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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 16, 1962, Abilene, Texas "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT .4- A k A A A _1 A A 01 svxii svnva 82ND YEAR, NO. 61 ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUS PAGE ONE EDITOR'S NOTE Eldon Mahon, member of a Mitch- ell County family given to out- standing public service, has devoted his adult life to the judiciary system, first as county attorney in 1946, then as district attorney and now as Judge of the 32nd Judicial District. His topic, as guest columnist for Page One: The courts. By JUDGE ELDON MAHON "The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Su- p r e m e Court, and such in- ferior courts as the Con- gress may from time to time ordain and estab- lish." So j reads t h e first sen- MAHON tence of Sec- tion I, Article HI of the Con- stitution of the United States. In these few words was born our American independent judi- cial system. Because our courts play so large and important a role in our local, state and national de- it is most important that we, as citizens, understand the court's true nature.. The court system in America, which most of us take for granted, is no accident. It didn't just happen. We are concerned with the problem of maintaining a gov- ernment of free men under law of their own making. Our courts were created and exist, not only to settle according to law disputes between individ- uals, but also to settle accord- ing to law disputes between an individual and his government. In America we emphasize and exalt the individual, but we of- ten overlook the important fact that through-Judicial process. Ihe rights of ll.o individual are not only protected, but made more effective. Our court.; exist for that purpose. Under our American system, courts are not adjuncts of Ihe executive or legislative bodies. These departments have their independent powers but the ju- dicial power is not theirs. The courts are that branch of gov- ernment where an individual can go lo get juslice, not as a matter of privilege, but as a matter of right. It is in the courthouse that Ihe strong arm ol government may be stayed, if individual rights which are guaranteed by consitution or statutory laws are invaded. Not all law. nor its applica- tion, is perfect. To criticize con- structively a particular rlncision of a court, and to seek to have the law changed by statute or later court decision is not only proper, but essential in many instances but lo encourage dis- obedience and deliberate eva- sion of a court decision, is not in keeping with our American traditions. The rule of law de- pends upon voluntary accept- ance. One must mark the line between constructive criticism of court decisions and a per- sonal attack upon the integrity, loyalty and patriotism of a judge who renders an opinion with which he docs not agree. To disregard this line- of dis- tinction is a gross disservice to our nation and to our demo- cratic form of government. The law and its application de- serves the, respect of all citi- zens. When that respect fails, our democracy fails. Courts generally have heen guilty of errors, occasionally have sought lo wield more pow- er than was proper and, as all olher human institutions, are fallible. Yet courts have been a vast agency for good, have prevented many a storm which threatened our peace and wel- fare, and have greatly aided in uniting the American people in law and justice. There is no olher agency lo replace our court system. If our courts ever become po- litical minded, corrupt or sub- stitute the whims of the indi- vidual for Ihe law of Ihe land, democracy will have been lost. An independent judicial depart- ment is keystone of our American system. It is the great institution thai America has that docs not exist and is denied to all peoples in totali- tarian countries. The mainten- Ser MAHON, Pg. I A, Col. 4 Snyder'sj school board unanimously voted Webb said he believes that would reach the moon (before the end of the presentjxuesday night to ban motor scoot- decadc the goal set in President' Echoo, t Kennedy s call for a stepped-up lunar program about a year ago. The actlon was takcn Also at the news conference the recent deaths of two representing NASA were- Dr. Rob- youths in motor scooter accidents and was the latest in a series ofi Agreement Set On New Guinea ert Seamnns Jr.. associate admin- istrator, and Dr. D. Brainerd aimed at Preventing fur- Holmes, director of Nasa's office lhcr accidents, of manned space flight and fa-1 The City Council Tuesday voted j miliady known in NASA's own-to hold parents accountable for family circles as "the moon [juvenile traffic violations. j The crackdown grew out of a Holmes, while joining his col- leagues iii hailing the latest Soviet feat as a technological achieve- meeting ot doctors and city of- ficials Monday, called to protest the large number of injuries from Everybody Should Know How Ungulates Get Along menl, said that he did not scooter accidents. Dr. John; that the exploit in itself had any O'Banion called the scooter situa-; significance with re- lion the "biggest hazard to health i gard to the race to the moon. Jin Scurry County.1' Drydcn chimed in with a state-! "You don-t cnjldren tnis Iment that the task of reaching and this oftcn in car imnon means mobilizing a large wrecks he snid there were number of tasks all working to- ward an ultimate fruition of the .objective. j "The fact that they (Ihe Rus- sians1 may have done one job i ahead of us does nol mean that they are ahead us in going to Ihe moon." he added. Webb made his statement of be- lief the United States would beat the Russians to a landing on the moon after a reporter told him this many polio cases, the com- munity would be in an uproar." WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMKRCE WKATIIKK Bl'RKAi; fWcalhf-r Map. !'aKr 5-B> Altll.KNE AND VICINITY (Radius 4 Fair to partly cloudy me KUssians 10 a lanoing on me ivmimic.! >m Thursday. 'Not moon after a reporter told him that a British scientist. Sir Ber-i, XOIITH CK'X'TIML AND nard Lovell. had stated that doubted the United States could catch up with the Russians within the present decade. "1 disagree." said Webb. north mill F'iiiiiy. Hiah XOHTHWKST TKXAS: Clc Thursday and Friday. TlmrMhy. tlnindpi and south. Thursd Not Thin l-Tiri'iy Senate Decrees Rules Violation By GARDNER L. BRIDGE jmands for three quorum WASHINGTON The ;in nour- When a senator j' smvU last nichi: 7.22 sunrise iwiay: ale decided hv a 52-34 roll the absence of a p.m.: vote Wednesday nidil thai oppnii-la of the roll is required until al n PC, ,-rm snl W-lill. TKMriCHATrUKS Tliurs-j Hull .111.: T IliKh [ctiis oMhe'administration's 'com-, SI lllp lfll) senators arc present, munications satellite bill were vio-j The effect of Ihe vole, taken un- laling the rules with delaying idor the Sen.-te's rarely used do- tactics ilure rule, apparently was to give Sen. Mike Mansfield of pvesiding officer more leeway the Democratic leader, forced the NEWS INDEX vole with a protest a.qainst dc- in slaving off quorum calls. Mansfield said opponents of the bill were abusing their rights un- der the debate-limitation rule put into effect Tuesday by a lvt-27 cloture vote and asked a ruling from the chair on whether their quorum calls constituted a dila- tory and delaying tactic. Before Sen. Lee Metcalf. D-i Mont., who was presiding, could rule. Sen. Russell B. Long. D-l-a.. MASON CITY. Iowa (API jn the rear ol the chain- professional slunt man was shouted n demand lo be ously injured Wednesday when acl, hilled as "The Slide for Melcalf snid the request was almost becamethe slide lo death, mot debatable, hut Long, persist- Dave Norris, 30, of cried out, "Don't give your Tex., planned to drop from the j colleague (Mansfield) the whole rear of a moving car and slide damn floor." through a wall of flames at the. Son Kefauver, D-Tenn., Slunl Man Badly Hurl SECTION A Spom..........12, 14, 15 Oil news.............16 SECTION B Women's news Food news Obituorics Editorials Amusements Comics TV Scout......... Radio-TV logs..... Form news, markets 4 6 10 ...11 ..12 ...16 .16 17, 18 North Iowa Fair here. Witnesses said his feet apparently slipped off the bumper. He was (lung over heels tire truck, seat. and olher senators associated with Long in Ihe fight against the bill quieted him down, and he took a Norris was listed in serious condition al a Mason City hospital Melcnlf then said that rather than rule on the point raised by with head and possible internal Mansfield, he would submit it to By NEIL f.ILBRIDE WASHINGTON 'AP) Do you ever wake up in the mid- dle of the night and wonder how the wild ungulates are doing? Neither does Sen. Stephen lit. Young. D-Ohio. and he wants to know why the De- partment of Welfare is spend- ing thousands of dollars to research such burning ques- tions as "The Social Role of the Wild Ungulate." For the uninitated, an un- gulate is a hooved quadruped, according lo Webster's dic- tionary a four-footed animal with hooves, that is. Like a moose, maybe. But if Young is a little du- bious about spending S8.205 to invest igfite how the ungulates arc getting along with one another, he's really upset about, using even more of the taxpayers' money to look into the "Stcreotactic Atlas of the Beagle Brain." Both research projects are listed among grants handed out by the National Institutes of Health. Young said. Even Webster's Dictionary seems to be a little confused about the beagle brain project. It says "Stereotactic" derives from which is defined as "thigmotaxis." So far so good, but further investigation shows the defini- tion for "thigmotaxis" is "stercotaxis." This kind of thing may be elemental to a research ex- pert, hut apparently it has an unsettling effect on senators. A further avenue for investi- gation of the beagle brain project is the word "atlas." Obviously this isn't a refe- rence to a map. or the myth- ological character who carried the world on his back, and Webster's doesn't ?ay any- thing about the "atlas" of a beagle brain. Bui il does describe a hu- man atlas as the first vertebra of the neck which "revolves upon the odontoid process of the axis on a pivot and artic- ulates with the occipital con- dyles of the skull." This is the point as which this researcher gave up. but then he doesn't have a S9.775, government grant. Young says these and other projects are a waste of money. "The possession of millions of dollars of taxpayers' money should not be permitted to en- courage wasteful make work projects by any government he said. Other grants to which Young took exception: "Indian caste cohesive- ness and personality develop- ment. studies of silent thinking, bchavorial and psychological concomi- tants of dreaming. the ontogeny of English phrase structure, blood group genetics of Southampton Is- land Eskimos. S1I.500." Young credits Sen. Paul II. Douglas. D-I11.. with digging up the list of fascinating re- search projects. Douglas' of- fice saitl the Illinois senator was giving Ihe institute the benefit of the doubt, but he thought some of the projects on their face seemed a little "sillv." MAHON SAYS 'NO DEALINGS' Aide Says Andersen Asked Hush on Estes Abilene Grocery Firm Seeks Sa'e AUSTIN Securii..'s Commissioner William King said Wednesday that the Independent i Grocers Inc. of Abilene has ap- plied for permission to sell million in .stock in Texas. King also announced approval of It applications ot Texas com- panies to sell Instjuliilinn. was released Wednesday, month. The companies included Beside Andersen, Morris men- Amtrican Life Underwriters sonic 10 olher congressmen By GKOFKHKV ,degree. Most of these connections WASHINGTON iAP) A fired were made public previously. Agriculture Department aide Wil-.I'our of those mentioned, includ- liam Morris, has testified that'ing Andersen, published com- Rrp. II. Carl Andersen, It-Minn., ments at the end of the 140-page asked him nol to disclose volun-Jtranscript of Morris' testimony tarily Andersen's dealings wilt denying some details ot his story Billic Sol ICstes. defending their associations And Rep George II. Mahon. D-'I'cx., mentioned several times by Morris as being friendly with commented at the end of Ihe printed record "I have not Andersen be-en involved in any wav with ,or snmi, Billic Sol Kstes" although he jn a added be had "soon him a limes over the years in public Andersen repeatedly has defend- Places." his selling of worth of lie chnlV-'n.-ed several of Mor- mjnc stock lo Estes as an ris' statem.-nls. innocent business deal. The aide testified June 29 shortly after Estes was arrested and 30 before a House sub- Morris testified, Andersen called headed by Hep. and asked him to meet him II. Fountain, The tcsti- at a suburban restaurant, rmmy, subject of widespread spec "At that time naturally he was Morris told in detail of a trip ic had made with Andersen to isles' Pecos home, just n week injuries. I the Senate for a vote. (Wichita Falls, quite distressed, quite concerned about Morris said. "And he asked me not to voluntarily bring terpret it, everybody lived in the hope that their friendship for him would not be brought out." Morris added: "in that period anyone I ran into on Ihe Hill i Cap- itol Hill1, whom 1 knew had known Mr. Estes or who had fa- vorable association with him, they all said 'Don't say anything about my association with him.'" Morris denied that any Agricu! lure Department official had ever shown any kind of lavortism to Kstes. as Republicans on the Fountain subcommittee have charged. At a companion hearing Wed- nesday. Agriculture Department General Counsel ,lohn C. Bagwell testified that. Secretary of Agri culture Orville Freeman had vetoed a last-ditch effort lo legal izn cotton deals similar to those of Estes. Bagwell told the Senate investi- gations subcommittee he had ap- proved the maneuver but that Freeman rejected it April 11, less as having known Estes in somelit up. I think everybody as I In-1 Stt ESTES. Pg. J-A, Col. 1 Indonesia, Netherlands Sign Pact 3? By WILLIAM N. OATIS UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. iAP) and the Netherlands signed an agreement Wednesday night for the transfer of West 'New Guinea from Dutch to United i Nations and then to Indonesian administration by next May I. Their action ended a 13-year-old i dispute over the territory. Indonesian Foreign Minister Su- Ibandrio signed the sheaf of docu- jmcnts for his government. J. i Herman van Roijen. Dutch am- bassador to Washington, and C. W. A. Schurmann, ambassador to the United Nations, signed for the Netherlands. The signing was in the Security Council chamber, jammed with U.N. delegates, officials, and newspaper correspondents. U.N. Acting Secretary-General U Thant, who had promoted the settlement, called the signing an eventful occasion. It was his big- gest diplomatic achievement since he took office last November. Thant said the agreement would give the United Nations "tempor- ary executive authority... over a vast territory for the first time in its history" and that all ex- penses would be shared by the two parties and not "impose a burden on any of the other mem- ber governments." He remarked that with the sign- ing. Indonesia and the Nether- lands would resume diplomatic relations. He urged scrupulous ad- herence on the part of both gov- ernments to the letter and spirit of this agreement. Subamlriu said the moment was "a very important national oc- casion since... Indonesian unity ihas been restored." He thanked Tbant for taking the initiative, "as early as in Decem- ber, for both parties to come to- igethor in order to solve this prob- llem in a peaceful way." Van Roijen said the foremost consideration for the Dutch dele- gation was that the outcome would directly affect the fate of .the Papuans inhabiting West New Guinea. The mam agreement provided that: 1. The Netherlands would turn iWesl New Guinea over to the I United Nations Oct. t. 2. The United Nations would 'turn it over to Indonesia next -May t. 3. U.N. representatives would slay in the territory until 1969. 1 4. In liXM Indonesia, with U.N. Ihelp, will conduct a plebiscite in which the Papuan inhabitants will say whether they wont Indonesian administration or independence. ;