Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - August 28, 1954, Abilene, Texas
HOT€bt &WIme porter-Jîetotë MORNING'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES Byron
VOL. LXXIV, NO. 74
Associated Press (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 28, 1954—SIXTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c
A-HUFF1N’ AND A-PUFFIN’ — Mrs. D. R. Richardson, 581 EN 23rd St., active Taylor County polio worker, didn’t blow up all those balloons herself. She had help from other Jaycee-ettes, who will sell the balloons all day Saturday to boost polio funds. Booths are to be set up on six downtown corners. (Staff Photo by Don Hutcheson.)
French Ask EDC Delay
PARIS, Aug. 27 JV—A group of staunch supporters of EDC tonight waged a behind the scenes battle to save the European army from what they consider almost certain death in the French National Assembly.
They were striving to force a short postponement in the long delayed debate to permit further negotiations for changes ir the European Defense Community treaty.
To Meet Today
After a four-hour Cabinet meeting this afternoon, Premier Pierre Mendes-France told reporters the discussion w'ould start tomorrow as scheduled. But highly placed informants later disclosed the government might be willing to accept a delay.
The fact that Mendes-France had kept his Cabinet from disintegrating was taken as a favorable sign that some sort of compromise might be in the works.
Mendes-France is plagued by the game divisions within his govern-
Betrayal Alleged To Unseal Vargas As Brazil's Head
RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil, Aug. 27 UP—President Joao Cafe Filho squared up today to a nfcw, military - political crisis, stemming from the deep-seated disturbances that led to the ouster and suicide of Getulio Vargas, his predecessor.
Highlighting the situation was a bitter statement from Gen. Zeno-bio da Costa, war minister in the Vargas regime, accusing the generals now backing Cafe of having bioken their promises to keep backing Vargas. A sharp schism in the armed forces appeared to be continuing.
Politically, Cafe’s efforts to form an all-party government met setbacks as he sought to find a temporary congressional base for his administration. He must attempt to placate political and military factions striving for power in the vacuum left by the death at 71 of the iron man who had ruled Brazil through most of the last quarter century.
Also confronting the three-day* old government was the possibility of a general strike.
Da Costa’s attack on the military men supporting Cafe said he had been prepared to lead part of the army against other factions of the army, navy and air force to fulfill pledges made to Vargas to uphold the constitution. He made his charge of betrayal in a statement aubmitted to the new miniser of war, Gen. Henrique Baptista Teix* eira.
ment that has prevented his predecessors from bringing the treaty before the National Assembly.
Threatened to Resign In previous government«, it was always the anti - EDC element w'hich threatened to resign whenever a move was made to start ratification. Now the pro-EDC groups are bringing the pressure on the Premier. Severe pressure has been put on about six ministers to resign in protest against Mendes-France’s hands-off policy toward EDC.
Former Premiers Rene Mayer, Paul Reynaud and Robert Schuman are among the group maneuvering for more time and modifications in the treaty to woo supporters.
After two days of rushing lrom one meeting to another, they drew up a resolution this afternoon calling for new negotiations before Sept. 15 and adjournment of the debate until talks with the other five EDC partners are concluded.
Changes Milder The changes which are outlined in the resolution are much milder in tone and substance than those presented — and rejected — at the Brussels conference. Faced with a new negotiation and a new possibility for saving EDC, the other five nations—Germany, Italy, Belgium, Holland and Luxembourg— might feel they could accept the changes outlined in this resolution.
The objections which the other five nations made to Mondes-France’s proposals were:
They watered down the supranational characteristics of the treaty; they discriminated against Germany; many would require reratification by the national parliaments of the countries which had already ratified.
Gore Asks Ike for Copy Of Contract
WASHINGTON, Aug. 27 iifs-Sen. Gore (D-Tenn) called on President Eisenhower and other administration officials today to furnish him a copy of the proposed controversial contract for a 107-million-dollar private power plant in the Tennessee Valley area.
He said the Atomic Energy Commission had rejected his request for a copy of the document, although he said it “deals with a matter involving public business.”
The Eisenhower administration is pushing a plan under which a private power group known as the Dixon-Yates syndicate would build the power plant at West Memphis, Ark. The AEC would buy the power and turn it over to the Tennessee Valley Authority which would transit it to customers in the Memphis, Tenn., area. The power would replace electricity which the TVA furnishes to AEC installations at Paducah, Ky.
The Eisenhower administration contends the contract would be in the spirit of American free enterprise. Gore and other backers of TVA public power projects contend it is a blow aimed at TVA.
Democratic National Chairman Stephen Mitchell recently charged the President had backed a contract for a syndicate in which a close friend, golfer Bobby Jones, has an interest. Eisenhower replied last Saturday by making public a mass of documents bearing on the negotiations. These showed, administration official said, that Eisenhower didn’t know until the negotiations were well along who were the private power men involved. Jones is a director of one of the utilities which would take part in the contract.
Gore, in a telegram to Eisenhower made public today, said:
“On Aug. 17, you advised representatives of the press that the complete record with reference to the Dixon-Yates proposal up to that date would be released by the Atomic Energy Commission and the Bureau of the Budget. A draft of the proposed contract dated Aug. 11 has been submitted to the Joint (Senate-House) committee on Atomic Energy. Thus far I have been unable to secure a copy of this contract. I would be grateful for your assistance.”
xpected for Voting
SEEKS CONTROL—Louis Wolf-son, one-time Florida junk dealer, appears at a New York press conference at which he said he would seek to gain control of Montgomery Ward and Co., the billion dollar-a-year mail order firm. He said he will challenge the leadership of Sewell Avery, 80, board chairman. Wolfson, 42, heads companies with 200 million dollars in assets.
Light Showers Hit Coast; Heal Stays
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Light showers sprinkled the Coast Friday, but in most of Texas hot dry weather continued.
Beaumont got .02 inch, Galveston had .06, Victoria .16, Houston a shower and Presidio, in West Texas, .26 inch.
Temperatures railged from 86 at Marfa to 102 at Wichita Falls.
Adlai Sees Demo Victory
SIOUX CITY, Iowa. Aug. 27 UB-Democrats will sweep both houses of Congress in next fall’s election, Adlai Stevenson, the party’s 1952 presidential candidate, predicted here today.
Stevenson, who arrived here aboard a Braniff Airlines plane for a $100-a-plate luncheon of Iowa Democratic leaders, said in a brief interview preceding the luncheon that the political outlook for the coming year was “more Democrats.”
“The Democrats will seize control of Congress this fall, sweeping both House and Senate,” he declared.
The money from the luncheon here will go to support the Iowa and National Democratic campaigns, Iowa Democratic leaders said.
Stevenson is enroute to Sioux Falls, S.D.. where he will be the main speaker at a Democratic Midwestern farm conference tomorrow at wljich the party leaders pian to launch a broad attack on newly-passed farm legislation.
Democratic Split Sparks Turnout
By ROBERT H. JOHNSON, JR.
Associated Press Staff
Democrats who went for President Eisenhower in 1952 will choose Saturday between the governor who led them and the challenger who says they were misled by a political turncoat.
The split between conservatives and liberals is the basic issue in the race between Gov. Allan Shivers and Atty. Ralph Yarborough of Austin,
’ Both Shivers, the conservative, and Yarborough, the
liberal, raised many other
fj 8. DEtAKTHBHT OF COMMEKC* W EATHKK »U*EAt „
ABILENE AND VICINITY Generally fair and continued hot Saturday and Sunday. High temperature both day» 100. The Tow Saturday night wUl b* 77.
NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Clear to partly cloudy through Sunday with few thundershower*. Not much change is
WEST TEXAS: Clear to partly cloudy through Sunday. Few thunderahower«. Not much change tn temperature.
EAST AND SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Partly cloudy through Sunday. Few thunderahower* near coast and U interior. Not much change In temperature.
TEMPER ATI HE AM. rQ*-
82 ............ 1:30 .......... *3
80 2:30 ............ »7
79 3:30 ............ »7
70 4:30 ............ »7
76 ............ 5:30 ............ 76
76 6:30 ............ 66
BO ............ 7:30 ............ *3
63 »:30 ............ «0
89 6:30 ............ ««
93 11:30 ............
94 12:30 ............
High and low temperature* for 34 hour*
ended at 6 30 p.m.: »9 and 75.
High and low temperature* lame data date last year: 91 and 67.
Sunset tut night 7:10 p.m. Sunrise: today 6:12 a.tv. Sunset tonight 7:06 p.m. Barometer reading at 9:30 p.m. 26.16. Relative humidity at 6:30 p.m. 39 per cent
Don't Gamble With Future Of Texas, Shivers Requests
HOUSTON, Aug. 27 tfV-Gov. Allan Shivers ended his campaign for reelection tonight by warning that this is no time to gamble and take an unnecessary risk on Texas’ future.
“Texas is too fine a state to be set back 50 years by an administration which thinks the people of Texas can be bought and bribed by empty promises and political payoffs,” he said in his final appeal made in a state radio broadcast.
A local telecast preceded the brosdcftst *
The broadcast followed a 7-hour swing through industrial precincts of the state’s biggest city—precincts which gave strong first primary support to opponent Ralph Yarborough.
Shivers carried his handshaking tour into drug stores, supermarkets, cafes, department stores and
Runnels, Jones Asked As Disaster Areas
AUSTIN, Aug. 27 Uh—Gov. Shivers today asked Secretary of Agriculture Benson to designate seven more counties drought disaster areas eligible for federal aid.
The counties are Camp, Gregg, Hopkins, Franklin, Jones, Panola and Runnels.
Seventy-five Texas counties have been approved as drought disaster areas.
Father Ward Of Ballinger Church Dies
BALLINGER, Aug. 27 (RNS>— The Rev. Patrick J. Ward, OMI, 57, died earlv Friday morning in Santa Rosa Hospital, San Antonio.
Father Ward served as pastor of St. Mary’s Catholic Church here for 2*2 years.-
He suffered a heart attack in Ballinger last March, and was taken to St. John’s Hospital, San Angelo, where he was hospitalized for several months.
The pastor was transferred to San Antonio, where he recuperated enough to go to New Orleans three weeks ago. He suffered a seccnd attack in New Orleans and was returned to San Antonio, where he died a few days later.
Born in Knoxville, Tenn., on June 27, 1897, he moved to Beaumont in 1910 and later went to Houston.
He entered St. Anthony College in San Antonio on May 10, 1917. He w'as ordained a priest at De-Mazenod Scholasticate in San Antonio in 1928.
Father Ward celebrated the silver jubilee of his ordination on June 10. 1953, while he was in Ballinger.
Requiem mass will be held at DeMazenod Scholasticate at 9 a m. Monday. Burial will be in Scholasticate grounds.
The Rev. F. X Gagnon. OMI, of Ballinger and the Rev. Robert Vretteau. OMI, pastor of St Joseph’s Catholic Church, Ballinger, are to attend the service.
barber shops in northeast Houston, Jacinto City and Galena Park.
The hundreds of people he met included many labor union members, some wearing Shivers buttons, others openly supporters of Yarborough.
At a Galena Park cafe several CIO steelworkers declined to shake Shivers’ hand. A few of the 3,600 independent metalworkers at Houston’s large Hughes Tool Co. plant kept their hands in their pockets as they walked past the governor, who greeted them at a plant- entrance during a late afternoon shift change, f
After the broadcast Shivers left for his farm home five miles west of Woodville, where he plans to stay until late next week. He mailed his absentee ballot to his home precinct at Port Arthur earlier this week.
During the day Shivers urged supporters to “get out the vote tomorrow.
“If we do that we’ll have a great victory,” he said.
Tonight he said:
“I stand before you on my record—the record you helped make. All that I have done is what you, the people of Texas, wanted rfie to do. Even the opposition knows that.”
Throughout the campaign, he said, the opposition has been unable to make a single big issue
See SHIVERS, P(. 5-A,
Car Kills C-Citian
COLORADO CITY, Aug. 27 (RNS)—William Burt Morgan. 64, of Colorado City, was killed instantly in a highway accident one mile east of Colorado City at 11:06 p.m. Friday.
Morgan was walking down the center of U. S. Highway 80 toward Colorado City and was struck from the rear by a car driven by Charles Phenix. 27. of Colorado City.
Phenix said the man was dressed in a dark suit and he didn’t see him until it was too late to avoid hitting him.
Morgan was seen shortly prior to the accident by W. L. Fouse of Westbrook. Fouse had stopped and was preparing to persuade Morgan to leave the highway at the time of the accident.
issues in their first Democratic primary campaign, which wound up in no decision July 24. They have raised others in the runoff, which ends Saturday.
The winner will he opposed in the general election in November b,r Republican Todd Adams of Houston. But Democratic nomination for the governorship has been equivalent to election in Texas since Deconstruct ion days.
The two candidates spent the final hours of the camnaign in the state’s biggest population centers, Shivers in Houston, No. 1 in size, and Yarborough in Dallas, No. 2.
Experts believe the total vote tomorrow will exceed the 1,348,000 ballots cast in the first primary. They base this on heavier absentee voting, of record size in places.
Shivers beat Yarborough by more than 300.000 votes in the 1952 primary, before the governor i»d the state Democratic party in its open backing ol President Eisenhower.
The governor's lead in the first primary this year was 23,787 vote«. A total of 36.320 votes for two minor candidates, Arlon B. (Cyclone* Davis of Dallas and J. J. Holmes of Austin, prevented either of the main contenders from getting the required simple majority.
Yarborough has continued to hammer at Shivers for backing Eisenhower in the runoff campaign. He calls Shivers “my Reoufol’can opponent." Yarborough also has criticized Shivers for seeking to become the first Texas governor elected to three consecutive terms.
Shivers’ countered that he had to support Eisenhower to be sure the state’s claim to its tidelands was recognized as valid. He says he is running for a third term to prove that “Texans want a governor who will stand up and fight for their state.”
Each has accused the other of mud slinging.
Shivers has claimed that Yarborough is supported, both financially and at the polls, by the National Assn. for the Advancement of Colored People, the CIO Political Action Committee and the Americans for Democratic Action.
Yarborough declared he owes nothing to any outside elements.
The polls open at 8 a.m. Saturday and close at 7 p.m.
The Weather Bureau forecast clear to partly cloudy skies over all the state Saturday with widely scattered thundershowers.
Also up for decision Saturday, but overshadowed by the governor’s campaign, is a runoff race for a State Supreme Court justice post and congressional positions in the 5th (Dallas* and 14th (South Texas coastal bend) districts.
COUNTY ELECTION BUREAU TO GATHER VOTE RETURNS
A Taylor County election bureau will be operated Saturday night by the Reporter-News, KRBC-TV and radio stations KWKC and KRBC.
The bureau will be in the business office of the newspaper. Election judges can report returns to the radio, television and newspaper by calling one number—4-7271.
Representatives of the stations wUl be in the Reporter-News offices to call returns to the stations as soon as they are received.
The newspaper and the stations joined in this cooperative effort in the hope that it will speed up the compilation of the vote and enable everyone to know sooner
the results of the election.
The managements believe the bureau will aid election judges as they can report returns in a single call.
Details of the cooperative plan were worked out by Manager A. C. Etter of KWKC, Manager Bro Mingus of KRBC and executives of the Reporter-News.
BOTH SIDES SEE WIN
Huge Vote Looms In Abilene Area
A larger vote is likely in Taylor and its neighboring counties on the second Democratic primary election Saturday than was cast in the first primary in July.
Absentee ballots have been issued in Taylor County to more than twice the 416 who voted in the first election.
Both the Yarborough and Shivers camps in Taylor County are predicting victory in the race for governor. Some of the issues in. the campaigning have been labor, race-ism. Republicanism, accusations of crime and captivity by “big business” and by “labor.” Ralph Yarborough carried 14 of the 20 counties in West Central Texas in the first primary.
Polls Open at 8 Thousands of citizens are expected to go to the polls. Polls will open at 8 a.m. and close at 7 p.m.
As the election neared. R. M Wagstaff, Taylor County campaign manager for Shivers, said: “I feel confident Gov. Shivers will be re-elected. If we have a heavy vote, his majority will be considerable. If it is light, his election will be closer.”
Joe Reynolds, president of the Yarborough for Governor Club in Taylor County, said:
“I think the race was over a week ago. Yarborough will win by 40,000 votes, and that’s estimating it conservatively. I think we have accomplished what we set out to do, and that was to elect a governor for all the people."
As to the size of the vote, Tommy N. Carswell, executive secretary of the Taylor County Demo-
cratic Executive Committee, said:
“We had 642 voting in July at
my box where I’m election judge
(College Heights) and
I look for
an increase, tt
seems from re-
ports that have
the county that
will be an
increase in the
In the first primary an unoffi
cial vote count showed the 20 coun
ty area surrounding Abilene gave
Yarborough 3,377 Ynore votes than
Tavlor County supported Shivers
by 436 votes, 4.783 to 4,347. Total
for the 20 counties was 31.944 for
Yarborough, and 28,567 for Shiv-
Following are tabulations of the
in the first
* Unofficial totals.
347 Die in Indio
NEW DELHI, India UP)—An epidemic of virus encephalitis in 1! northern Indian citiee has passed its peak after taking the lives of at least 347 children.
Yarborough Says Governor Used ’Faked Photographs'
SUNDAY HEADLINERS IN THE REPORTER-NEWS
Saturday is the day.
And, Sunday’s big Abilene Reporter-News will be the paper to read for the complete report on the election.
Every political race, precinct, county, district and state, from this part of Texas will be “covered” in the Sunday Reporter-News. Staff members of the newspapers and correspondents from every county seat in this area will cooperate in gathering and compiling the vote returns to bring you the complete, accurate report Along with this special election news there will be
the usual full story on what’s happening in general news oil, sports, farm and the women’s world at home and abroad
You can reserve your extra copies at 10 cents apiece or The Reporter-News will mail a copy of the paper to any address in the U.S. or to any APO for 15 cents.
DALLAS, Aug. 27 u*-Ralph Yarborough charged today his opposition had used "faked photographs’’ against him and that as soon as the campaign for governor was over he was going “to put this whole sordid mess' before a Texas grand jury.”
In a radio broadcast, Yarborough said his opposition had put out a “smear sheet” with “fake photographs” and that they had “taken them at 5 one morning since this campaign has started.”
“As soon as this campaign is over.” Yarborough said. “I’m going to put this whole sordid mess before a Texas grand jury and ask them to investigate this libel on me and Port Arthur.*’
Yarborough had charged before that a photograph of a picket in a strike at Port Arthur carrying a sign that boosted Yarborough's candidacy had been “doctored.”
In his speech, Yarborough dwelt at length on the Port Arthur strike
SICTION A Women'* new« ......... 4
Sports .......... • • • •**
Oil news ........ •
Editorials . ............*
Form, markets .. * ......•
Rodio, TV .............•
issue that has figured in the campaign.
“Did you ever hear anything about Port Arthur in the first campaign?” he asked.
Yarborough said the obligation to restore peace to Port Arthur rests upon the man who is elected governor.
He said his opponent “charge« me, a private citizen, with his failure to keep the peace and enforce the law.”
A strike against some Port Arthur businesses has been going on some 10 months.
Yarborough said again that if he was elected he would go to Port Arthur and settle the strike in 30 days.
He hit again at “one-man rule for Texas”, referring to Shivers’ seeking a third elective term.
He also said “my opponent boasts openly he has control of the basic information media of this state—the press. I don’t ask the papers of Texas to be for me, I ask only that they be fair ’’
Yarborough arrived here this afternoon after « courthouse speech in Greenville at noon.
The crowd was estimated at 300 in Greenville
There, Yarborough renewed his charge that Shivers didn’t seera to be alarmed about the Port Ar-
See CANDIDATE, P*. S-A,
Vote Your Choice Early -- The Polls Open at 8 a.m.