Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 19, 1944, Abilene, Texas
MORNING VOL. LXIV, NO..63 A TEXAS "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS MIWSPAPW ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 19, 1944 PAGES Associated Prat (AP) Vnitct Prat IVf.i PRICE FIVE CENTS a z is bacriri ce Pow ertu Patton All But Corrals Seventh South of Seine 'By WES GALLAGHER SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Aug. .Gen. 6ec-ge S. Patton's Third U. S. Army, riding relentless herd on the harried German seventh army, has all but corraled It in a new encirclement south ot the Seine river. Patton's drive, one of the fastest in military history and aimed llward Paris and the Seine, virtually cut the Germans off from the French capital when it crossed the Eure river north of Dreux. Thus his hard-riding'forces' drove Field Marshal Gen. Guenther Von Klugc's army directly north toward'the virtually bridgeless Seine. The situation Is like that of a piston. Patton .established a wall of the cylinder 70 miles in from the sea, which forms the other. The .piston squeezing the Germans is composed of the U. S. ,First Arniy, the British Second and the. Canadian First, and is driving east and north all the way from a point east of- Falaise to the sea. Harassed by Allied air forces, it is difficult to see how the seventh army, already battered and reeling from its narrow escape from the Falalse-Argentan going to get any equipment across the Seine over the one narrow bridge remaining, which Itself may already he cut by bombs. The air forces are certain to make use of barges, pontoon- bridges and ferry boats a haphazard, dangerous process That the Germans believe the route to Paris'is lost to them is seen -'in the report that the direction of their 'retreat has turned north toward Rouen. Allied troops put. on the pressure, breaking the stagnated coastal front with drives of four to six miles. The object is to run over the German rearguards and give them no rest nor any time to cross the Seine. Patton's brilliant French campaign is almost a duplicate of the lightning offensive he led in Sicily. In Sicily he was given only the ob- jective of driving along the south and west coast to take Palermo. Patton achieved it so rapidly that when Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's forces became stalleti at Catania Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower turned Patton north and he drove the Americans into Messina ahead of the British. This time Patton swept through Brittany, then turned north toward Paris and not only "surrounded" Montgomery again, but included the American First, the British Second, the Canadian First, and for good measure the German seventh army. nvasion 300 Cities Inside Germany Afire Fliers Have Big 9ay Over Europe LONDON, Aug. fleets of Allied planes blasted air fields in northern France yesterday i.llned death and destruction on'the retreating Germans, shot from the skies 35 enemy fighters of a tem- porarily resurgent German air force and were out again early today for more blows at the enemy. ifn addition to the 35 planes downed, the Allied airmen destroy- ed at least 51 on the ground. Allied losses for trie day in which 6.00C planes flew the west and south-In eight .attacks.'..over four European countries, totaled 21 .'Inters and two bombers. American Marauders escorted by RAF Spitfires got 'In the' day's filial blow yesterday, northeast of. Paris, arid without-loss despite heavy flak'. of the damage'.inflict- JS, the Eighth Air -Force" fighters alone reported destroying or-dam- aging -739 railroad cars, 38 locomo- tives and 215 motor vehicles.. ROAD TO BERLIN BY THE ASSOCIATED' PRESS Russian Front: 322 miles (measured from eastern suburbs of Warsaw.) Si2 Northern France: 565 mites (measured from Authon. Italian Front: 603 miles (meas- ured from Florence.) 4 Southern France: 680 miles (measured from near Cannes.) ahip Torpedoed WASHINGTON, Aug. 18 A medium-sized United States mer- chant marine vessel was torpedoed and sunk in the south Atlantic dur- _fc the latter part of July, the Navy announced today; There were no casualties. Survivors have been landed at Miami, Fla. Snipers Hamper Florence Moves ROME, Aug. 18 German snipers still were active in the north- west and northeast suburbs of Florence today, delaying complete Allied '.occupation of the city. The situation in northern Flor- ence-' was reported officially to have improved since yesterday when German tanks were believed to have penetrated the area. Minor patikil clashes and artillery duels comprised virtually all the ac- tivity of remainder of the -Ita- lian front. Rochester Reports 1st Jale of Cotton ROCHESTER, Aug. 19 'The area's first bale .of cotton of 'the season. was ginned here Thursday and sold today to Wie'nke .Gin company for. 20 cents per pound. Rochester business men added in premiums. The bale was grown by Joe Mathis on the Carruthers farm. The turn out was 460 pounds of lint from pounds of snap cotton. AP Correspondent Hides in Embassy BUENOS AIRES, Aug. Julio Valdes, 28-year-old Associat- ed Press correspondent at La Paz, Bolivia, has taken refuge in the Chilean embassy there, diplomatic circles reported here tonight. Detailed Information was not im- mediately, available. Efforts to com- municate with Valdes, a Bolivian citizen, by cable and telephone have jeen unsuccessful since.he reported Aug. 16 the reappearance of wealthy tin mine owner Mauricio Hochs- child whose whereabouts had been unknown to the public for several weeks. TIME OUT FROM WAR ON THE ROAD TO Gen. George S. Patton Jr., commander of the American Third Army, (nlks with two French children in one of the towns Ms armored (roops swept through in their drive in France. Russians Trap Three Divisions LONDON, Saturday, Aug .troops yes terday overwhelmed the wes bank Vistula river .slronghol of'Sandomierz in central. Po land after a bitter three-day street battle, and trappet three German divisions o men, while anothc powerful Soviet army massec on the German East Prussian frontier- threatened rnornen tarily: to spill onto German soil for the ;first time. border ef villages inside Ger- many's imperilled" province 'were re- ported by Soviet'naval fliers lo be in flames, and Berlin said .the Rus- sians had hurled more than men .-intb.-the.-battle on- an 80-mile front frorii Auguston in northen Poland and the -Nieme river in western'Lithuania.' Both Moscow and Berlin dis- patches suggested great events we're imminent, and Axis broadcasts said Soviet troops on the long-dormant Romanian front had attempted to cross the lower Dnestr gesting the emergence soon of another offensive directed to- ward the Pioestl oil fields, last big German fuel reservoir. The Russian daily communique said Marshal Konstantin K. Bo- ;ossovsky's first White Russian army also had gone over to the of- fensive in some sectors just east of ?rE.ga, easl bank suburb of War- ;aw, after absorbing the impact of iavage German counterattacks. The Russians last were fighting within ieven miles of the city. Inside Warsaw the Poles reported heir guerrilla forces were holding heir own in furious street fighting. nrom rooftops the Poles hurled gas- >line-filled bottles down on Ger- man tanks, and from cellar gunsllts they picked off German troops. Moscow was silent about the East Prussian front, but Berlin said heavy fighting was going on with the "center of gravity" at Virbalis. western Lithuanian town three miles from the border on the Kau- nas-Konigsberg highway. The capture of Sandomierz gave the Russians another im- portant river crossing with which to pour men and mate- rial Into the Polish plains lead- ing; to highly industrialized German Silesia, last reported nnly 75 miles beyond Soviet spearheads. The Russians already hold La- gow, 30 miles northwest of. Sando- mirez and only 20 miles from Kl- elcc, German communications cen- ter linking the Krjkow-Warsaw front, and the bridgehead area has been expanded to approximately T.600 square miles. Its lower end is at Goryslawlce, 53 miles southwest of Sandomierz, and only 35 miles of Krakow, last big German posi- tion before Silesia. In Estonia units of Gen Ivan Maslennikov's third Baltic army yesterday crossed the narrow chan- nel linking lakes Pskov and Peipus, seized a six-mllc-wlde strip of ter- ritory on the. west side and drove nine miles inland in a push toward Tartu, Estonia's second city with a population of In Latvia another Soviet army captured 30 localities, including Raml, five miles southwest of the rail junction of Madona and near- -by Marclcna, 73 miles east of Riga. West of the Lithuanian town of Sialitlal the Russians ad- mitted that German forces "at the cost of enormous losses" had driven a slight wedge Into Kuv.lan lines. This It the area Drives Close In on Toulon From 2 Sides NEW.YORK, Aug. 18 The British radio, in a. broad- cast recorded by U. S. govern- ment monitors, .quoted one-.of its. correspondents tonight as saying that is going to fall, and fall very .to the enveloping attacks of the U. S. Seventh Army. "The Germans have thrown up a hastily built screen of mo- bile guns and infantry to give protection to the rest of their men as they pulled out' of the said the correspondent, Vaughn Thomas. "They were blowing up bridges and mining the roads, but not on a scale big enough to check our advance." ROME, Aug., Arrieric'ari --Seventh 'Army troops-smashed 20 miles'in- land behind the great naval base.of Toulon today, threat- ening, .'a. wide- outflanking movement along .a main high- way leading to the Rhone val- ley, while behind them a great striking force was.being built up on the-French Riviera. Toulon also-was threatened by .a., coastal drive which smashed into the vicinity of Soilles-pont, only six miles northeast of the stronghold. Headquarters announced (he known American assault casu- alties for the southern French invasion were only 300, an al- most incredibly low figure, and said German prisoners had been taken in a count still far from complete. Battle-hardened veterans of Af- rica, Italy and Sicily under MaJ. en. Alexander M. Patch, hero of uadalcanal, punche'ri inland to ,he vicinity of Brlgnoles, 20 miles due north of Toulon. The city is on he main highway leading to Mar- seille and Aix-En provence, and ul- jmatcly to the wide Rhone valley cading to northern France. American planes struck behind he German lines in the Rhone val- ey, intent on choking lines of re- Teat or reinforcement, and other American bombers smashed the French battleship Strasbourg in Toulon harbor, where it was being used by the Nazis as a coastal ortress. Farther to the east other forward ilements of the Seevnth Army drove against only slight opposition hree miles west and southwest of aptured Draguignan, the road cen- cr 16 miles west-northwest of Fre- us. Headquarters announced the drives inland had brought cap- ture of a second Nazi general in two days, and said this general professed amazement at the news of the Normandy and Brittany campaigns in the north and the German reverses near East Prussia. The prisoners taken prob- Sec SOUTHERN, Pg. 3, Col. 1 ALLIES PRESS CLOSER TO PARIS, DRIVE EAST ALONG indicate penetration of main Allied drives in France as they have been revealed officially. Capture oi Authon placed the within 30 miles of Paris. On the northern flank. Canadian forces swung eastward along the toast toward Le ilavre, crossing'the; Dives river io cap ture Bessenvillc, St. Pierre and Trim. (AP SCATTERED JAP HOLDINGS GIVEN HEAVY HAMMERING By The Associated Press Maintenance of the pace of America's powerful and re- lentless aerial offensive against widely separated Japanese Pacific island strongholds was officially reported yesterday by Adm. Chester. W. Nimitz. U. S. airmen struck Wednesday against the Volcano is- lands, 750 miles south of Tokyo, while others hit in the Marianas and the Carolines. Meanwhile the Japanese rushed heavy reinforcements into China's bloody Hunan province where the prize is the strategic Hankow-Canton rail- Germans Using New Type Armored Tank By The Associated Tress Germans have thrown a huge new, heavily armored tank Into ac- ton on both the Russian and northern French fronts in an ef- way. They also stiffened their resistance on the Salween river front near the Burma border but continued to lose ground in northeast India and I 15th Best D-Day Division Goes Down in Defeat LONDON, Saturday, Aug. Berlin broad- cast quoted a German war ministry official statement today as saying "we must be prepared for a German withdrawal from France." "We must expect the loss of places with world famous .the statement said with a scarcely-veiled refer- ence to Paris. The broadcast was by the German news agency Transocean. The same agency quoted a military spokesman in Ber- lin as saying "No fresh German divisions can be sent to France. The troops in battle have been warned of this and have been ordered to fight to the last man." SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITION- ARY FORCE, Saturday, Aug. bulk of the German 15th army guarding the north French rocket coast has been thrown into an eleventh hour attempt to avert a Normandy debacle and has gone down to a defeat that may spell an Allied victory in the Battle for France, it was dis- closed officially last night. Mighty Allied forces were driving the beaten 15th and seventh armies toward the all but bridgeless Seine, and Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's tanks smashing to the vicinity 12 miles away by German blocked off their retreat toward the French capital. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower summoned his field command- ers to an urgent conference which soon may be reflected in new and overwhelming blows to break the German grip on the whole of France. The surging'lines were developing a great enveloping movement west of Paris, where a senior British officer dis- closed the Germans had rashly committed roughly half their crack 15th army. This was the first intimation that Field Marshal Gen. Guenther von Kluge had brought across the Seine important elements of his army guarding the channel coast and the rocket roosts to try to extricate the already battered seventh from the pitfalls of Normandy. Americans, Britisii, Canadians, roles, Dutch and last two disclosed for the. first time to be in in hot pursuit of the estimated In enemy troops who had squeezed from thfl Normandy pocket with the bulk of their tanks and were heading toward Rouen, behind them (he wreckage of lanks and vehicles under ceaseless' assault froni tactical bombers, whose pilots reported the Ger- mans were In such headlong: flight they did hot even pull off tho highways when the planes roared over. Tile unexpected news that the 15th army, which on D-Day was the greatest Germnn army lii France, had been committed to a lost causa In Normnndy, cnme from the staff officer at 21st army group headquar- ters, who likened its fate to that of the broken seventh army. The staff officer declared their offensive power was spent, that from here on these German forces were capable only of rearguard ac- tion, and that in winning the bat- tle of Normandy the Allies will' Fisher County Soldier Killed ort to stem the Allied advances but j northeni Burma irst reports denied it was a "super On men blasted two Jima, in the Vol- One of the new monsters weigh- ng over 65 tons and with six-inch armor inch and a half .hicker than anything the enemy yet has put into action- was taken by the British in the Orne river front. The tank was a victim of a me- chanical breakdown and never had fired a shot in battle. Christened the "pantiger" by its captors, the tank combines tile best features of f the Nazi Tiger and Panther tanks, which weight 45 tons each. The Pantiger. 23 feel long and over 11 feet wide, has an extra wheel on each side of its tracks and a huge, clumsy-looking turret. cano islands. Army Liberators bombed storage facilities and installations near tlie airfield. WITH THE AMERICAN 36TH DIVISION IN SOUTHERN FRANCK, Aug. 18 The second German general to fall to Allied forces in 48 hours was captured today by (roops of the veteran 3fith division near a road junction town. The general and his entire staff at headquarters of the garrison, home of 200 soldiers, were rounded up this morning after a six hour battle yester- day and an overnight drive which encircled the wooded hill- side ivhcre the enemy had maintained headquarters. SERGEANT GARTMAN Several Japanese fighter planes ROTAN, Aug. S. Sgt. were in the ah but did not 'inter-1 Forrcsy P' Gnrtman' ln nn artlllory cept. No American planes were lost, "nit of a replacement division In Rota and Pagan islands, in the France, was killed In act.ion July 21, Marianas, were, bombed and US The Weather DEPARTMENT 01' COMMERCE WEATHER nUUKAU VICINITY: iH Sunday, irlly cloudy irtly Salur- Scc SOVIETS, Pg. 3, Col. 1 ABILENU oudy Saturday a EAST iy and Sunday. WEST Pan. y cloudy day and Sunday. A few wlrtrl trrtd after tin nn and evening thundtr in LI Paso arm tnd in ran- hindle and Frl. Thurs. A.M. 73 12 _th TEMPtRATt'HLS 80 711 78 Hit XII HI 5 HO ........III....... I Kit ........II........ 73 1 xfl .......l-i....... _ llth and low U-mprralurCH In 0 n. !Kt anri UK. lKh and low same dale laftl year: 01 anil m. Sunirl laal nffhl: SunrlKe Ihls mornlnt; Suniet lonlihl: Japanese-American Women Sentenced DENVER, Aug. WV -Ignoring lier plea for a "double sentence" so her sister might go free to care for their children, U. S. District Judge J. Foster Symcs today orders Mrs. Tsurkuo "Toots" Wallace ,35, to serve two years in prison and pay a fine !or conspiracy to com- mit treason. The Japanese-American woman's two Mrs. Florence "Flo" Shivzc Otanl. 33, and Mrs. Blllie Shltnra Tnnlgoshl, drew 20- month terms and lines for their part In a plot to aid two Ger- man prisoners in their escape last fall from a camp at Trinidad. Colo. Ban Lifted LONDON, Aug. 000 Italian prisoner In England now arc being allowed Lo talk to thn public, attend movies and buy things in stores, the War office announced today, strafed. Warehouse areas at Dub- Ion, in tlie Truk atoll, were the tar- Rets of other Liberators. Large fires anil explosions v.rrc observed there. One of six Interceptors was shot down. Navy planes bombed Hie Phos- phate island of Nauru while Marine fighters and dive-bomUcrs attacked Mill ntoll In the Marshall. Gen. Douglas A. MacArlhur's heavy bombers plastered Jap- anese-held islands south of neutralised Ilalm.ihcra. Attack- ing "in they rained ex- plosives on C'cram, Ainlioina and liocroc airdromes, destroy- ing some planes and sinking a surfaced seaplane. Escorting fighters shot nine Japanese interceptors out of the air. Two American fight- ers were lost. Southwell Pacific night ,iir pa- trols again attacked the Davao nron. southern regist- ering thrrc hlus on a Japanese mer- chantman. Yank troops landed on the west coast, of Sink island, In the Schout- cns off north Dutch New Guinea, to aid in cleaning out isolated Jap- anese remnants. In China heavy fighting raged In the Hengynng sector of Hunan. The Japanese- rushed in two new divi- sions In nn attempt to fight off a Chinese threat from the southwest. A Chinese army spokesman found ndlcatlons ihat the Japanese Scc I'ACIHC, Vg. 3, Col. 1 his biothers, J. D. and M. N., both of Rotan, have been notified. Their father, W. E. Gartman, now living. linvc won the Battle of France, Both the seventh and only striking force the Germans had along the Atlantic estimated to have had up to 25 divisions at D-Day. Half of the 15th army, it is estimated, was thrown Into the lost Battle of Normand; in the last two weeks and has been badly mauled. Replacements brought !ii lo Ruard the chan- nel are believed to be low grade and spread all the way through the low countries, (The United Nations radio at Al- giers said -100.000 Germans had been nit out of action in northeni France put out of at in Loving, lex., was officially noli- more were surr0imded fied of his son's death this week. Sergeant Gartman went the first group of volunteers from In the port.s of Brittany.) The hesitant German command, not knowing where Allied j were coming from, sent these im- Flshcr county in January. 19-J1. elements'of the 15th into had worked on the John farm near here for 10 years and prior to that was employed on the Dec Sunnnnrlin farm for two years. Crossj the cauldron of battle "In pieces and ton late." the British said. The German command was forc- ed to this hard decision, he assert- Scrgeant Gartman originally was'cd. by PaUon's drive to the Orleans i, in the 144th Infantry of the ifiap south of Paris, through which b division but was in an army hos- Normnndy positions. Gcrmans were relnforcing their pital seas. when his outfit went over- He went to England In May this year with a field artillery unit and was fighting in France when killed. Sergeant Gartman was born April (i, 1011, at Loving, attended schools there and at Monument. Besides his father and two broth- ers here, Sergeant Gartman Is .survived by four brothers nnd twn sisters. They are: II. D. Gartman, Tahoka; Cpl. Orble Gartmnn. Ahl- lene, now In the nrmy in Louis- Ian- Odls Gartmnn, Abilene, leav- ing for the nrmy August 20; Denn Gartman, Abilene, accepted for naval duty and awntt-lng call; Mrs. Cynthia Cunningham, 3026 South Second, and Mrs. Pi-nnkie Smith, San Angelo. Five hnlf-brothcrs, W. J., Clarence, Orvllle, Don nnd Ken- neth, and one hnlf-slsler, Lois, all of Loving, also survive. Supreme hendquartqcrs. lapsing into silence to mask possible new lightning blows, found occasion to announce officially that it was "un- able to confirm" earlier reports that American forces were near Ver- Sce N'AZIS, Pff. 3, Col. t Service Emblems ere available w i f h o u f charge or The Report- er-News Business Of- fice. Mailed on request for 5e.