drive north was one of the most brilliant gains of a single day in the whole Incredible battle record of Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's high speed Third army.
All along a ballooning front east of Paris, the Americans made advances during the day of 15 to 25 miles. They were within 65 miles of Sedan on the famous Ardennes road of invasion, the same route the Germans used to enter trance in 1940. The Aisne-Somnie line is the last great water barrier before Germany Itself, save for the Albert canal In Belgium.
The British advanced eight miles north of the Seine near Louviers, the newest bridgehead. Tile Canadians moved closest to Rouen at their river crossing at Pont de L’Arche.
British Second army headquarters disclosed that allied troops killed or captured 122.000 Germans in virtually dissolving the survivors of Marshal Von Kluge's Seventh army.
In the Fismes area, the Americans were but a little more than 50 miles from Lorraine, which the Naxis Incorporated into the Reich after France fell. 1
Paris was cleared of its last German resistance. Major Gen. Leon* ard T. Gerow’s American Fifth corps seized the great LeBourget airfield where Lindbergh ended his transatlantic solo flight, and cleaned out the Montmorencv suburb. He drove the surviving Germans far bevond the French capital.
The Seine bridgeneads which point into robot bomb row were
swelling to bursting points.
(A German broadcast said the American advance had carried into the streets of Chalons.)
Bv JAMES M. LONG
SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE Aug. 29—(VP—American armor, racing toward the Ardennes invasion route to Germany and flanking the Nazis’ rocket bomb coast positions, surged acrora the Marne river at two places today, pushing to th® outskirts of Chateau-Thierry and closing the German escape gap across northern France to 76 miles, One spearhead plunged 16 miles northeast of Meaux to Cu-vergnon. These U, S. Third army units were within IO miles of the forest of Complegne where the first World War armistice was signed and where Adolf Hitler forced his terms on France in 1940. The strategic Aisne river was 16 miles north of this American force.
The second breaching of the Marne occurred IO miles east of Meaux. Crossing on bridges captured at La Ferte-Sous-Jouarre, that force continued driving upstream and its advance elements were reported to have reached Chateau-Thierry, 13 miles away, where American troops won a historic victory on June 21. 1916. The whole 85-mtle Third army as* sault arc east of Paris was swing*
See FRANCE, Pg. ll. Col. 6
EISENHOWER CONFERS IN PARIS—General Dwight Eisenhower, supreme AEF commander, registers pleasure and surprise at news which reached him in Paris where he conferred with French leaders. (Signal Corps Radiotelephoto from NEA Telephoto).
his story and a small reconnaissance plane to fly it back. His driver was Sgt. Adrian Pinsince of Evanston, III., a college-trained specialist wrho speaks French like a native.
"He is the best scrounger I ever met in the Army,” said Whitehead. "Wherever we stopped, as soon as Adrian started talking the French people made us welcome and we had some of the best meals I ever ate in my life.”
Most of the correspondents joined the column trying to reach Paris from the west. Whitehead took another route, went through the small village of Bures Stir Yvettes, southwest of Paris, and encountered a French armored column turning east at Limours toward the Grand national highway leading into Paris.
“I was tipped by a Frenchman that this was Brig Gen. Jacques LeClerc’s column and knew then that it was a real thrust in force. That was at 2:30 p. rn.," he said.
“We moved up into the column and at St. Germain turned north toward Paris. We were stopped at Lonjumeau by German shelling.”
They stayed overnight in a French farm house, but were up at daybreak. The column was held up again by mines and anti-tank defenses at Port D’Orleans.
Then, as the defenders broke and the column started into Paris, a
linMIll)I ________ ________ French captain stepped up and said
ittnd drive. He arranged several days that by the order of Generals De ago for the loan of a Jeep to get! Gauiie and LeClerc no one except
the combat force could enter the capital without written permission. An American colonel said that only the American general commanding the entire operation could issue an order bar-r I n g non - combatants and Whitehead decided ‘that gave us a clear right to enter. “I took the wheel and drove back to where the captain stopped me. He gave me the same story. But I just stepped on the gas and drove on in with the column In the fog. We passed the gates of Paris at 9:57 a. rn.” Hysterical Parisians jammed the streets until hardly a lane was left for the armor to pass through.
"There has been nothing to compare with that welcome,” declared Whitehead, who has gone into a score or more of liberated cities with the first troops. "I never saw anything like it—particularly those two-cheek French kisses.” Whitehead stayed an hour in the
Russians Advance in Romania and Hungary
MOSCOW EXPECTS INVASION OF BUCHAREST TOMORROW
Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia Hit
ROME, Aug. 29—(UP)—An est!* mated 750 heavy U. S. Italy-based bombers hit objectives in Czechoslovakian Silesia and Yugoslavia today.
LONDON, Aug. 29—(^—American fighters raced at tree-top level over France and the low countries and into Germany today for th® third straight day, bombing and strafing transport targets and airfields in a ceaseless effort to bring enemy movement between the west front and the German frontier to % dead halt.
Knifing through a low ceiling; American and British fighter bombers based in France swept German strongpoints ahead of the advancing Americans and British troops.
LT. OLA M. HOLLOWELL
Guinea. Only one soldier of the thousands taken out died while in flight.
Nurses decorated included Ola
M. Hollow cli, (1117 Ambler St.),
• - *
Lieutenant Hollowell, daughter of
city taking notes part of the time i Mr. and Mrs. L. H Hollowell, 1117
behind a tank under sniper fire then started back.
"We passed one open stretch where there were no troops of any kind, and the snipers opened up on us from both sides of the street,” Whitehead recalled. He and the driver leaped out of the jeep and stretched out by the curb, sheltered by a small wooden building.
"After 15 minutes there I decided it would be no more dangerous to drive on than to lie there exposed in the street. So we got back into thje jeep and tore out.”
Ambler, was graduated from the Hendrick Memorial hospital school oi nursing in 1939. She worked in hospitals in Breckenridge and Va-lasco and did special duty in Abilene before entering the Army in January. 1943.
She trained at the Army Air Forces school of air evacuation at Bowman field, Louisville, Ky. Two brothers in service are Sgt. Jean Hollowell, veteran of Mediterranean action who was wounded in Italy, and Virgil Hollowell, Navy motor mechanic.
Conferees on Security Talk
WASHINGTON, Aug. 29—(ZP) The Dumbarton Oaks conferees announced today “general agreement” on the form of an international security organization, including a council composed of big powers plus a number of smaller nations.
The conferees declined to amplify the announcement made or to say specifically In a joint statement what authority should be given to
WASHINGTON, Aug. 29. (A*)— Secretary of State Hull said today that he and John Foster Dulles, the Republican policy advisor, had agreed that the problem of establishing an international peace and security organization "must be kept out of politics.”
the small powers on the council in relation to the big nations.
The joint statement said: “After a week of discussions, the three heads of deiegations are happy to announce that there is general agreement among them to recommend that the proposed international organization for peace and security should provide for:
“I. An assembly composed of representatives of all peace-loving nations based on the principal of sovereign equality.
“2. A council composed of a smaller number of members in which the principal states will be joined by a number of other states to be elected periodically.
“3. Effective means for the peaceful settlements of disputes, including an international court of justice for the adjudication of justiciable questions, and also the applications of such other means as may be necessary for maintainence of peace and security.
Bv EDDY GILMORE MOSCOW, Auk! 29.-(AP)-Swift Russian drive* through Romania approached the great oil center of PWs
and Bucharest today as one army * 7Sin™'dc
stretch on the Danube and another knifed la miles inside
Hungarian and German troops were reported massing in Transyl
vania, the 16,642 .square mile section of Romania which Hitler gave to Hungary in 1940. The sudden Russian push through passes in the Carpathians gave the Red army the good base town of Bretscu on a railroad and highway.
(The German communique said the Russians had captured Buzau, 40 miles northeast of Ploosti and 60 miles west of Braila, the large Danube port which the Russians captured last night.)
The entire Danube delta was in Russian hands and troops which crossed the Danube on a wide front were racing for the Black sea port of Constanta and the roads leading to Bucharest from the east and northeast.
The Russians captured a large Flotilla on the Danube and each hour, new ship were arriving on the Danube and Black sea coast behind Russian lines, flying the Red flag.
Already the Ploestl oil field derricks, north of the city, were in sight of Russian troops. Cossacks tanks and motorized infantry on the plains before the Romania capital ranged close to the city of 650,000 feeling out German resistance.
Other Russians deep in capitulated Romania edged within 45 miles of Brasoz, 12th city of the kingdom with 62,000 people, and seriously menaced any change the Germans might have for a stand.
The Red army was moving forward on a200-mile front from positions inside Transylvania west of the main Carpathian
ridge to the Black Sea between raptured Sulina and Constanta. Red Star reported the surrender of Makhai Boiko, commander of the 14th Romanian division, and said “of course Bioko’s division is not yet In a state for fighting, but the general expressed his wish to reform the division and fight against the Germans.” The commander was quoted as saying he deserted Gen Count Von Chulsen when the German demanded gasoline, ammunition' and food for his hard-pressed corps. Correspondents told stories of fighting between Romanians and Germans, quoting cap rives of both nations.
British 3 Miles From Gothic Line
ROME, Aug. 29. (ZP)—Forw ard elements of the Eighth army, advancing along the entire eastern half of the Italian front, have pushed at one point to within three miles of the formidable concrete and steel fortifications of the Nazis’ Gothic line, allied headquarters disclosed today.
A communique announced infan* try and tanks had surged forward throughout the sector, with Polish forces on the coast occupying th® town of Fang and establishing * line on the southern bank of th® Arzilla river. Further inland othei units punched across that stream,
v s. DEPARTMENT Ot COMMERCE WEATHER Bl REAL ABILENE AND VICINITY — MosUy cloudy and occasional rain this afternoon and tonight Wednesday cooler and partly cloudy with scattered thundershowers.
EAST TEXAS —Mostly cloudy, occa-«i«nal rains north portion and scattered ronoatpd I showers south portion this afternoon and j ^ tonight Wednesday partly cloudy, scat* tered thundershowers in north portion, cooler northwest portion*.
WEST TEXAS- Mostly cloudy occasional rain east of Pecos river and Del .I _ ..hUinilnH Ro- Rio Eagle Pass area this afternoon and Prisoners in the wninwina rt tonight and thundershowers in Panhan-
manian campaign now in its second week approached 275,000 with the 11,000 caged yesterday.
The way was wide open to Bucharest. Mocow speculated that Soviet forces could reach the capital bv tomorrow. Latest reports placed tank-led spearheads less, than 50 miles away.
In the north the Red arms captured 50 towns and villages south of the East Prussian border in an apparently significant break into German positions before the Masurian lakes.
Establishment of new bridgehead across the Vistula river only 30 miles south of Warsaw at Warka was reported by Daniel de Luce, Associated Press correspondent, in a dispatch from Lublin. Poland. De Luce said both Russian and Polish troops took part.
die tonight: Wednesday partly cloudy, thundershowers Panhandle South Plains, and easjt of Pecos river, cooleg Panhandle and South Plains
Maximum temperature last 24 hours, 71.
Minimum temperature !ast 12 hours,
Precipitation 24 hours ending 7.30 ^ rn Tuesday. 47 inch.
Total precipitation since first of year, 1605 inches Total precipitation thia period las® year, 13 07 inches Normal precipitation this period. 17 IS inches.
Tue-Mon Mon-Su® A M Hour P M 68 67— 1— 67 73
66 66— 2— 60 76 66 66— 3— 71 a® 66 66— 4— 70 80
68 65— 5— 70 7«
89 64— 6 70 73
69 64— 7— 69 73
70 62— 8— 69 6®
73 62— 9— 68 61
74 64—IO— 67 6®
77 65-11— 67 6®
78 6®—12— 68 66
Sunrise this morning ............ 7 IT
Sunset tonight ......................8