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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 18, 1944, Abilene, Texas Troops Carry War to German Frontier in East Prussia SEE STORY COLUMN 3 Abilene Reporter- "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES .WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT MORNING VOL. LXIV, NO. 62 A TEXAS NIWSPAm ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 18, 1944 PAGES Msoctated Prea (AP) Vittted Preu (IIP.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Nazis Quit Battle of Normandy Seventh Army Moves 30 Miles Into Alps ROME, Aug. forward on a great 30- mile arc deep in southern France, the American Seventh Army today seized five important road centers deep behind the original beachheads, and forward elements plunged more .30 miles into the maritime Alps in the drive to join with Allied forces in northern France. Along the coast the invasion armies drove through La Napoulc, a village only four miles southwest of the famous resort town of Cannes, Allied headquarters announced late fenight. (The German high command communique said the Allies already had penetrated Cannes, and German broadcasts in- dicated the Nazis had little hope of holding the The great pincers movement in the war was under way Mthe American sledge-hammer drive moved into Draguig- n, 18 miles inland in a north-northwesterly, direction from captured St. Raphael on the coast. The town, a communications center with population, lies on a main highway 40 northeast of the great naval base of Toulon, and was the farthest inland of any towns specifically announced .by headquarters as having captured. advancing Seventh Army also seized Vidauban, seven miles 'southwest of DraBuignan, and in a southwesterly direction, the towns of Le Luc, Besse and .Cuers, the jftter 11 miles northeast 'lon, and all road centers. Maj. Gen. Alexander M. Patch's troops had seized a coastal strip ex- tending almost to Toulon on the west to Cannes on the east today, sad it was possible that already the flSault on Toulon had begun. Headquarter' said the opposi- tion thus far encountered in louthcrn France consisted of elements of two German divi- Jfcions. About 40 percent of the enemy holding the assault area were battalions composed most- ly of Kussian war prisoners, Czechs and Poles, under Ger- man officers, anfl headquarters said "their combat efficiency morale is not high." Frtnch resistance groups have contributed largely to the success of the American drive by supplying information on German disposi- 'fcns, the Allied command an- nounced. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, Al- lied supreme commander in the west, sent a message to Gen. Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, Mediter- ranean commander, staling that evidently the southern France opera- tion had "gotten off to a Hying start." Wilson replied that he had been "very gratified by the pro- gress so far." An official Allied announcement. 'Aich likely was behind front line developments, said today that in- vasion forces were, 10 miles from Toulon and 10 miles from Cannes. They had driven inland through the Argens valley and along the main road and rail lines leading A Marseilles, chief seaport at France. This drive had taken the coastal ridge known as Ciiaine rtcs Maures. Other columns had Apenctratcd into this mountain mass, taking Ol'ibricrcs, nestl- ed in the valley of the same Tile invasion was firmly estab- 1'shcd on a 500-sqaare-miIe seg- rijnt of the French Riviera. A con- tinuous stream of reinforcements, supplies and equipment was pour- Ing in, and the beachhead was ex- panding .steadily. The Allied command said the in- vyion had swept up the coastal towns of St. Tropez. Ste. Maxime. St. Raphael, Frejus and Le Lavan. dou and the' inland towns of Le Muy, Le Luc, Lorgues Collobriers. "The swift advance of American and French troops continues in- See PARIS, Pg. 2, Col. 6 Ankara Reports t Albania Landing LONDON, Friday Aug. Ankara radio said today "Allied forces have landed In Durazxo in Albania." The was without Al- lied confirmation. The 'broadcast said It was quoting a special Allied Medi- terranean ra'dio bulletin. BBC monitors said ''they heard the Turkish broadcast, beamed to Bulgaria. Durazzo is the principal port of Albania. It lies about 20 miles west of the capital of Tirana which was bombed by the Al- lies on Tuesday. It is across the Adriatic from Brlndisi and Earl in Italy. There has been widespread guerrilla activity within Alban- ia, linked with Marshal Tito's Yugoslav Partisan activities. In Washington, both the United States War and Navy departments said they had heard nothing of the report and had no comment make. to Poles Want Larger Army, Land Reforms TlOSCOW, Aug. So- viet-recognized Polish council, functioning at Lublin on Polish today pressed forward with a pro- sram for increasing the Army, ef- fecting land reforms and restoring t.VI by popularly elected Juries. The program was sanctioned by the first plenary meeting of the national council and committee of national liberation last night with Bole-slaw Berut, council president, Eighth Fights On To Clear Florence ROME. AUR. Army troops fought today for the 14th day to clear Florence of Ger- mans as Patriots, filtering through the lines, reported Nazi terrorism in the no-man's-land of the an- cient art city. Although the Allied military gov- ernment was hauling in tons of food lor residents of that part of I Continued street fighting1 was re the city in Allied hands, the in Cnnriomierz, west bank triots told of a grave food situa- tiori in the disputed area, where flying bullets kept all indoors. Nazis once turned tank guns on civilians, refugees related. Battlefield Littered by Enemy Dead LONDON, Friday, Aug. 18 troops for the first time in 30 years car- ried the war to the German border yesterday, smashing across a battlefield littered with Nazi dead, burned-out tanks' and battered gun plat- forms and reaching the East Prussian frontier along the Szeszuppe river in western Lithuania. Led by Gen. Ivan Cherniak- liovsky, 37-year-old Jewish tank expert, the youngest full general in the Red army, this historic honor achieved after months of gruelling campaign- ing fell to the third White Rus- sian army. Moscow's midnight bulletin said the Red army battered down "pow- erfully built defenses" in order to reach the frontier, and wiped out Isolated German troops pinned against the river. The Russian communique men- tioned heavy German resistance, supported by tanks and artillery, and said the enemy was launching constant counterattacks with sup- porting fire from "heavy catapult appliances." 'This 'was .believed ,to mean platforms-for rocket guns. The enemy stili-was hurling In reserves from Heinrich Hitn- 'mler's German home army, ord- ering them' to "fight to the death" to protect the "holy soil" of Germany, Moscow said. In one area ihe Russians, wiped out Germans yesterday and 3lew up 60 tanks and self-propelled ;uns, the bulletin said. The Russians apparently, surged onto the frontier in the area ol Schirwindt, German border town 42 niles southeast of Tilist, East Prus- sian rail center, and 90 miles east of Koenigsberg, East Prussian capi- tal. The Szeszuppe river flows lorthward along the frontier from Schirwirjdt, and at one point is only about 30 miles east of Tilsit. :t flews into Schirwindt from the cast. This peril to East Prussia, era die of German militarism, high- ighled all the action along the eastern fronl, bill other Soviet arm es which had broken across the Vis ula river in central Poland 110 miles south of Warsaw also cap- ,ured 20 localities in their fanlike iweep. The sweep threatened not only to outflank the Germanheld 'olish capital but also threatened break-through toward German Silesia, last reported only 75 miles beyond Soviet spearheads. AMERICAN DRIVES THREATEN indicate main Allied thrusts in the battle area west of Paris. U. S. Third Army forces were pushing closer to the French me- tropolis with the capture of Dreux, Chartres, Chateaudun and Orleans. To the northwest Allies continued pincers-pressure on the pocket between Caen and Argentan. (AP General ShermanS Carry Big Punch WASHINGTON. Aug. The bigfest punch ever packed in a medium tank Is carried by the Army's new General Sherman. The War Department reported to- day that some of tho 33-ton, 24- niilcs-an-hoiir tanks with which Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's Third Army is blasting its way through central France are armed with 105 milli- meter howitzers. That's the biggest gun ever mounted In a medium tank. la ddition, the new General Sher- mans also carry two .30 calibre ma- chine guns, a .50 calibre machine gun, a martar, a .45 calibre subma- chine gun, hand grenades and smoke bombs. All this and Patton ?.oo! Infantile Paralysis In U. S. Increases NEW YORK. Aug. 17 national foundation1 for infantile paralysis said todny the United States had more cases of infantile paralysis reported. In the first 31 weeks of this year than at any com- parable time in 28 years. Latest figures from the U. S. Pub- ic service, the foundation said, gave a total of cases through AUK. 5, or cases more than re- )orted for the same period, last stronghold 110 miles southeast of Warsaw, as the Russians sought to secure another key crossing. East nf Praga, industrial su- burb of heseigrd "Warsaw, Rus- sian troops successfully heal off attacks hy infantry ami tanks, the Moscow bulletin as the Germans continued a hitter ef- fort to weaken the noose clos- ing on the old Polish rupital. North and west of Petseri In Estonia, another Soviet army relied on toward the Baltic sea, chopping into scattered fragment.'; the 000 German troops estimated lo be trapped in Latvia and Estonia. More than 150 localities were seiz- ed, the communique said. German East Prussia, where de- cisive hatlles of Ihe first World War were fousht, now was imminently threatened by three powerful ccn- quering Soviet armies along a front nearly 200 miles long, extending from northern Poland at a point below the annexed Suwalki trian- gle northward beyond the Nicman river in northern Lithuania. German soil has been touched upon previously in this war, but in no decisive fashion. French troops penetrated into Germany in the Warndt forest area west of For- bach In September, 1839, but thatj was a no-man's-lnnd between the Maginol. and Siegfried lines and of no Importance as later events testified. WHERE ALLIES UR1VK TO EXTEND Bracket and solid arrows indicate; apparent beachhead area in southern France where Allied troops are driving inland to join forces with parachute units dropped behind coastal defenses. Open arrow shows possible direction of an offen- sive toward the Rhone valley. (AP BULGARIA OFFERS PEACE FEELER, MAKES PROMISE LONDON, Aug. Ivan Bayrianov. addressing an ex traordinary .session of the Bulsari- im parliament, threw out a peace bid tolay, declaring "the govern- ment is determined lo remove all obstacles which stand In trie way of the Bulgarian peoples' love for peace." "The majority of the Bulgarian ROAD 10 BERLIN BY TIIK ASSOCIATED PIIKSS Front: 322 miles (measured from eastern suburbs of Warsaw.) Italian Front': B03 miles (meas- ured from France: 575 miles (measured from Aunay river cast of France: 680 miles from Meet Mannerheim STOCKHOLM, Allfr. ports ill Stockholm said loday Field Marshal Gen. Wllhelm Keitel and other high German officers cur- rently In Helsinki had called on Baron Carl Gustaf Manncrlicim, president of Finland The Weather I'S niiPAKTMCNT Ol1 COMMERCE WEATHER Aim.KNi: AND VKMNITV: Pa Hi; Inndy frld.t> and Saturday. KAST AM) IVIiST rarll; l-'rMay and Saturday, "tiurs. U'rtJ. WrA A.M. HOI .1 US High And low Irmprr.iliirn n. m anil ;7. lllph nnrt Inw date :i and Sntnft ntcliI: I monilnc: (onljlil: P.M. H: n3 fi2 n.i the Bulgarian radio quoted Bombs Blast Jap Defense Circle Anew By the Associated Press Japan had President Roose- velt's grim assurance today that her mainland would be occupied, even should she sur- render before an invasion, and Adm. Chester W. Nimitz' dis- concerting word of "power- house tactics" being readied for the knockout. These gloomy portents for Nippon' came as American bombers smashed anew at tar- gets on the shrinking Japa- nese defense ring. President Roosevelt, back In Washington from war talks with his top Pacific commanders, said Allied armies would march into Japan regardless of when or how the Japanese surrender. Admiral Nimitz, the Pacific fleet commander, told newsmen on his first visit to recaptured Guam that the Marianaschaln would he the jumping-off-place for blows "in the various directions we have in mind." "We believe in powerhouse lie said. "The war to beat the Japanese is to keep on his tail." A Japanese army spokesman was quoted by Tokyo radio as admitting American air power in the Pacific was treble that of Japan, but "nevertheless, we still feel confident that victory will be ours." A large force of Liberators and Mitchells carried out a concentrat- i ed attack on Mill airdrome on reported. The Germans clc- northern Halmahera island Wed- cfarnrHhr ranifnl was "a front nesday, dropping 87 tons of bombs and witling out 23 grounded planes In the 14th attack announced this month on the bte island guarding the southern Philippines. Gen. Douglas MacArthur. report- Ing the raid in his Friday commu- nique, added that Japanese ship- ping In the Molucca slrnil.s area has been so crippled the enemy Is risking oly iadcauate. makeshift vessels to supply its outlying gar- risons. Including Halmahera. cuiuinuniniie yesterday Berlin Says Allies, s From Paris LONDON, Friday, Aug. American tank columns ripped through chaotic, fleeing masses of German troops near (he outskirts of Paris yesterday and a Berlin broadcast early today admitted frankly that the Nazis had lost the battle of Normandy and were trying to escape an- other large Allied trap. Allied sources said Ihe Americans were within 35 miles of Paris, but German reports placed them only 23 miles away. Lt. Gen. George S. Palton's hard-hitting mechanized troops had overwhelmed four bastion cities before Paris, and were smashing against the Germans only 20 miles from the Seine river, where a disorganized and badly-mauled Nazi seventh army was massing barges and ferries in a desperate attempt to escape annihilation. "The Normandy front has been liquidated by the Ger- said Dr. Max Krull, military correspondent of DNB, German news agency, "German forces are retreating and swift Allied troops are trying to gain new positions to out- flank and even encircle them. "An attempt of this sort is being made at Dreux where thrusts in several directions, including Paris, are being made. The lines are everywhere dented and interwoven to an extraordinary degree." German crews aboard the 500 barges and scores of ferries waiting for the fleeing German columns faced a terror from Allied airmen waiting to pouncn like a multitude of hawks at the right moment, and with a destructive power far greater than any the Nazis inflicted at Dunkerque. The London press today printed German frontier reports that Hitler had completed a three-day conference with his highest military advisers who urged him to withdraw from all 'France in the next four weeks or risk destruction of most ol his forces. (The London radio said U. S. spearheads had reached (he outskirts of CBS clared the capital was "a front line city" with the thunder of distant guns echoing in the streets, and that the Ameri- cans were attacking Si. Ar- noull, 23 miles from Paris, and Epernon, 25 miles from Versailles.) Meanwhile, the Canadians shattered powerful enemy de-1 fenscs cast and south of Uien Hc rctum, with a surprise offensive that ago. Ben Allen Dies At Ballinger BALLINGER, 17-fSpl) Ben Allen, G4, .son of a pioneer Run- nels county settler, died at his home here today after an Illness of a week. He nits him in failing health said chichi Jima. in tbn Bonln Is-; overran such strongholds ar Tlmwrn and Vimont, forced UK; Dives river as deep as 25 miles southeast of Caen and sent the Germans reeling in lands, 630 miles from Tokyo, was bombed. Tokyo radio said 18 I'. S. heavy hnmhrrs partiripatrd. It warned thr .Tapanrsr people that liputi the Bonins by the enemy's heavy bombers rcrjuire, serious atten- tion." Maui in I ho island, n Miip anchoi'HRO, northern Mnriann.s, was for several years- Mr. Allen spent much of his car- life in Runnels county, but had years In Big Spring. 3d to Balllngcr four years Ho was a member of (hc Pioneer Runnels County Assembly and the First Methodist church. s Surviving are his wife. two sons. Ren Allen Jr., nf Abilene. Howard of n daughter, Mrs. Dona r Whalen, Bie Sprinrr. five erand- gcnr-rnl vclreal Ivom other .survivors include three lions which had blocked drives brothers, nufus A.. nalllnger. Nathe. Inward Paris and LP Havre HiK Snrinp and who Hvos sinVc D-Oay. Of most imniinent prril battered seventh German in California; four Mrs, W. A. Vance and Mrs. Lee Evans, Bal- army. land .-south of Japan pronrr, and the Mako naval base In thr Prs- adores, between Formosa and the China Hrflvy fishtinfr iva.s rennrtrri China's important him as saying, "never wanted to China's important Hunan province rail center of Henpvans mteifere in a large-scale confhc af. troops to frus. between great, powers. The govern- j irate JnnniiCKu lo nu.sh south and join captured nmh of the I mcnt declares it fully recognizes this." ALGIERS. Aim. A strong French fleet rmnnumlcil by Vice Admiral f.cmonmrr, adjutant Vice Admiral II. K. Hewitt, commander of I.1. S. Naval forrcs in the Northwest Africa area, participated In op- erations in South France, an