Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - August 26, 1944, Abilene, Texas
w=a. Wk Abilene Reporter -JietoS
VOL. LXIV, NO. 70
A TEXAS 2mtJOf NEWSPAPER
WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE WORLD KXACILY AS IT GOES "-Bunn
Associated Press (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, AUGUST 26, 1944 —EIGHT PAGES
United Press (U P.)
PRICE FIVE CENTS
WE HEAD FOR GERMANY
Reds Open Mighty Push on Warsaw
Tanks Rumble Into
Troyes and Reims
IN THE EAST—Red troops are attacking in a gigantic offen sive northeast of Warsaw, German sources said, while other forces in twin drives rolled on Ploesti and Bucharest in Ro-J mania, according to Soviet communiques. Romanians were reported battling Nazi troops in Romania. (NEA Telephoto).
.Romanians and Germans Battle
LONDON, Aug. 26—(ZP)—"Quarters of the German command ’ In ^ Bucharest, the Romanian capital, are engaged in fierce fighting against W Romanian army formations, the German radio announced today.
The German high command said that repeated attacks "made by traitors’’ were repulsed and that German troops were engaged in a general retreat in Romania while defending themselves against numerous Soviet attacks.
Bucharest reported Romanian soldiers in increasing numbers were •4 joining the onrushing Rec? army, and under heightening pressure from the front and rear Germany’s whole position in Romania appeared headed toward disintegration.
"German strongpoints in the country are giving in and whole groups are surrendering," declared a Bucharest broadcast. "Allied troops and our own soldiers from the front are |
. headed toward Bucharest.
Politicians, Fans Watch Weather
Meanwhile Bulgaria was said to be awaiting an early delivery of Allied terms to take her out of the war, Greek insurgents were reported fighting with German occupation forces,
£ and the Nazis tightened their grip on a shaking Hungary. |
All of these troubles faced Hitler Football, politics and the rain as he was reportpd in coriioiome re spoken pf in the nme breath at Berchtesgaden with his military .
and political advisers. m Abilene this morning—with the
(The Russian - sponsored free turnout for the first two depending
M Germany National committee, quot- j on the lack of the latter.
mg Turkish reports, said in a broadcast last night that fierce fighting had broken out "all over Greece” and in Crete between Greek irregulars and German oc-cupatlon troops.)
* Daniel de Luce, Associated Press correspondent in Moscow, said Romanian troops were attempting to
LONDON, Aug. 26.—(UP) —Russian forces have launched a new offensive “of the greatest possible extent” northeast of Warsaw’, the German Transocean news agency said today, quoting a Berlin military spokesman.
The spokesman said fresh Soviet troops were thrown into the offensive this morning in an attempt to roll up the German flank above Warsaw, and asserted that a “bloody battle” was in progress.
"The climax of the fighting has not yet been reached," he added.
The dispatch indicated that the Russians may have driven across the Bug and perhaps the Narew rivers northeast of Warsaw in an attempt to sever German communications between Warsaw and East Prussia, hampering troop movements on the tw’o most dangerous sectors on the north-central front.
MOSCOW, Aug. 26— UP)—Romanian troops were reported turning on the Germans, killing and taking them prisoner, as the Red army sped through the Galati gap today toward Bucharest at a pace which, if maintained, would carry Soviet spearheads to the Romanian capital by tomorrow night.
The charging Russian troops last were reported little more than IOO miles from Bueharest and barely 75 from the Ploesti oil fields. The Siret river was crossed 20 miles south of captured Tecuci.
A Red Star dispatch said a pitch ed battle between the Romanians and Germans was witnessed by Soviet forces.
In this fight, the first reported episode here of the Romanians car rying out their announced intention to fight with the United Nations the Romanians captured 360 Germans.
IN THE WEST—American armored spearheads rolled east toward the German border and north across the Marne in flanking threat to the German 15th army. Troyes was occupied by one force. Another broke across the Marne and entered Reims on the German retreat route. Allied troops, meanwhile, closed in on the rocket bomb coast.
BERN, Switzerland, Aug. 26— (£>>—A dispatch from the Swiss-Italian border today said Marshal Ion Antonescu, deposed Romanian premier, had been assassinated during the coup d’etat that placed Romania in the Allied camp.
- prevent German sabotage of sur-^ vicing Ploesti oil field installations, and that the Nazis appeared bent on destruction rather than defense of that vital economic prize.
Moscow was expecting an announcement of Bulgaria’s exit from j|the war with United States and Great Britain hourly.
The Romanian government announced its declaration of war on Germany in a dramatic broadcast that charged the Germans broke their promise not to war on the ^capitulating Romanians by bombing Bucharest and other towns and turning guns on civilians.
KRBC Will Broadcast All Election Returns
Partly cloudy with scattered thundershowers this afternoon was as definite a forecast as the weatherman would make. Sunday, he predicted, will be partly cloudy and slightly cooler.
Tonight the Brooklyn Tigers meet the Army Air All-Stars as the Abilene high school stadium at 8:30 p. rn. in the first exhibition of professional football in West Texas. A record attendance is expected provided the weather turns fair.
Today Taylor countian® are urged to vote in the second Democratic primary but a light vote will probably result from the rainy weather.
Abilene and West Texas received general rain showers. Only .lo of an inch was received here with a steady rain falling from 4:58 a. rn. until 6:05 a. rn. today.
A good, hard shower was falling at Coleman and the surrounding area at 9 o’clock this morning. It began shortly after 8 a. rn.
At Baird anti nearby communities rain was still falling around 9:30 a. rn. The rainfall, which began at 6 a. rn., measured between three-fourths of an inch and one inch.
A heavy rain which began around a. rn. was reported at Colorado City. It ended early in the morning, however.
About one-third of an inch
See RAINS Pg. 8 Col. 5
In other important successes yesterday Gen. Ivan Maslennikov’s Third Baltic army captured TaMu, a center of Nazi resistance in central Estonia, and Gen. G. F. Zakharov's Second White Russian army advance in the direction of the German frontier in northern Poland seized over 4# populated points south of Lomza.
Marshal Konstantin K. Rokossov sky was reported bettering his posi tions east and northeast of War saw s suburb of Praga, although the Germans still were mounting tank and infantry tanks against him.
Runoff Balloting Gets Slow Start
DeGaulle Proclaims Liberation of Paris
By The Arsoclated Press j
LONDON, Aug. 26 — (if*)— French broadcasts from Paris today declared the capital, symbol of liberty, again was free of the German yoke, although the Nazis declared fight- j ing still was going on.
Gen. Charles de Gaulle proclaimed the liberation of the capital to cheering crowds last night, and Paris radio declared the German commander had surrendered.
Supreme headquarters reported the situation In Pans fairly quiet, although some mopping up still Is being carried out. Earlier is was announced that "more Allied armor and infantry are in Paris following entrance of the Second French armored division Friday morning, and all resistance in the southern and southwestern outskirts has been overcome."
Radio France at Algiers asserted early this afternoon that all Nazi resistance in Paris had ceased.
Berlin broadcasts denied that
"Paris is free now—freed by the hands of Frenchmen—t h e capital of Fighting France, of France the great eternal," De Gaulle declared.
Earlier the radio said the German commander surrendered t a Brig. Gen. Jacques Leclerc, commanding officer of the French Sec-ordn armored division.
In his broadcast speech, General de Gaulle declared that even though Paris has been liberated and the Germans chased from much of France "we will not rest or be satisfied until we enter—as in only right—upon the enemy’s soil as conquerors."
Germans Fall Back On Gothic Defenses
ROME. Aug. 26 — UP)—German withdrawals toward the Gothic line fortifications in the central portions of the Italian front were
General Werden, commanding the reported today by Gen. Sir Harold
Paris garrison, had capitulated, and Alexander’s headquarters.
KRBC, Abilene, will broadcast returns of the Democratic run-off ^'primary election this evening beginning shortly after polls close at 7 p. rn.
The public is requested to listen to KRBC 'and not to call The Reporter-News for returns. Incoming calls from election Jf judges and correspondents reporting returns will load the lines into the newsnaper office and make it impossible to handle unnecessary calls by Individuals seeking election on re-, ports.
w Service of the Texas Election bureau are available to radio stations this year for the first time and KRBC will receive the same statewide election returns for broadcast ing as The Reporter-News receives fltfor publication.
Turkey in Break
ANKARA,. Aug. 25— (delayed)—(JP) —Turkey suspended diplomatic re-„ I a tions today with Vichy France on
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER Bl REAU
ABILENE AND VICINITY — Partly cloudy with scattered thundershowers this afternoon. Sunday partly cloudy and slightly cooler.
EAST TEXAS: Partly cloudy, scattered thundershowers this afternoon, except extreme northwest and extreme south portions and thundershowers northeast and centra! portions tonight; Sunday partly cloudy, thundershowers upper coast; slightly cooler in extreme north tonight and in north portion Sunday.
WEST TEXAS: Mostly cloudy, scattered thundershowers except Panhandle and South Plains and El Paso area this afternoon and thundershowers east of Pecos river and Del Rio-Eagle Pass area tonight; Sunday partly cloudy
Maximum temperature last 24 hours, 96.
Minimum temperature last 12 hours, 67.
Sat?Frt Fri-Thu A M. Hour P.M.
80 82— I— 88 89
81 83— 2— 89 91
80 82— 3— 89 92
80 80— 4— 94 93
76 79— 5— 94 92
68 77— 7— 91 91
69 77— 8— 89 88
69 78— 9— 87 84
70 81—10— 85 83
72 84—11— 82 82
87—12— 79 82
4he grounds that the Betain regime s-ris8e7ltfrmorning .......... 7:io
r.o longer is functioning. suns** tonight ................
Rainy weather here early this morning plus an evident lack of interest on the part of many Taylor counties joined this morning to make early balloting in the runoff primary even slower than was expected.
Only 511 votes had been cast to about ll a. rn. At that hour during the first primary 893 had been recorded.
Only one of the city boxes, Butternut, had any great show of interest. The election judge there predicted the total vote would top the 948 cast in that precinct in July. One hundred six voters, including one negro, had voted this morning —some 25 more than at the same time last election.
Unofficial reports were that con- ' tests for the county and district
offices were unusually close.
* * *
Returns from the city and outlying boxes and the total vote cast in the first primary were:
Courthouse, precenct one, 90,
556 in July.
Butternut, precinct two, 106,
948 in July.
Fair Park, precinct three, 90, 970 in July.
Shelton-Webb, precinct four,
65, about 697 in July.
Cedar Street, precinct five, 62, 731 in July.
Orange Street, precinct six, SO, 560.
Veterans clubhouse, precinct nine, 16, 191 in July.
State Highway warehouse, precinct IO, 32, about 360 in July.
No returns were available from North Park where 70 votes were cast at this time last election and about 340 voted in all.
Polish troops of the Eighth Armv on the Adriatic sector continued aggressive patrolling activity into the enemy’s new positions north of the Metauro river.
The Nazi retreat to the shelter of the Gothic line in the rugged northern Appenine range was most pronounced in the area of the upper Tiber river and on the east president of the French Committee side of the upper Amo behind Pon-of National Liberation addressed tassieve.
cheering crowds last night in front Eighth Armv units following up of the prefecture in Paris. In hl^ the retreat reached Apecchio, 35 broadcast speech the shouting and miles from the Adriatic and 24 singing of the crowds could be miles due south of the principality heard clearly. ' of San Marino, without opposition. I Brunn
said troops in the capital area still were fighting Allied columns and the Partisans.
# * •
De Gaulle announced the Liberation three days after the premature report from his London headquarters.
Back in the capital after four years of fighting from exile, the
LONDON, Aug. 26.—(AP) —Nearly 1,000 I . S. Flying Fortresses and Liberators carried the smashing new aerial offensive against Europe through tile third straight day today, most of them battering oil targets in Germany.
Others dealt the besieged Brittany port of Brest its third pounding in 36 hours.
Up to 750 heavy bombers with as many escorting fighters Kinged over northwest and southwest Germany in a third consecutive blow at Hitler’s oil plants.
The daylight smashes followed overnight operations by 1,000 RAF aircraft, and 6,450 flights Friday from British and French Bases.
Last night the RAF sent well over" 1,000 bombers against Germany. Their main objective was the huge Opel motor plant at Russel-heim. The industrial and railway center of Darmstadt between Frankfort and Mannheim also was attacked, while Mosquito bombers again attacked Berlin.
The Allied air forces lost 78 planes In their extensive operations yesterday and throughout the night. These included 17 bombers, seven fighters for the U. S. Eighth air force and 19 planes for the U. S. Ninth air force.
Against their losses the Allies tallied 144 German aircraft, *;**troy-ed In the air and on the ground.
The amount of fighter opposition encountered was regarded here as a possible sign that the Germans now may be beaten to a point where they have decided to risk their remaining planes in a desperate defense of Germany itself.
Nazi fighters swarmed up from their new bases around Cambrai, Soissons, Reims and San Quentin— and the Ninth U. S. air force bagged yesterday 51 ME-109s and PW-190s in the air plus 41 on the ground.
The Second tactical air force alone yesterday destroyed 269 motor vehicles, 56 tanks, 29 barges, two motor vessels and two tugs.
Nazi Troop Trains Blasted in Balkans
ROME, Aug. 26—(/R—Substantial enemy troop movements In Yugoslavia and Greece were attacked by Allied warplanes yesterday for the second successive day, but whether the Nazis were trying to get out of those countries following Romania’s surrender was not definitely known.
RAF Mustangs shot up four trains on the Zagreb-Banova Jaruga railline in Y ugoslavia, at least two of which were loaded with troops, and a motor convoy near Arta, Greece.
Thirteen enemy planes were destroyed in yesterday's Mediterranean Allied air forces operations. mast of them by American fighters escorting Fortresses and Liberators on a raid against two aircraft component factories at Brunn in Czechaslovakia and the Prastejov airdrome 20 miles northeast of
SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, AEF, Aug. 26.— (UP)—American armored spearheads were reported striking for the German border beyond Troyes and Reims today as Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's headquarters warned the people of Luxembourg and Alsace-Lorraine that Allied invasion armies may "very soon" roll through their lands into Germany.
Slashing almost unopposed through the rear of the disintegrating German armies in northern France, Lt. Gen. (ieorge S. Patton’s American tank columns were reported barely 10(1 miles from the German frontier after crossing the Marne river below Reims.
Headquarters announced that one American armored force broke into the railway huh of Troyes, 65 miles south of Reims, and about twice that distance from the Reich.
The Yanks fanned out beyond the city and, according to a still unconfirmed German report, raced northward tot Reims in a thrust pointed straight at Sedan and the forest of Ardennes where the German army broke through the French “hinge” in 1910 and won the battle of France.
Eisenhower broadcast to the French in Alsace-Lorraine, telling them to be ready for the anproaeh of the Allies, the British raadio said.
First word of the reported thrust into Reims came from German military commentators, who said the Americans crassed the Marne yesterday and lunged on 15 miles northward Into the cathedral town.
Allied headquarters refused to confirm the German report, but ii was admitted probable that Patton’s rough riders had turned north from
'War Near Alsace-Lorraine'-Ike
NEW YORK. Aug. 26.—<JP\—Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower broadcast an order today to the French in Alsace-Lorraaine bordering Germany telling them that already the’ are In th* *re*r area of military o«c»a<Ms” »n-l may *•*? be in th % theater •' the British wyj’.o said.
The order from Elsenhower’s headquarters, which also was addressed to the people of Fuxermbourg, said:
“The elimination of the German Seventh army as a fighting entity has decided the battle of France. The survivors of the Normandy battle, and and a handful of German divisions north of the Seine can at best fight a series of delaying actions on their retreat into Germany.
"The areas in which you live are already today In the rear area of military operations. Very soon they may become a theater af war."
Troyes over the excellent hard-surfaced roads running through Chacona, Epernay and Cnaleau-Thlerry into Reims.
The last official reports had placed the 3rd army spearheads at Sens, indicating the Americans had driven more than IOO miles in the past three days—a speed comparable to that attained in peace time maneuvers.
Capture of Reims would place the American armor within 50 mllei
Nazis' Von Kluge Reported Killed
STOCKHOLM, Aug. 26.—(PP—Field Marshal Gen. Guenther von Kluge, commander of the German armies on the western front, has been killed, the newspaper Dagens Ny hater said today on the basis of information received from Germany. (The report lacked confirmation in either Axis or Allied quarters.)
Circumstances of the reported death Here not Known here and the newspaper had no additional details. The 61-year-old Von Kluga succeeded Field Marshal lien. Karl Rudolph von Rundstedt on th# western front last July 6.
the entire northern France and the line of escape for the Nazi forces in southern and central France
Official sources confirmed the headlong flight of the German 15th army from the channel coast. anJ aerial reconnaissance reports said the main
of the Belgian border and completely outflank the German 15th army pulling back at top speed from the Dieppe-Amiens-Beauvais triangle
above Paris. . „
Coupled with the seizure of Troyes, which appeared to have fallen almost without a fight, the American breakthrough into Reims imperiled
German position In 1 — lf I
Seventh Smashes lo Rhone Valley
ROME, Aug. 25—(/Ph—The American Seventh army, in a smashing drive into the southern Rhone vaU | ley, has occupied Aries, Avignon and Tarascon, Allied headquarters announced today.
Briancon, near the Italian frontier at the east end of the southern France invasion operations, was seized.
Eriancon is in the Alps more than IOO miles north of captured Cannes. French troops have seized the naval arsenal in Toulon, the last bastion in that great naval base held by the Nazis, Allied headquarters announced.
The triumphant announcements meant that nearly all of southern France east of the Rhone river and south of Avignon and Briancon had been liberated from the Nazi yoke.
PARIS CELEBRATES—Frenchmen in Paris streets celebrate the entry of Allied troops into the French capital. This picture was received by radio from Cherbourg, trance. (AI Wirephoto from Signal Corps Radiophoto).
River on Rampage
EDINBURG. Aug. 2d— </P>—Flood waters of the Rio Grande, w’hich had claimed its first victim.—a Mexican—swirled higher irom Rio Grande City to Brownsville today while Hidalgo county Red Cross disaster officials announced that planes would patrol the high water areas to warn lowland residents in event of any break in the levees.
UP Bureau Reopens
Bx HENRY T. GORRELL
UNITED PRESS BUREAU. Paris, Aug. 26—(UP)—We brought dusty
typewriters out of hiding today and formally reopened Ute Paris bureau of the United Press at No. 2 Rue des Italiens.