Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 24, 1944, Abilene, Texas
News 'HA1UUS ILIMAJS. Cfje gbflene Reporter "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL, LXIV, NO. 68 A TEXAS HKWSPAPHI ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 24, 1944 -FOURTEEN PAGES Associated Prof (AP) United Preu PRICE FIVE CENTS Marseille Falls to French; Toulon Reported in Hands of Allies ROMANIA JOINS ALLIES Nazis Begin Shooting New Enemy at Once Resistance Unexpectedly Light NBW YORK, Auf. tonight quoted the radio At- lantik, secret German-language station, as saying that the port of Toulon was in Allied hands. There was no official confirmation. ROME, Aug. France's second city and greatest seaport, fell to the swiff onslaught of French infantry and armor today as American forces swept 140 miles land from the Mediterranean and captured Grenoble to ithin less than 240 miles of a junction with General Eisen- hower's legions below liberated Paris. Only eight days after the landings in southern France the inspired Poilus battered their way into the heart of Marseille against slight Nazi resistance and tonight were fleaning out pockets of last-ditch defenders. The unexpectedly easy capture of the great port insures the Seventh Army of Maj. Gen. Alexander M. Patch an adequate flow of supplies and reinforcements for speedy continuation of their thrust toward northern France. Prior An the city's fall, other French troops had cut the last escape route for the German garrison along the coast to the west. The encircled and doomed Nazi force in Toulon, big naval base 27 miles east of Marseille, was holding out tonight, ut French troops had fought their way within a few hun- dred yards of the docks and the city's fall was expected any hour. Matching the Trench victory in its spectacular quality was the. dash of American forces Into the big in- dustrial city of reckless drive that threatened to bi-sect Cance and trap every German sol- :r..ln. the western parts toe country. Triumphant American infantry and armor occupied salon, 25 miles northwest of Marseille, and contin- jed their advance with only slight opposition from the stunned and bewildered Nazis who claim they have been deserted by their air ferce. f It appeared that the two Al- lied fronts would be joined much sooner than was originally thought in a matter of days. Nazi resistance to the Allied Seventh Array's 9 smashing drive was officially described as "weak and disor- ganized." More than 17.000 pris- oners had been taken. In their dramatic dash to Gren- an important communications "enter of about population, Yank tanks and doughboys ad- vanced at least 80 miles beyond their last reported position. By night they were less than- 70 miles from the Swiss border near Geneva And virtually had severed commu- "nications between German forces in Prance and Italy. Enroute to Grenoble the flying column captured scores of towns, in- cluding Digue, Sisteron, Aspres, Gap, St. Bonnet and L'Argentlere, (J.ie latter only 14 miles from the Italian border. Only at Jigne, where It was held up for 13 hours, did the column encounter serious enemy re- sistance. There the Americans cap- tured Gen. Hans Schubert, a corps commander. Allied headquarters credited French Patriot forces with "playing an effective support role" in the actual capture of Grenoble. The city was the first one of importance to open its gates to Napoleon upon his tri- umphal return from exile on Elba 12fl years ago. From Grenoble the America a week after the landing on the beaches of southern In position to strike miles northwest to the great rail hub of Lyon and to throttle all ene- my efforts to escape up the Rhone valley into northern France. French forces battling their way in along the const from the east Cupled Hyeres and reached Le :det, four miles from Toulons- ha.rbor. As the bag of German prisoners soared past and more con- tinued to pour in by the hour, it was found necessary lo establish a fgular ferry service to Italy nnd jrslca to get them out of the way. American troops pushing west- ward from captured Alx-en-Pro- vence, 15 miles north of Marseille, advanced nine lies through Vclaux. Yank spearheads following the Dur- river westward were several miles beyond Cadcnet nnd only 28 from Avignon on the Rhone river. Sid T'cdcr, Associated Press war correspondent accompany- ing the American column which captured Grenoble, disclosed 9 that this striking force was slnmgly supplied with srlf-pro- pellcd artillery that kept pace with tanks and Infantry In the dash northward anil quickly smashed earh enemy attempt check the advance French Patriots Liberate Paris, Occupy Buildings LONDON, Auf. 23 Lt. Omar N. Bradley has order- ed some American units Into Paris, to work in sesjng the Patriot victory, It was disclos- ed tonight. LONDON, Aug. -French Patriot forces buttling In the streets as their forefathers did in 1789 have liberated Paris, the gay heart of Prance and historic symbol of free- dom, bringing to an end four years and two months of Nazi bondage. Gen. Charles De Gaulle's head- quarters announced today. With a great force of' American armored troops poised in an assault An eye-witness story of the capture of Paris may be found on Page 14, Columns one and two. arc almost half way around the capital. armed French Pat- riots, nided by several hundred thousand citizens who wielded what firms they could find, defeated the Nazi occupation forces in a four- day battle ending last night. The Patriots occupied all pub- lic buildings and arrested all Vichy government representa- tives who did not flee, said a fcrmai announcement signed by Lt. Gen. Josenh Pierre Koenig, commander of the French forces of the interior and newly-named military governor of Paris un- der Gen. De Gaulle. Around the London. New York, Buenos Aires, Algiers and .scores of other re- lease of the "city of light" from the NEW YORK, Aug. 23 Herbert Clark, blue network correspondent, radioed from somewhere in France tonight that German troops had been or were being evacuated from Paris. Tbe point of origin was censored. darkness of Nazi rule was hailed in ceremonies featuring the nlaying of 'The Marseillaise." historic anthem of liberty, and the raising of the trl-color of the republic. Church bells were rung in Tonrion and many other cities of England. Gen: De Gaulle already had con- ferred with the Allied supreme commander, Gen. Dwight D. Eisen- hower, on passible immediate re- sumption of French civil adminis- tration, and liberation of the capi- tal lent emphasis to rumors that President Roosevelt nnd Prime Minister Churchill might hold their next meeting there soon. General Koenlg wns expected to go to Paris tomorrow with his en- tire London staff, nnd he may join Gen. De Gaulle there, but it was pointed out. at General Koenig's headquarters in London that no at- tempt would be made to move n full civilian government nl organization into Paris until the Germans are cleared out of the entire area nnri the dnngcr of their return In force is passed. The fact tha.1 the liberation of Paris was accomplished by the French, and announced by them rather than by Allied supreme headquarters, may been part of Allied strategy lo bolster French confidence and empha- sivc to the world the resurgence Sec PARIS, Page 2, Col. 3 Armor Makes Major Gains Near Paris SUPREME HEADQUAR- TERS ALLIED EXPEDI- TIONARY FORCE, Thursday, Aug. ar- mor hammered out fresh gains south and southeast of Paris today while to the northwest of the fully in control of French Pa- and Cana- dians clamped 'a tightening stranglehold on remnants of the German, army still below the River Seine. Allied fighters and fighter bombers harried the Germans' frantic efforJs to withdraw across the river by any pos- sible means. The latest advance south of Paris saw armored reconnaissance units drive more than 15 miles east of Sens while others passed through Corbeil and Melun, and still others gained positions between Orleans and Sens. Chief prize in the drive on the lower reaches of the Seine was Evreux, which the Americans freed, while a parallel Yank advance near- ed Conches farther west. Resist- ance everywhere was light except where the Germans slowed the Canadian advance in the 45-by-30- mile pocket by blocking further bridgeheads across the Toques riv- er. (A Belgian communique said Bel- gian troops fighting beside the Al- lies had advanced 12 miles along the channel coast, overcoming stiff resistance as they fanned out above Deauvllle, but inflicting heavy los- ses on the Germans.) The main battle for France Is already declared Associat- ed Press Correspondent Hal Boyle, who wafcbcd U. S. tanks drive 15 miles cast of Sens to within 150 miles of the German border with no sign that the Germans were rallying for a stand. Truc.kloads of prisoners stream- ed back in the wake of the Ameri- can advance, but there was not a single smoldering enemy vehicle to Indicate the enemy had put up a determined fight, said his dispatch, riatelined "En Route To Berlin." Only swarms of German war- planes fought against this peril to the German border. Supreme headquarters lifted the cloak of secrecy only enough to report the thrust east of Sens, which is 65 miles southeast of Paris, and tn report the tight- ening nf the noose about tens of thousands nf Germans in the Seine river loop northwest of Paris. The Americans, driving from the south against these shattered rem- f nants of the Seventh army, seized Evreux in a nine-mile, advance. Evreux, one of the chief German anti-aircraft centers, is 15 miles from the Seine and only 19 miles southeast of where the Germans are ;rossing the .river at Elbeuf. An ever greater weight of attack wns being thrown into the battle southwest of Paris, with units of Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's Third Army driving through Corbeil and Melun, 15 and 25 miles below the capital. iThe Nazi Transoccan agency said Allied and German troops were locked "in the invasion bat- The liberation of Pnris was a feat performed by French Patriots as American armies thrusting on both iides of the capital forced the bulk of enemy forces inside the city to rice. There was no indication American forces had entered Paris. (CBs reported the second French wmorcd division had entered Paris, ind Reuters said strong American patrols were operating outside Ver. OUR NEW Allies received vital territory when Romania quit the Axis and joined their forces. Rich minerals shifted sides, including the Ploesti oil fields. It is expected the loss of airmen will be vitally reduced, since casualties in raids on Ploesti and over the shifted territory have been heavy. Re-lnfoi cements Pinch Bordeaux IRUN, Spain, Aug. American and French forces, re-inforced by troops landed last night from the sea, were reported by French authorities at Hendaye to be pushing steadily toward Bordeaux from both sides tonight. Frontline messages said Americans had reached Libourne, on the Dordogne river 15 miles northeast of the great Atlantic port of Bordeaux, which is the last center of German resistance in southwestern France. French military authorities at Hendaye, French border town, said 800 French commandos were among Allied forces that landed last night south of Arcachon, below Bordeaux. They said the French landed from a French destroyer. Exact she and composition of the force were not known here but border reports saiil it was mostly American. The French nt Hendaye snid aerial reconnaissance indicated the Germans had given up previous attempts to organize an armored column and fight their way northward to the Reich, and now appeared to be preparing to make some sort of stand nt Bordeaux. The Allied naval vessels that landed Ihe troops south of Arcachon continued lo aid them by pouring shells into Nazi camps as they steamed along the coast. There also were considerable Allied air activities over the area. Hendaye, which donned a gala dress for its own liberation yesterday, the formidable Nazi fortress of simply continued the celebration without interruption tonight in honor Lomza, 20 miles below the East Prussian h Reds Hammer To New Gains n Romania LONDON, Thursday, Aug. two-fisted So- viet offensive that knocked Romania out of the war roared through its fourth day yesterday, capturing Vaslui, 140 miles northeast of the Ploesti oil center, and top- pling the two big Bessarabian oastions of Tighina and Ceta- tea-Alba on the west bank of the Dnestr, and more than 400 nther towns. Disregarding developments 3n the political front, at least [or the present, the second and third Ukrainian armies deepened to as much as 60 miles the holes they have ripped in the German-Roman- ian defenses and advanced jvithin 161? miles of the capital :ity of Bucharest. Romania still was garrisoned with thousands of German troops, and the Russians were likely to con- tinue their lightning campaign to drive the Nazis entirely out of the country, regardless of what Ro- manian troops chose to do. Tlie Romanians were attempting to retreat, and fighting the Ger- mans In doing'so. an early morning supplement to the Russian com- munique said. Already large num- bers of Romanian officers and men have-been slain by the Germans who are trying to bar their retire- ment. Moscow said, even as the Soviet advance continued. While this campaign was hear- ing Us first (treat fruits In Jlo- manian surrender, the first Ukrainian army of Marshal Ivan S. Konev in southern Po- land lashed nut wosUvard and seized the My of Debica, a aircraft industry center and communications point fil miles cast of Krakow and Ifl miles cast nf Tarnow, next probable objective of the offensive. 70 :ow to the east. The flowering new offensive .lorthcast of Warsaw advanced the Russians to within eight miles of By TOM YARBROUGH LONDON, Thursday, Aug. mania announced last night that she was switching from the Axis to the Allied side in the war and a subsequent Soviet communique reported that shooting had broken out be- tween retreating Romanian and Nazi soldiers on the eastern front. Acceptance of armistice terms offered by the Soviet union, Great Britain and the United States was announced in a proclamation broadcast from Bucharest. The early morning Russian communique, recorded by the Soviet monitor from a Moscow broadcast, told of clashes oh Romanian soil between the Romanians, ordered by King Mihai .to cease hostilities against the Red army, and the Germans. Romanian prisoners were quoted as saying that the Ger- mans were firing on the Romanians and blocking their withdrawal. "A large number of Romanian officers and men have thus been said the communique, "in armed clashes between the retreating Romanian detachments and German frontier detachments in several places." A proclamation by young King Mihai, read over the Bucharest radio, said all hostilities against the Red army as well as Romania's state of war with Britain and America would cease "from this moment." Russian armies were stabbing into Romania to within 167 miles of Bucharest and threatening the Ploesti oil fields as the announcement went on the air. Romania, the king said, will fight "at the side of the Allied army and with their help." There was no immediate official confirmation of the royal proclamation by any of the three Allied nations, but London showed no inclination to doubt the the first crack in Hitler's Balkan structure. (Fnrtv minutes after the Bucharest radio announced Romanian acceptance of an armistice, the Mv radio drwepcthan omana towns between Debica and nzes- broadcast the news without comment, the iedcral Laval Requests the capital.) Supreme headquarters withheld from the world the progress of the American forces forging north across :he Seine northwest of Paris in an attempt to pin the battered sev- enth nnd 15th German armies against the sea. But the specil with which spearheads have been moving, and with the power of German arms sapped by llic Normandy beatinjjs, il was difficult lo see how an tfnemy stand eoiild he nrcanlrrd short of the StCRfrlod lino alonp Germany's western Sec rUENCJI WAR, Pf. 2, Col. Z NEW YORK, Aug. 23 The German Ambasador to Switzerland was reported by the secret German- language station radio Atlantik to- night to have asked the Swiss gov- ernment for asylum for Pierre Laval NBC recorded the broad- cast. Radio Atlantik, whose location never has been officially announc- ed said the Swiss government had not yet made any decision a.s this step was seen a.s an elfort to as- sure a haven for Fascist leaders even from Germany. There was no confirmation of the report in other quarters. Laval, chief of the government in the Vichy regime, was last declared in Svriis- frontier border reports to be virtually a prisoner of the Nazis In Belfort. New Plaht Planned ............_________ HOUSTON, Aug. sailles, 10 miles from the heart of 000 plant to process a vitamin-re- taining rice for use by the armed forces in the Far East will lie con- structed here by the Defense Cor- poration for the Finn Converted rice, a partnership owned by Gor- don L. Harwell of Houston and For- rest E. Mars, candy manufacturer. Divorce Granted LOS ANGELES. Aug. Actress Ronnie Edwards, fifth wife of playboy Tommy Mnnvillo. was Prussian border, and freed another 80 towns, the Russians announced. The Germans counter-attacked from the Warsaw suburb of Prnca, on the left flank of the Russian Police and fire depart-' operations, but the Soviet nique snlil the sharp losses. Other German counter-attacks were hurled in repeatedly in Latvia, where they were Ir.vin? to cslib- llsh n workable communication line with the two Nazi armies still semi- i.solnted In the north Baltic states. The Russians sni dlliey not only beat off the German assaults but I succeeded in improving their own positions. of the freeing of Paris. The entire region south of Bayonne, meanwhile, began to assume a near normal appearance. French civil officials worked swiftly to bring order out of the chaos left by the sudden departure of the Germans. Thc regular rationing system was continued. Police and fire depart- operaons, e ujniiiiu- ments stood ready to function if needed. The citizens gave representatives nique snlil (hey were driven off with of the French Committee of National Liberation every assistance in helping to speed the return to normalcy. Quick Collapse Of Balkans Seen LONDON, Aug. 23 The Bucharest radio announcement thnt Romania had accepted peace terms the same day of the news of the liberation of Paris signalled tt'haf. may become a quick coll.ip.se of the whole structure of Hitler's Europe, An apparent repercussion was the announcement, by the Bratislava ra- dio thnt the puppet government of Slovakia had "held a meeting nnd discussed urgent nnd that, "important decisions had been taken." There was no immediate disclo- sure of the "important but it was obvious a tremor wa.s .sent through that little central Euro- pean state by the nnnoanccmenl o! Romania's capitulation, Bulgaria appears to have missed the bus. She was in a preferred pos- ition among German satellites a.s far a.s pence was concerned because, unlike Homnnia, she never joined Germany's war against Russia. But she was appnrrntl.v still hr.sitntiiu; when Eucharrr.t. nctrd. Body of Suspected Slain Woman Found ORANGE. AUK. 24 body of a woman whom Deputy .Sheriff Louis York lu-tecl as Miss Wynona Holdcn, 27, of Covington, La., was found here today. Justice of the Peace J. P. Swain said thr wcmar, had been stranplnd to death. Marks, brlicvrd to hr fin- gerprints, were on the throat of thn woman, who apparently had bren eight or nine hours when she was found early this afternoon. The Weather cations commission said.) The Germans were left speechless by the development and several hours after the Romanian proclamation Nazi radio news services had said nothing about it. Prime Minister Churchill has been In Itnly fcr more than a week and presumably hail a hand in the events leading up to Romania's decision. On Aug. 2 Churchill told the House of Commons, "Russia has of- fered generous terms to Romania and I have no doubt that they will be accepted with urntRude by the Romanian people if cnly the Ro- manian lenders had not a Prussian automatic pistol pressed closely against their breast or nt the nape of their neck." That same day Foreign Secre- tary Eden snid Britain had concur- icd in the terms before they were offered. The nr.p.Mirar.vr or COMSIKRO: I kins's piJc'.imatlon in- dicated tbe terms offered Ro- mania were in routing tbe Herman forces from inside her borders and recovery nf Transy- lvania from Hungary, which was given fhr province Hitler In the Vienna award of August, 1910. "The United Nations have re- cognized the injustice nf da- laic of Vienna, under which Tran- slyvania was lorn trom the king said. "At the side of the Al- lied army and with their help we will cross" the frontiers unjustly im- posed upon us at Vienna." Interpretation in London of this phase of the king's proclamation was that Romania would not be ac- cepted at, an ally. but. as n cn-btlii- gercnt in the r.itPKory of Italy. KING MIHAI Sets An Example viriNiTV TCXAST i-; .nl rrlilav. Shn is in I R'linania Joined me AM.S .n 1 1040 and followed Germany war againy. Russia on June Tiniroitav I Six months later Flic entered I ROMANIA. ''aKc ml Convicts Escape GRANITE. Aug. 23 Two convicts leaped into a truck! driven by a trusty elo.se to Granite, reformatory today and all three sped south amid shots which appar- ently did not take effeot. Deputy Warden R. F. Mundy said. Warden Claude Moore led the TI.XAS: 1' ITMay. A granted a divorce today from Algcr- j hunt for the trio. The highway pat- noii K. Barbee, bottling company rcl wns converging Us cars in that owner after she testified lie wns abusive and once became angry be- .........j cause she wouldn't drink cham- Blankenship, Lnwton pagne for breakfast. and Clyde Lowe. arear of southwestern Oklahoma. Mnndy snid the three were Juliu Fred Newell l.isl lilclit: King Carol Happy Over Developments MEXICO CITY. Allfi. 5.1 Former Kins Card received joyfully tonight the news that his coim'.ry was nut of the Wnr. When he spoke the nnmo of his son. King Mihai. it was with warm emotion. With the points in King Mihai's proclamation before him, Carol wild he wn.s "very happy thnt my son listened lo tin: real sentiments of (lie people ami IMS pulled Romania out nt Ihe Wnr, Ihnt Uomnnla erases helnn mi enemy of the nations which I nlwnys hnvn been her friends." POOR ANGELINA NEW YORK. Aug. 23 Pretty Angelina Bruno knows she's .1 she. but .she can't con- viiwc she muriiagc license bu- reau. Angelina, 29, wrote the board of hciillh for her birth certifi- cate when she nnd Joseph Far- Klano decided to get married Sepl, 26. Erroneously, she was recorded on the certificate ns a innle. And male she Is. said the mar- rlaije license bureau, until prov- ed otherwise. So Angelina look- ed up census records for the year of her birth, to find they were incomplete Efforts to find the Catholic priest who baptised and cnnlinned her were unsuc- cessful. "Holy says the dls- trausht, Anaelina. "Can't they sec I'm ft Highway Blocked HAIirdSliURG. Ore.. Aug. -A feminine flagman on high- way construction Job decided It was too hot for overalls and donned a midrlfl-exposlnt; swim suit. Shortly (he state highway com- miKsiim sent out n representative to find out why traffic on the pn- cific highway was all gummed up.