Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 22, 1944, Abilene, Texas
gfotlene Reporter- WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH 1'OUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT MDRMIIG VOL. LXIV, NO. 66 A TEXAS NIWSPAPSB ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 22, 1944 PAGES Associated Proa (AP) Vnltet Frets IVJ-.) PRICE FIVE CENTS 3 French Cities Near Freedom French in loulon; Marseilles Neared ROME, Aug. troops have fought into Toulon, France's No. 1 Mediterranean naval base, and other Allied forces are sweeping down a broad highway within "me miles of Marseille, France's second city, Allied head- quarters announced tonight. Front advices declared the French troops which crashed into Toulon's northern and western sections at dusk yester- day were engaged in mopping up pockets of German re- Rstance within the naval stronghold, where the French fleet was scuttled in 1942. At the same time a swift American, infantry column, Jancing due north from Toulon, has enveloped the city of Valensole, 50 miles inland, and approximately a third of the to Lyon, and sent scouting columns fanning out into the Asse river valley, the Allied announcement said. American .troops and French Patriot forces which sur- rounded a German garrison in Pertuis, 41 miles north of Marseille, captured that town. The total of Nazi prisoners taken in the whirlwind invasion of south- Prance swelled to more than The momentum of the French drive on Toulon earned Maj. Gen. Jean de Lattre de Tasslgny's troops west of the naval base. Other Allied troops thrusting were reported approaching nine miles east of Marseille, at nightfall yesterday. French forces also made progress gfong the coast east of Toulon, where the Nazis had been offering their stiffest resistance. Naval forces joined ground troops in capturing Mont Eedon and the Hotel de Golf, about a mile from Hyeres, which the had made into a strongpoint. Preceding their smash into Tou- lon the French gained dominance of the Mont Faron just north of the city. American armored and infan- try columns, leaving the French to deal wil'h Toulon, spread oat in a. many pronged drive through the Durance valley norlh of Marseille and headed lor the great Rhone valley against crumbling enemy resist- One Tank unit was In the outskirts of Alx-en-rrovencc, keyYoad junnliqn 15 miles north of Marseille. American and French battleships jtood off the coast and slammed h W undreds of big shells into German iore batteries between the two big ports, capture of which would give the Allies two badly needed landing points for essential material snd supplies. The strength of the German holding Toulon was Known, but the fierce quality of the resistance being put up by the ene- my indicated the naval base was heavily garrisoned. The swiftness with which the Allies had fanned out into the hin- north of Toulon and Mar- seille had robbed the Germans of most of the important roads. The continued speed and effec- tiveness of the Allied operation was attributed in part to the almost absence of the Nazi air lorce, which was reported to have fewer than 70 bombers in all south- ern France. ns Soldier Vote Amendments JjDR Signs WASHINGTON, Aug. 21 President Roosevelt signed today the J-ldier vote law amendments relax- ing restrictions on the dissemina- tion of political news and opinion nmong members of the armed ser- vices. Spmsors said the effect of the wiendmcnts would be to open the for sale and distribution through Army post exchanges and Navy stores of nny newspapers, magazines and books in general cir- cs ann DOOKS m general en- oi culation among civilians within cn" ,be Published in this country the limits of available transports- within n few hours after they ongi- iintp at. fhu ViflHln t-Vin In the case of radio broadcasts, the only limitation applied is that If political speeches are abroad- cast to troops over government-op- erated stations equal time shall be flowed to any political party hav- Tlg a presidential candidate in six or more states. Merkel Officer Dies in France MERKEL, Aug. U. H. E. Addbon, 29, was killed August 1 In France, the War department today advised his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Pat Addiscn, Route 4. The mes- sage gave no details but stated a letter of explanation would follow. Lieutenant Addison was a grad- uate of Blair high school and had been in the Army eight years. He was with a cavalry unit at Fort Bliss prior to outbreak of the. war and Veceived. his commission at being advanced in rank arcamp'Maxey. He went overseas last January. A letter, the only one from M-ance, was received two weeks ago. Surviving are the parents; a brother, Pvt. James Addison, in the Aleutians; and three sisters, Mrs. J. c. Morton of Wichita Falls, Mrs. w. E. Fitzgerald of Merkel, and Mrs. .Glenn Abbott of Amarlllo. The husbands of the three sisters are in service, Seaman Second Class Horton being in the Seabees in the Solomons, Lieutenant Fitzgerald in England, and Private Abbott at the Amarillo Army Air Field. Navy Speeds Up News Transmission WASHINGTON, Aug. George W. Healy. Jr., of the Office of War Information asserted today that Navy plans for faster trans- mission of news of Pacific opera- tions indicate that naval authorities "are conversant with the need for beeping the American people in- formed." Healy, head of the domestic branch of OWI, has just returned from a tour of advanced Pacific bases as civilian adviser to the navy's public relations chief, Rear Admiral A. S. Merrill. Merrill disclosed that a central clearance and transmission base is being set up on Guam as an ad- vanced point from which news stcries and pictures will move di- rectly lo San Francisco. Weather and battle conditions icrmitting, the news nnd pictures nate at the battle scene, the Navy ;aid. The Weather f. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER nUREAU ABILFA'E AND VICINITY Cloudy with (howcrs and thunderstorms Tties- anrt Wednesday. EAST TEXAS Clnudy with showers Hid Ihundcrshnwers Tuesday, Tuesday and Wednesday: showers, heavy tday ami Tuesday Rf njr 1 per V south portion nlfht except mode..... urea: slrnng winds a reir-hintr -10 (o 30 mil oli mill die anil lower rna.U Ttirsilny. gradually diminishing H urine Wednesday. WEST TEXAS Parllv ctondv Tues- day unit Wednesday: itratlercd (ruindi-r- mostly In afternoon Mon, AM Sun. PI :n _ an., fin in 7- 1ft.. 7ft. R2. B.V JIB 02 !lft. n. m. UlKh J3J 78. HOUR Mo TM Sun. 7t Su rl-t id low IrmprrM pnd 7.V low nainft dale lait year: n kill: lonilhli Rtlft. Freed Soviet Women Want to Fight Nazis ST. MARS UE PREIERE, France, Aug. 19 Young Russian women political prisoners freed from a German camp where they were compelled to work 10 to 15 hours a day at heavy labor re- pairing bomb damaged railroads, volunteered immediately to go into the Allied frontline: as soldiers to fight the Nazis. Two hundred -and twenty women ranging from 15 to 74 years old and including 11 who bore children since their arrival four months ago were liberated from their camp hear tills small village northeast of If. Mans by the rapid advance of the American army. Only one Russian woman a doc- ior acepted the German invita- tion to retreat with them. Jeep Favored WASHINGTON, Aug. The House recognized today the fighting forces' love for tile Jeep, writing into the surplus war prop- erty disposal bill an amendment that would permit service men and women, and veterans, to buy this Iron-clad midget at "wholesale" prices. Soviets Make 20-Mile Hole In Nazi Line LONDON, Aug. Russian troops, wheeling northeast of Warsaw toward East Prussia, shattered a 20- mile section of the Axis de- fense line based along the railway to Bialystok today and Berlin said that other Soviet forces strong had opened the long-dormant Ro- manian front with an attack aimed at "crushing the whole of our Dnestr river positions." A Moscow bulletin said that Mar- shal Konstantin K. Dokossovsky's troops had captured 50 localities, including the rail stations of To- luszcs, Urle, Lchow and Zieleniec. One of these, Tuluszcz, is only 16 miles northeast of Praga, the east- ern suburbs of Warsaw. A Soviet reverse in western Lat- via, however, was acknowledged. The Russians abandoned Tukums, 33 miles west of Riga, in the Rus- sian-held corridor which for nearly a month has hemmed in possibly Germans fighting in East- ern Latvia and Estonia. Berlin said that the recon- Quest of Tukums, eight miles inland from the gulf of Riga, had resulted in the reestabllsh- ment of "temporarily lost con- tact1 with the stranded Nazi Baltic armies, but Moscow did not confirm this part of the German declaration. In eastern Latvia and Estonia two other Soviet armies were driv- ing swiftly toward Riga, their spearheads within 55 miles of that escape port. A total of 300 localities were taken in Estonia alone, the bulletin said. While announcing a single sue-J cess in Latvia Berlin went even fur- ther than Moscow in telling of So- viet triumphs in other key areas along a blazing front from the Baltic down to Romania. Nazi reverses northeast of War- saw were acknowledged, and far south of the capital the Russians were said to have thrown three bridgeheads across the Vistula river in a drive to outflank Warsaw and spear westward into German Silesia, last reported within 75 miles of So- viet units. The Russian bridgeheads are a t Warka, 30 miles south of Warsaw, at Kazimirez, 70 miles below the embattled Po- Hsh capital and only 28 miles east of the German stronghold of Kadom, and in the Sando- mier sector, 100 miles from Warsaw, the Germans said. Moscow has acknowledged thus far only Sandomierz bridgehead, and the late bulletin said north of that fallen stronghold the Russians had improved their positions after wiping out the remnants of three trapped German divisions on Sun- day. The bap was Germans killed and captured, a total of Moscow said, in addition to large quantities of equipment and supplies. Koenig Named Hurricane Moves Into Gulf; Due To Strike Today By The Associated Press The South Texas gulf coast, happy hunting ground for hurricanes, brac- ed itself for a tropical disturbance of moderate intensity located about 275 miles southeast of Brownsville and expected to strike the coast be- tween the mouth of the. Rio Grande and Corpus Christ! sometime today. A severe hurricane, termed "dang- erous'' by the weather bureau's storm warning service, entered the Caribbean sea, was to cross the tip of the Yucatan peninsula today and enter the Gulf of Mexico. The Carib- bean disturbance is of full hurri- cane force and is increasing in dia- meter. At p. m. (cwl) last night its center was located about 190 miles east southeast of Cozumel island off the Yucatan coast and was mov- ing west northwestward at a rate of 16 miles per hour. Property owners of cities be- tween Brownsville and Corpus Christi, scarred and scared by previous hurricanes, began boarding up. Earlier yesterday priorities for lumber to do this was granted by H. J. Corcoran of the War Production board after he had obtained permis- sion from Washington by tele- phone. The order includes the entire Texas coast. Planes and men by the hundreds were evacuated from gulf coast training fields, and many were rushed to Waco's Blackland Army Air Field. The first gorup to arrive in Waco came from the Matagorda, AA9P Training command. Poster field at Victoria was preparing to house and feed men from three sub- posts while planes will fly from pre-arranged posts inland. Skeleton crews were to remain :at the fields during the expected storm and buildings, of light construction, were braced with cables.- Farmers of the Rio Grande valley feared the storm, even if it did not exceed the anticipated 5o miles per hour velocity, would do severe dam. ago to citrus crops' and vegetables worth millions of dollars. Crops are ready for harvesting now. Disaster agencies and civilian defense corpsmen of Brownsville were under standby orders, and public buildings and hotels, con- sidered storm proof, were pre- pared to shelter, citizens, some of whom were evacuating cnas- tal points. Three observers from the regional weather bureau at Fort Worth left by plane Monday for Galveston, Corpus Christi and Houston to watch the two stonirs. The south Texas disturbance, approximately 50 miles per hour, was well under hur- ricane velocity, or 75 miles per hour. However, late reports said it was increasing in intensity and spreading in diameter. Laredo, far inland, reported heavy showers and Aranasa Pass reported squalls and dropping barometers. Brownsville, severely damaged by a hurricane in 193, feared its municipally-owned utilities could not weather even a See HURRICANE, Page 3, Col. 2 Office Opened NEW YORK, Aug. 21 les Michelson, the Democrats' chief publicist in the last three presiden- tial campaigns, opened an office today in the Democratic national LONDON. Aug. A broad- cast by Radio Bretagne said tonight that Gen. Charles De Gaulle had named Gen. Joseph Pierre Goenii? commander of the French forces of the interior as, military governor of Paris when the city is liberated. Radio Bretagne is a French station operated by the French committee malning with the committee as as- of national liberation. committee headquarters in the hotel Biltmore. Micholson was succeeded by Paul Porter as the national committee's publicity director last January, re- sociato director. End of War in Sight, Montgomery Asserts SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITION- ARY FORCE, Aug. troops were en- veloping revolt-torn Paris tonight with armored claws which passed over the Seine both northwest and southeast of the city and reached toward the rocket coast and the Marne battlefields of the first World War. "The end of the war is in declared Gen. Sir Ber- nard L. Montgomery. Allied field commander, as he spurred the four armies driving the mauled Germans to destruction against the Seine river barrier northwest of Paris and onto the plains of France beyond. Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's tank columns crossed the Seine in the area of Fontainebleau, 35 miles southeast of Paris and were in position to wheel about the capital and strike for the old World War battlefields against resistance which last was reported weak. Heavy fighting raged on the firm bridgeheads which he planted on the east bank of the Snine at Mantes, 25 miles northwest of Paris, indicating that the German 15th army- last great enemy force still in had been brought to battle. The destruction of this army, guardian of the rocket coast now only 90 miles north of Patton's bridgehead, is the next order of business on the Allied agenda for sending the German nation crashing to defeat. The enemy fought back fiercely too before Vernon, 15 miles north- west of Mantes where Patton's tanks cruising along the Seine's west bank are running into the Germans falling back from the disasters in Normandy. The enemy must stand here or risk having his Seine ap- proaches lopped off. In the area of Versailles, western gate of Paris, and along a new Al- lied front of 20 miles southeast of the capital, (lie resistance was neg- ligible, underscoring Montgomery's message to his troops today that their' victory in northern France Allied Cruisers Shell Bayonne IRUN, Spain, Aug. 21 Three Allied light cruisers shelled German defenses at Bayonne before dawn today for more than an hour, and when they departed, heavy ex- plosions could be, heard as the Ger- mans apparently went about the destruction of their ermaininn for- tifications there. The fortress wall south of Bay- onne is reported no longer to exist, for the Germans were said to have pulled out last night, leaving their defense works In ruins. Meanwhile, an American motor- ized column was reported 165 miles northwest of Bayonne and about 130 miles south of Nantes on the j Loire river, after passing through' Angouleme on the route to the Spanish border without encounter- ing any enemy resistance. The Am- ericans were said in border re- ports to have received joyous wel- NOT SECRET first glance this looks like a super-cannon, but it is merely a pipe section, part of a bomb blasted German factory in a French town taken by the Allies. WITH THE CANADIAN ARMY IN FRANCE, Aug. 21W) Menni. commander of the German 87th Infantry di- vision, who was captured today by Canadian troops remarked dryly to his escort as he was taken to Canadian headquart- ers: "You think you are and we think yntl arc too." wns "definite, complete and deci- sive." The arrival of Gen. Charles De Gaulle at Cherbourg indicated that the fall of Paris itself could not be long delayed. "There will be many surpris- es in store for the fleeing; rem- nants." Montgomery said, and the official silence I'loaldilfr op- erations In the Mantes bridce- head and arnmul Paris kept the harried German command KUessim; what (licsc surprises ,.________ mlslil be. comes in French villages American patrols raced lo Cor- which they passed. jbeil, Melun and Fontainebleau. 15, The shelling of Bayonne took. 25 nnfi 35 miles southeast of Paris, place after the cruisers patrolled the j Sunday in position to wheel north- coast soutli of. Burcieaux in an evi- i east around Paris, strike for the dent attempt to feel out German j German frontier, or smash east and defenses. Only light fire was drawn i sever all German communications from batteries near Bayonne. to southern France. The fo" lifted as the cruisers ap- i Only 55 miles northeast of them preached" and their progress was: lay the Manic city of Chateau- plalnly visible from the Spanish Thierry, bloody for coast They shelled the coastline nntrl-ri American c x n cditlonary methodically and from splashes in in the first World War. and watecit was evident .ho Ger- 75 .ml M miles beyond were the hijs ns were retm-ningVlleii- five. No battlefields of and s were observed, however. where0 the Stamford Receives First Cotton Bale STAMFORD, Aug. B. Doty, who lives on the Boss Sha- iian farm, 15 miles .southwest of Stamford, brought in the first bale of cotton ot the 1944 crop here, ft was Rinncd by the C. A. Douthit sin Monclav afternoon. Pulled cotton, it i wcigncS pound, and .mounted to 520 pounds of lint. The bale .sold j for treaty (hat ended the- first World War was written in the hall of mirrors. Versailles Is 10 milrs from the heart of Paris. They met travelers from Par- is, .some on hlcvrles, ivho said that onee more the tricolor flejv over parts of the capital along with Allied fines for the first timr since the Germans march- ed in four vrars ago to mark the downfall nf France. Jap Mariana Death Toll Set at By the Associated Press The Japanese known death toll on their three lost Mar- ianas islands was raised to with the Navy's announce- ment last night that 981 additional dead were reported in. mopping up operations. American dead through Aug. 17 totalled in the bat- tles for Saipan, Tinian and Guam, the Navy announced. The Japanese death toll, in- cluding those killed during mopping up operations for the period Aug. 11-17: Saipan, Guam, Tinian, The American casualties: Ealpan, killed. 13.054 wounded, missing: Gunin, killed, wounded, 325 mUslug; Tinian, 155 killed, 1.526 wounded, 24 missing. The Navy ssld Japanese soldiers are still being dug from jungles nnd hideouts in the .northern end of Gunm. The announcement also reported another bombing and strafing raid against airfields on in the Kurile islands August 19. New American blows against Jan- Jail Fight Puts Man in Hospital! Seriously Hurt As a result of a fight In the city jail Friday night William McMa- han. 27, 1141 Pine, was charged with assault, with intent to kill Luther Collins, by County Attorney Dan Abbott Monday. McMahan. arrested on charges of nnV'dwii'idllns: war and" merchant I drunkenness Friday, was Jilaced in a cell with Collins, 3C. who had served about six days on a drunk: fine. About p. m., Collins was henrd calling for help by military police who reported to civilian of- ficers. He was found hurt, and ap- parently In serious condition. He suffered severe concussion and an open wound on the head. McMahan welched about 220 pounds, police said. Charges were filed in Justice ot the Peace W. J. Cunningham's court, pending investigation by the SC'.itcmber grand jury. Marseille, Gate to Rhone Valley Route streets where from behind barri- cades generations of Patriots have foucht. tyranny machincgims fleets were reported officially yes- terday as the harassed Nin'poncse surveyed the wreckage left in vital Industrial sections of their home- land by Superfortresses. Striking into the sea area east of IIoiickonfT. an American Lib- erator bomber from a China base, sanff a Jap- anese cruiser. Thr warship went down within sight of the Yank fliers after three direct hits. The U. S. Navy, reporting for (lie first time in 11 days on submarine warfare, lold of the sinking of 10 additional Japanese ships. The lat- est victims were a light cruiser, an escort vessel, a larue tanker and 16 carco-transport and cargo ships. Since the start of hostilities the silbmersiblcs have deslroved, proba- bly sunk or damaged 358 Nippon vessels of all types. Definite sink- lies Include 50 combatant shins. Bombers of the U. S. central and southwest Pacific commands blast- ed many Japanese islands ranging from the Marianas on (he north lo, the Moluccas on the south. lal at p. m. A 205-ton hombload was dropped Mr. McCali, Santa. Fe railroad on Hnlmahrra and Bocroe, west of ireinht. conductor, was emerging New Guinea. Tt was the heaviest from the caboose of the train to raid on Hiilmehera to date. There im-cstiqp.te a hotbox on one of the was no Japanese interception as i cars when lie .'topped into space. American bombs demolished ware-1 He was injured internally and suf- housc.s and stalled fires and ex- fered a broken back. The body was taken by the Wells Trainman Fatally Hurt in Night Fall SWEETWATER, 21 (SpD Dropping Into space as his train halted on a 40-foot trestle, Tom .McCali. RX. of Hlaton, was fatally Injurrd 2 a. m. today near finydcr. He died In the local hospi- before. German plosions. Eight grounded planes mschincffims were- mowinu down were or damped at noe- I funeral home tonight to Slaton for demonstrators, the travelers 'service. 'DNB. (he German news agency, said American reconnaissance forc- j es were in the Paris suburbs.) The proportions of the Argcntan disaster were growing at the hour. A freighter was linrobrd off Mindanao, southern Philip- pines. Two cargo ships were sunk near Sclahes. Central Pacific h n in lie r s Finn Conservatives Work Against Peace 10.000. At least 10.000 more were believed still in.sldr the pocket. It was announced Unit In thn 21 'niton sweep which hauled up before Pari.1: a total of Ger- wrr" knocked out of 11.02.1 lulled captured and 48 QOO wounded. Absentee Ballot Deadline Today Balloi.s cast for the second Demo- cratic primary totalled 15.1 laic Monday with todav thn deadline for absentee vollns, Vivian Fryar, coun- ty clerk, said. This, Is in contrast lo Iho 364 voles cast for the first primary; how- ever, 301 applications for ballots were received, less than half of which had been returned. Hallots postmarked before midnight. he counted in the- totals, Miss Fiyar said. raids on the .Japanese homeland factions were icportcd to Sunriav. The Initial hit was the first jn essence "Allied suc- tlaylisht attack on Japan-proper i cesso., in Hie west are entirely in since the daring Doollttle airmen bom bed Tokyo In Ami] 1942. The 20th ail' command communi- que said "four planes were repoit- ed lest due to enemy action." Fight- er opposition was relatively strong Sen PAClriC. Piifin 3, Ci.l. 3 [lie Finnish favor. It betters our position because it is restoring a balance of power between the An- glo-Americans and the Russians. If we continue to hang on we are like- ly to a better peace." New Nazi Plane NEW YORK. Aug. 21 A dispatch wlrclosied from Berlin for use in the Army newt-paiMM Front- smul Helmat mid today that a Ger- man fniir-cnslno bomber, the HE- 177, known as Ilio already had seen action in bombing attacks on British ports. The bomber was described as hav- ing a 10'1-fool, wing spread, 2400 horsepower and "double wheels of 'special thickness." Dutch Help Fight In Northern France NEW YORK, Aug. 21 Dutch troops are fighting in north- ern Franco and one infantry unit gained 12 miles today, the official Netherlands news agency Aneta re- ported tonight in a dispatch from Normandy. The account said a number of prisoners were taken and several villages liberated by the Dutch ad- vance under Maj. Anton Paesscns of Nijmcscn, Holland.