Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - August 27, 1944, Abilene, Texas
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Vf'L. LXIV, NO. 71
A TEXAS 3—U, KEW SP APIS
OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES.’-Byron ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MOTO AUGUST 27, 1944-FORTY-SIX PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS a,« p™
rn,ted Peru tU.P.I PRICE FIVE CENTS
Last Nazi Gun Stilled in Paris
Sellers, Simpson Win State Races
Copyright, 1944, by Texas Election Bureau DALLAS. Aug. 27 (Sunday)-Returns to the Texas Election Bureau al 12:30 a.m. from 220 out of 2a4 counties in the state, including OI complete, show the following totals for candidates in Saturday s second Remocrat.e pnmary election. ATTORNEY GENERAL—Martin. 196.713; Seller, 245,57d. SUPREME COURT—Critz, 179.872; Simpson, 2o3,12d.
f0,000 Nazis Surrender to Gen. LeClerc
Bv JAMES F. KING SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Aug. 26—
(AP)—The last enemy machinegun was stilled in Paris tonight, French and American infantry stalked the last few stragglers and snipers, and cJln the Germans admitted they had cleared put of the capital which they had held under an iron rule since the first summer of the war.
ffhe German garrison in Paris that surrendered to the
American corps commander Sam M dShpWfc a** I thyT2 coonties comprising the lith and the French Gen. .laeqncs in, tothrtgm district. “ '
(See page 4 for returns by counties).
SAM RUSSELL WINS THIRD TERM IN LOWER HOUSE
Leelcrc was )00 men.
me German strong point still held out in the Champigny sector five miles east southeast of Paris and there was sporadic fighting with some small groups of Germans In the northeastern and northwester suburbs. A number of isolated snipers was being hunted down.
As the military cleaned out the last resistance, French political leaders moved in to reorganize the Paris government, and Lt. Gen. Q^ar N. Bradley * forces besan the *,^t task of helping to feed and run the city.
Fond stocks enough to fred Paris for ten days were on the way to a population which had hungered since it rose last Saturday against the German garrison and bring the fight for freedom to a swift conclusion.
Gen. Charles De Gaulle, long the symbol of resistance in the minds of the French, walked jiown the Champs-Elysees today “nd a shot rang out as he or-rived at Notre Dame cathedral. Tho Free French radio at Faris
I here was an answering 'oiler. hut the shot was reported to £ie an accidental one, and crowds remained calm.
The first 3.000 tons of food arrived in Allied convoys, and French authorities began organization to feed the population in communal
II dozen different newspapers reappeared in Paris, including sue well known prewar names as “Picaro ” “Oeuvre” and “Populaire.
(French forces of the interior were heard broadcasting over the ' Ahv radio that they had liberated' that seat of French puppet Government and food was on the r av. the Federal Communications commission reported.'•
Even as the final shots of liber-
Russell was in the lead in lh of
Clyde Garrett of Eastland whom he defeated two years ago.
With five counties complete,
Russell held a total of 11,199 votes to Garrett's 13,663.
In 42d Race
Thomas E. Hayden, Abilene at-‘ torney and rancher, former ma.<or and city attorney, yesterday won the office of district attorney of the 42d judicial district over Carl jones
He was ahead ’n Taylor, Shackelford. Palo Pinto, Nolan. Jones, Hamilton. Fisher, Erath. Comanche and Callahan. Garrett re-| ceived the higher in Eastland and in Stephens. Of these, Taylor. Stephens, Palo Pinto, Erath and Comanche were complete.
AU votes were in except two boxes in Callahan, about 80 votes in Eastland, eight boxes in Fisher, 75 votes in Hamilton, nine boxes in Jones, lo votes in Palo Pinto, and one box at Shackelford.
By counties, voting was:
P. Hulsey, Taylor county judge.
Returns from the three counties, with two small boxes in Shackelford and three small boxes ’n Callahan unreported, gave the following totals:
HAYDEN ................. J-829
HULSEY ..... 3t86~
Returns by counties:
TAYLOR (complete) — Hayden 2,765: Hulsey, 2944.
CALLAHAN—Hayden 800; Hulsey 48,"
SHACKELFORD— Hayden 68C, Hulsey 457.
Nearer to Reich
Bv JAMES M. LONG SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITION ARY FORCE, Sunday, Aug. 27—(AP)—The AHtcd having broken across the Seine river barrier on a JHMn.lt front, herded the once-indomitable Germans before them today in a battle of pursuit that swirled steadily nearer to
the Reich's frontiers. ,
“The elimination of the German Seventh army as a fighting entity has decided the battle of France, declarer SU-prom. Headquarters in warning the little duchy ..I Luxe,,,.
i_______ti,. VmnrVi frontier provinces of Alsace and Lor-
hecoine a theater of war."
— “What there is left of the Ger-
hourg and the French frontier pro\ raine that they soon “may
mans in northwest France is hanging Uke meat on a butchers hook, waiting to he cut down," said a high officer at British field headquarters.
Southeast of Paris there was brisk fighting on the northeast bank of the Seine between the American bridgeheads at Corbeil
FACES MURDER CHARGES -r William McMahan, 27, charged with the murder oi Luther Collins, is held in jail here awaiting investigation by
THOMAS E. HAYDEN 42d District Attorney
e^pn echoed through the city last rAyh*. Paris threw itself into a cat-nival of celebration that equalled any in its long and often gay, oft-
See PARIS, Pg. 4. Col. 5
Pearson Leads in Legislature Race
L. R. Pearson led Omar Burkett, incumbent, 3.336 to 2,988 for the democratic nomination for state i^nrsentalive of district 107 on incomplete returns last night.
prar.soh led 2.744 to 2,327 in Eastland county with more than half the votes counted and in Callahan county, with approximately 40 votes ti, Burkett led 661 to 592.
Japan Mourns Fate of Truk
Associated Press War Editor
New air blows within 750 miles of Tokyo were announced by Adm Chester W. Nimitz yesterday while the Japanese radio bemoaned the fate of the great garrison at Truk, isolated in the central Carolines bv the American advance acros the Pacific,
DF TART MF. NT OF COMMER* E WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY: Partly
cloudy Sunday and Monday.
temperatures fct rtl
Sal. - Tri. A M.
K'! sri 83 sn 73 7 H
69 - <7 ......
63 - 7 8 ......
70 - *1 ......
73 - HI .....
75 - *7
High and low I. 87 and 67.
85 HI 81
73 7 6
13 — -
lf mpn aturea to
- 83 . 83
. 3 1
- HI . 83
- 87 . 85
- 83 . 73
Results in otner congressional run-off races tabulatad by the Texas Election bureau at 12:30 am. Sunday were:
DISTRICT 7—Returns from all 12 counties including six complete:
Patton ...................... 15,514
Picket .................... 20.054
DISTRICT 9—Returns from 12 of lo counties including six complete:
Mansfield ................ 12,990
Sulak ..................... 12,376
Pat Patterson Gains 4th Term
C O. (Pat) Patterson was reelected for a fourth term as county tax assessor and collector in the only Taylor county run-off primary
He defeated Luther McMillon, former deputy sheriff.
Patterson polled 3,027 votes to McMillon’s 2,710, complete returns showed.
In the commisioners race, for precinct 2 (Merkel). Houston Robertson won with 518 votes over Lem Dudley’s 473.
Floyd Tatp won over Leo Standard in precinct 3 (Tuscola^, with 340 votes to Standard’s 246.
Taylor county voters supported Grover Sellers in the race for attorney general with Jesse E
C. O. (PAT) PATTERSON Tax Assessor-C’olleotor
Merkel Soldier in Pacific Wounded
MERKEL, Aug. 26 Marine Sgt. Edward R. Reynolds was wounded in action on July 26 in the South Pacific, the War department has notified his parents, Mr. and Mrs. G. R. Reynolds.
He enlisted at Abilene July 24. 1940, and trained at San Diego, Mar-I Calif. He was at Pea I Harbor at
tin polling only 2.551 votes to Sel- the time of the attack and was lers' 3 005 later stationed at a base at Otran-
Gorrion' Simpson took 2.993 votes side. Calif., for about three months, in the run-off for associate Justice returning to the battle zone in the and Richard Critz, 2,445. South Pacific.______
By NOLAND NORGAARD
ROME, Aug. 26—TP)—The battle of southern France entered its final phase today as the Americans slashed deeply up the Rhone valley in a race to cut off the fleeing German forces below Lyon.
Lt. Gen. Alexander M. Patch's fast-moving Seventh army already had freed all of southern France east of the Rhone below newly-captured Avignon and Briancon, the latter only five miles west of the Italian frontier, and now controlled than 9,000 sauaie miles of
The German high rommand said. “in the Rhone valley severe fighting is in progress with enemy mechanized formations which are trying to intercept our movements in the direction
There was no comment from Patch’s headquarters on this or on a German report that an American column from the east had broken into the Rhone valley near Montelimar, nearly 50 miles north of Avignon and less than 85 below Lyon, and was astride the highway and rail routes of German retreat.
It was perhaps .significant, however, that the Allied command had given no intimation whatever for three days on the activities of the mechanized American task force which in the first werk of the Aug.
15 invasion drove 140 miles deep into the enemy’s cast flank to Grenoble.
(Some unconfirmed border reports have placed this force as far Fnrirrlement, northward as the Swiss-Frcnch frontier, but a swing southwestward down the Lsere river from Grenoble to the Rhone would be a logical development.)
Already the American invasion perimeter was mere than 300 miles in extent from the Rhone delta area through Grenoble and Briancon. and down to Antibes on the coast beyond Cannes.
Seventh Army columns aided by French patriots appeared to br roaming widely, seeking out and destroying the disorganized Germans wherever they could be found
and Melun as the enemy strove to |jip j^rpL 4 term af the 42d dis
triot court grand jury. Collins died in a local hospital following injury in the city jail whore McMahan is charged with having stomped him. Both men had been jailed for drunkenness.
delay the American advance The ragged remnants of the Germans remaining on the southwest bank of the river at its mouth were frenziedly trying to cross in dav-t loops closed enexorabl.v in for the kill.
But all the German efforts were of a sporadic nature born of the knowledge of their ultimate futility.
Only the harried survivors of the Normandy debacle and a handful of divisions of the once-mighty 15th army guarding the rocket coast stood before the Americans, British and Americans surging across the Seine over at least six hridge-west and southeast of Paris.
The British in a spectacular 40-milc forced march in six hours forced a crossing of the Seine at Vernon, ten miles northwest of the strang American bridgehead at Mantes, and turned loose another powerful force against the Germans scrambling from their channel forts.
The German Air force, possibly sensing that the game is up in France ann these forces may have trouble even reaching Germany, threw its planes into some of the greatest, aerial battles since D-Day and Inst 93 Friday, most of them in northwestern France.
Few enemy planes were sighted today, indicating that the groggy German air force no longer can keep up such furious infighting.
The big port of Le Havre was being abondoneci by land and sea huge convoys were on the move from Rouen and Dieppe toward Amiens and Reims, and pouncing allied war planes shot up 56 more tanks and 549 vehicles in the last 24 hours.
The Germans, with the Seine |
DON DON, Sunday, Ane 27 TI -Russian troops virtually reconquered a1! Bessarabia yesterday, hurling the Germans across the lower Danube on a broad front between the Prut and the Black sea. and overrunning 350 towms and ullages where scores of thousands of Germans and Romanians quit the strugale.
Moscow's communique announced that at least 61.000 prisoners were taken during the dav, including five Romanian divisions of perhaps 30,000 men which surrendered with all their arms.
Swiftly exploiting one of the war's greatest victories, the Russians on the seventh day of their lightning offensive aimed at trapping entire Nazi armies in the Balkans had killed or captured nearly 273,000 Germans and Romanians, and were hacking to pieces the remnants of 12 encircled Nazi divisions southwest of fallen ( hisinau, now far to the rear of advance units driving toward Bucharest.
Must of the romanian prisoners probably will be reorganized into
threatening them with were pulling out of
their usual divisional strength of 6 OOO men and hurled against the re-the formidable channel formica-, treating Germans at the order of tions from which they expected to King Mihais new pio-a Iv go drive the invaders back into the sea. ment, who.se
and from the Robot roosts from which bombs have been hurled at England.
The Allied drive menacing Pas-De-Calais, nest of the flying bomb?, coincided with a lull in the attacks on London and southern England, indicating that already this thrust might be paying dividends
There was every Indication that the Germans, filling the
Rec FRANCE, Pg. 4, Col. I
declaration of war a a inst the Reich has sped the collapse of the Balkan front.
Other Romanian units already have seized the Carpathian mountain passes leading from Romania to Hungary via Transylvania, a Moscow statement said, thus aiding the Russians in their annihilation of entire Axis divisions.
Most of the 350 towns and villages captured yesterday were in the Carpathian foothills above tlie Gaiatl gap, the bulletin disclosed.
Bv WADE WERNER LONDON, Aug. 2,>—(AP) — The Germans’ Balkan front caved in tonight as Bulgaria ordered Nazi troops out of the country and Romanians seized the Carpathian mountain passes and did battle with their former allies who were trying to escape the Russian onslaught.
(The Bulgarian domestic radio, in a broadcast recorded by the U, S. Federal Communications commission, said that German troops in Bulgaria already had been disarmed by Bulgarian forces and confirmed that Bulgaria had approached the I nited States and Britain for terms on withdrawing from the war.)
Bulgaria’s formal withdrawal from the war was expected hourly, but the Moscow radio indicated she already was as good as out, announcing that she had adopted an attitude of strict •'neutrality” and planned to disarm any Germans who did not leave the country peaceably.
Bulgarian ability to enforce this position was an open question but there have been reports of extensive withdrawals of German forces from that country in recent weeks, so that those remaining might not be able to put up effective resistance.
The broadcast Soviet statement, most concrete of the many current reports concerning the Balkans, said Bucharest was firmly held by the new pro-allied Romanian government, that the old premier. Gen.
Ion Antonescu was unde" arrest in Ring Kihai’s palace, ar> that Romanian troops now held the Carpathian mountain passes that had been the Germans* strongest line of hope for defense against the Red Army.
An earlier report from the ItalU an fascist agency STEFANI via the Swish Telegraph agency had said Antonescu had been assassinated in Hie coup that turned Romania from the German to the allied camp Wednesday.
Gen. Hansen, head of the German military mission to Romania, and other Germans in Bucharest, have been interned, Moscow said, and Bucharest is firmly held by the new government of Gen. Sanates-cu,” although the Germans were still shelling the city with anti-aircraft guns—the only artillery they had—and were bombing the military barracks.
Pointing the way to the next likely Balkan development, the Russians said German and Hungarian forces "ere feverishly creeling defenses In Iransyl-vania in the territory Hungary took from Romania in 1940 under a Hiller "award.”
Authoritative sources in London said there was no information indicating any quick crackup of Hungary, hut that on th® contrary the Nazis could be expected to stiffen the Hungarian spines now that Hungary s old enemy, Romania, is no longer
BALKANS. Pg. 4, Col. 4
Road to Berlin
By The Associated Press
I—Russian front 322 miles ifrom Warsaw's eastern suburbs*
2_Northenr France 495 miles (from Troyest 3—Italian front 601 miles (from
4 southern France 605 miles
Curtain Rises at I p. rn. Friday on
9-Day West Texas Fair Program
* • a 1____ - M Vtitndrodc fl I
The curtain lifts Friday at I p. rn. on the 1944 west Texas Fair—for tin* first time in three years.
And for the first time in its history. the West Texas Fair offers a nine-day program. A week of West Wk as exhibitions and entertainment has been the previous record.
The entire nine-day period is filled with a program designed to interest residents of this West Texas empire—military personnel, Abilen-;%s, Abilene's neighbors.
Attendance forecasts are above the 75.000-mark, if the variety and volume of the program “40 acres of attractions —are
Special days highlight the
'•lair s program.
It has its beginning with Mar Bond and War Chest day. on Friday, Sept. I, for this theme will be soven into the opening parade, downtown, at 5 o'clock the afternoon.
Sharing the wartime spotlight, will be a Pioneer theme—a parade section devoted to tribute to those pioneers who launched the West Texas exposition with their community exhibition of agricultural products and handiwork in a downtown store building in the summer of 1884.
Sept. I also is the date for the initial show of the annual Texas) Palomino Horse show, a four-day event which is one of the Fairs foremost attractions.
Sept. 2, Saturday, has been designated as Palomino day. for that is the day that the breeding classes are being judged before the grandstand, in the afternoon, with another colorful all-Palomino in the evening.
Saturday also Is Sheep and Goat Raisers’ day, for it is on this date that the sheep and goat show is to be judged.
Sunday is the sabbath.
On this day, the West Texas Fair gates will be open only from i2:30 p. m. to 6 p. rn —for the afternoon. "No West Texas Fair feature—midway, shows,
exhibits, stables, cattle barns, grandstand—will be open Sunday morning o" Sunday evening,’ Fair officials have announced.
At 2:30 Suriday afternoon, the third program of the Texas Palomino shows will be staged before th? grandstand. This has been planned largely for the benefit of soldiers. hundreds of whom come to Abilene on the week ends with little to find in the way of recreation and entertainment.
In fact, West Texas Fair officials explain, entertainment for thous-
of progress and which is so vital to the war program, was motivation for revival of the fair in 1944 after a three-year intermission
In this connectio i. commercialization has been kept at a minimum. It will be the West Texas Fair gate, at 60 cents (including tax* for civilians, and 30 cents (including taxi for military personnel and children, which will finance the exposition. The West Texas Fair association has from its inception been a non-profit organization, dp-voted to a program of building interest in livestock and agriculture, plus recreation for the people of this section,
So this year's policies mean that there is a free grandstand, free parking space—the Fair is free ex-
ands of soldiers and their families, cept for the entrance gate
plus the need for focusing greater attention at this time on the livestock industry which has been so I important in West Texas’ procession
Monday, Sept. 4, is Hereford Day. Judging of the Herefords—and entries come from some of the state's finest herds—starts at 8; 30 a. rn.
Hereford Breeders share the first Monday of September honors with Labor. For this* day is. nationally, Labor Day, and tho West Texas Fair takes special note of the occasion.
Tuesday is Children’s Day Mommies and daddies are uig^d on this day to bring their kiddies to the fair—and make it a family party. Incidentally, children under 12 are admitted free at the gate through the entire nine days.
The Tuesday evening grandstand feature is the Taylor County Sheriff’s Posse Show and Stunt night, a program which combines western calor and fun.
Wednesday, Sept. 6 is Army Day. The grandstand feature will be a presentation, for the first time for civilians, the all-soldier show, Fun-antics, from the Army Service Forces Training Center, Camp
Barkery. This show has toured every post, base and general hospital of the Eighth Service Command and is slated to go overseas soon to play hospitals in the various theaters of war.
Thursday is Abilene Day. This is a traditional day, when every business house closes at noon—and everybody goes to the fair.
This also Is the day which marks the beginning of three days of Quarter Horse racing— races which are quick, short and filled with thrills.
It likewise marks the opening of the three-day Quarter Horse show, which is just as varied in program and which attracts as much attention in this West Texas area as does the state Palomino show.
Friday will be County Agents’, Home Demonstration and 4-H club Day. County agents have long play
ed a vital part in the building of the West Texas Fair program and exhibitions, as have the Home Demonstration and 3-H clubs.
The 1944 Fair includes a special division of Home Demonstration and 4-H club exhibits.
Swine Breeders’ Day also is Friday, with the judging of thus show set for IO a m.
There are horse races in the afternoon. the Quarter Horse show in the evening, both at the free grandstand.
Saturday is Jersey Day, and Traveling Men s Day.
The Jerseys will be Judged in the morning, and the closing afternoon and evening entertainment are races and the Quarter Horse show.
Traveling Mens Day is a custom almost as old as the West Texas Fair. These com
mercial salesmen, hundreds of whom live in Abilene and have headquarters here, but who seldom are in Abilene, always com® home for their day at the fair. The Travelers have been so loyal to the West Texas Fair that their boosting has, especially in some lean \ears. had a major part in the exposition’s success, veteran Fair workers explain.
Besides livestock exhibits, th® West Texas Fair wlU have other educational exhibits, military exhibits. and commercial exhibits for the interest of visitors.
Bill Haines shows will play midway this year.
The Fair Park Supper Club, featuring Eddie Oliver and his 19-picce band from Chicago's Edgewater Beach hotel, and five top flight floor show acts, will open the evening of Sept 2, to run through j the Fair s closing.