Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - August 19, 1954, Abilene, Texas
Wit ^Wlme ^^eportcr
WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
VOL. LXXIV, NO. 60
Auocimted Pnu (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS. THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 19, 1954—TWENTY^SIX PAGES 11^
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10«
Runoff Rivals Renew Attacks
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Texas’ rival candidates for governor Wednesday hacked at each other, renewing the personal attacks that are taking the runoff cam5>aign spotlight.
Gov. Allan Shivers accused Ralph Yarborough of making wild charges and telling falsehoods. Yarborough accused _ Shivers of “radically changing” his political convictions in years of unbrdc-en power.”
Power Corrupts Yarborough told a courthouse iquare crowd at Gwizales:
“All power corrupts. Absolute power corrupts absolutely.”
Shivers in a morning speech at Haskell said Yarborough thanked union men who supported him in the first primary “by kicking them in the teeth and telling them to stay out of sight during the runoff.”
Shivers moved into Wichita Falls for a night radio broadcast and speech at a rally. Yarborough spoke at Yoakum and headed into the lower Rio Grande Valley for appearances at Harlingen, Falfur-rias and Brownsville.
Thursday Yarborough will campaign at Laredo. Shivers returns to Au.stin for 16-county night rally at downtowTi Woolridge Park where he will appear with his wife and children.
Surrender in Advance Tn the speech for radio delivery at Wichita Falls, the governor said forces supporting Yarborough want to eliminate him from politics because “they want a governor of Texas who will surrender in advance our influence and votes at the next Democratic national convention in 1956.”
He said the scrap between him and Yarborough was not merely between two m«i or factions for slate prestige. “It is a fight for principles of government with those who oppose him advocating “federalization centralization and aocialism,” Shivers said.
Shivers said Yarborough’s “wild charge” in the first primary that he (Shivers) had the support of South Texas politico George Pm was proven false by the election returns. He said PubUc Safety officials and newspaper invmiga-tions “branded as a falsehood” Yarborough’s statement that Rangers had been taken out of DBN
ers had bem taken out of Duval County.
Yarborough said this about Shivers at Gonzales:
“He has beœi in office now 20 years—20 years of unbroken power does strange things to people.
“Twenty years ago I do not believe he would have taken the $450,000 in that mysterious Hidalgo County land deal.
“Twenty years ago I do not believe he would have awarded state printing contracts to a printing firm of which he was one of the owners—in viciation of the State Constitution.
Another 10 Months “Twenty years ago I do not believe he would have let his crony and a former campaign manager make $11.000 to keep a busted insurance company open another 10 mmiths . . .
“All pow«r corrupts. Absolute power corrupts absolutely. He has so much absolute power in Texas; he is so near absolute power in Texas that he imagines people around him have changed.”
At Harlingen. Yarborough said there was “no real drought relief” in Texas. He said the program was a “Republican publicity stunt.”
He said his first program before the Legislature if elected would be a “compreheiwive drought relief program.”
ompromise Red Bill
BACK IN JAIL — Carrying his street clothes after a change to prison garb, Dr. Samuel H. Sheppard is shown checking back into county jail in Cleveland, O., to await trial on a first degree murder indictment. He is accused of beating his wife, Marilyn, 31, to death at their Bay Village home July 4. This picture was t^en from outside of the jail through a glass door.
Shivers Flays CIO In Haskell Speech
West Texas Gels Rain
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Hard rains hit parU of West Teas Wednesday afternoon as two converging high pressure air masses stirred up thunderstorm activity from the Panhandle to the Trans-Pecos region.
Marfa had .60 inch and ranches north and south of the city reported up to 1.30 inches. A stream north of the city went out of its banks and flooded the Fort Davis road. The Alamito Creek was running bankfull in Marfa following the rain.
At Dalhart, high in the Panhandle, a shower sent the temperature skidding from an afternoon high of 9.i down to 73 degrees.
Amarillo reported showers to the northeast and southwest, and El-Paso and Salt Flat reported rain falling at 6:30 p.m.
Beaumont had a local shower of .01 inch.
Central and North Central Texas continued to bear the brunt of the heat Wednesday, although high temperatures slacked off a bit.
Fort Worth had the highest reading. 102 degrees. Mineral Wells, Cotulla and Texarkana had 101. Dallas, San Antonio. Waco. Wichita Falls, Presidio and Tyler had 100.
HASKELL, Aug. 18 (RNS)-Has-kell County gave Ralph Yarborough a majority of votes in the first primary, but a crowd of 500 to 600 gathered on the courthouse lawn to hear Gov. Allan Shivers.
About 20 autos of Shivers supporters accompanied the governor from Stamford. Tom Davis, Hm-kell lawyer, introduced Gov. Shivers, saying “I am supporting Gov. Shivers in the honest belief he has made an honest, capable governor and is a credit to the state of Texas,” to the cheering crowd.
Shivers opened his «>eech: “I have been a Democrat all my life. My father was a Democrat, and I had Thwna.s Jefferson for breakfast. Andrew Jackson for dinner, and Woodrow Wilson for supper.”
As the crowd again cheered, Shivers went ou to attack the “Red-hots” of the CIO and the “left-wing” unions which he said want to control Texas.
He asked the voters for Yarborough to “look around and see who you are with.”
Gov. Shivers told the farm and ranch audience the CIO wants to
organize the cotton pickers and call them out wi strike at cotton picking time.
He said that as long as he was governor, Negroes and whites would not go to the same schools.
Following his speech. Gov. Shivers and his caravan had dinner in a downtown cafe.
From Haskell. Gov. Shivers travelled to Roby, Rule, Rochester, Knox City. Munday, Seymour and Electra for other speeches Wed nesday.
KenI Offidals Meet Tuesday At (lairemont
JAYTON, Aug. 18 — The Kent County Commissioners Court will hold a special meeting in the old courthouse at Clairemont next Tuesday morning.
That decisiMi was reached after all four commissioners and Coun tv Judge John H. Montgomery huddled Wednesday in Jaytxm and Haskell in an effort to iron out difficulties of the location of county records.
Judge Montgomery, in announcing the Clairemont meeting, said the commissioners talked with Tom Fowler who owns part interest in the First National Bank building, concerning rent of the building. The group met in Fovf-ler’s office. The bank building is presently housing the records and offices of the county. Also meeting with the commissiwi was Sheriff Jim Mcmtgomery and County Clerk Gerald Fincher.
The Jayton confab fxrflowed a series of closed meetings Wednesday morning in Haskell with District Court Judge Ben Chapman.
Present at the Haskell meeting were Judge Montgwnery, Commissioners W. R. Rodgers. Precinct 1; Jim Wyatt. Precinct 2; A. C. Cargile, Precinct 3; and Mark Cave. Precinct 4; County Clerk Fincher, attorney Dallas Scarborough of Abilene who represents Wyatt, Cargile, and Cave; and Attorney Ralph Logan of San Angelo who represwiU Rodgers and Montgomery.
DIFFERS ON MARSHALL OPINION—E. Wallace Chadwick, 67, former Pennsylvania congressman who has l^en named counsel of the special Senate committee consider-ing the McCarthy censure, confers with Chairman ArWur U. Watkins (R-Utah), left, at the capitol in Washmrton. He said he holds a different view of Gen. George C. Marshall than that of Sen. Joseph McCarthy (R'Wis). McCarthy’s slap at Marshall is one of the charges bemg considered by the Watkins committee.
Delay Hinted in Probe of McCarthy
CREDITS ROUGH CROSSING
It's Official! Crop-Duster, Lubbock Girl Engoged
Atom Workers Vote To Accept Offer
OAK RIDGE. Teon., Aug. 18 if) —AFL atomic production wwkers today foUowad their leaders’ rec-ommendaticm and voted about 2-1 to accept a 6-cen< hourly wage offer they had turned down earlier.
The acceptance was expected to do much toward settling a four-month-old dispute which also involved CIO workers here and at Paducah, Ky. The CIO did not vote today.
QUEBEC, Aug. 18 (f) — Gene Thompson, the Texas crop-duster vrho flew a plane undw London Bridge and between the spans of the TTiame« Tower Bridge for the hand of Helen Brown, said today it’s official now: they’re engaged.
“Maybe it was the rough crossing that wore her down,” the strapping Texan grinned when the liner Atlantic arrived today with the (XHiple aboard.
Helen, 21 and blonde, reportedly wouldn’t speak to Thompson when she firat heard about tne daredevU aerial feat he performed before startled London lunch-hour crowds last Wednesday—even though he did it all to impress her.
Future plans for the couple are indefinite. Both Helen and 29-year-old Gene are still enrolled at Texas Tech. Thompson is studying business administration and Helen has a year to go for a master of arts degree.
Although they both come from Lubbock. Tex., they met for the
fimt time on s sAudwt European tour this summer.
Thompson denied today that he said he buzzed the bridges on a dare from Helen.
“We were only kidding about it” she chimed in. “When Gene met me after the flight and told me about it 1 wasn’t sure if it was true. But when I saw newspaper reports that police were looking for an unidentified pilot who scared the life out of bridge traffic. I figured it must be true.’
The engaged ctmple leave tonight on a boat train for Montreal. There Helen will meet her parents and drive back to Texas. Thompson is scheduled to take a train, “but if there’s any chance of hanging onto the running board of the car. I’ll do it.” he said.
KOREA TO ? ?
Wyoming Lawmaker Opposes O'Mahoney
CHEYENNE. Wyo., Aug. 18 i^ Wyoming Republican voters chose the state’s lone congressman, William Henry Harrison, to oppose a Democratic veteran of Washing-t(Hi politics, former Sen. Joseph C.O’Mahoney, in the Nov. 2 election for the U.S. Senate.
Harrison, 58. descendant of two Presidents, polled more votes than those for his three rivals combined for the GOP nomination in Tuesday’s primary.
O’Mahoney was unopposed for the Democratic nomination for the long term.
Four Divisions To Be Shifted
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WASHINGTON, Aug. 18 (ft—'The ; Defense Department announced to-i day it will shift four divisions from Korea to other areas “where it is believed they will better serve the strategic interest of the United State«.”
Advance reports that three U.S. divisions would be pulled out had already caused de^ concern in Korea, where the republic’s National Assembly unanimously voted to oppose it.
The withdrawal of four divisions would leave two American divisions. a British Commonwealth division and smaller units from other Allied nations in South Korea, together with 20 Republic of Korea divisions.
The official Pentagon announcement, which followed by only a few hours an official statement that "The \rmy haa no knowledge of any early withdrawal.” said;
“The Defense Department announced today the plan to withdraw four U.S. divisions from Korea within the next several months. These divisions wUl be deployed to other areas where H is believed they will better s^e the strati«ic InUwrest of the United SUtea. . ..
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sions to be withdrawn will he announced by the U.S. Army later.
“This withdrawal is in further implementatiw of the policy announced by President Eisenhower on Dec. 26, 1953.”
That Eisenhower announcement said U.S. ground forces in Korea would be reduced “as circumstances warrant.”
The official South Korean attitude. expressed by the National Assembly, was that the circiun-stances do not warrant any withdrawal now, in view of the c<m-tinuing menace of Communist forces In North Korea
t Army Divisioni U.S. divisions now in Korea are the 1st Marines and the 2nd, 3rd, 7th, 24th and 25th Army divisions.
Informed Washington sources said two Army divisions and one regimental cwnbat team wiil be brought back to the United SUte«, along with another combat learn now stationed in Japan. They said two of the divisions taken out of Korea probably would remain in the Pacific, one of them on CAin-awa and one in Hawaii.
In supplying these reporU. the sourc« did not designate whi^ divisions might stay or which migbt m alaewliarab
Indochina General To Be Freed by Reds
LONDON, Aug. 18 (f»—Brig. Gen. Christian da Castries, heroic French commander captur^ by the Cornmunist-led Vietminh in the fall of the Indochina fortress of Dien Bien Phu, will be among 280 French officers to be freed in an exchange of prisoners, Peiping radio announced today.
The Communist broadcast gave no exact date, but dispatehes from Hanoi said the exdiange between the French and Vietminh was scheduled to begin today at Viet Tri on the Red River.
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WASHINGTON, Aug. 18 tf)-The possibility arose today that Senate hearings of censure charges against Sen. McCarthy <R-Wii) may be delayed to permit more time for preparation.
“We still plan to open Aug. 30.’ said Sen. Watkins (R-Utah). chairman of the special committee named to investigate the charges. “But we don’t intend to force the j legal staff to work under heavy pressure to meet that date.
In any event, he added, “one or two days would not be important.”
I.onger Than Anticipated Watkins said it had taken longer than anticipated to find a cwn-miltee counsel before senators finally setUed on E. Wallace Chadwick, a Chester, Pa., attorney and former congressman.
Chadwick, meeting with reporters. said he would be ready to meet any deadline set by the c^-mittce. and pledged himself to an Impartial, objective job” of heading the legal end of the .investigation. , _
Meanwhde. Washington lawyer Edward Bennett Williams told me committee he didn’t want any fee from the Senate to act as McCarthy’s counsel. Watkins said Williams rejected any part of the $10,000 the committee had set aside from its own money to provide McCarthy with counsel.
“It is not consonant to be serving in the employ of that is trying Sen.
WUliams said. “You cant be McCarthy’s counsel and employed by tl.o committee, too. with propriety”
Held News Conference
Chadwick, a former Republics member of the House in 1946 and 1948, held his first mass news interview. He brought aloi^ a prepared sUtement for reporters, but
forgot to read it. «7
To newsmen’s questions, the 67-
year-old lawyer *;• ¡¡'i."'''" met McCarthy and that all he knw of the McCarthy controversy he had gleaned frtnn the new^a^rs-
But he was quite firm about his attitude toward Gen. George Mar-shaU. who has been denounced as a “traitor” by McCarthy.
He said that while he had no recollection of making » speech in 1947 in p^we ^ Mar-shaU, if it was printed in the Con-
gressionid R«K>rd "no doubt I said it.” ^
“If I didn’t, I wish I had said it.” he added, saying he was still an «imirer of Marshall.
Park Expert, Board (onler
The city Paik and Public Recreation Board Wednesday instructed a Kansas City planning expert to prepare and st^nit a propoeal for imprx)vemerX of parks here.
The planning board and representatives from the City Commis-si<m met with Herbert Hare, planning expert. Wednesday afternoon.
Grover Nelson, park board member, aaid Hare began a survey of Abilene’s parks Wednesday afternoon.
After HMD’s report is received by the park panel the group wiU decade whether to employ Hare to plan improvement of the parks.
Money for the improvements will come from the $400.000 bond issue voted in July.
Also discussed at the meeting waa cxMiitructkm of a Negro swimming pool here.
Nelson said use ci the money would depend on Hare’s recommendations, or those of the eo gineer eventually hkwd.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18 (AP>—Behind-the-scenes efforts to compromise the hot issue of banning the Commi^ nist party were reported gaining headway tonight, raising hopes Congress could adjourn tomorrow or Friday.
The Senate worked the night shift again in an attempt to clear its decks. The House, more abreast of its work, had
recessed until tomorrow.
The senators recessed at 10:55 p.m. until 10 a.m. to-
Knowand (R-Calif) said during the day that pros-pects are good for quitting tomorrow "if nothing unexpected happens.”
Other senators spoke of Friday as the windup day.
President Eiswnhower, who like« a vacation as well as most pe<^le, hoped to be able to leave Washington Saturday morning for Colorado,
Legislative leaders were reported to have reached agreement on compromise language designed to satisfy both sides in the fight over ways to combat Reds.
No hint of the nature of the proposed settlement was given. Senate-House conferees are due to take it up tomorrow. The aim is to satisfy Congress, which is on record in favor of making K a crime to belong to Üie Communist party, and the administration, which fears that would make existing Communist-controi acts ineffective.
Thwe was progress ki other di-rertions also. By v<Mce vote, the Senate passed along to Eisenhower a catchall supplemental aw>ropria-tioos bUl of $1.659.000,000. tt contains hundreds of tt«ns to supplement hExis already voted for the fiscal year which began July 1.
This left only one Ixf money biU still in CongrMS. « foreign aid «ppropriaüon. A Houte^Senate Conference Committee reached an agreement on it tonight, pnmding for $2,781,499.816 in new funds plus $2,462.085.979 in carryover money from prevMH« appropriations. Both Houses must now pass on the compromise.
Hurdle Remains A hurdle remaining to be overcome was s bill to liberalize the old age pension system under social security. That was in Senate-House conference and (Rfferences were said to center on whether farm operatora and jwofessional peíale should be brought into the rrtirement system.
The Senate engaged ki an argument tonight over a propgaed
Police Battle. 1,000 Sirikers In Bavaria
MUNICH. Germany. Aug. 18 —Bavaria’s worst labor riot since the war exploded in Munich today. Seriously injured were 21 persons, including 2 women.
Four hundred police with rubber clubs fought an hour against 1,000 striking mVtal workers at the big Siemens electrical plant.
The Munich rioting was touched off when union pickets in front of the plant attacked hundreds of nonstrikers as they tried to pas* through the lines to get to their
Two waves of 200 police each finally broke the strikers’ resistance when they waded into the melee swinging the'ir rubber clubs.
One policeman was knocked out by a rock. The two women were hurled to the ground and trampled. Other women wwkers w«;re spat on. No arrests were made.
After the fighting stopped, the picket lines, made up mostly at ^rikers from other Munich plants, thinned out and the nonstrikeiD were permitted to enter the plant, which employs 2,000.
The outbreak came after lab^ and management failed in a weekend meeting to reach a wage com-promise. _
per cent pay raiae for federal workers. An attempt by Sen. Johnston (D-SC) to attach the salary increaae to a flood cootrol-irriga-tioo bill was voted down 47-30.
Knowland said that was not the orderly way to do things. The administration contends pay raise« should be accompMiied by booets in revenue, notably increases in poetal rates. Whether the pay hike would go through before the final gavel fails was still up in the air.
In other actions today:
A voice vote in the House sent Eisenhower a bill extending the
See SENATE, Pg. 14-A. Col. t
ON DEFENSE PLAN
Siding With U. S.
UP Csllee Prices
To Be (ul Today
new YORK. Aug. 18 of 10 cents a pounds on all A&r brands of coffee was announced today by the Great Atlantic k cific Tea Co., the nation’s largest food chain with 4,000 stores.
The cut. effective Thursday, reduces the price of Red Circle, 8 O’clock and Bokar coffees to $1.09 a pound. A uniform prica was set for all three brands ia June.
It was the first price-cut announcement by a big nationwWe coffee distributor. Cuts by smaller firms began Monday. Most of these were 10 cents a pound.
Nute Rogers, manager of tha AAP Store at 817 Hickory SU said Wednesday night he had not been officially notified of the 10 cent a pound price cut (» coffee.
Rogers expected the notification Thursday, he said.
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Junior Rodeo Finals Underway al Snyder
SNYDER, Aug. 18 (RNS)—Tl« night in the finals of the American Junior Chmpiowtop Rodea got underway here wea-nesday with approximately 600 fans in attendance.
R(A Brown of Throckmortim had the best time In the calf roping event with 15.8 seconds.
The final performances will be
Stock for the rodeo which is being held at the Scurry County Rodeo grounds is furnished by Goat Mayo ol PaCroUa.
BRUSSELS. Belgium, Aug. 18 (P —France’s five European aUles ranged solidly behind the United States and Britain tonight in r^ sisting Pierre Mendes - France’s plan to revamp the EDC,
This was reported as German, Belgian, Dutch. Italian and Luxembourg delegate« assembled here for life - or- death talks on tho European Defense Community project.
Proposals Made Plain The American and British governments have made it plain to Mendes-France that his proposals for amending EDC will change its character and that his plan surprised and disappointed them. The United States and Britain are not in EDC but are in treaty relationship with it.
Now the West German, lUlian. Dutch. Luxembourg and Belgian governments have done the same, either pubUdy or in private exchanges today in Brussels.
A head-on collision appeared inevitable at tomorrow'i opening conference brtween Mendi^ Franca and hia oritioe within BD&
Mendes-France arriveft today by train from Paris.
The French leader immediately went into informal session with Belgium’s Paul-Henri Spaak, who has set out to reconcile the dif-ferencea between France and her friends over tha powers and principle* of tha European Defense Community project.
It was understood tluA the French Premier at onca servad notice on Spaak that tha cholw facing the group is between his own plan for a new European army treaty or no EDC at all. Tha Mendes - France proposals would alter the whole basis of EDC as it was originally written.
Course at Stake
Tha entire course of the West’s EiJTopean policies appeared to be at stake in the outcome of the two-day parley beginning here to-mwTow between France, West Germany. Belgium, Holland, Lux-«nbourf and Italy.
If the EDC six fail to agree, tha United SUtoa and BriUtn would be idacad in a poaitlon of teeming to support tha Germans at the mfkom el Uw FnMk.
Commissioners Sel Oil Allowable Today
AUSTIN. Aug. 18 (f)-The Tex» RsJlroad Commission must decitto tomorrow whether to incre^ x decrease this state’s allowable oil production for September.
The shift from the 31-day monto of August to the 3<Hiay month of September causes tho change.
Continuation of the 15-day producing schedule would mean a jump of roughly 62.500 barreU 9m day in the September allowable, while one less producing day would bring a decrease of some 65,500 barreU daib'. ,
Advance nomtoations of ou purchasing companies totaled 2,737,• 969 barrels per day for Septambcr, a decrease of 24.945 barrels from their nominations of a month ago. However, a majortty (d the larger buyers have nominated 00 a 15-day basis.
Morcaiitonio Etfcit« Valum Ufidmr $10,000
NEW YORK. Aug. II UB-Tor-roer Rap. Vito Marcantoolo’i e»-liro estáte wat valuad ai "laat than $10 000” in papara filad toda« M ÍHDQÍM«'«