Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - August 20, 1944, Abilene, Texas
•ssB'M ®he Abilene Reporter
S xrs^i rn \r’^nm VY \r
VOL. LXIV, NO. 64
A TEXAS 2—ld* NEWSPAPER
••WITHOUT OR WI rn OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKI 71 Cli YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COr.S/-Byron-
-----20. 1944-THIRTY-SIX PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Assacu Pre* 'AP,
uni lei Pf* (Vt.,PRICE FIVE CENTS
Swiss Say Allies Fight in
ROME, Aug. 19—(AP)—Hard-driving French tanks today led the American Seventh Army into St. Maximim-le-Ste. Baume, only 25 miles northeast of Marseille and 22 miles below the vital road hub of Aix-en-Prbyence, as the Allies outflanked the great Toulon naval base in a broad enveloping movement headed swiftly towards the Rhone river val-
Less than 350 airline miles separated the forces in southern France from those in the north as they moved rapidly ahead
■ • • TSS
union that would split France in two longitudinally.
Announcing the latest 10-miles-a day gain against German opposition that was “considerable” at some places but feeble at others, Allied headquarters said the bag of captured Germans now had passed 10,000 and identified the second German general captured as Gen. Ferdinand Nettling, commander of the 62d reserve corps.
The French operating new American-made tanks, drove into St.
Maxlmfn by teai-;rPogging the tired American Infantry aho had carved
a ^ot’hrr American forces shot out northward to the vicinity of Grasse.
elal,Smiles nortliwest of Cannes, and La Bastide. 23 miles northwest ct FORMER ROME pannes thus deepening up to 30 miles their solid foothold along mon military gov
•Than 56 miles of the curring French Mediterranean shores on which #
they landed Tuesday. _
An Allied staff officer said the
Jap Defenses Nazis Launch In Wide Area |f$ uin In City Struck Anew
By the Associated Press
Increasing American con-1 cern in China's long and bitter fight to repel the Japanese was reflected today in President Roosevelt s decision to dispatch two emissaries to China for important talks with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek.
Further aerial attrition assaults on Japanese shipping in the Molucca straits area I was reported by Gen. Douglas MacArthur. Palau in the western Carolines was bombed hard.
SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Aug. to—(AP)—Speedy American reconnaissance patrols stabbed nearly into the suburbs of I ans >es-torda\ and columns of the American Third Army reached the Seine river 25 miles west of the French capital as the Allies fashioned a tremendous knockout bion against
German armies iii France. _
Explosions and fires shook and seared Paris as the Germans apparently hastened ruthless demolitions preparatory to abandoning the city without a fight.
The Swiss radio said American forces already were in the Paris suburbs. Allied sources did not confirm this, bu* they put patrols of Lt. Gen. George S. Patton’s Army very near, and truck-borne doughboys were shouting, Paris next.
British papers all headlined reports that the Americans , were in Paris, but all were quoting German or neutral rumors without confirmation.
Destruction of the German ame Paris, remained the Allied goal, and t The Falaise gap, where much
not the immediate liberation of
his was speeding on apace, f the German seventh army was lied off entirely, and the
Nazis in Italy To Fight It Out
FLORENCE. Aug. 19.—(/Pl—Allied
Germans were withdrawing so rapidly that they were unable to accomplish their usual demolitions.
An example was at a crossroads outside Hyeres, nine miles east of Toulon, where French commandos seized German gun positions on a
dominating hill after circling 15 _
•dies through the mountains. The • patrols feeling out the Germans LONDON. Sunday, Aug. 20 —(/P>— surprised 160 Germans manning] fnund them sitting in their Gothic ' yesterday advancer 6-inch guns, and turned over Une t(xJay and apparently deter- R(d aim> 1 ' .
to American tanks and infantry the mjned t0 fight it out despite French] ed up to lo miles in thrusts lmper-
* and American landings in southern ming Lomza France which threaten to seal off one of their best escape routes.
There was no perceptible loosen
mer military gov
children arc Rosemary, 19, (seated at right) and (standing, left to right) Jake, 13, Harry Jr., 17, and Richard, ll. (AP Photo from Army Air Forces).
Soviets Make New Break
jected ’‘new world order.”
Domei news agency said imperial j Japan, deep in deliberations on postwar problems, planned the ere- I adon of three regional blocs of nations, east Asia, Europe and the Americas.
“Leader nations” for each bloc I would be responsible for promot-
principles of OF CHARTRES, 8:10 p. rn., Aug. 19
Second Armored Clog All Roads
ON the road to paris east
position overlooking the last town east of Toulon.
It was on that coastal stretch that •he most determined German opposition was being met. •
The Toulon garrison, however, already was outflanked by the American-French drives farther north. One of these took La a Rpquebrussanne, 14 miles north * of Toulon, and another Scllies-Font, six miles northeast. Another five miles west from Sollier-Pont would put Lf. Gen.
and Qstrow-Mazo-wiecki, German bastions guarding
ital said the Russians there were awaiting an announcement of the first Soviet crossing into Reich territory in 30 years.
the lower East Prussian border , northeast of Warsaw, while Bering of the enemy lines anywhere lin said lhat another powerful So-from Pisa on through Florence and eastward to Adriatic shore.
Allied patrols, splashing through rain which prevented more im-1
Gen. G. F. Zakharov’s White Russian army began the new drive between Warsaw and the southern border of ast Prussia,
on the eastern rim of East capturing 80 localities, Hie bulletin
said. Curving around below the
viet army had punched out a "breach in major depth' in Nazi
army the Os
and northeast of Praga, suburb of I Warsaw. Rofcpssovsky's troops im- ! proved their positions after repuls- i ing bitter German counterattacks J second ] 0,i their lines from seven to 12 miles from Praga.
Ing the "three basic neighborliness, jonit
. . , , defense and
' wheeling movement between reclproral economy.*
Dstrow sector and Warsaw. East ^ ^ AU|f<| alrrraft
hammered Japanese defenses
They already were than 30 miles east of Marseille, with Toulon one of the two big prizes on the Mediterranean French coast.
There still were no official reports of any movement of substantial German units toward the battle zone.
On the east of the beachhead front the Germans announced thev had abandoned Cannes, but official
«formation at Allied headquarters ideated the eastern front was relatively stable and there was no word of entry into that one-time resort of the rich.
british Fly Aid To Warsaw Poles
t ^ -
portant operations, probed deep j Russian pincers movement Wi na marshes one column seized
into enemy positions in the upper1 Gennany>s exposed eastern pro- Kuiomija, only 13 miles from Lom-
. vince waa launched by two Rid za, and 38 miles west of Bialystok,
I armies totalling 300.000 men, sup- ; the Soviet oftowive base
Another column striking southwest In a 10-mile advance captured Czyzewo, 45 miles beyond Bialystok and only 16 miles of Ostrow-
Arno river valley and in the Adriatic sector.
"a, ' 4 .. X* Oatwp* mon on an Sporadic gusts of artillery fire )orted bv strong tank and war-
MerTc^oastal plain across which they swept the front, and the enemy ssnt ))lane formation6j Berlin said. The flbnld move a dozen miles to the oul his own Palrcls to tn t0 1(>a "Main center of lighting-’ was near ^ cutting Off Toulon entirely, what fresh adventures his foe was; the £ast pruSsian-Lilhuanian
ronnrted less 1 contemplating, reported less | ^ M gnipers were cleared
! frontier, the Germans said.
from the central part of Florence.
Field Marshal Albert Kesselring is believed manning his mountainous northern Italian positions with 12 divisions about half his original strength.
One hundred miles below Warsaw, on the western side of the Vistula river. Marshal Ivan S. Konev’s first Fkraine army tightened its hold on three pocketed German division* bv cap-trriT? seven localities, and also smashed enemy attempts to break through to their rescue, the bulletin said.
The intensity of the struggle of
from the Volcano Islands, 750 miles from Tokyo, deep Into tile Molucca straits where Gen.
Douglas MacArthur says enemy supply has been seriously crip-
’ —- Nlmitz reported positions cannot now be jli.M lo*od.
(/pl Speedy reconnaissance patrols
of the American Third Army stalked nearly to the suburbs of Paris today against surprising lack of opposition.
Six-wheeler reconnaissance moved so quickly, and the surpu element was working so will, that j British
tances a few hundred yards from I the Seine in the Mantes area, the I German communique acknowledged that Patton’s forward elements al-! ready had fought to both Mantes and Vernon, 30 and 45 miles downstream from Paris.
This would envelop the Germans in an area roughly 55 miles square between the Eeine, the sea, the
LONDON, Aug. IO.—(I —The Foiled Nations radio at Algiers asserted tonight that “there are reports" French forces of the Interior xtere in control of Vichy and had established their own courts there.
Be ides .shooting up everything in sight, these armored patrols are the Irving eyes of the army that is preparing to spring a knockout blow
Adm Chester W. t
bombing raids on Two in the Volcano island on Wednesday while other aircraft hit Rota and Pa nan islands In the Marianas and I nu in the Carolines. *
MacArthur'* bombers wiped out again.st the Germ. at least 14 aircraft, nine of them In an air oattle in the Amboina-Ceram area of the Moluccas, and sank or damage three enemy merchant shiDS, one of them in Davao
and Canadians and th* Anteri, ans, with a peiilous crossing of the river as their only hope of escape.
d all the
LONDON. Aug. 19 —(/PT— Great •res raged in Warsaw when RAF heavy bombers — implementing British policy to help anyone who fights the Germans — roared over j Drogram* wuT'ccrisist almost entire
or IHS find HITI mill'll- i _ n _ 1 •. _ a. ____
Texans in Invasion On Aug. 28 Radio
AUSTIN, Aug. 19 —(ZP)— Texans on the fighting front in France will broadcast back home in a program the night of Aug. 28, arranged by the United War Chest of Texas.
Wayland D. Towner, general manager of the war chest, announced that the program will be carried by all three Texas radio networks and by independent stations from 9:30 to IO p. rn. A week from Monday.
Towner said that the 30-minute
ly of short-waved interviews with Texas service men abroad. Larry Allen, Associated Press war correspondent, will tell of his experiences ( public the exchange of messages in a Nazi prisoner of war camp. |-----
and dropped guns and ammuni tion to Patriots fighting the occupation forces in the Polish capital, it vCas disclosed today.
The planes, 21 of which already have been destroyed by Nazi gunners within the city, flew from Mediterranean bases on a 1.750-mile roundtrip flight — a perilous adventure which Britain undertook although her Russian ally is at Warsaw’s outskirts.
While there is no official com- I ment, British policy appears to be i WASHINGTON, Aug. 19 —(ZP)— the answer to the anomalous sit- President Roosevelt announced late
Moscow’s communique was silent about the western Lithuanian front where Gen. Ivan Cherniakhovsky’s third White Russian army Thursday reached the East Prussian border, but dispatches from the Soviet cap-
King Promises Aid In Pacific Battle
WASHINGTON, Aug. 19 —(ZP)— King George VI of Britain has assured President Roosevelt that British forces will make an "increasingly power contribution” to “the cerning utter defeat of Japan.”
President Roosevelt replied that the American conquest of the island of Guam is "another long step in the relentless march to Tokyo" and he welcomed the increasing strength of British forces in the Pacific.
The State department today made
Mazowiecki. Czyzewo Is on the Bial- the P bsh plains and along tn** ------ ^ ^ southern Philippine
ystok-Warsaw railway, end also is East Prussian border apprest he. - .
a junction on a highway junction was evident in Moscow s announce-
linking Lomza and Siedlce.
ment that the Germans lost 203
Tile town of Smolevo, 15 miles more tanks and 48 planes in Fn-south cf Ostrow, also was captured day’s fighting. This" made a total in this drive which is linked up of 1,084 tanks and 383 pianos lost with Marshal Konstantin K. Ro- by the Ngz,is in a week, Moscow kossovskvs’ first White Russian said.
GERMANY REPORTS LAVAL AND AIDES OUT OE PARIS
LONDON, Aug. 19—(ZP)—Vichy’s tions
An oilfield near sarong at the western tip of Dutch sew Guinea was bombed. Numerous airdromes were cratered along Japan’s lengthy southern <*e-fenses.
The Japanese reinforced then troops occupying Hengyong. impor-taut Hun all province rail center which the Chinese are striving to retake, and were shifting considerable Strength westward in an ap-I parent push toward Kweilin, pro-I visional capital of Kwangsi pro-i vin ce.
Japan’s overland supply route from Hankow was endangered, how-I ever, by Chinese drives against I Kigmc u Nippon strong point 55 I miles northeast of I chang in Hu-
nd supplies Normandy
The operations are spr way from Orleans to tire east o Dreux and are growing in inagni tilde al column upon column of re colmars." a nee cars, tanks, and truck laden with tree the roads act Brittany.
The force I am with today to have covered more territoi the 74 days since June C other armored outfit in til
Bac k in Chart rn our troop ed up final German rest capture of moi era during the day.
“The final rounduv I night and we had 800 Heinies h I a. rn.” said Capt. William Clarke Warsaw, Iud.
ory in j than any j U. 6. I
clean-1 nee with than 1,000 pn.' unaided last 9 >f
chief of government Pierre Laval, German Ambassador Otto Abetz, and Nazi officials have fled Paris, and Axis forces are fighting Amer
In tin1 Burma theater, Gen. Joseph Stilwell reported that despite
"It is not the enemy's aim to Inlrnse heat and monsoon rains Construction OI lid laioi ' u-
the French capital by lilied troop* were keening up an four-engine cargo planes i. being
Capt. Ludwig Sertorius. Trans-ocean military commentator, guess ed
Vultee to Curtail Fort Worth Work
SAN DIEGO. Calif
FDR Sends Nelson, Hurley to China
Texan Bails Out, Captures German
ican tank spearheads south of the French German Transocean news agency
somewhere forced marches.” Instead, he said. adVanct' of one mile a day. pushing discontinued at th
ON THE FRENCH-SWI SS FRONTIER. Aug. 19.—(A3)—
Pierre Laval arrived at Belfort at noon today and Marshal Retain was expected there during the night, according to frontier reports tonight.
capital, the the Americans were trying to throw j Japanese southwestward from a series of loops around the Nazi | Mogaung toward Mandalay.
In southern France the Allies j were pushing forward with “notice-| ably increased’ pressure, the commentator said.
•a tion. for the nearby Russians have uisavowed Gen. Bor’s forces in Warsaw as creatures of the Polish gov-ernment-in-exile in London, which the Soviet union refuses to recognize.
The British, South African and Mulish crews have flown IOO bombers on these missions, not only facing the hazard of German night fighters but coming in over Warsaw low and slow in order to drop the badly-needed arms accurately <#ud offering easy targets for ground gunners.
today that he was sending Maj. Gen. Patrick J. Hurley and Donald M. Nelson on a mission to China to discuss military supply, military and economic problems with Generalissimo Chiang Kai shek.
They will leave shortly and be in J China several months.
Nazis Have Sixty Balkan Divisions
BARI, Italy, Aug. 19 —(ZP)— A
German force cf fewer than 60
divisions, most of them far under
strength, is holding the entire Balkans, including the front facing
, .. . „ Russia, in examination of the most
a German storm trooper he cap- direct thrust of these American rpnm.. r_,irhlnH thu nu.
forces on Paris is not on at this ncent repoits reaching im.
A U. S. NINTH AIR BASE IN FRANCE, Aug. 19
The pro-Axis Vichy government also is thinking of leaving that capital, the broadcast said, and added FORCE ‘it is possible this transfer may al-(/Pi—- ready be in progress.’’ Further de-
Capt. Frederick Holbrecht of Bee- tails on the plight cf Vichy nervine Texas, a Thunderbolt fight- sonnet were promised by Monday er bomber pilot who parachuted out The American tank thrust south of a crippled plane behind the ene- of Pari, is a "reconnaissance move-my lines, has returned safely with ment,' the Berlin radio said. "A
Navy Shutting Down Program in I exes
DALLAS. Aug. 19 —(ZP)— Commander Barry Holton, In charge of
14 naval Hight preparatory schools in Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Alkali.1 as and Louisiana, said today "our phase of the war is over and we are clearing the decks.”
Sept. 15, he said. “Is the final date for shutting down our pro-i grom.”
tured . - A ^ . . . .
Holbrecht said that as he was moment.” ening post indicated toda>.
running for cover he was sighted With their armies admittedly in The Germans have strung out two
General Hurley has been a spe- i by the German non-commissioned flight west of Paris and with last . f .. mimbpr
cial emissary aboard for the chief officer. Unarmed, he yelled "Ach- nights frank German war minis-
executive for several years. Nelson’s tung!,” the only German word he try statement that "we must be mountainous mil'. bf v, ta In place as chairman of the War Pro- | knew, and pretended to cover the prepared for a German ^withdrawal , Black sea and Krakow in P land.
LONDON. Aug. 19 —(ZF) - Sir Henry Joseph Wood. British maestro whose aim was “democratizing 'lie message of music.” died today before he could see an orchestia hall which a grateful nation was subscribing to honor his 50 years with a baton. He wa* 73.
auction board will be filled during his absence by vice chairman Charles E. Wilson.
German with a gun. The German from France,” It was obvious that Di>.)ersed about a dozen divisions dropped his rifle, raised his hands the Nazi high command still was
trying to determine Allied inten-
and came along meekly.
GOLDEN PALOMINO TO TAKE FIRST BOW IN SHOW
Golden Palomino horses — some of the most beautiful in the country — will take the first bows at the West Texas Fair, scheduled here for Sept. 1-9.
•The Texas Palomino Horse shew will be the top feature for the first four days of the fair, which opens before the grandstand — free to the public, slated for .Friday evening, Sept. I. Saturday evening,
today afternoon, and Monday eve-Sg.
Fifteen trophic and approximately $700 in prizes will go to the win
Judging of the Palominos before the grandstand is set for the aft
gional event ever held here In Its billing of entertainment and its presentation of fine livestock.
* * *
But the general public will find its greatest thrill of the Palomino show, in the show itself. Blue Ribbons winners will be presented at each of the four shows, each of which has a new program.
The Texas Palomino association is staging the show here thus year is appearing in its “native” city. The association was organized here, and gave to Abilene the record of holding the largest exclusive Palomino shew in the world.
Despite wartime difficulties, the
near black as possible.
Halter classes will be judged 50 the fiir^ which" rivHls* any ’re- i line gorses. Already, all of the stalls I percent for odor, 40 percent for
•noon of Sept. I -the first event j 1944 show will not lag in color or Of
at the Fair Grounds have been taken by Palomino breeders, who will come from all parts of the country to take part in the events here.
Judging will be under th<:‘ new revised rules of the Palomino Horse Breeders Association of America.
That means that the body and coat color of each horse shall be as near that of a newly-minted gold coin as possible, and shall not vary more than three shades lighter or dark-
conformation and way of going and IO percent for manner.
In any event, all honors go to the horse, rather than the rider.
The program calls for 13 breeding classes, all at halter, and 14 j tion* at Ploesti and elsewhere show classes.
below the Danube and concentrated the remainder in central and northwestern Yugoslavia.
These troops constitute the minimum with winch Germany can ...
hope to retain the Balkans, it is i‘ ‘Y'xvr i i'v\s—e.trtiy
believed here, and withdrawal* to
help meet the new Allied invasion
The enemy’s transportation situation has become critical, principally because of Allied bombing operations 8'Tainst. the oil installa-
Included will be roping contests, riders to be mounted en Palomino stallions; junior class for boys and girls up to 16; cutting horse coner. test, girl’s time event; men’s potato
___________________________ race; saddle horse class for mares Hie War department said today
silver or ivory, with not mon than and geldings; reining class for the that 96 per cent of men wounded
15 percent of dark or off-colored same; silver mounted class, and in action have recovered and that
The skin must be dark, as reining class for stallions.
The climax of the shew, for col
90 Percent of Men Wounded Recover
WASHINGTON, Aug. 19 (ZP) War department said
me XKI WI NT OI COMMERCE WEATHER Iii RE A I A ll IEI XI .VNO XII IM IE: Tartly
cloudy Sundav and Mond.1%. Srattp.ed ihuudershow-rn, in MMI t Ii caw porlion Sunday and Mo Mi ^ X n ii in eaiit and south portion M<»ruta\. j.
WEST TEXAS—Partly iloudv Sunday and Monday wlh scattered afternoon and evening thundershowers Monday and in El IV>o urea, Panhandle and South Plains Sunday.
TEMPERA 11 RI s Tri. Sal.
Frontline dispatches passed by field centers said Halt*
Gem* is in ranee heft h. bn1 J and that the americans could advance on Paris anytime they wanted to. Instead of doing so at once, they apparently chose for the serond time in Kl days to let that glittering prize dangle for a time while they sought out and slew more Germans.
The ruins of at least 18 German divisions from the Falaise trap already were .spread out in a 70-miie shamble* ‘rom there to Dreux, jumpoff point for the American dash to the Seine.
The German Seventh army, bolstered by elements of the 15th Army from the Calais coast, "has not been destroyed." wrote A belated Presa Correspondent William S. White with the American First Army, but he declared the Germans had left thousands upon thousands of casualties behind in salvaging much of their armor for the dash to the Seine,
That dash, however, was opposed I bv tremendous Allied air pow'er that in three clava had des;royed 10.000 tanks and trucks. In a* many aa even flights a day, RAF flghter-bumbers and rocket plane* and the newly-disck ed rocket-firing American Thunderbolts, swooped lower than the tree-tops to pick out 1 “live” targets among the welter of already smashed equipment.
Intermittent rain hampered the fliers somewhat, but also mired the Naris in the mud as sitting ducks.
“We’re beating up the Germans—and it s a terrible beating,” ext laimed a British staff officer at the front.
The remnants of the German
gee PARIS, Pg. 4. Cot I
Production Urged To Beat Inflation
DALLAS. Aug. 19 — f/T — "The way to lick inflation is through production,” Chester Bowles. Director of the Office of Price Administration said tonight at a pres* conference where he exnressed eff-the-rerord hopes for a lessening of restrictions on consumers.
Bowles was careful not to set a date for the end of price contrrl but indicated that the public might be faced with some vestiges of rationing for as long as two or thme yeaps after the war.
Hi applauded public response to KID ’ — the enforcement of the rationing Seaman Second Class Gerald program, saying it was beyond ex-
who pectations, and said present en-
Fort Worth, Tex., division, the Ccnsolidated-Vultee Aircraft corporation reported today.
Fort Worth will continue to produce B-24 Liberators pending a switchboard to the now B-32 .supct -bomb; r.
Sat -AM IS -
- Tri P.M.
- HK . HI
VV. Haddon of Chicago, has completed 13 landings on the Normandy heath in addi-
forctm *nt procedures will not be
•We have ju t about reached the
tion to service in the Med iter- limits of our ability now to enforce
ranean, stands beside the in-on the Coast Guard-LST on which he
the program,” he commented.
Tile Price administration head asserted that shipping space and manpower possibly will be the out-
See PALOMINO, Pg. 4, Col. 3
about two-thirds of them have r -turned to duty as a result of mod- j i<»i em mobile surgery and recondition ing treatment.
High and low temperatures lo !» P-. fill and IO.
High and low same date last year:
_ _nd 11. • • * ’
Sunset Ie- I n i g Ii I HM'l.
Sunrise this naomi’ i.dt.
Sunset tonight: HUH.
served until it was discovered standing factors in determining the
that he is only la years old. length of the rationing program.
... u in Fntland for in- He hinted that the public "ill la-lie now is in Englanc j vor qpa program even more in
vestigation, with the prospect p lutur , wben as the end of the
of being discharged and sent
_ nears income levels slacken.
home. (AI* Wi rephoto from with a resulting decrease in pur-Coast Guard). I chasing power.